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VOL. X. 


2830 BOSTON: 




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Article Page 

I. Memoir of Hon. Joshua Thomas 1 

II. Detection of Witchcraft 6 

III. Representatives of Boston before the American Revolution 23 

IV. Topographical Description of Rochester ...... 29 

V. Letter from Dr. Watts 39 

VI. Account of Cumington 41 

VII. Gale of September, 1815 45 

VIII. Churches and Ministers in New Hampshire ... 54 

IX. Notes on Duxbury 57 

X. Descriptive and Historical Account of Boscawen . . 71 

XI. Biographical Notice of Hon. James Winthrop ... 77 

XII. Dr. Edwards' Observations on the Mohegan Language 81 

XIII. Notes to Dr. Edwards' Observations ( 98 

XIV. Obituary Notice of Professor Peck 161 

XV. Memoirs of William Blackstone ....... 170 

XVI. On the Aboriginal phrase Shawmut ...... 173 

XVII. Notes on the Springs of Boston 175 

XVIII. Instances of Longevity in New Hampshire . . . 176 

Hutchinson Papers. 

XIX. Letter from R. Levett to Mr. Cotton 182 

XX. Mr. Cotton's Answer 183 

XXI. Letter from Mr. Cotton to Francis Hutchinson . . 184 

XXII. Letter from Pres. Dunster to Gov. Winthrop ... 187 

XXIII. Acknowledgment of Donations 188 

XXIV. List of Members 191 


Article Page 

XXV. General Table of Contents of the Ten Volumes of the 
Second Series 193 

XXVI. Index of Authors 200 

XXVII. Chronological Table of the most Remarkable Events 204 

XXVIII. General Index 228 

XXIX. Officers of the Society 393 

XXX. List of deceased Members . 395 

XXXI. Errours corrected ib. 

XXXII. Conclusion of the Twentieth Volume .... 397 


JANUARY 10, 1821. 

IT is now almost thirty years since the formation of the 
Historical Society of Massachusetts. Its enlightened 
and liberal founders were past the meridian of age. The 
persons first chosen members of the association were 
also generally selected from among those who had at- 
tained some celebrity as men of information, and had 
reached the same period of life. The most of them, 
therefore, have been called away from these scenes of 
labour and enterprize. Sullivan, Belknap, Eliot, Thach- 
er, Minot, Tudor and others, have received our parting 
regrets ; and their memories are cherished as patriots, 
and as benefactors of mankind. The institution they 
founded has already been attended with great advantages, 
in collecting and preserving materials necessary for a 
perfect history of America ; and its objects are justly 
appreciated by the intelligent part of the community. 

It is now our melancholy duty to record the death of 
another highly esteemed member of our Society. The 
Hon. Joshua Thomas, late of Plymouth, who died in 
January, 1821, was early chosen one of the association. 
His attachment to the principles and manners of the first 
settlers of New England, his general and extensive in- 
formation, and his particular taste lor the early history 
of Massachusetts, were qualifications which justly en- 
titled him to this election. 

Mr. Thomas was born in 1751, in the ancient town 
of Plymouth, hallowed as the early abode of our pilgrim 
fathers, who fled to this new world, in 1620, to avoid the 
vol. x. 2 


unchristian persecutions of men who bore the Christian 
name in the old. He was descended from one of the 
most respectable families in that colony, his ancestor 
being William Thomas of Marshfield, who was a partic- 
ular friend of Governor Winslow, and settled near him. 
This William was a deputy from Marshfield to the As- 
sembly of the colony, and an assistant several years. 
He did not come to Plymouth till about ten years after 
the plantation began : but he was active in promoting 
the interests and views of the company during this period.* 
One of his grandsons was clerk of the Court; and one was 
judge of probate for the county of Plymouth. After the 
union of Plymouth with Massachusetts in 1692, by the 
charter of William and Mary, the latter was one of the 
Council : and it is reported of him, that he was opposed 
to the severe measures at that time adopted against the 
pretended witches in Essex county. 

The grandfather of Mr. Thomas married a Miss Pattis- 
hall of Boston, and resided there some years. His father, 
who was born in the town last named, was an eminent 
physician in Plymouth, and lived to an advanced age, 
greatly esteemed for his social virtues, and for bis useful 
services in the profession. 

Mr. Thomas received his education at Harvard Univer- 
sity ; and was considered one of the first scholars in the 
large class of which he was a member. He was particu- 
larly distinguished for a flowing and elegant style of writ- 
ing ; and in subsequent periods of his life, he gave repeat- 
ed evidence of this happy talent. He was graduated in 
July, 1772. After passing a few months in teaching 
youth (an employment in which, formerly, some of the best 
scholars in the state engaged for a short period, on leaving 
the University) he gave his attention to theological studies, 
with a view to the clerical profession. But he was never 
employed in its publick services. The political contro- 
versy with Great Britain, which was now becoming highly 
interesting, and approaching to a crisis, seems to have 
engaged his chief attention, as it did that of other patriots ' 

# See Gov. Bradford's Letters, Vol. HI. Hist. Coll. 


of that eventful period. He was adjutant of a regiment 
of newly organized militia, raised in Plymouth county in 
the autumn of 1 774 ; and,,at their request, he delivered a 
publick address on the political state of the country, which 
was received with great approbation and applause. 

In April, 1775, soon after the battle of Lexington, Col. 
John Thomas of Kingston, who had been an officer in 
1758, raised a regiment, and marched, with others, to 
Roxbury. Here he acted for some months as commander 
of the several regiments encamped at that place, with 
the rank of general, while General Ward commanded at 
Cambridge, and was actually commander in chief of 
the Massachusetts troops, until the arrival of General 
Washington, in July following, who had received a com- 
mission to command the American forces of all the colo- 
nies. Mr. Thomas was aid to General Thomas at this 
period, and for this whole campaign ; and his intelligence 
and activity rendered him highly useful to the general, 
and the division under his command. 

In the same capacity he accompanied General Thomas, 
in the spring of 1776, to Ticonderoga and Crown Point, 
on Lake Champlain, who was entrusted with the chief 
command of the American troops in that quarter. After 
a few months' service in this expedition, General Thomas 
died, (greatly lamented,) and the command devolved 
on General Schuyler of New York. Major Thomas 
then left the army and returned to his native town, where 
he engaged in the study of the law; and was occasionally 
employed by government in various agencies for the pub- 
lick service ; but did not again go into the field. His 
father and three brothers engaged in the military service, 
in the trying period of May, 1775, and two of them 
continued to the close of the contest. 

In the year 1781 he was elected a representative from 
Plymouth, and after serving the town in this capacity for 
several years, he was chosen one of the senators for that 
county, and in 1792 was appointed judge of probate, on 
the decease of the Hon. Joseph Cushing. This office he 
sustained until his death, a period of twenty-nine years ; 
and its various duties were discharged with a correctness 


and integrity, with an impartiality and patience, never 
exceeded, perhaps, by any one ; and which secured to 
him the esteem and respect of the whole county. There 
was such amenity in his manners, and such a spirit of 
accommodation in the discharge of his official duties, as 
well as in the private circle, that all who associated with 
him, either for publick business or social converse, were 
pleased and delighted. His memory was uncommonly 
retentive, and he was full of anecdotes calculated to illus- 
trate the opinions and manners of men of former days, 
particularly of (he patriots and statesmen of 1775. He 
was fond of perusing the works of ethical and theological 
writers. His reading was very extensive on these sub- 
jects. He was well acquainted with the various systems 
of theology in the Christian world ; but gave his decided 
preference to that, which is now denominated Unitarian 
and liberal. He went to the fountain of inspiration for 
his religious sentiments ; he admitted no other authority 
as decisive but the Bible ; and this, he believed, every 
one was bound to examine and interpret for himself. 
Yet he approved, generally, of the writings of Price and 
Watson, of Mayhew, Chauncy and others of their catho- 
lic views. In his political character he ranked among 
the ardent friends of rational freedom, and was a true 
disciple of the Washington School. Though an enemy 
to arbitrary rulers, who forgot right and attempted to 
exercise illegal and unconstitutional power, he was a firm 
supporter of all legitimate authority, and a ready advocate 
of law and order. In the various critical periods of the 
commonwealth, during his active life, he united his efforts, 
with other good men, in vindicating correct constitutional 
principles, in opposition to popular excitements and party 

His qualities as a parent, neighbour and friend, were 
peculiarly happy and commendable. He was indulgent, 
mild, generous, disinterested. As a lawyer, also, he 
shared largely in the esteem and confidence of the people. 
He was too honourable to impose on the ignorant, or to 
exact even the usual fees for professional business of the 
poorer classes. Most men, with the portion of business 


which he had as a lawyer, and without a charge of 
dishonesty, would have accumulated much more than he 
did. He was many years president of the bar in Ply- 
mouth county ; and the following vote, passed, unani- 
mously, at the first court holden in that county after his 
decease, fully shows the high estimation, which his 
brethren of the profession had of his talents and character. 
— " The Bar, taking into consideration the afflicting dis- 
pensation of providence, in removing by death their highly 
respectable President, the Hon. Joshua Thomas, distin- 
guished by his literary and legal acquirements, his moral 
and social virtues, and with a deep sense of the loss, 
which the community, in general, and this Bar, in parti- 
cular, have sustained by this melancholy event, do resolve, 
that they will, in token of their respect for his memory, 
w 7 ear crape from this time till the end of the next term 
of the Supreme Judicial Court for this county." 

The honourable notice taken of our friend by Judge 
Putnam, at a session of the Supreme Judicial Court in 
Plymouth, in May, 1821, at the first term thereof in the 
new court house, is worthy of preservation. — "Alas! 
that our joy, on this interesting occasion, should be mix- 
ed with grief for the loss of that excellent and venerable 
man, who presided in your courts, and was so long the 
widow's friend, and father of the fatherless. This temple 
of justice is but one of the durable proofs of his influence, 
and of the never-failing confidence, which your people 
had in his integrity and judgment. His respected name 
will descend with distinguished honour to posterity : 
but the benignity of his countenance and manners can be 
properly estimated only by those who had the happiness 
to know him. If he were here to-day, he would rejoice 
with you, because he would have believed that this well- 
timed liberality will be productive of lasting honour and 
benefit to the county as well as to the state. He was fully 
impressed with that veneration for the laws and for the 
magistracy, which will ever be associated with these 

When a Bible Society was formed in the counties of 
Plymouth and Norfolk in 1814, he was chosen president, 


and so continued to the time of his death. He was also 
president of the Pilgrim Society, lately established at 
Plymouth, and his death is deeply lamented by all its 
members. The regrets of the Historical Society are 
mingled with those of others, with whom he was associ- 
ated for useful and patriotick purposes ; and they improve 
the earliest opportunity to record this sketch of his 
character and services, from a respectful regard for his 
memory, and as an incitement to others to honourable 
exertion for the good of the publick and of posterity. 


[Governour Hutchinson, in Vol. II. p. 26 of edition 3, has given a 
very brief abstract of this curious paper by the Rev. Mr. Turell, 
minister of Medford. Our copy is from the original MS. which 
was owned by the historian of Massachusetts, made by Dr. Andrew 
Eliot, his friend. Ed.] 

The Introduction. 

ALTHOUGH I am as far as any one from holding or 
maintaining the doctrine of the Sadducees ; and firmly 
believe the existence of spirits, an invisible world, and 
particularly the agency of Satan, and his instruments, in 
afflicting and tormenting the children of men, (when per- 
mitted by God ;) yet I fear the world has been wretch- 
edly imposed upon by relations of such matters. Tricks 
and legerdemain have been fathered upon Satan, and 
others, falsely reputed as being in covenant with him, by 
ignorant and designing people, in which they were not so 
immediately concerned. Many things have been dubb'd 
witchcraft, and called the works of the devil, which were 
nothing more than the contrivance of the children of men, 
who are wise to do evil, and which by strict examination 
might have been detected. There are some books in the 
world,nlled with stories of witchcrafts, apparitions, trances, 


&c. to which we owe no more faith than to the tales of 
fairies, and other idle romances. Where one relation is 
exactly according to truth, there are two, at least, that are 
wholly the fruit of wild imagination, or intolerably mixt 
with deceit and falsehood. Hence some have taken oc- 
casion to doubt of, and deny the existence of spirits, and 
an invisible world ; and others to turn all that wise men 
say or write about them into ridicule. 'Tis a pity the 
world has been so credulous, and furnished these scepticks 
with matters to make sport of. At the same time, it is a 
thing horrid to think of, that we should be imposed upon 
by false relations, and our understandings daily affronted 
by lies. It w r ould certainly have been a singular kindness, 
if those who have been instrumental in detecting false- 
hoods of this nature, especially causes of pretended witch- 
crafts, had been careful, and have taken and emitted 
authentick accounts of them, from time to time ; which 
might have proved an happy means of preventing the 
like, or stopping their progress. When I consider this, 
and what every one owes to his own generation, and to 
posterity, I reckon myself obliged to offer a story, full of 
remarkable circumstances, which was the subject of much 
discourse and debate, in the day of it, and has lately, bf 
the wonderful providence of God, and his most powerful 
word, been brought to light and unfolded. I trust it may 
be of some service to the world, and therefore commend 
it to the divine blessing. E. T. 

The Account itself. 

In the year of our Lord 1720, at Littleton, in New 

England, lived Mr. T B , three of whose 

children were in very odd and unaccountable circum- 
stances for many months; viz. E h,aged about eleven 

years ; J a, aged about nine years ; and M y, aged 

about five years. All of them were supposed to be under 
an evil hand, (i. e.) afflicted by Satan. I shall divide the 
history of them into six parts or chapters, that you may 


receive it with greater advantage. (1.) I shall relate 
speeches or facts ; (2d) what people thought or spake 
about them in the time of it ; (3d) explain all that was 
dark and unintelligible in their behaviour ; (4th) declare 
the reasons and motives that induced and led them to it ; 
(5th) the manner in which they were treated, and how 
they ought to have been treated ; (6th) the means by 
which things were brought to light ; and then add some 
useful reflections on the whole. 

First, then, I shall relate speeches and facts, or what 
was said and done by these children supposed to be un- 
der an evil hand. 1 shall begin with E — h, who was 

first in the plot, of w r hom I am able to give the most par- 
ticular account. This girl, of about eleven years old, for 
eight months together, acted after a very strange manner. 
She began with telling stories which she had heard or read ; 
agreeably and surprisingly accommodating them to the 
present time, company, occasion, &c. She proceeded in 
a short time to the relating of dreams; strange and unac- 
countable ones. From dreaming she fell into trances, 
and would, to all appearance, swoon away, and lie as one 
dead for a considerable time ; out of which she would 
anon awake, and tell her friends, and those about her, 
what affrighting or pleasing visions she had of this or the 
other worlds. She made an unlawful use of sieves, eggs, 
and other things, to shew tricks and tell futurities ; a 
practice which many foolish people run into. When she 
was put upon reading the scriptures, which she could do 
very well, and fixed her eye upon the words God, or 
Christ, or Holy Spirit, &c. she would drop down as one 
thunder-struck, scarce any sign of life remaining with 
her ; and this she would do as often as they put her to 
read those words. Many strange noises were daily heard 
in the house, and stones often flung down chimney, by 
which not only the food that was dressing, and the uten- 
sils, were damaged, but the family was endangered. She 
would frequently tear her clothes, and disfigure herself, 
bite her attendants, and spit upon them, and her visitors 
too, excepting the pastor of the church, whom she ap- 
peared to have no power to hurt. 'Twas very common 


to find her in ponds of water, at a considerable distance 
from the house, crying out, in great distress, she should 
be drowned. Sometimes she would be seen on the top 
of the house, and on the tops of trees, crying out that she 
should fall and kill herself; and when asked how she got 
there, she answered, she flew there. She did frequently 
complain of wounds and pinches and prickings, which 
she said she received by invisible hands, and the usual 
marks of such things were seen upon her. She accused 
a certain woman of the town for afflicting her, and as 
causing all the evil she suffered, and would often cry out 
to her mother — There she is ! there she is ! there's Mrs. 

D y. Two things are very remarkable relating to 

Mrs. D y's pretended appearances. One time 

E h said to her mother, there was a little bird in 

such a part of the room : Her mother went directly to 
the place, and having something in her hand, struck the 

place pointed to. E' h immediately cry'd out, O 

mother, you have hit it on one side of the head ; and it 

was found afterwards that Mrs. D y was at the same 

time hurt on one side of her face. Another time E h 

said to her mother, There's Mrs. D y ; she is just 

there ; coming to afflict me ! Her mother struck the 

place with something, and E h cry'd out, You have 

hit her on the bowels. It was found that Mrs. D y 

received much hurt at the same time, and said she felt 
something break within her. She was then big with 
child, took to her chamber, and died in a few weeks. 

And as soon as she knew of Mrs. D- y's death, she 

ceased all complaints, and quickly grew composed and 
easy; and has never been known to use the like strange 
behaviour since. — I proceed now to give some account 
of J a, w r hen she appeared to be under the like influ- 
ences of an evil hand. She was a girl of about nine 
years old. I discoursed with her, and she confirms what 
has been related before of her sister. You must know 
it was four months after her sister that she began to talk 
and act like her, and to complain of Mrs. D y's af- 
flicting her. Indeed she was never seen to fall into those 
trances, or heard to relate such visions as her sister ; but 

VOL. X. 3 


was in other respects equally odd and unaccountable, and 

in one instance she fairly outdid her. J a was often 

seen upon the top of an high barn, when a young man 
could not without great difficulty get up ; and there she 
would cry for help, saying she was carried there through 

the air. But when Mrs. D y's death was known, an 

entire stop was put to all her actions of this kind. The 
youngest sister, M y, of about five years old, com- 
menced this odd behaviour about six months after 

E h, and two after J a, and was not in many 

articles outdone by her sisters. Her complaints and 
speeches and actions were much the same. I am not 
able to say how far this child remembers these things, 
not having seen her ; but the sisters say, she retains but 
a very confused notion of them. In one circumstance 
she differed from both her sisters, viz. notwithstanding 

the news of Mrs. D y's death was brought to her, 

she carried on the old stroke, with bitter complaints of 
her, for many weeks ; persisting in it that, let her sisters 
be ever so well, she remained under an evil hand. I 
must be so just as to tell you here, that there passed a 

day or two before Mrs. D- y's death was known to 

either of these children, and that these days were as 
much filled with complaints of her, as the months be- 
fore. Thus have I finished the first head proposed, by 
giving you a plain and honest account of speeches and 
facts. The reader may now make a pause, and judge 
whether this be witchcraft or not, or stay till he hears 
the sentiments of others, which it is the business of the 
next head to relate. 

2d, I am to relate what the thoughts and discourses of 
people were about the behaviour of these children, in 
the time of it. The news of Mr. B d's family be- 
ing under trouble presently took air, and spread about 
the neighbourhood, and also reached many places at a 
considerable distance ; many went to visit them ; some 
out of compassion, and others out of curiosity, to make 
observations on their carriage, whom they found ready 
enough to make their moans and show their distressed 
case. The children were pitied by most that visited 


them or that heard of them, as being in great adversity. 
There were many conjectures formed about the causes 
of their behaviour : Some thought they labored of bodily 
maladies ; others that their minds were disordered, and 
that a strange kind of distraction had seized on them. 
Others, from some of their actions, (w T hich were silly 
enough,) thought them to be underwitted ; others that 
they were perverse and wicked children. But so far as 
I can learn, the greater number thought and said they 
were under an evil hand, or possessed by satan. This was 
the general cry of the town, and though many of this opin- 
ion were not so uncharitable as to judge or condemn 

Mrs. D y as afflicting them, or to censure her as one 

in covenant with the devil, (having sufficient reason to 
believe the accused are not always the guilty persons;) yet 
they scrupled not to say, some evil spirit afflicted them in 
her shape. Indeed, that circumstance I named, of their 

complaining of Mrs. D y, after she was really dead, 

stumbled many, who before seemed fully persuaded 

the children were bewitched ; as also Mrs. D y's 

protestations of her innocency all along, together with 
her forgiving spirit upon her death bed : For when one 
asked her, among other questions, whether she forgave 

the wrong done her reputation by Mr. B d's children, 

she answered, she freely forgave them all. People at a 
distance, forming their judgment of these matters from 
the parents of the children, and other relations, (who 
made their story as lamentable and doleful as it could be,) 
plumply pronounced it witchcraft as much as that which 
was formerly acted at Salem ; [Vide History of New En- 
gland, on Witchcraft.] all which, it may be, arose from 
as small a beginning, though attended and followed 
with more fatal effects. And it may be with some diffi- 
culty that my next head will undeceive some persons ; 
which is, 

3dly, To explain what was dark and unintelligible in 
these children's speeches and behaviour. Whoever has 
considered well of what was said under the first particu- 
lar, let the general conclusion he has drawn up in his 
mind be what it will, he must certainly be nonpluss'd, if 


called upon to interpret some things to his own or others' 
satisfaction : 'Tis the business of this head to explain them. 

First, then, as to E h's telling of strange stories, 

dreams, &c. I have this to say of it, that she was ownerof 
a good share of mother wit, and was more than ordinarily 
delighted with reading, and had a tenacious memory, by 
which means she could relate most things she had heard 
or read, and apply them ; she could leave out or put into 
a story that which would render it surprising. As to 
her falling down as dead, upon reading the words God, 
Christ, and Holy Ghost, &c. she did it willingly and per- 
versely, having read in some accounts of witchcraft that 
afflicted persons always do so. The noises and disturb- 
ances in the house were made by these children, who 
could climb up and down about it and upon it. They 
would steal away unseen, and go down into ponds of wa- 
ter, and climb to the tops of trees, and sometimes get so 
high that they could not for their lives, of themselves, safe- 
ly come down. And though it was a common report 
that they flew to those places, (and it is true that they said 
so,) yet no person ever saw them flying : Those that 
have often asserted it formerly, dare not give their oaths 

to it. E h told me she never could get upon the 

barn, which J a climbed to the top of ; and though 

J a climbed upon it, yet she could not come down ; 

and that those who came to help her used ladders for the 
purpose. The wounds, the pinches, the bruises they 
complained of, (the marks of which were to be seen) 

they privately gave with their own hands. E h told 

me she once in company pinched her forehead, and then 
immediately complained of a violent pain in her head, 
and desired one to hold it, which was done; and all the 
while the person held it she complained she was pinch- 
ed, and when the hand was taken away the plain mark 
of a pinch appeared, which confirmed her being bewitch- 
ed to all that were present. 

The children falsely accused Mrs. D — — y, and all the 
reason they give for it is this — they had proceeded so far 
in their wicked course that they were both ashamed and 
afraid to come to a confession of it. And an accusation 


of somebody (no matter who) was the next step. Mrs. 
D y is pitched upon by E h without any foun- 
dation. She owns she never appeared to her, or did her 
the least hurt, and when she told her mother of the bird 
in the room, she saw nothing; her mother struck at noth- 
ing ; and the hurt which Mrs. D y received was no 

ways owing to such a cause ; but, as I am informed, Mrs. 

D y was troubled- with an ague in her face, and had 

at that time been applying an harsh and hot medicine 
which an unskilful neighbour had simply" advised her to, 
which took off the skin from one side of her face. And 
when she told her mother, in the other instance, that Mrs. 

D y was in such a part of the room, she did not see 

her nor any appearance at all ; and her mother only 

fought with the air and the floor; Mrs. D y received 

no injury by it ; but at that time (as I heard) was riding 
on an horse behind her husband, and said to him she be- 
lieved she had broke something within her, upon which 
she took to her chamber, and in a short time after died. 
I should note here that she was with child, and the horse 
was going exceeding swift and hard. Her death exceed- 
ingly terrify' ] d the tw r o eldest of these children, who were 
\ery capable of reflection ; but the youngest, through 
w eakness, paid no regard unto it. These sisters, who were 
not afraid of wilfully sinning against God, were now 
trembling for fear of seeing an apparition from the dead. 

E h told me she expected no other for a long time, 

but that Mrs. D y would come and revenge the 

wrongs offered her. The fear of some such thing has at 
times kept her in a state of bondage until now. 

I pass now, in the 4th place, to declare the reasons and 
motives that excited these children at first, and after- 
wards, to such a behaviour. E h* tells me freely, 

her's took its rise from folly and pride : When she found 
she pleased others (whether elder or younger) or caused 
admiration in them, she was over pleased with, and ad- 
mired herself, grew conceited and high minded. She 
thought, to be able to deceive her parents and neighbours 
was a fine accomplishment ; but for a long while after 
she indulged this humour, she had no thought of nor 


design about what it ended in. She never dreamt of 
witchcraft in all her dreams. She knew not but that other 
people's speaking of such a thing might put it into her 
head. She owns she was so much lifted up with pride, 
that she could not think of humbling herself. She was 
sorry that ever she began, but could not entertain a 
thought of leaving off, and therefore, as is the way of the 
wicked, she told one lie to hide another ; adding sin to 
sin, and proceeding from evil to evil, until she had filled 
up the measure of iniquity to that height as has been 

described. J a, observing her sister's performances 

for four months together, especially her being in ponds 
and upon trees, &c. (although at the same time she 
really believed her sister to be under an evil hand) had 
the curiosity to try if she could not perform the like 
pranks in a natural way, which she found herself able to 
do with as great facility. She outdid her sister in one 
thing, namely, in the instance given of climbing a barn, 

which E -h never attained to. Upon this she feigned 

herself to be in the like circumstances. E h, find- 
ing J —a so active and cunning, and having many 

times mourned the want of an associate and assistant, she 
took J — — a aside one day, (though with much reluc- 
tance, fearing that thereby the plot might sometime or 
other be discovered,) and told her the whole lying story 
with a great deal of truth ; and persuaded her to join in 
the hellish design of deceiving and grieving their pa- 
rents and neighbours, and ruining the character of Mrs. 

D y, and serving the devil. Thus they took wicked 

counsel together, and J -a complied with all that 

was proposed, and vowed secrecy. By this agreement 
they had opportunity and better advantage of contriving 
and carrying on the accursed scheme. Now, whilst one 
held the neighbours in discourse, &c, the other would 
surprise them with a shrill cry, and be found at a great 
distance, when it was asserted and believed that they were 
both together but a moment before. The youngest 

daughter, M y, believed her sisters, E h and 

J a, were both possessed and bewitched, and yet 

commenced the same behaviour about two months after 


J a ; but upon different reasons and motives. 

This little girl had observed what sort of treatment 
her sisters had met with during their disorders, viz. that 
they seemed to be more the object of their parents' care 
and love, as well as pity, than ever ; and more than 
her dear self, (who was now in some measure neglected 
on their account,) though her years called for greater 
tenderness ; she therefore thought, that if she made the 
like complaints, they would soon turn the tide of their 
affections into the right channel; and accordingly she 
feigned herself afflicted, said and acted as they did, to the 
very last, without being found out ; nay, she held it longer 
than her sisters, as I hinted under a former head ; and, 

as E< h tells me, it was with unwearied pains (by 

promises and threatenings) they hindered her from pro- 
ceeding, and so put a period to this wicked affair. 

I pass now, in the 5th place, to shew the manner in which 
these children were treated, and how they ought to have 
been managed during their strange behaviour. I have 
already told you, under the 2d head, what people's opin- 
ions were about them and their actions, and we may be 
sure they were treated accordingly. The parents scarce 
ever entertained an hard thought of them ; they never 
once imagined the truth — that such folly and wickedness 
could be bound up in the hearts of their dear children ; 
and therefore they treated them with all imaginable ten- 
derness. They sent for physicians, to find what was amiss 
in their bodies, to heal them ; and for the elders to pray 
for them and over them ; and the credulous neighbours 
came often to visit and pity them. But as there were 
those who all along suspected they were dissemblers, we 
must suppose they met with rougher treatment from 
them. They would solemnly put some serious ques- 
tions to them, and sometimes reprove, rebuke, exhort 
and warn them. The number of those were small, com- 
pared with others who bolstered them up in their folly : 
Few cared to meddle far in an affair that was so dark and 
intricate ; none made a business of it to detect them. 
Some reverend and wise persons advised the parents to 
separate them, and offered to receive them into their 


houses, (when they came to ask them to keep a day of 
fasting and prayer on their account,) but the fond and 
weeping parents could not think of it, but returned sor- 
rowful home. Had this prudent method been fallen 
into, or had they been all along carefully watched (as we 
would those we suspect of forgery and deceit,) they 
might easily have been countermined and confounded in 

most of their projections and actions. E h told me 

that, even when none suspected them, they were put to 
a thousand shifts to ripen and to bring things to pass, 
and as often in danger of being found out ; and had not 
almost any excuse or reason been swallowed, all their 
schemes would have been dashed to pieces, I make no 
doubt, but in this long course of sinning Satan was -very 
officious, and now and then suggested a thought to them, 
when they were brought to an extremity. But yet if 
all matters had been thoroughly scanned and canvassed, 
I question whether he would have been able to furnish 
them with such excuses as would clear them before wise 

and good men. E h told me one story which is 

very remarkable to this purpose : The three children 
were in bed together, and contriving mischief; one of 
them was sent out by the others to a closet to fetch a 
bottle, with which she quickly returned to them. In a 
few minutes, they complained of a bottle, which (as 
they said) was, without hands, conveyed to them, and by 
which they were grievously afflicted. In the midst of 
these complaints, E— — h had this thought starting in 
her mind, What if my father should have seen my sister 
fetch the bottle ? Upon which, she lift up her voice and 
said. Why do you complain of the bottle? Sister just 
now fetched it for me to smell of: 1 wish every thing 
came to us by the same natural means. Her thought 
was right ; for her father was sitting in an apartment 
where he saw one of the children fetch the bottle. Now 
if one such matter had been followed up close, it is not 
unlikely but the whole cheat would have been discover- 
ed ; had the parents been severe, and used the children 
as they deserved, the lying spirit would have departed 
from them, which abode with them many years after- 


wards, as you will hear under the next head. — I proceed 
now to speak of the means by which the whole affair was 

brought to light. After Mrs. D y's death, (though 

the witchcraft ceased,) the children persisted in it, that 
they uttered nothing but the truth, throughout the long 
day of their supposed trials and afflictions, with relation 
to any particular. But, alas ! their consciences (espe- 
cially E h's) contradicted them : That inward moni- 
tor being awakened, severely lashed, and wrecked, and 

tortured them. For some years afterwards, E h 

wore a gloominess upon her mind. She did not care to 
talk of this business ; and when questions were put to 
her by her parents and others, she would artfully turn 
the discourse to other subjects. She was very much 
grieved for her folly, but not enough to denominate her 
a true penitent. She was convicted, but not converted. 
However, in a short time after this, she sought the ordi- 
nance of baptism from her pastor, who examined her 
about this very affair, telling her that some of the good 
neighbours suspected her of falsehood. But to him she 
asserted her innocency, and so came with a lie in her 
right hand, (a sure symptom of unregeneracy,) and was 
baptized. After this, she informs me, she lived not 
without many serious thoughts upon what she had been, 
and said, and done. In her conversation with her sister 

J a, she would say to her sometimes, very gravely, 

This whole matter of our deceit and wickedness will 
be brought to light, and we shall be ashamed. And so 
it was, very remarkably, as follows : These two young 
women removed from Littleton to Medford, where the 
providence and ordinances of God further awakened 

E h ; insomuch that she sought the ordinance of the 

Lord's supper, (by asking an admission into full com- 
munion with the church of Christ here.) She came to 
me on the 14th of September, 1728, for this end. I dis- 
coursed with her and examined her about her belief and 
practice, and endeavoured to learn the state of her soul, 
and her past temper and conversation, as far as was pro- 
per. She gave me a very good account of herself; she 
discoursed very sensibly and religiously upon the ques- 
vol. x. 4 


tions and heads I proposed to her. I therefore encour- 
aged her to come to the sacrament, giving such instruc- 
tion and advices as were needful, and so propounded her 
the next Lord's day. I knew but little of the dark story 
I have now told the world, and was entirely ignorant of 
her being an actor in it. It was therefore to my great 
surprise, that on the Saturday, P. M., the day before she 
was to be received into the church, she came to visit me 
under the deepest concern and trouble of mind imagina- 
ble ; inquiring of me what dreadful things I had heard 
of her, that made me preach so terribly against lying and 
liars, on the last Sabbath, from the 19 Proverbs, 5 — He 
that telleth lies shall not escape. I asked her what 
made her think I had heard any thing of her ? Nobody 
had been with me to object any thing against her. She 
then frankly told me that she had been greatly awakened 
and convinced by the word preached, insomuch that she 
is resolved no longer to cover her sin, as she had done, 
to the disturbance of her peace, and the hazard of her 
salvation ; but to confess it both to God and man, that 
she might hope to find mercy. She told me that she 
had long endeavoured to flatter herself that God would 
be gracious to her and forgive her, though she should 
omit the making an open and publick declaration of the 
matters she was guilty in to man ; but that now she was 
quite of another mind, having received new light from 
the gospel. She proceeded then to tell me the substance 
of what has been related, bewailing and lamenting her 
egregious folly, and weeping bitterly for it, desiring to 
be truly humble before God and man, so long as she 
had a day to live. She blessed God that he did not 
snatch her out of the world in the time of her presump- 
tuous pride and folly, and cast her into the lake of fire 
and brimstone, in which all liars have a part. She desir- 
ed all might be warned by her folly to avoid the like. 
She further desired me to draw up something agreeable 
to the discourse I then had with her, and to read it (in 
form of a confession) to the congregation of God's 
people ; and she promised she would be present publick- 
ly to own and acknowledge the same. I complied with 


her request, and after sermon read her confession, while 
she stood in view of the people, and signified her consent 
unto it. Her humble acknowledgment and penitent 
confession being thus free and voluntary, and her heart, 
which was shut up and hardened, being thus opened and 
tender, I looked upon this change wrought on her as a 
work of God's holy spirit, which I hoped would prove 
saving ; and lest she should be swallowed up with over 
much sorrow, admitted her to our holy fellowship 
and communion ; and, so far as I know, she has ever 
since behaved as a good Christian. May she prove an 
eminent one, and answer the just expectations of God 
and his people concerning her ! 

Nothing further remains, but (7thly) to make some 
inferences and reflections. And whoso is wise will ob- 
serve these things, and be made wiser and better by 
them. We see by this example what a world of sin and 
sorrow the indulging of pride and a foolish curiosity will 
lead people unto. Who could have thought that telling 
of idle stories would have come to such a story as this ! 
A little spark will kindle a great fire, and it is difficult to 
stop after we have begun a sinful course. 'Tis the safest 
way, therefore, to leave off every sin, as the wise man 
bids us do anger, (Prov. 17. 14.) before it be meddled 
with. Would you enjoy a quiet mind and conscience, 
maintain your innocence, avoid the appearance of evil, 
abstain even from those things that are capable of mis- 
construction. Young people would do wisely now to lay 
aside all their foolish books, their trifling ballads, and all ro- 
mantick accounts of dreams and trances, senseless palm- 
istry and groundless astrology. Don't so much as look 
into these things. Read those that are useful to increase 
you in knowledge, human and divine, and which are more 
entertaining to an ingenious mind. Truth is the food of 
an immortal soul. Feed not any longer on the fabulous 
husks of falsehood. Never use any of the devil's play- 
things ; there are much better recreations than legerde- 
main tricks. Turn not the sieve, &c. to know futuri- 
ties ; 'tis one of the greatest mercies of heaven that we 
are ignorant of them. You only gratify Satan, and invite 


him into your company to deceive you. Nothing that ap- 
pears by this means is to be depended on. 

The horse shoe is a vain thing, and has no natural 
tendency to keep off witches or evil spirits from the 
houses or vessels they are nailed too. If Satan should by 
such means defend you from lesser dangers, 'tis to make 
way for greater ones, and get fuller possession of your 
hearts. 'Tis an evil thing to hang witch papers on the 
neck for the cure of the agues, to bind up the weapon in- 
stead of the wound, and many things of the like nature, 
which some in the world are fond of. Be warned against 
thus trading with the devil, lest you barter away your 
soul for some worldly advantage. Those who allow 
themselves in such practices, are the most likely persons 
to covenant with the devil. Again, we learn from this 
relation what a state of gross ignorance many of the world 
are in at this clay. The follies of children are deemed 
witchcraft, and their enterprises supernatural ! What a 
cloud has the fall brought upon the human understand- 
ing! Alas! how ignorant must we needs be of Satan's 
devices, if those of children cannot be seen through by 
us ! If we can't dive to the bottom of their shallow de- 
signs and actions, we are certainly in great danger of fall- 
ing into the snares and depths of Satan. Let this humble 
our pride, and overcome our self conceit ; teach us low- 
liness of mind, and make us think soberly. 

Again, we learn from this relation what method to use 
with our children, if ever they should appear in the like 
circumstances with these children. To shew this was one 
great end of my telling the story, that ignorant persons 
and masters may be instructed, and that such as have 
knowledge might be excited unto their duty. You 
must not indulge your children, you must not encourage 
them, you must not suffer sin upon them. 

The rod of correction may sometimes be properly and 
seasonably applied to drive this folly far from them. 
The various tempers of children must be consulted, for 
these will call for a different management ; but be sure 
to hold on suspecting them. Take this for a rule— Be 


as watchful and careful to find them out, as if you knew 
they had a design to deceive you. 

It was unguarded tenderness and affection that encour- 
aged the children you have been reading of in their 
course of folly and wickedness. If parents and near 
relations will stand by and comfort such, they wo'n't care 
for all the world of strangers that come to see and help 
them. Again we learn, from this story, that Divine 
Providence seldom suffers such flagrant wickedness to 
pass wholly undiscovered and unpunished. Whatever 
arts or stratagems they may use to conceal their sins or 
put them out of remembrance, it is impossible so to 
stifle and hide them, but that conscience, and the word 
of God may, some time or other, bring them to mind, 
and give them a bitter remorse. The judgments of 
Providence have often brought sinners to confess and dis- 
cover their sins, as well as punished them for them. 
God's providences fulfil those threatenings of his word — 
140 Psalm, 11 — Evil will haunt the wicked to over- 
throw him : 64 Psalm 8 — Their own tongues shall be 
made to fall upon themselves. If we look back upon 
this story, we may see the holy, and wise, and good 
providence of God at work to discover the truth, to 
clear the innocent and bring the guilty to repentance, to 
instruct the world. Who would have thought of such 
a discovery eight or nine years after these things were 
acted? His judgments are unsearchable, and his ways 
past finding out ; but our ways and doings are ever be- 
fore him. The unquiet consciences of sinners have 
sometimes been such flaming evidences against them, as 
to force a confession of their sins from them, and oblige 
them to make full discoveries. So Joseph's brethren 
(in the 42d chapter Genesis, 21 v.) said one to another, 
We are verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we 
saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we 
would not hear. We are verily guilty, is the cry of con- 
science in every sinner's breast. There's no appeasing 
or quieting of it. Expellas furca licet usque recurrat. 
It will regain its power and recover its force, and fall 
upon him with greater violence and fury. So these sis- 


ters said one to another, We shall some time or another be 
found out, for we are guilty. Lastly, the word of God, 
the hammer which breaketh the rock to pieces, when 
accompanied with the holy spirit, convinces of sin, of 
righteousness and judgment ; and is the power of God 
to salvation. We read, in Heb. 4. 12, It is quick, and 
powerful, sharper than any two edged sword, piercing 
even to the dividing asunder of the soul and spirit, and 
is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. 
There are many other glorious characters and encomi- 
ums given of it, the highest of which it well deserves ; 
and many wonderful effects it has produced, which we 
have read of and beheld. This was the mighty engine, 
in the hand of God, for the discovery of this wicked 
plot, as is very seriously affirmed by the persons con- 
cerned. 'Twas the foolishness of preaching. Let none 
then despise prophesyings, but duly and conscientiously 
attend the word, and not neglect the great salvation. 
Forsake not the assembling yourselves together, as the 
manner of some is. None know what they lose by un- 
necessarily staying at home. It is, you see, a good thing 
to draw near unto God. Let us give thanks unto God 
for his written and preached word, and praise its power, 
which has brought this story to our hands. To con- 
clude, let us give honor to the Son of God, our Sa- 
viour, who was manifested for this purpose, that he 
might destroy the works of the devil. May he hasten 
the accomplishment of that prophecy and promise, which 
in his times he will show who is the blessed and only 
potentate. Rev. 20, 1, 2, 3 — I saw an angel come 
down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit, 
and a great chain in his hand. And he laid hold on the 
dragon, that old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, 
and bound him a thousand years, and cast him into the 
bottomless pit, and set a seal upon him, that he should 
deceive the nations no more. 



J_ HE General Courts of Massachusetts Bay, from the year 1630, 
when the charter was brought over, and the government transferred 
fiom the company in England to the inhabitants here, consisted of 
all the freemen of the colony. On 14 May, 1(534, it was for the 
first time held by twenty-four deputies from the towns, each send- 
ing three. Those from this town, with much care and great labour 
collected from the colony records, which in some years are lost, and 
the town records, which are silent about the four first elections and 
some, of the succeeding, are herein exhibited. Small capitals are 
» used for the first appearance, and large capitals denote that the 
gentleman was at some time speaker. 2. 

1634. May 14. John Coggeshall, Edmund 
Quincy, Capt. John Underhill. 

1634. 5. March 4. Coggeshall, William Colburn, 

Richard Bellingham. 

1635. May 6. Coggeshall, Colburn, William Hut- 

Sept. 2. Colburn, Hutchinson, Wm. Brenton. 
March 3. Colburn, Hutchinson, Brenton. 

1636. May 25. Coggeshall, Hutchinson, Brenton. 
Sept. 8. Coggeshall, Hutchinson, Brenton. 
Dec. 7. Coggeshall, Colburn, Brenton. 

1637. April 18. Coggeshall, Colburn, Brenton. 
May 17. Henry Vane, William Codding- 

ton, Atherton Hough. 
Sept. 26. Coddington, Hough, William As- 


For the Court 2 Nov. following, Coggeshall, Codding- 
ton and Aspinwall were chosen by the town, 16 Oct. 
But the General Court, having dismissed and disfranchis- 
ed Coggeshall and Aspinwall, in the violent heats of the 
Antinomian controversy, sent warrant to Boston to elect 
others in their room. 6 Nov. the town chose Colburn 


and John Oliver. The latter was in the same con- 
demnation with the majority of Boston people, and he 
was dismissed. But whether the Court had too much 
discretion to insult the town by a warrant for a third 
election, or whether the town had too much spirit to 
choose another, is unknown. 

1637,8. March 12. Hough, Oliver, John Newgate. 
1638. May 2. Hough, Oliver, ROBERT KEAYNE. 
Sept. 6. Hough, Newgate, Keayne. 

1638. 9. March 13. Hough, Keayne, Edward Gib- 


From this time, for above forty years, Boston was al- 
lowed only two members, and it became common to 
choose for six months. 

1639. May 22. Keayne, Gibbons. 

Sept. 4. Gibbons, William Tyng. 

1640. May 13. Gibbons, Tyng. 

Oct. 7. Tyng, William Hibbins. 

1641. June 2. Tyng, Hibbins. 
Oct. 8. Gibbons, Tyng. 

It now became common to choose deputies for a year. 

1642. Gibbons, Tyng. 

1643. Gibbons, Tyng. 

1644. Gibbons, Thomas Hawkins. 

1645. Keayne, Gibbons. [Gibbons. 

1646. Keayne, Gibbons ; but in Nov. Tynff in lieu of 

1647. Gibbons, Tyng. 

1648. Keayne, James Penn. 

1649. Keayne, Penn. 

1650. Anthony Stoddard, Thomas Marshall. 

1652. Leverett, Clark. 

1653. Leverett, Clark. 

1654. Clark, THOMAS SAVAGE. 

1655. Clark, Savage. 


1656. Clark, Savage. 

1657. Clark, Savage. 

165S. Clark, Edward Hutchinson. 

1659. Stoddard, Savage. 

1660. Stoddard, Savage. 

1661. Savage, Edward Tyng. 

1662. Savage, Tyng. 

1663. Leverett, Clark. 

1664. Leverett, Clark. 

1665. Leverett, Clark. 

1666. Stoddard, Clark. 

1667. Stoddard, Clark. 

1668. Stoddard, Clark. 

1669. Stoddard, Clark. 

1670. Stoddard, Clark. 

1671. Stoddard, Clark. 

1672. Stoddard, Clark. 

1673. Stoddard, Thomas Clark, jun. 

1674. Stoddard, Clark. 

1675. Stoddard, Clark. 

1676. Stoddard, Clark. 

1677. Stoddard, Savage. 

1678. Stoddard, Savage. 

1679. Stoddard, JOHN RICHARDS. 

1680. Stoddard, Elisha Hutchinson^ 

1681. Stoddard, Hutchinson, ELISHA COOKE. 

1682. Stoddard, Hutchinson, Cooke. 

1683. Stoddard, Hutchinson, Cooke. 

1684. Stoddard, JOHN SAFFYN, John Fayer- 


1685. Saffyn, ISAAC ADD1NGTON, Timothy 


1686. Saffyn, Prout, PENN TOWNSEND. 

Now came the usurpation of charter privileges under 
Governour Sir Edmund Andros. In 1689 was a glorious 

1689. May. THOMAS OAKES, James Taylor, 
John Clark, Theophilus Frary. 

vol. x. 5 


1689. December. Prout, Townsend, Oakes, Adam 


The proceedings, it is well known, were quite irregu- 
lar until the new charter of William and Mary arrived ; 
but Courts were held, and Boston representatives were 

1690. Prout, Townsend, Clark, Frary. 

1691. Prout, Townsend, Frary, Winthrop. 

1692. Prout, Townsend, Frary, Winthrop. 

After Sir William Phips's arrival, all the towns were 
allowed, by the charter of William and Mary, to send two. 

1692. June. Townsend, Frary. 

Boston, by the first statute under the new charter, 
was allowed four, and thenceforward till the revolution 
in 1775. 

1693. May. Townsend, Frary, Taylor, John Eyer. 
Sept. Townsend, Taylor, Eyer, Daniel Al- 

Nov. Townsend, Frary, Edward Brom- 
field, Timothy Thornton. 

1694. Townsend, Frary, Bromfield, Thornton. 

1695. Townsend, Frary, Bromfield, Thornton. 

1696. Townsend, Eyer, Nathaniel Byfield, Na- 

thaniel Oliver. 

1697. Townsend, Byfield, Samuel Legg, Joseph 


1698. Townsend, Eyer, Byfield, Legg. 

1699. Frary, Eyer, Andrew Belcher, John 


1700. Timothy Clark, Isaiah Tay, James Barns, 

Bezoun Allen. 

1701. Oliver, Legg, Belcher, White. 

1702. Legg, Belcher, White, Samuel Checkley. 

1703. Oakes, Legg, Checkley, Ephraim Savage. 

1704. Oakes, Checkley, Savage, Elizur Holyoke. 


1705. Oakes, Checkley, Savage, Holyoke. 

1706. Oakes, Checkley, Savage, Holyoke. 

1707. Oakes, Checkley, Savage, Holyoke. 

1708. Barns, Savage, JOHN CLARK, Thomas 


1709. Barns, Clark, Hutchinson, Thomas Fitch. 

1710. Barns, Savage, Clark, Hutchinson. 

1711. Clark, Hutchinson, Fitch, Addingtqn Da- 


1712. Clark, Hutchinson, Fitch, Davenport. 

1713. Clark, Hutchinson, Fitch, Davenport. 

1714. Clark, Hutchinson, Adam Winthrop, Oliver 

1712. Winthrop, Noyes, William Payne, ELISHA 
COOKE, jun. 

1716. Noyes, Payne, Cooke, Anthony Stoddard. 

1717. Tay, Edward Hutchinson, Joseph Wads- 

worth, Habijah Savage. 

1718. Tay, Hutchinson, Wads worth, Savage, 

1719. Tay, Noyes, Cooke, William Clarke. 

1720. May. Tay, Noyes, Cooke, W. Clarke. 
July. J. Clark, Noyes, Cook, W. Clarke. 

1721. May. J. Clark, Cooke, W. Clarke, William 

Aug. J. Clark, Cook, W. Clarke, Hutchinson. 

1722. Tay, J. Clark, Cook, W. Clarke. 

1723. Tay, J. Clark, Cooke, Ezekiel Lewis. 

1724. Tay, J. Clark, Lewis, Thomas Cushing. 

1725. Tay, W. Clarke, Lewis, Cushing. 

1726. Wadsworth, Lewis, Cushing, John Ballan- 


1727. Wadsworth, Lewis, Cushing, Nathaniel 

November. Cooke, Lewis, Cushing, Samuel 

1728. Cooke, Lewis, Cushing, Welles. 

1729. Cooke, Lewis, Cushing, Welles. 

1730. Cooke, Lewis, Cushing, Welles. 

1731. Feb. Cooke, Lewis, Cushing, Welles. 
May. - Cooke, Lewis, Cushing, Welles. 


1732. Cooke, Savage, Cushing, Welles. 

1733. Cooke, Cushing, Welles, Oxenbridge Thach- 


1734. Cooke, Cushing, Welles, Thacher. 

1735. Cooke, Thacher, Timothy Prout, THOMAS 

CUSHING, jun. 

1736. Cooke, Thacher, Prout, Cushing, jun. 

1737. Cooke, Prout, Cushing, jun. THOMAS HUT- 

CHINSON, jun. 
After Cooke's death, John Wheelwright 
was chosen for next session. 

1738. Cushing, jun. Hutchinson, jun. John Read, 

Samuel Sewall. 

1739. Cushing, jun. Edward Bromfield, James 

Allen, Christopher Kilby ; and Kilby 
going agent to England, for next session 
Nathaniel Cunningham was chosen. 

1740. Cushing, jun. Hutchinson, Bromfield, Allen. 

1741. Prout, Cushing, Bromfield, Allen. 

1742. Prout, Cushing, Bromfield, Allen. 

1743. Prout, Cushing, Hutchinson, Andrew Oliver. 

1744. Prout, Cushing, Hutchinson, Oliver. 

1745. Welles, Cushing, Hutchinson, Oliver. 

1746. Welles, Hutchinson, Oliver, THOMAS HUB- 


1747. Hutchinson, Allen, Hubbard, Samuel Adams. 

1748. Hutchinson, Allen, Hubbard, John Tyng. 

1749. Allen, Hubbard, Tyng, Samuel Waldo. 

1750. Allen, Hubbard, Tyng, Harrison Gray. 

1 75 1 . Allen, Hubbard, Tyng, Gray. 

1752. Allen, Hubbard, Tyng, Gray. 

1753. Welles, Allen, Hubbard, James Bowdoin. 

1754. Welles, Allen, Hubbard, Bowdoin. 

1755. Hubbard, Tyng, Bowdoin, William Cooper. 

1756. Welles, Hubbard, Tyng, Thomas Flucker. 

1757. Hubbard, Tyng, Flucker, Benjamin Pratt. 

1758. Hubbard, Tyng, Flucker, Pratt. 

1759. Hubbard, Tyng, Flucker, Pratt. 

1760. Welles, Flucker, Royall Tyler, John Phil- 



1761 . Tyler, Phillips, JAMES OTIS, jun. THOMAS 


1762. Tyler, Phillips, Otis, jun. Cushing. 

1763. Tyler, Otis, jun. Cushing, Oxenbridge 

Thacher, jun. 

1764. Tyler, Otis, jun. Cushing, Thacher, jun. 

1765. Otis, jun. Cushing, Thacher, jun. Thomas 


1766. Otis, , jun. Cushing, Samuel Adams, John 


1767. Otis, jun. Cushing, Adams, Hancock. 

1768. Otis, jun. Cushing, Adams, Hancock. 

1769. Otis, jun. Cushing, Adams, Hancock. • 

1770. Bowdoin, Cushing, Adams, Hancock. 

1771. Otis, jun. Cushing, Adams, Hancock. 

1772. Cushing, Adams, Hancock, William Phil- 


1773. Cushing, Adams, Hancock, Phillips. 

1774. Cushing, Adams, Hancock, Phillips. 

to the rev. dr. holmes. 

Rochester, Sept. 25, 1821. 

1 TAKE the liberty to present to you a short topogra- 
phical sketch of the town of Rochester in the county of 
Plymouth. I am sensible that, in the fourth volume of 
the new series of the publications of your Society, there 
is a topographical description of that town, and 1 have 
read the same with great pleasure and satisfaction, and 
the account there given 1 think is correct in all its parts. 
But as there are many particulars, which could not be 
known to the writer of that account, 1 thought I would 
sketch out some of those particulars, which might serve 
as an appendix ; which I have done, and which I now, 


with a rough draught of the town, present to you, that 
you may (if you think proper) communicate the same to 
the Society. 

I am, Sir, 

With due respect, 
Yours &c. 



JL HIS town is situated in the south-westerly corner of 
the county of Plymouth, and is bounded on the north 
by Middleborough, on the east by Wareham, on the 
west by Fair Haven, on the south by Buzzard's Bay. 
Its breadth is about six miles, from east to west, and 
its mean length about nine or ten miles, though, to the 
extremity of some points running into the sea, it is far- 
ther, and from the heads of some coves it is not so far. 

The soil in this town is very variant. Near the centre 
it is a light sandy soil, tolerable for tillage, but indifferent 
for grazing. Some parts of the town are rocky, iron- 
bound, unfit for cultivation, and will probably be kept 
for wood : in other parts the soil is luxuriant, and pro- 
duces good crops of grass. On the sea shore are con- 
siderable margins of salt marsh, without which it would 
be difficult to keep the stock of cattle necessary for the 
use of its inhabitants. The town never produces a suf- 
ficiency of corn for its own consumption ; large quanti- 
ties are imported from the southern states. As much 
pork is made as is consumed, but part of the beef is 
supplied from the western counties. Little or no wheat 
is raised here, but large quantities of flour are imported 
from New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Alexandria. 


The principal manufacture in this town is salt. 
This business is carried on on an extensive scale, and it 
is believed that more salt is manufactured in this town 
than in any other town in the commonwealth ; and it is 
the most productive of any business here practised. 
Here is one forge for making iron, but the scarcity ot 
water in a great measure cramps its usefulness in the 
summer season. Here is also one furnace which, in the 
winter season, does much business. There are nine 
saw mills in this town, the operations of all which are 
confined to the fall, winter and spring seasons. There 
are also nine corn mills, but two of which grind any in 
the summer. Ship building is a very considerable 
branch of business in this town. Four ships, besides 
sundry smaller vessels, have been built here this season, 
most of which were built for foreign markets. Potash 
was formerly manufactured in this town, but that has 
long been discontinued. 

Parochial Divisions. 
This town was originally one entire parish. The Rev. 
Samuel Arnold was the first minister. The records 
of that time are lost ; but it is supposed that he died 
pretty early in the eighteenth century. In the year 1710 
the Rev. Timothy Ruggles was here settled in the minis- 
try. While he was the minister, the population of the 
town increased, and the inhabitants of the south-westerly 
part of the town, living remote from the place of publick 
worship, proposed to be set off in a distinct parish. The 
residue of the town, convinced of the propriety of the 
measure, gave their consent ; and they were accordingly 
incorporated by metes and bounds about the year 1733, 
and the Rev. Ivory Hovey was ordained their minister. 
This parish contains that part of the town, which still 
retains the Indian name of Mattapoisett. Mr. Hovey 
was a very pious and useful minister, yet nevertheless 
some internal difficulties arose in the parish, and in 1767 
he thought proper to ask a dismission, which was grant- 
ed; and he afterwards settled in the south parish in 


Plymouth, where he remained the minister until he died, 
at the advanced age of more than ninety years. In 
January, 1772, the Rev. Lemuel Le Baron was settled 
in the ministry in this parish, who is still their minister. 

In the original parish, the Rev. Mr. Ruggles remained 
the minister until the year 1768, when he died in No- 
vember. In the preceding September, the Rev. Jona- 
than Moore was ordained a colleague with him. During 
the ministration of Mr. Ruggles, an unhappy controver- 
sy arose between him and Noah Sprague, Esq. which 
terminated in the erection of a poll parish, taking in the 
north-westerly part of (he town, and some who lived in 
the immediate neighbourhood of the meeting-house of 
the first parish, a part of Middleborough and a part of 
Freetown. In this parish the Rev. Thomas West was 
ordained the minister, about the year 1748. In the first 
parish a great degree of unanimity prevailed until the 
year 1 788, when an unhappy difficulty arose between the 
Rev. Mr. Moore, the minister, and Major Earl Clapp, a 
leading man in the church and parish. This difficulty, 
though personal in its commencement, very soon became 
general, and a more spirited controversy seldom if ever was 
known. This terminated in the dismissal of Mr. Moore, 
and in February, 1 799, the Rev. Oliver Cobb was settled 
as the minister of that parish and of another parish in said 
town, the origin of which will be narrated in the sequel 
of this narrative. 

It has herein been stated that a poll parish had been 
established in the north-westerly part of this town, &c, 
and that the Rev. Thomas West had been settled its 
minister. Mr. West remained their minister until about 
the year 1781, though before this time some of the 
leading members of his church and parish grew dissatis- 
fied with his doctrine, and some of them went off and 
joined the Baptist connexion ; and at this time his ad- 
vanced age, and the infirmities incident thereto, induced 
him to ask a dismission, which was granted. The mem- 
bers of this poll parish now found themselves, on account 
of diminutions, to be incompetent to settle a minister. 
They negociated with the first parish, in the year 1791, 


and agreed with them for a division line between that 
precinct and them, by which they relinquished a number 
that belonged to the poll parish, and took in a larger 
number by metes and bounds, which had belonged to 
the first parish. They then applied to the Legislature, 
and obtained an act of incorporation, making a territorial 
parish, taking in a part of the first and second parishes in 
Middleborough and a part of Freetown. In 1793 they 
settled the Rev. Calvin Chaddock as their minister. Mr. 
Chaddock remained their minister for a number of years, 
(nine or ten) when, on account of some difficulties, he 
voluntarily asked a dismission, which was granted. Since 
that time there has been no settled minister ; but they 
have employed a number of ministers from time to time 
to preach to them. More than half the people, who 
live within the limits of this parish, are of different 
denominations of Christians from those who procured 
the act of incorporation. 

In the year 1798 a number of the inhabitants of the 
south-easterly part of the first parish, living remote from 
the place of publick worship, having built a meeting- 
house, petitioned the Legislature to be incorporated into 
a distinct parish ; the first parish accompanying said pe- 
tition with a certificate that they had no objection to the 
prayer of said petition. They were accordingly incor- 
porated. These petitioners had no idea of settling a 
minister by themselves, but of joining with the first 
parish in settling one, who should preach alternately in 
each meeting-house. They accordingly joined in settling 
Mr. Cobb, as before mentioned ; but they have a church 
separately in said parish ; and a considerable part of 
both parishes can attend each meeting, the meeting- 
houses being only four miles distant from each other. 

A very considerable part of the inhabitants of this 
town are Baptists or Quakers ; but Catholicism so far 
prevails that no considerable inconvenience arises there- 
from. In the election of any kind of officer, no atten- 
tion is paid to the particular denomination of Christians 
to which the candidate belongs. An incorporated Bap- 
tist society is in the south-westerly part of the town, 

vol. x. 6 


who have a meeting-house ; and a number more in the 
north-westerly part of the town are incorporated with a 
Baptist society in the northerly part of Fair Haven. 
Most of the people in the north-easterly part of the town 
belong to a Baptist society in Middleborough, and in 
the south-easterly part of the town a number of Bap- 
tists have associated together. In the north-westerly part 
of the town a number are of the denomination of Qua- 
kers, and attend religious worship in the northerly part of 
Fair Haven. About two miles south-easterly from the 
centre of the town stands an ancient Friends' meeting- 
house ; but the society has for a great number of years 
been gradually decreasing, and about five years since 
their publick speaker died at an advanced age, and it 
was thought the society would become extinct; but about 
that time a young gentleman, who had recently assum- 
ed a religious character, embraced their religious sen- 
timents ; altered his dialect and dress accordingly ; re- 
signed his commissions as a justice of the peace and a 
captain in the militia, joined their society, and became 
a publick speaker. This event has had a considerable 
effect on the society. If it has not increased their 
numbers, it has called the luke-warm into activity ; has 
brought to the meeting, occasionally, many of the lead- 
ing people of that denomination from New Bedford and 
Fair Haven, and has brought to attend meeting some 
who before that were contented with their private de- 
votion at home, and will doubtless be the means of 
perpetuating the society. In the second parish some 
of the Congregational order, who had a degree of dis- 
like to their minister's preaching, joined with a number 
of the Baptist denomination ; and a few Universalians 
built, the present year, a meeting-house but a small dis- 
tance from the parish meeting-house. This house is 
not claimed by any particular denomination, but is open 
to all without exception. 

Quitticus Pond is on the north-westerly corner of this 
town ; a small part of the north end is in Middleborough, 


and a small part on the west li^s in Freetown. This 
pond is pretty well stored with pickerel and perch. For- 
merly large quantities of alewives went into it through 
a small brook from Assawamsett Pond ; but very few 
pass now. A part of Assawamsett Pond lies on the 
north side of this town, and the line of the town crosses 
two islands of considerable bigness in this pond. Assa- 
wamsett Pond is the largest collection of water in 
Massachusetts. Its length, from north to south, is 
about six miles ; its breadth in some places nearly four 
miles ; but the width is very variant. At one place, 
called Long Point, in the summer, the width is not more 
than tree rods. At this place there is a bridge. At 
another place, about a, mile from this, a point of land 
but a rod or two wide runs across the pond, lacking 
about two rods. Over tjiis was formerly a bridge, 
which has now gone to decay. In this pond is a vast 
quantity of iron ore, which increases nearly as fast as 
it is dug. In the southerly part of this pond are large 
quantities of fish, such as pickerel, white fish, perch, 
roaches, chubs, horn fish ; and vast quantities of sea 
or white perch are taken in the fall of the year, when 
the young alewives can be had for bait, which is the 
only bait which can be used with success. The land 
on the southerly side of this pond is very uneven and 
hilly, and the bottom of the pond is as uneven as the 
land to which it is adjacent. It is not uncommon for 
water to be from ten to twenty-five feet deep, and 
within a few rods to be not more than three or four 
feet deep. This pond is the source of Namasket River, 
which is a considerable branch of Taunton River. Snip- 
tecot Pond is wholly in this town. The seat of this 
pond may be considered as the height of land. Snip- 
tecot Brook runs north out of this pond into Assa- 
wamsett Pond, and may be considered as the first 
source of Taunton River. Mattapoisett River runs 
south out of the southerly part of this pond. A few 
rods south of this pond lies Long Pond, nearly a mile 
in length, and from five to twenty rods in width. Here 



are large pickerel, but tjiey are of a muddy taste. Not 
far from this, to the southward, lies Snow's Pond, which 
has no visible connexion with any other water. This 
pond is deep and has some fish. It contains perhaps 
thirty-five or forty acres. On the right hand of the road 
from Rochester to Plymouth lies Merry's Pond, a most 
beautiful sheet of water, and is nearly as round as a 
circle. In this pond are a few fish of the minor species. 
There is no natural inlet or outlet to this pond ; but a 
few years since the town, at the expense of $100, cut 
a canal from it to Sippican River, hoping to induce the 
alewives into the pond. No success attended the at- 
tempt. This pond is about three quarters of a mile in 

There is no run of water in this town, which ge- 
ographers would call a river ; but there are two, which 
are complimented with that name by the inhabitants. 
The first is Mattapoisett River, which issues out of 
Sniptecot Pond, and empties into the sea at Mattapoisett 
Harbour, after running about eight miles, including its 
windings. On this stream stand three corn mills and 
four saw mills, two of which only keep up the pond in 
the summer, both of which are on the same dam. This 
stream, though small, is of some consequence, besides 
what results from the mills, namely, on account of the 
alewife fishery. The privilege of taking said fish in 
said river, the inhabitants are by law authorized to sell, 
which brings into the treasury about $400 annually. 
It would be much more productive, if the taking the 
fish illegally could be effectually prevented. The other 
is Sippican River, on which stands three corn mills, 
three saw mills, one forge, one fulling mill, one trip- 
hammer shop, and one foundry. There are sundry 
other rivulets, on some of which mills are erected. In 
the north part of the town is a furnace (called Stillwater 
furnace, on account of the sluggishness of the stream.) 
It stands on Black River, which rises in Middleborough, 


and only the south-easterly end of it is in Rochester. 
Its operation is confined to the winter season, and then 
it is very productive. 

This town supports twenty-four months of publick 
schools in a year, besides about thirty-two private schools 
in the spring, summer and fall, and about sixteen private 
schools in the winter season. Writing is brought to 
great perfection in this town, and there are few people 
in this town, who are not pretty well instructed in 
reading, writing and arithmetick. There are not many 
who have received collegiate education that belong to 
this town for fifty years last past. Samuel West, D. D. 
Benjamin W r est, John Sprague, Zepheniah Briggs, Tho- 
mas Hammond, Mead, Elnathan Haskell, Anselm 

Bassett, William Ruggles and Nathaniel Cobb are all 
that are now recollected by the writer. It is believed 
that the late Brigadier Ruggles was the first native of 
this town, who received a collegiate education. After 
him John Sprague, the late chief justice of the county 
of Worcester, had a collegiate education ; and it is not 
now remembered that any other inhabitant of this town 
has had a publick education. 

It appears that this town was incorporated in 1686, 
but the oldest records that are now to be found go no 
further back than 1697. Their first representative ap- 
pears to have been chosen in 1718, namely, John Ham- 
mond. The whole number of different representatives 
which they have chosen is twenty-eight, and as late as 
1786, they had had but fourteen different representatives. 
The reason why the number has so increased since is not 
owing to the frequent changes ; but sometimes they have 
chosen two, sometimes three, and once four. The 
whole number of town clerks, which this town has had 
is eleven. The whole number of justices, which have 
been appointed in town, is thirty ; five of whom have 
been of the quorum, and one through the common- 


wealth. There are in said town fifteen merchants' shops 
or stores. 

A considerable number of the inhabitants go to the 
southern states to spend the winter season ; some me- 
chanicks to work at their respective trades ; a number 
of masters of vessels, with their crews, to coast up and 
down in the rivers. Some go for piloting ; and when 
they arrive there, they are sure of having the preference. 
This southern business is far from being unproductive. 
The whole of the adventurers two years ago returned 
with about $75,000, the result of their business. 

The prudential affairs of the town are conducted by 
a board of three selectmen, who are generally the asses- 
sors of taxes. The collection of taxes is annually sold to 
the lowest bidder, who is holden to procure securities to 
the selectmen's satisfaction ; and then he is chosen con- 
stable, and is to warn all town meetings free of fees. 
The demands against the town are adjusted annually 
by a committee of nine chosen annually for that purpose. 
For a long time the poor of the town were billeted out 
separately to those who would support them cheapest; 
and some were partially assisted by the selectmen, as 
occasion required. But in this mode the number of 
the poor and the expense of supporting them had so 
alarmingly increased, that the town totally altered the 
system, provided a poor house, and appointed an over- 
seer, and by that means have greatly diminished the 
expense ; and it is hoped that some improvement in the 
system will still further relieve the inhabitants from this 
kind of expense. Two years ago the accounts allowed 
by the committee on accounts amounted to $1515,77. 
This year the amount was a little above $600. 


The number of inhabitants is something rising of 

three thousand. The exact number I do not presume 

to ascertain; for there is a variance between the number 

as taken by the officer in the last census, and that taken 


by the constable the same year; and which is most 
correct the writer of this does not undertake to deter- 
mine. About one thirtieth part of the population of this 
town are above seventy years of age ;* the hundred 
thirty-ninth part are above eighty years of age ; and 
the five hundredth part are above ninety ; and within 
one year last past, six persons of more than eighty years 
of age have died or removed out of town. In the spring 
of the year 1816, a fiftieth part of the population of this 
town were swept away by an epidemick distemper. 
Owing to emigrations the increase of the population 
of this town has been very slow. In 1784 the popula- 
tion was a little rising of two thousand four hundred. 

ENGLAND, MAY 8, 1734. t 

Dear Sir, 

iVlY friends at New England will forgive me if I am 
not so punctual and express in my present answer to 
their last letters ; for having made a slow and long work 
of the removal of our abode to Newington, near London, 
my papers are not all so ready at my command as they 
will be. Yours of last October is before me, and I 
thank you for the account you give me of the affairs 

* The number of persons in Rochester, who are more than seventy years of 
age, is one hundred thirty and one. 

t This letter was given to me by Asahel Stearns, Esq. professor of law in 
Harvard College. It was probably written to Rev. Dr. Colman, or Rev. 
Thomas Prince, both of whom corresponded with Dr. Watts. What is said 
of Gov. Belcher shews the effect of the calumnies which his enemies had cir- 
culated in England. The dissenters in England must for a time have detested 
or distrusted him ; especially until the anonymous letter sent to Mr. Holden, 
purporting to be from some of the principal ministers of Boston, was proved 
to be a forgery. [Vide Hutchinson's Hist. Mass. II. 356.] 

Professor Stearns, if I recollect rightly, found this letter in a book belong- 
ing to the library of Harvard College. This does not lessen the probability 
that it was addressed as above suggested. Both the gentlemen mentioned 
were doubtless in the practice of taking books from the library. J. D. 

January 25, 1820. 


there, and for every sermon I have received from you. 
In the little books I now send, I must beg the favour of 
your distribution of them ; being very seldom in Lon- 
don, except Lord's days, I must put them all together, 
and send them by one hand. If the honourable gover- 
nour should hereafter inquire, how I came to omit the 
poem addressed to him among this collection, if you 
cannot avoid the question, then, in as soft a manner as 
possible, let the true reason be known, (viz.) that the 
unhappy differences between him and the people have 
given occasion for hard things to be said of him here, 
almost in all companies where his name is mentioned, 
and I was not willing to give new opportunities of calum- 
ny and reproach against a gentleman who has so many 
valuable qualities. 

You inquire my age. I am near sixty ; but a great 
part of my life has been worn out with sickness and 
wasted under incapacities ; otherwise, perhaps, I might 
have been so voluminous an author as to have overloaded 
the world. I thank God who has given me any powers 
to write while I can preach so little, and has made my 
writings in any measure accepted and useful. May the 
God of grace be ever with you, and render all your la- 
bours so successful that they may be crowned with abun- 
dant fruit in this and the future world. 

Yours in all affectionate esteem and service, 


May 8th, 1734. 

P. S. Since this was written I found yours of Sept 
last, wherein I must excuse myself from the compliments 
you pour out upon me. May the good Spirit of Holi- 
ness be sent down among you in answer to the appointed 
days of prayer you mention. 



Preliminary Remark. 
OEVERAL things stated in the writer's Account of 
Plain field have an equal reference to this place. These 
it is not thought necessary to repeat. 


The name is derived from Col. John Cummings of 
Concord, who purchased this town of the General Court, 
June 2, 1762. 

Situation and Extent. 
Cummington is a post town, in the north-west part of 
Hampshire county, about seven miles long, and three 
broad. It is bounded north by Plainfield and Ashfield, 
east by Goshen, south by Chesterfield and Worthington, 
and west by Peru and Windsor in Berkshire county. 


It is situated on a ridge of mountains, and owing to 
the abrupt declivities of the hills, the pastures and woods 
may be viewed as a picture. These hills, when robed 
in green, decked with sunbeams, and enriched with 
flocks, afford a prospect, which to the eye of taste, is 
even enchanting. 

Westfield River, a considerable stream, rising in Wind- 
sor, runs through this town in a south-east direction, 
and empties into the Connecticut at Westfield. It 
was by the Indians called Agawam. There are two 
tanneries, three woollen factories, a cotton factory, six 
saw mills, three grain mills, and a mill for cleaning clover 
seed, the most of them on this stream. 

vol. x. 7 


Geology and Mineralogy. 
Mica slate is the prevailing rock in this place, and, in- 
deed, in this part of the country. The strata are verti- 
cal, and their direction is north and south, generally va- 
rying a little from west to east. This rock is often used 
for jambs, hearths, and door stones, and is sometimes so 
fine that handsome grave stones are made of it. Beau- 
tiful sienite is found on the summit of Deer Hill and 
elsewhere. A quarry of soap-stone of a good quality, 
though rather difficult to be worked, is opened in the 
west part of the town. Very fine specimens of chlorite, 
actynolite and talc are found at the same place. The 
talc is translucent, in laminated masses, frequently curv- 
ed or undulated ; its colour, which is very delicate, is a 
greenish white. Beautiful stauratide is found at Keith's 
Hill ; its crystals are of a dark brown colour, with 
smooth, glistening surfaces. Two or three prisms are 
frequently united, generally without intersecting each 
other. That interesting mineral, the chromate of iron, 
has also been discovered in this town. Garnets are very 
abundant; they are of all sizes, from a pin's head to that 
of a bullet. Serpentine and black jasper have been 
found on the banks of Westfield River. 

The summer on these mountains, though short, is 
generally very pleasant. The winter is long and dreary ; 
and the inhabitants are frequently obliged to endure 

" The icy fang, 
And churlish chiding of the winter's wind." 


Eight young, gentlemen from this place have receiv- 
ed a publick education. The inhabitants have a library 
consisting of 72 volumes. The largest private library 
belongs to Peter Bryant, Esq. and contains about 700 
volumes. There are six school districts, in which 
schools are regularly taught about half the year. A 


taste for reading, and for literature in general, is evi- 
dently on the increase. 


The Rev. James Briggs began to preach here in July, 
1777, and was ordained July 7, 1779. He was born 
at Norton, in this state, January 18, 1746, old style, 
and educated at Yale College, the usual honours of 
which he received in 1775 and 1778. A church had 
been gathered previous to the time when he began to 
preach in the town ; but of this event no record is to 
be found. 

The following extract from the records of the town 
will show the -terms on which he was settled : " Voted 
to give Mr. Briggs two hundred acres*of good land, and 
sixty pounds, stated by rye at three shillings and four 
pence a bushel, for settlement ; fifty pounds the first 
year, and rise five pounds a year till it amounts to sixty 
pounds, stated by rye at three shillings and four pence 
a bushel, beef at twenty shillings a hundred, and flax at 
eight pence a pound." His present salary is two hun- 
dred and fifty dollars a year. 

There have been four general reformations during 
his ministry. The church at present consists, as the 
pastor informs me, of about one hundred and sixty 

The edifice for publick worship is a neat wooden 
building, furnished with a bell, and handsomely painted. 
It was ereqted in 1793. 

Besides this society, there are a few Baptists, who 
occasionally hold meetings in private houses. 

Benevolent Societies. 

The Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, form- 
ed January 5, 1810. 

The Heathen School Society, formed March 3, 1817. 

The Bible Association, formed May 5, 1817. 

The Cummington Peace Society, formed September 
3, 1819. This society, consisting of fifty-two members, 
is auxiliary to the Massachusetts Peace Society. 



Col. Brewer emigrated from Worcester, and began a 
settlement here in 1764. After him the principal set- 
tlers were from the towns of Hardwick, Abington and 
Bridgewater, with some few from Weymouth and 

The first settler now living is an aged widow, who, 
with her husband, moved into the town in June, 1765. 
She informs me that the same week they arrived there, 
all the men in the town, seven in number, assembled, 
and built them a log house, which was finished in a day, 
so that they moved in before night; "and a drier 
house," said she, "I never lived in." The first person 
born in the town was one of her daughters, who is now 
fifty-one years old. 

Cummington was incorporated June 23, 1779. The 
first town meeting was held December 20, the same 
year. At this meeting, Deacon Barnabas Packard acted 
as moderator; and the following town officers were 
chosen : Deacon Barnabas Packard, town clerk ; Ad- 
am Porter, town treasurer; and William Ward, Dea- 
con Ebenezer Snell, and Lieutenant Joshua Shaw, se- 
lectmen and assessors. 

According to the census of 1810, this town contains 
one thousand and nine inhabitants. 

Plainjield, February 1, 1820. 


Since the preceding sketch was written, the publick 
have been called to lament the death of the Hon. Peter 
Bryant, Esq. a member of the Massachusetts Medical 
Society. He died of the pulmonary consumption, at 
the place of his residence, March 19, 1820, in the fifty- 
third year of his age. His funeral was attended on the 
twenty-first by the largest collection that I recollect to 
have seen in the town on any similar occasion. 

Dr. Bryant was born at Bridgewater, August 12, 1767. 
He studied physick and surgery at Norton, with Dr. 
Prilete, a French practitioner. When about twenty-two 

GALE OF SEPTEMBER, 1815. . 45 

years of age, he came to Cummington, where he settled, 
and acquired a very extensive and lucrative practice, and 
a reputation truly enviable. His nice and discriminating 
judgment, and very extensive reading, fitted him for em- 
inent usefulness in his profession. As a consulting 
physician, his services were peculiary acceptable to his 
medical brethren. He was also in the habit of instruct- 
ing students in medicine. These were attracted from 
different parts of the country by his well selected libra- 
ry, his extensive practice, and his general reputation. 
The advantages enjoyed at this school are thought to 
have been superiour to any in the western part of the state. 

He was also a writer of no ordinary talents. Of his 
poetick effusions, many have enriched the magazines and 
publick prints of the day. His manuscript poems, 
though, generally speaking, too local for the publick eye, 
are admired by his friends. Hudibrastick verse, if not 
better adapted to his genius, appears to have been more 
cultivated by him than any other. He retained his facul- 
ties in a very remarkable degree to the close of life. In 
1806, Williams' College conferred on him the degree of 
Master of Arts, as did the University at Cambridge that 
of Doctor of Physic in 1818. 

During the latter part of his life, he was deeply in- 
terested in politicks, and was several times a representa- 
tive, and once a senator, in the General Court. 

According to the census of 1820, Cummington con- 
tains one thousand and sixty inhabitants. 

Plainfield, April I, 1820. 

23 SEPTEMBER, 1815. 

1 HE following notes on the storm or hurricane of 
September 23, 1815, and the extraordinary tide attend- 
ing it, relate to a very small section of the country ; being 


confined to the county of Barnstable, and particularly 
to that part of it contiguous to Buzzard's Bay. 

At the present time, (December, 1818,) it may not be 
improper to arrange such minutes under three heads. 

1 . Notes on the Wind and its effects. 

2. Notes on the tide and its effects. 

3. Notes on the more lasting influence of the sea 
water on the land. 

First, In regard to the wind and its effects. It be- 
gan to rise in the latter part of the night preceding the 
23d ; about sunrise it had risen to a hard gale, but was 
not then thought much more violent than many of .the 
severe gales experienced in this region: It however con- 
tinued increasing till about 10 o'clock, from which time 
till near 2 P. M. it was extremely high. The gale did 
not consist of an uniform current, but sudden gusts or 
blowings of wind, at short intervals ; the most severe 
of which were about 1 1 o'clock. The first abating of 
the gale was observed by longer intervals between the 
gusts. It subsided in the course of the afternoon, and 
by night the weather was quite moderate. The sky was 
cloudy throughout the day, but no rain fell. The 
course of the wind, early in the morning, was east ; 
from which point it gradually changed to a few degrees 
west of south, and blew from the latter quarter when 
most violent. 

But the gale was not by any means so severe in this 
region as in the parts of the country north and west of 
this. Some trees were torn up, but most of them stood 
in loose soil, or were so shaped, or exposed, that they 
could not resist any very high wind that should take them 
at advantage. Some buildings were prostrated, but they 
were old, or feeble ; and, indeed, several buildings, 
which sustained this gale w-ithout damage, have since 
been blown down. No chimney was broken off or 
much injured. Salt works are more liable to injury 
from high winds than any other species of property on 
shore in this county ; but they suffered little from the 
wind alone. A few covers were removed from their 
places and broken, and in some instances, where pecu- 


liarly exposed, some of the vats were lifted from the 
stakes on which they were built, and twisted or broken. 
Jt may afford a useful hint to remark, that a lot of salt 
works, in a very bleak and exposed situation, had been 
previously wattled with bushes, between the stakes 
which supported it, which so effectually defended it, 
that no damage was suffered ; while a large, shallow 
reservoir, about eight inches deep, standing in front of 
another lot of salt w 7 orks, was lifted, in a body, and cast 
over upon them in a very shattered condition ; but its 
peculiar form and exposure rendered it a fit subject for 
this kind of violence. And, generally, this species of 
property, though from its constitution specially liable to 
injury from high winds, yet endured so little on this oc- 
casion, from the wind alone, that the loss sustained from 
this cause has been scarcely reckoned worthy of account. 
When this is compared with the prostration of forests 
and edifices, and the great destruction of property by the 
wind, in counties north and west of this, we must con- 
clude, that the gale in this region was comparatively 

It was still more moderate in the lower parts of the 
county ; decreasing gradually, till at Provincetown it 
was called a hard blow, but by no means a hurricane. 

2. In regard to the extraordinary tide and its effects. 

The interiour part of Buzzard's Bay communicates 
with several small bays or inlets, in most cases by nar- 
row passages. In these small bays, and near the head of 
tidewater in Monimet or Back River, the water rose, 
during the gale, at least eight feet higher than is usual 
in the highest course of tides. In the open bay it was 
much higher. Seven miles below the places where the 
above observation was made, it is judged that the tide 
was ten feet or more above the common level of spring 
tides. It appears to have been higher still lower in the 

The land is in many places low and level, and contin- 
ues so at some distance from the shore, when it rises 
suddenly into hills. All the low 7 ground was overflowed 
of course. The water from Buzzard's Bay approached 


so near to the source of a brook, which falls into Barn- 
stable Bay, that observers have generally judged, that if 
it had risen fourteen or fifteen inches more, perpendicu- 
larly, it must have passed across the Cape, following the 
course in which a canal has often been projected, about 
two miles, west of the village of Sandwich. 

The tide in Buzzard's Bay is three hours earlier than 
in Barnstable Bay, which would bring high water in the 
former, on the 23d of September, 1815, at about 11 
o'clock and 40 minutes, when the gale was at the great- 
est height. On this occasion, therefore, both wind and 
sea operated together, and much damage was done. 

Coasting vessels are almost the only kind of shipping 
in this bay. Several of them were at that time moored 
near the shore at the landing places, where great quanti- 
ties of cord wood had been collected, to be shipped on 
board them for market. Being a light kind of craft, 
they were scattered about in various directions, and 
most of them driven high upon the shore. 

Dwelling houses are but thinly scattered over that 
region ; but where they stood near the sea the inhabi- 
tants were obliged to abandon them and flee to high 
places for shelter. These houses being generally erected 
on ground a little elevated, none were destroyed ; one 
only was filled w r ith water as high as the chamber floor. 
No lives were lost. 

Salt works, though they resisted the wind, suffered 
extremely from the tide. The business of salt making 
has been carried on to a great extent on the eastern 
shore of Buzzard's Bay. But all the works within the 
reach of this tide, were carried away. The shore was 
literally swept with the besom of destruction. On the 
island of Mashena, a large amount of this kind of proper- 
ty was lost. The water washed away the salt works, 
apparently without an effort. A salt house connected 
with them, being partly filled with salt, maintained its 
position till the tide had risen nearly to the roof, when it 
was overset, and floated across the bay. The ruins of 
these works were found in the woods at Wareham. In 
one instance, a large lot of salt works was floated, in a 


body, the distance of several miles, without being 
broken. Had it been caught and brought to an anchor, it 
would probably have been saved, but with slight damage. 
It was, however, driven upon a craggy shore, where the 
tide left it, and it fell to pieces over the rocks ; but the 
salt house, which sailed in company the whole distance, 
chanced to find a better resting place. It was lodged 
directly across a road, where it settled upon corner stones 
so well adapted, that its perfect shape was maintained. 
It was afterwards launched like a vessel, and conveyed 
back to its original position, without being essentially in- 
jured by the excursion. The place where it grounded is 
about nine feet above the level of the common high tides. 

After the flood was passed, it was striking to observe 
how small vessels, and these light fabricks, had been 
made the sport of winds and waves. Some of the coast- 
ing vessels were floated completely into the forest. One 
of these was lodged among trees so large, that they sus- 
tained it in an upright position, till it was relaunched, 
with very little damage. Another was lifted over a bluff 
and laid in front of a dwelling house — as one might say, 
across the door-stone. The vessel proved a defence to 
the house, which might otherwise have suffered greatly. 
The wrecks of salt works appeared in some places to 
have been heaped together in fantastick mood, present- 
ing strange appearances of ruins ; of buildings partly fin- 
ished, and left in that condition ; and of the others, the 
design of which, in such spots, could not be conjectured. 

The injury done in Buzzard's Bay was much greater 
than that in the Vineyard Sound. The w r aters in the 
latter place were not heaped up, as in the former. But 
the tide in Falmouth harbour was so high as to create 
much confusion, and do much damage among the ship- 
ping there. A brig was driven ashore at Hyannis ; 
but below that place the wind was more moderate, and 
the waters had sufficient sea room ; so that little or no 
damage was done. 

In regard to the immediate effect of the tide upon the 
soil and its productions. Grass was entirely killed. 
There was not a green blade to be seen, in any place, 
vol. x. 8 


over which the flood had passed. In a few spots, near 
running springs, some new shoots appeared in the 
course of the autumn: but on uplands, none grew till 
another season ; and then it was not the same kind of 
grass which grew there before, excepting in a very few 
instances. Several cedar swamps were filled with sea 
water, which, having no outlet, soaked into the ground. 
The trees in these swamps perished forthwith ; the 
leaves withering and falling off in a very short time. In 
trees cut from these swamps during the winter following 
the storm, the sapwood had turned nearly black; and 
there is scarcely an instance in which a cedar tree sur- 
vived the effect of this flood. Pine and oak trees suffer- 
ed a similar fate, excepting a very few, which stood near 
the shore. They had perhaps grown accustomed to the 
influence of salt water, and could better endure it; but 
a very great proportion of them died. Most of the shrubs 
and bushes, over which the tide passed, perished also. 
It has been observed, that one or two species of laurel, 
and the common bayberry were but little if at all injur- 
ed, and some of the swamp whortleberries survived. 
Apple trees were, generally, on such high ground, that 
the tide did not reach them. A few only were sur- 
rounded by the water, and none of them were so situat- 
ed that the water could remain about them for any 
length of time. They were, however, as much exposed 
as many of the cedars which died ; but the apple trees 
survived, and yet live, though evidently stinted as to 
their growth. With these exceptions, the destruction 
of vegetable life was very general, if not universal. 

A great part of the cultivated lands, in that vicinity, 
are in low places near the shore ; they were overflowed 
of course. In fields where Indian corn was standing, 
the roots were, in most cases, torn out of the ground ; 
and where this did not take place, the stalks were 
wrenched and twisted, and the spikes broken off. The 
soil was so washed in these fields, that they exhibited the 
appearance of a sea shore, rather than of cultivated land. 
Indian corn, where it had previously grown hard or ripe, 
was fit for food ; for some time the people washed it be- 


fore grinding ; but they soon discovered that the washing 
was unnecessary, as the grain had no taste of sea 
water, or so little as to be disregarded. But where 
this grain had not already grown hard, it would not, 
though left standing in the field ; it either perished in 
the husk, or very soon after it was taken out. It was a 
common remark, that no part of the plant could be dried 
by any means, and by far the greater part of the harvest 
was lost, not being yet ripe. Potatoes and other roots, 
if left long in the ground, perished ; but where they 
had ripened, and were taken up within a few days after 
the flood, and well dried, they were good, and were kept 
and used as usual during the season.- 

It is the practice of our farmers to sow winter rye in 
August. This plant had, of course, advanced conside- 
rably in growth at the time of the storm. Where the 
salt water passed over it, it was entirely killed ; unless 
we except one or two spots in very low and wet ground ; 
T)ut in these, the rye was so much injured, as nearly 
amounted to total destruction. Some fields were imme- 
diately resown ; in these, the rye sprung up, endured 
the winter, and produced a good crop. But the fences 
having been principally of cedar, were almost all swept 
off, and the fields laid common ; and few people felt en- 
couraged to commence the labour of the season anew, 
with the additional expense and trouble of procuring 
and setting up new fences. 

Fresh water was, for a long time, a rarity of price. The 
wells were generally overflown and left full of sea water. 
Watering places for cattle suffered a similar fate ; and 
so extensive was the influence of the flood, that several 
wells and watering places into which the tide water did not 
run, were yet made salt. The water in them acquired the 
taste and quality of sea water, and was totally unfit for 
domestick purposes. The inhabitants were obliged to. 
transport this necessary article, for family use, from a 
great distance ; and travellers wh© needed it were glad 
to receive it in a measure of the smallest capacity. In 
some wells near the shore, the water used to rise and fall 
with the tide, still remaining fresh; but the severe 


discipline of this flood changed their habit ; the water 
in them remained at a fixed height, and salt. 

When this extraordinary tide was sweeping over the 
land, the spray arising from it was very great. It is 
spoken of as having resembled a driving snow storm, 
through which objects could be discerned only at 
short distances. But the leaves of the trees did not af- 
terwards exhibit any of the dark red colour, (as if they 
had been scorched,) which was observed in more north- 
ern regions, and especially in the vicinity of Boston. 
The leaves of trees destroyed by the flood exhibited 
very soon the appearance of death, but not of having 
been burnt ; neither was salt spray collected on window 
glass to any amount. 

3. In regard to the more permanent influence of 
the sea water on the land. 

Very little rain had fallen for several weeks previous to 
the storm ; the soil in this region, naturally inclined to 
dryness, was very dry. A large proportion of the saif 
water, therefore, penetrated the earth, which may be 
said to have been saturated with it. Many persons have 
expressed an opinion, that the water of this tide was 
much more strongly impregnated with the ingredients of 
sea water, than that of ordinary tides. Perhaps, with 
some limitation, this opinion may be correct, as there 
are several streams of fresh water emptying into Buz- 
zard's Bay, which may diminish the strength of ordinary 
tide waters ; but would have but little influence on this 
occasion. Salt was observed to have crystallized in ma- 
ny places on the shore within a few days after this flood. 
This may in some measure account for the remarkable 
saltness of the wells and watering places. This saltness 
continued in them, unabated, till the first week of the 
following March. The winter had been severe, and the 
ground frozen very deep till the middle of February, 
when there were several weeks of moderate weather, 
with soft rains, which dissolved the snows and opened 
the ground; shortly after which, it was discovered that 
several of the wells and watering places were fresh. 
The water in these had been tasted but a few days pre- 


vious, and was then as disagreeable as at first. The 
freshness must have taken place suddenly. After a suc- 
cession of dry weather, these wells, &c. grew salt again, 
but not to the same degree as before ; and it has been 
observed, that, after heavy rains, they would be fresh, 
but become salt after dry weather; the degree of salt- 
ness diminishing from time to time. At the present pe- 
riod they are perfectly fresh ; but some of them did not 
entirely recover until the opening of the ground in the 
spring of 1818 ; and in a large pond, which has but a 
very small outlet, the water still retains some taste of sea 

Several of the overflown fields were, in the spring of 
1816, sown with oats, which produced a more abundant 
crop than ever was known in that region before. Indian 
corn flourished remarkably, as also spring grain ; and 
the land, generally, was found in a much better state for 
tillage, than before it had been overflown. On grass 
lands, the effect was various. Grasses which had been 
sown, perished ; and there grew in place of them the 
common wild grass of the country, 'which continues to 
keep possession, where the fields have been left to the 
ordinary course of nature; but where they have been 
ploughed and sown again, good grass is produced. 
Generally speaking, whatever grasses were growing on 
level grounds, perished ; and those of a poorer sort 
sprung up in their place. Jn several places where the 
land lay sloping toward the sea, the natural grass in pas- 
ture grounds was killed ; and, in the following year, 
clover grew there. In 1817 the clover decreased in 
quantity, and nearly disappeared in 1818. Mosses, also, 
were destroyed by the sea water, and grass grew where 
they had been. Sea water appears to have acted as an 
alterative, and may, perhaps, be found useful, in some 
cases, as a manure. 

• The effect of this flood upon the land is now nearly 
past ; it has been of some temporary service to the soil ; 
but this temporary benefit is by no means an equivalent 
for the destruction of property which took place at the 
time of the storm. The harvests were then generally in 


the field, and the annual produce of the salt manufacto- 
ries had not been removed to a place of safty. The de- 
pendence of many families for their yearly subsistence 
was in a great measure lost ; and much distress was 
brought upon the people in several respects. Contem- 
plating them, as from their places of refuge, beholding 
the progress of this destructive flood, perhaps the follow- 
ing extract may not be thought inapplicable : 

" Still overhead 
The mingling tempest wears its gloom, and still 
The deluge deepens; till the fields around 
Lie sunk and flatted in the sordid wave. 

■All that the winds had spared 

In one wild moment ruined ; the big hopes 
And well earn'd labours of the painful year." 




X HE oldest church in this section of New Hampshire 
was gathered at Dunstable on the 16th December, 1685. 
The original constituting members were, Rev. Thomas 
Weld, Jonathan Tyng, John Cummings, John Blanchard, 
Cornelius Waldo, Samuel Warner, Obadiah Perry, and 
Samuel French. Rev. Thomas Weld was the first min- 
ister. He was a native of Roxbury, and graduated at 
Harvard College in 1671. The time of his ordination 
is not exactly known, though it is presumed to have been 
soon after the church was organized. There is a tradition 
among some of his descendants, that his death was occa- 
sioned by the Indians, who beset his garrison in April or 
May, 1702; but this seems rather improbable, since an 
event of this kind would not have escaped the notice of 
our historians. A rough flat stone, with no inscription, 
points out the place of his interment. His first wife, Eliz- 


abeth,died 19 July, 1687, at the age of 31. Mary Weld, 
his second wife, died 2 June, 1731, in her 64th year, at 
Attleborough, Massachusetts, where her son, the Rev. 
Habijah Weld, who was born about six months after his 
father's death, was a settled minister above fifty-four 
years. He was born 2 September, 1702.; graduated at 
Harvard College 1723; and died 14 May, 1782, at the 
age of eighty. A short account of Attleborough by him 
is published in the Hist. Coll. Vol. I. second series. 

Rev. Thomas Weld was succeeded in the ministry at 
Dunstable by Rev. Nathaniel Prentice, who graduated 
at Harvard College in 1715. The date of his ordina- 
tion is not known. He died February 25, 1737, and 
w*as succeeded by Rev. Josiah Swan, who graduated at 
Harvard College in 1733. According to the Rev. Dr. 
Belknap, he was ordained in the year 1 739. He was dis- 
missed in 1746, in consequence of a division of the town, 
by running the line between the provinces of New Hamp- 
shire and Massachusetts. He, however, remained in town 
several years, and afterwards removed to Lancaster, 
Massachusetts, and from thence to Walpole in this state, 
where he died. Rev. Samuel Bird, from Dorchester, suc- 
ceeded the Rev. Mr. Swan. He entered Harvard Col- 
lege in the same class with the Rev. Bishop Bass, and 
would have graduated in 1744, but in consequence of 
some rash censures upon the governours of the college, 
and the Rev. Mr. Appleton of Cambridge, did not ob- 
tain his degree. He was ordained in 1747; dismissed 
in 1751 ; and afterwards removed to New Haven, where 
he died. The settlement of Mr. Bird caused a division 
in the church and town. A second church was organiz- 
ed, and an additional meeting-house was erected, in con- 
sequence of this division. After his dismission, an union 
of these churches was effected by means of an ecclesias- 
tical council, which was convened in 1759. Rev. Joseph 
Kidder succeeded Mr. Bird after a long interval. He was 
born at Billerica, 18 November, 1741 ; graduated at Yale 
College, 1764 ; and was ordained 18 March, 1767. Dif- 
ficulties having arisen in respect to his civil contract, it 
was dissolved by mutual consent and by advice of a coun- 


cil, on the 15th June, 1796. But his pastoral relation to 
the church continued till his death in September, 1818, 
having almost completed his 77th year. He was the 
only surviving minister of those in the regular exercise 
of their ministry, at the time of his settlement, in the state 
of New Hampshire. 

Rev. Ebenezer P. Sperry, the sixth pastor in succes- 
sion, was ordained as a colleague with Rev. Mr. Kidder 
on the 3d September, 1813. Mr. Sperry continued in 
the ministry but little more than five years, and was dis- 
missed from his pastoral charge. The church is now 

[Authorities for the preceding : — Dr. C. Mather's Hecatompolis — 
Note in Alden's Collection of American Epitaphs — Historical Col- 
lections, Vol. IX. — Belknap's Hist. N. H. — Rev. Dr. Burnap's Ser- 
mon at Funeral of Rev. Jos. Kidder. — Rev. M. Sperry 's Summary — 
MS. documents.] 


A Congregational church was gathered in this town in 
1741. Rev. Joshua Tufts, who graduated at Harvard 
College in 1736, was the first minister. He was dismiss- 
ed in 1744. Rev. Samuel Cotton, a descendant from the 
celebrated John Cotton, B. D. one of the first ministers in 
Boston, succeeded, and was ordained in February, 1765. 
He received his education at Harvard College, where he 
graduated in 1759. He was dismissed in 1784, and af- 
terwards removed to Claremont, w 7 here he is still living, 
but not in the exercise of the ministry. After his remo- 
val the church continued in a broken state till 1809, when 
a church was again formed in the Presbyterian order, and 
Rev. Nathaniel Kennedy was settled. He was dismissed 
by the Presbytery in April, 1812, and was resettled at 
Kensington. Rev. Enoch Pilsbury succeeded Mr. Ken- 
nedy. He was ordained 25 October, 1815, and died 15 
February, 1818, at the age of 30. 



August 25, 1820." 

jN 1793, at the request of my respected friend, Hon. 
James Win thro p, I prepared a topographical description 
of Duxbury, the place of my nativity. It was afterwards 
published in Vol. II. of the Collections of the Historical 
Society. The account was prepared at short notice, and 
contained very little relating to the history of the early 
inhabitants of that ancient town. I have since collected 
some anecdotes and facts respecting the first settlers 
there, which I have now the pleasure to communicate, 
and which serve to shew, more fully, the opinions and 
manners of " the Pilgrims," while they preserve a re- 
collection of the particular virtues and deeds of indi- 

Of the first company, who came to Plymouth in 1620, 
and who were the worthy founders of that ancient colony, 
several located themselves, within a few years, on the 
north side of the bay, and soon after gave to it the name 
of Duxburrow. Among those who took up their resi- 
dence in this place, we find some, who were men of in- 
fluence, and who were concerned in administering the gov- 
ernment — as Capt. Myles Standish, William Brewster, 
William Collier, John Alden, and Jonathan Brewster ; 
and many who were substantial landholders and free- 
men — as William Bassett, Love Brewster, Francis Eaton, 
Experience Mitche-11, Philip Delano, Henry Sampson, 
Stephen Tracy, George Soule, Edmund Chandler, Ed- 
ward Bumpas, Henry Howland, Richard Church, Daniel 
Prior, Moses Simmons, Francis West, Edmund Free- 
man, Thomas Bisbee, Edmund Hunt, and Edmund Wes- 
ton. And, a few years later, the following persons were 
distinguished inhabitants of Duxburrow : Constant South- 
worth, Samuel Nash, Rev. Ralph Partridge, Francis 

VOL. X. 9 


Sprague, William Paybody, Christopher Wadsworth, 
Joseph Rodgers, &c. 

William Brewster, often, in the early records, called 
Elder Brewster, lived only a few years of the latter part 
of his life in Duxhury. He died in 1644, aged eighty- 
two. He was the oldest person of the company, being 
sixty-one, or sixty-two, when they landed in Plymouth. 
Stephen Hopkins is supposed to be the next oldest. 
There is, indeed, no direct and positive assertion in the 
early records, that he resided in Duxbury : But it appears 
evident, from the account of the settlement of his estate 
between his two sons, Jonathan and Love, that he not 
only owned lands in that place, but that he built a house 
there, and resided in it, a short time before his death. 
His name is also on the list of freemen in Duxbury in 
1643. The settlement he made, and on which his sons 
and grandsons afterwards lived, was in the south-east part 
of the town, adjoining land owmed and occupied by Capt. 
Standish ; and which is not only pleasant on account of 
its local situation, but contains some of the best soil in 
that part of the country. 

The character of this learned, pious and apostolick man 
has been so fully and justly given by Rev. Dr. Belknap, 
and by the writer of the ecclesiastical history of Ply- 
mouth, that it would be entirely superfluous here to speak 
of his various social and Christian virtues. It is sufficient 
merely to mention, that he has ever been considered one 
of the founders and supporters of the Puritan church, 
which first existed in the north of England, then fled to 
Holland, and afterwards to this part of the New World, 
and here was established "upon the foundation of the 
apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the 
Chief Corner Stone." 

Capt. Myles Standish, the military hero of the com- 
pany, and the defender of the pilgrims, had land allotted 
him in Duxbury, at an early period ; and here his fami- 
ly resided. He had a large tract granted him on a penin- 
sula in the south or south-east part of the town. The soil 
is good, and under judicious cultivation at this day yields 
a handsome income. Captain's Hill is included in this 


tract, and affords an extensive and beautiful view of the 
surrounding country. 

The heroism and bravery, the zeal and fidelity of 
Capt. Standish, and his great services to the infant 
colony, have been deservedly eulogized by Dr. Belknap, 
in the American Biography. No one was more able, 
and no one more disposed, than this learned and patriotick 
writer, to appreciate the labours and sufferings of the 
leaders of the pilgrims ; yet in his biography of Standish, 
he has unfortunately omitted to record several of his 
publick actions, which merit recollection, and the preser- 
vation of which are justly due to the character of this 
brave and useful man. Perhaps it is not too much to 
say, that, but for him, the infant settlement had been 
broken up, and most of the early inhabitants had fallen 
a prey to the power and cruelty of the savages. 

Dr. Belknap observes, in the closing paragraph of the 
biography of Standish, "that, after 1628, we have no 
account of him, and that he is not mentioned in the Pe- 
quot war in 1637." Standish did not, indeed, share in 
the honour of that hazardous enterprise. Capt. Mason, 
of Connecticut, attacked the Pequots by surprise, and 
achieved a most brilliant and useful victory, before either 
the men from Plymouth or Massachusetts arrived. But 
it is also a fact, that the government of Massachusetts 
applied to Plymouth for aid in that expedition ; that thex 
magistrates there immediately ordered men to be raised 
for the purpose, and Capt. Standish was appointed to com- 
mand them. Major Stoughton commanded the Massa- 
chusetts troops, and was to have been chief of the whole 
military united. In 1642, Gov. Winslow and Capt. 
Standish were sent by the Court of Plymouth to Massa- 
chusetts, to solicit protection from the Indians, who, it 
was said, were meditating an attack upon them. In 
1645, the commissioners of the four united colonies ap- 
pointed a council of war, and placed Capt. Standish at 
its head. Mason of Connecticut, and Leverett and H. 
Atherton of Massachusetts, were his colleagues. At this 
time, a war was apprehended with the Narraganset In- 
dians, and the troops were to be commanded by "Sargent 


Major Gibbons." He was also appointed, 1649, to com- 
mand and inspect all the military companies in the colony; 
and "he condescended thereunto." 

In 1653, a period of great alarm, Capt. Standish was 
one of the council of war in Plymouth colony ; and in 
1654 he was appointed to the command of the Plymouth 
forces, consisting of about sixty men, destined to act in 
concert with the Massachusetts and Connecticut troops, 
against the Narraganset Indians and the Dutch, who had 
combined to destroy all the English people in these parts. 
The news of peace between England and Holland, which 
reached America in June, rendered the expedition un- 
necessary ; and the troops were discharged. It is also 
proper to mention, as it shews the confidence the magis- 
trates of Plymouth colony had in Capt. Standish, that 
he was sent to Boston, in the spring of the same year, to 
consult with Major Sedgwick, appointed commander in 
chief, respecting the proposed expedition against the 
Indians and Dutch. He was a man of talents and judg- 
ment, as well as of great courage, and was often selected 
to advise as well as to execute. He was frequently em- 
ployed in surveying grants of land and laying out roads; 
and was sometimes made arbitrator between those who 
had disputes and controversies. In ecclesiastical con- 
cerns, he was also sometimes called upon to settle dif- 
ferences. In 1655, he and John Alden were appointed 
by the Court, on a petition from Marshfield, to go to 
that town and signify to them the Court's desire, that the 
inhabitants there would take notice of their duty, and 
contribute, according to their ability, freely to the sup- 
port of the ministry. He was also sent to Rehobotb, in 
the course of the same year, for a similar purpose. He 
was treasurer of the colony for several years, and held 
the office in 1656, the year he died. When he was 
chosen to this office for the last time, on settlement of 
his accounts for the two former years, it appeared that 
he had <£15 of publick money in his hands ; but this was 
granted him as a compensation for his services, he not 
having received any salary during that period. He had 
also, at the same time, a grant of 300 acres of land near 


Satuckett Pond in Bridgewater. In 1651, Gov. Bradford 
was authorized by law to deputize some one to act in 
the office, should any exigency require it. In 1653, 
expecting to be sometime absent, he appointed Capt. 

Capt. Standish left three sons — Myles, Alexander 
and Josiah. The eldest removed to Boston, and was 
living there in 1662. Alexander and Josiah were seve- 
ral times representatives from Duxbury ; and the former 
was sometime captain of the military company there. 
Josiah was also one of the council of war, at the time of 
alarm occasioned by the Sachem Philip's warlike pre- 
parations. He married a daughter of John Alden. 
Some of the descendants of Capt. M. Standish, to 
the fourth generation, lived on the land, which he origi- 
nally owned in Duxbury. But there are none of them 
now living in that place. Josiah inherited the land in 
Bridgewater, which had been granted his father, and one 
of his children settled on it. Some of his descendants 
are now living in the county of Plymouth. 

William Collier, for many years an assistant, resided 
in Duxbury. He was early chosen to advise the gover- 
nour in the civil affairs of the colony, and continued to 
be appointed to that trust till he was very aged, in 1670, 
when the court allowed him a servant at the publick 
expense. He was esteemed as a man of great sobriety, 
prudence and integrity. In 1G42, he and Edward 
Win slow were appointed to treat with the court and 
government of Massachusetts on the subject of a union 
of the four colonies. He was afterwards one of the 
commissioners from Plymouth colony, who met those 
from Massachusetts, Connecticut and New Haven, to 
devise measures for the general defence and welfare of 
the whole. During several years, he was chosen one of 
the council of war in the Old Colony. He is said to 
have been opposed to the measures of intolerance to- 
wards the Quakers, who, though not so severely perse- 
cuted by the government of Plymouth as of Massachu- 
setts, were forbidden there to disseminate their wild and 
disorganizing opinions, and were often banished the 


limits of the plantation. On this subject, John Browne 
and James Cud worth were in sentiment with him. 

It is not known whether he left any son. One of his 
daughters was married to Gov. Prince, who is said to 
have lived some time in Duxbury ; one married Love 
Brewster, son of Elder W. Brewster, and one married 
Constant South worth, son in law of Gov. Bradford. 

John Alden, who made one of the company which 
settled Plymouth colony, and is said to have been the 
first who stepped upon the memorable rock, when they 
landed on that inhospitable shore, in December, 1620, 
was also an inhabitant of Duxbury. It is not certain 
what year he fixed his residence here ; hut it is sup- 
posed it was soon after Capt, Standish and Mr. Brewster 
settled at Captain's Hill, and Gov. Winslow at Careswell,* 
in the south part of what is now Marshfield, and adjoining 
to Duxbury. In 1632, he, with Capt. Standish and 
Jonathan Brewster were desired to move to Plymouth 
for the winter. 

A pathway was early laid out from Plymouth over 
Jones's River, and crossing Island Creek, so called, 
wound along near the shore of the bay to accommo- 
date Standish, Brewster, Sprague and others in the south 
and east part of the town, and then led over Blue River, 
near the head of the salt water, and passing John Alden's 
settlement on the north side of this river, was continued 
over Stony Brook, near Philip Delano, who had just be- 
gan a farm there, by Duck Hill, to Careswell, above- 
mentioned, the residence of Gov. Winslow. Soon 
after a path was made to Green's Harbour, a little north- 
east of Winslow's house, and thence to North River, 
where a ferry was established ; and from here to the 
settlements in Scituate, now become considerable. 

John Alden had also land early granted him on the 
south side of Blue River, and several pieces of salt marsh 
in the vicinity. And at a later period he had land grant- 
ed him at the North River in Bridgewater, and on Taun- 
ton Riv,er. The farm on which he lived is now in pos- 
session of Judah Alden, Esq. one of his descendants. 

* The name given by Gov. Winslow to his farm. 


John Alden was quite a young man in 1620; only 
about 21 or 22 years of age. He died in 1686, and was 
in his 89th year. Gov. Prince was also young ; but a 
few years older than Alden. He is named as one of the 
company, from the time of the first landing, and could 
not, therefore, have been a member of any other family, 
and was the fifth or sixth in order, on the list of pur- 
chasers, or M old comers," as they were denominated. 
He was early a magistrate, a representative from Dux- 
bury, an assistant for more than thirty years, often one 
of the council of war, an arbitrator, a surveyor of lands 
for the government and for individuals, and on several 
important occasions, was authorized to act as agent or 
attorney for the colony. He lived to a great age, as be- 
fore observed, and was elected an assistant in 1686, the 
year he died. This is evidence, that he retained his 
strength and judgment to the last. It is believed, that 
he survived all his early companions : Philip Delano 
died a few years before him : Gov. Prince died in 
1673. He frequently presided in the Court of Assist- 
ants, in the absence of the governour, being the eldest 
member for several years; and sometimes, on that ac- 
count, called deputy governour. For several years after 
the decease of Capt, Standish, he was treasurer of the 
colony. He is represented as a man of strong intellect 
and good judgment, decided, ardent, resolute and perse- 
vering. The writers, who mention him, bear ample tes- 
timony to his industry, integrity and exemplary piety. 
He was a Puritan, both in theory and in conduct. He 
gave great support to the clergy and the church, and 
discountenanced every thing of a disorderly or innovat- 
ing kind. 

He had a large family of children, all of whom were 
respectably established in the world ; and some were 
called to act in publick stations. His son, John, lived in 
Boston, and for many years commanded an armed sloop 
belonging to Massachusetts. His son, Joseph, inher- 
ited his land in Bridgewater, and settled there. Da- 
vid, another son, was several years a representative 
from Duxburv. Samuel, a son of David, lived to the 


age of 93, in Duxbury, and died there in 1780. He 
was father of Col. Ichabod Alden, who commanded one 
of the regular Massachusetts regiments in thewar of the 
revolution, and was killed by the Indians, at Cherry 
Valley, in 1778. And a daughter of this Samuel is 
now living at Bath, in the state of Maine, aged about 
75. Jonathan, another son of John Alden, was 
commander of the military company in Duxbury, and 
lived on the farm which his father had occupied. A 
son and grandson of his were members of the General 
Court of Massachusetts from that place, in more recent 
times. One of his daughters was married to Mr. Bass 
of Braintree, in 1649 or 1650; and a daughter of theirs 
was the maternal ancestor of the venerable President 
Adams. William Paybody, one of the first settlers 
of Duxbury, several years a representative from the 
town, and who, in 1672, was called " an ancient freeman 
of the colony," married with another daughter. One 
was married to Josiah Standish ; and Samuel Delano, 
son of P. Delano, married the fourth. 

Jonathan Brewster, eldest son of William, before no- 
ticed, was a representative from Duxbury in 1639, and 
for several years after. He was probably more than 21 
years of age when the company first arrived ; for he is 
named separately from his father, in the earliest lists of 
the " first comers," and had lands allotted him, in 
1623, in the same manner as others of the company had. 
He was a man of respectability and property, and was 
often employed in transacting the publick affairs of the 
town and colony. His farm was contiguous to Capt. 
Standish, contained much valuable marsh, and had the 
advantage of bordering on the bay for almost a mile. 
He had a numerous family of children ; and his son, 
William, was sometime deacon of the church in Dux- 
bury — a man greatly esteemed and beloved, and pos- 
sessed of much of the good qualities of his worthy 
and pious grandfather. Love Brewster, the other son 
of the first William, lived in Duxbury, also, a little 
north of his brother. He married a daughter of Mr. 
Collier, the assistant ; but it does not appear from the 


early records, that he was much engaged in publick 
life. He sold a part of his farm, in 1633, to Dr. Com- 
fort Starr, who removed from Cambridge, Massachu- 
setts, and settled in Dux bury. One of his sons re- 
moved into the colony of Connecticut, and some of his 
descendants are still citizens of that state. 

The Elder, William Brewster, died without a will, 
and he had advanced much to his oldest son, Jonathan, 
who had an expensive family ; but the two sons re- 
ferred the settlement and division of the estate, in a very 
amicable manner, to their father's " ancient friends, Gov. 
Bradford, Gov. Winslow, Gov. Prince and Capt. Stan- 
dish," being at the house of Gov. Bradford, after the 
funeral of their father, and in presence also of Rev. R. 
Partrich, J. Reyner of Plymouth, and Edward Buckley 
of Marsh field. Jonathan and Love had each, then (1643) 
a dwelling house there. The elder, it appears, lived in 
the family of his son, Love, at the time of his last sick- 
ness. The estate was settled to the satisfaction of the 
brothers ; and Mr. Vassall of Scituate made the divi- 
sion of the real estate accordingly. The inventory 
shews, that the elder had a considerable library, espe- 
cially for that time, being about 100 volumes in Latin, 
and 400 in English. 

Philip Delano (sometimes written De La Noye) was 
among " the first comers," and early settled at Dux- 
bury. It appears from some of the records of Ply- 
mouth colony, that he lived a little north or north-west 
of John Alden, and by the path leading to Careswell 
and Green's Harbour, on the south of Stony or Mill 
Brook, and below the site of the cotton factory now 
standing there. His wife's name was Hester Dewes- 
berry. He was married after they settled at Duxbury. 
He lived to a great age, and died but a short time 
before J. Alden. He left three sons, Samuel, Thomas 
and John. He was often one of the grand inquest 
of the colony, and was also much employed in survey- 
ing and dividing lands. A mill was early erected on 
the brook near the house of P. Delano, by one Pol- 
lard, who was so permitted by the Court. 
vol. x. 10 


William Bassett, one of the first settlers in Dux- 
bury, fixed his residence a little north of this brook, 
on the path which led to Caresvvell, the farm of Gov. 
Winslovv. He was a representative from Duxbury in 
1640 and 1644, and afterwards marshal of the colony. 
Peregrine White, the first child born after the com- 
pany arrived, married one of his daughters. Many of 
his descendants have lived in Sandwich. It is said his 
son, William, removed to that place, and was also some 
time chief marshal of the colony. 

Samuel Nash was also a representative from Dux- 
bury ; and for several years, from 1653 to 1677, was 
sheriff or chief marshal of the colony. At an earlier 
period, he was lieutenant of the military company com- 
manded by Capt. M. Standish. When he was quite 
aged and infirm, the Court advised him to live with his 
son-in-law Clarke : "He sold his estate and complied 
with the proposal." There have been no persons of that 
name in Duxbury for many years. 

William Pay body was likewise a deputy for Dux- 
bury for several years. In 1672 he is spoken of as 
" an ancient freeman of the colony." In 1659, a large 
tract of land on Taunton River was purchased of Ouse- 
maquin and Philip, and of the squaw r sachem, Tatapa- 
num, by Pay body, Nash and others of Duxbury, and 
Josiah Winslow and others of Marshfield. One of'Pay- 
body's sons settled on this tract, which now makes 
part of Little Compton. A part of the tract he sold 
afterwards u to Benjamin Church of Duxbury, a carpen- 
ter, and a son of Richard Church." This is the Benja- 
min Church known as a great warriour against the In- 
dians, not only about Mount Hope, but against the 
hostile tribes at the eastward. He commanded an ex- 
pedition in that country, and discovered great skill and 
prudence, as well as courage. He is represented as pos- 
sessing military talents and bravery, almost equal to the 
renowned Myles Standish. 

Francis Sprague was another of the early settlers in 
Duxbury, and a man of influence and property for 
the period in which he lived. At that time, it was only 


the more sober and grave persons, who were permitted 
to sell spirituous liquors. Mr. Sprague was licensed 
for this purpose. William Collier had been allowed 
to do the same, at an earlier period. Samuel, a son 
of Mr. Sprague, was secretary of the colony in 1690 ; 
and many of his descendants have been eminent in pub- 
lick life in various parts of New England. 

Edmund Chandler, Christopher Wadsworth and 
George Soule, who were among the earliest settlers in 
Duxbury, were representatives from that town. 

Of those who were persons of some distinction at a 
little later period, and who were chiefly the children of 
the ''first comers," may be mentioned John Bradford, 
Constant Southworth, Samuel Seabury, Arnold, Holmes, 
&c. John Bradford was a representative for Duxbury 
people in 1652; and afterwards for Marshfield. He 
was son of Gov. Bradford, by his first wife, who died 
in Cape Harbour, December, 1620. By his second 
wife, Mrs. Southworth, the governour had two sons, 
William and Joseph. The eldest was many years a 
representative of Plymouth, an assistant, member of the 
council of war, treasurer of the colony, major of a troop 
of horse, commissioner of the United Colonies, deputy 
governour, and a counsellor in 1692 and 1693, after the 
.union of Massachusetts, Plymouth, Maine, &c. He 
lived in that part of Plymouth, now called Kingston, 
on the south side Jones's River ; and possessed very 
large tracts of land in that place and in Duxbury, and 
some in Dartmouth. He had nine sons and several 
daughters, and his descendants are yet numerous in the 
Old Colony; and some are to be found' in Rhode Island, 
some in Connecticut, some in New Jersey, and some in 

Constant Southworth, a son of Gov.* Bradford's 
second wife, was many years a deputy from Duxbury. 
He was admitted a freeman in 1637. He also held a 
commission in the military company there. He was a 
man of good education. His mother has been repre- 
sented as a superiour woman, whose mind was cultivated 
by much reading. Southworth was one of the council 


of war, treasurer of the colony, and sometimes agent or 
attorney for the government. He married a daughter 
of W. Collier. His son, Edward, was representative in 
1690, and also in 1692, after the charter of William 
and Mary. Samuel Seabury, John Tracy, John Wads- 
worth, and Seth Arnold were also representatives from 
Duxbury, about the years 1680 — 1691. The descend- 
ants of Wadsworth remain. The name of Seabury 
is extinct there. Some of the family went to Connec- 
ticut and their descendants are still there. Arnold 
was son of the minister of Marshfield, and Holmes was 
a son of Rev. Mr. Holmes of Duxbury, who succeed- 
ed Mr. R. Partrich, (who came in 1637, and died in 
1658,) as pastor of the church in Duxbury. Mr. 
Holmes was the minister here only for a few years. 
After him came Mr. Wiswall, who was employed as 
agent for the colony in England, about 1690 ; and also 
officiated as teacher of youth, as well as pastor of the 

I add the following facts, though of a miscellaneous 
nature, as they serve further to describe the circum- 
stances of the pilgrims.— \n 1632, "cattle were much 
increased, and corn fields were required to be enclos- 
ed." [This relates to all the settlements.] 

In 1633, a tax was laid on all the inhabitants in the 
colony, as follows: W. Bradford, £1. 7; E. Winslow, 
£2. 5 ; M. Standish, £0. 18 ; W. Brewster, £l. 7 ; J. 
Alclen, £1. 4; W. Collier, £2. 5 ; J. Howland, £h 4; 
Jona. Brewster, £1. 4; F. Sprague, £0. 18; P. Delano, 
£0. 18 ; W. Bassett, £1.7; R. Church, £l. 7, &c. 

In 1638, an annual fair was allowed in Duxbury for 
cattle and other commodities. 

In 1636, the Court recognizing the compact signed 
in Cape Harbour in 1620, and referring to the charter 
from Charles f. in 1629, by a publick act "claimed 
all the privileges and rights of free-born subjects of 

In 1634, "apalisado was ordered to be made be- 
yond the creek at Eagle's Nest, where Standish, Brews- 
ter and Paybody lived." 


In 1641, George Soule was fined for attending Quaker 
meeting. Samuel Eaton and Goodwife Hall presented 
for mixed dancing. A. Sampson presented for striking 
J. Washburn in the meeting-house on the Lord's day. 
N. Bassett and J. Prior presented for disturbing the 
church and publick worship. F. Sprague fined for sell- 
ing wine contrary to order of Court. Edward Hunt 
presented (1650) for shooting a deer on the Sabbath. 
G. Russel presented for not attending publick worship. 

Jn 1643, the men able to bear arms, from 16 to 60, 
were 76. One was John Alden, Jun., probably then 
17 or 18 ; one was W. Brewster, grandson of the first 
Mr. Brewster. The list of freemen in 1645, is as fol- 
lows, in part : Wm. Collier, John Alden, R. Partrich, 
E. Chandler, C. Wadsworth, H. Howland, S. Nash, E. 
Mitchell, P. Delano, H. Sampson, C. Southworth, M. 
Simons, F. Sprague, &c. 

In 1654, when 60 men were raised to go against the 
Dutch, Duxbury was ordered to furnish six, and Ply- 
mouth seven ; and the citizens were desired to attend 
publick worship with their fire arms. In 1651, eight 
wolves were killed in Plymouth, and two in Duxbury. 

J. Coventry presented (1650) for proposing marriage 
with K. Bradbury, a servant of Mr. Bourne, without 
asking leave of her master. A. Peirce presented for 
idleness, and for neglecting publick worship on the 
Lord's day. Bryant and Ames presented for drunken- 
ness. Duxbury presented for not mending the high way 
at Island Creek, and for not keeping the bridge over 
Jones's River in repair (1648.) 

In 1633, a path was ordered to be cut from Green's 
Harbour, near Gov. Winslow's, to Massachusetts, 
probably through Scituate. A few years after, one was 
laid out from Plymouth to the " bay," over Jones's 
River, and passing through land of Gov. Bradford, kept 
further from the sea, and crossed North River at Hano- 
ver, or the upper part of Scituate, where the ship yard 
has been in later times. 

In 1654, Thomas Clarke tried for taking £6 for the 
use of <£20 ; but was cleared on trial. Several persons 


were fined about this time for playing at cards ; but it 
does not appear where they lived. 

In 1638, the cut at Green's Harbour was agreed to be 
widened eighteen feet, and made six feet. 

Two representatives were sent from each town ; and 
the election was twice a year. 

At the funeral of Gov. Josiah Winslow, 1680, <£40 
were allowed by the Court for the publick expenses. 
Thomas Gannett and Edward Hunt lived at Houndsditch, 
near Blue River, in 1644. 

Chickatabut, alias Wampatuck, sachem of Massachu- 
setts, sold land to P. White, in 1666, in Bridgewater, on 
the line between the bay and Plymouth. 

In 1655, Gov. Bradford declared his unwillingness 
to accept his office for a full year, for these reasons — un- 
less some speedy course should be taken to redress the 
same — that the support of ministers was neglected, on ac- 
count of which many had removed ; that errour had not 
been suppressed, and great confusion likely to follow ; 
and that the deputies declined acting upon them, when 
suggested to them. At this time, and before, the Qua- 
kers were troublesome, by disputing the power of the civil 
magistrate, opposing a regular and learned clergy, and 
setting up an inward light as superiour to all written law 
and rules, both political and Christian. 

In 1658, a house of correction was ordered to be 
built in Plymouth. 

H. Norton, a Quaker, was banished the colony 
in 1657, and sent to Rhode Island. He spoke very con- 
temptuously of the authority of the magistrates, and re- 
proached the governour. He was at first treated mildly, 
and advised to desist ; but was not softened by this 
moderation. He had before made disturbance in 
Boston, and insulted Gov. Winthrop. The Quakers 
were very irregular about this period. They were pro- 
bably, in some cases, treated with severity. But it is 
evident that they were not only visionary and eccentrick, 
but, in some respects, advanced dangerous opinions, and 
disturbed the peace of the community by their denial of 
the civil authority and power. Some of them denied 


the real humanity of Christ ; and they also opposed all 
learning, and denied the necessity of education in min- 
isters of the gospel. They refused to take the oath of 
allegiance. And they often attended the assemblies of 
other Christians on the Lord's day, and made confusion 
by opposing the regular minister. 

The following order of Court was passed, 1660: 
" Whereas there is a constant monthly meeting of Qua- 
kers from divers places in great numbers, which is very 
offensive, and may prove greatly prejudicial to the govern- 
ment, and as the most constant place for such meetings 
is at Duxburrow, the Court have desired and appointed 
Constant South worth and William Pay body to repair to 
such meetings, together with the marshal or constable 
of the town, and to use their best endeavours, by argu- 
ment and discourse, to convince or hinder them." 

The people of this ancient town are still distinguished 
for great simplicity of manners, for economy, industry 
and enterprise ; and the population is much increased 
within the last thirty years. 

In this circumstantial and detailed account, my ob- 
ject has been to preserve some recollections of the first 
settlers of Plymouth colony. If I have yielded too 
much to local feelings, I hope you will excuse them. 
With great respect, &c. 



President of the Historical Society. 5 


BOSCAWEN is a pleasantly situated town in the 
county of Hillsborough, on the west side of Merrimack 
River, in latitude 43° 19' north. It is six and a half 
miles in length and six and a quater in breadth, and 
contains about forty square miles. It is bounded north 
by Salisbury, east by the River Merrimack, which di- 


vides it from Canterbury, Northfield and a part of San- 
bornton, south by Concord and Hopkinton, and west by 

Beside the Merrimack, which forms the eastern boun- 
dary, the west part of the town is watered by Black water 
River,, running parallel with the former through the 
whole extent of the town, and about five miles distant 
from it. It is not a large stream, but very important, 
both on account of the fertile fields on. its borders, and 
the numerous water privileges it affords. It empties it- 
self into Contoocook River in Hopkinton. There are 
several other streams of less note gliding through the 
valleys, imparting richness and fertility to almost every 
farm, and some of them affording sites for water ma- 
chinery. Over these streams this town supports more 
than two miles in length of plank bridges. There are 
seventeen saw mills, Hve grain mills, five carding ma- 
chines, two mills for grinding tanners' bark, and one 
for grinding lead for potters' ware. 

Great Pond lies near the centre of the town, and is 
about two miles in length and one mile in width. Long 
Pond, in the west part of the town, is two miles long, 
and from one half to three-fourths of a mile wide. Both 
abound with fish common to fresh water ponds, and each 
furnishes a mill seat at its outlet. 

Jlspect and Soil. 
In general aspect, Boscawen presents a surface agree- 
ably diversified by such an alternation of hill, plain and 
valley, as is equally gratifying to the eye of the traveller, 
and serviceable to the more important views of agricul- 
ture. The soil seems to admit of three divisions — the 
intervale, plain, and highland. The intervale upon the 
Merrimack, nearly the whole length of the town, is 
widely extended ; it was originally very fertile, and at 
this period bountifully rewards the labour of the hus- 
bandman. Bordering the intervales on the west, are 


large plains, the natural growth of which was hard wood 
and white pine. The soil here is thinner, but when cul- 
tivated yields rich harvests of grain. The high land, 
which comprises about five-sevenths, of the whole town, 
lies in large swells far extending from the north to the 
south. The natural growth is white oak and hard wood. 
It is of a deep, productive soil, affording many good 
farms, most delightfully situated. The vales, though 
less noticeable, are not less productive. Compared with 
towns in its vicinity, Boscawen is not hilly. There are 
few spots were stones abound. There are no morasses 
nor stagnant waters. 

Health, Mortality, fyc. 
From the numerous streams of living water, and the 
peculiar direction of the swells of the hills, this town 
probably derives that pure air and uniform temperature, 
which so generally prevail, and which are so conducive 
to health. The number of deaths for the last eleven 
years, ending the 1st of January, 1819, was 269. The 
number of births on the records, prior to that time, was 
1395, which falls considerably short of the whole number. 

There are 13 school districts, which average about 35 
scholars to each, and 13 school houses, most of which 
have been lately built, and are commodious. For the 
attention paid to education in this town, much credit is 
due to the indefatigable exertions of the Rev. Dr. Wood, 
who, since his settlement, has entered at the different 
New England colleges between 80 and 90 young- gen- 
tlemen* of whom 31 have been engaged in the work of 
the ministry. 

Societies and Library. 

This town is distinguished for the number and re- 
spectability of its societies. There is a Musical Society, 
a Moral Society, an Agricultural Society, a Society to 
aid in the education of heathen children, which have paid 
in two years one hundred and seventeen dollars ; and two 

vol. x. » 11 


Female Cent Societies, paying annually about fifty dol- 
lars. The Boscawen Social Library was founded the 
7th February, 1792, and incorporated the 2d December, 
1797. It contains about 220 volumes. 

In 1740, there were between 20 and 30 families ; in 
1760, there were between 50 and 60 families ; in 1775, 
the number of inhabitants was 585; 1790, 1108; in 
1800, 1414; and in 1810, 1828. The census of the 
present year will probably give about 2300. 


The principal village is in the east section of the town. 
It has about 30 dwelling houses, situated on a spacious 
street, nearly two miles in length, very straight and 
level. The Fourth New Hampshire Turnpike passes 
through this village. Here the eye of the observant 
traveller is attracted and delighted by the fertile intervales 
and windings of the Merrimack, on which, to this place, 
it is expected boats from Boston^ through the Middlesex 
Canal, will soon arrive. 

There is another village now forming on a pleasant 
eminence, near the west meeting-house, promising, at 
no very distant period, a centre of business. There is a 
meeting-house in each of these villages. 

The early church records of this town are lost, and the 
date of the formation of the First Congregational Church 
is not ascertained. Rev. Phineas Stevens, A. M. who was 
graduated at Harvard College in 1734, was the first min- 
ister. He was ordained over the church at Contoocook, 
the original name, the 29th October, 1740, and died the 
1 9th January, 1755. He was succeeded by Rev. Robie 
Morrill, A. M. who was graduated at Harvard College in 
1755, and was ordained 29th December, 1761. He was 
regularly dismissed 9th December, 1766. Mr. Morrill 
was succeeded by Rev. Nathaniel Merrill, A. B. who was 
graduated at Harvard College in 1767. He was ordain- 


ed the 26th October, 1768, and dismissed the 1st April, 
1774. Mr. Merrill was succeeded by Rev. Samuel Wood, 
D. D. a native of Connecticut, who was graduated at 
Dartmouth College in 1779. He was ordained the 17th 
October, 1781, when his church consisted of 20 mem- 
bers. The civil contract between him and the town be- 
ing dissolved, the religious society over which he pre- 
sides was formed in 1802, and incorporated the 18th 
June, 1807. His connexions with the church have ever 

Tjie Second Religious Society was formed the 20th 
March, 1804, and incorporated the 19th June, 1810. 
The Second Congregational Church was organized the 
10th September, 1804, and Rev. Ehenezer Price, A. M. 
was installed on the 26th of the same month. Mr. Price 
is a native of Newburyport, was graduated at Dartmouth 
College, 1793, and had, previously to his settlement in 
this town, been ordained at Belfast in Maine. The 
number of communicants in both churches, in 18.19, was 
about 300. Two hundred and fifty-nine have been added 
to the first, and ninety-two to the second church, since the 
settlement of their respective pastors. 

This town was granted by the General Court of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay, in 1733, to ninety-one proprietors, who 
held their first meeting on the 2d May, at Newburyport. 
The proprietors gave to it the name Contoocook, its 
original Indian name, which it retained until the town 
was incorporated. It was divided into 104 shares, 
of which 91 were appropriated to the proprietors, 9 to 
gentlemen for their services and influence, and 4 for 
publick uses. The first settlement commenced, early in 
the season of 1734, by Nathaniel Danforth, Andrew 
Bohonnon, Moses Burbank, Stephen Gerrish and Ed- 
ward Emery. Others soon followed, to the number of 
27 families. On the 7th January, 1735, Abigail Dan- 
forth was born, the first child of European extract born 
in the place ; and she with the two next born were living 
in 1819. To defend these families against the hostilities 


of the Indians, the proprietors built for them, in 1739, 
a log fort, 100 feet square and 10 feet high, where they 
and succeeding settlers lived in garrison several years. 
They had previously built a convenient log house for 
divine worship and their publick meetings. Notwith- 
standing the protection afforded by these means of secu- 
rity, several persons were killed in 1746, and others 
taken prisoners. Among the killed were Elisha Cook 
and his son, with a man of colour ; of the prisoners 
were Thomas Jones, Enos Bishop and Nathaniel Maloon, 
his wife and whole family (excepting one son) who were 
carried to Canada. Mr. Jones died in captivity. 

Contoocook w T as incorporated the 22d April, 1760, 
when it received the name of Boscawen, in compliment 
to Edward Boscawen, a celebrated English admiral, who 
died the 10th June, 1761. The first town meeting was 
on the 18th June, 1760, when George Jackman was chosen 
town clerk, and continued in that office thirty-sixyears suc- 
cessively. This venerable man is still living, in the 85th 
year of his age, in the possession of his faculties, and 
displaying great vigour of mind. He was twenty-two 
years one of the selectmen, four years representative to 
the General Court, twice a delegate to the State Conven- 
tion, fifty-nine years proprietor's clerk, and has been a 
member of the church forty-four years. He was com- 
missioned a justice of the peace under George II. and 
has been in commission under all the changes of govern- 
ment since, and perhaps has been the longest in commis- 
sion of any man in the state. 

For the greater part of the preceding account, the 
writer acknowledges his obligations to the Rev. Dr. 
Wood, and Rev. Mr. Price, ministers of said town, 
who kindly furnished him with a valuable document 
relative to its topography and earlv history. 


Amherst, N. H. 4 January, 1821. 

Rev. J. Holmes, D. D. 



MR. WINTHROP was descended through a very 
respectable line of ancestors, from John Winthrop first 
governour of Massachusetts ; and was of the fifth gene- 
ration from that worthy and justly celebrated character. 
Gov. Winthrop was of a distinguished family in Groton, 
in England, about fifty miles from London. On a 
sepulchral monument, in that place, his great grandfather 
is called, " the Lord and Patron of Groton." It was 
most fortunate, or rather, we should say, it was providen- 
tial, that such a character as Gov. Winthrop was dis- 
posed to join the perilous enterprize of establishing an 
English and Christian colon v in this new world, in 1630. 
He was very ably and happily qualified for the situation. 
Like many others, who early came to New England, he 
had great piety, and great firmness of character, which 
fitted him to guide and govern an infant plantation, 
where peculiar trials and sufferings were to be endured, 
and society almost to be formed anew. The father of 
Judge Winthrop was a professor in Harvard College. 
He was very eminent as a mathematician and astrono- 
mer ; and was also greatly distinguished as a statesman 
and patriot. 

Mr. Winthrop became a member of the University 
at the early age of thirteen ; and made good improve- 
ment of the advantages he enjoyed. He soon discovered 
a fondness for mathematical pursuits, in which he excel- 
led ; and as a classical scholar, he ranked among the first 
of his contemporaries. He was, in truth, a man of vari- 
ous and extensive literature. In philosophy, and in a 
knowledge of the rudiments of general language, he 
particularly excelled. He also read all the learned, 
modern languages ; as the French, Spanish, Italian and 
German ; and few persons understood the Hebrew so 


well as he did. In the latter part of his life, he acquired 
a considerable acquaintance with the Chinese. 

On leaving college, he gave his attention to no parti- 
cular study, with a view to a profession for life. Yet he 
was very studious, and ambitious of a literary character, 
contemplating, probably, some professorship in the Uni- 
versity. In 1771, he was appointed Librarian; and on 
the death of his father, in 1778, he had the support of 
many learned men and friends of the college for the chair 
of mathematicks and natural philosophy. But he was 
not chosen. His manners were peculiar and eccentrick, 
and not the most conciliating. He was very independent 
in his sentiments ; and by some was considered obstinate 
and conceited. There was, also, at this time, an appre- 
hension of his becoming addicted to intemperance, 
which probably operated to prevent his election. It may 
be thought that friendship would dictate the concealment 
of such a charge. But it will not be discreditable to 
Judge Winthrop, we believe, to have mentioned this 
temporary defect of character, when it is stated, as it may 
be with the strictest truth, that his good resolutions were 
stronger than his passions ; and that for the last thirty 
years of his life, he was perfectly correct and temperate 
in all his habits. 

At the time of our political controversy with Great 
Britain, he was in all the vigour and ardour of youth ; 
and he early discovered an interest and a decision, in rela- 
tion to the dispute, which justly entitle him to the high 
honour of a firm and zealous patriot. In this respect, as 
well as in his literary taste and pursuits, he followed the 
steps of his respected and venerable father. In 1775, he 
was appointed post master in Cambridge, which was 
considered a responsible office, as the American army 
was stationed in that place. His ardent and patriotick 
feelings induced him, on the morning of the memorable 
17th of June, to join the detachment, which had taken 
possession of Breed's Hill in Charlestown, during the pre- 
ceding night. He armed himself, and in company with 
Major James Swan, proceeded to Charlestown; and a 
part of the distance, they were accompanied by. the brave 


and patriotick Warren, who fell in that memorable 
battle. Mr. Winthrop was at the redoubt, and at the 
temporary breastwork thrown up on the eastern side of 
the hill, and was among the last who left Charlestown, 
when the American troops were obliged to retreat. In 
descending the eminence towards the neck, he was 
struck by a musket ball. Though the wound was, for- 
tunately, not mortal, the shock was so powerful as to 
throw him prostrate on the ground. The enemy did not 
pursue our troops ; and he escaped, and returned to 

Professor Winthrop was, soon after this time, made 
judge of probate for the county of Middlesex by the 
Provincial Congress, and his son was appointed his regis- 
ter. He remained in the office till his father's death, 
during the judgeship of O. Prescott, and also in the time 
of J. Prescott, until the year 1817, when he resigned. 
He was in this laborious and responsible station upwards 
of forty years, and discharged its various duties with 
ability, promptitude and fidelity. 

In 1779, he accompanied Professor Sewall and several 
other learned gentlemen, to Penobscot, to make observa- 
tions on the transit of the planet Venus over the sun's 
disc ; which, in that meridian, was more fully to be seen 
than at Cambridge. When the unhappy insurrection took 
place in the interiour of the state, in the year 1786, Mr. 
Winthrop attended General Lincoln, as a volunteer, 
and was among the most active in suppressing the riotous 
assemblies of the people, and in discountenancing the 
sentiments, by which many inconsiderate citizens were, 
at that time, actuated. 

Mr. Winthrop continued in the office of librarian about 
twenty years ; and although he was register of probate 
the greater part of the time, and several years, also, a 
judge of the Court of Pleas for Middlesex, he found 
leisure for much reading. He had also a very valuable 
library of his own. And for the last thirty years of his 
life, he was engaged, occasionally, and when publick du- 
ties permitted, in theological, mathematical and philolo- 
gical studies. With Christian theology he was particu- 


larly conversant. He was a firm believer in the divine 
origin of the gospel, and made publick profession of it, 
as the only foundation of a hope of immortality. The 
Jewish history and ancient chronology were also very 
familiar to him : and the prophecies he studied with un- 
usual interest and diligence. He published several essays 
on the subject, which discover great ingenuity and learn- 
ing ; although by some they have been considered more 
fanciful than solid and satisfactory. But it should be 
considered, that the subject of prophecies is necessarily 
involved in some difficulty and obscurity ; and that the 
most learned men, who have attempted to explain them, 
have often exposed their own comparative ignorance and 

In his intercourse with others he was strictly just ; and 
was ever ready, by his bounty, to assist the meritorious 
poor. He also possessed much of a publick spirit. The 
West Boston Bridge and the Middlesex Canal were for- 
warded by his early and active influence : and he was 
one of the founders of the Historical Society, whose la- 
bours are becoming more valuable in the estimation of an 
enlightened community, and by whose attention and in- 
dustry many important publick documents have been 
rescued from oblivion. Judge Winthrop took a great 
interest in the objects of this association. He was one 
of the standing committee till his death, and was seldom 
absent from his place at the hour of meeting. 

If we were to speak of his social qualities, we might 
justly add, that he was a pleasant, and generally an instruc- 
tive companion. His conversation was most frequently 
on useful and literary topicks ; and yet there was, some- 
times, an appearance of trifling and levity in familiar dis- 
course, which induced a stranger to form an opinion not 
sufficiently favourable to his learning and his worth. We 
have no hesitation, however, in ranldng him among the 
most learned, useful and patriotick citizens of Massa- 



Advertisement to the 'present Edition, 

XT was the intention of the Historical Society to have 
published in the present volume of their Collections the 
copious English and Indian Vocabulary ofJosiah Cotton, 
Esquire, mentioned in their last volume.* At the time, 
however, when that was contemplated, it was not consid- 
ered, that a large part of the present volume was to be 
reserved for a General Index to the ten volumes, which 
form the Second Series of the Collections ; and this 
Index, together with several articles, which had been pre- 
pared for publication, would not allow sufficient room for 
the whole of the manuscript alluded to : It became neces- 
sary, therefore to defer the publication of that work for 
the present. But, as the attention of the learned, both at 
home and abroad, is now so much engaged in the subject 
of the Indian Languages, the Society have felt an unwil- 
lingness to intermit their co-operation in a department of 
learning, which has peculiar claims upon every Ameri- 
can. The.y have, therefore, thought it would be useful 
to continue their intended series of Indian Tracts, at this 
time, by a republication of Dr. Edwards' Observations 
on the Language of the Muhhekaneew Indians. This 
short, but valuable tract, was originally printed in the 
year 1788, and was afterwards republished ;f but it is 
again entirely out of print. The w T ork has been for some 
time well known in Europe, where it has undoubtedly 
contributed to the diffusion of more just ideas, than once 
prevailed, respecting the structure of the Indian lan- 
guages, and has served to correct some of the errours, 
into which learned men had been led by placing too im- 

* See the Introductory Observations to Eliot's Indian Grammar in Hist. 
Collect, vol. ix. p 241, ot' the present series. 

t See Carey's American Museum, vol. v. p. 22. 
VOL. X. - 12 


plicit confidence in the accounts of hasty travellers and 
blundering interpreters. In the Mithridates, that 
immortal monument of philological research, Professor 
Vater refers to it for the information he has given upon 
the Mohegan language, and he has published large ex- 
tracts from it.* The work, indeed, has the highest 
claims to attention, from the unusually favourable cir- 
cumstances, in which the author was placed for acquiring 
a thorough acquaintance with the language, as he has par- 
ticularly stated in his Preface. To a perfect familiarity 
with this dialect (which, it seems, he began to learn at 
six years of age among the natives) he united a stock of 
grammatical and other learning, which well qualified him 
for the task of reducing an unwritten language to the 
rules of grammar. But, though he might have relied 
upon his own knowledge alone, yet so extremely solici- 
tous was he to have the work entirely free from errours, 
that, lest his disuse of the language for some time might 
possibly have exposed him to mistakes, he took pains to 
consult an intelligent chief of the tribe, (who was ac- 
quainted with English as well as his native language) 
before he would commit the work to the press. Rarely 
indeed does it happen to any man to be so favourably 
circumstanced for the acquisition of exact knowledge on 
these subjects ; and the present work may accordingly 
be regarded as a repository of information, upon which 
the reader can place reliance. 

While the present edition of the Observations was pre- 
paring for the press, it occurred to the editor, that the 
learned author might possibly have made a revision of 
the work in his life time, and that his corrections might 
be in the possession of his descendants. Application was 
accordingly made, at the editor's request (by the Rev. Dr. 
Holmes, Corresponding Secretary of the Society) to J.W. 
Edwards, Esquire, of Hartford, a son of the author, for 
the purpose of obtaining the use of a revised copy, if any 
such existed. It will be seen, however, by the following 

* Mithridates^ vol. iii. part 3, p. 394, note. These extracts appear to have 
been made from the copy in Caret/ s Amcr. Museum, in which some slight 
typographical errours ate to be found. 


extract from the reply of Mr. Edwards, that no entire 
revision of the work was ever made, with a view to re- 
publication, but only a few errours of the press corrected : 
"The original manuscript of my father's Observations 
on the Muhhekaneew Language is not found among his 

papers The original impression was taken under 

my father's immediate inspection, and is therefore pro- 
bably pretty free from errours of the press. A copy, 
now in possession of Dr. Chapin, is corrected in my 
father's handwriting; in this, only three typographical 
errours are noticed. They are the following : 

1. "On the 11th page, line 15 from top, the word peh- 

tunquissoo is corrected to read pehtuhquissoo (the 
n should be h.) 

2. "On the 16th page, line 3 from top, the two last syl- 

lables in the last Indian word should be ivukon 
(the original letter is erased and the letter u in- 

3. "On the 17th page, line 19th from top, instead of 

'the third person,' read 'a third person' 

" The essay was never revised or corrected by the 
author, as I have reason to believe, with any view to its 
improvement or future publication. A few facts, tending 
to show my father's acquaintance with the Indian lan- 
guage and his means and advantages of acquiring it, are 
stated in a preface to the Observations, To these I do 
not know that I could add any thing." 

The editor has only to add, that he has thought it 
might be useful, in the present state of these studies 
among us, to add a few Notes to Dr. Edwards' work, 
with a view to confirm some parts of it by observations 
made since his time, and in different parts of the conti- 
nent ; and with the further view of showing the great ex- 
tent of the Delaware language (several dialects of which 
are enumerated in the first page of the work) the editor 
has subjoined a Comparative Vocabulary, containing 
specimens of some of those dialects. In comparing the 
words there given, it may not be unnecessary for the 


reader to be apprised, that, as they are taken from writers 
and other persons of different European nations, it will be 
necessary to give the letters the same powers which they 
have in the languages of those different nations. The 
very same dialect, as written by a German, a Frenchman 
and an Englishman, often appears like so many different 
languages ; and in making an extensive comparison of 
the Indian dialects, the want of a common orthography 
is severely felt by the student. It is to be hoped, how- 
ever, that, with the co-operation of European scholars, 
we shall be able to remedy this inconvenience. 


Salem. Massachusetts, 
May 15, 1822. 



In which the Extent of that Language in North America is shewn ; 
its Genius is grammatically traced; some of its Peculiarities, 
and some Instances of Analogy between that and the Hebrew are 
pointed out. 

Communicated to the Connecticut Society of Arts and Sciences, and 
published at the Request of the Society. 

By Jonathan Edwards, D. D. Pastor of a Church in New Haven, 
and Member of the Connecticut Society of Arts and Sciences. 

New Haven, Printed by Josiah Meigs, m,dcc,lxxxviii. 

3 Preface. 

1 HAT the following observations may obtain credit, 
it may be proper to inform the reader, with what advan- 
tages they have been made. 

When I was but six years of age, my father removed 
with his family to Stockbridge, which, at that time, was 
inhabited by Indians almost solely ; as there were in the 
town but twelve families of whites or Anglo-Americans, 


and perhaps one hundred and fifty families of Indians. 
The Indians being the nearest neighbours, I constantly 
associated with them ; their boys were my daily school- 
mates and play-fellows. Out of my father's house, I 
seldom heard any language spoken, beside the Indian. 
By these means 1 acquired the knowledge of that lan- 
guage, and a great facility in speaking it. It became 
more familiar to me than my mother tongue. I knew 
the names of some things in Indian, which I did not 
know in English ; even all my thoughts ran in Indian : 
and though the true pronunciation of the language is ex- 
tremely difficult to all but themselves, they acknowledg- 
ed, that I had acquired it perfectly ; which, as they said, 
never had been acquired before by any Anglo-American. 
On account of this acquisition, as well as on account of 
my skill in their language in general, I received from 
them many compliments applauding my superiour wis- 
dom. This skill in- their language I have in a good 
measure retained to this day. 

After I had drawn up these observations, lest there 
should be some mistakes in them, I carried them to 
Stockbridge, and read them to Capt. Yoghum, a principal 
Indian of the tribe, who is well versed in his own lan- 
guage, and tolerably informed concerning the English : 
and I availed myself of his remarks and corrections. 

From these facts, the reader will form his own opinion 
of the truth and accuracy of what is now offered him. 

When I was in my tenth year, my father sent me among 
the six nations, with a design that I should learn A 
their language, and thus become qualified to be a 
missionary among them. But on account of the war 
with France, which then existed, I continued among 
them but about six months. Therefore the knowledge 
which I acquired of that language was but imperfect ; 
and at this time I retain so little of it, that I will not 
hazard any particular critical remarks on it. I may ob- 
serve, however, that though the words of the two lan- 
guages are totally different, yet their structure is in some 
respects analogous, particulary in the use of prefixes 
and suffixes. 


5 Observations, fyc. 

The language which is now the subject of observa- 
tion, is that of the Muhhekaneew or Stockbridge In- 
dians. They, as well as the tribe at New London, are 
by the Anglo-Americans, called Mohegans, which is a 
corruption of Muhhekaneew* in the singular, or Muh- 
hekaneok, in the plural. This language is spoken by all 
the Indians throughout New England. Every tribe, as 
that of Stockbridge, that of Farmington, that of New 
London, &c. has a different dialect ; but the language is 
radically the same. Mr. Elliotts translation of the Bible 
is in a particular dialect of this language. The dialect 
followed in these observations, is that of Stockbridge. 
This language appears to be much more extensive than 
any other language in North America. The languages 
of the Delawares in Pennsylvania, of the Penobscots 
bordering on Nova Scotia, of the Indians of St. Francis 
in Canada, of the Shawanese on the Ohio, and of the 
Chippewaus at the westward of Lake Huron, are all rad- 
ically the same with the Mohegan. The same is said 
concerning the languages of the Ottowaus, Nanticooks, 
Munsees, Menomonees, Messisaugas, Saukies, Otta- 
gaumies, Killistinoes, Nipegons, Algonkins, Winneba- 
goes, &c.f That the languages of the several tribes in 
New England, of the Delawares, and of Mr. Elliot's 
Bible, are radically the same with the Mohegan, I assert 
R from my own knowledge. What I assert concern- 
ing the language of the Penobscots, I have from a 
gentleman in Massachusetts, who has been much con- 
versant among the Indians. That the language of the 
Shawanese and Chippewaus is radically the same with the 
Mohegan, I shall endeavour to shew. My authorities 
for what I say of the languages of the other nations are 
Capt. Yoghum, before-mentioned, and Carver's Travels. 

* Wherever w occurs in an Indian word, it is a mere consonant, as in 
work, world, <&c. 

t [See a Comparative Vocabulary of several of these languages, at the 
end of the Notes to the present edition. Edit.] 



To illustrate the analogy between the Mohegan, the 
Shawanee, and the Chippewau languages, I shall exhibit 
a short list of words of those three languages. For the 
list of Mohegan words, I myself am accountable. That 
of the Shawanee words was communicated to me by 
General Parsons, who has had opportunity to make a 
partial vocabulary of that language. For the words of 
the Chippewau language I am dependent on Carvers 


A bear 

A beaver 




My Grandfather 

My Grandmother 

My Grandchild 

He goes 

A girl 


He (that man) 

His head 

His heart 


Her husband 

His teeth 

I thank you 

My uncle 






Elder sister 


Mohegan. Shawanee. 

Mquoh Mauquah 

Amisque.* Amaquah 

Hkeesque Skeesacoo 

Towohque Towacah 

Pautoh Peatoloo 

Nemoghhomef Nemasompethau 

Nohhum Nocumthau 

Naughees Noosthethau 

Pumissoo Pomthalo 

Peesquausoo Squauthauthau 

WeekumuhmJ Weecuah 

Uwoh Wei ah 

Weensis Weeseh (I im- 
agine mispelt, for weenseh.) 

Utoh Otaheh 

Weghaukun Welathoh 

Waughecheh Wasecheh 

Wepeeton Wepeetalee 

Wneeweh Neauweh 

Nsees Neeseethau 

Neah Nelah 

Keah Kelah 

Neaunuh Nelauvveh 

Keauwuh Kelauweh 

Nbey Nippee 

Nmees Nemeethau 

Sepoo Thepee 

* e final is never sounded in any Indian word, which 1 write, except mono- 

\ gh in any Indian word has the strong guttural sound, which is given by 
the Scots to the same letters in the words tough, enough, &c. 

X [Qu. Weekuwmhm ? Edit ] 



The following is a specimen of analogy between the 
Mohegan ond Chippewau languages. 




A bear 



. A beaver 



To die (I die) 



Dead (he is dead.) 

Nboo, or nepoo* 


Devil < 

{ MtandoUj or Man- 
[ nitof 

> Manilou 

Dress the kettle > 
(make a fire) ) 



His eyes 






Give it him 



A spirit (a spectre) 






8 House 

W T eekumuhm|| 


An impostor (he 

is an impostor or bad 

> Mtissoo 









Good for nought 









The sun 



Sit down 















Almost every man, who writes Indian words, spells 
them in a peculiar manner : and I dare say, if the same 
person had taken down all the words above, from the 
mouths of the Indians, he would have spelt them more 

* The first syllable scarcely sounded. 

f The last of these words properly signifies a spectre, or any thing frightful. 

X Wherever u occurs, it has not the long sound of the English u as in com- 
mune ; but the sound of u in vncle, though much protracted. The other 
vowels are to be pronounced as in English. 

|| [Qu. Weekufcuhm? Edit.] 


alike, and the coincidence would have appeared more 
striking. Most of those, who write and print Indian 
words, use the letter a where the sound is that of oh or 
mi. Hence the reader will observe, that in some of the 
Mohegan words above, o or oh is used, w T hen a or ah is 
used in the correspondent words of the other languages ; 
as Mqnoh, Mauquah. I doubt not the sound of those 
two syllables is exactly the same, as pronounced by the 
Indians of the different tribes. 

It is not to be supposed, that the like coincidence is 
extended to all the words of those languages. Very ma- 
ny w r ords are totally different. Still the analogy is such 
as is sufficient to show, that they are mere dialects of the 
same original language. 

I could not, throughout; give words of the same signifi- 
cation in the three languages, as the two vocabu- q 
laries from which I extracted the Shawanee and 
Chippewan words, did not contain words of the same sig- 
nification, excepting in some instances. 

The Mohauk, which is the language of the Six Nations, 
is entirely different from that of the Mohegans. There 
is no more appearance of a derivation of one of these last 
mentioned languages from the other, than there is of a 
derivation of either of them from the English. One ob- 
vious diversity, and in which the Mohauk is perhaps dif- 
ferent from every other language, is, that it is wholly 
destitute of labials; whereas the Mohegan abounds with 
labials. I shall here give the numerals, as far as ten, 
and the Pater JYoster, in both languages. 

Mohegan. Mohauk. 

Ngwittoh Uskot 

Neesoh Teggeneh 

Noghhoh Ohs 

Nauwoh Kialeh 

Nunon Wisk 

Ngwittus Yoiyok 

Tupouwus Chautok 

Ghusooh Sottago 

Nauneeweh Teuhtoh 

Mtannit Wialeh 

VOL. X. 13 


The Pater Noster, in the Mohegan language, is as 
follows : 

Noghnuh, ne spummuck oieon, taugh mauweh wneh 
wtukoseauk neanne annuwoieon. Taugh ne aunchuwu- 
tammum wawehtuseek maweh noh pummeh. Ne 
annoihitteech mauweh awauneek noh hkey oiecheek, 
ne aunchuvvutamniun, ne aunoihitteet neek spummuk 
oiecheek. Menenaunuh noonooh wuhkamauk tquogh 
nuh uhhuyutamauk ngummauweh. Ohquutamouwe- 
naunuh auneh mumachoieaukeh, ne anneh ohquutamou- 
woieauk numpeh neek mumacheh annehoquaukeek. 
Cheen hquukquaucheh siukeh annehenaunuh. Pannee- 
weh htouwenaunuhneenmaumtehkeh. Keahngwehcheh 
In kwiouwauweh mauweh noh pummeh; ktanwoi; 
estah awaun wtinnoiyuwun ne aunoieyon ; hanwee- 
weh ne ktinnoieen. Amen. 

The Pater Noster, in the language of the Six Nations, 
taken from Smith's History of New York, is this : 

Soungwauneha caurounkyawgatehseetaroan sauhson- 
eyousta esa sawaneyou okettauhsela ehneauwoung na 
caurounkyawga nughwonshauga neatewehnesalauga 
taugwaunautoronoantoughsick toantaugweleewheyou- 
staung cheneeyeut chaquataulehwheyoustaunna tough- 
sou taugwaussareneh tawautottenaugaloughtoungga 
nasawne sacheautaugwass coantehsalohaunzaickaw esa 
saw T auneyou esa sashoutzta esa soungwasoungchenneau- 
haungwa; auwen. # 

The reader will observe, that there is not a single labial 
either in the numerals or Pater Noster of this language ; 
and that when they come to amen, from an aversion to 
shutting the lips, they change the m to w.f 

In no part of these languages does there appear to be 
a greater coincidence, than in this specimen. I have 
never noticed one word in either of them, which has any 
analogy to the correspondent word in the other language. 

Concerning the Mohegan language, it is observable, 
that there is no diversity of gender, either in nouns or 
pronouns. The very same words express he and she, 

• [See Note h Edit.] t [See Note 2. Edit.] 


him and her* Hence, when theMohegans speak Eng- 
lish, they generally in this respect follow strictly their 
own idiom : A man will say concerning his wife, he 
sick, he gone away, &c. 

With regard to cases, they have but one variation 
from the nominative, which is formed by the addition of 
the syllable an ; as ivnechun, his child, wnechunan. This 
varied case seems to suit indifferently any case, except 
the nominative.! 

The plural is formed by adding a letter or syllable to 
the singular; as nemannauw, a man, nemannauk, men: 
penumpausoo, a boy, penumpausoouk, boys.J 

TheMohegans more carefully distinguish the natu- 11 
ral relations of men to each other, than we do, or per- 
haps any other nation. They have one word to express 
an elder brother, netohcon ; another to express a younger 
brother, ngheesum. One to express an elder sister, 
nmase ; another to express a younger sister, ngheesum. 
But the word for younger brother and younger sister is 
the same, — JYsase is my uncle by my mother's side: 
nuchehque is my uncle by the father's side. 

The Mohegans have no adjectives in all their lan- 
guage ; unless we reckon numerals and such words as 
all, many, &c. adjectives. || Of adjectives which express 
the qualities of substances, I do not find that they have 
any. They express those qualities by verbs neuter ; as 
ivnissoo, he is beautiful ; mtissoo, he is homely ; pehtuh- 
quissoo, he is tall ; nsconmoo, he is malicious, &c. Thus 
in Latin many qualities are expressed by verbs neuter, as 
valeo, caleo, frigeo, &c. — Although it may at first seem 
not only singular and curious, but impossible, that a 
language should exist without adjectives ; yet it is an 
indubitable fact. Nor do they seem to suffer any incon- 
venience by it. They as readily express any quality by 
a neuter verb, as we do by an adjective. 

If it should be inquired, how it appears that the words 
above mentioned are not adjectives ; I answer it appears, 

* [See Note 3. Edit.] t [See Note 5. Edit.] 

t [See Note 4. Edit.] |] [See Note 7. Edit.] 


as they have all the same variations and declensions of 
other verbs. To walk will be acknowledged to be a 
verb. This verb is declined thus ; npumseh, I walk ; 
kpumseh, thou walkest ; pumissoo, he walketh ; npum- 
sehnuh, we walk; kpumsehmuh, ye walk; pumissoouk, 
they walk. In the same manner are the words in ques- 
tion declined; npehtuhquisseh, I am tall; kpehtuhquisseh, 
thou art tall ; pehtuhquissoo, he is tall ; npehtuhquisseh- 
nuh, we are tall ; kpehtuhquissehmuh, ye are tall ; 
pehtuhquissoouk, they are tall. 

Though the Mohegans have no proper adjectives, 
19 they have participles to all their verbs : as pehtuh- 
quisseet, the man who is tall : paumseet, the man 
who walks ; waunseet, the man who is beautiful ; oieet, 
the man who lives or dwells in a place ; oioteet, the man 
who fights. So in the plural, pehtuhquisseecheek, the 
tall men ; paumseecheek, they who walk, &c. 

It is observable of the participles of this language, that 
they are declined through the persons and numbers, in 
the same manner as verbs : thus, paumse-uh, I walking; 
paumse-an, thou walking; paumseet, he walking; paum- 
seauk, we walking ; paumseauque, ye walking ; paumse- 
cheek, they walking. 

They have no relative corresponding to our who or 
which. Instead of the man who walks, they say, the 
walking man, or the walker.* 

As they have no adjectives, of course they have no 
comparison of adjectives ;f yet they are put to no diffi- 
culty to express the comparative excellence or baseness 
of any two things. With a neuter verb expressive of the 
quality, they use an adverb to point out the degree : as 
annuweeweh wnissoo, he is more beautiful; kahnuh 
wnissoo, he is very beautiful. Nemannauwoo, he is a 
man: annuweeweh nemannauwoo, he is a man of supe- 
riour excellence or courage ; kahnuh nemannauwoo, he 
is a man of extraordinary excellence or courage. 

Beside the pronouns common in other languages, they 
express the pronouns, both substantive and adjective, by 

* [See Note C. Edit.] t [See Note 7. Edit.] 


affixes, or by letters or syllables added at the beginnings, 
or ends, or both, of their nouns. In this particular the 
structure of the language coincides with that of the He- 
brew, in an instance in which the Hebrew differs from 
all the languages of Europe, ancient or modern. How- 
ever, the use of the affixed pronouns in the Mohegan 
language is not perfectly similar to the use of them in 
the Hebrew : as in the Hebrew they are joined to the 
ends of words only, but in the Mohegan, they are some- 
times joined to the ends, sometimes to the beginnings, 
and sometimes to both. Thus, tmohhecan is a hatchet 
or axe; ndumhecan is my hatchet ; ktumhecan, thy .~ 
hatchet; utumhecan, his hatchet; ndumhecannuh, 
our hatchet ; ktumhecanoowuh your hatchet ; utumhe- 
cannoowuh, their hatchet. It is observable, that the 
pronouns for the singular number are prefixed, and for 
the plural, the prefixed pronouns for the singular being 
retained, there are others added as suffixes. 

It is further to be observed, that by the increase of the 
word, the vowels are changed and transposed ; as 
tmohecan, ndumhecan ; the o is changed into u and 
transposed, in a manner analogous to what is often done 
in the Hebrew. The t is changed into d, euphonies gratia. 

A considerable part of the appellatives are never used 
without a pronoun affixed. The Mohegans can say, my 
father, nogh, thy father, kogh, &c. &c. but they cannot 
say absolutely father. There is no such word in all 
their language. If you were to say ogh, which the word 
would be, if stripped of all affixes, you would make a 
Mohegan both stare and smile. The same observation 
is applicable to mother, brother, sister, son, head, hand, 
foot, &c. ; in short to those things in general which ne- 
cessarily in their natural state belong to some person. A 
hatchet is sometimes found without an owner, and there- 
fore they sometimes have occasion to speak of it abso- 
lutely, or without referring it to an owner. But as a 
head, hand, &c. naturally belong to some person, and 
they have no occasion to speak of them without referring 
to the person to whom they belong ; so they have no 
words to express them absolutely. This I presume is a 


peculiarity in which this language differs from all lan- 
guages, which have ever jet come to the knowledge of 
the learned world.* 

The pronouns are in like manner prefixed and suffix- 
ed to verbs. The Mohegans never use a verb in the 
infinitive mood, or without a nominative or agent ; and 
never use a verb transitive without expressing both the 
agent and the object, correspondent to the nominative 
and accusative cases in Latin. Thus they can 
neither say, to love, nor / love, thou givest, &c. 
But they can say, I love thee, thou givest him, &c. viz. 
JYduhwhunmv, I love him or her ; nduhwhuntammin, I 
love it ; ktuhwhunin, I love thee ; ktuhwhunoohmuh, I 
love you, (in the plural) nduhwhununk, I love them. 
This I think, is another peculiarity of this language. 

Another peculiarity is, that the nominative and accusa- 
tive pronouns prefixed and suffixed, are always used, 
even though other nominatives and accusatives be ex- 
pressed. Thus they cannot say, John loves Peter; 
they always say, John he loves him Peter : John uduh- 
whunuw Peteran. Hence, when the Indians begin to talk 
English, they universally express themselves according 
to this idiom. 

It is further observable, that the pronoun in the accu- 
sative case is sometimes in the same instance expressed 
by both a prefix and a suffix ; as kihuwhunin, I love 
thee. The k prefixed, and the syllable in, suffixed, both 
unite to express, and are both necessary to express the 
accusative case thee. 

They have no verb substantive in all the language.f 
Therefore they cannot, say, he is a man, he is a coward, 
&c. They express the same by one word, which is a 
verb neuter, viz. nemannauwoo, he is a man. JYeman- 
nauw is the noun substantive, man: that turned into a 
verb neuter of the third person singular, becomes ne- 
mannauwoo, as in Latin it is said, grEecor, graexatur, &,c. 
Thus they turn any substantive whatever into a verb 
neuter :J as kmattannissauteuh, you are a coward, from 

* [See Note 8. Edit] f [See Note 9. Edit.] 

I [See Note 10. Edit.] 


matansautee, a coward : kpeesquausooeh, you are a girl, 
from peesqausoo, a girl. # 

Hence also we see the reason, why they have no verb 
substantive. As they have no adjectives, and as they 
turn their substantives into verbs on any occasion ; they 
have no use for the substantive or auxiliary verb. 

The third person singular seems to be the radix, 15 
or most simple form of the several persons of their 
verbs in the indicative mood : but the second person sin- 
gular of the imperative seems to be the most simple of 
any of the forms of their verbs ; as meetseh, eat thou : 
meetsoo, he eateth : nmeetseh, I eat : kmeetseh, thou 
eatest, &c. 

They have a past and future tense to their verbs ; but 
often, if not generally, they use the form of the present 
tense, to express both past and future events : as wnuk- 
uwoh ndiotuwohpoh, yesterday I fought ; or ivnukuwoh 
ndiotuwoh, yesterday I fight : ndiotuwauch wupkoh, I 
shall fight to morrow ; or wupkauch ndiotuwoh, to-morrow 
I fight. In this last case the variation of wupkoh to wup- 
kauch denotes the future tense ; and this variation is in 
the word to-morrow, not in the verb fight.f 

They have very few prepositions, and those are rarely 
used, but in composition. Jlnneh is to, ocheh is from. 
But to, from, &c. are almost always expressed by an alter- 
ation of the verb. Thus ndoghpeh is I ride, and Wnogh- 
quetookoke is Stock bridge. But if I would say in In- 
dian, / ride to Stockbridge, I must say, not anneh 
Wnoghquetookoke ndoghpeh, but Wnoghquetookoke ndin- 
netoghpeh. If I would say, / ride from Stockbridge, it 
must be, not ocheh Wnoghquetookoke ndoghpeh, but 
Wnoghquetookoke nochetoghpeh. Thus ndinnoghoh is, I 
walk to a place : notogJwgh, I walk from a place : ndin- 
nehnuh, I run to a place : nochehnuh, I run from a place. 
And any verb may be compounded, with the preposi- 
tions anneh and ocheh, to and from. 

*The circumstance that they have no verb substantive, accounts for their 
not using that verb, when they speak English. They say, / man, I sick, &c. 
t [See Note 11. Edit.] 


It has been said, that savages have no parts of speech 
beside the substantive and the verb. This is not true 
concerning the Mohegans, nor concerning any other 
tribe of Indians, of whose language I have any know- 
ledge. The Mohegans have all the eight parts of speech, 
to be found in other languages ; though prepositions are 
so rarely used, except in composition, that I once deter- 
mined that part of speech to be wanting. It has been 
lfi said, also, that savages never abstract, and have no 
abstract terms, which, with regard to the Mohegans, 
is anoiher mistake. They have nhivhundowukon, love ; 
seekeenundowukon, hatred ; nsconmowukon, malice ; pey uh- 
tommauwukon, religion, &c. I doubt not but that there 
is in this language the full proportion of abstract to con- 
crete terms, which is commonly to be found in other 

Besides what has been observed concerning prefixes 
and suffixes, there is a remarkable analogy between 
some words in the Mohegan language and the corres- 
pondent words in the Hebrew. In Mohegan JYeah is 

I ; the Hebrew of which is AnL Keah is thou or thee : 
the Hebrews use ka the suffix. Uwoh is this man, or 
this thing; very analogous to the Hebrew hu or hua, 
ipse. JYeaunuh is we : in the Hebrew nachnu and anachnu. 

In Hebrew ni is the suffix for me, or the first person. 
In the Mohegan n or ne is prefixed to denote the first 
person : as nmeetseh or nemeetseh, I eat. In Hebrew 
k or ka is the suffix for the second person, and is indif- 
ferently either a pronoun substantive or adjective. Kor 
ka has the same use in the Mohegan language: as 
kmeetseh or kameetseh, thou eatest ; knisk, thy hand. 
In Hebrew the vau, the letters and hu are the suffixes 
for he or him. In Mohegan the same is expressed by u 
or uw 9 and by oo : as nduhwhunuw, I love him, pumissoo, 
he walketh. The suffix to express our or us in Hebrew 
is nu ; in Mohegan the suffix of the same signification is 
nuh ; as noghnuh, our father ; nmeetsehnuh, we eat, &c.f 

* [See Note 12. Edit.] t [See Note 13. Edit.] 


How far the use of prefixes and suffixes, together with 
these instances of analogy, and perhaps other instances, 
which may be traced out by those who have more 
leisure, go towards proving, that the North American 
Indians are of Hebrew, or at least Asiatick extraction, is 
submitted to the judgment of the learned. The facts 
are demonstrable ; concerning the proper inferences ev- 
ery one will judge for himself. In the modern Arme- 
nian language, the pronouns are affixed.* How far 
affixes are in use among the other modern Asiaticks, 
I have not had opportunity to obtain information. It is 
to be desired, that those who are informed, would com- 
municate to the public what information they may pos- 
sess, relating to this matter. Perhaps by such commu- 
nication, and by a comparison of the languages of the 
North American Indians with the languages of Asia, it 
may appear not only from what quarter of the world, but 
from wdiat particular nations, these Indians are derived. 

It is to be wished, that every one who makes a vocab- 
ulary of any Indian language, would be careful to notice 
the prefixes and suffixes, and to distinguish accordingly. 
One man may ask an Indian, what he calls hand in his 
language, holding out his own hand to him. The In- 
dian will naturally answer knisk, i. e. thy hand. Another 
man will ask the same question, pointing to the Indian's 
hand. In this case, he will as naturally answer ?inisk, 
my hand. Another may ask the same question, pointing 
to the hand of a third person. In this case, the answer 
will naturally be unisk, his hand. This would make a 
very considerable diversity in the corresponding words of 
different vocabularies ; when if due attention were ren- 
dered to the personal prefixes and suffixes, the words 
would be the very same, or much more similar. 

The like attention to the moods and personal affixes of 
the verbs is necessary.f If you ask an Indian how he 
expresses in his language, to go or walk, and to illustrate 
your meaning, point to a person who is walking ; he 

* Vide Schroderi thesaurum Linguae Armenicae. 
(t See Note 14. Edit.) 

VOL. x. 14 


will tell you pumissoo, he walks. If, to make him under- 
stand, you walk yourself, his answer will be kpumseh, 
thou walkest. If you illustrate your meaning by point- 
ing to the walk of the Indian, the answer will be npumseh, 
I walk. If he take you to mean go or walk, in the im- 
perative mood, he will answer pumisseh, walk thou. 


XN the Introductory Observations prefixed to Eliot's Grammar 
of the Massachusetts Indian Language (published in the pre- 
ceding volume of these Collections) it was stated to be an ob- 
servation of the early American writers, that there was but one 
principal Indian language throughout all JNew England, and 
even in territories beyond it ; and that, this observation was in 
accordance with the opinions of the later writers, who had taken 
a more extended view of the various dialects than was prac- 
ticable at the first settlement of the country. In the same 
place the reader was referred to the opinions of the Rev. Dr. 
Edwards and the Rev. Mr. Heck ew elder ; both of whom, it was 
observed, agreed in the fact as stated by the old writers, and 
only differed from one another in this circumstance, that each 
of them considered the particular dialect, with which he hap- 
pened to be most familiar, as the principal or standard lan- 
guage, and the rest as branches, or dialects, of it. Dr. Ed- 
wards, therefore, as the reader will have already seen in the 
present work, speaks of the Mohegan as the principal or funda- 
mental language, which "is spoken by all the Indians of New 
England ;" while Mr. Heckewelder, on the other hand, con- 
siders the Delaware (more properly called the Lenni Lenape) 
as the common stock of the same dialects ; observing, that 
" this is the most widely extended language of any of those, 
that are spoken on this side of the Mississippi. It prevails (he 
adds) in the extensive regions of Canada, from the coast of 
Labrador to the mouth of Albany River, which falls into the 
furthermost part of Hudson's Bay, and from thence to the 
Lake of the Woods, which forms the north-western boundary 
of the United States. It appears to be the language of all the 
Indians of that extensive country, except those of the Iroquois 
stock, which are by far the least numerous." # 

* Transactions of the Historical and Literary Committee, &c. p. 106. 


Although the high authority, on which we have these opinions, 
will hardly be thought to need any support, yet the Editor has 
thought it would be satisfactory to many readers, to see speci- 
mens of the dialects themselves ; and he has accordingly an- 
nexed a short Comparative Vocabulary* of several, which are only 
mentioned by name in Dr. Edwards' work as belonging to the 
common stock, of which he speaks. Authentick specimens of 
these dialects could not easily be obtained at the period when 
Dr. Edwards wrote ; and at the present time some of them, per- 
haps, are only to be found in the extensive collection of Mr. Du 
Ponceau, to whose ardour in the cause of learning our country is 
so much indebted for its literary character abroad as well as 
at home These specimens, while they afford ample proof 
of the justness of Dr. Edwards and Mr. Heckewelder's 
opinions on this point, will not be without use in some other 
respects. The Editor has thought it proper to confine himself 
to the short list of English words given by Dr. Edwards (pp. 6 
and 7) as far as the corresponding Indian words could be found 
in those vocabularies, to which he bad access. The List might 
have been much enlarged ; but, short as it is, it will be found 
sufficient for the present purpose. In this comparative view of 
the several dialects, the reader will, undoubtedly, be much sur- 
prised to discover the remarkable fact, that even the very distant 
tribes, known to us by the name of Cree or Knisteneaux Indians 
(sometimes called Killistenoes) whose territories lie towards the 
Pacifick Ocean, nearly as far as the Rocky Mountains, speak a 
kindred dialect with the tribes on the coasts of the Atlantick. 

In addition to this comparative Vocabulary, the Editor has 
thought it might be gratifying to most readers, to see some com- 
parisons of the grammatical structure of the American langua- 
ges ; and he has, therefore, added some remarks on that subject 
also. But these remarks, though not limited to the Northern 
dialects alone, are necessarily confined to a very few particu- 

NOTE 1. 

On the evidence of affinity or diversity of dialect, to be derived 
from specimens of the Indian Numerals, and translations of the 
Pater Noster. 

P. 10. Dr. Edwards here makes a comparison of the Pater 
Noster and the Numerals in Mohegan and Mohawk, for the pur- 

* See the end of these Notes. 


pose of giving his reader some general idea of the difference 
between those two languages. But these specimens* alone were, 
probably, not intended as conclusive evidence on this point/; 
for he goes on to state, from his own knowledge, that " in no 
part of these languages does there appear to be a greater coin- 
cidence than in this specimen." Persons who are as familiarly 
acquainted with any one of the Indian dialects, as Dr. Edwards 
was, and who have observed the manner in which translations 
are made into thern, will not hastily draw a general inference, 
respecting their similarity or dissimilarity, from such specimens 
alone. But the student, who is just entering upon these inqui- 
ries, should attend to the following cautions of Mr. Du Ponceau 
and Mr. Heckewelder. 

In respect to the translations of the Pater Noster, the former 
of those writers observes : u Notwithstanding the strong affinity, 
which exists between the Massachusetts and these various lan- 
guages of the Algonkin or Lenape class, is too clear and too 
easy of proof to be seriously controverted, yet it is certain, that 
a superficial observer might with great plausibility deny it alto- 
gether. He would only have to compare the translation of the 
Lord's Prayer into the Massachusetts, as given by Eliot in his 
Bible, Mat. vi. 9, and Luke xi. 2, with that of Heckewelder into 
the Delaware from Matthew, in the Historical Transactions, 
vol i. page 439, where he would not find two words in these two 
languages bearing the least affinity to each other. But this does not 
arise so much from the difference of the idioms, as from their 
richness, which afforded to the translators multitudes of words 
and modes of expressing the same ideas, from which to make a 
choice ; and they happened not to hit upon the same forms of 
expression." Mr. Du Ponceau then further observes, that " even 
Eliot's own translations of the Lord's Prayer, as given m Mat- 
thew and Luke, differ more from each other than the variations 
of the text require." Notes on Eliofs Indian Grammar, p. vii. 

" On the subject of the Numerals (says Mr. Heckewelder) I 
have had occasion to observe, that they sometimes differ very 
much in languages derived from the same stock. Even the 
Minsi* a tribe of the Lenape or Delaware nation, have not all 
their numerals like those of the Unami tribe, which is the prin- 
cipal among them. I shall give you an opportunity of com- 
paring them : 

Called by Edwards (p. 5) the Munsees. Edit. 



Numerals of the Minsi 

Numerals of the Unami 

1 Gutti 

1 N'gutti 

2 Nischa 

2 Nischa 

3 Nacha 

3 Nacha 

4 Newa 

4 Newo 

5 Nalan (Algonk. narau) 

5 Palenach 

6 Guttasch 

6 Guttasch 

7 Nischoasch (Algonk. nissouassou 

7 Nischasch 

8 Chaasch 

8 Chasch 

9 Nolewi 

9 Peschkonk 

10 Wimbat 

10 Tellen. 

" You will easily observe, that the numbers Jive and ten in the 
Minsi dialect resemble more the Algonkin, as given by La 
Hontan, than, the pure Delaware. I cannot give you the rea- 
son of this difference. To this you will add the numerous 
errours committed by those who attempt to write down the 
words of the Indian languages, and who either in their own 
have not alphabetical signs adequate to the true expression of 
the sounds, or want an Indian ear to distinguish them. 1 could 
write a volume on the subject of their ridiculous mistakes." 
Correspondence with Mr. Da Ponceau, in Historical Transac- 
tions, vol. i. p. 381. 

As an example of the effect of the difference in orthography, 
to which Mr. Heckewelder here alludes, the Editor subjoins the 
Mohawlc numerals, as given by Edwards, and as they are writ- 
ten in the "Primer for the use of the Mohawk Children," pub- 
lished in 1786; in which last, however, it should be observed, 
that it is designed to give the foreign sounds to the vowels: 

From the Mohawk Primer. 

1 Uskat 

2 Tekeny 

3 Aghsea 

4 Kayery 

5 Wisk 

6 Yayak 

7 Tsyadak 

8 Sadego 

9 Tyoughtouh 
L0 Oyery 

From Edwards. 

1 Uskot 

2 Teggenneh 

3 Ohs 

4 Kialeh 

5 Wisk 

6 Yoiyok 

7 Chautok 

8 Sottago 

9 Teuhtoh 
10 Wialeh. 

The Pater Noster, in the same Primer, is also very different 
in its orthography from the one originally published in Smith's 
History of New York, (afterwards published by Edwards, and 


more recently in the Mithrid 'cites) and, as this Primer is now a 
rare book among us, and this copy of the prayer is not pub- 
lished in the Mithridates, the Editor has thought it might be 
useful to insert it in this place : 

From the Mohawk Primer. From Edwards' Observations. 

" Songwaniha ne Karonghyage Soungwauneha eaurounkyawga 

tighsideron, Wasaghseanadogegh- tehseetaroan sauhsoneyousta esa 

tine; Sayanert 'sera iewe ; Tagh- sawaneyou okettauhsela ehneau- 

serre eghniyawan tsiniyought ka- woung na eaurounkyawga nugh- 

ronghyakouh oni Oghwhentsyage : wonshauga neatewehnesalauga 

Niyadewighneserage tacwanada- taugwaunautoronoantoughsick to- 

ranondaghsik nonwa; neoni antaugweleewheyoustaung che* 

tondacwarighwiyoughston, tsini- neeyeut chaquataulehwheyou- 

yought oni Tsyakwadaderighwi- staunna toughsou taugwaussare- 

youghsteani; neoni toghsa tac- neh tawautottenaugaloughtoungga 

waghsarineght Tewadatdenake- nasawne sacheautaugwass coan- 

raghtdnke nesane sadsyadac- tehsalohaunzaickaw esa sawaune- 

waghs ne Kondighserohease. you esa sashoutzta esa soungwa- 

Amen."* soung chenneauhaungwa; auwen. 

NOTE 2. 

The Labials. 

P. 10. Baron La Hontan, in speaking of the want of labials 
in the Huron language (which belongs to the same family with 
the Mohawk, mentioned by Edwards) relates the following fact, 
to show the extreme difficulty, which the Indians of that stock 
experience in learning the European languages, on account of 
the labials. The particular combinations of sounds, into which 
the Indians naturally fall, when attempting to speak those lan- 
guages, may be of some use in the prosecution of these inqui- 

" The Hurons and the Iroquois, (says he) not having the la- 
bials in their languages, it is almost impossible for them to 

* The learned Vater, whose vigilance in these researches nothing can es- 
cape, refers to an edition of this Mohawk Primer of the year 1781, and the 
Common Prayer, in the same language, of the year 1769. See Miihridates, 
vol. iii. part 3, p. 313, note. The only editions, which have come under the 
Editor's notice are, the Primer of 1786, and the Common Prayer of 1787; 
both of which are in the library of Harvard University. 


acquire the French language well. I have spent four days in 
making some Hurons pronounce the labials, but without suc- 
cess ; and I do not believe, they would be able to pronounce 
these French words, ban, fils, monsieur, Pont char train, in ten 
♦years ; for instead of saying bon, they would say ouon ; for fils 
they would say His ; for monsieur, caonsieur, and for Pontchar- 
train, Concha rtrain.^ 

NOTE 3. 

P. 10. " It is observable that there is no diversity of gender, 
either in nouns or pronouns. The very same words express he 
and she, him and her." 

So Eliot says of the Massachusetts dialect: " The variation of 
Nouns is not by male and female, as in other, learned languages, 
and in European nations they do;" but (as he observes after- 
wards) the nouns are classed under the two divisions of animate 
and inanimate, comprehending, respectively, the names of 
animate and inanimate things; under the latter of which, he 
says, are included the names bf nit Vegetables. See his Gram. 
pp. 9, 10. Eliot does not expressly state, as Edwards does, 
»that the same word expresses he and she ; but in his Grammar 
he does not give any distinct word for she, and in his Bible he 
uses the same term for she (namely noh) which in his Grammar 
is translated he. For examples, see the book of Ruth, i. 3 ; ii. 
3, 13, &c. In other places the word noh seems to be equiva- 
lent to the demonstrative pronoun this or that or (what is the 
same thing) the article the : " Noh Moabitseh squa — it is the 
Moabitish damsel," &c. Ruth'u. 6. 

Mr. Heckewelder, in speaking of the Delaware language, has 
the following remarks upon this point: "In the Indian lan- 
guages, those discriminating words or inflexions, which we call 
genders, are not, as with us, in general intended to distinguish 
between male and female beings, but between animate and in- 
animate things or substances. Trees and plai ts (annual plants 
and grasses excepted) are included within the generick class of 
animated beings. Hence the personal pronoun has only two 
modes, if I can so express myself; one applicable to the ani- 
mate, and the other to the inanimate gender ; nekama is the 
personal pronominal form, which answers to he and she in Eng- 


lish. If you wish to distinguish between the sexes, you must 
add to it the word man or woman. Thus, nelcama lenno means 
he or this man ; heJcama ochqueu, she or this woman. This 
may appear strange to a person exclusively accustomed to our 
forms of speech ; but 1 assure you the Indians have no difficulty 
in understanding each other." Correspondence with Mr. Du 
Ponceau, p. 368, Letter vii. The reader will observe here an 
apparent difference of opinion between Eliot and Mr. Hecke- 
welder, in respect to the class of nouns, in which vegetables are 
ranked in these two dialects ; the former calling " all vegetables" 
inanimate, and the latter ranking " trees and plants (annual 
plants and grasses excepted) in the class of animated beings." 
This apparent contradiction was alluded to in Mr. Du Ponceau's 
Notes to Eliot's Grammar (p. xiii.) as well as in the Introducto- 
ry Observations to the same work. If there is, in reality, this 
difference between two kindred dialects, and in a peculiar char- 
acteristick of the Indian languages, the fact is a very remarka- 
ble one. 

In the Delaware language (according to Mr. Zeisberger the 
male of quadrupeds " is expressed by lennowechum, which signi- 
fies the male of beasts, thus — Lennowechum nenayunges, mocca- 
neu, goschgosch, the male of the horse, dog, hog ; and of fowls 

and birds, by lennowehelleu, the male of fowls and birds. 

The females of fowls and birds are called ochquehhelleu, and 
those of quadrupeds, ochquechum." MS. Grammar, See also 
the remarks of Mr. Heckewelder on this point, in the letter last 
cited ; where he adds (in conformity with Mr. Zeisberger also) 
that " there are some animals, the females of which have a 
particular distinguishing name, as nunschetto, a doe ; nunscheach, 
a she-bear." 

NOTE 4. 

The Cases. 

P. 10. " With regard to cases, they have but one variation 
from the nominative," &c. 

Eliot also observes, that in the Massachusetts dialect, the 
nouns are not " varied by cases, cadencies and endings ;" he, 
however, adds — " yet there seemeth to be one cadency or case 
of the first declination of the form animate, which endeth in oh, 
uh or ah, viz. when an animate noun followeth a verb transitive, 
whose object that he acteth upon is without himself." Gram. 
p. 8. But see Mr. Du. Ponceau's Notes on Eliot's Gram. p. xiv. 


In the Delaware, Mr. Zeisberger observes, that there are 
" no declensions as we have in our language ; but this makes 
no deficiency in theirs, as their place is sufficiently supplied hy 
the inseparable pronouns and by verbs, which I call personal, 
or hi the personal mood, because I do not know another name 
for them."* MS. Grammar. 

In the Mexican language (says Gitij) " the noun has no other 
inflexion, than that which serves to distinguish the singular num- 
ber from the plural, as in our language." Saggio di Storia 
Americana, torn. iii. p. 229. The same writer observes, also, 
that "in neweof the Orinolcese languages are the nouns declined 
after the Greek and Latin manner ; for lliey have only two 
terminations, for the singular and plural numbers, as in Italian." 
Ibid. p. 162. 

On the other hand, the Quichuan (or Peruvian) language is 
said to have, in addition to the six cases of the Latin, a seventh 
case, which is calied by Father Torres Rubio the effectivo (the 
sign of which is with) denoting, sometimes the instrument with 
which an act is done, and sometimes the concomitancy of one act 
with another.f 

NOTE 5. 

The Numbers. 

P. 10. " The plural is formed by adding a letter or syllable 
to the singular" he. 

One of the most remarkable features of the American lan- 
guages is, the variety and mode of using the Numbers of the 
nouns and pronouns. Some of them (the Guaranese, for exam- 
ple) have only a singular number, and are destitute of a distinct 
form for the plural.% Some, on the other hand, have not only 
the singular and plural, but a dual also, like the Greek and va- 
rious other languages of the eastern continent ; while a third 

* In the Sovth American languages they are called, by the Spanish gram- 
marians, transitions. 

t Arte y Vocabulario de la Lengua Quichua General de los Indios de el 
Peru. Lima, 17f>4. 

+ In the Guaranese language (which is the common fashionable language 
of Paraguay) according to Gilij, " the pluial number has no distinguishing 
mark from that which is called ihe singular. To designate a multitude, the 
Guaranese use either the word heta (many) or the numerals themselves." 
Saggio di Storia Americana, vol. iii. p. 251. 

VOL. X. 15 


class of them has not only a singular, dual, and plural (that is 
the common unlimited plural of the European languages) but 
also an additional plural, which is denominated by some wri- 
ters the exclusive plural, by others the particular plural, and 
by others the limited plural ; but which, if it should prove to be 
peculiar to the languages of this continent, might very properly 
be called the American plural, as was suggested on a former oc- 
casion.* For an explanation of this number in the Delaware 
and Chippeway languages, the, reader is referred to the Corres- 
pondence of Mr. Heclcewelder with Mr. Du Ponceau (Historical 
Transactions, vol. i. p. 429,) and to Mr. Du Ponceau's Notes on 
Eliot 1 s Grammar, p. xix. To the remarks there made, the Edi- 
tor will only add a few extracts from writers on the South Amer- 
ican languages, to show the general resemblance of the lan- 
guages in different parts of the continent. 

Gilij, in his account of the languages of the Orinoco country, 
after mentioning the great simplicity of the nouns (which have 
no cases) makes the following observations upon the use of the 
nouns in composition with the pronouns of the different num- 
bers : 

11 But, easy as the knowledge of the inflexions of the nouns 
is, when they are used by themselves and unconnected with a 
person, it is excessively difficult and perplexing to acquire the 
various and inconceivable inflexions of the contracted [or com- 
bined] nouns. I shall presently speak of the primitive pronouns, 
and the particles which distinguish them ; but at present I shall 
speak of the inflexions of the nouns ; and it is necessary to 
mention the numerous ones, which those nouns have, that 1 call 

" Let us, then, take a noun which begins with a vowel ; for 
example, the word apoto, a rule. As it stands here, indeed, it 
is an absolute and independent word ; but in contracting (or 
combining) it with the particles of the possessive pronouns, it 
is declined, if I may so speak, in the following manner : 

Japotoi my ruler)* 

Avapotoi thy rule. 

Itapotoi his rule. 

" Thus far every thing is not only clear, but methodical ; but 
at this point the embarrassment of novices in the language be- 

* See Notes on Eliot's Grammar, p. xix 

t The reader will take care to pronounce these words according to the 
powers of the Italian alphabet. 


gins. Jumna-japotoi is our rule ; but the word for our is not a 
word, which can be applied alike in all cases ; though it may 
be used on some occasions, it must not be on all. Let us give 
an example to illustrate this metaphysical point: 

" When a Tamanacan, in addressing us [foreigners] says in 
his own language, jumna-japotoi patcurbe, (our rule is good) the 
expression is correct and elegant. But may it hence be infer- 
red, that he can use the same expression in addressing his own 
countrymen 2 By no means. If his discourse is directed to one 
only, he must say capotoi, that is, our (rule) of us two; in which 
case the dual of the Greeks occurs. But perhaps the speaker 
would address himself to several of his countrymen ; and in that 
case he can no longer make use of the word capotoi, but must 
have recourse to another word, which is limited, in some sort, 
to the persons spoken to, but cannot be applied to others ; that 
is, capotoi-chemo, our rule of us alone. This precision is some- 
thing very different from barbarous. The dual number, indeed, 
is not new to the learned ; but hitherto they have not been 
aware of a plural, which was only applicable to a limited num- 
ber of persons, as we see in the expression capotoi-chemo and 
the like. In my MS. Grammar of the Tamanacan language, I 
have called this mode of speech the determinate plural." The 
author afterwards, referring his readers to what is here said of 
the numbers of the nouns, observes, that precisely the same pe- 
culiarity exists in the numbers of the verbs.* 

The same writer, in speaking of the language of the Incas 
(which, he observes, is very extensively spoken) has the fol- 
lowing observations on this point : 

"It is to be noted (as before observed in the case of the 
Tamanacan language) that the pronoun we is expressed in two 
ways. If the persons spoken to are included with the person 
speaking, v. g. we (Italians) love literature, the idea is to be ex- 
pressed, when other Italians are thus spoken to, by the pro- 
noun gnocancis ; but if the word we is addressed to foreigners, 

then it must be expressed by gnocaicu ; thus, jajancis is our 

father, when another person is included ; but when such other 

is excluded, jajdicu must be used The verb, in the first person 

plural, has the same variation that has been mentioned in the 
pronoun we." 

In the language of Cichitto, [Chiquito] also, he observes, that 
" there is, in the first person plural, the inclusive number, as it 

Saggio, &c. vol. iii. pp. 163 and 181. 


is called, and the exclusive number, exactly as in the language 
of the lncas." * 

Gilij also mentions a singularity in the languages of the Ori- 
noco ; which is, that the plural form of nouns is not applied to 
irrational animals ; but in order to denote the plural in such 
cases, they annex to the noun a numeral, or some word of multi- 
tude ; as, I saw two, three or many tigers, &c. But, again, in 
the case of inanimate beings, they use the plural number ; as, 
mata, the field, matac-ne, the fields ; cene, this thing, cenec-ne, 
these things, &c.f 

In the language of Chili (according to Febres) the noun has 
an analogy to the nouns of the eastern languages, in having 
three numbers, the singular, dual and plural.J 

NOTE 6. 

The Pronoun Relative. 

P. 12. " They have no relative corresponding to our who or 

Both the Delaware and the Massachusetts languages have 
this relative pronoun (See Mr. Du Ponceau's Notes on Eliot's 
Grammar, p. xx.) and it, therefore, appears strange, that a dia- 
lect so closely allied as the Mohegan should be destitute of it. 
Yet it seems hardly possible, that Dr. Edwards could have been 
mistaken in this particular. 

The same deficiency is found in some of the languages of 
South America. In the Quichuan (says Torres Rubio) " there 

is no simple word to express the relative quis or qui but the 

relatives are expressed by the participles," &ic. And Gilij 
says the same thing of the other side of the continent. "The 
Orinokese (says he) know nothing of the relative pronouns who, 
which, &lc. but they nevertheless employ certain expressions 
instead of them, which very well supply their place. In the 
Tamanacan they supply the above relatives by the particle 
manecci ; v. g. Pare Cabruf-po manecci patcurbe, the Father 

* Snggio, &c. pp. 236, 237 and 246. See also Torres Rubio' s Arte, &c. 
pp. 6 and 52. 

t Saggio, &c. 162. 

X Arte de la Lengua general del Reyno de Chile, p. 8- 


who (or he) is in Cabruta, is good. But sometimes, by a la- 
conism, they employ only the latter part of that word ; v. g. 
Ciongaic pe itegeti Pare ntpui necci, what is the name of the Fa- 
ther who is come ? " The Maipuri, instead of the above, make 
use of the particle ri ; v. g. Maisuni-ri caniacau, tacku catti-che, 
he who is bad goes to hell." # 

NOTE 7. 

The Adjectives, and Degrees of Comparison. 

Pp. 11, 12. " The Mohegans have no adjectives in all thtir 

language As they have no adjectives, of course they have no 

comparison of adjectives." 

Mr. Zeisberger, in speaking of the Delaware language, ex- 
presses himself in more qualified terms : " There are not many 
of these [adjectives] because those words, which with us are 
adjectives, here are verbs ; and, although they are not inflected 
through all the persons, yet they have tenses. The adjectives, 
properly so called, end in uwi and owi, and are derived some- 
times from substantives and sometimes from verbs. Ex. Gena- 
muwi, grateful, from genam, thanks ; wewoatamowi, wise, prudent 

from ivewoatam, to be wise There are also adjectives with 

other terminations ; as, 

Nenapalek ...... unworthy, good for nothing. 

Woapelechen white. 

Asgask green. 

Allowad allohak .... powerful, strong. 

Ktemaki poor, miserable, infirm," &tc. 

MS. Gram. 

In the languages of South America, also, the verbs serve as ad- 
jectives. See Febres' Grammar of the Language of Chili, p. 29. 
On the subject of the comparison of adjectives Edwards ob- 
serves, that the Mohegans, in order to express degrees of 
comparison, use an adverb with their verbs that express quali- 
ties; of which he gives this example — " annuweeweh wnissoo, he 
is more beautiful." 

• Saggio, &c. p. 167. 


In the Delaware, also, according to Zeisberger, the degrees 
are distinguished in a similar manner. The comparative degree 
is expressed by the word allowiwi (alloweewee, as it would be 
written in our English orthography) thus: " Wulit, good; 
allowiwi wulit, more good, better." MS. Gram. The word 
allowiwi, it will be observed, is the same with the Mohegan 
anuweeweh ; the letter / of the Delaware being changed (accord- 
ing to the general rule in these two kindred dialects) into n in 
the Mohegan. 

The same mode of expressing this degree of comparison was 
used in the Massachusetts language ; in which also the adverb 
employed for the purpose was substantially the same with those 
of the Delaware and the Mohegan. " There is (says Eliot) no 
form of comparison that I can yet finde, but degrees are ex- 
pressed by a word signifying more; as anue menuhkesu, more 
strong," &tc. Gram. p. 15. 

In some languages of the other parts of this continent, also, 
the same thing has been noticed. In the Mexican language 
(says Gilij) "comparatives are not formed by a new word 
distinguishable from the positive word, but by the adverb 
occacci, which signifies more; v. g. In teuatl occacci tiqualli, 
thou art more good than he." Saggio, &c. torn. iii. p. 230. 
The same author informs us, that the Orinokese " are entirely 
destitute of comparatives ; and their speech resembles in this 
respect the Hebrew. Universally, where one person is com- 
pared with another, they employ a negative mode of expres- 
sion, and instead of saying such an one is better than another, they 
say, such an one is good, and such an one is bad." Ibid. p. 166. 
He makes a similar remark in respect to the language of the 
province of Cichitto [Chiquito] which is near the middle of 
South America. Proceeding still farther south, we find the 
same thing in the language of Chili: "Comparatives (says 
Father Febres) are formed by means of the particles yod 
or doy ; v. g. Pu Patiru yod cumey pu Huinca mo, the Fathers 
are better than the Spaniards ; or thus — Pu Huinca cumey, hu- 
elu pu Patiru yod cumey, the Spaniards are good, but the Fa- 
thers are more good ; or thus, by making a verb of yod or doy — 
Pu Patiru yodvi cumegen mo ta pu Huinca ; that is, the Fathers 
are more than, or exceed, the Spaniards in goodness." # 

* Arte de la Lengua, &c. p. 54. 


NOTE 8. 

P. 13. " A considerable part of the appellatives are never 
used without a pronoun affixed," he. 

Mr. Du Ponceau, in his interesting Correspondence with Mr. 
Heckewelder, has the following remark upon this passage : " On 
the subject of the word father, I observe a strange contradic- 
tion between two eminent writers on Indian languages evidently 
derived from the stock of the Lenni Lenape or Delaware. One 
of them, Roger Williams, in his Key to the Language of the 
New England Indians, says c osh ■ (meaning probably och or 
ooch, as the English cannot pronounce the guttural ch) father ; 
nosh, my father ; kosh, thy father, &c. On the other hand, the 
Rev. Jonathan Edwards, in his Observations on the Language 
of the Muhhekaneew (Mohican) Indians, speaks as follows — ' A 
considerable part of the appellatives are never used without a 
pronoun affixed. The Mohegans say, my father, nogh (again 
noch or nooch) thy father, Tcogh, he. but they cannot say abso- 
lutely father. There is no such word in their language. If 
you were to say ogh, you would make a Mohegan both stare 
and smile.'" Mr. Du Ponceau then asks — " which of these two 
professors is right ? " To which Mr. Heckewelder makes the 
following reply: "Notwithstanding Mr. Edwards' observation 
(for whom I feel the highest respect) I cannot help being of 
opinion, that trie monosyllable ooch is the proper word for fa- 
ther, abstractedly considered, and that it is as proper to say ooch, 
father, and nooch, my father, as dallemous, beast, and n'dallemous, 
my beast ; or nitschan, child, (or a child) and n'nitschan, my 
child. It is certain, however, that there are few occasions for 
using these words in their abstract sense, as there are so many 
ways of associating them with other ideas. Wetoochwhik and 
ivetochemuxit both mean ' the father' in a more definite sense, 
and wetochemelenk is used in the vocative sense, and means ' thou 
our father.' I once heard Captain Pipe, a celebrated Indian 
chief, address the British commandant at Detroit, and he said, 
nooch! my father."* 

In consequence of this difference of opinion, the Editor, in the 
course of the last year, addressed a letter on the subject to the 
Rev. Herman Daggett, the Superintendant of the Foreign Mis- 
sionary School at Cornwall, in Connecticut. In addition to 
the Naraganset Vocabulary of Roger Williams, reference was 

Correspond, of Mr. Heckewelder and Mr. Du Ponceau, pp. 403 & 411. 


made to a specimen of the Mohegan language (taken from the 
mouth of an educated native by the Rev. William Jenks) which 
is published in the Historical Collections, vol. ix. p. 98, First Se- 
ries, and in which the word for father is given without any pro- 
nominal affix. Mr. Daggett's reply was as follows — "I am 
satisfied, that there is no word in any of the Indian languages 
used in the Foreign Missionary School, by which to express in 
the abstract the relation of Father and most of the other social 
relations. ' Adam was the father of all men ' is a sentence, 
which my Indian scholars say they cannot translate without a 
change of expression. The Choctaws brought me the following 
— Adam quo-hut-tuk-moomah Ing-lca yut-tok ; but they observed 
that Ing-Jca had the pronominal prefix of the third person sin- 
gular, which they said was unavoidable." * 

To these remarks it is only necessary to add one other, re- 
specting the Delaware word ooch, above mentioned. It must not 
be supposed (as has been conjectured) that this word, like the 
Cherokee term Ing-Jca, may comprehend an affix of the third 
person singular ; for the Delaware has a distinct form for the 
third person singular, which is, " oochwall, his or her father." 
Zeisberger's MS. Gram. 

NOTE 9. 
The Verb To Be. 

P. 14. " They have no verb substantive in all their lan~ 

The want of this verb in many of the American languages, 
is one of their most remarkable characteristicks. The fact 
here stated by Edwards, in respect to the Mohegan, corresponds 
with what Eliot had observed, a century and an half before, in 
the Massachusetts, and with what the Rev. Mr. Heckewelder 
has lately said of the common stock of both those dialects, 
the Delaware; in which, says he, "the late Mr. Zeisberger 
and myself sought many years in vain for this substantive 

verb I cannot find a single instance in the language, in which 

the verb 1 am is used by itself, that is to say, uncombined with 

* The resemblance between this Choctnw word for Father and the Peru- 
vian Inca (which was fiist suggested by Mr. Du Ponceau) is a little remark- 


the idea of the act to be done." Mr. Heckewelder, in addition 
to Mr. Zeisberger's and his own opinion, gives also that of the 
Rev. Mr. Dencke to the same effect, in regard to the Chippe- 
ivay as well as the Delaware.* Mr. Du Ponceau, who has ex- 
tended his inquiries to many other dialects both of North and 
South America, was originally inclined to believe, that " the 
want of the substantive verb was a general rule in the Indian 
languages."! But subsequent researches (as he observes in a 
late letter to the Editor) have led him to doubt, whether that 
will prove to be the case, to the extent in which his remarks 
will naturally have been understood by his readers. This ques- 
tion is briefly discussed in the Notes on Eliot's Indian Grammar, 
published in the preceding volume of these Collections ; to which 
the reader is referred.! But it may not be without use, at the 
present early period of these investigations, to add in this place, 
by way of caution to the student, some further remarks upon the 

We must not suddenly infer, that the American languages 
have a verb substantive, because we happen to find in some of 
the grammars a certain verb under that name, and a conjuga- 
tion of it in due form, just as would be found in the languages 
of the European authors of those works. Every man, who has 
studied the modern languages, knows, that several of them 
have two distinct verbs (derived from the Latin stare and esse 
respectively) in the use of which there is a well-settled distinc- 
tion, that prevents their ever being confounded in the languages 
to which they belong, but yet in translating, either from or into, 
a foreign language, this distinction is continually disregarded ; 
as in English, for example, we should render them both by 
our single verb to be, though this would often be an incorrect 
representation of their true import. Every one, also, (as Mr. 
Du Ponceau has justly observed) must " know too well the 
inclination of grammarians to assimilate those [Indian] idioms 
to their own, to be shaken by paradigms, in which the verb sto, 
for instance, might be translated by sum, or I am, for want of 
sufficient attention to the shade of difference between them." J 
In order, therefore, to arrive at a satisfactory conclusion on 
this point, it becomes necessary for us to do something more 
than adopt the general remarks of grammarians, or the loose 
translations of interpreters ; we must examine critically some of 
the principal dialects of each stock of languages in the differ- 
ent parts of the continent. With a view to this object, the 

* Letter to Mr. Du Ponceau, in the Notes on Eliot's Gram. p. xxvii. 
t See Notes, p. xxiv. % Ibid. p. xxvi. 

VOL. X. 16 


Editor has thought it might be useful, at the present time, to 
take a very brief review of some of the facts, which have been 
ascertained in this case, in respect to a few of the Northern as 
well as the Southern languages of this continent. 

1. The North American Languages. In respect to some of 
the languages of North America, we are already possessed of 
all the information that can be desired on this point ; and the 
question may be considered as fully settled ; but of others, we 
cannot yet speak with so much certainty. The Delaware, 
which, according to Mr. Heckewelder, is the most widely ex- 
tended of any on this side of the Mississippi, is ascertained to 
have no substantive verb. This we have upon the authority of 
Mr. Zeisberger and Mr. Heckewelder ; neither of whom, after 
the strictest examination, could discover such a verb in the 
language. To these may also be added the authority of the 
Rev. Mr. Dencke, the missionary of the United Brethren in 
Upper Canada.* Of the numerous dialects of this stock, our 
information is also entirely satisfactory in respect to the Massa- 
chusetts, the Mohegan and the Chippeway, the last of which is 
very extensively spoken among the northern tribes. For the 
first of these, we have the authority of Eliot ; for the second, 
that of Edwards; and for the last, that of Mr. Dencke.-f From 
what we thus find to be the case in the Delaware stock itself, 
as well as in the three dialects just mentioned, there seems to be 
no hazard, then, in making the inference, that its other various 
dialects will also be found to have no substantive verb. The 
Iroquois stock (if we may judge of all the dialects by those 
which have been the subject of inquiry) seems to be also desti- 
tute of this verb. The inquiries made by the Rev. Mr. Dag- 
gett of the different Indian pupils of that stock, who are under 
his care at the Foreign Missionary School in Connecticut, (the 
result of which was published by the Editor in the Notes on 
Eliot's Grammar) seem to leave little or no room for doubt in 
respect to this family of languages. The particular dialects ex- 
amined by him were, the Oneida, Tuscarora and Caughnewaga. 
Of the Floridian family (as Mr. Heckewelder denominates it, 
meaning to comprehend the dialects spoken by the Indians on 
the southern frontier of the United States) we have not so ample 
information as of the languages already mentioned; but from 
the inquiries made at the Missionary School respecting two of 
its dialects (the Choctaw and Cherokee) it should seem, that the 
substantive verb is wanting. Yet, on the other hand, the Rev. 

Notes to Eliot's Grammar, p, xxviii. \ Ibid. 


Mr. Buthrick, the present missionary among the Cherokees (in 
one of his early communications on this subject, for which the 
Editor is • indebted to a learned friend) expressly mentions a 
peculiar manner of using what he calls the substantive verb ; 
observing, that " the verb to be is not used in the present tense, 
and I think not in the imperfect. Instead of this, changes are 
made in the beginning of the word, which would otherwise 
follow it ; as, a ski yu, man — tse ski yu, I am a man," he. 
Whether his subsequent study of the language has confirmed 
this observation or not, the Editor is unable to state.* 

2. The South American Languages. Some of these appear 
to have the substantive verb, though it seems to be more limited 
in its use, than is the case in the European languages ; while in 
others, the same mode of expressing it is adopted, which is 
found in the languages of the North ; that is, annexing a sylla- 
ble or particle to the noun, which changes it into a verb. Gilij, 
after observing that every language must have its peculiarities, 
its excellencies and defects, makes the following general re- 
marks on the verb substantive of the Orinokcse dialects : 

" These same reasons are most conclusive against those per- 
sons, who would have, in some of the American languages, the 
verb sum precisely as it is in the Latin. 1 say in some, and not 
all of them, as many boast. In the Tamanacan (to speak of 
one which is best known to me) there is the verb uoccili, a sub- 
stantive verb like esse in Latin ; uocci, I was ; uoccicci, I shall 
be, feci But he, who should expect to find it in every tense, 
as in Italian or Latin, would be egregiously mistaken. All the 
Indians known to me (and not merely the Tamanacans) make 
no use of the substantive verb in the signification of the present. 
The following are examples from three of their languages. In 
the Tamanacan, patcurbe ure ; in the Maipuri, sonirri cand ; in 
the Pajuri, repe ju, all signify merely, 1 good."-f 

This author, in another place, observes, that " the above- 
mentioned verb substantive becomes equivalent to the Latin fio, 
wherever, instead of uocciri, they say uoic tari ; and it is thus 
the root, if I may so speak, of the verbs that end in tari ; v. g. 
Ponghemtari, to become a Spaniard ; Tamandcutari, to become 
a Tamanacan.".^ In the Guaranese language, he says, that one 
class of neuter verbs " is formed by noun substantives or ad- 
jectives united to the pronouns ce, nale, he. ; v. g. ce marangalu, 

* It is a curious fact, that this very mode of using what is considered as the 
substantive verb, is found in some of the South American languages. See 
the observation of Gitij, respecting the Orinokese dialects, in the following 

t Saggio, &c. p. 302. t Ibid. p. 180. 


I good ; nde marangatu, thou good. And this (says my author) 
is precisely the conjugation of the verb substantive essere, to 
be. In fact, all nouns united (or conjugated) with the pronouns 
become verbs, and include the verb substantive." * In the 
Maipuri language he also speaks of the passive voice being 
formed by the termination au, which they take from " the sub- 
stantive verb caniacau ; but he says, at the same time, that this 
verb is the Italian essere or stare ; and in another place he 
renders the same verb by the Italian stare alone, and not by 
essere. f 

On crossing the continent of America from the Orinoco 
country into Peru, we find in the Quichuan, or General Lan- 
guage of the latter region, a verb called by grammarians the 
substantive verb of that language ; that is, card, which is con- 
jugated at large in the valuable Grammar of Father Torres Rubio, 
and has every appearance of the true substantive verb. In ad- 
dition to this, it may be remarked, that this verb is also used in 
forming the passive voice of other verbs, by being joined with 
their participles. Yet it will be observed that this same verb 
cani seems to have the signification of stare as well as esse. 
The author at fol. 151 of his Vocabulario, or Dictionary, gives 
this example : " Cani, I am [i. e. sum vel sto] as, Cozcopi cani, 
I am [sum vel sto] at Cuzco." Nor does there appear to be, 
in this work any distinct word for the verb stare. But what- 
ever may be the true character of this Quichuan verb, we find 
that in the language of the Province of Chiquitos " the verb sub- 
stantive is wholly wanting ; and they supply its place by means 
of the pronouns and in other ways. "J 

Proceeding still farther south, however, we again find, in the 
language of Chili, the substantive verb ; for so the grammari- 
ans of that language denominate it. Father Febres says, " Ab- 
stract nouns, as goodness, whiteness, he. are formed by annexing 
gen (which is the verb sum, es, est) to adjectives or substan- 
tives ; v. g. cumegen, goodness ; lighgen, whiteness," || he. Yet 
the author, in one of his dictionaries (annexed to the Grammar) 
renders the Spanish verbs haver and tener, as well as the sub- 
stantive verb ser, by this same Chilese word gen; and, in his 
other dictionary, he explains the Chilese gen by the several 
Spanish verbs ser, estar, habcr, tener, and nacer.§ The Editor 

* Saggio, &c. p. 256. t Ibid. p. 187, 189. 

t Gilij, Saggio, &c. p. 247. 

|| Arte, &c p. 51. Qu. if this Chilese word gen has any affinity with the 
Quichuan cani? 

§ P. 494. 


will close these remarks by mentioning, that Mr. Du Ponceau 
(in a late letter) is inclined to believe, that the Quichuan verb 
cani is the pure substantive verb ; observing very justly, that 
" the general character of the Indian languages does not prevent 
varieties from existing in them ; but the genus is still the same. 
Those varieties, time and study will discover.'' 

NOTE 10. 

Verbs formed out of Nouns, 

P. 14. " Thus they turn any substantive whatever into a 
verb neuter" he. 

So in the Massachusetts language, Eliot observes, that nouns 
may be turned into verbs and verbs into nouns.* To the same 
effect Mr. Zeisberger says of the Delaware — that " substantives, 
and also adverbs, assume the character of verbs, as we have 
already said of adjectives."! The same thing takes place in 
the South American languages. Gilij, in speaking of the 
Orinokese dialects, says — " Every noun [in the Tamanacan] 

may be made into a verb as, Tamanacu, a Tamanacan ; 

Tamanacutari, to become a Tamanacan. "J So in the Chile se 
(says Febres) " verbs are made from nouns by adding n ; and 
the same thing may be done with almost all the other parts of 

speech, as pronouns, participles, adverbs, he and, on the 

other hand, the verbs are changed into nouns, by taking away 
the final n } and sometimes without taking it away."|| 

NOTE 11. 

The Tenses. 

P. 15. " They have a past and future tense to their verbs, he. 

The author here states a very curious fact respecting a mode 
of expressing the future tense ; which is done by annexing the 
sign of the future to an adverb or other word in the sentence. 

• Indian Gram. pp. 13 and 21. 

t MS. Gram. Mr. Du Ponceau's translation. 

t Saggio, <fcc. p. 172. U Arte, &c. p. 56. 


" This (as Mr. Du Ponceau justly observes in a letter to the 
Editor) is in analogy with the Delaware; in which the sign of the 
future is affixed to the adverb, not (for example) as — attaTscii 
pendawite for alta pendawite r rscu, if I shall not hear; or, to the 
adverb at, as in faTscH elsiya for ta eisiyaTscn, as I shall be 
situated." By a similar analogy the pronominal affixes of the 
nouns and verbs in the Massachusetts language may be joined 
to the adverb or adjective ; # and the following observation of 
Gilij may be intended to describe something of the kind in the 
Orinokese languages also: "I shall mention (says he) a most 
extraordinary thing, but, at the same time, what is a matter of 
fact ; in the Tamanacan language even the adverbs and the 
other particles are declined, wherever they are united with pos- 
sessive nouns."f 

NOTE 12. 

Abstract Terms. 

P. 15. " 1 doubt not but that there is in this [the Mohegan] 
language the full proportion of abstract to concrete terms, which 
is commonly to be found in other languages." 

This was doubtless the case also in the Massachusetts dialect, 
as we do not find Eliot making any complaint of the want of 
those terms (as he does of the want of a verb substantive) 
though he had constant occasion for the use of them in trans- 
lating the Bible. He also gives some examples of them in his 

In the Delaware language, both Mr. Zeisberger and Mr. 
Heckewelder give various examples of abstract °terms ; and 
from the latter writer we learn, that the Delawares have a gene- 
ral mode of forming those words, by means of the termination 
wagan (or woagan, as the German missionaries sometimes write 
it, to express the sound of the English w) " which answers to 
that of ness in English and heit or Iceit in German." Corres- 
pondence with Mr. Du Ponceau, p. 408. Letter xviii. 

They are also found in some (and perhaps will be in all) of 
the languages of South America. Gilij, in speaking of the nu- 
merous dialects spread over that vast extent of country through 
which the Orinoco flows, observes, that it has been made a 

• Eliot's Gram. p. 24. t Saggio, &c. p. 165. 


question sometimes by the missionaries, " whether the Orino- 
kese have abstract noun substantives, as vjhiteness, beauty, he. 
The doubt in this case has arisen from the common practice 
with the Indians of uniting words with the pronouns ; but I 
know, to a certainty, (whatever others may think) that some 
of the Orinolcese have such nouns. Of this we have most mani- 
fest instances in the Tamanacan words checcite or cheictivdte, 

bigness; aremutunde, whiteness, he and the following are 

examples of them in composition : Veroro tenei achere cdige iche- 
cilli, I saw a dog, his bigness like a tiger, that is, of the bigness 
of a tiger; cdreta cdige itaremutunu, like paper his whiteness." 
The author adds, however, that the Maipuri, " so far as he re- 
collects" do not make use of abstract terms.* In the lan^ua^es 
on the western side of South America, there appears to be no 
want of abstract terms. Father Torres Rubio, it is true, in his 
valuable Grammar of the (^uichuan language (fol. 31) first in- 
forms his reader that there are no abstract nouns in it ; but 
this expression is evidently to be understood in a qualified 
sense, because he immediately goes on to inform us, in the 
same sentence, how such terms are formed — "they are formed 
(says he) of the concrete term and the infinitive of sum, es, fui, 
and, being so formed, they are varied (or declined) by means of 
the possessive particles thus — yurac caniy, my whiteness," he. 
the analysis of which expression (though not given by the au- 
thor) seems to be as follows : 

Yurac . . . .a white thing. 

Cani . . . . to be. 

Y my (the possessive particle of the first 

person singular, always united with 

the noun.)-\ 

Proceeding farther south, on the same side of the continent, 
we find the wonderfully regular language of Chili abun- 
dantly supplied with abstract terms, or, at least, with an 
extraordinary capacity of forming them at pleasure. Father 
Febres, in his Grammar of that language, says, that " abstract 
nouns, as goodness, whiteness, he. are formed by subjoining the 
word gen, (which is the verb sum, es, est,) to adjectives or sub- 

* Saggio, &c. vol. iii, p. 170. 

t Arte y Vocabulario de la Lengua'Quichua, &c. 


stantives; as cumegen, goodness; lighgen, whiteness," &c. # 
And the Abbe Molina affirms, that the practice of forming ab- 
stract terms is even carried farther than in the European lan- 
guages ; for (says he) " instead of saying pu Huinca, the 
Spaniards, they commonly say, Huincagen, the Spaniolity — 
tamen cuidgen, your trio, that is, you other three — epu lamen 
cayugen layai, two of you other six will die ; literally, two of 
your sixths." f 

NOTE 13. 

Analogy between the Mohegan and Hebrew Languages. 

P. 16. " Besides what has been observed concerning prefixes 
and suffixes [p. 12.] there is a remarkable analogy between some 
words in the Mohegan language and the correspondent words in 
the Hebrew" &c. 

The slight resemblances between the Hebrew and the Indian 
languages (of New England) could not pass unobserved by our 
ancestors, at a period when there were at least as many good He- 
brew scholars, in proportion to our population, as we now have, 
and when the Indian languages were much more familiarly 
known than at present. Roger Williams says on this point 
— "Others and myselfe have conceived some of their words to 
hold affinitie with the Hebrew." But he afterwards adds — 
" Yet againe I have found a greater affinity of their language 
with the Greek tongue." J Other early writers also mention 
the subject. The comparison has been recently pursued at 
considerable length by the Rev. Dr. Jarvis, in the learned 
Notes to his Discourse on the Religion of the Indian Tribes of 
North America; in which the author concludes his remarks 
upon one of the dialects (the Cherokee) in these emphatic 
terms — "It will immediately be seen that a language so re- 
markably rich in grammatical forms as to surpass even the 
Greek, differs tolo cozlo from the Hebrew, one of the simplest 
of all languages." |j 

* Arte de la Lengua General del Reyno de Chile ; compuesto por el 
P. Andres Febres, Misionero de la Comp. de Jesus. Lima, 1765. 

t Hist, of Chili. American translation. 

$ Preface to his Key into the Language of America, Lond. 1643 J repub- 
lished in vols. iii. and v. (First Series) of these Collections 

|| New York Hist Collect, vol. iii. p, 245. 


NOTE 14. 

On making Indian Vocabularies. 

P. 17. " It is to be ivished, that every one who makes a vo- 
cabulary of any Indian language, would be careful to notice the 
prefixes and suffixes [of nouns. J The like attention to the moods 
and personal affixes of the verbs is necessary " 

A similar caution is necessary throughout these languages ; 
the Indians being more in the habit of employing specific terms 
than Europeans are. " It was a good while (says Mr. Hecke- 
welder) before I found out, that when you asked of an Indian 
the name of a thing, he would always give you the specific, and 

never the generic denomination I found myself under very 

great embarrassment in consequence of it when I first began to 
learn the Delaware language. I would point to a tree, and ask 
the Indians how they called it ; they would answer, an oak, an 
ash, a maple, as the case might be ; so that at last I found in my 
vocabulary more than a dozen words for the word tree. ,} * The 
same thing is observable in the use of their verbs. In the 
Cherokee (says the Rev. Mr. Buthrick in his communication 
before cited) " thirteen different verbs are used, to express the 
action of washing, as follows : — 

" Cu tu wo, I am washing myself, as in a river. 

Cu le stu la, 


my head. 

Tse stu la, 


another person's head 

Cu cu squo, 


my face. 

Tse cu squ5, 



Ta ca su la, 


my hands. 

Ta tse ya su la, 


another's hands. 

Ta co su la, 


my feet. 

Ta tse ya su la, 


another's feet. 

Ta cung ke la, 


my clothes. 

Ta tse yung ke la, 


another's clothes. 

Ta cu te ya, 


dishes, &,c. 

Tse yu wa, 


a child. 

Co we la, 



Ci This difference of words prevents the necessity of mentioning 
the object washed. So also with the verbs love, take, have, 
have, die, weigh, &c." 

*" Correspondence with Mr. Du Ponceau, in Historical Transactions, vol. i. 
p. 437. (Letter 24.) 

VOL. X. 17 


Gilij mentions the same thing in the languages of South 
America. After speaking of the extraordinary degree to which 
discrimination is carried in various instances, he says — " The 
same variety is found in words applied to different ohjects, but 
whose difference among us is disregarded ; and these words are 
multiplied in proportion as the objects of them are multiplied. 
To express I wash my face, requires a different word from that 

which would express washing my feet, my hands, &,c the 

old age of a man, of a woman, and of a garment, the heat of the 
body, of a fire, of the sun and of the climate, are all different 
words." * Again — " In our language, and in many others, 
there is but one word (mangiare) for to eat ; but in the Taman- 
acan, there are several, according to the thing eaten : J a cur a is 
to eat bread, or the cassava ; jemeri, to eat fruit, honey ; janeri, 
to eat meat, &c."f 

NOTE 15. 

On the Dialects mentioned by Dr. Edwards as being radically 
the same with the Mohegan. 

Dr. Edwards, at the beginning of his Observations, has given 
seventeen different names of Indian languages, which were con- 
sidered to be so many kindred dialects of the Mohegan ; namely, 
the languages of 

1. The Massachusetts Indians; used in Eliot's translation 

of the Bible ; 

2. Delawares, in Pennsylvania ; 

3. Penobscots, bordering on Nova Scotia ; 

4. St. Francis Indians, in Canada; 

5. Shawanese, on the Ohio; 

6. Chippewaus, westward of Lake Huron ; 

7. Ottowaus; more properly called W'tawas ; 

8. Nanticokes ; 

9. Munsees (Minsi :) 

10. Menomonees (Menomenes or Folles Avoines ;) 

11. Messisaugas ; 

12. Saukies (Sauks or Sacs ;) 

* Sajrffio, &c. vol. iii. p. 338. Seealso Mr. Heckewelder's remarks on the 
words old and young, in the Delaware— Notes on Eliot's Gram. p. xvi. 
t Saggio, &c. vol. iii. p. 172. 


13. Ottagaumies (Foxes or Renards ;) 

14. Killistenoes (Knisteneaux ;) 

15. Nipegons ; 

16. Algonkins; 

17. Winnebagoes. 

A very small part of this list is given by Dr. Edwards upon his 
own authority ; and we now find, by a more extensive ac- 
quaintance with the Indian languages than was attainable when 
he wrote, that the list needs some corrections. This will be 
seen in the course of the following remarks ; which the Editor 
has subjoined, for the sake of presenting to the student a more 
clear and distinct view of the different languages contained in 
the annexed Comparative Vocabulary, as wety as of the geogra- 
phical situation of the Indian nations that speak them, The 
specimens themselves are given upon the authorities mentioned 
under each dialect ; and some of them have never before been 

To the several dialects of the Delaware stock, which are enu- 
merated by Dr. Edwards under the general name of Mohegan, 
the Editor has added corresponding specimens of two others ; 
namely, the Narraganset, collected from Roger Williams' " Key 
into the Language of America," and the AbnaM, from Father 
Rale's MS. Dictionary, belonging to the library of the Univer- 
sity in Cambridge.* 

The true name of the Mohegan Indians, as we are inform- 
ed by Mr. Heckewelder, is Mahicanni ; which, (according 
to the German pronunciation) is very nearly represented by 

* Of this valuable MS. the Kditor hag given a brief account, in the Me- 
moirs of the American Academy, vol. iv. p. 358. The work itself has lately 
attracted the notice of eminent foreign scholars, who take the liveliest inter- 
est in the expected publication of it In the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitiing, 
or General Literary Intelligencer, published at Halle in Germany (in which 
it is understood that Professor Vater is a writer) particular mention has been 
lately made of it, and its publication warmly approved of. That distin- 
guished scholar, Baron William von Humboldt, also expresses himself in the 
following strong terms in a late letter upon this subject: "The publication 
of the Dictionary of Father RaJe will be of still more importance [i. e. than 
the Cotton MS.] and I cannot but solicit you, as earnestly as possible, to do 
every thing which may depend upon you personally to effect it. For, as far 
as I recollect, but little is known of the Abnaki dialect ; and this work would 
both enrich our present stock with one language more, and would preserve 
the language in question from that perpetual oblivion, to which, without the 
publication of this work, it is probably destined." Such decided opinions, 
coming from so high authority, it is to be hoped, will not be disregarded 
by i hose who are ambitious of maintaining the literary character of our 


Dr. Edwards' English name. Muhhekaneew. Mr. Heckewelder 
observes, that the Dutch call them Mahikanders ; the French, 
Mourigans and Mahingans ; the English, Mohiccons.Mohuccans, 
Muhhekaneiv, Schaticnoks, River-Indians* Dr. Edwards in- 
forms us, that the particular dialect treated of in his work, is 
that of the tribe, which is familiarly known here by the name 
of the Stockbridge Indians, who take this English name from 
that of the town, which was for some time their principal resi- 
dence. The Indian name of the territory, which now contains 
Stockbridge, Sheffield, and some other towns in the south-west- 
erly corner of Massachusetts, was Housatunnuck, more com- 
monly written Housatonic, and sometimes Ousatannock ; a name 
by which the well-known river in that quarter is still called. 
These Indians, after living in dispersed situations about the 
Housatonic, were collected together in the year 1736, at Stock- 
bridge, under the care of the Rev. John Sergeant, their former 
laborious and faithful missionary. f Afterwards they removed 
to Oneida county, near Lake Ontario, in the state of New 
York,J where they still reside, under the care of their worthy 
missionary, the present Mr. Sergeant. The place where they 
reside has been named Neiv Stockbridge. In the year 1796 
their number was about three hundred. || They are destined, 
it seems, to a further removal ; for Mr. Sergeant has informed 
the Editor (in a late letter) that " the Stockbridge tribe, with 
the Six Nations, have obtained a fine country in the vicinity of 
Green Bay ; and eventually they will emigrate thither in the 
course of a few years. They will visit that country this sum- 
mer ; perhaps a few families will remove." 

The Mohegans, it appears by a work already cited, have 
long recognized the Shawanese as their " younger brother ;" $ 
which accords with what Mr. Heckewelder states on this 
point, as will be seen hereafter. 

For further information respecting the tribes of the Mohegan 
nation, the reader is referred to the valuable Memoir of the 
Rev. Dr. Holmes.H The Editor will now proceed to the other 

* Historical Account and Introduction, p. 26. 

t Historical Memoirs relating to the Housatunnuk Indians ; by the Rev. 
Samuel Hopkins, (Boston, 1753,) pp. 43, 50. 

t Histor. Collect, vol. v. p. 195, note. 

|| Ibid. vol. iv. p. 67. 

§ Hopkins' Histor. Mem. of the Housatunnuk Indians, p. 90. 

IT Histor. Collect, vol. ix. p. 75. 


nations mentioned by Dr. Edwards ; noticing them in the order 
in which they occur in his work. 

1. The Massachusetts Indians. The name of this nation is 

familiar to every American reader. Gookin, who wrote in 

1674, says that these Indians " inhabited principally about that 

place in Massachusetts Bay where the English now dwell. 

These were a numerous and great people. Their chief sachem 

held dominion over many other petty governours." * Of their 

lantruao-e we have an invaluable treasure in Eliot's Grammar 

and his Translations of the Scriptures and of various Religious 

Tracts, which were enumerated in a former volume of these 

Collections.! It may be here remarked, that this language has 

often been called the Natick ; apparently from the accidental 

circumstance, that Eliot established his first Indian church in the 

town of that name which is near Boston, and which was once 

the town of greatest note among the Indians in this quarter. 

But Eliot himself calls it the Massachusetts language. . 

2. Delawares. Of this people we have recently had the 
most ample information in the interesting work of the Rev. 
Mr. Heckewelder. According to the tradition handed down to 
them by their ancestors, this nation resided, many hundred 
years ago, in a very distant country in the western part of the 
American continent. They determined on migrating eastward, 
and accordingly set out together in a body, and after various 
adventures and conflicts with other nations, a part of them 
crossed the Mississippi, and about one half of the nation settled 
on the shores of the Atlantic. This portion was divided into 
three tribes, two of which were distinguished by the names of 
the Turtle and the Turkey, the former calling themselves in 
their own language Undmis, and the other Unalachtgo ; their 
settlements extended from the Mohicannittuck (River of the 
Mohicans, which we call the North, or Hudson's River) to be- 
yond the Potomack. The third tribe, the Wolf, commonly 
called the Minsi, which we have corrupted into Monseys or 
Munsees, chose to live back of the other two. The proper na- 
tional name of the Delawares is Lenni Lenape, which signifies 
" Original People," a race of human beings who are the same 

* Historical Collections, vol. i. p. 148. 

t Vol. ix. (Second Series) p. 242. To the list there given, should be added 
the following — Shepherd's Sincere Convert and Sound Believer. Eliot, in a 
letter to Sir Robert Boyle, dated July 7, 1688, mentions this tract as one which 
he had " translated into the Indian Language many years since." See Histor. 
Coll. vol. iii. p. 187. 


that they were in the beginning, unchanged and unmixed. They 
are known and called, by all the western, northern, and some 
of the southern nations, by the name of Wapanachki, which the 
Europeans have corrupted into Apenaki, Openagi, Abenaquis 
and Abenakis.* All these names, as Mr. Heckewelder informs 
us, however differently written and improperly understood by 
authors, point to one and the same people, the Lenape, who are 
by this compound word called " People at the rising of the 
sun," or, as we should say, Eastlanders ; and this people is 
acknowledged by near forty Indian tribes (whom we call na- 
tions) as being their " grandfathers." For further particulars of 
their history, as well as of their language, the reader is referred 
to Mr. Heckewelder's work. 

Mr. Heckewelder says, it is not in his power to ascertain the 
whole number of the Delawares at the present day. They are 
very much scattered ; a number of them, chiefly of the Monsey 
tribe, living in Upper Canada, others are in the state of Ohio, 
and some on the waters of the Wabash in the Indiana Territory. 
A considerable number of them has crossed the Mississippi.! 
In a late Account of the Indian Tribes of Ohio, by John John- 
ston, Esq. Indian Agent of the United States, it is said that this 
nation is now reduced to a very small number ; and that the 
greater part of them reside on White River, in Indiana. A 
small number, it appears, resides on Sandusky River.J 

In connexion with the tradition, that the Delawares emigrated 
from " the western" part of this continent, it may not be unde- 
serving of notice, that a dialect of their language is extensively 
spoken in a very distant western region of the continent at the 
present time, by the Crees or Knisteneaux, as was observed 
in the introduction to these Notes. The specimen of Delaware 
in the following Vocabulary was obligingly furnished by Mr. 

3. Penobscots. This is the well-known tribe, of which a 
remnant still resides in the state of Maine. The fullest vocab- 
ulary of their language, within the Editor's knowledge, is a 
small Manuscript of the French Missionaries, who have occa- 
sionally resided with this tribe ; from which collection the 

* Heckewelder's Account, chap. i. and Introduction, p. 29. It may be 
here remarked, that the name of the Menakis is written, by Father RAle, as 
well as by some of the later French missionaries, in three syllables — (Lbnakis r 
or Abnaquis. 

t Histor. Account, p. 68. 

X See Archaeologia Amer. vol. i. pp. 270, 271. 


words in the annexed Vocabulary have been extracted. For 
the perusal of this MS. the Editor is indebted to the Right 
Reverend Bishop Cheverus of Boston ; who has also obligingly 
given his permission, that the Historical Society may make 
such further use of it as they shall think proper. 

4. *SV. Francis Indians. These are a Canadian tribe. The 
latest account we have of the remnant of them, which still re- 
sides in Canada, is in the " Report of the Select Committee of 
the Society for propagating the Gospel among the Indians and 
others in North America," dated the 29th of October, 1821. 
They are there described as " the Abanaquis, or St. Francis 
Indians, near the mouth of the St. Francis River, consisting of 
65 families and 360 souls." Their Chief had his education, in 
part, at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire. Two females 
of this tribe came from Canada to Boston in July, 1824, and 
were placed by the Society above-mentioned under the care of 
the Rev. Thomas Noyes of Needham near Boston.* From that 
gentleman, and from the Rev. Dr. Holmes, Secretary of the 
Society, the Editor has obtained several words of their dialect, 
from which he has selected those contained in the following 
Vocabulary. The words, as might be expected, will be found 
to correspond with the Abnaki from Father Rale. 

5. Shawanese. An account of this nation will be found in 
Mr. Heckewelder's work. We are there informed, that Gene- 
ral Gibson (who had a thorough knowledge of the Indians, and 
spoke several of their languages) thought their true name was 
Sawano ; and that they are so called by the other Indian na- 
tions, from being a southern people. " Shawaneu (says Mr. H.) 
in the Lenape language means the south ; shawanachau, the 
south wind."f They formerly inhabited the southern country, 
Savannah in Georgia, and the Floridas, but were compelled by 
the neighbouring nations to leave that territory ; when they 
settled on the Ohio. They call the Mahicanni their " elder 
brother," and the Delawares their " grandfather." Of that 
portion which remains in the state of Ohio, we have a particu- 
lar account, drawn up by Mr. Johnston, in the first volume of 
the Archceologia Americana, before cited. That writer states, 
that the Shawanese have a tradition, that their ancestors cross- 
ed the sea ; though the Indians in general believe, that they 
were created on this continent. He adds, however, that it is 

* See the Report, pp. 41, 42; annexed to the Rev. Mr. Tuckerman's 
Discourse preached before the Society in 1821. 

t Historical Account, &c. pp. 29, 69. 


somewhat doubtful, whether the yearly sacrifice, which they 
make for their safe arrival in this country, has any other refe- 
rence than to their crossing some great river or arm of the sea.* 
A short vocabulary of their language is given by the same 
writer, from whom one of the specimens in the following Vo- 
cabulary is taken; the other is from Dr. Edwards. "Their 
language," according to Mr. Heckewelder, " is more easily 
learned than that of the Lenape, and has a great affinity to the 
Mohican, Chippeway and other kindred languages. They 
generally place the accent on the lasi syllable." f 

6. Chippeways or Chippeivaus. Dr. Edwards speaks of this 
nation as being " at the westward of Lake Huron." They are 
dispersed in various other territories. Loskiel describes them 
as " a numerous nation, inhabiting the north coast of Lake 
Erie." He states their number to be (at the time he wrote) 
about fifteen thousand. J Mr. Schermerhorn, in his Report to 
the Society for propagating the Gospel, describes them, under the 
names of" Algonquins or Chippeways," as follows; " We now 
find them extending between the Straits of Detroit and Michi- 
gan Lake ; on the south borders of Lake Superior ; the heads 
of the Mississippi, Red River and Lake Winipie; up the Dau- 
phine River and Sashashawin to Fort George ; from thence 
with the course of Beaver River to Elk River, and with it to 
its discharge into the Lake of the Hills ; from this, east to the 
isle a la Crosse and by the Mississippi to Churchill." || Proba- 
bly several other tribes have been erroneously included with 
them by travellers, in consequence of the Chippeway dialect 
being a common language of intercourse among the northern 
Indians ; agreeably to the observation of Prof. Vater respect- 
ing the Winnebago dialect, as will be seen in a subsequent 
part of these Notes. Specimens of the Chippeway language 
are given by Carver and Long, from whose travels the words 
in the annexed Vocabulary have been selected. 

7. Ottowaus. The Ottowas, Outawas, or more properly 
Wtawas (with the whistled W, as Mr. Heckewelder observes) 
are a Canadian tribe. " They reside (according to Pike) on 
the north-west side of Lake Michigan and Lake Huron, and 
hunt between those lakes and Lake Superior." § Mr. Du Pon- 

* Archseolog. Amer. vol. i. pp. 273, 276. 

t Historical Account, p. 73. 

X Loskiel's Hist, of the Mission of the United Brethren. Lond. 1794. 

|| See Hist. Coll. Second Series, vol. ii. p. 10. 

§ Pike's Journal, Appendix to Part First, p. 63. 


ceau informs the Editor, that he knows of no vocabulary of 
their language extant. 

S. NanticoTces. These were a body of the Lenape (or De- 
lawares) who, in the ancient emigration of that people from the 
interior towards the sea coast, proceeded, together with their 
offspring, to the south, in Maryland and Virginia.* Mr. Du 
Ponceau states, that the specimen in the following Vocabulary 
is all that he has been able to obtain of their language. He 
adds, also, in respect to that specimen — " The Nanticoke words 
are-some of them double, being taken from different vocabula- 
ries ; one by General Murray, the other by Mr. Heckewelder. 
I prefer the latter." The name of this nation, according to 
Mr. Heckewelder, is properly " Nentico, or, after the English 
pronunciation, Nantico" f 

9. Munsees, or MinsL These were a part of the Delawares, 
the Wolf tribe. Mr. Heckewelder describes them as the third 
of the great tribes, into which the Delawares upon the Atlantic 
coast divided themselves at the period of the emigration above- 
mentioned. He adds, that they are commonly called Minsi, 
which we have corrupted into Monsey. "They extended their 
settlements from the MinisinJc, (a place named after them,) 
where they had their council seat and fire, quite up to the 
Hudson on the east ; and to the west or south-west far beyond 
the Susquehannah ; their northern boundaries were supposed 
originally to be the heads of the great rivers Susquehannah 
and Delaware ; and their southern boundaries, that ridge of 
hills known in New Jersey by the name of Muskanecun, and in 
Pennsylvania, by those of Lehigh, Coghnewago, &c. Within this 
boundary were their principal settlements ; and, even as late as 
the year 1742, they had a town, with a large peach orchard, 
on the tract of land where Nazareth, in Pennsylvania, has since 
been built ; another, on Lehigh (the west branch of the Dela- 
ware) and others beyond the Blue Ridge ; besides small family 
settlements here and there scattered." J 

Mr. Du Ponceau remarks, that "the -few variations of their 
dialect from the Delaware, or Unami, do not entitle it to the 
name of a language." The words in the annexed Vocabulary 
are from Barton's New Views. 

* See Heckewelder's Account, in the Transactions of the Histor. and 
Lit. Committee, &c. p. 35. 
t Ibid. p. 26. 

t Heckewelder's Account, &c. p. 34. 

VOL. X. 18 


10. , or Menomenes. " The Menomenes, or Fols 
Avoins, as termed by the French (says Pike) reside in seven 
villages, situated as follows, viz. — 1. at the River Menomene, 
fifteen leagues from Green Bay, north side of the lake ; 2. at 
Green Bay ; 3. at Little Kakalin ; 4. Portage of Kakalin ; 
5. Stinking Lake ; 6. entrance of a small lake on Fox River ; 

and 7th, behind the Bank of the Dead The language which 

they speak is singular ; for no white man has ever yet been known 
to acquire it ; but this may probably be attributed to their all 
understanding the Algonquin, in which they and the Winneba- 
goes transact all conferences with the whites or other nations ; 
and the facility with which that language is acquired, is a fur- 
ther reason for its prevalence." * 

11. " The Messisaugers, or Messasagues (says Barton) are 
a most dirty race of Indians, residing about Lakes Huron and 
Superior." f The few words, which we have of their language, 
are to be found in Barton's work ; from which the specimen in 
the following Vocabulary has been extracted. 

12. SauJcies, or Sauks. " The first nation of Indians (says 
Pike) whom we met with in ascending the Mississippi from St. 
Louis, were the Sauks, who principally reside in four villages. 
The first, at the head of the Rapids de Moyen, on the west 
shore, consisting of thirteen log lodges ; the second, on a prairie 
on the east shore, about sixty miles above ; the third, on the 
Riviere de Roche, about three miles from the entrance ; and 
the last, on the River Iowa. They hunt on the Mississippi and 
its confluent streams, from the Illinois to the River Des Iowa, 
and on the plains west of them, which border on the Missouri. 
They are so perfectly consolidated with the Reynards, that 
they scarcely can be termed a distinct nation." J In respect to 
the language of the Saukies (or Sacs, as they are called by the 
French) Mr. Du Ponceau says — "There is no vocabulary ex- 
tant, that I know of." 

13. Ottagaumies ; called by us the Foxes, and by the 
French, Renards. " They reside (according to Pike) in three 
villages — 1. on the west side of the Mississippi, six miles above 
the rapids of the River De Roche ; 2. about twelve miles in the 
rear of the lead mines ; and 3. on Turkey River, half a league 
from its entrance. They are engaged in the same wars and 

* Pike's Journal, Appendix to Part First, p. 58. 

t Barton's New Views, p. xxxiii. 

t Pike's Journal, Appendix to Part First, p. 56. 


have the same alliances as the Sauks, with whom they must be 
considered as indissoluble in war or peace." * In respect to 
their language. Pike says they speak the " Sauk, with a small 
difference in the idiom." f Lewis says, that the Sauks and 
Foxes " speak the same language." J 

14. Knisteneaux, or Killistenoes. "These people (says 
McKenzie) are spread over a vast extent of country. Their 
language is the same as that of the people who inhabit the coast 
of British America on the Atlantic, with the exception of the 
Esquimaux, and continues along the coast of Labrador and the 
Gulf and banks of St. Lawrence to Montreal. The line then 
follows the Utawas River to its source ; and continues from 
thence nearly west along the high lands which divide the 
waters that fall into Lake Superior and Hudson's Bay. It then 
proceeds till it strikes the middle part of the River Winipic to 
the discharge of the Saskatchiwine into it ; from thence it ac- 
companies the latter to Fort George, when the line, striking by 
the head of Beaver River to the Elk River, runs along its banks 
to its discharge in the Lake of the Hills ; from which it may 
be carried back east, to the Isle d la Crosse, and so on to 
Churchill by the Mississippi. The whole of the tract between 
this line and Hudson's Bay and Straits (except that of the Es- 
quimaux in the latter) may be said to be exclusively the coun- 
try of the Knisteneaux." || Mr. Harmon, who has given the 
latest account of these Indians, with a copious vocabulary of 
their language, in his valuable Journal, says, the Cree or Knis- 
teneaux language is spoken " by at least three fourths of the 
Indians of the north-west country on the east side of the Rocky 
Mountains." <§> The Editor has, in the following Vocabulary, 

'given a specimen of their language both from McKenzie and 

15. Nipegons. This nation will be presently noticed, under 
the name of the Winnebagoes. See Sect. 17. 

16. AlgonJcins. These Indians (says Pike) " reside on the 
Lake of the Two Mountains, and are dispersed along the north 

* Pike's Journal, Appendix to Part First, p. 57. 

t See his Abstract of the number, &c. of the Indians on the Mississippi, &c. 

t Statistical View of the Indian Nations, &c. published by Congress in the 
State Papers of 1806. 

|| McKenzie's Voyages, p. 82. 3d Amer. edit-. 

§ Harmon's Journal, published at Andover, Massachusetts, 1820. 


sides of Lakes Ontario and Erie. From this tribe the language 
of the Chippeways derives its name, and the whole nation is 
frequently designated by that appellation. The Algonkin lan- 
guage is one of the most copious and sonorous languages of all 
the savage dialects in North America ; and is spoken and un- 
derstood by the various nations (except the Sioux) from the 
Gulf of St. Lawrence to Lake Winipic." * The specimen in 
the following Vocabulary is from La Hontan; upon whose au- 
thority, however, we cannot place entire reliance, if we may 
believe Charlevoix ; who asserts that Sagard, Cartier and La 
Hontan " took at random a few words, some from the Huron 
and others from the Algonkin tongues, which they very ill re- 
membered, and which often signified something very different 
from what they imagined." j 

17. Winnebagoes, or Nipegons. Dr. Edwards gives these as 
the names of two different nations, speaking dialects of the De- 
laware stock ; an error, into which he was probably led by the 
extremely irregular orthography, under which Indian names 
are so frequently disguised. But it now appears, that these 
are only two different names for the same nation, or rather two 
modes of writing the same name. "The Nipegons or Winne- 
bagoes (according to Professor Say, who accompanied Major 
Long in his Expedition) are the same people; and the French 
call them Puav.ts. They speak a dialect of the Naudowessie, 
not at all akin to the Delaware or Mohegan." J The Naudo- 
wessie (or Sioux) is one of the two great families denominated 
by Mr. Du Ponceau the Ultra-Mississippian Languages ; the 
Pawnee being the other. 

This error of Dr. Edwards respecting the language of the 
Winnebagoes did not escape the notice of the learned Vater; 
as will appear by the following remarks of his, to which the 
Editor has been referred by Mr. Du Ponceau : 

" Since I wrote my last letter to you (says he) I have looked 
into the Mithridates on the subject of the Winnebagoes or Pu- 
ants. We ought always to look into that admirable book be- 
fore we sit down to write, or even to think, on any Indian lan- 
guage. I find Professor Vater fully agrees with me as to the 

* Pike's Journal, Appendix to Part First, pp. 63, 65. 

t Charlevoix's Account, &c. vol. i. p. 300, English edit. 1761. See also 
Mr. Du Ponceau's Report, p..xxxiv. 

X Letter from Mr. Du Ponceau to the Editor. A specimen of their lan- 
guage, furnished by Professor Say, will be found in the following Vocabulary. 


origin and affinity of this nation, and gives good authority for 
it : — f By putting together (says he) the latest accounts derived 
from authentick sources, it is possible to connect with the Osage 
nation (already important of itself) kindred tribes of more 
distant as well as of neighbouring territories ; and in this case 
also to discover again a widely extended race of American In- 
dians, which, through the Winnebagoes or Puants of the terri- 
tories hitherto considered, and through the Ottos, passing over 
the Pawnees, reaches to the north-eastern frontier of New Mex- 
ico. That these Winnebagoes speak the same language with 
the Ottos, Pike expressly assures, us (Pike's Journal, pp. 172, 
174)* and therefore we must expect to find a nearer affinity 
between these two nations, through the neighbouring tribes, 

than through the Osages The Sacs and Otlogamis are closely 

allied together.. ..and speak the same language ; -so that the 
latest observers of those countries agree in this, that they are 
in fact to be considered as one nation. The Sacs pass for the 
elder branch of the two allied nations. (Vergennes, Memoire 
sur la Louisiane, p. 90. ) According to Carver, they both 
speak the Chippeway ; but he expressly adds, that he does not 
know whether they have merely adopted it. Edwards reckons 
both these nations among those that speak the Mohegan : (Ob- 
servations on the Language of the Muhhekaneew Indians ;) but, 
as he also includes the Winnebagoes, he has clearly asserted too 
much... .According to the information of Lewis and Clarke, 
these two nations (Sacs and Ottogamies) speak a language 
different from others ; with w 7 hich of the neighbouring idioms 
it has most affinity is yet to be discovered.' — Mithridates, vol. 
iii. part 3, pp. 267, 270. You will wonder with me (con- 
tinues Mr. Du Ponceau) at the astonishing penetration of the 
great Vater, in discovering, without a vocabulary, the error of 
Edwards, (in classing the Winnebago with the Delaware dia- 
lects,) and accounting for it in the very natural way, that they 
speak the Chippeway as a trading language. I must repeat, 
that those who make researches into the Indian languages with- 
out first studying the Mithridates, will often find their discoveries 
forestalled in it." 

The Winnebagoes or Puants (says Pike) " reside on the Ri- 
vers Ouisconsing, De Roche, and Green 'Bay, in seven villages, 
which are situated as follows, viz. — 1. at the entrance of Green 
Bay ; 2. end of ditto ; 3. Wuckan, on the Fox River ; 4. at 

Appendix to Part First, American edition, p. 58. 


Lake Puckway ; 5. Portage of the Ouisconsing ; 6 and 7. both 

on Roche River From the tradition amongst them, and their 

speaking the same language of the Otos of the River Platte, I 
am confident in asserting that they are a nation who have emi- 
grated from Mexico to avoid the oppression of the Spaniards." 
— Pike, Appendix, p. 58. The specimen of their language, in 
the following Vocabulary, was obligingly furnished by Pro- 
fessor Say.' 




LENAPE (or Delaware) STOCK 










(From Edwards.) 

1. A bear 



2. A beaver 


Amisque (1) 


3. Eye 



4. Ear 



5. Fetch 



6. My Grandfather 




7. My Grandmother 



8. My Grandchild 



9. He goes 



10. A Girl 



11. House 



12. He (that man) 



13. His Head 


We en sis 

14. His Heart 



15. Hair 



16. Her Husband 



17. His teeth 



18. I thank you 



19. My uncfe 



20. I 



21. Thou 



22. We 



23. Ye 



24. Water 



25. Elder sister 



26. River 



27. To die (I die) 



28. Dead (he is dead) 


Nboo or nepoo 


29. Devil 


Mtandou or mannito (4) 

30. Dress the kettle (make a fire) 



31. His Eyes 




32. Fire 



33. Give it him 



34. A spirit (a spectre) 



35. How 


Tuneh (5) 

36. An impostor (he is a bad man) 



37. Go 



38. Marry 



39. Good for nought 



40. Shoe 



41. The sun 



42. Sit down 



43. Where 




44. Winter 



45. Wood 



* See the Explanatory Remarks at the end of this Vocabulary. 




LEJYAPE, or Delaware. 

(From the Rev. William Jenks ; in 

(From the Rev. Mr. Heckewelder.) 

Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. ix. p. 98. 


1. Machk 


2. Tamaque 


3. Wuschgink (8) 


4. Whittawakall (plural) 


5. Natem (to fetch) 

6. Mahghoman (6) 

6. N'muchomes 

7. Ohman (a grandmother) 

7. Nohum 


8. Nochwis 


9. Waeu or eu 

10. PeesquathUfb 

10. Ochquesis 

11. Weekwom 

11. Wikwam (9) 


12. Nekama 


13. Wil (10) 


14. W'dee 


15. Milach 

16. W'ghan (a husband) 

16. Wechian 


17. Wipitall 


18. Genamel 

19. Oosethan (an uncle) 

19. N'schis 


20. Ni 


21. Ki 


22. Niluna, kiluna 


23. Kiluwa 

24. M'ppeh 

24. Mbi 


25. Mis 

26. Thepow (7) 

26. Sipu 


27. Angel 


28. Angelluk 


29. Machtando, matshi-manitto 

30. M 

30. Tendeuhel (11) 


31. Wuschgink(-all plural) 

32. Thtouw 

32. Tendey 


33. Milau 


34. Tschipey, tschitschank (12) 


35. Taam 


36. Matschileno 


37. Aal (imperative) 


38. Wikingen (to marry) 


39. Takoeu lapemquattowi 


40. Maxen 

41. Kesogh 

41. Gischuch 


42. Lemattachpil (13) 


43. Tani, ta-talli 

44. Poon 

44. Lowan 


45. Tachan 

VOL. X. 




MUNSEE, or Minsi. 



(From Barton's 


(From Edwards.) 

(From Archaeologia A- 

Views. ) 



1. Mauquah 

1. Muga 

2. Amochk, H 


2. Amaquah 

2. Amaghqua 

3. Wuschgink 

3. Skeesaco 


4. Wichtawak 

4. Towacah 



5. Peatoloo 



6. Nemasompethau 6. 


7. Nocumthau 

7. Cocumtha[your?] 


8. Noosihethau 



9. Pomthalo 


10. Ochquesis 

10. Squauthauthau 

10. Squithetha 

11. Wichquam 

11. Wecuah 

11. Wigwa 


12. Welah 


13. Wilustican 

13. Weeseh (16) 


14. Uchdee 

14. Otaheh 



15. Welathoh 



16. Wasecheh 

16. Wysheana 

17. Wichpit (tooth) 

17. Wepeetalee 



18. Neauweh 



19. Neeseethau 


20. Ni 

20. Nelah 



21. Kelah 



22. Nelauweh 



23. Kelauweh 


24. 'Mbi 

24. Nippee 

24. Nipe 


25. Nemeethau 

25. Neeshematha(rny) 


26. Thepee 

26. Sepe 

27. Angellowoag 

an (15 





28. Nepwa 


29. ' 

29. Matchemenetoo 







32. Tendeu or 



32. Scoote 


























41. Gischuch 


41. Kesathwa 







44. Lowan 



45. Chos 







(From Gen. Murray and Mr. Hecke- 

(From Roger Williams.) 


1. Winquipim ; winkpen, H. 


Mosk (17) 

2. Nataque 



3. Nucks, skeneequat, H. 



4. Nuch, tow, huck 





Pautiinnea (18) 







10. Pech, quah 


Squasese (little girl) 

11. Youck, huck ; iahaak, H. 


Wetu (19) 



Evvo (he, that) 

13. Nulahammon (the head) 


Uppaquontup (the head) 

14. Weuscheu (heart) 






16. Wechsiki (husband) 


Wasick (an husband) 

17. Wiipt (tooth) 





Tau botneawaw?aean 




20. Nee 



21. Kee 







24. Nip ; nep 



25. Nimpz 


Weticks, weesummis 

26. Pamptuckquah, peemtuck,i?. 



27. Angel (death) 


Nippitch ew6 (20) 



Kitonckquei, (he is dead) 

29. Matt, ann-tote 




30. Potouwassiteuck (let us make) 

31. Mukschkintsch (the eye) 


32. Tunt 


Squtta or note or y6te 



34. Tsee-e-p (ghost, dead man) 








Mauchish or anakish (be go- 



[ in g) 



40. Mechkissins 


Mocussinass and mockussin- 

41. Aquiquaque ; ahquak ; ack- 


Nippawus (21) [chass (pi) 

42. [quechkq, H. 






44. Poopponu, huppoon, H. 



45. Pomp-tuck-koik, michsch,H. 







(From Eliot.) 

(French Missionaries' MS.) 

1. Mosq 


2. Tummunk 



3. Muskeesuk (22) 


Ousisegoul (eyes) 

4. Mehtauog 


Ntawag (my ear) 

5. Paudtah 





7. Kokummussit 




10. Nunksqua 



11. Wetu (23) 



12. Noh or nagum 



13. Puhkuk 


14. Wuttah 


15. Weshagan (24) 



16. Wasuk or wessuke 



17. Meepitash 



18. Kuttabuttantamoush 


19. Wussissesoh (his uncle) 


20. Neen 



21. Ken 



22. Neenawun or kenauwun 



23. Kenaau 


24. Nippe 





26. Sepu 



27. Ut-nuppun (to die) 



28. Nuppoo (he died) 


29. Mattannit 





31. Wuskesukquash (plur.) 


32. Nootau 



33. Aninnumau 


34. Mattanit 







37. Pomushagk 


38. Wetauakon (to marry) 





40. Moxinash (plur.) 


41. Nepauz (25) 



42. Apsh (imperat.) 


43. Uttiyeu 



44. Popon 



45. Mehtug or mahtug ' 







(From Father Rdle's MS. Dictionary.) 

(From Rev. Dr. Holmes and Rev. Mr. 


1. Asessos 

1. Owousous 

2. Tema'kSe 

2. Temarqua (28) 

3. Tsiseko 

3. Woosesuck 

4. Metaeake or mtaaaks 

4. Wootououk 

5. Nepetsn (I bring) 

5. Melee 

6. INemasemes 

6. Nemahhome 

7. Na'kames 

7. Nocomus 


8. Nocis 

9. Nepemosse (I go) 

9. Acomma mousjou 

10. NaiikskSe 

10. Nunksquaskis 

11. aigaam 

11. Wigwam 


12. Acomma (29) 

13. atep 

13. Tassoulquon 

14. Nereaarigan (my heart) 

14. Wollewongon 

15. Nepiesamar (my hair) 

15. Hotopequon 


16. Neswear 

17. Nipit (my tooth) 

17. Webeit 

18. Kedaramihi 

18. Neerwillewoone 

19. Nesis 

19. Nesorksciss 


20. Neah 


21. Mosork 


22. Keunnah 


23. Keah 

24. Nebi 

24. Nehbee or nupee 


25. Nechemees (sister) 

26. Sips 

26. Seeboo or seepoo 

27. Nemetsine (I die) 

27. Machener 


28. Accomma machener 

29. Matsiniaeska 

29. Mattchantoo 

30. Nepadaee (26) 

30. Walleloo scoottah 


31. Accommane woosesuck 

32. Skatai 

32. Squuttah or scoottah 

33. Nemeghen (I give it) 

33. Melaun (give it) 


34. Orweppee 

►5. Tarini 

35. Turne 


36. Kulok sannup 


37. Pumoosah or mousho 


38. Nepowo or weewooh 


39. Pesoworto 

10. Mkessen 

40. Mokasin or mokkausin 

tl. Kizes 

41. Keesoos 

12. Nedapi (I sit) 

42. Appeh or arpee 


43. Tauneh 

\A. Peban, pebane (27) 

44. Pehboon or perpoon 

:5. Aaassaa 

45. Arparse 





(From Barton's New Views.) 

(From La Hontan.) 


1. Mackoua 


2. Amik 

3. Wuskink 

3. Ouskinchic 














10. Ickouessens 


11. Entayant (home) 




13. Ousticouan (head) 


14. Micheone (heart) 






17. Tibit (teeth) 





20. Nindoh 








24. Nippee 

24. Nipi 




26. Sipim 


27. Nip 




29. Matchi 


30. Poutaoue 



32. Scuttaw, scutteh, scooteh 

32. Scoute 


33. Mila (give) 


34. Manitou (ghost, dead man) 


35. Tani 


36. Malatissi (impostor) 








40. Mackisin 

41. Keeshoo 





43. Ta 


44. Pipoun 

45. Netaukun 

45. Mittick 





(From McKenzie.) 

(From Edwards.) 

1. Macqua 

1. Mackwah 

2. Amic 

2. Amik 

3. Oskingick 


4. Otawagane 




6. Ni-mi-chomiss 


7. No-co-miss 









11. Wigwaum 



13. O'chiti-goine 


14. Othai 


15. Winessis 


16. Ni na bem 


17. Nibit (my) 




19. Ni ni michomen 


20. Nin (I or me) 


21. Kin (you or thou) 




23. Ninawa 


24. Nipei 

24. Nebbi 

25. Nimisain 


26. Sipi 

26. Sippim 

27. Nipowen 

27. Nip 


28. Neepoo 

29. Matchi manitou 

2a Manitou 


30. Poutwah 

31. Oskingick (eyes) 

31. Wiskinkhie 

32. Scoutay 

32. Scutta 

33. Mih (to give) 

33. Millaw 


34. Manitou 


35. Tawne 


36. Mawlawtissie 

37. Pemoussai (to walk) 

37. Pimmoussie 


38. Weewin 


39. Malatit 

40. Makisin 

40. Maukissin 

41. Kijis 

41. Kissis 

42. Na matape win (to sit down) 

42. Mintipin 


43. Tah 

44. Pipone 

44. Pepoun 

45. Mitic 

45. Mittic 





(From Long's Travels, Lond. edit. 

(From McKenzie.) 

1791 .) 

1. Mackquah 

1. Masqua. 

2. Amik 

2. Amisk 

3. Wiskinky (eyes) 

3. Es kis och (eyes) 

4. Nondawan 



4. O tow ee gie 

6. Nee moo shum 


7. N'o kum 





10. Equoysince 


11. Wigwaum 




13. Eshtergoan 

13. Us ti quoin 

14. Oathty 

14. O thea 

15. Lissy (human hair) (30) 

15. Wes ty ky 

16. Nabaim 

16. Ni nap pern (my) 

17. Weebit 

17. Wip pit tah 

18. Neegwotch 



19. NVkamiss (my) 

20. Nin, nee (I, me, my) 

20. Nitha 

21. Keen, kee (thou, you) 

21. Kitha (thou, you) 

22. Neennerwind (we, us, our) 

22. Nithawaw 

23. Keennerwind (ye, your) 

23. Kitha (you, thou) 

24. Nippee 

24. Nepee 



26. Seepee 

26. Sipee 


27. Nepew 

28. Neepoo 


29. Matchee mannitoo 


30. Pooter chebockwoy 




32. Scotay or squitty 

32. Scou tay 

33. Darmissey 

33. Mith (to give) 



35. Tawny 




37. Pamosay (go, walk) 

37. Pimoutaiss (to walk) 

38. Tuckunnumkewish 


39. > 


40. Maukkissin 

40. Maskisin 

41. Geessessey 

41. Pisim 

42. Mantetappy 

42. Nematappe 

43. Aunday 


44. Bebone. 

44. Pipoun 

45. Meteek 

45. Mistick 




WIJVjYEBAGO (or Mppegon.) 

(From Harmon's Journal. 1820.) 

(From Professor Say.) 

1. Musk-quaw 


2. A-misk 

2. Nah-a-pah 

3. Mis-kee-sick 

3. Shtasso (eyes) 

4. Me-ta-wa-ki 

4. Naunt-shou-ah (ears) 



6. E-mo-shome 


7. O-kome 

7. ■ • 











13. Is-te-gwen 

13. Nahs-soo (head) 


14. Nach-keh (heart) 

15. Mis-te-ky-ah 


16. Ne-na-bem 


17. Mee-pit (tooth) 

17. Hee (teeth) 

18. We-na-cum-ma 


19. O-ko-miss 






22. Ne-on 



23. Ne-eh 

24. Ne-pee 

24. Nee-nah ; neeh 

25. E-miss 


26. Se-pee 

26. Nee-shan-nuk 




28. Ah-noo (dead) 






31. Shtas-soo (eyes) 

32. Es-quit-tu 

32. Peych or pyche 

33. Me-yow, may-gu (31) 




35. Ta-ne-say 




37. Ke-to-tain (to go) 


38. Wee-ke-mow 


39. Na-maw-ca-qui-me-wa-sin 


40. Mos-ca-sin 


41. Pe-sim (32) 

41. Weedah 

42. Ap-pee 


43. Ta-ne-tay 


44. Pe-poon 


45. Mis-tick (firewood) 


VOL. X. 





(1) Amisque. " E final is never sounded in any Indian word 
which I write, except monosyllables." Edwards. 

(2) Nemoghome. " Gh in any Indian word has the strong gut- 
tural sound, which is given by the Scots to the same letters in the 
words tough, enough, &c." Edw. 

(3) Nboo or nepoo. " The first syllable scarcely sounded." Edw. 

(4) Mtandou or mannito. " The last of these words properly 
signifies a spectre or any thing frightful." Edw. See the remarks 
of Mr. Heckewelder on the word tschipey, a spirit, in the Delaware 
language ; No. 12. infra. 

(5) Tuneh. " Wherever u occurs, it has not the long sound of the 
English u as in commune ; but the sound of u in uncle, though much 
protracted. The other vowels are to be pronounced as in English." 

(6) Mdhghomdn. " Wherever gh occurs in the above specimen, 
the pronunciation is extremely guttural, and appears to be a strong 
characteristick of the language, hardly imitable by us." Jenks. 

(7) Thepow. " Th sounded as in thing." Jenks. 

The recurrence of this sound of th, in Mr. Jenks' specimen of Mo- 
hegan, in cases where Dr. Edwards uses the letter s, constitutes a 
striking difference between their two vocabularies. This circum- 
stance once led the Editor to suspect, that the difference might possi- 
bly have been occasioned by some inattention in writing down the 
words. But Mr. J. (whose great accuracy is well known) in answer 
to an inquiry on this point, says — " With respect to the sound of th, 
in my scanty specimen of Mohegan, published in 1804, 1 well recol- 
lect my informant's pronunciation, and have correctly described it, 
I find, as being like th in thing." Unless, therefore, the individual 
Indian in question had a defective utterance, that occasioned a lisp- 
ing pronunciation of the letter s, (which, however, Mr. J. does not 
intimate to have been the case) the specimen under consideration 
apparently belongs to a different dialect of the Mohegan from that 
spoken by the Stockbridge tribe. Its close resemblance to the Sha- 
wanese, in this sound of th, deserves notice ; the more particularly so, 
as that sound is not found in the other dialects of the Comparative 
Vocabulary, with the exception of the Knisteneaux, in a few in- 

Lenape or Delaware. 

(8) Wuschgink. The student will observe, that the German 
writers of Indian words often use the letter g in cases where an 


Englishman or Frenchman, for example, would use k ; and the sub- 
stitution of k for g will often disclose analogies that are not at first 
obvious. In the present instance, the Indian words for eye, in the 
kindred dialects, are generally written by English and other writers 
with the letter k, as will be seen in the Vocabulary. So the word for 
sim, which in Delaware is written with g (gischuch) is commonly 
written by the French and English with k; as keesogh, keesuck, 
kizous, &c. There are undoubtedly slight modifications of this 
sound in different dialects, which would sometimes require the use 
of g and sometimes of k; but the remark of Mr. Heckewelder on 
this point should be kept in mind by the student : " Sometimes (says 
he) the letters c or g are used in writing the Delaware language in- 
stead of k, to shew that this consonant is not pronounced too hard ; 
but, in general, c and g have been used as substitutes for k, because 
our printers had not a sufficient supply of types for that character." * 

(9) Wikwam. " The i long, as ee." Heckewelder. 

(10) Wil. "the* long." Heckew. 

(11) Tendeuhel, make a fire. " 1 could send you no proper word 
for dress the kettle, as the Indians have no such expression." Letter 

from Mr. Heckewelder to the Editor. 

( 12) Tschipey or tschitschank. " The word tschitschank, for the 
soul or spirit in man, is the only proper word, and none other is to be 
made use of in discoursing on religion or religious subjects ; though 
tschipey has been made use of, even by missionaries, who knew no 
better, and had learned it so from Indians, who had no conception of 
the purity of the soul or spirit, other than that after this life they 
would undergo a transformation, similar to something they had not 
before seen. Therefore they call the place or world they are to go 
to after death, Tschi-pey-ach-gink or Tschipey hacking, the world of 
spirits, spectres or ghosts; where they imagine are various frightful 
figures. None of our old converted Indians would suffer the word 
Tschipey to be made use of in a spiritual sense ; and all our Indians 
were perfectly agreed, that Tschitschank implied the immortal soul 
or spirit of man ; and they had a reverence for the word itself, 
whereas the other had something terrifying in it." Letter from Mr. 

(13) Lematachpil. " The i long." Heckew. 


(14) Amochk. This Minsi word is from Mr. Heckewelder's 
letter, before cited ; all the others are from Barton, who informs us, 
that they also were originally obtained from Mr. Heckewelder. New 
Views, preface, p. x. 

( 15) Angellowoagan. The termination -woagan, (which corres- 
ponds to -ness in English and -heit or-keitin German) is commonly 
written wagon by Mr. Heckewelder ; who informs us, that the Ger- 

* Correspond, with Mr. Du Ponceau, Letter xi. p. 382. 


man missionaries sometimes put the letter o after the w in order to 
express the English sound of this last letter. Correspondence with, 
Mr. Du Ponceau, Letter xviii. 

Shawanese, or Shawanoese, 

(16) Weeseh. Dr. Edwards thinks this word is mis-spelt, for 
weenseh. Observations, p. 6. 


(17) Mosk. "As the Greekes and other nations and ourselves 
call the seven Starres, or Charles' Waine, the Beare, so doe they 
[the Indians] mosk or paukunnawaw, the Beare." Williams' 1 Key, 

(18) Pautiinnea, bring hither. 

(19) Wetu, an house ; wetuomuck, at home. 

(20) Nippitch ewb, let him die. 

(21) Nippdwus, sun. Kesuck is used for the heavens. 


(22) Muskeesuk, eye or face. 

(23) Wetu. " Weekuwout or wekuwomut, in his house. Hence 
we corrupt this word wigwam." ElioVs Gram. p. 11. 

(24) Weshagan ; the hair of beasts. 

(25) Nepauz, sun. Kesuk is used for the heavens, as in the Na- 
raganset dialect. 


(26) Nep&daue, I blow the fire. Rale. 

(27) Pebsn, the present winter ; pebsne, the past winter. Rale. 

St. Francis. 

(28) Temarqua. In this specimen of the St. Francis dialect, the 
letters ar and or and ur appear to be used frequently to denote the 
sounds which we usually denote in English by ah, aw and uh. 

(29) Acommd, he. " Norsannup, 'that man." 


(30) Lissy, human hair. " Opeeway, hair of beasts." Long. 


(31) Meyoio, maygu ; to give. Harmon. 

(32) Peesim, sun ; keesick, sky. Harmon. 


NOTE 16. 

On the Winnebago Dialect. 

From the annexed Comparative Vocabulary it is already ap- 
parent, that the Winnebago dialect does not belong to the Lena- 
pe (or Delaware) stock, as was supposed at the time when Dr. 
Edwards wrote. This error has been accordingly corrected, 
(upon the authority of Professor Say) in the Notes upon that 
Vocabulary ; where it is further observed, that the dialect in 
question has been since found to belong to the Sioux or Nau- 
dowessie stock.* The Editor now has it in his power, through 
the kindness of Mr. Du Ponceau, to exhibit a small Table of 
several dialects, belonging to this latter stock ; which will satis- 
factorily show the affinity of the Winnebago, and at the same 
time form a useful addition to our Indian vocabularies.! Mr. 
Du Ponceau, in his letters, makes the following observations on 
this point : 

" I send you eight words in seven different dialects of what I 
call the Sioux or Naudowessie race of Indians. You will see 
that it extends from Lake Michigan to Louisiana, and forms one 
of what I call the two great Ultra-Mississippian Languages ; the 
other is the Pawnee, or Pants, of which I have a vocabulary, 
but none of the idioms of its cognate tribes. Those I under- 
stand to be the Keres, Comanches, Kiaways, Paducas and 
others, yet but little known. Major Long had collected vocab- 
ularies of those languages on his expedition to the westward ; 
but they were lost by the desertion to the Indians of a party of 
men who had charge of them. This Professor Vater bitterly 
laments, in a note at the end of the second part of his Analekten 
der Sprachen Jcunde. That these languages are branches of the 
Pawnee is a surmise of some of our travellers ; the fact itself 
however, as we have no vocabularies of them, we cannot com- 
pletely ascertain ; but it appears to me very probable, because 
the Pawnee being a language sui generis, and having no connex- 
ion in etymology with the Sioux branch, it is nearly evident 
that it does not stand single ; therefore I have put the Pawnee 
by the side of the Sioux, at the head of a second class, and I 
have little, if any doubt, that the fact will turn out so, when 
vocabularies shall enable us to ascertain it." 

An accurate classification of the Indian Languages must 
necessarily be a work of great labour, and for which we are 

* Seep. 132. t Seep. 151. 


not yet in possession of sufficient materials. It is a remark- 
able fact, and one which should be duly weighed by American 
scholars, that, for the best systematick arrangement of the lan- 
guages of our own continent, we are still obliged to resort to 
the learned of the old world. To them we are indebted for 
that wonderful monument of philology, the Mlthridates; in 
which is to be found the substance of all that was known re- 
specting the languages of America, until the late publications of 
Mr. Hecke welder and Mr. Du Ponceau. In that work we find 
a classification of the Indian languages, made with a sagacity 
and justness of discrimination, which are truly astonishing, 
when we consider under what disadvantages it must have been 
undertaken by writers, who are placed at so great a distance 
from the countries where those languages are spoken. The 
classification there given (both of the American and all the 
other languages of the globe) is made with so much care and 
ability, that it has been followed by the present learned Ade- 
Inng, in his late Survey of all the known Languages and their Dia- 
lects.* By the labours of the distinguished philologists above- 
mentioned, and of Baron William von Humboldt (who is now 
devoting his eminent talents to the American languages in par- 
ticular) we may hope soon to be possessed of as perfect a clas- 
sification, and as accurate general, views of these languages, as 
can be desired. But while learned foreigners are thus devoting 
themselves to the more general views of the American languages, 
the scholars of our own country should not neglect to employ the 
means, which their local situation affords them, of carefully col- 
lecting all those details of the various dialects, which will be 
essential to the formation of an exact classification of them, and 
to the -ultimate object of these inquiries — a just theory of lan- 
guage. Much has been recently done, in both these respects by 
Mr. Du Ponceau and Mr. Hecke welder, whose publications upon 
this subject (apparently dry and barren, but in reality interest- 
ing and fertile in results) have eminently contributed to the 
common stock of learning and to the elevation of our literary 
character. But, it may be added (as Mr. Du Ponceau himself 
observes) that ' ; the knowledge, which the world in general has 

acquired of the American languages, is yet very limited The 

study of the different languages of the different races of men, 
considered in relation to their internal structure and gram- 
matical forms, has but lately begun to be attended to, and may 
still be considered as being in its infancy ; the difficulties which 

* Uebersicht aller bekannten Sprachen und ihrer Dialekte. 8vo. pp. 
xiv— 185. St. Petersburgh, 1820. 



attend the pursuit of this interesting branch of science ought 
not to deter us from still pursuing it, in hopes of discovering 
some path, that may lead to a better knowledge than we yet 
possess of the origin, history, connexions, and relations, of the 
various families of human beings, by whom this globe now is 
and formerly was inhabited." * 






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felNCE the preceding Notes were written, the Rev. Dr. 
Morse has published his Report on Indian Affairs, made to the 
Secretary of War, and comprising " a Narrative of a Tour 
performed in the summer of 1820 under a commission from 
the President of the United States, for the purpose of ascer- 
taining, for the use of the Government, the actual state of the 
Indian tribes in our country." This important publication 
contains (among other things) copious geographical details of 
the Indian Nations, which would have superseded most of the 
remarks upon that point in the preceding Notes. The Editor 
has only to regret it was not sooner laid before the publick, 
and that it is now too late for him to avail himself of it with a 
view to making any improvements in the present work. He 
has, however, thought it would be acceptable to the reader 
if he should add from the Report (as Dr. Morse has obligingly 
permitted) the following specimen of the Mohegan dialect, as 
spoken by the present remnant of the Stockbridge tribe : 

Translation of the 19th Psalm into the Muh-he-con-nuk Lan- 
guage, done at the Cornwall School under the superintend- 
ance of Rev. John Sergeant, Missionary. 

1 . Neen woh-we-koi-wau-con-nun 
wih-tom-mon-nau-woh neh week-chau- 
nauq-tho-wau-con Poh-tom-now-waus ; 
don neh pau-muh-hom-mau-we-noi-eke 
wpon-nooth-ne-kaun wnih-tau-nuh- 

2. Woh-kom-maun aup-to-naun, don 
tpooh-quon wau-wiht-no-waun nooh- 
tom-mau-wau-con . 

3. Stoh nit-hoh aup-to-nau-wau-con 
eeo-huh un-neekh-tho-wau-con neh 
au-ton-nih stoh ptow-wau-mooq. 

1. The heavens de- 
clare the glory of God ; 
and the firmament shew- 
eth his handy work. 

2. Day unto day utter- 
eth speech, and night un- 
to night sheweth knowl- 

3. Their is no speech 
nor language, where 
their voice is not heard. 



4. Wtoh-pih-haun-woh pkoch-chih 
au-so-khaun mau-weh pau-paum'h 
hkey-eke, don neen wtaup-to-nau-wau- 
con-no-waun pau-chih wihq'h hkey- 
eke. Wbuk-kau-wauk wtuh-tow-waun 
we-ke-neet neen ke-soo-khun. 

5. Nuk nun au-now ne-mon-nawu 
tauq-peet wauk wpih-tow-we-kau- 
neek, don au-nom-me-naut au-now uh- 
vvau-pau-vveet nee-mon-nawu au-naut- 

6. Nik vvoh-wok nun wih-que-khuk 
woh-we-koi-wau-con-nuk, don neh 
wtin-ih we\v-no-khaun psih-kauch aun- 
quih-quok : don-stoh nit-huh kau-qui 
kau-cheekh-no-wih nih stop au-pauth- 

7. Neh wton-kom-meek-tho-wau- 
con Tau-paun-mo-waut kse-khau-yow y 
wquihg-nup-puhg-tbo-haun-quon nuh 
wchuch-chuh-queen : neh wtaup-to- 
nau-wau-con weet-nuth-theek nuh Tau- 
paun-mo-vvaut wau-we-che-khun, wib- 
wau-wau-tom-no-haun-quon nuh stoh 
kau-qui wau-wih-tauq. 

8. Neen wtun-kom-meek-tho-wau- 
con-nun. Tau-paun-mo-waut-wneekh- 
nuh, wtih-hon-nom-mih-hooq-nuh nuh 
wtuh-heen : neh whok-koh-keet-wau 
con Tau-paun-mo-waut kse-khau-yow, 
wih-wau-po-haun-quon-nuh neen 

9. Qkhaun Tau-paun-mo-waut pe- 
nau-yow. neen o-neem-wau-wau-con- 
nin. Tau-paun-mo-waut wnau-mau- 
wau-con-no-won wauk conut-tuh toht 

10. Un-no-wewu uh-hau-youn- 
quohk neen don khow-wot, quau, don 
mkeh wowh-nihk khow-wot ; un-no- 
wew sook-te-pook-tuh don aum-wau- 
weh soo-kut queh-now-wih neh wse- 

4. Their line is gone 
out through all the earth, 
and their words to the 
end of the world. In 
them hath he set a tab- 
ernacle for the sun, 

5. Which is as a 
bridegroom coming out 
of his chamber, and re- 
joiceth as a strong man 
to run a race. 

6. His going forth is 
from the end of the 
heaven, and his circuit 
unto the ends of it ; and 
there is nothing hid from 
the heat thereof. 

. 7. The law of the 
Lord is perfect, convert- 
ing the soul : the testi- 
mony of the Lord is 
sure, making wise the 

8. The statutes of the 
Lord are right, rejoicing 
the heart : the com- 
mandment of the Lord 
is pure, enlightening the 

9. The fear of the 
Lord is clean, enduring 
forever: the judgments 
of the Lord are true, and 
righteous altogether. 

10. More to be desir- 
ed are they than gold, 
yea, than much fine 
gold ; sweeter also than 
honey, and the honey- 

VOL. X. 




11. Wonk-nuh-hun, neen wewh- 
chih kton-nuh-kau-con eh-hom-maum- 
quoth-theen ; don koh-khon-now-wau- 
tau-thow neen htavvu mau-khauk hpon- 

12. 0\v-waun aum wke-sih nooh- 
tom-mon-nuh wpon-non-nuh-kau-wau- 
con-nun ? kse-khih-eh key-oh neh 
wchih nke-mih mbon-nun-nuh-kau- 

13. Kaun-nuh kton-nuh-kau-con 
wonk neh wchih maum-cheen-wih-nau- 
kih mchoi-wau-con-nih-koke ; cheen 
un-naun-tom-hun neen wauch aum un- 
nowh-kau-quoh : nun kauch ney-oh 
no-noi, wauk chili n'nkus-see-khoi neh 
wchih mau-khauk mchoi-wau-con-nuk. 

14. Un-naun-toh neen ndaup-to-nau- 
wau-con-nun don neh oi-nih pnow- 
waun-tok nduh, wauch aum wow-we- 
kih-nau-yon, O Tau-paun-me-yon, 
duh-wau-paw-con wonk Pohp-quaukh- 

1 1 . Moreover, by 
them is thy servant 
warned ; and in keeping 
of them there is great 

12. Who'Can under- 
stand his errors ? cleanse 
thou me from secret 

13. Keep back thy 
servant also from pre- 
sumptuous sins ; let 
them not have dominion 
over me : Then shall 1 
be upright, and I shall 
be innocent from the 
great transgression. 

14. Let the words of 
my mouth, and the med- 
itation of my heart, be 
acceptable in thy sight, 
O Lord, my strength 
and my Redeemer. 




03= The references in this Index to Dr. Edwards' work are made to 
the original paging, which is preserved in the margin of the present 

Chip, denotes Chippeway words; 

Moh. Mohawk ; and 

Shaw. Shawanese. 

The words not thus designated are all Mohegan. 

A. I 

Page. Kpumseh, thou walkest 

Amaquah, a beaver (Shaw.) 6|Kpumsehmuh, ye walk 

Amik, a beaver (Chip.) 

Amisque, a beaver 
Anneb, to 
Anuweeweh, more 

Chautok, seven (Moh.) 


7lKtuhwhunin, I love thee 14 

6!Ktuhwhunoohmuh, I love you 


Ghusooh, eight 


Hkeesque, eye 
Hpoon, winter 

Kabnuh, very 
Keah, thou, 
Kelah, thou (Shaw.) 

Keauwuh, ye 7 

Kelauweh, ye (Shaw.) 7 

Keesogh, the sun 8 

Kialeh, four (Moh.) 9 

Kissis, the sun (Chip.) 8 
Kmattanissauteuh, you are a 

coward 14 

Kmeetseh, thou eatest 15 

Knisk, thy hand 17 

Kogh, thy father 13 

Kpeesquasooeh, you are a girl 14 

Kpehtuhquisseh, thou art tall 11 
Kpehtuhquissehmuh,ye are tall 1 1 

15! (plur.) 14 

12 Ktumhecan, thy hatchet 12 

I Ktumhecannoowuh, your 

hatchet 13 



Mackwah, a bear (Chip.) 7 
Malatat, good for naught ( Chip.) 8 
Manitou, a spirit or spectre, 

(Chip.) 7 
Mannito, a spirit or spectre, 

devil 7 

Matansautee, a coward 14 

Mattipeh, sit down 8 

Maukissin, a shoe (Chip.) 8 

Mauquah, a bear (Shaw.) 6 
Mawlawtissie, an impostor, he 

is a bad man (Chip.) 7 

Meenuh, give it him 7 

Meetseh, eat thou 15 

Meetsoo, he eateth 15 

Metooque, wood 8 

Millaw, give it him (Chip.) 7 

Mintipin, sit down (Chip.) 8 

Mittic, wood (Chip.) 8 

Mkissin, a shoe 8 

Mquoh, a bear 7 

Mtandou or mannito, devil 7 

Mtannit, ten 9 
Mtissoo, an impostor, he is an 

impostor or bad man 7 


7, 16 




Mtissoo, he is homely 
Mlit, good for naught 


Naughees, my grandchild 6 

Nauneeweh, nine 9 

Nauwoh, four 9 

Nbey, water 8 

Nboo or nepoo ; dead, or he is 

dead < 

Ndinnehnuh, I run to 15 

Ndinnoghoh, I walk to 15 

Ndiotuwauch wupkoh, I shall 

fight to-morrow 15 

Ndoghpeh, I ride 15 

Nduhwhuntammin, I love it 14 
Nduhwhununk, I love them 14 
Ndumhecan, my hatchet 12 

Ndumhecannuh, our hatchet 13 
Nduwhunuw, I love him or 

her 14, 16 

Neah, I (pronoun) 16 

Nebbi, water (Chip.) 8 

Neaunuh, we 7 

Neauweh (Shaw.) See 

Neesoh, two 9 

Neepoo ; dead, he is dead 

(Chip.) 7 

Nelah, I (pronoun) (Shaw.) 7 
Nelauweh, we (Shaw.) 7 

Nemannauw, a man 10 

Nemannauk, (plur.) men 10 

Nemannauwoo, he is a man 12 
Nemeetseh : Sec Nmeetseh 
Nemeethau, elder sister ( Shaw.)l 
Nemoghome, my grandfather 6 
Nepoo or nboo ; dead, he is 

dead 7 

Neeseethau, my uncle (Shaw.) 7 
Netohcon, an elder brother 11 
Ngheesum, a younger brother 

or sister 11 

Ngwittoh, one 9 

Ngvvittus, six . 9 

Nip ; to die, I dio 7 

Nippee, water (Shaw.) 7 

Nmase, an elder sister 11 

Nmees, elder sister 7 

Nmeetseh or nemeetseh, I 

eat 15, 16 

Nmeetsehnuh, we eat 16 

Nnisk, my hand 17 

Nochehnuh, I run from 15 
Nocumthau, my grandmother 

(Shaw.) 6 
Noosthethau, my grandchild 

( Shaw. ) 6 

Nogh, my father 13 

Noghoh, three 9 

Nohhum, my grandmother 6 

Notoghogh, I walk from 15 

Npehtuhquisseh, I am tall 11 
Npehtuhquissehnuh, we are 

tall 11 
Npumseh, I walk 11 
Npumsehnuh, we walk 11 
Nsase, an uncle by the mo- 
ther's side 11 
Nsconmoo, he is malicious 11 
Nsconmowukon, malice 16 
Nsees, my uncle 7 
Nuchehque, an uncle by the 

father's side 11 

Nunon, five 9 


Ocheh, from 15 

Ohs, three (Moh.) 9 
Oieet, the man who lives or 

dwells in a place 12 

Oioteet, the man who fights 12 

Otaheh, his heart (Shaw.) 7 


Paumse-an, thou walking 12 

Paumseauk, we walking 12 

Paumseauque, ye walking 12 
Paumseecheek ; they walking, 

they who walk 12 

Paumseet, the man who walks 12 

Paumseet, he walking 12 

Paumse-uh, I walking 12 

Pautoh, fetch 6 

Peatoloo, fetch (Shaw.) 6 

Peesquasoo, girl 6, 14 
Pehtuhquisseecheek, the tall 

men 12 



Pehtuhquisseet, the man who 

is tall 11 

Pehtuhquissoo, he is tall 1 1 

Pehtuhquissoouk, they are tall 1 1 
Penumpausoo, a boy 10 

Pepoun, winter (Chip.) 8 

Peyuhtommauwukon, religion 16 
Pimmoussie, go (Chip.) 8 

Pomthalo, he goes (Shaw.) 6 
Poutouwah ; dress the kettle, 

make a fire 7 

Poutwah, dress the kettle, 

&c. (Chip.) 7 

Pumisseh ; go, walk thou 8, 17 
Pumissoo, he goes 6, 11 

Pumissoouk, they walk 11 


Scutta, fire (Chip.) 7 

Sekeenundowhukon, hatred 16 

Sepoo, river 7 

Sippim, river (Chip.) 8 

Skeesacoo, eye (Shaiv.) 6 

Sottago, eight (Moh.) 9 

Squathauthau, a girl, (Shaw.) 6 

Stauw, fire 7 

Tah, where (Chip.) 8 

Tawne, how (Chip.) 7 

Teggeneh, two (Moh.) 9 

Tehah, where 8 

Teuhtoh, nine (Moh.) 9 

The pee, river (Shaw.) 7 
Tmohhecan, hatchet or axe 12 

Towacah, ear (Sftaw.) 7 

Towohque, ear 6 

Tuneh, how 7 

Tupouwus, seven 9 


Uhwhundowukon (noun) love 16 

Ukeesquan, his eyes 7 

Unisk, his hand 17 

Uskot, one (Moh.) 9 

Utoh, his heart 7 

Utumhecan, his hatchet 12 

Utumhecannoowuh, their 

hatchet 13 

Uwoh ; he, that man, this man, 
this thing 6, 16 


Wasecheh, her husband 

(Shaw.) 7 

Waughecheh, her husband 7 
Waunseet, the man who is 

beautiful 12 
Weecuah, house (Shaw.) 6 
Weekuwuhm, house 6 
Weenseh, his head (Shaw.) 6 
Weensis, his head 6 
Weeseh : See weenseh 
Weeween, marry 8 
Weewin, marry (Chip.) 8 
Weghaukun,hair 7 
Welah, he, that man, (Shmv.) 6 
Welathoh, hair (Shaw.) 7 
Wepeetalee, his teeth (Shaw.) 7 
Wepeeton, his teeth 7 
Wialeh, ten (Moh.) 9 
Wigwaum, house (Chip.) 7 
Wisk, five (Moh.) 9 
Wiskinkhie, his eyes (Chip.) 7 
Wnechun, his child 10 
Wneeweh, I thank you 7 
Wnissoo, he is beautiful 11, 12 
Wnoghquetookoke, Stock- 
bridge 15 
Wnoghquetookoke ndinne- 
toghpeh,I ride to Stock- 
bridge 15 

toghpeh, I ride from 
Stockbridge. 15 

Wnukuwoh ndiotuwoh, yes- 
terday I fight 15 


yesterday I fought 15 

Wupkauch ndiotuwoh, to- 
morrow I fight 15 


Yoiyok, six (Moh.) 




[D 3 The references to Dr. Edwards' work are made to the original paging, 
which is preserved in the margin of the present edition. The other refe- 
rences (distinguished by the letter N) are to the numbers of the Editor's 



Abstract terms ; as common in the 
Mohegan as in other languages 16 
' and N. 12 

formed in the De- 
laware by the termination tea- 
gan ib. 

in the South Ame- 
rican languages N. 12 

Adjectives, none in Mohegan 11 

few in the Delaw. N. 7 

mode of expressing de- 
grees of comparison 

their place supplied by 


Affixes, used to express the pro- 

manner of using; them 

analogy of Hebrew and 


Algonkins speak a dialect of Mo- 

Appellatives (father, mother, &c.) 
never used in Mohegan without 
a pronominal affix 




Cases, only one in Mohegan which 
varies from the nominative 16 

in the Massachusetts lang. N. 4. 

none in the P»lexican lang. ib. 

seven in the Quichuan ' ib. 

Cherokee, specimen of verbs in, N. 14 

Chili, the language has a singular 
dual and plural number N. 5 

Chippeway language, radically the 
same with the Mohegan 5 

specimen of 7 

Comparison of adjectives 12 



Daggett (Rev. H.) his remarks on 
the modes of expressing the re- 
lations of father, mother, &c. 
in various dialects N. 8 

Declensions, none in Delaware N. 4 

Delaware language, radically the 
same with the Mohegan 5 

■ the most widely extend- 
ed of any language, east of the 
Mississippi. See Introduction to 

Indians, where situated, 

&c. N. 15 

Dual number, in some American 
languages N. 5 


Father, Mother, &c. not used with- 
out the pronominal affixes, my, 
thy, &c. 13 

and N. 8 
Future tense, expressed by affixing 
the sign of it to the adverb, &c. 
which accompanies the verb. 15 
and N. 11 


Genders, no diversity of in Mo- 
hegan 10 

in the Massachusetts and 

Delaware N. 3 

in Delaware, in the case 

of certain animals, expressed by 
a distinct word ib. 

Guaranese language has only a 
singular number N. 5 




Hebrew, its analogy in some re- 
spects to the Mohegan 12, 16 

Hurons and Iroquois cannot pro- 
nounce the labials N. 2 


Iroquois : See Hurons. 
Infinitive mode, never used in Mo- 
hegan 13 
Inflexions of nouns, none in the 
Mexican or Orinokese languages 

N. 4 

Killistenoes : See Knisteneaux. 

Knisteneaux speak a dialect radi- 
cally the same with the Mohegan 5 
See also Xotes. 

where situated, &c. N. 15 


Labials, abound in Mohegan 9 

none in Mohawk ib. 

remark of La Hontan re- 
specting N. 2 

La Hontan, his acquaintance with 
the Indian languages denied by 
Charlevoix N. 15 

Lenni Lenape, the true name of 
the Delawares ib. 

Lord's Prayer : See Pater Noster. 


Mahicanni, the true name of the 

Mohegans N. 15 

Massachusetts language, radically 

the same with the Mohegan 5 
Indians, their situ- 
ation, &c. N. 15 
Menomonees 5 

where situated, &c. N. 15 

Messisaugas or Messisaugers 5 

where situated, &c. N. 15 

Mexican language has no inflex- 
ions of nouns, except for the 
singular and plural N. 4 

Minsi or Munsee, radically the 
same with the Mohegan " 5 

numerals N. 1 

Mohawk, entirely different from 

Mohegan 9 
specimen of ib. 

Mohawk, has no labials 

and N. 1 

Mohegan, dialects of it spoken 
throughout New England 5 

various dialects enume- 
rated ib. 

has eight parts of speech 15 

radically the same with 

the language of Eliot's Bible 5 

Lord's Prayer in it 9 

its resemblance to He- 
brew in the affixes 12, 16 

— Indians, various names 

of N. 15 

Muhhekanneew : See Mohegan. 

Munsee s : See Minsi. 


Nanticokes, or 

Nanticooks 5 

where situated, &c. N. 15 

Natick language, pioperly called 

the Massachusetts ib. 

Nipegons 5 

the same with the Win- 

nebagoes N. 15 

where situated, &c. ib. 

Nouns may be. turned into verbs 
in the Indian languages 14 

and N. 10 
Numbers (of nouns, &c.) their va- 
riety in the American languages 

N. 5 
Numerals, in Mohegan & Mohawk 9 

how far they may be 

used to ascertain affinities of di- 
alects N. 1 


Orinokese languages have no in- 
flexions of nouns N. 4 

do not apply the plural 

number to irrational animals N. 5 
Orthography of the Indian lan- 
guages, example of the differ- 
ences occasioned by its unset- 
tled state N. 1 
Otto waus, more properly W'ta was 5 

where situated, &c. N. 15 

Ottogamies 5 
where situated, &c. N. 15 



Parsons (Gen.) his list of Shawa- 
nese words 6 

Participles, all Mohegan verbs have 
them 11 

■ are declined, as verbs 

are 12 

Pater Noster, in Mohegan 9 

in Mohawk ib. 

See also Note 1. 

how far translations 

of it may be used, to prove affi- 
nities of dialects N. 1 

Penobscot language, radically the 
same with the Mohegan . 5 

Peruvian language : See Quichuan. 

Plural number, how formed in Mo- 
hegan 10 

of the American 

languages, various forms of N. 5 

Prefixes : See Affixes. 

Prepositions, very few in Mohegan 15 

rarely used except in 

composition ib. 

Pronouns, prefixed and suffixed to 
nouns and verbs 13 

Quichuan, or Peruvian, language 
has seven cases of nouns N. 4 


Rale's MS. Dictionary of the Ab- 
naki N. 15 

Relations (of father, mother, &c.) 
more carefully distinguished by 
the Mohegan s than by Euro- 
peans 11 

remarks on the Indian 

mode of using nouns expressing 
these relations N. 8 

Relative pronouns loho and which 
wanting in Mohegan 12 

also wanting in 

some languages of S. America, N. 6 




where situated, &c. N. 15 

Shawanese, radically the same 

with the Mohegan 5 
specimen of 6 

Specific terms, more used than 
generic ones N. 14 

St. Francis Indians, dialect of Mo- 
hegan 5 

where situat- 
ed N. 15 

Stockbridge dialect, the one which 
is the subject of Edwards' work 5 

Suffixes : See Affixes. 

Tenses, past and future used 

past and future expressed 

by a form of the present 

expressed sometimes by 

variations of the noun or adverb 
accompany iug the verb 

and N. 

Unami numerals 



N. 1 

Verb substantive, wanting in Mo- 
hegan and many other Indian 
languages 14 

and N. 9 

transitive, never used with- 
out expressing both agent and 

Verbs, the nominative and accusa- 
tive pronouns always affixed to 

their radix is the third per- 
son sing, indie. 

formed out of nouns 

how used in the American 


languages in speaking of differ- 
ent objects N. 14 
Vocabularies of Indian languages, 
caution to be used in forming 
them 17 
and N. 14 

Wagan, a Delaware termination 
for abstract terms ; correspond- 
ing to -ness in English, &, -heit 
or -keit in German N. 12 

Winnebagoes 5 

Woagan, the same as wagan N. 12 
W'tawas (or Ottowaus) 5 



IT being an established custom of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society to notice the decease of its members, 
and to give some account of their life and character, it 
was thought that this could not be better done, in the 
present instance, than by copying the following article, 
published in the Boston Daily Advertiser of the 8th of 
October, 1822; which is understood to have been writ- 
ten by a distinguished citizen and scholar, whose unde- 
viating friendship and kindness, for many years, bright- 
ened the existence of our departed associate. Some notes 
are here added by a member of the Society, to whom the 
deceased was known, and by whom he was respected and 
beloved from early life. 

Died at Cambridge on the 3d instant, William 
Dandridge Peck, Esq. aged 59, Massachusetts Pro- 
fessor of Natural History in Harvard University.* Mr. 
Peck enjoined on his surviving friends not to permit any 
ceremonious interment, or any of those publick testimo- 
nies of respect, by which the members of that seminary 
are accustomed, very properly, to express their regret at 

* Mr. Peck was the son of Mr. John Peck, and was born in Boston, May 
8th, 1763. His mother, whose original name was Jackson, died when this 
son was seven years old. Though this bereavement occurred to him at so 
early an age, he felt it keenly, and cherished her memory with fond affection, 
through the whole course of his life. It is not improbable that the event con- 
tributed, with other circumstances, to cast the shade of melancholy over the 
mind of the son, which at times required the best influence of his friends to 
disperse. At the commencement of the siege of Boston, in 1776, the family 
removed to Braintree, where the subject of this memoir for a time pursued 
his studies under the direction of the Rev Mr. Weld; and removing after- 
wards to Lancaster, he was placed under the care and tuition of the Rev. 
Mr. Ward of Brookfield, by whom he was prepared for admission to the Col- 
lege, and by whom he was ever after esteemed and beloved. 

vol. x. 22 


the loss of an associate, and valued officer.* Mr. Peck's 
injunction should not be considered as expressive of his 
disapprobation of a custom, highly important in such an 
institution. No such opportunities should be lost of im- 
pressing on the minds of youth, the value of a virtuous 
and honourable, literary and scientifick life. — To Mr. 
Pecks personal character alone this dread, even of post- 
humous praise, is to be ascribed : and in the short ac- 
count of his blameless life, which it may be permitted to 
one of his earliest friends to give, as a very feeble expres- 
sion of tenderness and respect, the causes of this uncom- 
mon fear of exciting publick attention will be perceived. 
It is not, however, from private feelings alone, that this 
brief sketch of Mr. Pecks biography is presented. The 
institution of which he was a member, and the state of 
which he was a distinguished citizen, have a claim to the 
just praise of his talents and knowledge, which he was 
too diffident to permit to be noticed ; and we have a right 
to make this sacrifice of private duty, for higher and more 
important objects. 

There was nothing about Mr. Pecks life or character, 
w T hich could furnish the materials of a highly wrought 
picture ; nothing which would address itself to the pas- 
sions or the imagination. It was simply the example of 
an unaided and retired individual, struggling, during the 
greater period of his life, against every discouragement, 
upborne by his genius and love of study, and constantly 

* Mr. P. was seized with his last illness, which was a third attack of hemi- 
plegia, on the night of the 10th of September preceding his death. His pow- 
ers of utterance were gone, but those of his understanding seemed not in the 
least affected. He was at once impressed with the conviction, that, it was to 
be his last sickness, and the next morning wrote with a pencil, " no funeral, 
no eulogy;" thus exhibiting, to the last, that aversion to parade, which was 
always a distinguished feature of his character. It seems not improbable that 
he was moved, in this instance, by the remembrance that the funeral obse- 
quies of his valued friend and associate, Levi Frisbie, A. M. Alford Professor 
of Natural Religion, Moral Philosophy, and Civil Polity, had then lately been 
attended, with all the respect which was due to the memory of that excellent 
man. A very just and impressive Eulogy was delivered on that occasion, in 
the chapel of the University by Mr. No? ton, Dexter Professor of Sacred Lite- 
rature. It is not necessary to add, that due regard was paid to this dying re- 
quest of Mr. P. He was privately entombed, without any of those ceremonies 
usual on similar occasions, and which would doubtless have been affection- 
ately observed, in this instance, by every member of the University. 


adding new stores to a powerful mind, capable of com- 
prehending all that it received from reading and obser- 
vation, and of analyzing, arranging and preserving it. 

Mr. Peck was admitted Bachelor of Arts at Cambridge 
in 1782.* He was destined for commercial pursuits, and 
passed a regular apprenticeship in the compiing house of 
the late Hon. Mr. Russell. His exactitude and industry 
acquired for him the confidence and lasting friendship of 
that distinguished merchant.f 

Mr. Peck's father was a man of very great genius in 
the mechanick arts. He was the most scientifick, as well 
as the most successful naval architect, which the United 
States had then produced. The ships built by him were 
so superiour to any then known, that he attracted the at- 
tention of Congress, and was employed by them to build 
some of their ships of war. But his talents did not bring 
him that pecuniary reward, which all who knew the su- 
periority of his skill have admitted was his due; and, 
disgusted with the world, he retired to a small farm in 
Kittery, resolved that his models, founded, as his son 
always affirmed, on mathematical calculations, should 
never be possessed by a country, which had treated him 
with so much ingratitude.! 

* While an undergraduate, Mr. P. was considered as among the most re- 
spectable of his class, making it his rule to give the needful application to 
every prescribed study : and while he was distinguished for his classical at- 
tainments, he also at that period discovered an attachment to those branches 
of Natural History, his progress in which so much occupied and delighted 
him th'ough life It was remarkable of him that allhough it was a fixed 
principle of his conduct, by a strict conformity to the laws and regulations of 
the College, to retain the favourable opinion of every member of the govern- 
ment ; at the same time, by the uniform courtesy of his deportment, and his 
habitual kindness, he equally possessed the respect and good will of the un- 

t It was in conformity to his father's wishes, that Mr. Peck received a mer- 
cantile education. His own predilections were for the profession of medicine ; 
and after the removal of the family to Kittery. he made application to Dr. 
Bracket, to be received as his pupil. The writer of this has been informed, 
that the doctor, having at the time the number of students allowed by the 
rules of the faculty to be taken by one physician, was on that account obliged 
to decline the proposal. On circumstances so trivial in themselves, often 
depend the complexion and whole course of a man's after life. 

+ These models the son preserved, with the most scrupulous attention and 
care, to his death, believing that they must one day be duly valued, and come 
into general use. He once received the offer of a very handsome sum of 


The failure of the father's schemes defeated Professor 
Peck's prospects as a merchant ; and, at an early age, he 
too imbibed not a little of his father's discontentment with 
the world, (a very pardonable errour in a young man, who 
venerated his father's talents and virtues,) and retired to 
the same obscure village, to pass the whole of that period 
of life, which nature has designed should be the most 

During nearly twenty years Professor Peck led the 
most ascetick and secluded life, seldom emerging from 
his hermitage.* But his mind, so far from being inac- 
tive, was assiduously and intensely devoted to the pur- 
suits, to which the bent of his genius and taste inclined 
him. At a time when he could find no companion, nor 
any sympathy in his studies, except from the venerable 
Dr. Cutler of Hamilton, who was devoted to one branch 
of them, botany, Mr. Peck made himself, under all 
the disadvantages of very narrow means, and the extreme 
difficulty of procuring bocks, an able and profound bota- 
nist and entomologist. But his studies were not con- 
fined to these two departments only. In zoology, orni- 
thology and ichthyology, his knowledge was more ex- 
tensive than that of any other individual in this part of 
the United States, and perhaps in the nation.f 

money for them, from one of our most intelligent, enterprising and successful 
merchants. This offer he declined accepting, avowing as the reason, his wish 
that the government of the United States might first avail itself of the princi- 
ples, in the construction of national ships. It is believed that he once com- 
municated this wish to some member of the government, from which, however, 
nothing resulted. The models, together with many drawings, yet. remain : but 
it is to be feared that the professor's knowledge of the principles on which they 
were formed, will be found requisite to the full understanding and use of them. 

* Though Mr. Peck undoubtedly sympathized in the chagrin felt by his fa- 
ther, he never indulged to misamhropick feelings. On (he contrary, he made 
occasional visits to Boston, and there enjoyed in a high degree the society of 
many friends, by whom he was respected and beloved. He also made fre- 
quent excursions to Portsmouth, where he found those who were alive to his 
merits, and who assisted by their attentions to enliven his sequestered life 
The late worthy Dr. Bracket, before named, and his excellent lady, ever 
welcomed him to their hospitable mansion as a beloved son ; and so long as 
they lived to bless and adorn the society in which they moved, they contributed 
all in their power, and this was very much, to his comfort and enjoyment. 

t During Mr Peck's residence at Kittery, and two or three years that he 
lived in a delightful spot in Newbury, where the river Articlioke joins the 


One trait in his character ought here to be noticed ; 
and the more so, because the opposite defect is the most 
prevailing one in our country. — What he did know, or 
attempt to study, he studied profoundly ; and if his 
knowledge failed in extent, it was in all cases owing to 
want of health or means. To those who knew him well, 
before his removal from his obscurity to Cambridge, it 
appeared astonishing how, with advantages so slender, 
and under discouragements so chilling, he could have 
acquired so much. 

It was principally with a view to draw this learned and 
indefatigable labourer of natural history from his retreat, 
that the subscription for a Professorship of Natural His- 
tory at Cambridge was commenced. This has once been 
denied : but the writer of this article, and one of his 
friends, having been the most active circulators of the 
subscription, and fully and entirely acquainted with its 
origin, knew it to be true. Mr. Peck was elected by the 
subscribers the first professor s* and it is due to his 
memory to say, that he resisted the first solicitations most 
feelingly, and with great zeal. He desired his friends to 
recollect the hermit life he had led ; and that, at so ad- 
vanced a period, after habits of seclusion had been so long 
rooted, it would be impossible for him to come forth into 
active life, and to give to his favourite pursuits all the in- 
terest, and the charms of eloquence, of which they are sus- 
ceptible ; but which he feared he was not qualified to do. 

But his friends, who wished the country to do an act 
of tardy justice to merit so long neglected, would not 
listen to his objections, and compelled him to accept the 
appointment. The Board of Visitors wished him to visit 
the scientifick establishments of Europe, with which he 
complied. Having been with him during a part of that 
tour, we are enabled to state confidently, that he was re- 

Merrimack, prior to his removal to Cambridge, he made a most beautiful col- 
lection of the insects with which our country abounds, with many fine preser- 
vations of aquatick "plants, and of the more rare species of fishes to be found 
on our coast, and in our rivers and lakes. 

* March 27th, 1805. 


ceived by the men of science in England and France as a 
brother, and his merit was highly appreciated.* 

Mr. Peck inherited his father's taste for mechanical 
philosophy, and as an artist he was incomparable. His 
most delicate instruments, in all his pursuits, were the 
products of his own skill and handicraft. We shall 
never forget the astonishment of one of the first opticians 
of London, when Mr. Peck requested him to supply a 
glass, which had been lost out of a microscope made by 
himself, — nor the warm friendship he discovered for him, 
when he was satisfied that he was so able a self-instructed 

But Professor Peck's knowledge and taste were not 
confined to natural history and mechanicks. We are 
aware that, with some men, these qualifications are consid- 
ered of secondary merit. Mr. Peck had that delicate tact 
as to every subject of taste, which all men admit to be 
the proof of superior genius. He was a good classical 
scholar ; more correct than many, who make higher pre- 
tensions to it. He was truly and deeply a lover and a 
correct judge of the fine arts. He was fond of painting, 
and sculpture, and architecture ; without professing to 
have skill in them. No man, who ever saw the exqui- 
site accuracy and fidelity, with which he sketched the 
subjects of his peculiar pursuits, in entomology or bota- 
ny, could doubt the refinement of his taste. 

Of his character in social life, — of his virtues, — we are 
disposed to follow his own wishes, and to leave them to 
the recollection of a few friends, who knew him intimate- 
ly. They were of that pure, and simple, and sincere, 
and unaffected character, which such a life, devoted to 

* Mr. P. was three years absent on this tour. His longest stay was in 
Sweden. To him, the country that gave birth to Linnaus was classick ground. 
During his absence he collected a valuable library of books connected with 
the subjects of his professorship, and which belong to the foundation ; to- 
gether with many exquisite preservations of natural subjects, and rare speci- 
mens of art, many of which were presented to him by the scholars and men 
of science in Europe, with whom he formed an acquaintance in his travels. 

t His favourite exercise and amusement was with his lathe ; and he has 
left some fine specimens of turning, executed by him after he had wholly lost 
the use of one of his hands. 


such innocent and de ightful pursuits, was calculated to 
produce. If greater probity, sincerity, honour, delicacy, 
— are often to be met with, society must indeed be 

If it should be asked why, with such attainments, 
Professor Peck has left no greater and more enduring 
publick proofs of his learning and genius 1 we reply by 
asking, where can be found a case in a young country, 
a country so much in want of such talents, in which a 
man of genius and profound erudition was suffered to 
pine, for twenty years, neglected and unknown? — i\nd 
could it be expected, after all his hopes and prospects 
had been so long chilled, that he would come out, with a 
debilitated frame, a constitution broken down by study 
and meditation, with all the ardour and activity of early 
cherished and flattered youth ? It is unjust to expect it : 
— and yet Professor Peck has left enough to convince 
every reading man, and every feeling mind, that he was 
fully worthy of the honour conferred upon him ; and 
such generous and honourable minds will only regret 
that our country and its seminaries had not availed them- 
selves of his talents, while health and hope and joy would 
have given energy and eloquence to his pen, and thus 
have enabled him to erect for himself abetter monument 
than this tribute of truth and friendship ; and to pro- 
duce for his country some work, which would have done 
it honour abroad, and have stimulated its youth to 
equal exertions in science. 

But he has not lived in vain : He has shewn what 
may be done without encouragement, and amidst all 
possible discouragements : and his cheerful, philosophi- 
cal arid resigned exit proves, that a life so employed has 
its reward even on earth.* 

* Religion, as well as philosophy, sustained Mr. Peck, during the varied 
scenes of a life in which he suffered much, gave him an habitual cheerfulness 
during his protracted infirmities, and brightened his last hours with the en- 
livening hopes of a Christian. Mr. Peck's family were Congregationalists. 
From some cause, not now to be ascertained, he was not baptized in his 
infancy. In his riper years he gave his decided preference to the discipline 
and worship of the Episcopal Church, and, when more than thirty years of 
age, he was baptized by the late excellent Bishop Bass. The writer of this 


This article cannot be better concluded, than by the follow- 
ing closing paragraphs of a Sermon, preached by the Rev. Pre- 
sident Kirkland before the University, on the Sunday after the 
death of Professor Peck, from Isaiah lvii. 2: "He shall enter 
into peace : they shall rest in their beds, each one walking in 
his uprightness." 

The subject is adapted to the occasion which calls 
our thoughts to a respected and beloved member of our 
academick body, who has in the last week gone to his 
rest. We are deprived of another of our literary orna- 
ments, another of our associates in interesting and im- 
portant duties and cares. 

We felt the great affliction, which it pleased God he 
should suffer in a protracted period of infirmity, when his 
strength was weakened in the way ; and we mourn the 
loss of one so valued and endeared. Whilst we are af- 
fected with the sense of these chastisements, we would 
acknowledge the alleviations that attend the inflictions of 
Heaven. We would take a grateful notice of that good 
Providence, which, amidst trials and difficulties, allotted 
our friend a large portion of blessings, and we would es- 
pecially place among these blessings, his aptitude and in- 
clination to study the works of nature ; and the opportu- 
nity he enjoyed for so much of his life of indulging the 
predominant inclination of his mind. We are consoled 
that he found much of that inward repose which he 
coveted. He experienced the benign and soothing influ- 
ences of faith, hope and charity. Not that he was ex- 
empt from mortal suffering. His susceptibility of tem- 
perament, his delicacy of taste and generosity of disposi- 
tion, could not fail to lay him open at times to inquietude 
and even to anguish. But philosophy and religion did 
much to mitigate and assuage in him those feelings, 
which few are permitted, in this state of trial and imper- 

note was one of his u chosen witnesses," and can never lose the remembrance 
of the impressive solemnity, with which the holy office was administered, 
nor of the pious humility, with which it was received. 


fection wholly to avoid or overcome. He was distinguish- 
ed for uprightness and probity of mind ; for a delicacy of 
moral sentiment corresponding to the purity and refine- 
ment of his perceptions in subjects of taste. He ever ex- 
ercised a firm and tender reliance on the truths of natural 
and revealed religion, and paid an exemplary respect to 
the duties of the Christian profession. 

His peculiar pursuits contributed no doubt to form his 
temper and character, and exerted a powerful moral in- 
fluence upon his affections. 

The examination of the works of God is an inexhaust- 
ible source of pleasure and improvement to the indivi- 
dual. The multitude and variety of objects in the external 
creation ; the beauty, the structure, economy, connexion 
and uses of the animated and inanimate parts of nature 
must be acknowledged to be fitted to delight an elegant 
mind, and to produce emotions sublime and pleasing. 
In this view, these studies are entitled to high considera- 
tion. But the highest recommendation of the pursuits 
of the naturalist is their tendency to carry lessons of truth 
and virtue to the heart. From looking at the creatures 
and things on earth, are not our thoughts and affections 
drawn to him, who is the original Fountain of being, 
order and life, who thus reveals himself to his intelligent 
offspring, man, in unnumbered forms, and speaks to him 
in unnumbered voices, and calls him to adore the Author, 
Benefactor and Father of all? Are we not constrained to 
trust him, whose power, wisdom and benignity are seen 
above and below, from the heavenly bodies to the minut- 
est insects, " those puny vouchers of omnipotence 1 " Are 
we not taught resignation to the providence and govern- 
ment of God, believing that he who never destroys the 
least particle of dust will never annihilate the noblest of 
his creatures on earth? Shall we withhold our homage, 
our love, our obedience, from this greatest and .best of 
Beings ? 

The student of nature should feel himself near to the 
Divinity, walk in his presence, will what he wills, and 
co-operate with him for the common good. Can mean, 
selfish sentiments dwell in his heart, and must he not feel 

vol. x. 23 



prompted to imitate the benevolence which he sees and 
partakes ? Those who knew our excellent friend can 
bear witness to the good effect of his studies upon his 
mind and heart. He was intimately conversant with the 
productions of divine power and wisdom in the external 
creation. He was accustomed to see God in his works. 
He lived and died in a sense of his being and presence, 
and the hope of his favour. May the principles and ex- 
pectations which he cherished, and all the considerations 
of reason and religion adapted to sustain the heart of the 
afflicted, have power to minister comfort to those who 
were united to him by strong and tender ties.* It is not 
for us to judge when the Arbiter of life and death has 
no further any use for his servants on earth, or when it 
is fit they should pass from weariness to rest, and from 
service to reward. 

As for man, his days are as the grass ; as a flower of the 
field, so he perisheth : for the wind passeth over it and it 
is gone, and the place thereof shall know it no more. 
Blessed be God that the virtuous dead are prisoners of 
hope ; that death is not the extinction of being ; and that 
a renovated, superiour life shall visit the grave. 



W HEN the first planters of Massachusetts arrived, in 
the year 1630, they found Mr. William Blackstone,f an 
Episcopal minister, already seated on the peninsula of 
Shaiwnut, now the city of Boston, at the west part of it, 
near a spring, where he had a cottage, a garden plot, and, 

* Mr. Peck left a widow and one child, a son, aged about ten years. W 7 ith 
a mind peculiarly adapted to the serene enjoyments of domestick life, Mr. P. 
from a discreet regard to prudential considerations, deferred a matrimonial 
connexion until his settlement in the Professorship at Cambridge, gave him 
assurance of a competent support for a family. The worthy lady of his choice 
was a daughter of the late Rev. Timothy Hilliard, D. D. 

t Whether Blackston or Blackstone be the true orthography is submitted. 
Both are common to the records. It is Blaxton in Prince's Chronology. 


subsequently, an orchard planted by bis band.* "Hav'ng 
escaped the power of the lord bishops in England, and 
soon becoming discontented wilh the power of the lord 
brethren here," he made a removal about the year 1635. 
In the year 1634 all the then inhabitants of Boston pur- 
chased of him all his right and title to the peninsula of 
Shaicmut, he having been the first European occupant, 
each of whom paid him six shillings, and some of them 
more. With the proceeds of this sale he purchased cat- 
tle and made the removal already noticed, having resided 
in Boston, it is conjectured, about ten years. f The place 
to which he removed — the " Attleborough Gore" of his- 
tory — fell within the limits of Plymouth colony, in the 
records of which colony we find further memoirs of this 
respectable and memorable man. His name, however, 
does not occur in those records until the year 1661, the 
date of "Rehoboth north purchase," when this remark 
occurs in describing the bounds — "From Rehoboth, 
ranging upon Patucket River, to a place called by the na- 
tives JFaicepoonseag,t where one Blackstone now lived}," 
&:c. This is probably the aboriginal name of a rivulet 
now known as " Abbot's Run," in Cumberland, R. I. 
and Which is tributary to the Patucket. — His house was 
situated near the banks of the river, on a knoll, which he 
named " Study Hill." It was surrounded by a park, 
which was his favourite and daily walk for a series of 

His wife, Mrs. Sarah Blackstone, died "in the middle 
of June, 1673. His death occurred May 26, 1675, hav- 
ing lived in New England about fifty years. His age 
can only be conjectured from the dates already given. 
Two children are noticed in the records — John Black- 
stone, who appears to have had guardians appointed by 
Plymouth government, 1675, and a daughter married to 

* It has been said, that the first orchard in Massachusetts and the first in 
Rhode Island were planted by his hand.< 

t Leichford, who wrote in 1641, makes this remark. 

+ Waicepoonseacr. This word has the animate plural termination. It may 
denote a place where birds were probably ensnared or taken. Wawe is a 
name for the " goose" of one species, and poonseag seems to indicate " nets" 
or t; snares." 


Mr. John Stevenson, who received an assignment of part 
of Mr. Blackstone's real estate, for his kind care of him 
in his declining years. The death of Mr. Blackstone 
happened at a critical period — the beginning of the Indian 
war of 1 675 — 6. His estate was desolated, and his house 
and library burned by the natives. These disastrous 
events, however, he did not live to witness ; they occur- 
red a short time after his decease. He lies buried on 
classick ground, on Study Hill, where, it is said, "aflat 
stone marks his grave" 

His name, now extinct here, will be found on the first 
list of freemen of Massachusetts, 1630, and we hope and 
trust the musing stranger will hereafter find it on some 
marble tablet of historical inscriptions, by the side of his 
spring, and the banks of his stream. 

Inventory of the Lands, Goods and Chattels of Mr. Wil- 
liam Blackstone : Taken, May 28, 1675, by Mr. Ste- 
phen Paine and others, of Rehoboth. 


Sixty acres of land and two shares in meadows in Provi- 
dence. The west plain, the south neck, and land about 
the house and orchard, amounting to two hundred 
acres, and the meadow called Blackstone's meadow. 


3 Bibles, 10s.— 6 English books in folio, £2 £2 10 

3 Latin books in folio, 15s. — 8 ditto large > Q ,~ 

quarto, £2 . . . . "5 * 1D 

15 small quarto, £ 1 17 6. — 14 small do. 14s. 

30 large octavo, £ 4. — 25 small do. £ 1 5 

22 duodecimo .... 

53 small do. of little value 

10 paper books .... 

Remainder personal 
Total personal 

is. 2 

11 6 







£ 15 

12 6 




3 6 


This note is made in the margin : "This estate (the 
moveables) was destroyed and carried away by the na- 
tives." Plymouth Colony Records, 1675. 

Sept. 1822. S. D. 


IT is recorded in our annals, " that the first planters 
of Massachusetts found but one spring at Charlestown, 
the water of which was brackish, being overflowed by 
the tide ; that Mr. Blackstone, the first Englishman who 
had ever slept on the peninsula of Shawmut, going over 
to Charlestown at this juncture, August, 1630, informed 
Gov. Winthrop of an excellent spring of water at Shaw- 
mut, and invited him over to his side of the river," &c.&,c. 
Thus far is authemick history. Let us now examine the 
Indian dialects, in connection with the wants and pursuits 
of the aborigines. 

Water was to them, as it is to all, an article of the 
first necessity. As they did not dig wells, they travelled 
far to find springs ; the places where they were found 
became desirable situations, and, according to their mi- 
gratory habits, occasional places of residence. If the 
ground were fertile in the vicinity, and fishing stations 
were at hand, such places became the almost permanent 
abode of a great aboriginal population. An examination 
of some of the native dialects affords these results: 

Ashim signifies " a spring," in the dialect formerly 
spoken by the natives of Mashpee, in the county of 

Ashimuit, called also Shumuit, was the name of an In- 
dian village, which existed in former ages, on what is now 
the confines of Sandwich and Falmouth, where there is a 
large spring, still the resort of the natives in that vicinity. 

" Shaume-neck" and Shaume-nver" is the record 
name of Sandwich itself. There is a spring near the 


town neck, and there is another near the source of the 
river or brook which passes through that village. 

Shimmuo is the aboriginal name of a place in Nantucket, 
where an Indian village formerly existed, and where there 
is a large spring. 

Shamouahn is the Micmac name for " water," and for 
« drink." 

These instances, which may be multiplied, are suffi- 
cient examples of this aboriginal phrase, in its uses and 
application. The result seems almost conclusive, that 
when the spring at Mishawurnut, " a great spring," was 
overflowed by the tide, the aborigines were probably in 
the daily habit of crossing over in their canoes to the op- 
posite peninsula to procure fresh water, where springs 
were excellent and abundant. Hence the name Shaw- 
mut, fountains of living water. 

If it be objected, that this name for a spring does not 
occur in Eliot's Indian Bible, I can only say, that anoma- 
lies are incident to all languages, aboriginal as well as 
cultivated ; that the words fountain, source, and spring, 
so different in orthography and in sound, are all used by 
lis in one sense, and applied to one object ; that the abo- 
rigines have qualifying names for cold, clear, red, white, 
great springs, as well as civilized man ; that wutohke- 
kum, the Massachusetts and Narraganset. name for " a 
spring," is derived from wuttatash, "drink," and kike- 
gat, " day," or " clearness " — that is, " a clear spring ; "* 
and that the word ashim has a similar origin from wutta- 
tashmuit, in which the compound ideas of " drink " and 
"a spring" are understood: hence the evident derivations 
tashmuit,\ ashimuit, ashim and shumuit, all meaning the 
same thing — " a spring." 

Sept. 1S22. S. D. 

* Hence Keekamuit, " a clear spring," the aboriginal name of Bristol, R. I. 

t The name of a place in Truro, where the forefathers " first found and 

drank New England water." Nov. 11)20: The residence of the Rev. Mr. 

Avery, a former minister of Truro, was in the vicinity of a very copious spring, 
and which is the Tashmuit part of the township. 



Communicated in connexion with the preceding article. 

1639. UNDER this date Wood, an early writer, 
says — " This place (Boston) hath very good land, afford- 
ing rich corn fields and fruitful gardens ; having likewise 
sweet and pleasant springs." To which it may be sub- 
joined, that " Spring Lane " derived its name from a 
copious spring in that vicinity formerly. 

A respectable author (the late Rev. Dr. Lathrop) re- 
marks on the springs of Boston, "that on the north, as 
well as on the south side of Beacon Hill, and on the range 
of high ground connected with it, many springs are found ; 
and some of them seem to be inexhaustible." He adds 
— "It is to be hoped those hills will be regarded with a 
kind of religious respect." * If it be admitted that hills 
are the reservoirs of springs, what may be the conse- 
quence of levelling the hills, as it respects springs ? Will 
they not sink deeper, and occasionally disappear 1 

Mr. Feron, who analyzed the waters of Boston, says — 
" The water of Beacon Hill, Charter Street, and some in 
New Boston, appeared most free from impurities." 

A modern writer on Boston (Shaw) remarks that, in 
1800, " Blackstone's spring is yet to be seen on the 
westerly part of the town, near the bay which divides 
Boston from Cambridge." 

Sept. 1822. 

* Transactions of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 




A list of such Persons in New Hampshire as have at- 
tained to the one hundredth year of their age, or have 
exceeded that period; together with a considerable 
number, who have died between 90 and 100 years. 

Time of 



John Browne, 
Moses Cox, 
William Perkins, 
John Buss, 
James Wilson, 
William Scoby, 
James Shirley, 
Elizabeth Hight, 
Howard Henderson, 
William Craige, 
Mrs. Craige, 
Mrs. Lear, 
Mrs. Mayo, 
John Morrison, 
Rev. Joseph Adams, 
Robert Macklin, 
William Partridge, 
Madam Warner, 
Mrs. Ulrick, 
Mrs. Hay ley, 
Jacob Green, 
Widow Davis, 
James Shirley, 
James Wilson, 
Dea. Joseph Bouttell, 
Rebecca Bouttell, 
Rev. Ebenezer Flagg 
Mary Cate, 


Residence. . 








































Time -ot 





Mrs. Taylor, 




Mr. Jenkins, 




Jeremiah Towle, 




Elizabeth Newmarch, 




Thomas Wason, 




Deborah Hale, 




Dea. Benjamin Foster, 




Hannah Smith, 


, 92 


Sarah Lang, 




Ezekiel Leathers, 




Abednego Leathers, 




Grace Towne, 




Hannah Lovejoy, 




Sarah Burdet, 




Dea. Francis Chase, 




Lydia How, 




Dea. Nathan Hall, 




Hannah Bouttell, 




Martha Chesmore, 




Daniel Davis, 

Alien stown, 



Margaret Bacon, 


J 808, 

Mrs. M'Clench, 




Elizabeth Potter, 




Catharine Sherburne, 




Joshua Foss, 




Sarah Stewart, 




Catharine Sanborn, 




Mrs. Hixon, 




Tabitha Bohonnon, 




Mrs. M'Intire, 




Maj. Ezra Deolph, 




Mary Bean, 




Nathan Blake, 




Benjamin Conner, 




James Atwood, 




Abigail Wright, 




Hannah Gurdy, 




Joanna, Hixon, 




x. 24 



Time of 






Mary Davidson, 




Dye, (a negro) 




Lt. John M'Curdy, 




John Wardwel), 




Mary Wallace, 



Abigail Sanborn, 




Abigail Mason, 




Rebecca Trickey, 




Widow Horn, 




Peter Folsom, 




Dorothy Hall, 




Jonas Wheeler, 

New Ipswich, 



Anna Leavitt, 




Sarah Morse, 




John Shaw, 




Dr. John Crocker, 




Elizabeth Richards, 




Phebe Dow, 




Zeno, (a negro) 




William Taylor, 




Joanna Gordon, 




Joseph Batchelder, 




Mary Patten, 




Barnabas Palmer, 




John Brown, 




Hannah Badger, 




Widow Patterson, 



Susan Harvey, 




Samuel Webb, 




Joseph Kidder, 




Mary Calfe, 




Grisel Patterson, 



Col. John M'Duffee, 




Elizabeth Darling, 




Elizabeth Pitman, 




Abigail Craig, 




Mrs. Bunker, 




Mary Fernald, 





Time of 


Hannah Foss, 
Dorcas Rowe, 
Cory don, (a negro) 
Ann Nock, 
Robert Alexander, 
Robert M'Clure, 
Elizabeth Hayes, 
Elizabeth Straw, 
Deborah Hoit, 
Deborah Ball, 
Mary Moore, 
Charles Huntoon, Esq. 
Jemima Goffe, 
Margaret Combs, 
Joseph Sylvester, 
Archibald Stark, 
Samuel Farrington, 
James Steel, 
Paul Pinkham, 
Hannah Daniels, 
Elizabeth Moody, 
Abigail Whitaker, 
Molly Cromwell, 
Widow Heard, 
Eleanor Pike, 
Jacob Davis, 
William Prescott, 
Samuel Downs, 
Widow Cilley, 
Abagail Corson, 
Josiah Folsom, 
Jenny Smith, 
John Herriman, 
Amos Abbott, 
Jonathan Foster, 
Joanna Aplin, 
Jane M'Lellan, 
Mrs. Godfrey, 



Gilmanton, 103 

Meredith, 100 

Exeter, 100 

Dover, 94 

Dun barton, 93 

Ac worth, 97 

Atkinson, 97 

Salisbury, 94 

Stratham, 93 

Portsmouth, 92 
Nottingham-west, 94 

Unity, 93 

Bedford, 90 

Merrimack, 90 

Hopkinton, 90 

Washington, 94 

Antrim, 95 

Dover, 9 1 

Keene, 97 

Pelham, 90 

Marlborough, 96 

Dover, 94 

Concord, 91 

Meredith, 101 

Sutton, 105 

Gilford, 102 

Somersworth, 100 

Poplin, 101 

Rochester, 97 

Exeter, 95 

Hancock, 98 

Plaistow, 97 

Concord, 93 

Mason, 100 

Keene, 100 

Wentworth, 100 

Deerfield, 101 



Time of 

Names. Residence. 



Mary Smith, Salem, 



Reuben Abbott, Concord, 



Thomas Walker, Sutton, 



Maj. Gen. John Stark, Manchester, 



Capt. Wm. Marshall, Hampstead 



Mrs. Submit Sanderson, Chesterfield, 


Of Uncertain Date. 

Mr. Lovewell, 



Mrs. Belknap, 



Mrs. Tucker, 



Mrs. Beals, 



Mrs. Parker, 



Mrs. Welch, 



Mrs. Copp, 

San born ton, 


Dea. Noah Johnson, 



Mrs. Cunningham, 



Mrs. Emerson, 

New Chester, 


Mrs. Smart, 



Thomas Drew, 



Hannah Fuller, 



Mr. Stevens, 

New Chester, 


Jane Woodward, 



Hannah Bradford, 



Isaac Smith, 



Thomas Livingston, 



Now living, upwards of 100 years. 

Lucy Wilson, 
Tryphena Stiles, 
Madam Mary Barnard, 
Sarah Kelley, 
Mrs. Cephas, 
Samuel Welch, 

Keene, 100 

Somers worth, 101 
Amherst, 101 

New Hampton, 103 
Chesterfield, 105 
Bow, 112 



It is believed that the preceding list comprises nearly 
all, who have, in the state of New Hampshire, attained 
to their hundredth year; but those between 90 and 100 
being far more numerous, it would be attended with 
some difficulty, and require considerable time, to collect 
a complete list. Between the years 1735 and 1761, 
there died in Hampton, 23 persons of 90 years and up- 
wards. In Dover, between 1767 and 1786, five per- 
sons died above 90 years of age, and one of 100. In 
Exeter, in four years, preceding 1789, two persons died 
between 90 and 100 years. In Portsmouth, in 1801, 
two persons died, one aged 99, the other 95; in 1802, 
in the same place, one person died at the age of 90 ; 
another at the age of 94. In 1782, two women died in 
Londonderry, each at the age of 93. The oldest person 
who has died in the state was Mr. Lovewell, at the age 
of 120, who was the father of Col. Zaccheus Lovewell, 
mentioned in Belknap's Hist. N. H. Vol. II. The 
oldest now living is Mr. Samuel Welch, of Bow, who 
was born at Kingston in this state, September 1, 1710. 

Concord, J\T. H. 28 October, 1822. 


[By direction of the Governour and Council of this Commonwealth, 
the Secretary of State has deposited with the Massachusetts His- 
torical Society a large collection of documents, publick and private, 
which appear to have been used by the late Thomas Hutchinson, 
Esquire. Governour of his Majesty's Province of Massachusetts 
Bay, in the composition of that History, which will probably con- 
tinue to be the best narrative of any of the settlements on this 
continent. Several of these papers are printed in the collection of 
papers by Hutchinson, sometimes called the third volume of his 
History. Those here printed have been transcribed with great 
care by gentlemen of experience in the chirography of the differ- 
ent seasons of their date. In succeeding volumes other pieces 
may enrich our Collections. Ed.] 



JT IRST I give you thanks for your kindness to me at 
my being with you both first and last, as also for your kind 
letter, whereby I am sometimes restrained from unseason- 
able reproofs, as after I conceive they would have been. 

Now (being the more bold upon the consideration of 
your former love) I desire to be troublesome to you for 
the resolution of these questions : first, whether it be 
convenient that I should pray for my good lady in the 
pub lick assembly ; being then the mouth of the people 
to God, such a petition seems to be heterogeneal, and 
like a string out of tune ; if convenient, whether when 
she is present, and in what words. 

Another question is concerning their toys they use at 
the time, which they say they celebrate in remembrance 
of Christ's birth (though they never less remember him) 
viz. carding, dancing, &c. I know not what my duty 
is, that I may discharged good conscience. 1 have oft 
upon occasion spoken against mixt dancing after feasts, 
little thinking there had been any such suffered and 
practised here. 

A third is this : on Valentine's day they have a cus- 
tom to write names in papers and put them together in 
an hat, and then every one draws a Valentine (so they 
term it.) 1 would know whether it be lawful. 

Our two young ladies came to me being sick on an 
ague to draw one, which since hath not troubled me, 
and therefore the rather I desire your judgment in this 
case, that if it be a sin, I may humble myself for my 
negligence, and may upon occasion speak against it. 

Remember, I pray you, my best love to Mrs. Cotton, 
Mr. Holden, and Mr. Vicars. So I commend you and 
yours to the peace of God, desiring the continuance of 
your prayers for us. 

Yours in all Christian affection, 

Ashby, March 3, 1625. R- LEVETT. 

To my much respected and very kind \ 
friend, Mr. Cotton, preacher of> 
the word at Boston, give these. ) 


A reply, in Cotton's hand, is written on the same pa- 
per, as follows : 

Good Mr. Levett, 

I am glad to hear of your recovery and of the 
constancy of my lady's good affection and respect to you. 
The Lord go on still to establish both unto you, that you 
may have the more opportunity to do God and that family 
faithful service, according to your desire. 

To pray in particular for friends by name, even in pub- 
lick, is not unlawful. Paul desired it for himself, as well 
of the whole church of Ephesus as of the private mem- 
bers, Eph. vi. 19. Neither is it inexpedient so to pray 
for kings, or any other, in authority or in any eminency 
either for place or distress. And though themselves be 
present, yet there will be no suspicion of flattery or other 
inconvenience, if we do not so much praise them to God 
for their stiles and virtues, as pray for his mercy, the 
blessing to them and theirs. If I were to pray in any 
great man's family, I would usually crave some or other 
mercy and blessing from God upon his servant the govern- 
our of this family ; and in the publick congregation, in 
praying for the nobility or gentry, I would also mention 
his servant or servants then assembled, with some title of 
their reference to the congregation. 

Carding I take to be unlawful, and containing in it a 
lottery, at least in the shuffling and cutting and dealing. 
And a lottery also it is to choose Valentines in that sort 
you mention. Where man and his action is only causa 
per accidens of an event (as in carding and in choice of 
Valentines) God is the only and immediate causa per se. 
Now to appeal to him and his immediate providence for 
dispensing these ludicra, seemeth to me a taking of 
God's name in vain. 

Dancing (yea though mixt) I would not simply con- 
demn. For I see two sorts of mixt dancings in use with 
God's people in the Old Testament, the one religious, 
Exod. xv. 20, 21, the other civil, tending to the praise 
of conquerors, as the former of God, 1 Sam. xviii. 6, 7. 


Only lascivious dancing to wanton ditties, and in amo- 
rous gestures and wanton dalliances, especially after great 
feasts, I would bear witness against, as a great flabella 

Your witness bearing against such things, is (I take it) 
in opening some scripture, and from thence instructing in 
the truth and dissuading the contrary. 

Boston, this 12th of 6 

To our beloved Brother, Francis Hutchinson, at 

Beloved Brother in our Lord Jesus, 

Your letters of the 9th of the 5th were read 
to the church the 19th of the same, in which you "de- 
sired to be recommended to the word of God's grace, 
according to Acts xx. 32, and so to be dismissed from 
your covenant with us, because you being forced to at- 
tend upon your parents there, where you live, you could 
not attend upon the duties of the covenant." But though 
we find the church willing to gratify you in any lawful 
motion, because they hear a good report of your constan- 
cy in the truth and faith of the gospel, yet in this motion 
they neither can nor dare assent unto you, as wanting 
warrant from scripture light. The place, which you 
quote, doth not suit with your case. For in Acts xx. 32, 
when Paul commended the elders of Ephesus to the 
word of God's grace, it was not a recommendation or 
dismission from one church to another, (much less from a 
church to no church, which is your case,) but they, be- 
ing elders of a Christian church at Ephesus, Paul com- 
mended them to the study of the scriptures, and to the 
preaching of the word of grace, which was fit, (by the 
blessing of Christ) to build up them and their hearers to 
salvation. Were you gifted of God to preach the word 


to his people, or if there were elders that could preach the 
same to you in a church estate, (as they did at Ephesus) 
we should readily recommend you unto them, and to the 
word of grace, dispensed by them. But we dare not 
recommend you from a church to no church. For the 
covenant of the church is a perpetual and everlasting 
covenant, Jer. 1. 5. And therefore, though we may 
recommend you from one church to another, and so 
from one covenant to another ; yet we cannot recom- 
mend you to no church, nor dismiss you from our cove- 
nant, till the Lord dismiss you. Do not think the Lord 
dismisseth you by your parents' authority, who call you 
to serve them in a place so far distant, that the duties of 
church covenant cannot be performed between us and 
you. For, first, — your parents deal sinfully, and bring 
upon themselves the guilt of your breach of covenant, if 
they detain you there needlessly ; seeing the covenant, 
which you entered into with the church, was undertaken 
with their consent and desire, and therefore now it will 
stand in force before the Lord, both against them and 
you, if you do break your covenant, Numb. xxx. 4. 
Secondly, — distance of place, though it hinder some 
duties of church fellowship, yet not all. We may still 
be helpful one to another, in prayers and counsels and 
others. And when God's hand calleth to such distance, 
he accepteth such duties as we can perform, and exact- 
eth not such duties as we cannot perform. We read of 
some proselytes and members of the church of the Jews 
at Hierusalem, who were scattered in a far greater distance 
than you are from us. For some dwelt in Parthia, some 
in Mesopotamia, some in Pontus and Asia, some in 
Phrygia and Pamphylia, and others in many other re- 
gions, Acts ii. 8 to 11. And yet they still kept covenant 
and communion with the church of Jews ; as did also 
the Eunuch of ^Ethiopia, who came when he could 
(though he could come very seldom) up to Hierusalem for 
to worship, Act viii. 27. And Solomon's mariners, 
that made a three years' voyage for gold (1 Kings, x. 22) 
they were not dismissed from their church covenant by 
their far distance and long absence but still continued 
vol. x. 25 


as before ; and we doubt not the prayers of the church 
were not in vain to make their voyage safe and pros- 

But that which is the sum of your request, so far as 
it is lawful, we would be loath to neglect. We are de- 
sirous to recommend you to the guidance and keeping of 
the grace of Christ in all our solemn assemblies : And if 
God will be pleased to give your father to hearken to our 
counsel, to remove to any orthodox and orderly church, 
we shall, at your request, be willing to recommend you 
to them ; but further to go the Lord doth not allow us. 

One thing we thought good further to acquaint you 
with, that our teacher, being thought by some to say, 
that you forebore sitting at table with your mother, 
though others deny it, and others remember it not, nor 
he himself ; yet to be sure that no mistake might follow 
of it, he publickly professed before the face of the 
church, that if he so spake, it was his forgetfulness, but 
verily thinketh it was either his own misplacing of his 
intentions and words, or a mistake in the hearers, who 
applied what he spake in general to your particular case. 
For, in the general, he said, indeed, that with excommuni- 
cate persons no religious communion is to be held, nor 
any civil familiar connexion, as sitting at table. But yet 
he did put a difference between other brethren in church 
fellowship, and such as were joined in natural or civil 
near relations, as parents and children, husband and wife, 
&c. God did allow them that liberty, which he denies 
others. Upon his speech, the offence that was conceived 
by some, was removed ; and we hope, neither doth any 
offence rest upon you therefrom. To your father and 
self, and others of our brethren, we have written at large, 
to satisfy such doubts, as we understand by our messen- 
gers have troubled them. The Lord watch over you 
all for good, and keep you spotless and blameless, faith- 
ful and fruitful to him, to his heavenly kingdom in Christ 
Jesus. In whom we rest, your loving brethren. 


With the rest of the Elders, in the name of the Church. 


Worthy Sir, 

Being informed that there is a part of the goods 
that be come over (in the late ships) that belong to the Col- 
lege, therefore being unwilling to trouble the whole Court 
with the business, I thought it sufficient to acquaint you 
with my mind, so much rather because you have received 
in my accounts for the last year, and may when you please 
(on two days' warning) for this year, since the beginning 
of 8.ber, 1642, to the same, 1643. Now two things do 
I desire ; the first, that what is coming to the College 
may be paid me in kind, for the last year's rate, which was 
given me, besides all the delays and over-prevailing en- 
treaties of some poor neighbours that thought themselves 
overcharged, and so have got partly some releases, and 
many whole forbearance even to this day. This discon- 
venience hath been distractive, that I was to receive it at 
so many men's hands ; and albeit the constables should 
have saved me this labour, yet our neighbours, knowing 
I should receive it inevitably, appealed from them to 
myself. Yea, also, that gross sum of £40, that was to be 
paid from one man, hath not ; nor indeed could it be 
paid without distraction to myself in accounts, and turn- 
ings over ; and unwillingness in some to receive there, 
with some words of complaint as if their expectation 
were not answered in that w 7 hich they received, wherein 
they in a sort both blamed myself, because they received 
not satisfaction at my hands immediately, and him from 
w r hom they had it, though both of us causelessly. 
Therefore, my first desire is, that the College may have 
its due in kind, if this may be no offence ; else I submit. 
The second thing is this, that you would be pleased to 
inform those whom it may concern, that hitherto, with all 
conscionable and diligent providence that I could, have I 
disburst and expended whatever hath come to hand in 
mere buildings for the house ; and seeing that now that 
w r ork in this house will draw to a period (though haply 
£30 will not fully finish it yet) I desire to know whether 
the country will allow me any personal interest in any of 
the said goods, for and in consideration of the abatements 


that I have suffered, from £60 to £50, from £50 to £45, 
from £45 to £30, which is now my rent from the ferry, 
and you know in what manner in my family charged, and 
by my tenants discharged. I w T as and am willing, con- 
sidering the poverty of the country, to descend to the 
lowest step, if there can be nothing comfortably allowed 
me ; I still sit down appeased, desiring no more but what 
may supply me and mine with food and raiment, (and 
to give every one their own) to the furtherance of the 
success of our labours for the good of Church and Com- 
monwealth, without distraction in the work whereunto 1 
am called, and, by God's great mercy and goodness, 
cheerfully therein abide ; desiring your prayers for a 
continuance, and your praises to God for the sanctifying 
of all the passages of his fatherly providence towards 
Your loving and much bounden 

Cambr. 7 bris ISth, 1643. 

This letter was undoubtedly to Governour Winthrop. 


J. HE thanks of the Massachusetts Historical Society 
are presented for the following donations. 

A. HOLMES, Corresponding Secretary. 

Webster's Discourse at Plymouth, December 22, 1 820, 
in commemoration of the first settlement of New Eng- 
land. Presented by the Trustees of the Pilgrim Society. 

Tuckerman's Discourse before the Society for propa- 
gating the Gospel among the Indians and others in North 
America, 1821. The Society. 

A Vindication of Mr. Adams's Oration ; Trial of 
Daniel Davis Farmer for the murder of Anna Ayer, 
1821. Mr. J. B. Moore. 

Tenth Report of the New Hampshire Bible Society. 

Mr. John Farmer. 


Wells's Address before the Massachusetts Charitable 
Mechanick Association. The President of the Association. 

Perry's Discourse in Bradford 200 years after the set- 
tlement of New England. The Author. 

Pierce's Discourse at the Dudleian Lecture, 1821. 

The Author. 

Charter of the New Hampshire Medical Society. 

Hon. Samuel Morrill. 

Colman's Sermon at the Installation of Rev. James 
Flint in Salem. The Author. 

Jenks's Sermon before the Massachusetts Society for 
the Suppression of Intemperance, 1821. The Author. 

The true Travels, Adventures, and Observations of 
Captain John Smith, in Europe, Asia, Africke and Ame- 
rica. 2 vols. 8vo. Richmond, Virg. John Dorr, Esq. 

Ancient Sermons, 12mo. (title page wanting.) 

James Savage, Esq. 

Rev. Israel Evans's Discourse, delivered at Easton, 
17th October, 1779, to the Officers and Soldiers of the 
Western Army ; Rev. Mr. French's Election Sermon, 
New Hampshire, 1822 ; Historical Sketch of Amherst in 
New Hampshire, by John Farmer ; Memorial from Auc- 
tioneers of the City of New York to the Congress of the 
United States ; Report on a Disease afflicting Cattle at 
Burton, N. H. by James F. Dana, M. D. 

Mr. John Farmer. 

Topographical and Historical Sketch of the Town of 
Andover, N. H. by Jacob B. Moore. The Author. 

Collections, Topographical, Historical and Biographi- 
cal, relating principally to New Hampshire. Nos. I. 
and II. of Vol. I. 

The Editors, J. Farmer and J. B. Moore. 

Minutes of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian 
Church in the United States, from A. D. 1814 to 1821 
(excepting the year 1818;) Narrative of the State of 
Religion within the Bounds of the General Assembly of 


the Presbyterian Church ; Extracts from the Report of 
the Board of Missions to the General Assembly of ditto ; 
Fifth Report of the United Foreign Missionary Society, 
1822 ; Fifth Report of the Philadelphia Sunday and 
Adult School Union Society, 1822. Rev. Timothy Alden. 

Sketches of the Ecclesiastical History of the State of 
Maine, from the earliest settlement to the present time, 
by Jonathan Greenleaf, Pastor of a Church in Wells. 

The Author. 

Two Discourses, containing the History of the Church 
and Society in Cohasset, delivered December 16, 1821 ; 
with a Geographical Sketch of Cohasset ; by Jacob 
Flint. The Author. 

Historical Sketch of the Convention of the Congrega- 
tional Ministers in Massachusetts ; with an Account of 
its Funds ; its connexion with the Congregational Cha- 
ritable Society ; and its Rules and Regulations. 

Corresponding Secretary. 

Report on Free Negroes and Mulattoes. 

Theodore Lyman, jun. Esq. 

Another copy of the same Report. 

JYathan Hale, Esq. 

Historical Notices of the New North Religious Soci- 
ety in Boston, with Anecdotes of Rev. Andrew and 
John Eliot. Mr, Ephraim Eliot. 

Europe, or a General Survey of the present Situation 
of the principal Powers, &c. with Remarks on the Cen- 
suses of the Government of the United States. 

The Author of the Remarks. 

A Sketch of the Life of Robert Morris : written for 
the Philadelphia Edition of the Edinburgh Encyclopae- 
dia. The Author. 

The New York Spectator. 

The Publishers, Francis Hall fy Co. 

The Columbian Centinel. Benjamin Russell, Esq. 

The Weekly Messenger. JYathan Hale, Esq. 


The Boston Gazette. Messrs. Russell fy Gardner. 
The New England Galaxy. Mr. J. T. Buckingham. 


Seven elegant Medals, representing distinguished cha- 
racters and events, preserved in a handsome case: — 
1. Christopher Columbus. — 2. Washington. — 3. Frank- 
lin. — 4. Paul Jones. — 5. Kosciusko. — 6. William Wash- 
ington. — 7. John Eger Howard. — The two last comme- 
morate the battle of the Cowpens. All have appropriate 
emblems and inscriptions. On the reverse of G. Washing- 
ton's is the following : Hostjbtjs primo fugatis. — Bos- 


Hon. George William Erving. 


P. 8. 


James Savage, Esq. of Boston. 

Ephraim Eliot, Esq. of Boston. 

Rev. Charles Lowell, of Boston. 

Hon. Charles Jackson, LL. D. of Boston. 

Levi Hedge, Esq. Professor of Logick and Metaphy sicks in Harvard 

William Tudor, jun. Esq. of Boston 
Hon. Joseph Story, LL. D. of Salem. 
Leverett Saltonstall, Esq. of Salem. 
* Rev. Stephen Palmer, of Needham. 
Ichabod Tucker, Esq. of Salem. 
John Pickering, Esq. of Salem. 
Francis C. Gray, Esq. of Boston. 
Nathaniel G. Snelling, Esq. of Boston. 
Hon. Nahum Mitchell, of Bridgewater. 
Benjamin R. Nichols, Esq. of Salem. 
William W 7 inthrop, Esq. of Cambridge. 
Nathan Hale, Esq. of Boston. 
Rev. Samuel Ripley, of Waltham. 


Rev. Edward Everett, Professor of Greek Literature in Harvard 

James C. Merrill, Esq. of Boston. 
Hon. Daniel Webster, of Boston. 
Rev. William Jenks, of Boston. 
James Bowdoin, Esq. of Boston. 
Rev. Henry Ware, jun. of Boston. 
William J. Spooner, Esq. of Boston. 
Rev. Ezra Goodwin, of Sandwich. 
John Lowell, LL. D. of Boston. 


Elkanah Watson, Esq. 

Rev. Eliphalet Nott, D. D. President of 

Union College. 
* Elias Boudinot, LL. D. 
Hon. John C. Smith. 
John Pintard, Esq. 
David Hosack, M. D. 
John W. Francis, M. D. 
Rev. William Harris, D. D. 
Hon. De Witt Clinton, LL. D. 
Rev. James Richards. 
George Chalmers, Esq. 
Hon. Charles H. Atherton. 
Michael Joy, Esq. 
Rev. Robert Morrison. 
Samuel Bayard, Esq. 
Major Hugh M'Call. 
Baron Humboldt. 
Peter S. Du Ponceau, Esq. 
William T. Williams, Esq. 
Jonathan Goodhue, Esq. 
Robert Southey, Esq. 
Gulian C. Verplanck, Esq. 
Elisha Hutchinson, Esq. 
Robert Walsh, Esq. 
J. Van Ness Yates, Esq. 
M. Carlo Botta. 
Hon. Jeremiah Mason. 
N. A. Haven, jun. Esq. 
Mr. John Farmer. 
Sir Walter Scott. 
Fred. Adelung. 
William Lee, Esq. 
Admiral Sir Isaac Coffin. 
George W. Erving, Esq. 




I. Relating particularly to 
the Society. 

1. The Act of Incorporation of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, Feb. 
] 9th, 1794. i. 1. 

2. Laws of the Society, i. 3. 

3. First Circular Letter, specifying 
articles, on which the Society request 
information, i. 14. 

4. Circular Letter of 1813. ii. 

5. List of the Members, i. 8. x. 

6. Officers of the Society, i. 13. 
x at the end 

7. Membeis deceased. x. at the 

8. Donations to the Society, ii. 
285. iii. 292. iv. 304. vii. 297. viii. 
329. ix. 369. x. 188. 

9. Prospectus of Hubbard's His- 
tory of New England, about to be 
published, ii. 281. 

10. Letters respecting Hubbard's 
History, iii. 286. 

1 1 . Note on an ancient Manu- 
script, ascertained to be a part of 
Governour Winthrop's Journal, iv. 

12. Account of the New England 
Library, collected by Rev. Thomas 
Prince, vii. 179. 

II. History. 

13. The New Life of Virginea, 
1612. viii. 199. 

14. A brief Relation of the Disco- 
very and Plantation of New England, 
1607—1622. ix. 1. 

15. Those parts of Mourt's Rela- 
tion or Journal of a Plantation settled 
at Plymouth in New England, which 
were not printed in the 1st Series, 8th 
volume, 1620— 1621. ix. 26. 

16. Those parts of Edward Wins- 
vol. x. 26 

low's Relation of things remarkable in 
Plymouth, which were not printed in 
the 1st Series, 8th volume, 1622 — 
1623. ix. 74. 

17. Necessaries for going to Virgin- 
ia, 1626. ii. 267. 

18. Hutchinson Papers : The first 
— Letter from R. Levett to John Cot- 
ton, 1625. x. 182. 

19. Mr. Cotton's Answer, x. 183. 

20. Letter from Matthew Crad- 
dock to John Endicott, 1629. viii. 

21. Pincheon Papers, 1629—1724: 
The first, viii. 228. 

22. Annals of New England, by 
Thomas Prince : the three first Num- 
bers of the second volume, 1630 — 
1633. vii. 189. 

23. The first writ of Quo Warranto 
against the Charter of Massachusetts, 
June 17th, 1635. viii. 97. 

24 Apology of John Pratt for the 
ill report, which he had raised against 
New England, 1635. vii. 125. 

25. Boston Votes, 1635. vii. 136. 

26. Accounts of William Pincheon 
with the General Court of Massachu- 
setts, 1632—1636. viii. 228. 

27. Letter from Sir Richard Salton- 
stall to Gov. Winthrop, complaining 
of injury done to him by Mr. Ludlowe 
and others, on Connecticut River, 
1636. viii. 42. 

28. History of the Pequot War, by 
John Mason, 2637. viii. 120. 

29. Letter from Roger Ludlowe 
to William Pincheon, 1637. viii. 

30. Letter from John Cotton to 
Francis Hutchinson, x. 184. 

31. Form of Government agreed 
to by the first Settlers on the island of 
Rhode Island, 1638 vii. 77. 

32. A Barque, the first vessel built 
at Plymouth, 1641. iv. 99. 

33. Letter from Henry Dunster, 
President of Harvard College, 1643. 
x. 187. 



34. New England's Jonas cast up at 
London, 1647. iv. 107. . 

35. Laws of Rhode Island, 1647. 
vii. 78. 

36. Description of Virginia, 1649. 
ix. 105. 

37. Johnson's Wonder- Working 
Providence of Sion's Saviour in New 
England ; or a history of New Eng- 
land from 1628 to 1652. ii. 49. iii. 
123. iv. 1. vii. 1. viii. 1. 

38. Correction of an errour in 
Hutchinson on New England Coins, 
1652. ii. 274. 

'39. Letters on New England^Coins. 
ii. 276. 

40. Letter from Oliver Cromwell 
to Rhode Island Colony, 1655. vii. 

41. Letter from the Commissioners 
of the Colony of Providence Planta- 
tions respecting the interference of 
Englishmen in the war between the 
Narragansets and Mohegans, 1657. 
vii. 81. 

42. Letter from the Commissioners 
of the United Colonies of New Eng- 
land to the General Assembly of the 
Colony of Providence Plantations, 
respecting the Quakers, 1657. vii. 82. 

43. Letter from the General Assem- 
bly of the Colony of Providence Plan- 
tations, in answer to the above, 1658. 
vii. 82. 

44. Letter from the Commissioners 
of the Colony of Providence Planta- 
tions to their Agent, John Clarke, re- 
specting the Quakers, 1658. vii. 85. 

45. Address of the Colony of Pro- 
vidence Plantations to Richard Crom- 
well, 1659. vii. 88. 

46. Commission of the Colony of 
Providence Plantations to John Clarke, 
as their Agent, 1660. vii. 90. 

47. Charles the second's Letter to 
the General Court of Massachusetts, 
June 28th, 1662 viii. 52. 

48. Answer of the General Court, 
viii. 47. 

49. Historical Account of the 
Planting and Growth of Providence, 
1 036— 1663. ix. 166. 

50. Narrative of the Negociation 
between the General Court of Massa- 
chusetts and the King's Commission- 
ers, 1664. viii. 92. 

51. Decision of Charles the second's 
Commissioners relative to Misquama- 
cock, on the eastern side of Pawca- 
tuck River, vii. 91. 

52. Commission from Charles the 
second's Commissioners to Justices in 
the Narraganset country, 1665. vii. 

53. Propositions of Charles the se- 
cond's Commissioners to the General 
Assembly of Rhode Island and Provi- 
dence Plantations, 1665. vii. 94. 

54. Declaration of the Assembly on 
the above, vii. 95. 

55. Address of the Assembly to the 
King, respecting Charter Rights, 1665. 
vii. 98. 

56. Address of the Assembly to the 
Earl of Clarendon, on the same sub- 
ject, vii. 101. 

57. Reasons showing why that part 
of Rhode Island, called the King's 
Province, should remain to the Colo- 
ny, vii. 104. 

58. Claims of Rhode Island respect- 
ing the Eastern line of the Colony, 
vii. 107. 

59. Letter from Sir Robert Boyle 
to Gov. Endicott, relative to Charles 
the second's Commissioners, 1665. 
viii. 49. 

60. Letter from Charles the second's 
Commissioners to the General Court of 
Massachusetts, stating the reasons for 
which they were sent over by the King, 
1665. viii. 55, 

61. Answer of the General Court to 
the above, 1665. viii. 59. 

62. Reply of the Commissioners to 
the Answer of the General Court, 1665. 
viii. 61. 

63. Letter from the General Court 
to the Commissioners, May 9th, 1665. 
viii. 63. 

64. Answer of the General Court to 
the 5th Instruction of the Commis- 
sioners, 1665. viii. 63. 

65. Answer of the Commissioners 
to the Letter of May 9th, 1665. viii. 

66. Oath of Allegiance proposed by 
the Commissioners, 1665. viii. 64. 

67. Answer of the General Court 
to the 6th Instruction of the Commis- 
sioners, relative to the College, 
Schools, and Christian Indians, 1665. 
viii. 65. 



68. General Court's construction 
of the Charter of Massachusetts, in 
answer to the 7th and bth Instruc- 
tions, I Coo. viii. 67. 

69. Answer of the General Court 
to the Commissioners respecting the 
Regicides, 1665. viii. 67. 

70. Petition of Gorton and others 
to the Commissioners, March, 1665. 
viii. 6d. 

71. Answer of the General Court 
to the Commissioners, respecting 
Trade, 1665. viii. 71. 

72. Answer of the General Court 
to the Commissioners, respecting the 
administration of Government, Mili- 
tia, Fort, and number of Vessels, 
1665. viii 71. 

73. Answer of the General Court 
to the Commissioners, respecting the 
Oath of Allegiance and Ecclesiastical 
Privileges, 1665. viii. 72. 

74. Oath of Allegiance in Massa- 
chusetts, 1665. viii. 74. 

75. Replies of the Commissioners 
to the General Court, 1665. viii 74. 

76. Speech of Col. Nicholls, 
King's Commissioner, to the General 
Court, 1665 viii. 77. 

77. Answer of the General Court 
to the above Replies, 1665. viii. 80. 

78. Correspondence continued, 
1665. viii. 81. 

79. Summons to Joshua Scottow 
to appear before the Commissioners, 
1665. viii. 82. 

80. Reply of the Commissioners 
to the above Answer of the General 
Court, 1665 viii. 82. 

81. Proposal of the Commissioners 
to the General Court to amend the 
Province Laws, 1665. viii. 84. 

82. Letter of the General Court 
to the Commissioners, respecting the 
Limits of the Province, 1665. viii. 

83. Proceedings of the General 
Court respecting the Complaint of 
Thomas Deane, 1665. viii. 88. 

84. Letter from the Commissioners 
to the General Court, relative to the 
same, 1665. viii. 89. 

85. Grant of £500 to the King's 
Navy by. the General Court, 1665. 
viii. 90. 

86. Thomas Danforth's Declara- 
tion, when he took the Oath of Alle- 

giance, and Account of a Conference 
of a Committee of the General Court 
with the Commissioners, 1665. viii. 

87. Non-Conformist's Oath, in 
rhyme, 1666. iv. 104. 

b8 Proceedings of the General 
Court of Massachusetts on the Re- 
quisition of the King to send Agents 
to answer for refusing the jurisdiction 
of the Commissioners last year, 1666. 
viii. 98, 110. 

89. Petitions from sundry persons 
in Boston, Salem, Ipswich, and New- 
bury, relating to the same, 1666. 
viii. 103. 

90. Letter from Charles the second 
to the General Court of Massachu- 
setts, recommending the Invasion of 
Canada, 1666. viii. 101. 

91 . The General Court's Answer 
to the King's Recommendation, 1666. 
viii. 108. 

92. Papers collected by Thomas 
Danforth, Deputy Governour of Mas- 
sachusetts, the heads of which have 
been given above, 1662 — 1667. viii. 

93. Letter from the General As- 
sembly of Rhode Island to the Go- 
vernment of Plymouth, relative to the 
apprehended War with the Natives 
and the Encroachments of Connecti- 
cut, 1671. vii. 109. 

94. William A. Burwell's Letter 
respecting the History of Bacon and 
Ingram's Rebellion, i. 27. 

95. History of Bacon and Ingram's 
Rebellion in Virginia, 1676. i.27. 

96. Letter from the General As- 
sembly of Rhode Island to the Gene- 
ral Assembly of Connecticut, relative 
to Encroachments on the Narraganset 
country. 1676. vii. 110. 

97. Rise and Progress of the Bass 
and Mackerel Fishery at Cape Cod, 
1677. iii. 220. 

98. Deposition of William Cod- 
dington, respecting the purchase of 
Rhode Island, 1677. vii. 76. 

99. General History of New Eng- 
land, by William Hubbard, 1606— 
1680. v. and vi. volumes. 

100. Letter from William Penn on 
the Name of his Colony, 1681. vii. 

101. Deposition of Roger Williams, 



respecting Canonicus, Miantonimoh, 
and the Grant of Providence, 1682. 
vii. 75. 

102. Letter from William Penn to 
Gov. Hinckley, 1683. vii. 185. 

103. Letter from Sir Edmund An- 
dros to Joseph Dudley, 1686. ii. 

104. Proceedings in Massachusetts 
under the administration of Sir Ed- 
mund Andros, 1686. viii. 179. 

105. Letter from Edward Ran- 
dolph to Major Pincheon, 1686. viii. 

106. Letter from the Commission- 
ers of Massachusetts to Col. Pincheon, 
1690. viii. 238. 

107. Letter from Thomas Wells 
to Col. Pincheon, 1690. viii. 239. 

108. Account of the Expedition 
against Canada, 1690. iii. 255. 

109. Recantation of Confessors of 
Witchcraft, 1692. iii. 221. 

110. Act of the General Court of 
Massachusetts, for the setting forth of 
general Privileges, 1694 viii. 326. 

111. Note on Paper Money, 1703. 
iv. 99. 

112. Proceedings against William 
Rous and others, and Petition for the 
grant of a Writ of Habeas Corpus, 
1706. viii. 240. 

113. Election of John Leverett as 
President of Harvard College, 1707. 
iv. 64. 

114. Letter from Sebastien Rasles 
to Captain Moody, 1712. viii. 258. 

115. Letter from Samuel Sewall 
to Col. Pincheon, 1713. viii. 242. 

116. Detection of pretended 
Witchcraft at Littleton, 1720. x. 6. 

117. Letter from Otis Westbrook 
to Gov. Dummer, 1723. viii 264. 

118. Intercepted Letter from Se- 
bastien Rasles, 1724. viii. 266. 

119 Samuel Quincy's Letter res- 
pecting Georgia, 1735. ii., 188. 

120. Number of Negro Slaves in 
Massachusetts, 1754 iii. 95. 

121. Account of Braddock's De- 
feat, 1755. viii. 153. 

122. Letter from Dr. Franklin on 
Inoculation for Small Pox, 1759. 
vii. 71. 

123. Letter on the Introduction of 
English Exercises at Commencement 
1763. i. 249. 

124. Estimate of the Charges of 
Massachusetts, 1764. viii. 198. 

125. History of Free Schools in 
Plymouth Colony, 1663—1771. iv. 

126. Letter from the Connecticut 
Delegates to the first Continental 
Congress, to Gov. Trumbull, 1774. 
ii. 221. 

127. Donations received for Bos- 
ton during the operation of the Port 
Bill, 1775. ix. 158. 

128. General Gage's Instructions 
to Capt. Brown and Ensign D'Berni- 
cre ; Narrative of what occurred to 
them, and of the Battle of Lexington, 
1775. iv. 204. 

129. British Account of the Battle 
of Lexington, in a letter from Gen. 
Gage to Gov. Trumbull, 1775. ii. 

130. List of the Killed, Wounded 
and Missing in the Battle of Lexing- 
ton, 1775. viii. 44. 

131. Major Meigs's Journal of the 
Expedition against Quebec, 1775. 
ii. 227. 

132. Anecdote of Soldiers of Ar- 
nold, 1780. iv. 51. 

133. Notice of the first Settlements 
in Tennessee, 1768—1780. vii. 58. 

134. Letter from Richard Henry 
Lee to Samuel Adams, 1781. i. 186. 

135. Expenses of Canada to Great 
Britain, from June, 1776, to Oct. 
1782 iii. 122. 

136. Brief History of the Ancient 
and Honourable Artillery Company, 
1638—1786. ii. 185. 

137. Number of Inhabitants in 
Rhode Island, 1730, 1748, 1755, 
1774, 1783, and 1791. vii. 113. 

138. Rhode Island State Papers, 
selected and authenticated by Samuel 
Eddy, Esq. Secretary of the State, 
with Notes, 1638—1791. vii. 75— 

139. Account of Fires in Massa- 
chusetts, 1701— 1800. i. 81. 

140. Tons of Shipping in Massa- 
chusetts, 1806 iii. 122. 

141. Letter from Bishop Watson, 
1807. i. 250 

142. Historical Sketch of the Pro- 
gress of Medical Science in Massa- 
chusetts to 1813. i. 105. 

143. Discourse before the Massa- 



chusetts Historical Society, Dec. 22d, 
lel3, by John Davis, i. (1) 

144 Russian Voyage of Discove- 
ry, 1815. iv. 98. 

145. Progress of Vaccination in 
the Unitecfstates, 1002—1816. iv. 

146. Letter from Timothy Picke- 
ring on the Origin and Progress of 
Attempts for the Abolition of Slavery 
in Pennsylvania, viii. 183. 

147. Letter from Timothy Matlack 
on the same subject, 1817. viii. 184. 

148. Celebration at Plymouth of 
the Landing of the Forefathers, 1817. 
vii. 133 

149. List of such Persons in New 
Hampshire, as have attained the one 
hundredth year of their age, or have 
exceeded that period, together with 
a number, who have died between 
ninety and a hundred years, 1686 — 
1822. x. 176. 

III. Ecclesiastical History. 

150. Opinion of the Council of 
Massachusetts about Maiden Church, 
1652. viii. 325. 

151. Ecclesiastical History of Mas- 
sachusetts, 1662. i. 194. 

152. Letter from the General Court 
of Massachusetts to Dr. John Owen, 
inviting him to Boston, 1663. ii. 

153. Doings of an Ecclesiastical 
Council in Boston for the conviction 
of Anabaptists, 1668. viii. 111. 

154. Declaration for Episcopacy in 
Connecticut, 1772. ii. 128. 

155. Joseph Moss's Letter on this 
Declaration, ii. 129. 

156. Joseph Webb's Letter on the 
same subject, ii. 131. 

157. Sentiments of several Boston 
Ministers on the same. ii. 133. 

158. A Relation of the same Oc- 
currence, ii. 137. 

159. Davenport and Buckingham's 
Letter on the same subject, iv. 297. 

160. Singing by Notes first intro- 
duced in the Churches in Boston, 1724. 
iv. 301. 

161. Dr. Andrew Eliot's Remarks 
on Bishop Seeker's Sermon, preached 
in 1741. ii. 190. 

162. Account of the Dissenting In- 
terest in the Middle Provinces, 1759. 
i. 156. 

163. Number of English Mission- 
aries in America, 1762. i. 158. 

164. Catalogue of Ministers in New 
Hampshire, 1767. iv. 78. 

165. View of the State of Religious 
Liberty in the Colony of New York, 
1773. i. 140. 

166. Letter from the General Asso- 
ciation of Congregational Ministers in 
Connecticut to the Clergymen in Bos- 
ton, 1774. ii. 255. 

167. Answer to the above, ii. 257. 

168. Churches and Ministers in 
New Hampshire, 1685 — 1819. viii. 
175. ix. 367. x. 54. 

IV. Biography and Charac- 

169. Letter from William White to 
Gov. Winthrop, 1648. iv. 198. 

170. Biographical Memoir of Rev. 
John Lothropp, 1653. i. 163. 

171. Notice of Captain Edward 
Johnson, 1672. ii. 95. 

172. Memoirs of William Black- 
stone, an early planter of Boston, 
1675. x. 170. 

173. Order of Procession at the 
Funeral of Gov. Leverett, 1679. viii. 

174. Letter from Roger Williams to 
Gov. Bradstreet, 1682. viii. 196. 

175. JohnDunton's Journal in Mas- 
sachusetts, 1686. ii. 97. 

176. Letter from Anthony Wood 
to Dr. Increase Mather, 1690. vii. 

177. Memoir of Joshua Scottow, 
1697. iv. 100. 

178. Biographical Memoir of Rev. 
Charles Morton, 1698. i. 158. 

179. Penhallow's Account of Rev. 
Charles Morton. 1.161. 

180. Notes on Ezekiel Cheever, 
1708. vii. 129. 

181. Biographical Memoir of Fa- 
ther Rasles, 1724. viii. 250. 

182. Letter from Dr. Watts, 1734. 
x. 39. 

183. Letter from Dr. Colman to 
Gov. Belcher, 1743. ii. 186. 



184. President Stiles's Note on Hub- 
bard's History, and Bulkeley's Gospel 
Covenant, 1778. ii 260. 

185. Letter from Joel Barlow, rel- 
ative to Professor Ebeling, 1794. viii. 

186. Letter from Professor Ebeling 
to President Stiles, 1794. viii. 270. 

187. Biographical Notices of Isaac 
Lothrop, Esq. 1808. i. 258. 

188 Biographical Memoir of Hon. 
James Sullivan, 1808. i. 252. 

189. Notices of the Life of Major 
General Benjamin Lincoln, 1810. iii. 

190. Memoir of Rev. William Em- 
erson, 1811. i. 254. 

191 Notice respecting John Rodg- 
ers, D. D. of New York, who died, 
1811. ii. 270. 

192. Memoir of Rev. Joseph S. 
Buckminster, 1812. ii. 271. 

193. Memoir towards a Character of 
John Eliot, D. D. 1813. i. 211. 

194. Biographical Notice of Rev. 
Peter Whitney, 1816. vii. 177. 

195. Sketch of the Life and Cha- 
racter of Professor Mac-kean, 1818. 
viii. 157. 

196. Sketch of the Life and Cha- 
racter of Caleb Gannett, Esq. 1818. 
viii. 277. 

197. Memoir of Hon. William Tu- 
dor, 1819. viii. 285. 

198. Memoir of Hon. Joshua Tho- 
mas, 1821. x. 1. 

199. Biographical Notice of Hon. 
James Winthrop, 1821 . x. 77. 

200. Biographical Notice of Profess- 
or Peck, 1822. x. 161. 

V. Relating to the Indians. 

201. Letter from the Eastern In- 
dians to the Governour of Massachu- 
setts, 1721. viii. 259. 

202. Indian Names of the White 
Mountains and Piscataqua River, ii. 

203. Observations on the Massachu- 
setts Language, ix. 223. (30.) 

204. Eliot's Indian Grammar, ix. 

205. Notes and Observations on 
Eliot's Indian Grammar, ix. 313. 

206. On the question, What is the 

meaning of the aboriginal phrase 
Shawmut ? x. 173. 

207. Edward Winslow's Account of 
the Religion, Manners, and Customs of 
the Indians, 1623 ix. 90. 

208. Description of Mashpee, an 
Indian Plantation, iii. 1. 

209. State of the Indians in Mash- 
pee and parts adjacent, 1767. iii. 12. 

210. Historical Sketch of the Socie- 
ty for propagating the Gospel among 
the Indians and others in North Amer- 
ica, ii. 45. 

211. Dr. Edwards' Observations on 
the Mohegan Language, x. 84. 

212. Notes to Dr. Edwards' Obser- 
vations, x. 81. 98. 

213. Account of the Five Indian 
Nations, 1721. viii. 243. 

214. Schermerhorn's Report re- 
specting the Indians inhabiting the 
Western parts of the United States, 
ii. 1,_ 

215. Hazard's Remarks on Scher- 
merhorn's Report, iv. 65. 

VI. Topography, Statisticks, 
and Local History. 


216. Description of Natardin or Ca- 
tardin Mountain, viii. 112. 

217. Topographical and Historical 
Sketch of Freeport. iv. 176. 

218. Topographical and Historical 
Sketch of Saco. iv. 184. 

New Hampshire. 

219. Note on Lancaster, iii. 97. 

220. Geographical Sketch of Bath, 
iii. 105. 

221. Note on Plymouth, iii. 109. 

222. Note on NewHolderness. iii. 

223. Note on Wolfeboroucrh. iii. 

224. Note on Middletown. iii. 120. 

225. Note on the County of Hills- 
borough, vii. 65. 

226. Note on New London, viii. 

227. Account of Boscawen. x. 71. 



228. Bill of Mortality for Amherst, 
1805—1814, with Remarks, iv. 73. 

229. Sketch of Amherst, ii. 247. 
iv. 74. 

230. Sketch of Walpole. vii. 124. 

231. Historical Sketch of North 
Hampton, iv. 189. 


232. Statistical Account of Middle- 
bury, ix. 123. 


233. Historical Sketch of Haverhill, 
iv. 121. 

234. Historical Sketch of Tyngs- 
borough, iv. 192. 

235. Births, Marriages, and Deaths 
in Billerica. 1654—1704. ii. 162. iv. 

236. Topographical Description & 
Historical Account of Sudbury, iv. 52. 

237. Topographical Description & 
Historical Account of East Sudbury. 
iv. 60. 

238. Topographical and Historical 
Description of Waltham. iii. 261. 

239. Historical Sketch of Charles- 
town, ii. 163. 

240. Deposition of John Odlin and 
other inhabitants of Boston, respecting 
Blackstone's sale, 1684. iv. 202. 

241. Notes on the Springs of Bos- 
ton, x. 175. 

242. Representatives of Boston in 
the General Court, before the Ameri- 
can Revolution, 1634 — 1774 x. 23. 

243. Number of Houses in Boston, 
1789. ix. 204 

244. Bill of Mortality for Boston, 

1816. vii. 134. 

245. Bill of Mortality for Boston, 

1817. viii.40. 

246. Bill of Mortality for Kings- 
chapel, Boston, 1747—1814. iii. 290. 

247. Historical Sketch of Brookline. 
ii. 140. 

248. Note on the Historical Sketch 
of Brookline iii. 284. 

249. Topographical Description of 
Needham. i. 178. 

250. Topographical and Historical 
Sketch of Lunenburg, i. 181. 

251. Notices of Shrewsbury, i. 

252. Account of Plainfield. viii. 

253. Account of Cumington. x. 

254. History and Description of 
Scituate. iv. 219, 303. 

255. History and Description of 
Abington. vii. 114. 

256. Description of Bridgewater. 
vii. 137. 

257. Notes on Duxbury. x 57. 

258. Notes on Halifax, iv. 279. 

259. Description of Kingston, iii. 

260. Notes on Plymouth, iii. 162. 
iv. 302. 

261 . History and Description of 
Plympton. iv. 267, 283. 

262. Description of Carver, iv. 

263. Topography and History of 
Wareham. iv. 285. 

264. Bills of Mortality for the first 
precinct in Middleborough, 1804 — 
1812. ii. 261. 

265. Topography and History of 
Rochester, by Samuel Davis, iv. 250, 

266. Topographical Description of 
Rochester, by Abraham Holmes, x. 

267. Note on Attleborough. i. 184. 

268. Notes on New Bedford, iii. 18. 

269. Papers relating to Cape Cod 
Canal, viii. 192. 

270. Description of Dukes County, 
iii. 38. viii. 328. 

271. Notes on Nantucket, iii. 19. 


272. Heads of Inquiry relative to 
Connecticut, 1774. ii. 216. 

273. Statisticks of New Haven, 
1774. ii. 217. 

274. Statisticks of New London, 
1774. ii. 219. 


275. Account of the Loganian Li- 
brary in Philadelphia, ii. 269. 



British Province. 

276. Note on Jamaica, iii. 285. 

South Atlantic Ocean. 

277. Letter concerning the Islands 
of Tristan D'Acunha. ii. 325. 

VII. Natural History, &c. 

278. Notices of the effects of the 
Great Storm of 23d September, 1815. 
x. 45. 

279. Account of Earthquakes in 
New England, 1805, 1806. iv. 70. 

280. Letter respecting Mounds, i. 

281. Account of a Fossil Tooth, 
from Albany, 1706. ii. 263. 

282. Remarks on the cultivation of 
the Oak. i. 187. 

283. On collecting Mineral and Fos- 
sil substances, i. 25. 

284. Method of Preserving Marine 
Productions, i. 25. 

285. Method of collecting and pre- 
serving Vegetables, i. 23. 

286. Method of taking impressions 
of Vegetable Leaves by means of 
Smoke, i. 24. 

287. Directions for preserving Ani- 
mals, i. 18. 

288. Methods of preserving Animals 
and their Skins, i. 20. 

289. Method of preserving Birds 
and other Animals, i. 21. 

290. Method of preserving the 
Skins of Birds, i. 19. 

VIII. Fine Arts. 

291. Criticism on the Landing of 
the Fathers, a picture by Henry Sar- 
gent, iii. 225. 

292. Another on the same subject, 
iii. 230. 


Note The figures refer to the numbers in the preceding Table of Contents. 


Addington, isaac. 110. 
Alden, timothy. 202. 279. 
Allen, james. 113. 
Andros, edmund. 103. 
Arlington, lord. 90. 


Barlow, joel. 185. 

Bartlett, josiah, 142.239. 

Belknap, Jeremy. 3. 

Bellows, a. 230. 

Bowdoin, james. 269. 

Boyle, robert. 59. 

Bradford, alden. 198. 199. 257. 280, 

Bradstreet, simon. 42. 

Bramton, thomas. 23. 

Burwell. william. 94. 

Carr, robert. 51. 52. 53. 

Chickering, Joseph. 171. 
Child, John. 34. 
Coddington, william. 98. 
Coggeshall, John. 96. 
Cogswell, Jonathan. 218. 
Colman, benjamin. 183. 
Cotton, john. 19.30. 
Craddock, matthew. 20. 
Cromwell, oliver. 40. 
Cutler, manasseh, 290. 
Cutler, timothy. 154. 


Danforth, thomas. 50. 82. 86. 88. 92. 

Davenport, John. 159. 
Davis, john. 143.187. 
Davis, samuel. 32. 97. 125. 148. 

160. 172. 206. 241. 254. 255. 258. 

260. 261. 262. 263. 265. 
D'Bernicre, ensign. 128. 
Deane, silas. 126. 



Dudley, Joseph. 281. 
Dudley, paul. 213. 
Dunster, henry. 33. 
Dunton, John. 175. 
Du Ponceau, peter-s. 205. 


Ebeling, professor. 186. 
Eddy, samuel. 138. 
Edwards, Jonathan. 211. 
Eliot, andrew. 39. 161. 167. 
Eliot, John, of boston. 4. 151. 
Eliot, John, of roxbury. 204. 
Endicott, John. 48. 152. 
Eustaphieve, alexis. 291. 
Eustis, william. 132. 


Fancher, dr. 145. 

Farmer, John. 149. 164. 168. 225. 

226. 227. 228. 229. 235. 
Franklin, benjamin. 122. 
Freeman, james. 120. 208. 243. 246 

268. 270. 271. 
French, Jonathan. 231. 


Gage, thomas. 129. 
Goodwin, ezra. 278. 
Gorton, samuel. 70. 
Greenough, nathaniel. 244. 


Hall, frederick. 232. 

Harris, dr. of Jamaica. 276. 

Harris, thaddeus-mason. 181. 194. 

Hazard, ebenezer. 191. 215. 275. 

Hedge, levi. 195. 

Hollis, thomas. 39. 

Holmes, abiel. 8. 11. 12. 178. 196. 

Holmes, abraham. 266. 
Hopkins, Stephen. 49. 
Hubbard, thomas. 124. 
Hubbard, william. 99. 


Johnson, edward. 37. 

Kirkland, john-t. 189. 

Lathrop, john. 170. 
Lawrence, nathaniel, 234. 
Lee, richard-henry. 134. 
Lettsom, john-c. 283. 284. 285. 287. 
288. 289. • 
vol. x. 27 

Levett, r. 18. 

Lincoln, benjamin. 282. 

Lowell, charles. 219, 221. 222. 323. 

Ludlowe, roger. 29. 
Lyon, william. 180. 


Mac-kean, Joseph. 9. 10. 136. 193. 

Mason, john. 28. 
Mather, cotton. 157. 
Matlack, timothy. 147. 
Meigs, return-jonathan. 131. 
Miller, Jeremiah. 274. 
Mitchell, nahum. 256. 
Moss, Joseph. 155. 
Mourt, g. 15. 

Nason, reuben. 217. 
New England, president and council 

of. 14. 
Nicholas, -edward. 47. 
Nicholls, richard. 60. 62. 65. 75. 76. 

78. 79. 80. 81. 84. 
Noyes, nathaniel. , 127. 


Odlin, john. 240. 
Oliver, andrew. 209. 
Orme, robert. 121. 

Palmer, Stephen. 249. 
Peck, william-d. 286. 
Pemberton, thomas. 139. 
Penhallow, samuel. 1 79. 
Penn, william. 100. 102. 
Pickering, john. 203. 212. 
Pickering, timothy. 146. 
Pierce, john. 247. 
Pincheon, william. 21.26. 
Porter, Jacob. 252. 253. 
Pratt, john. 24. 
Prince, thomas. 22. 


Quincy, samuel. 119. 


Randolph, edward. 104. 105. 
Rasles, sebastien. 114.118.201. 
Rawson, edward. 61. 63. 64. 67. 68. 

69. 71. 72. 73. 74. 77. 83. 85. 104. 

Ripley, samuel. 238. 
Robinson, james. 245. 
Rodgers, john. 165. 




Saltonstall, leverett. '223. 
Saltonstall, richard. 27. 
Sanford, John. 41. 43. 44. 93. 
Savage, James 38. 177. 192. 242. 

Savage, thomas. 108. 
Schermerhorn. John. 214. 
Seaver, benjamin. 277. 
Sewall, samuel. 112. 115. 
Smith, isaac. 123. 
Smith, john. 17. 
Spencer, elihu. 162. 
Stiles, ezra. 184. 
Stoughton, william. 106. 
Sullivan, james. 1. 
Sumner, Joseph. 251. 
Sutherland, david. 220. 

Thacher, samuel-cooper. 190. 
Thompson, isaac. 264. 
Throop, benjamin. * 166. 
Tudor, william, jun. 197. 
Turell, ebenezer. 116. 
Turner, charles. 216. 
Tyng, dudley-atkins. 200. 


31. 35. 36. 45. 46. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 
66. 87. 89. 91. 95. 109. 111. 130. 
133. 144. 158. 173. 250. 292. 


Watts, isaac. 182. 
Watson, bishop. 141. 
Webb, Joseph. 156. 
Weld, habijah. 267. 
Wells, thomas. 107. 
Westbrook, otis. 117. 
White, william. 169. 
Whitney, peter. 236. 237. 
Williams, roger. 101. 174. 
Willis, zephaniah. 259. 
Winslow, edward. 16. 207. 
Winthrop, james. 188. 
Wood, anthony. 176. 
Wooster, david. 273. 

Authors of Letters, Ex- 
tracts, &-C. FORMING PARTS 

Adams, eliphalet. iv. 175. 

Adams, John. viii. 291. 309. 311. 

313. 314. 
Allen, james. ii. 148. 
Allerton, isaac. ix. 54. 
Ames, fisher, viii. 316. 317. 318. 

320. 322. 323. 
Annesly, s. ii. 98. 
Ascham. viii. 220. 


Barnard, edward. iv. 141. 144. 145. 

Barton, r. vi. 511. 

Benedict, viii. 111. 

Bennett, henry, vi 665. 

Bradford, william. vii. (Prince's An. 

Buckminster, joseph-s. i. 255. 

Clap, capt. vii. (Prince's An. 91.) 

Clavigero. ix. 227. 

Cotton, john. v. 209. vii. (Prince's 

An. 80. 
Crowe, iii. 195. 
Cushman, robert. ix. 64. 


Davy, humphrey. ix. 141. 
Douglas, william. iv. 230. 
Du Ponceau, peter-s. ix. 226. 232. 
Dyer. iii. 191. iv. 257. 


Edwards, Jonathan, ix. 226. 230. 239. 
Eliot, ephraim. iii. 289. 
Eliot, george. iii. 286. 287. 
Eliot, john, of boston, i. 218. iii. 92. 

iv. 144. 
Eudicott, john. vi. 557. 


Folger, waiter, iii. 27. 
Fox, charles. i. (28.) 
Frothingham, nathaniel-1. i. (31.) 


Gannett, caleb. viii. 282. 
Gardiner, richard. ix. 27. 
Gerry, elbridge. i. 137. 




Hawley, gideon. iii. 16. 
Heckewelder, John. ix. 225. 232. 

Hill. i. 201. 
Hutchinson, thomas. i. (22. 23. 30.) 

James, edwin. ix. 146. 
Jones, w. vi. 617. 


Kirkland, john-t. viii. 279. x. 168. 
Knox, henry, viii. 308. 


Leverett, John. vi. 596. 
Lincoln, benjamin, iii. 240. 243. 
Lothropp, john. i. 171. 173. 
Lowell, jobn. x. 161 


Machin, thomas. viii. 195. 

Martyr, peter, i. (24.) 

Mather, cotton, i. 203. 206. vii. 

Maxwell, john. viii. 241. 
Mayhew, matthew. iii. 67. 
Molina, ix. 229. 232. 
Mills, ii. 22. 
Morrice, william. vi. 561. 
Morton, nathaniel. i. 169. 
Morton, thomas. vi. 428. 

N. - 
Neal, daniel. i. 165. 167. 
Nishokken. vi. 653. 
Nowell, increase, vi. 502. 


Oldmixon. i. (30.) 
Oliver, peter, iii. 288. 


Parr, dr. i. 244. 

Peirce, william. vii. (Prince's An. 87.) 
Peters, hugh. ix. 197. 
Prince, thomas. i. (21.) 169. viii. 


P».awson, edward. v. 269. 

594. viii. 52. 55. 
Robinson, john. ix. 30. 


Rogers, ezekiel. vi. 541. 
Rogers, nathaniel. vi 552. 
Rous, william. viii. 240. 

Salstonstal!,richard. iv. 171. 
Sandys, edwin. v. 46. 
Shearman, abraham. iii. 18. 
Smith, john. i. (20.) 
Slandish, miles, vii. 139. 
Stearns, charles. iii. 283. 
S , j . vi. 606. 

Thaxter, Joseph. 
Thomas, joshua. 
Tudor, william. 


iii. 71. 
i. 259. 
viii. 287. 289. 296. 


Wallcut, thomas. i. 17. 
Walley, john. ii. 148. 
Warren, john-c. i. 247. 
Washington, george. viii. 193. 307. 
Wheelwright, john. vi. 366. 367. 
Whitbourne, richard. viii. 225. 
Whitfield, henry, vi. 655. 
Willard, Joseph, iii. 98. 101. 
Williams, roger. ix. 191. 
Willis, comfort, vii. 157. 
Winthrop, john. i. 169. v. 126. 150. 

vi. 454. vii. (Prince's An 27.) 
Wood, anthony. i. 164. 

Editor's Notes. 

Bradford, alden. iii. 164. 

Davis, John. i. 27. 80. 187. ii. 261. 

266. ix. 26—73. x. 39. 
Freeman, James, iii. 12. 16. 221. 271. 
Holmes, abiel. i. 185. ii. 1. 45.49. 

327. 270. v. and vi. with j. mac- 

kean. vii. 130. viii. 265. 267— 

Mac-kean, Joseph, i. 8—13. 194. 249. 

ii. 128. 133. 137. 186. 190. 277. 

iv. 65. 297. v. Prefatory notice. 

vii. 189. 
Savage, james, ii. 51 — 96. iii. 123 — 

161. 225. 255. iv. 1—51. 64. 104. 

111. vii. 1—58. 75. 82. 125. 136. 

189. viii. 1—39. 46— 112. 116. 192. 

199. 227. 326. 327. ix. 74—104. 

166. 197. 203. x. 6. 181. 188. 




Note. The year begins in January. 

1492. Christopher Columbus, genoese, 
discovers hispaniola, cuba and 
other islands, v. 8. 

1497, and other subsequent years. 
John and Sebastian Cabbot, under 
a commission from henry vii. of 
england, coast north america be- 
tween 40° & 67° n. lat. v. 8. 

1534. J. Quartier, (Cartier,) a Floren- 
tine, sailing under a commission 
from francis i. of france, discov- 
ers new france and new-found- 
land, v. 9. 

1590. The colony of Virginia, estab- 
lished only a few years before, is 
abandoned, v. 9. 

1602. Bartholomew Gosnold builds 
a store-house on cuttyhunck, one 
of the elizabeth islands. He 
names this island elizabeth ; and 
to nomans-land he gives the name 
martha's vineyard ; and to cape 
cod the name it now bears, iii. 
80. v. 10. 

1603. Captains Gosnold, Salterne and 
Martin Pring on the coast of new 
england : Perhaps the last gives 
the name martin's vineyard, as 
sometimes styled, iii. 80. v. 11. 

1605. Capt. Weymouth on the coast 
of new england. v. 11. 

1606. Charters granted by james i. 
for two colonies, viginia and new 
england ; including from 34° to 
44° n. latitude, v. 84. 

1606, 1607. Captains Popham and 
Raw ley Gilbert establish a colony 
at the mouth of sagadehock (ken- 
nebeck) river : 100 men are land- 
ed, v. 13. 36. 

1608. New York discovered by hud-, 
son. i. 140. [Dr. Holmes places 
this voyage of hudson under the 
year 1609; as does prince, vi.666 
places it under the year 1610.] 

Capt. John Smith president of 
Virginia, vii. 39. 

1609. June. Sir T. Gates, Sir G. 
Sommers and Capt. Newport set 
sail from england with a colony 
for Virginia, viii. 204. 

1610. Hudson's river discovered by 
capt. hudson. [But prince and 
dr. holmes place this discovery 
under 1609 ; and i. 140 places 
the discovery in 1608, and says 
that its settlement began in 1610, 
under the states general of the 
netherlands, who granted it to 
their west india company and 
named it new netherlands.] vi. 

June. Lord De La Warre, as 
governour, with sir f. wainman 
and others, arrives in Virginia, 
viii. 206. 

1611. May. Sir T. Dale, with a 
fleet, arrives in Virginia, viii. 207. 

1614. Capt. John Smith visits and 
gives its name to new england. 
i. 4. 20. v. 13. 214. 

Epenow, one of the indians 
who had been forcibly carried to 
england, returns to martha's vine- 
yard, iii. 80. 

1615. Capt. John Smith admiral of 
new england. vii. Prince 39. 

1616. Nov. [14 James I.] New Eng- 
land granted to the u council of 
new england established at ply- 
mouth," consisting of forty per- 
sons, vi. 617. 618. [This must 
be intended for 18 james i. nov. 
3d. Hubbard, however, gives it, 
more than once, 14 james i.] 

The first independent or pu- 
ritan, or brownist church, in eng- 
land, formed by rev. henry Jacob, 
who becomes its pastor, i. 166. 



1617. A comet seen by the indians 
of massachusetts and an english 
ship on the coast, ii. 65. 

Pestilence amongst the indians 
of new england. iii. 90. 

1613. The greatest mortality ever 
known amongst the indians of 
new england. ii. 66. 

1620. Nov. 3. New England grant- 
ed by patent of james i. to the 
" council of new england estab- 
lished at plymouth," consisting 
of duke of lenox and others, in 
all forty persons, vi. 617. 618. 
See A. D. 1616. ante. 

Nov. 9. The colony, con- 
sisting of an hundred persons, in- 
tended for hudsons river, then 
within the limits of the Virginia 
patent, is by fraud brought to 
cape cod and, 

Nov. 10, [Prince says 11th] 
finding their patent from the 
Virginia company was void and 
useless, now that they were land- 
ing in another territory, they sign 
an instrument for mutual govern- 
ment, and choose mr. John carver 
their governour. v. 53. 54. vi. 
666. 667. ix 163. 

Dec. 25. They erect their 
first house at plymouth. v. 57. 

1621. Mr. John Carver, governour 
of plymouth colony, v. 62. 

1622. 9, and 1635. Grants made of 
new hampshire and maine to sir 
f. gorges and capt. mason, vi. 

[19 James I.] March 9. Coun- 
cil of plymouth convey land be- 
tween naumkeag and merrimack, 
to be called mariana. vi. 614. 

Aug. 10. Council of plymouth 
grant to sir f gorges and capt. 
mason from merrimack to saga- 
dehock. vi. 616. 619. 

Mr. Weston plants weymouth. 

1623. Indians of martha's vineyard 
conspire with those of massa- 
chusetts and elsewhere, to ex- 
tirpate the english. iii. 8>. 

Merchants of plymouth and 
the west of england send out a 
mr. tomson to plant at pascata- 
qua ; which place he shortly af- 
ter abandons, v. 105. 214. 

1624. Five assistants first chosen in 
plymouth colony : one only had 
been, heretofore, annually cho- 
sen, v. 90. 

Mr. E. Winslow brings the first 
horned cattle to plymouth. v. 94. 

People of dorchester, england, 
send persons to plant at cape 
ann. v 106. 

1625. Pestilence [plague] in lon- 
don. v. 95. 

1628. March 19. Council establish- 
ed at plymouth for governing, 
&c. new england, grants land be- 
tween merrimack and charles 
river to sir h. roswell and others. 
v. 108. vi. 618. 

Mr. J. Endicott, " with some 
store of servants," sent out to 
provide for the colony about to 
come to Massachusetts. Thev 
at first fix upon gloucester ; but 
build salem. ii. 69. v. 109. 114. 

" First planting in new eng- 
land." iii. 123. [Johnson and 
some others use the words new 
england, as exclusive of ply- 
mouth colony ; which was, 
strictly speaking, not a new eng- 
land colony.] 
1628 and 9. New hampshire in part 
settled by people from massa- 
chusetts. vi.619. 

1629. March 4. [4 Charles I.] The 
grant to rosw T ell and others was 
confirmed by letters patent, 
which incorporates them to gov- 
ern, &c. A colony is sent out 
soon after, vi. 613. 

March 18. Matthew Crad- 
dock sworn in chancery govern- 
our, and thomas goffe deputy 
governour. of the new england 
patentees in england. v. 121. 

April 10. The company of 
patentees in england appoint mr. 
j. endicott their deputy govern- 
our or agent to preside over the 
colony at salem, in subordination 
to them. v. 114. 122. 123. 

May 13. The second court of 
election held in london. Mr. 
Craddock and Mr. Goffe are re- 
elected governour and deputy 
governour. v. 122. 

Rev. Messrs. Higginson. Skel- 
ton and Bright, with others, ar- 



rive at naumkeag, which now 
receives the name salem. ii. 70. 
v. 112. 

Mishawuin, now charlestown, 
taken possession of as english 
property, by direction of mr. en- 
dicott. for the new england pa- 
tentees, ii. 163. [The charles- 
town records and dr. holmes 
agree in making this date 1628 : 
but prince places it in June 24, 
1629. See prince, 1628, 1629, 
and 1630, note 90 ; and dr. 
holmes, 1628.] 

Oct. 20. J. Winthrop and 
J. Humphrey in england appoint- 
ed governour and deputy govern- 
our of massachusetts by the pa- 
tentees, <fc the government of the 
colony removed thither, v. 124. 

Mr. Bradford governour of ply- 
mouth colony, v. 115. 

Nov. 7. The council of ply- 
mouth grant land, from merri- 
mack to sagadehock, to capt. ma- 
son and his heirs, vi. 619. 

Nov. 17. The council of ply- 
mouth grant land between merri- 
mack and sagadehock rivers, to 
sir f. gorges and capt. mason, v. 
225. vi. 616. [Dr. Holmes says 
1630. Plymouth receives a second 
charter ; the first for Virginia be- 
ing useless, v. 82. 

March 23. Mr. Thomas Dud- 
ley chosen, in england, deputy 
governour of massachusetts in the 
place of mr. humphrey. v. 124. 

April 7. Gov. Winthrop and 
company at yar mouth, on board 
the arbella, about to sail for new 
england, address the brethren of 
the church of england. v. 126. 

June 12. Gov. J. Winthrop 
with a part of his fleet arrives at 
salem. v. 129. 

July 2. Small-pox brought 
over in the talbot to naumkeag. 
v. 131. 

Gov. J. Winthrop with 1500 
persons settle at Charlestown. 
ii. 164. 

Aug. Rev. John Wilson is 
settled at charlestown : he re- 
moves to boston in november 
following, ii. 171. 

The charter is brought over by 
some of the massachusetts paten- 
tees, v. 115. 

Aug. 23. First court of assist- 
ants held at charlestown on board 
the arbella. v. 146. ii. 164. 

Sept. 7. Second court of assist- 
ants held at charlestown. v. 147. 

Sept. 28. Boston richer than 
charlestown in the proportion of 
11 to 7. vii. 1 Prince. 

Sept 30. Isaac Johnson is 
buried in a part of his lot, now 
the chapel burial-ground, boston, 
i. (xxx.) vii. 1 Prince. 

The first capital punishment in 
plymouth colony, vii. 2 Prince. 

Oct. 19. The first general 
court held : it gives the assist- 
ants power to make laws and to 
choose officers for their execu- 
tion, vii. 3 Prince, v. 147. 

Nov. 9. First court of assist- 
ants held at boston. vii. 6 

Rev. John Wilson removes to 
boston, ii. 171. vii. 1 Prince. 

Dec. Peace between england 
and spain proclaimed. vii. 16 

The winter did not set in before 
the end of December, v. 138. 

Plymouth colony has in ten 
years increased from 100 to near- 
ly 300 souls, i. (viii. xxii.) 
1630 to 1643. 21200 persons come 
over to massachusetts. i. (viii. 
xxii.) ii. 81. 
1630 to 1634. General court of mas- 
sachusetts constituted of all the 
freemen, x. 23. 
1631. May 18. First court of elec- 
tion in Massachusetts : j. win- 
throp and thomas dudley go- 
vernour and deputy governour. 
v. 148. iii. 123, 124. 

The council of new england 
grant to sir f. gorges, capt. ma- 
son and others, vi. 619. 

Ferry between boston and 
charlestown established, which 
is granted in 1640 to harvard 
college, ii. 166. 

July 4. Governour Winthrop 
launches the first vessel at mys- 
tick, the blessing of the bay. 
v. 171. 



Rev. J. Wilson ceases to preach 
on the charlestown side of charles 
river, ii. 91. [But ii. 171 places 
this in nov. 1630.] 

Captain John Smith dies vii. 
39 Prince. 

Small-pox very fatal amongst 
the indians. iii. 127. 

Third church in massachusetts 
formed at dorchester. ii. 90. 

Fourth church in massachusetts 
formed at boston, ii. 91. 

Fifth church in Massachusetts 
formed at Roxbury. ii. 92. 

Sixth church formed at lynn. 
ii. 93. 

Seventh church formed at wa- 
tertown. ii. 94. 

1632. Gustavus king of sweden kill- 
ed, vii. 82 Prince. 

March 29. Treaty made be- 
tween england and france, by 
which canada, nova scotia, &c. 
are given up to the latter, vii. 
78 Prince. 

May 9. J. Winthrop and T. 
Dudley governour and deputy 
governour of massachusetts ; 53 
freemen sworn, and the magis- 
trates first chosen by the freemen. 
iii. 128. v. 149. 

June 20. Maryland patented 
by charles i. to cascilius, baron 
baltimore. vii. 80. 

Small-pox very destructive to 
the indians. ii. 165. 

Winter very cold : boston har- 
bour frozen from island to island, 
iii. 131. 

1633. J. Winthrop and T. Dudley 
governour and deputy governour 
of massachusetts; 46 freemen 
sworn ; rev. messrs. hooker, John 
cotton, stone, with mr. haynes 
and others, arrive at boston, iii. 
132. 134. 

J. Winthrop, jun. begins the 
settlement of agawam, now ips- 
wich, by order of the massachu- 
setts general court, vii. 84. 86 

Muddy river, now brookline, 
used as a pasture for boston cows. 
ii. 141. 

Pestilential fever at plymouth, 
and amongst the massachusetts 
indians. v. 194. vi. 662. vii. 
96 Prince. 

Small-pox destroys many mas- 
sachusetts indians. v. 194. 

Cows sell for £20 sterling at 
plymouth. iii. 183. 

First ferry in plymouth colony, 
at kingston, Jones's river, iv. 224. 

October 16. Thanksgiving 
throughout new england (massa- 
chusetts) then consisting of seven 
churches, iii. 134. 

Eighth church formed at cam- 
bridge by rev. mr. hooker, iii. 
136. 137. 

First fruit produced from Eng- 
lish grain, a little rye, was shewn 
to the massachusetts court; and 
rejoiced the people iii. 137. 

Connecticut river visited by 
plymouth people, i. (vii.) 

Mr. E. Winslow governour of 
plymouth colony, vi. 661. 

First baptist church in england 
formed in london by rev. John 
spilsbury : the second was not 
formed till 1639. ix. 197. 
1834. Feb. 21. The patent of mas- 
sachusetts ordered to be forth- 
coming in london on complaint, 
&c. v. 153. 

Plymouth people, before this 
time, have a trading house at ma- 
chias. v. 163. 

May 14. The freemen choose 
t. dudley and r. ludlow govern- 
our and deputy governour of mas- 
sachusetts. v. 156. 204 freemen 
sworn, iii. 139. 

May 14. 24 deputies, 3 from 
each town, with the assistants, 
composed, for the first time, the 
general court of massachusetts. 
v. 156. x. 23. 

Charlestown organized, and 
sends 3 deputies to massachusetts 
general court, ii. 165. 

Massachusetts determines to 
fortify governour's island in bos- 
ton harbour, iii. 148. 

Ninth church gathered at ips- 
wich by rev. n. ward. iii. 141. 

Shawmut, now boston, pur- 
chased of rev. william blackstone, 
an episcopal clergyman, who 
had been there some years, x. 

Tenth church in massachusetts 
formed at newbury : this church 
is called presbyterian , the nine 



others, congregational or inde- 
pendent, iii. 144. 

The sagamoreship or earldom 
of agawam is named essex. iii. 

Newbury is, at this time, noted 
for its fine white oak timber, iii. 
144. 145. 

Two dutch ships arrive at bos- 
ton with provisions, iii. 147. 

Mr. Thomas Prince governour 
of plymouth. vi. 664. 
1634 and 5. Providence planted by 
roger williams and others, ix. 
170. 172. vi. 335. [Dr. Holmes 
places this under 1636.] 
1635. April 22. Council of plymouth 
grants from naumkeag to pas- 
cataqua to capt. mason, vi. 617. 

April 25, or June 7. The coun- 
cil of plymouth surrenders its 
" grand charter," viz. the patent 
18 james i. nov. 3d; and imme- 
diately a quo warranto and judg- 
ment for the king, that the Mas- 
sachusetts charter be void and 
the franchise return to the king, 
v. 272. vi. 618. viii. 96. [Judg- 
ment in this case was given april 
4th, 1638, says dr. holmes; but 
see v. 268. 272. 273. and hutch, 
coll. 101 — 104.] 

Grand juries were first intro- 
duced ; and J 00 offences present- 
ed in massachusetts. v. 159. 

An attempt made to annul all 
the patents in north america, and 
to send out a general government 
of the 12 provinces proposed to 
be created, v. 227. 

The lords commissioners, ap- 
pointed to manage the new eng- 
land colonies, demand the massa- 
chusetts patent, but governour 
winthrop evades and refuses, v. 
263. 164. 265. 

Rev. Hugh Peter comes out, 
and settles as minister at salem. 
iii. 154. 

Eleventh church in massachu- 
setts formed at Cambridge by rev. 
mr. shepherd, composed of those 
who purchased of those gone to 
hartford. iii. 153. 

Cows are at £28 in new eng- 
land. iii. 150. 

May 6. J. Haynes and R. Bel- 
lingham governour and deputy 
governour of massachusetts ; 145 
freemen sworn, iii. 147. v. 157. 

About 3000 persons arrive this 
year in massachusetts. iv. 2. 

Mr. R. Harlakenden, " leader 
of the military," and eleven min- 
isters, including rev. messrs. nor- 
ton, shepherd, and r. mather, 
come out to massachusetts. iii. 
147. 148. 150. 

The french take possession of 
penobscot, and claim to the 40° 
n. lat. v. 161. 

June. Dutch ships bring San- 
ders' mares, sheep and heifers to 
massachusetts. v. 177. 

J. Winthrop, jun. and Sir H. 
Vane, jun. sent out by lords say, 
brook and others to begin the 
planting of their province of Con- 
necticut — of which the former is 
made governour — arrive at bos- 
ton, v. 177. 

August 15. Very violent hur- 
ricane in new england. v. 198. 

November. J. Winthrop, jun. 
builds the fort at saybrook. v. 
178. 179. 

*Mr. E. Winslow goes to eng- 
land as agent to answer the 
charges brought by morton and 
gardiner against new england. 
vi. 662. 
1635 and 6. People of massachusetts, 
chiefly from Cambridge, under mr. 
haynes and the rev. messrs. hook- 
er, stone, and wareham, settle in 
and about hartford, Connecticut, 
which had been examined the 
year before, iii. 151. v. 176. 177. 
vi. 306, 307. ix. 175. 
1636. May 25. Sir H. Vane, jun. 
and J. Winthrop governour and 
deputy governour of massachu- 
setts ; 83 freemen sworn, v. 233. 
iv. 1. 

E. Winslow governour of ply- 
mouth colony, vi. 662. 

General court of massachusetts 
grants £400 to the school in new- 
town, soon after called harvard 
college, ii. 107. v. 237. 

Morton, " the host of merri- 
mount," produces a great stir in 



the churches of massachusetts ; 
and is ' : dealt with as David did 
with shimmei." iv.35. 

John Oldham killed by the pe- 
quots, which causes, in part, the 
pequot war. v. 248. 

Oct. A code of laws, after the 
mosaic, reported to the general 
court of massachusetts. v. 247. 

Saugus receives the name 
11 linne." iv. 3. 

A settlement made at saco, or 
pepperellborough. iv. 187. 

Concord, first inland town in 
massachusetts, settled, iii. 155. 
[Dr. Holmes places this in 1C35.] 

Hingham church formed, iii. 
MO. [Dr. Holmes says 16:35.] 
1636 and 7. Religious divisions run 
high in massachusetts, produced 
by followers of mr. wheelwright 
and mrs. hutchinson. (iv. 7 — 21) 
and in consequence many persons 
are disarmed, vii. 6. v. 286. 
1637. May 3. The king in council 
orders the patent of massachusetts 
to be delivered up in london. v. 
272. 273. 

May 17. At a court of election 
held at Cambridge, j. winthrop 
and t. dudley chosen governor 
and deputy governor of massachu- 
setts, and 125 freemen sworn, iv. 
21. v. 236. 

First indian war. • Massachu- 
setts and Connecticut send troops 
against the pequots. iv. 28. 44 — 
48. ix. 176. x. 59. 

May 26. Mystic fight; cap- 
tains mason and underhill destroy 
pequot forts, kill several hundred 
of the natives, and soon subdue 
them. vi. 446. viii. 141. 

At this time, as was supposed, 
the narragansets and niantics 
could bring into the field 30,000 
warriours. iv. 42. But it is said 
the narragansets are at this time 
4000. ix. 176. 177. 

November. The antinomian 
controversy induces the general 
court of massachusetts to dismiss 
two of the boston representatives, 
x. 23. 

Synod at Cambridge, ix. 178. 
v. 298. 

New Haven, Connecticut, set- 

VOL. X. 28 

tied, under mr. eaton, rev. mr. 
davenport and others, vii. 6. 7. 
ix. 175. [See 1638.] 

Dedham, county of Suffolk, 
planted, being the fourteenth 
church ; and weyinouth about 
this time, being the fifteenth 
church in massachusetts. vii. 9. 

There is a windmill at scituate, 
plymouth colony, iv. 224. 
1637 and 8. Rhode Island, Providence, 
and some towns near narraganset 
bay, planted ; the first by boston 
folks, mr. coddington, mr. clarke 
and others, who are in 1638. vi. 
334. ix. 178. 
1638. April 4. The lords commis- 
sioners for foreign plantations 
issue a summons to governour 
winthrop, of massachusetts, to 
transmit the patent of massachu- 
setts to them ; which he declines 
to do. v. 268. 269. 

May 2. J.Winthrcp and T. 
Dudley elected governour and 
deputy governour of massachu- 
setts; 130 freemen sworn. v. 
236. vii. 12. 

Mr. Eaton, Mr. Hopkins, Mr. 
Davenport, who came out to bos- 
ton the year before, remove with 
many others to Connecticut, and 
establish new haven colony, v. 
262. 263. 

June 1. A violent earthquake 
in new england. vii. 14. 

Rowley, massachusetts, planted 
under ezekiel rogers. vii. 12. 

Joseph Glover, coming over to 
massachusetts as printer, dies at 
sea. vii. 12. 

Scituate, plymouth colony, 
contains 22 freemen and 19 
townsmen ; in all 41 males, iv. 

Three white persons, after 
much consultation, executed at 
plymouth for killing an indian. 
vi. 663. 

3000 persons come out for con 
necticut. v. 263. 

Mrs. Hutchinson leaves massa- 
chusetts. vi. 336. 

Pawtuxet, rhode island, settled 
by arnold and others, ix. 182. 

Harvard College is established, 



Rev. J. Harvard of charlestown, 
who died this year, having be- 
queathed to the school at new- 
town, now Cambridge, £779 17 2. 
it receives his name. A college 
buildino- is erected, i. 105. ii. 
107. v. 247. vii. 16. 

Gov. Winthrop has, prior to 
this time, the first orchard and 
first vineyard in new england, on 
governour's island, then govern- 
our's garden, in boston harbor, i. 
(xxxi.) [In ix. 174, it is said, but 
no authority given, that mr. 
blackstone had an orchard before 
the arrival of the massachusetts 
1639. Newport, rhode island, set- 
tled, ix. 181. 

A military muster of 1000 men, 
in two regiments, under the go- 
vernour and deputy governour, at 
boston, i. (xxix.) 

May 22. J. Winthrop and T. 
Dudley chosen governour and 
deputy governour of massachu- 
setts; 83 freemen sworn, vii. 16. 
v. 237. 

Royal charter of the province of 
maine to sir f. gorges- v. 224. 

Sept. 4. Military company, the 
ancient and honourable, formed 
in boston ; but refused incorpo- 
ration on political grounds, v. 
243. [But see ii. 185, where it is 
said, that it was incorporated and 
endowed under the title of " the 
military company of the massa- 
chusetts," in 1638, april.] 

Sept. 4. Sudbury, massachu- 
setts, incorporated, iv. 52. 

About this time roger williams, 
having become a baptist, estab- 
lishes the first baptist church at 
providence, ix. 197. 

Hampton, near merrimac river, 
in the county of "northfolk" 
planted, being the seventeenth 
church in massachusetts. vii. 17. 

Exeter, new Hampshire, settled, 
v. 223. 

Salisbury, near hampton, mas- 
sachusetts, planted, vii. 18. 

Boston representatives reduced 
to two, which continued more 
than forty years, x. 24. 
1639 and 40. Very cold winter, vii. 
18. 19. 

1640. May 12. T. Dudley and R. 
Bellingham chosen governour and 
deputy governour of massachu- 
setts ; 192 freemen sworn. v. 
237. vii. 20. 21. 

People cease coming, in great 
numbers, to new england. vii. 
20. 21. 

Previous to this year much cot- 
ton had been brought from " the 
indies" to new england. v. 239. 

Oct. 22. Forty-one persons 
combine to form a government at 
pascataqua. vii. Prince, adver- 

Sudbury, nineteenth church, 
established in Massachusetts, vii. 

South-hampton, long island, 
settled, vii. 22. 

Ferry established between 
charlestown and maiden. ii. 

Charlestown ferry granted to 
harvard college ii. 166. 

Braintree, twentieth church in 
massachusetts, established, vii. 

People cease coming to new 
england. v. 146. 

1641. June 2. R. Bellingham and 
J. Endicott chosen governour and 
deputy governour of Massachu- 
setts ; 503 freemen sworn in the 
year. vi. 370. vii. 32. 

The first barque of 50 tons built 
in plymouth colony ; cost £200. 
iv. 99. 

A church gathered at edgarton, 
martha's vineyard, by thomas 
mayhew, jun. iii. 71. 

James Forett, agent lor the 
earl of Stirling, grants nantucket, 
martha's vineyard, then and long 
before in the possession of eng- 
lish families, and the elizabeth 
islands, to thomas mayhew of 
watertown, massachusetts, who 
removes to edgarton the follow- 
ing year. These islands were not 
within any of the new england 
governments, iii. 81. 82. 

Sept. 24. People south of 
piscataqua, viz. at dover, straw- 
berry-bank, &c. declared a part 
of massachusetts jurisdiction, vi. 



Providence island, west indies, 
partly peopled from new england, 
is captured by the Spaniards, vi. 

Plymouth colony punishes for 
attending- quaker meetings, and 
for neglect of publick worship. 
x. G9. 

1642. Jan. 18 to Feb. 21. Boston 
harbour is frozen over so as to 
bear carts and horses, vi. 421. 
vii. 33. 

May 18. J. Winthrop and J. 
Endicott chosen governour and 
deputy governour of massachu- 
setts; 1232 said to be the num- 
ber of feeemen sworn, vi. 372. 
vii. 35. 

Conspiracy of all the Indians 
a -ainst the english colonies, vi. 
446. 451. 

The first class graduates at 
harvard college, v. (iv.) 

3000 indians on martha's vine- 
yard, or in d-uke's county, iii. 90. 

Providence plantation and rhode 
island unite to send roger williams 
as agent to obtain a charter for 
them. ix. 184. 185. 

The price of cows falls in a 
few days from £22 to £7 and £8. 
vii. 35. 

There are about 1000 acres 
of land in orchards and gardens, 
and 15,000 acres under cultiva- 
tion, and 12,000 neat cattle, and 
3000 sheep in massachusetts. vii. 
38. [Should not this be under 
1651, when Johnson wrote?] 

Woburn is established as a town, 
vii. 38. 

Feoffees for the college at cam- 
bridge appointed, to consist of 
all the magistrates of the colony, 
and the elders of the six next ad- 
joining churches, vi. 372. 

A body of laws, which had 
been long under consideration, 
was established in mass. vi. 372. 

1643. March 5. An earthquake in 
new england. vii. 50. 

May 10. J. Winthrop and J • 
Endicott chosen governour and 
deputy governour of massachu- 
setts ; 87 freemen sworn, vi. 673. 
vii. 44. 

Plymouth contains 146 persons 
from 16 to 60 years old. iii. 169. 

Massachusetts, plymouth, Con- 
necticut and new haven colonies 
enter into a confederacy to sup- 
port each other in any "just war" 
— each colony to send the same 
number of commissioners, but the 
charges of war to be paid in pro- 
portion to the number of inhabi- 
tants, vi. 467. 474. vii. 45. 

Battle between uncas, sachem 
of the mohiggans, and miantone- 
rno, sachem of the narragansets ; 
the latter defeated, taken prison- 
er; and afterwards killed by un- 
cas the ally of massachusetts col- 
ony, vi. 449. 452. vii. 47. 

The ffortonists broken tip, &c. 
vii. 59. 50. 

Warwick, fourth town in rhode 
island, settled by w. arnold and 
others, ix. 182. 

Bricks are made in ply mouth at 
lis. a thousand, iii. 183. 184. 

Plymouth's town expenditure is 
£9. iii. 183. 184. 

Wolves are very destructive, 
iii. 183. 184. 

In 15 years previous to this 
date, about 198 or 298 ships had 
been employed in bringing 21 ,000 
men, women and children to mas- 
sachusetts. ii. 81. 83. 

General and fatal disease (yel- 
low fever ? ) amongst the indians 
of martha's vineyard, iii. 91. vi. 

Mr. Rigby, proprietor of the 
" plough patent" in maine, sends 
out mr. cleaves as his agent, 
which produces a contest between 
him and the agent of sir f. gorges 
reg;n ding the right of property, 
vi. 268. 370. 

Haverhill, mass, settled, iv. 
126. [It is somewhere said to 
have been settled at an earlier 

Duxbury has 76 persons, be- 
tween 16 and 60 years of age, ca- 
pable of bearing arms. x. 69. 
1644. March 14. Roger Williams 
obtains a charter for providence 
and rhode island, under the title 
of " the providence plantations," 
from the commissioners of plan- 



tations, the earl of Warwick pres- 
ident, vii. 76. 90. ix. 184. 

Elder W. Brewster of ply mouth 
colony dies. vi. 603. x. 58. 

May 20. J. Endicott and J. 
Winthrop chosen governour and 
deputy governour of massachu- 
setts ; 145 freemen sworn, vi. 
373. vii. 51. 

Thomas Dudley chosen Ser- 
jeant major of massachusetts : the 
first time the office was filled, vi. 
373. vii. 53. 

The anabaptists begin to grow 
troublesome in massachusetts. vi. 

The indians massacre many 
whites in Virginia, vi. 411. 

D'Aulney's agent comes to 
boston and enters into a treaty 
with massachusetts, which is 
not ratified by d*aulney. vi. 488. 

A company was formed in mas- 
sachusetts, with a monopoly for 
21 years, to discover the "great 
lake " and to collect beaver, vi. 

In massachusetts there are 26 
military bands, which train eight 
days in each year. vii. 53. 

In massachusetts there are four 
counties, and three regiments of 
troops, vii. 53. 55. 

Martha's Vineyard, previously 
attached to no jurisdiction, is an- 
nexed to that of massachusetts, 
(iii. 82.) and th. mayhew soon 
after establishes courts and juries 
and records amongst the indians 
themselves, iii. 84. 

Hull, massachusetts, incorpo- 
rated, vi. 409. 

Reading and Wenham, massa- 
chusetts, planted, being the 24th 
and 25th churches, vii. 51. 
1645. T. Dudley and J. Winthrop 
chosen governour and deputy go- 
vernour of massachusetts ; 56 free- 
men sworn, vi. 374. viii. 1. 

A ship of more than 400 tons 
built and equipped at boston, vi. 

D'Aulney captures la tour's 
fort at st. John's, vi. 498. 

The commissioners of the unit- 

ed new england colonies publish 
a declaration of war against the 
narragansets, — but, 

The narraganset indians make 
a treaty of peace with the united 
colonies, vi. 454. ix. 203. 

First baptist church formed in 
england by rev. henry Jessie, i. 

The manufacture of iron begun 
at lynn. v. 374. 

Haverhill, massachusetts, 26th 
church, formed, viii. 1. 

Springfield, massachusetts, 27th 
church, formed, viii. 3. 
1646. J. Winthrop the ninth time, and 
T. Dudley chosen governour and 
deputy governour of massachu- 
setts ; 72 freemen sworn, vi. 499. 
518. viii. 6. 

E. Winslow goes agent for 
massachusetts to england, who is 
instructed to deny the power of 
appeal from the courts of massa- 
chusetts to those of england. vi. 

The second synod in massachu- 
setts, by publick authority, sits 
at Cambridge ; and though it ad- 
journs to June 8 of the following 
year, it does not begin business 
till 1648, when the " platform " 
and Westminster confession of 
faith are agreed on. i. 196. vi. 
536. 537. viii . 8. 

Mr. Hubbard, of hingham. tried 
by the court and a jury of twelve 
men, is fined for disseminating the 
idea, that the charter placed mas- 
sachusetts on the fooling of a 
common corporation in england, 
and, in consequence, that pun- 
ishment with death, &c. was un- 
lawful. The disputes, that arose 
about this trial inform the people 
of england, that new england al- 
lowed no appeal to that country ; 
that the people of new england 
were styled subjects of their own 
government; and that the writs 
of courts in new england did not 
run in his majesty's name, but in 
, that of the government of new 
england. iv. 110. 125. 

Sept. D'Aulney sends two 
commissioners to settle differen- 
ces and to effect a treaty with 



Massachusetts, in which they are 
successful, vi. 495. 496. 

Commissioners of the united 
colonies, who hail been, since the 
confederation, chosen in massa- 
chuselts by the magistrates and 
deputies, were chosen by the vote 
of the freemen, vi. 499. 

The freemen and voters in ply- 
mouth are 79. iii. 170. 

Qualifications of townsmen in 
plymouth first regulated. iii. 

1647. J. Winthrop and T. Dudley 
chosen governour and deputy go- 
vernour of massachusetts ; 85 
freemen sworn. The office of 
serjeaut major geneial is filled an- 
nually ; all other military commis- 
sions are for life, or good beha- j 
viour. vi. 518. viii. 1 1. 

Sir William Berkeley, gover- j 
nour of Virginia, makes a success- j 
ful experiment by planting rice, | 
which he finds to thrive well | 
there, ix. 118. 

Epidemic fever through new 
england and all the enghsh colo- 
nies, including st. Christopher's 
and barbadoes. vi. 532. 

June 8. Synod sits at cam- 
bridge, but adjourns for business 
to the following year, this being 
sickly, vi. 536. 537. [The plat- 
form for discipline is said to have 
been given out this year, v. 184; 
but see i. (x.) vi. 537. 623.] 

Providence plantations form a 
code of laws, ix 189. 

1648. J. Winthrop and T. Dudley 
chosen governour and deputy go- 
vernour of massachusetts ; 94 
freemen sworn, vi.518. viii. 14. 

Code of laws, which had been 
in preparation two years, is print- 
ed in massachusetts. viii. 10. 

An unsuccessful attempt made 
to settle the bahama islands by 
people of new england. vi. 523. 

June. Margaret Jones exe- 
cuted at boston for witchcraft, 
vi. 530. 

June 4. Canonicus, the great 
chief of the narragansets, dies, 
vi. 464. 

Oct. Cambridge platform was 
given out to the government and 

the churches ; and the Westmin- 
ster confession of faith agreed on 
by the synod, i. (x.) vi. 537. 537. 

Eirst ho^se of publick worship 
erected at plymouth. iii. 200. 

Andover settled, viii. 14. 

Maiden settled, viii. 15. 

Second church formed at bos- 
ton, the 30th in massachusetts. 
viii. 16. 

1649. March 26. J. Winthrop, the 
governour of massachusetts, to 
which office he had been eleven 
times elected, dies at boston, iii. 
123. iv. 401. vi. 519. vii. 
Prince, advertisement, viii. 18. 

Selectmen first chosen at ply- 
mouth. iii. 186. 

May. T. Dudley and J. Endi- 
cott chosen governour and depu- 
ty governour of massachusetts. 
vi. 499. 519. viii. 18. [Dr. 
Holmes places j. endicott in the 
chair, as does viii. 17.] 

Caterpillars very numerous this 
year. viii. 18. 

Virginia contains about 15,000 
english and 300 negroes, ix. 105. 

Six publick brew-houses are in 
Virginia, ix. 106. 

Beef 2 )-2d. and pork 3d. a 
pound in Virginia, ix. 106. 

Parliament incorporates the so- 
ciety for propagating the gospel 
amongst the indians of new eng- 
land. [It was incorporated by 
the king, charles ii. in 1661, says 
dr. holmes.] vi. 660. 

" The holy, heavenly sweet- 
affecting and soul-ravishing min- 
ister, mr. thomas shepheard," of 
Cambridge, rev. mr. booker of 
hartford, and rev. mr. phillips of 
watertown, die. viii. 17. 

1650. T. Dudley and J. Endicott 
chosen governour and deputy go- 
vernour of massachusetts ; 55 
freemen sworn, vi. 519. viii. 19. 

Malt houses common in ply- 
mouth, &c till this period — and 

Barley much raised, iii. 188. 

Forty families of indians attend 
regularly on the preaching of mr. 
mayhew at " martin's" vineyard, 
vi. 659. 

1651. J. Endicott and T. Dudley 



chosen governour and deputy go- 
vernour of massachusetts. vi. 
542. viii. 20. 

Boston so increased as to re- 
quire a court ftfr itself, which 
is held by commissioners. vi. 

Maiden is fined by the massa- 
chusetts general court for irregu- 
larly settling a minister. vi. 

1651. 2 & 3. Maine comes under the 
jurisdiction of massachusetts. vi. 
542. 543. [Dr. Holmes places 
this under nov. '22, 1(552.] 

Bridgewater settlement begun. 
vii. 146. 

1652. J. Endicott and T. Dudley 
chosen governour and deputy go- 
vernour of massachusetts. vi. 

May. Money first ordered to 
be coined in massachusetts. ii. 

Dec. 23. Rev. John Cotton 
dies. vi. 553. 

1653. J. Endicott and T. Dudley 
chosen governour and deputy go- 
vernour of massachusetts. vi. 

July 31. T. Dudley, deputy 
governour of massachusetts, dies, 
vi. 552. 

Oct 13. Massachusetts north 
boundary-line run. vi. 543. 

1653 & 4. A period of great alarm in 
new enoland, from the narragan- 
set indians and the dutch, who 
had combined against the colo- 
nists, x. 60. 

1654. May 3. R. Bellingham and J. 
Endicott chosen governour and 
deputy governour of massachu- 
setts. vi. 543. 544. 

The laws of massachusetts are 
ordered, " for the first time," to 
be printed, vi. 543. 544. [But 
see 1648.] 

1654 to 1705. Deaths, marriages, and 
births in Billerica. ii. 162. 

Sixty soldiers prepared by ply- 
mouth to be sent against the 
dutch, x. 69. 

June. News of peace between 
england and holland arrives in 
america. x. 60. 

1655. J. Endicott and R. Belling- | 

ham chosen governour and depu- 
ty governour of massachusetts. 
vi. 544. 545. 

Treaty of peace between the 
english and dutch, vi. 549. [See 
1654 econ.] 

A fleet from england takes pos- 
session of the french places about 
st. John's river, vi. 549. 

Billerica settlement begun, vi. 
545. [But see ii. 162.] 

Groton settlement begun, vi. 

An epidemic cough passed 
through new england. vi. 554. 

1656. May 14. J. Endicott and R. 
Bellingham chosen governour &, 
deputy governour of massachu- 
setts. vi. 555. 

June 3. Bridgewater, massa- 
chusetts, incorporated, vii. 140. 

Mrs. Hibbins hung for a witch, 
vi. 574. 

First saw-mill in ply mouth col- 
ony, carried by a brook in scitu- 
ate. iv. 225. 

Religious dissensions in hart- 
ford, Windsor and weathersfield, 
Connecticut, produce the settle- 
ment of hadley and north hamp- 
ton. vi. 316. 

Capt. Miles Standish dies. x. 

1657. May 6. J. Endicott and R. 
Bellingham chosen governour & 
deputy governour of massachu- 
setts. vi. 555. 

Harvard college is endowed 
with 2000 acres of land. vi. 

Gov. William Bradford, of ply- 
mouth colony, dies. vi. 555. 

Plymouth colony banishes h. 
norton, a quaker. x. 70. 

1658. April 20. The coldest day in 
the year. vi. 647. 

May 19. J. Endicott and R. 
Bellingham chosen governour <fe 
deputy governour of massachu- 
setts. vi. 555. 

1659. May 11. J. Endicott and R. 
Bellingham chosen governour & 
deputy governour of massachu- 
setts. vi. 555. 

Two quakers, w. robinson and 
m. Stephenson, hung for return- 
ing to massachusetts, contrary to 



a previous statute, after being ex- 
pelled the colony, vi. 571. 572. 

An indian church formed by 
mr. may he w at martha's vine- 
yard, iii. 92. 
1660* May 30. J. Endicott and R. 
Bellingham chosen governour &. 
deputy governor of massachu- 
setts. vi. 555. 

Messrs. Wbaley and GofFe, 
" regicides," arrive in massachu- 
setts. viii. 67. 

Mary Dyer, a quaker, hung 
for returning into massachusetts, 
contrary to a previous statute, af- 
ter being expelled the colony, 
vi. 573. 

1661. J. Endicott and R. Bellingham 
chosen governour and deputy 
governour of massachusetts. vi. 

A committee of massachusetts 
general court makes a manly re- 
port on the rights and liberties of 
the colonists and their duties of 
allegiance to the king. i. (xxvii.) 
ii. 96. 

King Charles II. writes to New 
england to forbear corporal pun- 
ishment of quakers. vi. 574. 

Aug. 8. Charles II. proclaim- 
ed in massachusetts by order of 
the general court, vi. 575. 

Mr. Bradstreet and Mr. Norton 
sent agents of massachusetts to 
acknowledge king charles ii. &c. 
vi. 576. 

Rev. John Eliot completes his 
translation of the new testament 
into the massachusetts language, 
ix. 242. 
1661 and 2. General court of massa- 
chusetts censures a book, be- 
cause it was offensive to the go- 
vernment of england. vi. 575. 

1662. April 23. John Winthrop. 
governour of Connecticut, having 
gone to england for the purpose, 
obtains a charter for that colony. 

J. Endicott and R. Bellingham 

chosen governour and deputy go- 

. vernour of massachusetts. vi. 575. 

Synod at boston, being the 

third in massachusetts. i. 196. 

vi. 587. 602. 

Plymouth town expense is £25 
12 3-4sh. iii. 186. 

1663. J. Endicott and R. Bellingham 
chosen governour and deputy go- 
vernour of massachusetts. vi. 

Providence plantations obtain 
a second charter irom charles ii. 
vii. 79. ix. 195. 

The court in plymouth colony 
proposes for consideration, that 
every town in that jurisdiction 
should take measures to have a 
school master; which is the first 
publick step towards the estab- 
lishment of schools in that colony, 
iv. 79. 80. 

Plymouth colony has twelve 
incorporated towns, iv. 80. 

Rev. John Norton dies at bos- 
ton, vi. 640. 

Rev. John EKot completes his 
translation of the old testament 
into the massachusetts lauo-uage. 
ix. 242. 

1664. March 12. Charles II. gives 
new york and new jersey to his 
brother, the duke of york ; the 
inhabitants to enjoy freedom of 
religion, excepting that the pro- 
testant religion is named, and the 
ministers may be chosen, and 
must be paid by a majority of 
householders in each town. This 
grant includes nantucket, mar- 
tha's vineyard and the elizabeth 
islands, i. 140. iii. 85. 

J. Endicott and R. Bellingham 
chosen governour and deputy 
governour of massachusetts. vi. 

Col. R. Nichols and Geo. Cart- 
wright, with Sir Robert Carr and 
S. Maverick, are sent commis- 
sioners by charles ii. to review 
the legislative and judicial pro- 
ceedings of new england. The 
two first arrive this year at bos- 
ton, vi. 577. 664. 665. viii. 92. 

Aug. 27. New York, or New 
Netherlands, which was pretty 
well peopled by the dutch, is 
surrendered, by artic'es signed 
this dav, to the english under 
col. nichols. i. 140. vi. 311. 667. 

The colony of new haven be- 
comes a part of Connecticut un- 



der the charter, vi. 311. [Dr. 

Holmes places this under 1665, 
may 11, the date of the first elec- 
tion according to hubbard.] 
1665. March 15. J. Endicott dies 
governour of massachusetts, and 
was buried 23 march, having been 
sixteen years governour of massa- 
chusetts. vi. 575. viii. 52. 

R. Bellingham and Francis 
Willoughby chosen governour 
and deputy governour of massa- 
chusetts. vi. 575. 581. 

Massachusetts sends £500 for 
his majesty's navy, as a present. 
vi. 587. 

General court of massachu- 
setts proclaim by sound of trum- 
pet, that the}^ do not intend to 
obey the summons of the four 
commissioners of charles ii. col. 
nichols, etc. then sitting at bos- 
ton as a court of appeals, vi. 

Whereupon the commissioners 
leave boston, vi. 584. 

The commissioners, col. nich- 
ols, etc. appoint justices in maine, 
and take that province, called 
yorkshire, under the power of 
his majesty, from under that 
of massachusetts, or that of sir 
f. gorges' agent, who were then 
disputing the jurisdiction. vi. 
584 — : = 

This government continued 
only two or three years, vi. 585. 

Six towns of indians in massa- 
chusetts profess Christianity, viii. 

The act regulating trade of 
great britain is said to have been 
ob-erved some years before this 
time in massachusetts. viii. 71. 

Massachusetts has 4400 militia, 
132 ships ; and the expenses of 
government are about £1200. viii. 

Rev. Dr. John Owen, about to 
become minister of the church at 
boston, is induced to remain in 
england. ii. 266. 

Caleb Cheeshahteaumuck grad- 
uates at harvard college ; the 
only indian, who has received the 
honours of that university. ii. 

First baptist church of boston, 
massachusetts, was gathered at 
charlestown. ii. 172. 

A law in massachusetts re- 
quires, that a free school shall be 
established in every town ; and 
for every 100 families a " gram- 
mar school" besides. "The 
country is generally well pro- 
vided with schools." viii. 66. 
[The law above referred to was 
passed in may, 1647. See massa- 
chusetts colony laws, 186.] 

1666. 250 persons from st. Christo- 
pher's come to boston in distress, 
and are kindly entertained, vi. 

R. Bellingham and F. Willough- 
by chosen governour and deputy 
governour of massachusetts. vi. 

1667. R. Bellingham and F. Willough- 
by chosen governour and deputy 
governour of massachusetts. vi. 

Aug. 7. Rev. J. Wilson, of the 
first church in boston, dies. vi. 

Mendon. massachusetts, plant- 
ed, vi. 591. 

Brookfield, massachusetts, was 
planted, liberty for which was 
granted in 1660. vi. 591. 592. 

1668. R. Bellingham and F. Willough- 
by chosen governour and deputy 
governour of massachusetts. vi. 

Maine, or yorkshire, returns 
under the jurisdiction of massa- 
chusetts. vi. 593. 596. 

Wheat at plymouth is 55. 6rf., 
barley 4s., rye 3s. 6d., corn 3s., 
and peas 3s. a bushel, iii. 187. 

1669. R. Bellingham and F. Willough- 
by chosen governour and deputy 
governour of massachusetts. vi. 

Piscalaqua people give £60 
per annum, for seven years, to 
harvard college, vi. 543. 

North hampton, 


Lancaster and 

Hadley settled in massachu- 
setts : a few families had been at 
the last place since 1647. vi. 



1670. R. Bellingham and F. Willough- 
by chosen governour anil deputy 
governour of mass. vi. 591. 

Second indian church at mar- 
tJia's vineyard by t. mayhew. iii. 

Freemen of plymouth are 51. 
iii. 170. 

"Fish boats at plymouth," and 
the fishery of importance there, 
iii. 167. 

June. The general court of 
plymouth colony grants the pro- 
fits of the fishery at cape cod to 
establish a free school in one of 
the twelve towns of that jurisdic- 
tion. It was opened in 1672, and 
was the first in that colony : but 
no school house erected till about 
1700, when plymouth became 
subject to the laws of massachu- 
setts. iv. 80. 81. [The reader 
should distinguish between ply- 
mouth and massachusetts colony, 
and is referred to 1665 ant.] 

1671. March 16. Rev. John Daven- 
port, minister of Boston, dies. vi. 

R. Bellingham and J. Leverett 
chosen governour and deputy go- 
vernour of massachusetts. vi. 610. 

Edgarton, and Tisbury, before 
called middletown, martha's 
vineyard, incorporated by _go- 
vernour lovelace of new york. iii. 
85. y 

John Morton instructs the first 
town school in plymouth, which 
is just opened, M to read, write, 
and cast accounts." iv. 86. 

T. Mayhew obtains a commis- 
sion from new york to govern 
martha's vineyard and the eliza- 
beth islands, iii. 85. 

1672. Laws first enacted in plymouth 
colony regarding schools. There 
is nothing in its records on this 
subject of a previous date. iii. 
173. iv. 80. 

R. Bellingham and J. Leverett 
chosen governour and deputy go- 
vernour of mass, vi. 610. 

Free school is opened in ply- 
month colony, supported by the 
profits of the cape cod fishery, iv. 
80. 81. 

Rev. C. Chauncey, president 
VOL. X. 29 

of harvard college, dies. vi. 

Tar seems to have been made 
in considerable quantity at ply- 
mouth. iii. 187. 188. 

R. Bellingham dies governour 
of massachusetts. vi. 610. 
1673. Major J. Leverett chosen go- 
vernour of massachusetts. vi. 
611. 612. 

M.Colve, sailing under a dutch 
commission, surprises and cap- 
tures new netherlands. vi. 612. 

June 5. Weather is so cold, as 
to freeze water in new england. 
vi. 648. 

Governour Prince, of plymouth 
colony, dies. x. 63. 
1674 Feb. 9. New Netherlands re- 
turns to the english by the treaty 
of Westminster, vi. 667. 

May 27. J. Leverett chosen 
governour of mass. vi. 612. 

300 families, or 1500 indians, in 
duke's county, iii. 91. 92. 

300 families of indians on mar- 
tha's vineyard and chappaquid- 
dick. iii. 66. 

1674 and 5. Indian troubles in Vir- 
ginia, which lead to bacon and 
ingram's rebellion, i. 80. 

1675. May 12. J. Leverett chosen 
governour of mass. vi. 612. 

June 21 [Dr. Holmes says 
June 24.] The war with king 
philip, which had threatened new 
england four years, begins : a 
general combination of indians 
against the english. i. (xx'ix ) iii. 
86. vii. 156. 

1675 and 6. Marlborough, massachu- 
setts, partly destroyed by the in- 
dians. vi. 592. 

1676. March 10. The king sum- 
monses massachusetts to appear 
by their agents at Whitehall, that 
the claims of capt. mason and 
sir f. gorges may be determined : 
mr. w. stoughton and mr. p. 
buckley were sent agents, and re^ 
mained nearly three years, re- 
turning in 1679. vi. 613. 614. 

April 18. Indians attack sud- 
bury, massachusetts, kill many 
persons, and do much other dam- 
age, iv. 56. 57. 



May 3. J. Leverett chosen 
governour of massachusetts. vi. 

May 8. Indians do much dam- 
age at bridgewater, massachu- 
setts. vii. 150. 

June. The fish in a pond at 
watertown die suddenly without 
any assigned cause, vi. 648. 

Nov. A destructive fire in 
boston, which burns the meeting 
house at the north end of the 
town. vi. 648. 

Canal across cape cod contem- 
plated, viii. 192. 

Bacon, the leader of the rebel- 
lion in Virginia, about this time 
burns, at Jamestown, the first 
church built in that colony, i. 
54. 80. 

1676. 1689, 1702, 1721, 1730, 1752, 
1764, 1776, and 1792. The small- 
pox in boston. A sixth part die 
of those who have it naturally ; 
and one two-hundredths of those 
by inoculation, i. 109. 

1677. May 27. J. Leverett chosen 
governour of massachusetts. vi. 

Dr. Thatcher, a clergyman and 
physician, publishes a tract on 
medicine, the first, on that sub- 
ject, in new england. i. 105. 

A brick building erected for 
harvard college, by subscription, 
vi. 610. 

About this time roger williams 
publishes a book against the qua- 
kers. v. 209. 

1678. May 8. Simon Bradstreet and 
Thomas Danforth chosen govern- 
our and deputy governour of 
massachusetts. vi. 612. 

Sir William Berkeley dies go- 
vernour of Virginia, which office 
he had held from 1640. i. 80. 

A dry dock at charlestown, 
massachusetts. ii. 166. 

The town of nantucket was 
begun, iii. 34. 

1679. March 16. J. Leverett, go- 
vernour of massachusetts, dies, 
vi. 611. viii. 44. 

Aug. 5. [Dr. Holmes says 
8.] A very destructive fire at 
boston, vi. 649. 

Sept. 18. Sir William Jones, i 

king's attorney general, reports 
against the claim of captain ma- 
son vs. massachusetts. vi. 621. 
[Dr. Holmes thinks that in regard 
to maine, a purchase was effected 
by massachusetts of captain ma- 
son in 1677 ; but, it seems, there 
was a judicial determination be- 
sides. See vi. 614 et seq ] 
1679 and 80. A synod at boston, vi. 
622. 623. 
i 1680. Synod agrees upon a confession 
of faith for the churches. vi. 
I 1682. General Court of Massachu- 
| setts grants £50 to rev' william 

hubbard, for compiling history of 
new england. ii. 281. 

Destructive fire at boston, vi. 

Joseph Dudley and J. Richards 
sent to england, agents of massa- 
chusetts colony, vi. 614. 

Edward Cranfield arrives with 
a commission from the king to 
govern new hampshire. vi. 614. 

1683. Charles II. appoints commis- 
sioners to examine the claims to 
the narraganset country, iv. 160. 

1683 and 4. Freemen in plymouth 
are 55. iii. 170. 

1684. S. Bradstreet governour of 
massachusetts. iv. 203. 

1685. Joseph Dudley, president, with 
a council of sixteen persons, ap- 
pointed by james ii. to govern 
massachusetts, maine, new hamp- 
shire, and narraganset ; whose 
powers are objected to in massa- 
chusetts. viii. 180. 

Plymouth colony is divided in- 
to three counties, i. (vii.) 

Plymouth county is incorpo- 
rated, vii. 161. 

Mr. Gookin delivers the indian 
lecture at natick this year. ii. 
111. f 

The laws of plymouth colony 
are revised and published. i. 

1686. Charter of massachusetts is 
taken away. iv. 160. 

Dec. 19. Sir Edmund Andros, 
as royal governour of massachu- 
setts, arrives, and the next day 
lands at boston, ii. 260. viii. 



Massachusetts privileges usurp- 
ed by sir ed. andros. x. 25. 

March. Boston harbour is fro- 
zen over. ii. 99. 

A custom in massachusetts is, 
that all males go out on military 
days ; those not having guns, to 
take pikes, etc. ; the officer to 
i pray before and after the exer- 
cises, ii. 107. 

Rev. J. Eliot has made a prac- 
tice of having an indian lecture 
delivered to the natick tribe every 
summer, ii. 108. 

Rochester incorporated by ply- 
mouth colony, iv; 250. x. 37. 

Representation and power of 
levying taxes strongly connected 
in the minds of massachusetts 
people at this period, viii. 179. 
1687. Peltry and furs, to this period, 
are the chief articles of export 
from plymouth. iii. 189. 

Plymouth town votes the fol- 
lowing prices for grain : wheat 4s. 
rye and barley 3s. and corn 2s. 6d. 
a bushel, iii. 188. 

1689. Revolution in massachusetts 
against the usurpations of sir ed. 
andros, and the charter resumed. 
x. 25. 25. 

Freemen in plymouth are 75. 
iii. 170. 

Small pox in boston, i. 109. 

1690. The expedition commanded 
by sir william phips, after ap- 
pearing before quebec, abandons 
its object and returns to new eng- 
land. It consisted of 2,000 men, 
principally pressed in new eng- 
land for the service. Small-pox, 
want of ammunition, false intelli- 
gence, etc. occasioned the mis- 
carriage of the expedition, which 
cost massachusetts £50,000, for 
the payment of which paper bills 
were first issued by the massachu- 
setts colony, iii. 255 to 260. 

1691. Sir Henry Ashurst, Increase 
Mather, and J. Wiswall, appoint- 
ed agents of plymouth colony to 
england to procure a charter, iii. 

1692. The charter of william and | 
mary to massachusetts arrives, 
and annexes martha's vineyard 
and other islands to that colony. 

They had been under the jurisdic- 
tion of new york. iii. 87. 

Plymouth colony becomes a 
part of massachusetts, under the 
charter of william and mary. x. 

Two deputies first sent by ply- 
mouth to massachusetts legisla- 
ture, held at boston, june 8, un- 
der the new charter, iii. 190. 

The episcopalian church in bos- 
ton [king's chapel, built in 1688 — 
hist. coll. first series, index.] the 
only one of that denomination in 
massachusetts. ii. 203. 

Proceedings in massachusetts 
against the witches, iv. 160. 

Sir William Phips arrives as 
governour of massachusetts, un- 
der the charter of william and 
mary. iii. 190 x. 26. 

Boston representatives reduced 
from 4 to 2 ; but the number was 
altered by statute to 4, which con- 
tinued till the revolution in 1775. 
x 26. 

1692. 1723, 1729, 1731, 1734, and 
1735. Acts passed in massachu- 
setts exempting episcopalians, 
anabaptists and quakers from 
taxes for the support of the con- 
gregational or " established " 
church, ii. 202. 205. 

1692 to 1735. Acts passed in massa- 
chusetis during- this period for the 
support of the ministry, ii. 202. 

1693. Colonel Fletcher, governour of 
new york, attempts to establish 
the episcopal church in that colo- 
nv, which produces much excite- 
ment, i. 141. 143. 

1694. June. The house of represen- 
tatives of massachusetts pass an 
important act, declaring their 
powers, amongst others, to be the 
same with those of the british 
house of commons, in originating 
money bills, etc. viii. 326. 327. 

1695. Martha's Vineyard, the eliza- 
beth islands, and noman's land, 
separated from nantucket and 
made duke's county by the legis- 
lature of massachusetts. iii. 88. 

1696. There are 88 churches in massa- 
chusetts. 1 church in rhode island, 
5 churches in new hampshire, 3 



churches in maine, & 36 churches 
in Connecticut; in all 133 
churches in new england ; to 
supply which there are 123 pas- 
tors, i. (xxvi.) 

1697. Rev. Mr. Angier, formerly 
minister at rehoboth, is settled at 
waltham by public vote and with- 
out the assistance of the clergy, 
excepting one of that body, who 
acted as moderator iii. 275. 276. 

1698. There are 1000 indians in 
duke's county, iii. 92. 

1700. Jesuits and popish priests are 
forbidden by the legislature of 
new york to preach in that colo- 
ny, under penalty of perpetual 
imprisonment, and, in certain 
cases, of death, to prevent their 
seducing the indians to the french 
Canadian interest, i. 143. 

1701. May 26. Boston instructs its 
representatives to use exertions 
for the abolition of slavery, viii. 
184. [An act for this purpose had 
passed the massachusetts legisla- 
ture in the time of governour win- 
throp, viz. in 1646, »' bearing wit- 
ness against the heinous and cry- 
ing sin of man stealing." See 
mass. col. laws, 53.] 

June. The first society of 
friends was formed at nantucket. 
iii. 32. 

1702. Small-pox in boston, i. 109. 

1705. Brookline, massachusetts, in- 
corporated, ii. 145. 

1706. First town school house in ply- 
mouth, now a part of massachu- 
setts. iv. 81. iv. 88. 

July 13. Governour, council 
and representatives of massachu- 
setts commit to prison w. rous, s. 
vetch and others, for illegally trad- 
ing with the french and indians ; 
whereupon a writ of habeas cor- 
pus is demanded of chief justice 
sewall, and refused by him. viii. 
240. 241. 

1707. Fitz-John Winthrop, governour 
of Connecticut, dies. iv. 161. 

1708. Aug. 29. Indians and french 
from montreal do great damage at 
haverhill, massachusetts. iv. 129. 

1712. Abington, massachusetts,, in- 
corporated, vii. 114. 

1713. Wheat is 8*. a bushel, and 
flour 35^. a barrel, at boston, viii. 

1714. Chilmark, marlha's vineyard, 
incorporated, iii 88. 

1720. About this time, rev. cotton 
mather causes the introduction 
into new england of inoculation 
for the small-pox, which is first 
performed by dr. zabdiel boyls- 
ton. i. 106. vii. 73. 

Indians in duke's county are 
800. iii. 92. 

Indian corn at plymouth is 4s. 
to 5s. a bushel, iii. 212. 

Witchcraft in mass. x. 7. 

1721. The clergy of massachusetts 
publish pamphlets in favour and 
against inoculation for the small 
pox, which disorder was in bos- 
ton, i. 106. 109. 

An unsuccessful attempt made 
by colonel thomas westbrooke, 
with his troops, to seize father 
rasles, or ralle, at norridgewock ; 
which incenses the indians. viii. 

1722. Rev. Timothy Cutler, the rec- 
tor, and Daniel Brown, the tutor 
of yale college, with the reverend 
messrs. John hart, samuel whit- 
telsey, james wetmore, jared eli- 
ot, and samuel Johnson, Clergy- 
men of the congregational or 
presbyterian order, declare pub- 
lickly their belief of the invalidity 
of any other ordination than the 
episcopal, which pioduces warm 
disputes and astir in the colonies. 
ii. 128. 129. iv. 301. 

Indians capture nine families at 
merry-meeting bay, attack the 
fort at st. george's, and destroy 
brunswick, maine. viii. 254. 

1723. Feb. 24. Great storm and 
tide at plymouth. iii. 192. [This 
is the great storm in new england, 
which dr. holmes has placed un- 
der 1724.] 

1724. Aug. 23. (O. S. 12.) Nor- 
ridgewock indian village destroy- 
ed by the massachusetts soldiers, 
and father ralle, or rasles, is killed 
there, viii. 254. 

Sept. 20. Gurdon Saltonstall, 
governour of Connecticut, dies. 
iv. 161. 173. 



About this time singing, by 
notes, was introduced into the 
churches of mass. iv. 301. 
1727. Five episcopal churches, only, 

in massachusetts. ii. '203. 
1730. Khode Island colony has, in- 
cluding negroes & indians, 17,935 
inhabitants, vii. 113. 

In culation for the small-pox 
introduced at Philadelphia, vii. 

Small-pox in boston, i. 109. 
1732. Savannah, geo. settled, ii 189. 

1734. Halifax, massachusetts, incor- 
porated, iv. 279. 

1735. Destructive fever in boston 
and its vicinity, i. 107. 

1737. Long disputed boundary be- 
tween massachusetts and new 
hampshire settled by commission- 
ers, iv. 127. [Dr. Holmes 
places this under 1740.] 

1736. Jan. 15 Waltham, massachu- 
setts, incorporated, iii. 280. 

1739. Wareham, massachusetts, in- 
corporated, iv. 286. 

1741 . Fifteen missionaries & school- 
masters employed in new york, 
Connecticut, and massachusetts, 
by the society in england for pro- 
pagating the gospel amongst the 
indians. ii. 193. 

Two missionaries and school- 
masters are employed in north 
Carolina by the same society, ii. 

New Hampshire contains about 
27 ministers of the gospel, iv. 79. 

1742. North Hampton, in new hamp- 
shire. is incorporated, iv. 189. 

Indian corn, near plymouth, is 
205. a bushel, iii. 212. 

A Spanish prize, estimated at 
£800,000 old tenor, is sent into 
boston, iv 292. 

1745. Expedition against louisbourg; 
plymouth sends a full company of 
soldiers, iii. 192. 

1746. Indian corn 2s. 8d. a bushel at 
plymouth. iii. 212. 

Several persons killed and oth- 
ers captivated at contoocook, 
now boscawen, new hampshire, 
by the indians. x. 76. 
1747 and 8. Putrid sore throat fatal in 
many towns of massachusetts. 
iii. 216. 

1748. A town meeting in boston de- 
clared illegal because held on the 
training day of the ancient and 
honourable artillery company, 
ii. 185. 

Rhode Island colony contains 
34,128 inhabitants, vii. 113. 

1749. A female negro burnt to death 
at Cambridge, and a male negro 
hung in irons, for poisoning their 
master, ii. 166. 

The settlement of walpole, 
new hampshire, begins. vii. 

1750. Malt houses common in ply- 
mouth to this period, iii. 188. 

1752. Small-pox in boston, i. 109. 

1754. The college in the city of new 
york, now called Columbia, is 
established, i. 152. 

Dr. James Lloyd introduces 
some improvements in surgery, in 
massachusetts. i. 110. 

1754 and 5. The whole number of 
negro slaves in massachusetts, of 
16 years and upwards, is about 
4580. iii. 95. 96. 97. 

1755. Rhode Island contains 46,636 
inhabitants, including 4697 ne- 
groes and indians. vii. 113. 

July 9. Gen. Braddopk is de- 
feated by the french and Indians 
on the banks of the monongahela 
river ; in which battle major 
george Washington distinguishes 
himself, viii. 154. 155. 

1755 to 1770. Three vessels, in the 
whole 470 tons, employed in the 
liverpool trade by plymouth mer- 
chants, iii. 167. 

1758. The presbyteries of new york, 
new jersey, Pennsylvania, mary- 
land and Virginia, unite into a 
synod, called the synod of new 
york and Philadelphia, i. 156. 

Gen. Wolfe reconnoitres louis- 
bourg previous to its second cap- 
ture under ffen. monckton. iii. 
192. B 

1759. The Virginia presbytery con- 
sists of 14 ministers : 

Maryland presbytery consists 
of 11 ministers : 

Pennsylvania presbytery con- 
sists of 29 ministers : 

New Jersey presbytery con- 
sists of 11 ministers : 



New York presbytery consists 
of 35 ministers : 

• The dutch reformed presbytery 
of new York and new jersey con- 
sists of 20 ministers, i. 156. 

Lutheran ministers in new york 
are 2 : 

In new jersey none : 

In Philadelphia about 4. i. 

French protestant ministers in 
new york are 2 : 

In new jersey and Pennsylva- 
nia none. i. 157. 

Independent or congregational 
ministers in new york are 3 : 

In new jersey and Pennsylva- 
nia none. i. 157. 

Baptist ministers in new york 
' are 3 : 

Ln new jersey are 5 : 

In Pennsylvania about 4. i. 

The episcopal ministers in new 
york are 7 : 

In new jersey are 5 : 

In Pennsylvania are about 4. 
i. 157. 

1760. April 22. Boscawen, hillsbo- 
rough county, new hampshire, 
incorporated, x. 76. 

1760 to 1S13. Deaths, disorders, 
persons bred at college during 
this period at brookline. ii. 154. 
et. seq. 

1761. Deaths and disorders at 
edgartown, martha's vineyard, 
iii. 64. 

New Holderness, new hamp- 
shire. incorporated, iii. 116. 

Middlebury, Vermont, incorpo- 
rated, ix. 123. 

1762. Missionaries maintained in 
america by the society in eng- 
land for propagating the gospel 
etc. are 85, who receive about 
£3727 in salaries, i. 158. 

Pepperellborough incorporat- 
ed : its name was changed to 
saco in 1803. iv. 185. 

Edward Devotion bequeaths 
$2280.65 to brookline, massachu- 
setts, the interest to be appropri- 
ated to schools, ii. 151. 

1763. Treaty of peace between eng- 
land, france and spain. i. 249. 

Fever carries off nearly all the 

remaining indians at nantucket. 
iii. 36. 

June 14. Indians and mula- 
toes at rnashpee incorporated for 
the choice of overseers, etc. which 
act was repealed in June 13, 1788. 
iii. 9. 10. 

July 5. Lancaster, new hamp- 
shire, incorporated, iii. 103. 

Plymouth, new hampshire, in- 
corporated, iii. 111. 

An english oratio/i introduced 
at the commencement exercises, 
harvard college, i. 249. 

New London, Connecticut, has 
79 sail of vessels ; beino 1 7 sail 
more than in 1774. ii. 212. 

1764. Small-pox in massachusetts, 
which causes a long vacation at 
harvard college, i. 109. 249. 

Hospitals for inoculation for 
the small-pox first established in 
massachusetts. i. 108. 

The expenses of the province 
of massachusetts bay amounted 
to £24,500, of which £1000 
were for bounties on wheat, viii. 
198. 199. 

Indians in duke's county are 
313. iii. 92. 

Plymouth contains 2225 inhab- 
itants, including 77 negroes and 
48 indians. iii. 170. 

Waltham, massachusetts, con- 
tains 107 families, or 663 inhabi- 
tants, and 94 dwellings, iii. 271. 

Duke's county contains 394 
families, or 2300 white inhabi- 
tants ; and 46 negroes and 313 
indians. iii. 88. 

Sept. Bridgewater contains 
3990 inhabitants, vii. 168. 

1765. New Bedford has only two or 
three small vessels in the whale 
fishery at this period, iii. 18. 

1767. Indians at rnashpee are 271. 
iii. 14. 

New Hampshire contains about 
52,700 inhabitants, divided into 
nine regiments of foot, and one 
of horse guards, 80 justices of the 
peace and 31 representatives. 
iv. 79. 

Minisiers of the gospel in new 
hampshire are 64. iv. 78. 79. 

1768. East Tennessee began to be 
settled by a few persons under 



general robertson ; though it did 
not acquire that name for many 
years after, vii. 58. 

1769. Dec. 22. Landing of the 
pilgrims at plymouth first pub- 
lick ly noticed at that place by 
the old colony club. ill. 176. 

1770. July 3. First dissenting ordi- 
nation performed in nova scotia. 
viii. 281. 

The medical establishment at 
harvard college begun by a be- 
quest of e. hersey ; which was 
made adequate to its object by 
the bequest of j. cummings, Wil- 
liam erving and e. spra^ue, made 
a few years after, i. 116. 

Great storm and tide at ply- 
mouth, iii. 192. 

Wolfborough, new hampshire, 
incorporated, iii. 119. 

1771. The classis of Amsterdam, hol- 
land, resigns its ecclesiastical do- 
minion over the dutch churches 
of new york and new jersey. 
i. 140. 

1772. New York contains 148,124 
inhabitants, i. 147. 

1773. New York has 23 ministers of 
dutch churches, and 24 vacant 
congregations of that denomina- 
tion : 

45 presbyterian ministers, and 
15 vacant churches : 

21 episcopal ministers, and 1 
vacant church : 

3 lutheran ministers, and 10 
vaeant churches : 

12 anabaptist ministers, and 4 
vacant churches : 

2 french protestant churches, 
both vacant : 

2 moravian ministers, and 1 
vacant church : 

17 quaker meeting houses : 

1 synagogue of jews : 

7 baptist separate preachers : 

Roman catholics are prohibited, 
i. 147 to 151. 

Sept. 1. Delegates from the 
consociated churches of Connecti- 
cut and the synod of new york 
and Philadelphia meet in conven- 
. tion at Stanford, and are addressed 
by president stiles, i. 140. 

1774. Rhode Island contains 59,678 
inhabitants, vii. 113. 

The association of congrega- 
tional ministers of Connecticut 
write a letter of encouragement 
to the boston churches, consider- 
ing them as suffering in the cause 
of liberty ; and send relief to 
those suffering under the boston 
port bill. ii. 255. 258. 

New Haven has 108 vessels, in 
the whole 7170 tons, and 756 sea- 
men : its imports from great bri- 
tain are about £4000 sterling, 
and purchases at boston about 
£40,000 sterling per annum ; its 
foreign trade is to the french west 
india islands, the receipts from 
which are about £3000 sterling 
per annum, and to great britain*, 
only, in europe. ii. 218. 

New London, Connecticut, has 
72 vessels, in the whole 3247 tons, 
and 41)6 seamen, and 20 coasting 
vessels: its trade principally to 
the west indies ; its purchases of 
british goods amount to £150,000 
or £160,000 sterling per annum ; 
its exports are £70,000 sterling 
ii. 219. 220. 

Sept. 5. The first continental 
congress is organized at Philadel- 
phia : peyton randolph is chosen 
president, and charles thompson 
secretary, ii. 221. 

Each colon v to have one vote 
in this congress resolved upon ; 
which is not to be a precedent, 
ii. 221. 

Committees are appointed to 
state american grievances and 
the british acts, that affect ameri- 
can trade and manufactures, ii. 

Sept. 16. Suffolk resolves ar- 
rive by express from boston, and 
are highly applauded by congress, 
ii. 221. 

September. Non-importation 
of british goods and manufac- 
tures, or any goods from great 
britain or Ireland, after dec. 1, re- 
solved on by congress, ii. 221. 

Lord Dunmore, with 1500 Vir- 
ginians, pursues the indians in 
Ohio : he issues a proclamation 
cutting off the county of West- 
moreland from Pennsylvania, ii. 



Montreal, Canada, sends £100 
for the relief of those suffering un- 
der the boston port bill. ix. 161. 
1775. Provincial congress sits at 
Cambridge and watertown. iii. 

April 18. British troops un- 
der col. smith, leave boston to 
destroy american stores at con- 
cord, ii. 224. 

April 19. Battles between the 
british and american troops at 
lexington and concord, massachu- 
setts. ii. 224. iii. 234. 

April 19. Charlestown, massa- 
chusetts nearly abandoned : the 
inhabitants return in 1776. ii. 

June 17. Battle of bunker's or 
breed's hill ; col. prescott com- 
manding the american, and lord 
howe the british troops, ii. 167. 

June 17. Charlestown, massa- 
chusetts, is burnt by the british 
troops, ii. 167. 

July. Gen. G. Washington, 
with a commission from congress 
to be commander in chief of the 
troops of the american colonies, 
arrives at Cambridge to take the 
command, x.3. 

Nov. 12. Gen. Montgomery 
takes montreal, with its shipping 
etc. ii. 238. 

Dec. 31. Gen. Montgomery 
assaults quebec, and is killed 
within the pickets, ii. 244. 

Small-pox in boston, i. 109. 

2000 persons inoculated for 
the small-pox by drs. rand and 
hay ward, near boston, i. 108. 

Dr. Benjamin Church is made 
director of the continental hospi- 
tal, and superseded by dr. mor- 
gan, i. 111. 

Cherokee indians convey ken- 
tucky country to col. henderson, 
which was taken possession of in 
1779 by gen. robertson. vih 62. 

Hillsborough county, new Hamp- 
shire, contains 15,986 inhabitants. 

Lancaster, new hampshire, con- 
tains 61 inhabitants, iii. 105. 

Plymouth, new hampshire, con- 
tains 382 inhabitants, iii. 113. 

New Holderness, new hamp- 
shire, contains 172 inhabitants, 
iii. 116. 

Wolfborough, new hampshire, 
contains 211 inhabitants, iii. 

Middletown, new hampshire, 
contains 233 inhabitants, iii. 

New Bedford, msssachusetts, 
has 40 or 50 vessels employed in 
the whale fishery, when the war 
puts an end to the business, iii. 

1776. March 2. The americans be- 
gin the bombardment of boston, 
viii. 294. 

Plymouth contains 2655 white 
inhabitants, iii. 170. 

Duke's county contains 482 
families, or 2822 white inhabi- 
tants, and 59 negroes, iii. 88. 

Waltham, massachusetts, con- 
tains 870 inhabitants, iii. 271. 

Expedition against ticonderoga 
and crown point, under general 
thomas. x. 3. 

Inhabitants return to charles- 
town, massachusetts. ii. 167. 

Dysentery fatal throughout 
most of the united colonies, iii. 
1776 to 1782. Canada cost great 
britain 1,299,519£. 19s. 6 l-2d. 
sterling, iii. 122. 

1777. Sept. 19. Battle between the 
americans under general gates, 
and the british troops under gene- 
ral burgoyne, at stillwater, Sara- 
toga county, new york ; the for- 
mer successful, iii. 237. 

Washington county, north Ca- 
rolina, is formed, comprising what 
is now east tennessee. vii. 61. 

American expedition against 
the british troops on long island, 
which is successful, ii. 227. 

1778. The british and hessian troops, 
who had been taken prisoneis at 
the battle of Saratoga, are station- 
ed at charlestown, massachusetts. 
ii. 168. 

Middletown, new hampshire, 
incorporated, iii. 121. 

Aug. 29. Battle on rhode isl- 
and between the amorican and 
british forces, iv. 302. 



1779. April. General Robertson, 
with a few others, establishes 
himself near the present site of 
nashville, tennessee. Lexington, 
kentucky, was then a new settle- 
ment, vii. 63. 

June 20. General Lincoln at- 
tacks the british troops at, stono 
ferry, near Charleston, south Caro- 
lina, iii. 240. 

June 23. Cummington, massa- 
chusetts, incorporated, x. 44. 

July 16. Stony point taken by 
assault by americans under gene- 
ral wayne. ii. 227. 

Sept. Convention is held at 
Cambridge to form the constitu- 
tion of massachusetts, which was 
adopted the following year, and 
abolishes slavery, vii. 162. 

British general grey carries off 
from martha's vineyard 120 oxen 
and 10,000 sheep, american pro- 
perty, iii. 89. 

Oct. 9. American and french 
troops, the former under general 
lincoln, and the latter under 
counts d'estaing and dillon, after 
some days siege, ineffectually at- 
tack savannah, georgia, in which 
they lose count pulaski, who is 
mortally wounded, iii. 242. 

New London, new hampshire, 
incorporated, viii. 175. 

Winter extremely severe in the 
mississippi valley, vii. 64. 
1730. The American Academy of 
Arts and Sciences is incorporated 
in massachusetts. i. 112. 

April 10. East Sudbury, mas- 
sachusetts, incorporated, iv. 53. 

May 12. General Lincoln, in 
Charleston, south Carolina, capitu- 
lates to the english forces under 
sir h. clinton and admiral arbuth- 
not. iii. 244. 

Dr. J. Warren, professor of har- 
vard college, delivers the first lec- 
ture, in massachusetts, on anato- 
my, i. 111. 

At plymouth, massachusetts, 
indian corn is 2s. Ad. and rye As. 
a bushel ; beef 2 l-2d. and pork 
Ad. a pound, iii. 212. 
1781. Oct. Colonel Scammel dies 
of a wound received at the siege 
of yorktown. iv. 96. 
VOL. X. 30 

General Lincoln is made secre- 
tary of war, by congress. iii. 

Massachusetts Medical Society 
is established, but not organized 
till the following year. i. 112. 
134. , 
1781 to 1815. Bill of moitality in 
kingston, massachusetts, during 
this period, iii. 218. 

1782. First licentiate in medicine in 
massachusetts. i. .113. 

Canada costs great britain 
1,299,519£ VJs. 6 \-M. sterling 
to this year from 1776. iii. 122. 

1783. Duke's county contains 522 
families, or 3056 white inhabi- 
tants, iii. 89. 

Waltham, massachusetts, con- 
tains 698 inhabitants, iii. 271. 

Plymouth, massachusetts, con- 
tains 23b0 inhabitants, including 
35 negroes, iii. 170. 

Rhode island contains 51,869 
inhabitants, being several thou- 
sands less than in 1774. vii. 

1785. March. « The Plymouth Jour- 
nal" printed at plymouth, its 
first newspaper, iii. 177. 

Great storm and tide at ply- 
mouth. iii. 192. 

Charlestown contains 150 build- 
ings and 550 inhabitants. ii. 

1785 to 1806. Deaths and disorders 
in Edgartown, martha's vineyard, 
iii. 65. 

1785 to 1807. No young man dies of 
consumption in edgartown, mar- 
tha's vineyard ; not so of the fe- 
males, iii. 65. 

1786. Charlestown bridge to boston 
completed, to the surprise of 
many. ii. 172. 

Mr. Reed, at bridgewater, in- 
vents a machine for cutting nails, 
vii. 119. 

Rebellion in massachusetts, 
headed by shays and day. iii. 
246. x. 79. 

1787. Rebellion in massachusetts un- 
der shays and day. which is quell- 
ed by massachusetts army. iii. 

246. : 

The management of the funds 
belonging to the scotch society 



for promoting Christianity in for- 
eign parts, is transferred to mas- 
sachusetts. ii. 45. 

Nov. Massachusetts Society 
for propagating the Gospel 
amongst the Indians, incorpo- 
rated by the legislature of mas- 
sachusetts. ii. 46. 

Maiden bridge built, ii. 167. 

1788. Convention sits at boston for 
the adoption of the federal consti- 
tution, vii. 161. 

The legislature of massachu- 
setts recommends a collection to 
be made in all the churches, for 
the benefit of the society for pro- 
pagating the gospel amongst the 
indians. $1561 were collected, 
ii. 46. 
1788 to 1806. Deaths, marriages, etc. 
at chilmark, martha's vineyard, 
iii. 65. 

1788 to 1815. Deaths and baptisms 
at kingschapel, boston, iii. 291. 

1789. Massachusetts Medical Society 
is authorized, by the legislature, 
to point out a course of studies to 
be pursued by medical students, 
i. 113. 

1789 to 1814. Births, deaths, valua- 
tion, etc. in charlestown, massa- 
chusetts. ii. 182. 183. 

1790. Duke's county contains 3265 
white inhabitants, iii. 89. 

Carver, massachusetts, incor- 
porated, iv. 271. 

Haverhill, massachusetts, con- 
tains 2408 inhabitants, iv. 138. 

Lancaster, new Hampshire, 
contains 161 inhabitants. iii. 

1791. Massachusetts Historical Soci- 
ety instituted, i. 138. 

Massachusetts Humane Socie- 
ty incorporated, i. 121. 

1792. At Leipsig fair there were 2227 
new books produced, whereof 
1411 were entirely new produc- 
tions, viii. 274. 

In Saxony, out of 2,000,000 
people, there are 700 authors liv- 
ing, viii. 274. 

German authors living are 
4000. viii. 274. 

Small pox in boston, i. 109. 
1795. United States, by general 

wayne, make a treaty with the 
western indians, called the treaty 
of granville, or greenville. ii. 4. 

Strong and violent party divi- 
sions in the united states, occa- 
sioned by the treaty (mr. jay's) 
with great britain. ii. 176. 

Brookfield, new hampshire, in- 
corporated, iii. 120. 
1797. Dr. Belknap discovers the cel- 
lar of a store-house erected by 
bartholomew gosnold in 1 602, on 
cutty hunk, one of the elizabeth 
islands, iii. 78. 

1799. Dr. Jenner's discovery of vac- 
cination is transmitted to the 
united states, i. 121. 

Dec. 14. General Washington 
dies. ii. 173. 

1800. Feb. 22. Congress sets apart 
this day to commemorate the 
death of general Washington, ii. 

A navy yard is located at 
charlestown, massachusetts. ii. 

New Hampshire contains 183,- 
858 inhabitants; — 472 justices 
of the peace, 92 attornies at law, 
and 129 ministers of the gospel, 
iv. 79. 

Vaccination is first performed 
in the united states by dr. benja- 
min waterhouse. i. 122. 

1802. Experiments made by physi- 
cians, under the direction of the 
boston board of health, result de- 
cidedly in favor of vaccination, 
i. 123. 

Mashpee contains 380 indians 
in 80 dwellings, few if any of 
whom are of pure blood, iii. 4. 

1803. Middlesex canal, massachu- 
setts, opened, ii. 174. 

United States' marine hospital 
erected at charlestown, massachu- 
setts. ii. 175. 

Chelsea bridge and salem turn- 
pike constructed, ii. 171. 

1804. Oct. 9 and 10. A hurricane 
destroys many timber and other 
trees in massachusetts. iii. 166. 
vii. 114. 

1805. New Bedford has 73 ships and 
39 brigs, iii. 19. 

Massachusetts state prison, at 
charlestown, erected, ii. 175. 



1806. Massachusetts has 450,061 tons 
of shipping. Hi. 122. 

1 806 and 7. State of thermometer at 
nantucket and salem. ii. 22. 

1807. Boston athenaeum established, 
i. 139. 

Duke's county contains 350 in- 
dians, a few only of whom are of 
pure blood, iii. 93. 94. 

Plainfield, massachusetts, incor- 
porated, viii. 172. 

Indians on nantucket are two 
men, and six women, iii. 36. 

1808. Massachusetts Pharmacopoeia 
published by drs. j. jackson. and 
j. c. warren, i. 115. 

Mashpee contains 357 indians, 
of impure blood, iii. 4. 

Dec. 10. Governour J. Sulli- 
van dies. i. 254. 

1809. Medical lectures are transfer- 
red from Cambridge to boston, i. 
115. * 

Tyngsborough, massachusetts, 
incorporated, iv. 196. 

1810. May 9. General Lincoln dies, 
iii. 250. 

Jonathan Lambert, an american, 
becomes the first settler of the 
island of tristan d'acunha. ii. 125. 

1811. Rev. Wm. Emerson, of boston, 
dies. i. 256. 

1812. Narraganset indians are 150. 
ii. 47. 

June 9. Rev. J. S. Buckmin- 
ster dies. ii. 271. 

1813. Rev. Dr. John Eliot, of boston, 
dies. i. 226. 

The first instance of the dis- 
charge of a cargo, at ply mouth, 
of a vessel from beyond the cape 
of good hope. iii. 197. 

The choctaw squaws manufac- 
ture 18,000 or 20,000 yards of 
cloth, ii. 22. 

1814. British ships burn vessels at 
wareham, mass. iv. 288. 

The general court of massachu- 
setts, to encourage the publication 
of hubbards's history of new eng- 
land, purchase some hundreds of 
copies, ii. 281. 

Indians in the united states, 
west of the alleghany mountains, 
are estimated at 70,115, of whom 
18,204 are warriors, ii. 20. 

Indians in lower louisiana, be- 

tween the rivers arkansaw and rio 
del norte, are estimated at 53,890, 
of whom, 15,720 are warriors, ii. 

Indians between the arkansaw 
and missouri rivers are estimated 
at 37,839, of whom 10,152 are 
warriors, ii. 39. 

Indians west of the mississippi, 
and north of the missouri river and 
the lakes, in the united states, are 
estimated at 15,900, of whom 
4100 are warriors, ii. 44 j and the 

Indians in the british territory, 
within the same bounds, are esti- 
mated at 35,550, of whom 9800 
are warriors, ii. 44. 

1142 children instructed at the 
primary and other town schools 
in charlestown, mass. ii. 184. 

1815. Sept. 28. (Sept. 23. See x. 
45.) Great gale in new england. 
iv. 264. 265. 

New Hampshire contains 144 
ministers of the gospel, 162 attor- 
nies at law, 1004 justices of the 
peace, 184 representatives, 37 reg- 
iments of militia, iv. 79. 

Indians at herring pond, ply- 
mouth, are about 50, and of mixed 
blood, iii. 201. iv. 302. 

Plymouth contains 409 dwell- 
ings, iii. 168. 

1816. Deaths in boston are 904. vii. 

Feb. 29. Rev. Peter Whitney 
dies. vii. 177. 

1817. Deaths in boston are 907. viii. 
40. 41. 

1818. March 17. Rev. J. McKean, 
D. D. LL. D. dies. viii. 164. 

April 25. Caleb Gannett, Esq. 
dies. viii. 279. 

1819. July 8. Hon. W. Tudor dies, 
viii. 285. 

1821. There are 131 persons more 
than 70 years old in Rochester, 
massachusetts, being one thirtieth 
of its population, x. 39. 

Jan. 10. Hon. Joshua Thomas 
dies. x. 1. 

Sept. Hon. James Winthrop 
dies. x. 77. 

1822. Oct. 3. William Danbridge 
Peck, Esq. professor of natural 
history in harvard college, dies, 
x. 161. 




P. stands for Prince. 

Abarginny men. ii. 66. 

Abbamocho, a god among indians. ii. 

Abbot, rev. hull, minister of charles- 
town. ii. 171. 

Abbot, rev. thomas. ii. 178. 

Abbot, rev. abiel, of haverhill, dismiss- 
ed, iv. 146, 

Abbot, abiel. iv. 144. 

Abbot, benjamin, 11. d. principal of 
exeter academy, ii. 271. 

Abbot, daniel. vii. P. 4. 

Abbot's run. x. 171. 

Abbot, amos. x. 179. 

Abbot, reuben. x. 180. 

Abenaki, or wapanachki, indians, 
meaning of. ix. 240. 

Abington, massachusetts, account of. 
vii.° 114. • its boundaries, incorpo- 
ration, timber, good grazing town, 
called " little comfort," origin of 
its name. 114. 115. 117. effects 
of hurricane in. 114. 115. its 
markets. 115. its orchards and 
cider. 116. its mills, roads, milita : 
ry, manufactories and schools. 118. 
its manufactory of tacks. 119. its 
population, deaths, and ecclesiasti- 
cal history. 120. 121. its history. 
121. its indian name. 122. incor- 
porated. 123. 146. its settlement 
begun. 123. origin of its inhabi- 
tants. 123. 

Abnakis, indian language, father ras- 
les' dictionary of, seized and placed 
in harvard college library, viii. 253. 

Absaroka Indians, their number, resi- 
dence and warriors, ii. 36. 

Academies in hillsboro' county, new 
hampshire. vii. 70. 

Acadie. iv. 158. its copper, v. 24. 
See acady, and laccady. vii. 78. 

Acadians. iii. 194. 

Acady, disputes about, vi. 478. see 

Aeamake shore, Virginia, its settle- 
ment, named northampton county, 
ix. 111. 

Acawmuck, or accomeek, its meaning, 

name of a county in Virginia, iii. 175. 

ix. 111. 
Acco-kesaws, indians, their number, 

residence and language, ii. 25. 
Accomack, i. 46i-47. 57. (xx.) 
Accometicus. v. 14. 
Accord pond. iv. 220. vii. 115—117. 
Accord pond shares, vii. 122. 
Account of providence, rhode island, 
probably by Stephen hopkins. ix. 
Accusations against massachusetts 
before the king and council, v. 
Accushnet river, iv. 303. 
Ackanootus, an indian. iv. 293. 
Ackers, John. ii. 144. 
Ackers, John, jun. ii. 144. 
Ackers, william. ii. 144. 
Acorns, manner of planting, i. 192. 
Act of uniformity, i. (xxix.) 
Act of massachusetts historical socie- 
ty, i. 1. 
Act respecting french protestants. i. 

Act incorporating mashpee indians. 

iii. 9. 
Act of privileges of massachusetts, 
1694, claiming the same that belong 
to the british house of commons for 
its house of representatives, viii. 
326. 327. 
Acts for the support of episcopacy in 

new york. i. 143. 144. 
Acts respecting plymouth schools, iv. 

Acts respecting mashpee indians. iii. 

Acts, private, to be pleaded, viii. 242. 
Acushnet river, iii. 18. 19. 
Adam's chair, iii. 267. 268. 
Adams, rev. zabdiel, of lunenburg. i. 

Adams, Chester, ii. 181. 182. 
Adams, nathan. ii. 181. 
Adams, henry, ii. 178. 179. 180. 181. 
Adams, ashur. ii. 181. 
Adams, benjamin, ii. 181. 
Adams, hon. John, his dissertation on 
canon and civil law. i. (xxvii.) 
president of the united states, viii. 



286. x. 64. his letter to j. tudor. 
991. his letters from congress at 
Philadelphia to w. tudor. 309. 311. 

Adams, rev. eliphalet, of taunton and 
new london. iv. 86. extract from 
bis funeral sermon on governour 
saltonstall. 169* 

Adams, rev. Joseph, of newington, 
new hampshire. iv. 78. x. 176. 

Adams, rev. John, of durham, new 
hampshire. iv. 78. 

Adams, rev. Joseph, jun. of stiatham, 
new hampshire. iv. 78. 

Adams, . iii. 66. 

Adams, . a distiller in lancas- 

ter,new hampshire. iii. 100. 

Adams, samuel, lieutenant governour 
of massachusetts. iii. 249. his de- 
scription of rev. samuel fothergill's 
prayer, viii. 189: ^x. 28. 29. 

Adams, rev. phineas, of haverhill, his 
character, iv. 150. 

Adams, phineas, esq. iv. 150, 169. 

Adams, mrs. iv. 244. si 

Adams, John, of plymouth. iv. 244. 

Adams, james. iv. 244. 

Adams, thomas, assistant.*21. 124. 
viii. 97. 

Adams, samuel, of ipswich. viii. 107. 

Adams, . viii. 236. 

Adams, hugh, quoted, viii. 256. 

Addaire indians, their residence, num- 
ber, and language, ii. 24. 

Addington, isaac, of boston, iv. 236. 
x. 25. secretary of massachusetts. 
viii. 240. 242. 305. 

Address of massachusetts company to 
the church of england, from on 
board the arbella. v. 126. 

Address of massachusetts to charles ii. 
on his restoration, vi. 557. 

Addresses before massachusetts hu- 
mane society, list of. i. 121. 

Addresses from rhode island colony to 
charles ii. and earl clarendon about 
charter rights, vii. 98 — 109. 

Adelung, professor, one of the authors 
of the mithridates. ix. 231. 

Adelung, hon. frederick, one of the 
authors of the mithridates. ix. 231. 
x. 192. his survey of all known 
languages and their dialects re- 
ferred to. x. 150. 

Administrators first authorized in 
massachusetts to sell lands for pay- 
ment of debts, vi. 592. 

Admiralty court in england, a ship 
seized in boston harbour under a 
pretended commission from, which 
produces disturbances, vi. 474. 475. 

Admiralty, a court of in massachu- 
setts, 1666. viii. 101. 

Adultery punished by death in massa- 
chusetts. vi. 426. 

Adultery with another's wife punished 
in massachusetts by the death of 
both parties, vii. P. 35. 

Advertisement to dr. edward's obser- 
vations on the mohegan language, 
by j. pickering. x. 81 — 84. 

Africa has 276 languages, ix. iii. 

Agamenticus granted to capt. cham- 
pernoon and mr. gorges, v. 224. 

. made a corporation, vi. 467. or 
york, maine, comes under the juris- 
diction of massachusetts. vi. 543. 

Aganemo, sachem of the nianticks, 
comes to boston, v. 254. 255. 

Agar, william, sworn a freeman of 
massachusetts. vii. P. 29. 

Agawam. i. (iv.) or ipswich, saga- 
moreship of, named essex. iii. 142. 
its settlement, v. 155. u simple 
cobler of," -extract • from, vi. 624. 
ordered to be planted by j. win- 
throp,jun. vii. P. 84. who begins 
to plant it; names of its ten first 
settlers. P. 86. its tax. viii. 230. 

Agawam, now ipswich, sagamore of, 
forbidden to enter english houses, 
vii. P. 31. his wigwam attacked 
by tarratines, or eastern indians. P. 
32. 33. 

Agawam, or Springfield, settled, v. 

Agawam, now westfield river, x. 41. 

Agawam, plymouth colony, its bounds 
settled, iii. 187. leased and sold. 
188. iii. 162. iv. 293. 294. 296. 
now wareham. iv. 285. 

Agawam brook, in plymouth colony, 
iii. 175. 164. iv. 286. 

Agawam, or agawaam, lands appropri- 
ated to plymouth schools, iv. 86. 

Ager, Jonathan, viii. 106. 

Ager, alger, or auger, vii. 151. 155. 

Agissawamg indians. ii. 66. 

Agriculture begun by massachusetts 
people, iii. 129. 132. its increase, 
iv. 35. 

Ague, cure of. x. 182. 

Agues, shaking, early in massachu- 
setts.* iv. 102. 





Alabama indians, tHeir language, num- 
ber and residence, ii. 18. 26. 
Alabama river, ii. 19. 
Alarum given in massachusetts to try 
the soldiers who were preparing for 
indian war. vii. P. 67. 

Albany, or aurania fort. v. 18. ac- 
count of. vii. 674. 

Albemarle frigate, iii. 195. 
Alcibiades, a mistake of raphael in 
painting, iii. 229. 

Alcock, job, lieutenant at york. vi. 

Alcock, george. vii. P. 4. sworn 
freeman of massachusetts. vii. P. 
29. deacon of dorchester and rox- 
bury churches, then united, vii. 
P. 64. viii. 232. 

Alden, John. iv. 220. vii. 137. 138. 
assistant at plymouth colony, vii. 
153. P. 83. arrested at boston, 
v. 167. x. 57. 60. 61. 62. 63. 65. 68. 

Alden, judah. x. 62. 

Alden, capt. John. x. 63. 69. 

Alden, david. x. 63. 

Alden, col. ichabod. x. 64. 

Alden, samuel. x. 63. 64. 

Alden, Jonathan, x. 64. 

Alden, rev. timothy, vii. 169. 

Alden. rev. timothy, jun. quoted iii. 
35. 201. his letter on earthquakes 
in new england. iv. 70. his letter 
respecting the indian names of white 
hills and pascataqua. ii. 266. his 
epitaphs referred to. x. 56. 

Alden, Joseph. vii. 148. 150. 153. 
x. 63. 

Alden, isaac. vii. 148. 

Alden, John. vii. 150. 159. 

Alden, . vii. 123. 

Alder brook iii. 100. 

Aldersey, samuel. viii. 97. 

Aldersly, , subscribes £75 for 

massachusetts colony, v. 122. 

Alderton, John. ix. 38. or allerton, 
isaac. ix. 56. 

Aldrich, John. vii. 149. 

Aleche, or egeish, their residence, 
number, and language, ii. 24. 

Ales. See wakes, vii. P. 77. 

Alewives, a manure, iii. 158. no- 
tice of. iv. 294. 

Aleworth, francis, chosen lieutenant 
at court of assistants, vii. P. 32. 

Alexander, sir william. v. 15, after- 

wards earl of sterling, has nova 
scotia assigned to him. v. 89. sells 
his right to nova scotia to la tour, 
vi. 483. nova scotia granted to. 
ix. 5. 
Alexander, robert. x. 179. 

Alford, john, of chajlestown, his do- 
nation to society for propagating 
the gospel amongst the indians. ii. 
Alger, ager, or augur, vii. 151. 155. 

Alger, ebiezer. vii. 160. 

Alger, abiezer. vii. 160. 

Algonquin indians, their language, ii. 
6. 7. 10—12. 

Al-la-ka-we-ah, or paunche indians, 
their number and residence, ii. 36. 

Allegiance in massachusetts. viii. 48. 
54 5 

Allegiance, form of the oath of, ob- 
served in massachusetts. viii. 73. 

Allegiance, form of the oath of, sent 
by the king's commissioners, col. 
nichols and others, to massachusetts 
general court, vii. 64. 

Allegiance, form of, prescribed by 
general court of massachusetts for 
citizens and magistrates, viii. 74. 

Allegiance, complaints of the king's 
commissioners about, viii. 76. 78. 

Allegiance, form of, in dallon's jus- 
tice, taken by gov. bellingham, &c. 
with a salvo, viii. 88. 91. 

Allegiance, a day of prayer in massa- 
chusetts general court, owing to 
disputes about, viii. 98. 

Allegiance, oath of, required by the 
king to be taken in rhode island, 
vii. 94. 

Allegiance, engagement of in rhode 
island, vii. 96. 

Allegiance altered in rhode island, 
vii. 97. 

Allen, rev. james, of brookline, his 
writings and character, ii. 147. 
148. 153. 156. 

Allen, james. ii. 157. 

Allen, rars. mary, her donation of 
church plate to brookline. ii. 153. 

Allen, . iii. 66. 

Allen, rev. ebenezer, of wolfsborough, 
new hampshire. iii. 120. 

Allen, rev. james, of boston, ii. 101. 
senior fellow of harvard college, 
iv. 64. 

Allen, john, of scituate, iv. 239. 

Allen, — i . iv. 199. 



Allen, rev. thomas, of charlestown. ii. 
171. vii. 41. 

Allen, rev. John, of dedham, arrives, 
vii. 1. 9. answers president chaun- 
cy's antisynodalia. i. 202. 204. vi. 
590. his death, vi. 607. viii. 41. 
viii. 111. 112. 

Allen, . iv. 260. 

Allen, holmes, iii. 10. 

Allen, george. iii. 11. 

Allen, elizabeth. iii. 32. 

Allen, rev. benjamin, of bridgewater. 
iv. 94. and of cape elizabeth. vii. 

Allen, thomas, of norwich. v. 302. 

Allen, capt. bozoun. iv. 108. vi. 417. 
493. vii. 54. 

Allen, edward, of ipswich, his barn 
burnt by lightning, vi. 628. 

Allen, james, a native of bridgewater. 
vii. 170. 

Allen, samuel. vii. 149. 150. 154. 
157. 159. 

Allen, nathaniel. vii. 150. 

Allen, ebenezer. vii. 150. 

Allen, josiah. vii. 150. 

Allen, eluha. vii. 150. 

Allen, nehemiah. vii. 150. 

Allen, capt. Jacob, vii. 154. 150. 

Allen, lieutenant, viii. 156. 

Allen, daniel. x. 26*. 

Allen, bezoun. x. 26. 

Allen, james, of boston, x. 28. 

Allerton, isaac. iii. 164. assistant 
at plymouth colony, v. 67. sent 
to en gland to negotiate a settle- 
ment between the plantation and 
adventurers, v. 98. his trading 
house at machias attacked by la 
tour. v. 163. returns to massa- 
chusetts. vii. P. 30. agent of ply- 
mouth to england, discharged for 
breach of instructions, vii. P. 64 — 
"corrections." sails for england, 
is no longer employed by plymouth 
colony, vii. P. 34. sets up trade 
to kennebeck, to the injury of ply- 
mouth people ; his trading house at 
penobscot broken up, and people 
killed by the french. vii. P. 74 
87. viii. 117. ix. 56. 

Allerton, . iv. 85. 

Allerton's hill. iv. 234. 

Allerton's point, v. 240. vii. P. 62. 

Allerton or alderton. ix. 56. 

Allin, bozoun. See alien. 

Allin, . vii. 29. 

Alluvial soil at middlebury, Vermont, 
ix. 125. 126. 

Allyn, , secretary of Connecti- 
cut, vii. 125. 

Alms-house at boston, i. 126. 

Alsted, his account of wars in ger- 
many very accurate, vii. P. 17. 

Amber found at nantucket. iii. 27. 

Ambrose, ship, rear admiral of the 
fleet for new england. v. 129. 
commanded by capt. John low. 128. 
arrives at salem. 132. vii. P. 10. 
saved by capt. peirce in the lyon. 
v. 140. vii. P. 19. 

America, origin of its name. v. 8. its 
natives less numerous in north than 
in south, v. 29. professor ebe- 
ling's history of referred to. viii. 
270 — 273. 276. reasons showing 
the lawfulness of removing to from 
england. ix. 64. has 1214 lan- 
guages, ix. (iii.) 

American academy of arts and scien- 
ces incorporated, i. 112. 

American museum (carey's) referred 
to. x.81.82. 

American farmer, letters of. iii. 37. 

American recorder, ii. 169. 

American, north, indian languages, 
observations on by j. pickering, esq. 
ix. 223. 

Americus, his discoveric s. v. 8. 

Ames, , presented to plymouth 

court for drunkenness, x. 69. 

Ames, david. vii. 154. 

Ames, doctor, his lawsuit, vii. 154. 

Ames, william. vii. 153. 154. 

Ames, richard. vii. 153. 154. 

Ames, nathaniel. vii. 153. 154. 

Ames, thomas, vii. 153. 154. 

Ames, rev. dr. w. v. 43. vii. 29. 
166. a non-conformist. 118. pro- 
tected by richard brown. 187. 188. 
author of medulla theologias. vii. 

Ames, dr. seth, of amherst, notice of. 
ii. 251. 

Ames, rev. william. vii. 29. 

Ames, John. vii. 157. 158. 138. 149. 
150. 153. 154. 

Ames, thomas. vii. 159. 

Ames, fisher, his descent, vii. 166. 
154. viii. 298. his letter to w. 
tudor about candidates for office in 
congress at new york. viii. 316. 
his letters to w. tudor. viii. 317. 
318. 320. 322. ditto about national 



bank to be established. 322. ditto 
about a theatre, etc. 323. 

Ames, sylvanus. vii. 169. 

Amherst, new hampshire, sketch of by 
john farmer ; its situation and boun- 
daries, ii. 247. its public buildings 
and dwellings-; its ponds ; 248. its 
social library and musical society ; 
its academy ; its schools ; its bank ; 
its inhabitants. 249. courts held 
at; its history; its indian name; 
its first settlers ; its church gather- 
ed, and first minister ordained. 250. 
its injuries by indians. 251. raises 
a company in revolutionary war; 
its first newspaper. 252. its voters ; 
its franklin society. 254. its bill of 
mortality, iv. 73. or souhegan,an 
account of its ministers and church- 
es, viii. 176. 

Amherst journal and new hampshire 
advertiser, ii. 252. 

Amherst, massachusetts, general lin- 
coln, arrives there in pursuit of re- 
bels, iii. 247. 

Ammeguntick lake. ii. 235. 

Ammunition, &c. required to be kept 
by each soldier in mass. vii. 56. 

Amonoosuck river, iii. 106. 

Anabaptists in new york. i. 149. in 
rhode island, vi. 336. ii, 58. in 
rhode island, divisions among, vi. 
343. 344. disturbed by gorton. vi. 
343. increase in massachusetts. 
vi-. 347. their opinions subversive of 
government vi. 347. banished 
from mass. vi. 347. troublesome; 
in massachusetts. 373. law against, 
vi. 413. sometimes called wedder- 
droppers. vi. 624. 626. become 
very numerous in new england ; 
ministers appointed to convert them, 
viii. 111. a public dispute held with 
them at boston. Ill — 112. See 

Anatomical museum of harvard col- 
lege, i. 117. 

Anatomical lectures at fryeburg. i. 
126. at plymouth. i. 126. 

Anatomical association at harvard col- 
lege, i. 109. 

Ancient society of charlestown. ii. 

Ancient and honourable artillery com- 
pany, brief history of, incorporated, 
gift to of 1000 acres of land, inter- 
rupted during- the government of 

sir. e. andros, its title first used, its 
charter declared void, taxes remit- 
ted, ii. 185. intermission of dur- 
ing the revolutionary war. 186. 
oldest military company in united 
states. 180. 

Anderson, dr. robert, of edinburgh. 
viii. 167. 

Anderson, . iv. 79. 

Andover, twenty-eighth church in 
massachusetts, planted by simon 
bradstreet and others, origin of its 
name. iv. 138. v. 237. vi. 416. 
viii. 14. 15. earthquake felt at. 
iv. 71, attacked by indians. iv. 

Andrew, rev. , of milford, Con- 
necticut, ii. 128. 132. 

Andrew, an indian, sets fire to a house 
near portsrnouth, new hampshire, 
and captures a young woman, vi. 
631 . 

Andrews, abraham. ii. 178. instruc- 
ter. 180. 

Andrews, John. viii. 107. 

Andrews, richard. iv. 220. 

Andrews, , missionary from new 

york to the five nations of indians. 
viii. 245. 

Andrews, , his present of heifers 

to the ministers and poor of massa- 
chusetts. v. 170. 171. 

Androscoggin river, iv. 185. or am- 
brosskoggin river, v. 228. 

Andros, major, governour at new york, 
vi. 629. sends a sloop with soldiers 
to pemaquid, which causes the in- 
dians there to desist from hostili- 
ties, vi. 636. usurps the privi- 
leges of massachusetts charter, t x. 
25. i. (xviii.) claims clarke's 
island. iii. 189. seized and re- 
moved from the government of mas- 
sachusetts. iv. 160. papers relat- 
ing to his administration in massa- 
chusetts. viii. 179— 183. his letter 
to w. dark, governour of rhode 
island, about his reception at boston 
and the surrender of rhode island 
charter. 180. administers the 
oath of allegiance, &c. to the mem- 
bers of his council at boston. 182. 
minutes of the doings of his council, 
viii. 181. who take order about 
sending declarations to clerks of 
courts, summoning plymouth and 
rhode island councillors to boston. 



and other members of council to be 
present. 181. 

Anecdote of the lock of a gun, which 
killed king philip. iv. 6'3. of a 
hanging at plymouth. v. 77. of 
arnold and his soldiers when he de- 
serted, iv. 51. 

Anequeasset. iv. 266. 267. 

.Angel gabriel, ship, cast away at pema- 
quid. vii. 199. its passengers lost 
on their way to Boston in another 
ship. v. 200. 

Ano-ier, rev. samuel, of rehoboth and 
waltham. in. 273. 274. 277. vii. 

164. 165. difficulties attending his 
ordination at waltham. 276. dies. 

Angier, oakes, esq. iv. 93. vii. 160. 

165. 166. 170. 
Angier, charles. vii. 169. 

Ano-ier, rev. John, of bridgewater. 
iii. 276. vii. 165. 168. iv. 90. 

Ano-ier, rev. samuel, of bridgewater. 
vii. 165. 166. 168. 170. 

Anglo saxons. i. (xviii.) 

Angoum, or anguum, an excellent 
harbour in new england. ix. 

Ano-ur, lieut. andrew, of Scarborough, 
vi. 600. 

Anian straits, v. 27. 

Animals, directions for preserving, 
i. 18. in Virginia, list of. ix. 

Ann, the ship, arrives at scituate. iv. 
241. the third that brought pil- 
grims to plymouth colony. vii. 

Annable, . iv. 260. 

Annable, anthony, arrives at ply- 
mouth in the fortune. iv. 230. 
222. 224. 233. account of. iv. 

Annals of new england, by rev. t. 
prince, vol. 2. part 1. vii. 189. 
dr. prince's notice of. vii. 179. 

Annesley, rev. dr. ii. 97. 100. 101. 

Anniball, anthony. i. 175. See an- 
nable, anthony. 

Annisnippi, iv. 275. 

Annisnippi brook, iv. 268. 

Answer of charles ii. to address from 
massachusetts. vi. 561. 

Answers of ministers to questions 

VOL. X. 


about baptism, etc. proposed by 
general court of massachusetts. vi. 

Anthology, boston, i. 255. ii. 73. 

Anthony, . viii. 323. 

Antichrist, Johnson's chapter on the 
fall of, and the increase of gentile 
churches. viii. 32. his poetry 
thereon, viii. 36. 

Antinomian controversy, x. 23. he- 
resy, ii. 58. 

Antinomians. vi. 360. 

Antipas, m. drowned, vi. 648. 

Anti-synodalia of president chauncy. 
i. 202. answered by rev. mr. alien, 
vi. 590. 

Antonio, town. ii. 24. 

Apannow. v. 61. 

Apaum, or umpame, now plymouth. 
iii. 175. 

Aplin, joanna. x. 179. 

Apollonius, rev. of middleburg, 

his syllooe questionum answered by 
rev. john norton. vi 640. 641. 

Appalaches indians, their number and 
residence, ii. 26. 

Appeals, in what order to be made in 
massachusetts. vi. 400. 

Appeals to england denied in govern- 
our winthrop's time, vi.514. claim- 
ed by king's commissioners, col. ni- 
chols and others, but denied to them 
by massachusetts general court ; ju- 
ries not. to be used by king's com- 
missioners in hearing such appeals, 
viii. 91. 92. 110. 

Appeches indians, their residence, va- 
lour, number, warriours and lan- 
guage, ii. 29. 

Appleton, rev. dr. jesse, president of 
bowdoin college. ii. 249. iv. 

Appleton, rev. dr. nathaniel, of cam- 
bridge, ii. 149. x. 55. 

Appleton, john. viii. 107. 

Apsley, sir alien, a patentee of new 
england. v. 217. 

Aquedneck, or rhode island, purchas- 
ed by coddington and others, vii. 77. 

Aquetequas. iv. 266. 

Aquethneck, or rhode island, viii. 
122. discovered by massachusetts 
people, vii. P. 5. planted, ix. 

Aquetnet, sandwich, iv. 293. 

Aquidneyk, or rhode island, vi. 336. 



Arbella, ship, before called the eagle, 
origin of its name. ii. 79. first 
court of assistants on board. 164. 
arrives at salern. vii. P. 10. the 
ship in which the leading men of 
massachusetts colony came to new 
england. v. 128. commanded by 
capt. milbourne. v. 128. court 
held on board at yarmouth, england. 
v. 124. the admiral of the fleet for 
massachusetts. v. 129. sets sail 
with the fleet for massachusetts. v. 
129. arrives. 130. 

Arbuthnot, admiral, iii. 244. 

Archajologia araericana, referred to. 
x. 126. quoted, x. 138. 

Argall, sir samuel, governour of Vir- 
ginia, dislodges the trench from pe- 
nobscot. v. 15. routs the first set- 
tlers at hudson's river, vi. 667. viii. 
211. sent from Virginia ; dislodges 
the french from new england. ix. 
5. governour of Virginia ; is super- 
seded, ix. 9. 

Argall, john, a patentee of new eng- 
land. v. 217. 

Arians. ii. 73. 

Aricaries indians, their residence, 
numbers, &c. ii. 34. 

Arkansas river, ii. 23. 28. 29. 

Arkansas indians, their residence, 
number and warriours ; stupid and 
filthy, ii. 28. 

Arlington, lord. viii. 102. 

Arminians attribute god's election to 
the will of man. ii. 73. 

Arms to be supplied to inhabitants of 
Plymouth, iii. 183. every person 
in massachusetts to be provided 
with. vii. P. 23. 25. 26. 

Armstrong, capt. samuel t. ii. 180. 

Armstrong, george. iii. 184. 185. 

Arnold, col. benedict, his expedition 
to quebec. ii. 227. marches from 
roxbury. 227. to newburyport, 
sails for kennebeck, and arrives ; 
signal used during the voyage. 228. 
proceeds towards quebec ; joins his 
troops up the kennebeck ; arrives 
at scohegin falls ; at norridgewock. 
230. his men put on allowance. 
233. capt. morgan's division or- 
dered to return to Cambridge ; loss 
of provisions, guns, etc. 234. ar- 
rives at chaudiere river. 235. at 
wolfe's cove ; crosses the plains of 

abraham ; summonses quebec. 237. 
is attacked by Canadians ; attacks 
quebec. 240. under gen. mont- 
gomery attacks quebec. 243. his 
division attacks quebec. 244. is 
wounded. 245. anecdote of him- 
self and his soldiers when he desert- 
ed from west point, iv. 51. 

Arnold, deacon william. ii. 171. 

Arnold, the general, an armed brig, 
lost in plymouth harbour. iii. 

Arnold, rev. samuel. iv. 259. of 
rochester, notice of. iv. 261. 262. 
x. 31. 

Arnold, . iv. 260. 

Arnold, rev. samuel, of marshfield. 
iv. 261. 

Arnold, , of providence planta- 
tion, argues in favour of husband's 
authority over his wife. vi. 337. 

Arnold, benedict, interpreter to in- 
dians. vi. 404. 405. and others 
made magistrates of rhode island, 
by king's commissioners, vi. 93. 

Arnold, . x. 67. 68. 

Arnold, seth. x. 67. 68. 

Arnold, richard. viii. 182. 

Arnold, william. ix. 170. 182. 

Arnold, rev. joel r. of Chester, new 
hampshire. ix. 368. 

Aroostook, a branch of st. John's ri- 
ver, viii. 114. 

Arowsick island, vi. 630. 

Arrabella. See arbella. 

Artichoke river in newbury. x. 

Artificers to fix their own wages, vii. 
P. 23. 

Articles on which information is want- 
ed by massachusetts historical soci- 
ety, i. 15. 

Articles of confederation of the united 
colonies of new england. vi. 467. 

Arundall, sir t. sends capt. weymouth 
on a voyage of discovery to north 
america. v. 11. 

Arundell, earl of, a patentee of new 
england. v. 217. 

Ascham, quoted, viii. 219, 220. 

Ascowequassumummis, indian, its 
meaning, ii. 122. 

Ascutney mountain, viii. 174. 

Ash, . iv. 119, 




iii. 163. 

Asliby, anthony. viii. 106. 

Ashe, general, his defeat, iii. 239. 

Ashim, its meaning, x. 173. 174. 

Ashimuit, its meaning, x. 173. 174. 

Ashimuit pond. iii. 3. 

Ashley, , seized and sent pri- 
soner to england for selling powder 
to indians, contrary to his bond, 
vii. P. 34. 

Ashley, rev. Joseph, of Winchester, 
new hampshire. ix. 367. 

Ashuelot, or keene, new hampshire. 
iii. 198. 

Ashurst family, friendly to new eng- 
land. i. (xxvii ) 

Ashurst, sir henry, agent for ply mouth 
colony, iii 190. 

Asia has 987 languages, ix. 3. 

Askug, indian, its meaning, iii. 175. 

Aspinwall, william, first secretary of 
rhode island, vii. P. 4. 69. sworn a 
freeman of massachusetts. P. 58. 
ix. 179. disfranchised and dismiss- 
ed massachusetts house of repre- 
sentatives, viii. 233. x. 23. dea- 
con of boston and charlestown 
church, v. 185. acknowledges his 
errours and is reconciled to boston 
church, vi. 344. 442. 

Aspinwall, dr. william. i. 108. ii. 
158. his hospital, ii 160. 

Aspinwall, dr. william, jun. ii 158. 

Aspinwall, col. thomas. ii. 158. 

Aspinwall, samuel. ii. 156. 144. 147. 

Aspinwall, eleazer. ii. 144. 

Assabet river, iv. 53. 54. 

Assanipi river, iv. 226. 

Assawampsett pond, the largest in 
massachusetts. x. 35. 

Assecomet, an american indian, sent 
with capt. h. challons, on discovery 
to new england. ix. 3. 

Assembly's catechism, translated into 
indian language, ii. 48. 

Assembly of divines at Westminster, 
their advice to the churches of new 
england. vi. 409. 

Assinboin indians. ii. 12. their resi- 
dence, ii 41. 

Assinboin river, ii. 12. 42. 

Assistant fined for whipping a man 
contrary to law. vii. P. 6., 

Assistants, first court of, held at 
charlestown. iv. 155. their nega- 
tive voice questioned by the de- 
puties of massachusetts. v. 174. 

175. — third court of held at charles- 
town ; how composed ; its doings ; 
orders that indians have no guns 
sold them, nor any truck with them ; 
levies £50 for military purposes on 
nine towns in massachusetts. vii. 
P. 1. — how chosen, vii. P. 3. — 
fourth court of; offers premium for 
killing wolves ; proposes to estab- 
lish a ferry for charlestown. vii. 
P. 6. — fifth court of and second at 
boston ; fines an assistant for whip- 
ping contrary to law ; fines for sab- 
bath breaking ; levies £60 for the 
salaries of the rev. messrs. wilson 
and phillips. vii. P. 6. — court of 
at boston, vii. P. 20. orders that 
persons be sent to england as unfit 
to inhabit massachusetts ; sends to 
england sir Christopher gardiner and 
another as prisoners ; punishes a 
quack for making inefficacious wa- 
ter as a cure, vii. P. 21. — court of 
at watertown ; orders satisfaction to 
sagamore John ; alters the number 
of its quorum, vii. P. 21. 22. — 
court of at boston ; orders that ar- 
tificers fix their own wages ; that 
the towns see that every person is 
provided with arms ; that cards, 
dice and tables be destroyed, vii. 
P. 23. — court of at boston ; orders 
that watches be kept every night at 
dorchester and watertown ; that 
guns shall not be fired at night ; that 
people shall be provided with pow- 
der, bullets and match ; that sol- 
diers shall be trained every Satur- 
day ; that persons shall not travel 
except in company ; takes order 
against the settlement of roger Wil- 
liams at salem. vii. P. 25. 26. — 
court of at boston ; fines a man, and 
expels him and his wife from the 
colony, for a contempt of authority, 
vii. P. 27. — chosen at general court, 
vii. P. 29. — court of at boston ; or- 
ders that persons shall not leave 
the jurisdiction without leave, or 
buy provisions of ships that 
arrive without permission ; makes 
payment for a canal ; fixes price of 
charlestown ferry. vii. P. 30. — 
court of at boston ; levies £30 on 
the towns in massachusetts, to pay 
for the canal from charles river 
to newtown ; forbids the sagamore 



of agawam, now ipswich, to enter 
any house in massachusetts for one 
year. vii. P. 30. orders that as- 
sistants have power, which is given 
to each of them, to grant warrants, 
summonses and attachments, vii. 
P. 31. — court of at boston; orders 
a watch to be kept at night in bos- 
ton, charlestown and roxbury ; re- 
gulates trainings ; chooses a lieu- 
tenant for the company, and per- 
mits its captain to go to en gland, 
vii. P. 32. — court of at boston ; fines 
four men for drinking too much ; 
chooses an ensign, vii. P. 34. — 
court of at boston ; sentences a 
man for soliciting an indian squaw. 
vii. P. 34. — court of at boston ; 
punishes a thief, by requiring two 
fold to be 'restored, and his title, 
mr. to be stricken off. vii. P. 35. — 
court of at boston ; orders that 
adultery with anfither's wife be pun- 
ished with the death of both parties ; 
that a house be pulled down, and 
no person give the tenant house 
room, or entertain him ; that corn 
pass in payment, unless money or 
beaver be expressly mentioned, 
vii.' P. 35. — court of at boston ; le- 
vies £60 for a palisado at newtown. 
vii. P. 56. 57. — chosen by the free- 
men in massachusetts. vii. P. 57. — 
court of at boston ; orders that 
courts, held every three weeks, 
shall be holden monthly ; admits 
freemen, vii. P. 57. — court of at 
boston ; grants governour's garden 
to gov. winthrop; admits four free- 
men, vii. P. 58. — chosen by the 
whole court, including freemen. 
vii. P. 60. — court of at boston ; or- 
ders a day of thanksgiving for the 
success of the protestants in germa- 
ny and the safe arrival of passen- 
gers ; orders that there be a truck- 
ing house for indians in every plan- 
tation, vii. P. 61. — court of at 
boston ; orders that no training gun 
be charged with bullets, except in 
certain cases; fines a man for drun- 
kenness ; admits freemen, vii. P. 
63. — court of at boston ; orders 
that a boat be sent to examine into 
the murder of w. bagnall, and the 
guilty be brought prisoners to bos- 
ton ; chooses w. pinchon treasurer; 

admits freemen, vii. P. 65. — court 
of at boston ; punishes a man for 
swearing, and another for selling a 
pistol to an indian. vii. P. 66. — 
court of at boston ; forbids mr. ba- I 
chelor to preach ; orders that bos- 
ton be the place for publick meet- 
ings ; that a house of correction and 
a house for the beadle be erected at 
boston ; punishes a man for theft, 
drunkenness and fornication, and 
banishes him on pain of death ; or- 
ders that no person take tobacco 
publickly on penalty ; admits a 
freeman, vii. P. 68. — court of at 
boston ; orders that companies train 
once a month ; that sir r. saltonstall 
pay John sagamore damages ; that 
the neck of land between powder 
hill and pullen point be annexed to 
boston, vii. P. 72. 73. — called to- 
gether at boston to consult about 
massachusetts, owing to the pur- 
chase of port royal by the french ; 
who order that a fort and planta- 
tion be begun at nantasket; that 
the boston fort be completed ; that 
a plantation be begun at agawam. 
vii. P. 84. — court of at boston ; re- 
verses the order against rev. mr. ba- 
chelor, that he do not gather a 
church in massachusetts; punishes 
and disfranchises a man for sedition ; 
levies £30 for payment of capt. 
partrich and capt. underhill an 
half year ; punishes a thief, who is 
to be the servant of some person for 
three years ; admits freemen, vii. 
P. 85: 86. — court of at boston ; or- 
ders that no more persons go to 
plant agawam ; admits freemen, 
vii. P. 86. — court of at boston; ap- 
points a day of thanksgiving 
throughout massachusetts ; admits 
freemen, vii. P. 92. — court of at 
boston; grants £100 to gov. win- 
throp for extra charges of govern- 
ment : punishes a man for drunk- 
enness on the sabbath ; orders that 
no person sell strong-water without 
leave of the governour, nor sell nor 
give strong-water to the indians; 
orders that fences of corn-fields be 
erected on penalty ; orders that 
swine breaking into corn-fields may 
be killed, the owner of the hog to 
have the carcase, but to pay for 



damage to the corn. vii. P. 93 — 
the king's letter about their number 
in raassachusetts. viii. 54. 

Assistants in plymouth colony, their 
number increased, v. 90. 91. se- 
ven for the first time chosen there, 
which number continues till it be- 
came a part of massachusetts colo- 
ny, vii. P. 83. 

Assookamuck. iv. 267. 

Assoomsin-ewet, a sachem and famous 
hunter — its meaning, iv. 284. 

Assowompamock. iv. 267. 

Atharuochas, or hobbamockas. iii. 127. 

Athearn, . iii. 66. 

Alhenaeum, boston, i. J38. 

Athenee oxonienses. i. 163. 

Athenian mercury, by John dunton. 
ii. 97. 

Athenianism, by John dunton. ii. 97. 

Atherton, captain, of dorchester. iv. 
24. x. 59. goes to the narragan- 
sets for tribute, vi. 463. 464. his 
courage. 464. 465. chief military 
officer in new enofland ; dies. vi. 
641. vii. 54. 

Atherton, hon. charles h. x. 192. 

Atkinson, theodore. iii. 119. 

Atkinson, John. viii. 106. 

Attacapos indians ; their residence, 
number and language, ii. 25. 26. 

Attachments to be granted by any as- 
sistant in massachusetts. vii. P. 31. 

Attleborough, note on. i. 184. 

Attleborough gore. x. 171. 

Atwater, Jeremiah, ii. 130. 

Atwood, . iv. 277. 

Atwood, john. iv. 100. 

Atwood, james. x. 177. 

Aubray, , a painter, iii. 197. 

Auger, ager, or alger. vii. 151. 155. 

Auglaize river, ii. 5. 

Augoochee, hepzibah. iii. 17. 

Augusta, maine, earthquake felt at. 
iv. 70. 

Aumkuck, or painted bird, at carver, 
vi. 275. 

Aurania, or albany fort. v. 18. dutch 
fort at attacked by indians. vi. 432. 

Aurania fort. vi. 521. 

Aurean academy at amherst, new 
hampshire. ii. 249. vii. 70. 

Austin, Jonathan w. i. 231. 

Austin, Jonathan 1. i. 249. 

Austin, charles. i. 258. 

Austin, james t. ii. 175. 

Austin, wijliam. ii. 177. 178. 179. 180. 

Austin, gen. nathaniel, sheriff of mid- 

dlesex. ii. 180. 181. 
Austin, saint, his complaint of the 

church being over-burdened with 

canons, vi. 433. 
Austin, major, viii. 215. 
Authority, contempt of. punished. 

vii. P. 27. 
Authors, how many living in germany 

in 1792. viii. 274. 
Averill, israel. viii. 45. 
Avery, rev. , drowned in com- 
ing to new england. v. 200. 

Avery, rev. , oftruro. x. 174. 

Avogall indians. ii. 26. 27. 
Ayer, deacon james. iv. 127. 
Ayer, obadias. iv. 168. 

Ayer, . iv. 132. 

Ayer's pond. iv. 122. 

Ayers, , a pioneer, ii. 232. 

Azores, touched at by gosnold. v 



Babboosuk pond in amherst, new 
hampshire. ii. 248. 

Babcock, rev. josiah, of andover, new 
hampshire. iii. 112. 

Babcock, adam. iii. 197. 

Babcock, elisha. iv. 201. 

Bachelder, rev. william, minister of 
baptist church in haverhill. iv. 

Bachelor, rev. Stephen. See batche- 

Bacheller, rev. samuel, of haverhill. 
iv. 147. difficulties during his 
ministry. 147. 148. 149. his dis- 
mission ; a representative to gene- 
ral court. 149. 

Backus's history of baptists referred 
to. iv. 264. viii. 111. 

Bacon, col. and ingram, their rebellion 
in Virginia, i. 33. 

Bacon, col. taken prisoner. i. 35. 
his trial and acquittal. 35. pro- 
claimed traitor. 39. his declara- 
tion. 41. the oath taken by him 
and his associates. 45. advances 
against the indians. 47. blocks 
up the town. 50. sends for wo- 
men into the camp. 51. attack- 
ed. 53. sets fire to Jamestown. 
54. goes to gloucester. 55. re- 
solves to fight. 55. is forsaken 



by brent's men. 55. designs to 
go to accomack ; dies. 57. his 
epitaph. 58. 59. 

Bacon, margaret. x. 177. 

Bacon, Joseph, viii. 45. 

Bacon, lieut. John. viii. 45. 

Bacon, . vii. 151. 

Bacon, rev. Jacob, of plymouth. iii. 

Bacon, lieut. isaac. iv. 229. 

Bacon, john. iv. 229. 

Badger, rev. Stephen, ii. 149. 

Badger, rev. moses, episcopal mission- 
ary to new hampshire. iv. 78. of 
providence. 164. 167. 169. 

Badger, john. viii. 106. 

Badger, hannah. x*178. 

Bagnall, waiter, or great wat, murder- 
ed by indians at richmond's island, 
v. 142. vii. P. 35. his murder or- 
dered to be examined into, and the 
guilty brought prisoners to boston, 
vii. P. 65. one of his murderers 
hung. vii. P. 83. 

Bagou beauf. ii 27. 

Bahama islands, or eleutheria. vi. 523. 

Bainbridge, commodore william. ii. 

Baker, deacon jonas. iii. 104. 

Baker, john. viii. 107. 

Baker, continuation of, quoted, vii. 
P. 51. 

Baker, samuel. iv. 234. 

Baker, nathaniel. iv. 234. 

Baker, nicholas. iv. 234. 

Baker, grace, iv. 234. 

Baker, . iv. 260. 

Baker, rev. nicholas, of scituate. iv. 
233. 234. 

Baker, lieut. iv. 218. 

Baker, j. of boston, executed at lon- 
don. vi. 419. 

Baker's river, iii. 110. 

Baker's island, v. 130. 

Baker's brook, viii. 168. 

Bailey, rev. Jacob, i. 103. 

Bailey, kendall. ii. 181. 

Bailey, . iv. 7. 

Bailey, rev. abner, of salem, new 
hampshire. iv. 78. 

Bailey, , his dissuasive from the 

errours of the times referred to. iv. 

Bailey, . vii. 151. 

Bailey, guido. vii. 149. 157. 

Bailey, rev. john. ii. 101. 

Bailey, rev. thomas. ii. 101. 

Balch, rev. , of bradford. iv. 


Balch, john. v. 107. 

Baldwin pond. iv. 63. 

Baldwin, william. iv. 60. 

Baldwin, rev. samuel. iv. 60. 

Baldwin, ensign, iv. 219. 

Balfour, waiter, teacher of baptists at 
charlestown. ii. 172. 

Ball, deborah. x. 179. 

Ball, . viii. 229. 

Ball, . iv. 19. 

Ball, rev. . iv. 119. 

Ballantine, john. x. 22. 

Balstone, william. vii. P. 84. sworn 
a freeman of massachusetts. P. 29. 

Baltimore, lord, his province, v. 180. 
cscilius, lord, a papist, obtains a 
patent from charles i. for maryland. 
See maryland. vii. P. 80. 

Bancroft, archbishop, i. 165. 

Bangs, edward. iv. 100. 

Banks, sir john. v. 272. 

Banner, peter, an architect, ii. 161. 

Baptism, disputes about, i. 196. in- 
fant, i. 167. contention about, 
iv. 12. ditto in rhode island, vi. 
338. ditto in Connecticut and 
massachusetts. vi. 562. ditto in 
new england. 587. 601. 602. of 
infants in rhode island, king's re- 
quisition about, vii. 94. the first 
at boston, vii. P. 5. 

Baptisms in Shrewsbury, massachu- 
setts. i. 162. 

Baptisms and church members at 
brookline. ii. 152. 153. 

Baptist church founded at providence, 
i. 210. at haverhill. iv. 151. the 
first formed in england, then one at 
providence, ix. 197. the first of 
boston gathered in charlestown, 
1665. ii. 172. 

Baptists, rise of, in massachusetts. i. 
207. law against in massachusetts. 
i. 210. history of, by crosby. i. 
168. their former catholick spirit, 
i. 168. a publick dispute held with 
them at boston, viii. 111. 112. See 

Barbadoes. iii. 259. sends letters to 
new england, requesting a supply 
of ministers, vi. 410. pestilential 
fever at. vi. 532. 

Barber, edward. ii. 167. viii. 45. 

Barber, capt. william. viii. 45. 



Barber, thomas. viii. 139. 

Barbut, capt. viii. 156. 

Barker, rev. Joseph, of middleborough. 
iii. SOI, 

Barker, abigail. iii. 221. her confes- 
sions. 222. 223. 

Barker, robert. iii. 22. 

Barker, . iv. 224. 225. 

Barker, james. vii. 93. 

Barker's location, iii. 98. 

Barlow, moses. iv. 259. 

Barlow, aaron. iv. 259. 260. 

Barlow, Joel, his letter to president 
stiles, enclosing one from professor 
ebeling. viii. 269. 

Barnaby, james. iv. 87. 294. 

Barnard, rev. John, of maiblehead. 
i. (xxx.) 

Barnard, rev. Jeremiah, of amherst, 
new hampshire. ii. 252. iv. 77. 
viii. 176. 

Barnard, rev. edv»ard, his character 
of rev. joshua gardiner. iv. 141. 
ordained at haverhill. iv. 143. his 
character. 144. J 45. his epitaph. 

Barnard, rev. thomas. iv. J43. 

Barnard, rev. dr. thomas. iv. 143. 

Barnard, edward, of salem. iv. 169. 

Barnard, . vii. 29. 

Barnard, madam mary. x. 180. 

Barnes, . iv. 211. 

Barnes, , of boston, ii. 106. 

Barnes, rev. thomas. iv. 183. 

Barnes, John. iv. 87. 100. 

Barnes, hon. david 1. iv. 237. 

Barnes, rev. dr. david, of scituate, no- 
tice of. iv. 235. 237. 

Barns, james. x. 26. 27. 

Barnstable bay, its tides, viii. 194. 
196. x. 48. 

Barque, the first built at ply mouth, 
iv. 99. one of salem overset, vii. 
P. 32. 

Barrell, Joseph, ii. 168. 

Barrell, John. vi. 546. 

Barrett, col. iv. 216. 

Barrett, capt. nathan. viii. 45. 

Barrington, thomas. vi. 349. 

Barron, capt. Oliver, viii. 45. 

Bariows, john. iv. 90. 95. 

Barrows, elisha. iv. 302. 

Barstow, william. iv. 228. 241. 

Barstow, . iv. 260. 

Barstow's bridge, iv. 228. 

Bartelmew, william. viii. 229. 

Bartlett, dr. josiah, his history of me- 

dical science in massachusetts. i. 
105. his history of charlestown. 
ii. 163. his oration on the death of 
Washington. ii. 173. physician 
to* state prison, ii. 175. senator 
from middlesex. ii. 177. counsel- 
lor, ii. 177. justice throughout 
the state. 179.— ii. 175. 176. 178. 
180. 181. 

Bartlett, josiah, jun. ii. 178. 

Bartlett, george. i. 123. ii. 180. 

Bartlett, gorham. ii. 178. 

Bartlett, robert. iii. 184. 

Bartlett, lieut. samuel. iii. 192. 

Bartlett, Joseph, iv. 87. 

Bartlett, samuel. iv. 92. 

Bartlett, thomas. iv. 110. 

Bartlett, william. vii. 187. 188. 

Bartlett, john. vii. 187. 188. 

Bartlett, Joseph, iv. 293. 

Bartol, . iv. 181. 

Barton, r. agent for gorton's company, 
his letter to j. winthrop ; appointed 
agent to massachusetts for this pur- 
pose by the court at providence, 
vi. 511. 

Barton, dr. ii. 6. 7. 13. 39. 

Barton's new views referred to and 
quoted, x. 129. 130. 138. 142. 

Bashabeas, or chiefs of the eastern in- 
dians of new england. v. 30. 

Baskets manufactured at carver, iv. 

Bass and mackerel fishery at cape 
cod. iii. 220. 

Bass, . iv. 249. x. 64. 

Bass, rev. bishop, x. 55. 167. 

Bassett, anselm. x. 37. 

Bassett, . iv. 294. 

Bassett, william. x. 57. 66. 68. 

Bassett, n. x. 69. 

Bassett, william. vii. 138. a forefa- 
ther, vii. 147. 149. 

Bassett, sarah. vii. 147. 149. 

Bassett, william. vii. 147. 149. 

Bassett, Joseph, vii. 147. 149. 

Bastable, ship, sails, vii. P. 68. 

Bastwick, dr. his saying about rev. 
hanserd knollis. vi. 356. 

Batchelder, Joseph, x. 178. 

Batchelor, rev. Stephen, of lynn, 
sketch of. ii. 94. v. 191. 193. 
dismissed from lynn on account of 
difficulties, and settles at hampton. 
v. 193. 194. quarrels with rar. dal- 
ton. vi. 412. punished for incon- 
tinence, his house burnt, vi. 420. 



421. vii. 17. arrives in massa- 
chusetts aged 71. vii. P. 61. 68. 
for contempt of authority, etc. or- 
dered not to preach, vii. P. 68. 
notice of. vii. P. 76. the order 
that he shall not gather a church in 
massachusetts reversed, vii. P. 85. 

Bates, . iv. 294. vii. 123. 

Bates, thomas. iv. 293. 

Bath, new hampshire, account of. 
iii. 105. its rivers, mountains, 
bridges, ferries, roads, soil and pro- 
duce and schools. 106. its ma- 
nufactories. 107. value of land 
at ; its church organized ; revival 
of religion at ; baptisms, births, 
marriages and deaths. 108. 

Bath, earl, of, a patentee of new eng- 
land. v. 217. 

Bathing houses, i. 127. 

Batt, nicholas. viii. 106. 

Batter, edmund. viii. 106. 

Batteries at boston, vii. 54. 

Battle of lexington. iv. 215. 217. 

Baulston, william. vii. 93. 98. ix. 
179. See balstone. 

Baulstone, pitie, of the fiist baptism 
in boston, vii. P. 5. See balstone. 

Baulstone, william, of boston, vii. 
P. 5. See balstone. 

Baxter, , a benefactor Of har- 
vard college, ii. 108. 

Bay of fundy, ship lost at. vi. 647. 

Bayard, hon. samuel, of delaware. 
viii. 167. x. 192. 

Bayberry wax early made for candles, 
viii. 253. 

Bayle, . iv. 19. 

Bayley, capt. prosecuted at boston by 
madam la tour. vi. 486. 489. — 

Bayley, lieut. viii. 156. 

Baylies, william. v. 160. 

Baylies, frederick, missionary to the 
indians. iii. 93. 

Bayon rapid, ii. 26. 

Beacham, . iv. 269. 

Beachies, theories of their formation, 
iii. 173. 

Beadle, house for, ordered to be built 
at boston, vii. P. 68. 

Beal, . vii. 123. 

Beal, william, his prosecution, vii. 
P. 50. 

Beals, mrs. . x. 180. 

Bean, John, agent with gen. robertson 
to treat with indians, etc. vii. 59. 

Bean, mary. x. 177. 

Beans, indian, 16s. a bushel, vii. 36. 

Bear hill. iii. 268. 

Bear's cove, or hingham, settled, v. 
158. its church gathered, v. 192. 

Bearslow, Joseph, vii. 144. 

Beauchamp, John. iv. 220. 

Beaufoi-d, . iii. 241. 

Beaumont, . iv. 240. 

Beaver, price of. vii. P. 1. pay- 
ment frequently made in. vii. 35. 
beaver trade, its revenue to massa- 
chusetts. viii. 231. confined to 
one person in each town in massa- 
chusetts. viii. 231. 

Beaver brook, vii. 117. 122. 146. 166. 

Beaver dam brook, iii. 173. 179. iv. 
272. 275. 

Beaver dams, how erected by that 
animal, iii. 179. 

Beaver indians. ii. 43. 

Beaver falls, iv. 272. 275. 

Beaver pond, iii 265. 

Beaver river, ii. 11. 

Beaver's brook, iii. 262. 265. 272. 

Becancourians indians. viii. 246. 

Beckley, John, clerk of the house of 
representatives in congress, viii. 

Beckworth, capt. viii. 156. 

Beddies indians, their residence and 
number, ii. 25. 

Bedford, new hampshire. vi. 74. 

Bedford, long island, vi. 669. 

Beech hill. vii. 114. 

Beede, rev. thomas. i. 258. of wil- 
ton, new hampshire. viii. 177. 

Beers, isaac. viii. 269. 273. 274. 

Bees, earliest notice of, in plymouth 
colony records, iv. 242. 

Belcher thomas, captain of the talbot. 
v. 128. 

Belcher, gov. Jonathan, his letter from 
rev. dr. colman. ii. 186. 206. ar- 
rives in new england. vii. 179. a 
note about him. x. 39. 40. 

Belcher, edward, sworn a freeman, 
vii. P. 29. 

Belcher, edmund. vii. P. 69. 

Belcher, jeremiah. viii. 107. 

Belcher, . viii. 233. 

Belcher, andrew. x. 26. 

Belknap, rev. dr. jeremy. i. 214. 
iii. 78. 80. 221. 290. iv. 77. x. 55. 
of dover, new hampshire. iv. 78. 



his american biography quoted, x. 
59. his history of new hampshire 
referred to. i. (xviii.) via. 254. 
256. x. 56. typographical errour 
in. iii. 102. 

Belknap, mrs. x. 180. 

Belknap's pond. iv. 122. 

Bell, one placed in the church at new- 
town, vii. P. 75. 

Bell, philip, governour of barbadoes, 
punishes familists. vi. 346. 

Bell, Joseph, viii 45. 

Bell, . i. 138. 

Bellamie, John, a printer, v. 126. 

Bellingham, richard, governour of 
massachusetts. i. (xii.) ii. 63. 
vi. 370. 543. 545. 575. 581. 591. 
610. vii. 32. viii. 88. 90. 97. 98. 
99. 110. a lawyer, arrives, iii. 
143. deputy governour of massa- 
chusetts. 147. iv. 110. v. 157. 
237. vi. 544. 546. vii. 20. 129. a 
representative from boston, x. 23. 
elected deputy crovernour from 1 656 
to 1665. vi.' 555. 575. his death 
and character. 610. 611. 

Bellows, a. his account of walpole, 
new hampshire. vii. 124. 

Bellows, col. benjamin, vii. 125. 

Bellows' falls, vii. 124. 

Bellisle, straits of. iii. 168. 

Ben. william. vii. 187. 188. 

Bendall, . iii. 285. 

Bendall, edward. vii. P. 69. viii. 233. 

Benedict's history of baptists, an er- 
rour in, corrected, iv. 151. referred 
to. viii. 111. 

Benet. edward. viii. 229. 

Benevolent trout, fable of. iii. 7. 

Benezet, anthony, writes against sla- 
very, viii. 188. 

Bennet, John, an instructed ii. 180. 

Bennet. rev. philip, of Virginia, arrives 
at boston to obtain a supply of min- 
isters, vi. 410. viii. 29. 

Bennet, richard, his orchard in Vir- 
ginia, ix. 118. 

Bennet, rev. salmon, of Winchester, 
new hampshire. ix. 367. 

Bennet, henry, vi. 666. viii. 107. 

Benson, . vii. 155. 

BentWs history of salem, quoted, 
iv. 160. 

Berian, rev. michael, of Canada, ii. 

Berkeley, sir william, sails for acco- 
mack. i. 46. sails for the west- 
VOL. X. 32 

em shore of Virginia, i. 47. ar- 
rives at town. 49. leaves James- 
town. 54. removes to york river. 
65. his forces. 67. dies. 80. 
governour of Virginia, vi. 522. 
captures opechankenow, the aged 
sachem of Virginia, ix. 111. 117. 
makes a successful experiment by 
planting rice in Virginia. 118. 

Berkeley, alderman of london. vi. 

Bermuda, its church compelled to 
leave the island, viii. 31. whose 
members suffer much, but are re- 
lieved by supplies sent by massa- 
chusetts people. 32. 

Bernard, thomas. i. 249. 

Bernard, thomas, governour of massa- 
chusetts. iii. 234. 

Bernard, col. iv. 219. 

Bernard, , his book against 

weymouth church covenant referred 
to. v. 276. 

Bernard, nathaniel, lecturer at st. se- 
pulchre's, london, severely punished 
for preaching against altars, &c. as 
popish, vii. P. 79. 

Berry, sergeant james. ii. 175. 

Berry, . ii. 235. 

Besbedge, thomas. iv. 239. 

Besbeech or bisbee, thomas. iv. 222. 

Bessey, . iv. 260. 294. 

Best, capt. ellis, comes to new eng- 
land. v. 36. 

Bestiality punished, vi. 421. 

Beverly, major, takes hansford. i. 
62. puts him to death. 62. takes 
chiesman and wilford. 63. sur- 
prises harris. 67. 

Be wet, hugh, expelled massachusetts 
jurisdiction, v. 277. ix. 170. 

Bewit, hugh. See bewet. 

Beza. i. 247. 

Bible society of plymouth and norfolk 
counties, x. 5. 

Bible translated into Indian, vi. 660- 

Bicknell apple, vii. 116. 

Bicknell, . vii. 123. 

Big-bellied indians, their residence and 
number, ii. 35. 36. 

Bighome river, ii. 36. 

Big track indians. ii. 31. 

Bigelow, major timothy, ii. 227. 230. 

Bigelow, hon. timothy, extract from 
his oration at the funeral of hon. s. 
dana. ii. 252. 



Bigelow, rev. Jacob. iii.269. ofsud- 

bury. iv. 59. 
Biggs, john. vii. P. 86. 
Bigelow, william. ii. 252. 
Billerica, table of its marriages, births 

and deaths ; granted by henry dun- 

ster and others to ralph hill and 

others, ii. 162. iv. 76. settled, vi. 

372. or shashin, settled, vi. 545. 
Billingsgate, cape cod. iv. 283. 
Billington, francis. iv. 93. discovers 

billington sea. ix. 37. 44. 
Billington, john, executed at plymouth 

for murder. 5.101. being the first 

execution there, vii. P. 2. 
Billington sea. iii. 170. 180. 181. iv. 

88. discovered by francis billington. 

ix. 44. 
Bills issued by massachusetts to pay 

the expense of expedition to Canada. 

iii. 259. form of. 261. 
Bingham, caleb. ii. 175. 
Biography of rev. charles morton. i. 

158. 161. of rev. john lothropp of 

scituate and barnstable. i. 163. 

of rev. dr. john eliot, of boston. 

i. 211. of gov. jarnes sullivan. i. 

252. of rev. william emerson, of 

boston, i. 254. of isaac lothrop, 

esq. i. 258. of edward Johnson. 

ii. 95. of rev. Joseph s. buckmin- 

ster, of boston, ii. 271. of major 

general benjamin lincoln. iii. 233. 

of joshua scottow, esq. iv. 100. 

of master ezekiel cheever. vii. 

129. of rev. peter whitney. vii. 

177. of rev. dr. Joseph mackean. 

viii. 157. of father ralle, or rasles. 

viii. 250. of caleb gannet, esq. 

viii. 277. of hon. william tudor. 

viii. 285. of hon. joshua thomas. 

x. 1. of hon. james winthrop. x. 

77. of professor william dandridge 

peck. x. 161. of rev. william 

blackstone. x. 170. 
Bird, sir william. vii. P. 44. 
Bird, thomas. iv. 240. 242. 
Bird, rev. samuel, of dunstable. x. 55. 
Bird island, iv. 253. 
Bird's hill. i. 180. 
Birds in Virginia, a list of. ix. 121. 
Bisbee, thomas. iv. 222. x. 57. 
Bishop, enos. x. 76. 

Black, . iv. 260. 

Black, or blackman, rev. . iv. 234. 

Blackberries, i. (xxi.) 

Blackbourne, rev. francis, arch-deacon 

of cleaveland. ii. 190. 

Blackbourne, rev. gideon, missionary 
to cherokees. ii. 13. his manner 
of teaching indians. 14. 21. 22. 
iv. 66—68. 

Black fox, an indian. ii. 13. 

Blake, benjamin, iii. 119. 

Blake, john. vii. 121. 

Blake, rev. . vii. 167. 

Blake, sergeant major, viii. 235. 

Blake, nathan. x. 177. 

Blackfeet indians, their residence, 
language and number, ii. 42. 

Blackliston, john. vi. 349. 

Blackman, mrs. rebecca. iv. 101. 

Blackman, rev. adam. iv. 234. 

Blackman, peter, iv. 259. 

Blackman, or black, rev. . iv. 234. 

Blackmer, . iv. 260. 294. 

Blackmer, capt. iv. 261 . 

Blackowitz, charles, surveys plymouth 
harbour, iii. 197. 

Black point, maine, planted by capt. 
cam mocks, mr. gains and others, 
v. 224. vi. 600. attacked by in- 
dians and resolutely defended. 
532. 533. 

Black rock. iii. 75. 

Blackstone, rev. william. ii. 70. 86. 
iii. 285. his sale of boston, iv. 
202. 203. v. 113. vii. P. 4. x. 
171. sworn a freeman. P. 29. an 
episcopal minister, found by massa- 
chusetts colony at boston ; removes 
to pawtucket, now Cumberland ri- 
ver; is said to have had the first or- 
chard in boston ; had the first or- 
chard that bore fruit in rhode 
island ; his " yellow sweetings ; " 
used to preach often at providence, 
and to travel on a bull. ix. 175. 
memoirs of. x. 170. 171. 172. in- 
ventory of his estate. 172. 

Blackstone, mrs. sarah. x. 171. 

Blackstone, john. x. 171. 

Blackstone's meadow, x. 172. 

Blackstone's point, ii. 86. iv. 203. 

Blackstone's spring, in boston, x. 

Blackwater, in rochester. iv. 253. 

Blackwater. iii. 163. 

Blackwater brook, iii. 207. 

Blackwater river, vii. 66. viii. 173. 
174. x. 36. 72. 

Black will, an indian, hung for the 
murder of waiter bagnall at rich- 
mond's island, vii. P. 83. 

Blanchard, timothy, viii. 45. 

Blanchard, john. x. 54. 



Bland and carver sent to accomack, 

Virginia, i. 47. 
Blaxton. See blackstone, rev. william. 
Blazing star seen in new england, 

1G19. v. 51. 
Bledsoe, col isaac. vii. 63. 
Blessing of the bay, a bark launched 

by gov. winthrop, 4 July, 1631. v. 

171. at mistick. vii. P. 31. 
Blinman, rev. richard, arrives ; settles 

at green's harbour ; removes with 

his people to gloucester, cape ann. 

vi. 408. 663. vii. 32. 

Bliss, . iv. 215. 

Block island channel, iv. 232. 
Blodget, samuel, judge, notice of. iv. 

153. his project for raising sunken 

vessels; his canal. 154. 
Blood indians. ii. 42. 
Bloody point, origin of its name. v. 

Bloody tenent, by roger williams. v. 

Bloody tenent washed, by rev. rar. 

cotton, quoted, vi. 402. 
Blossom, thomas, a pilgrim, dies. vii. 

P. 96. 
Blueberry island, viii. 174. 
Blue hills, iii. 163. 
Blue mountain, iii. 285. 
Blue river, x. 62. 70. 
Boar, (bear ?) a great black one, eight 

feet in length, killed at dedham. vi. 

Boardman, rev. andrew, of chilmark. 

iii. 74. 
Boerhaave. i. 108. 138. 
Bohonnon, andrew. x. 75. 
Bohonnon, tabitha. x. 177. 
Boiling rock. iv. 71. 
Bolton, rev. robert, notice of; his 

works esteemed in new england. 

vii. P. 54. 
Bolas river, Virginia, ix. 110. 
Boluxas indians, their residence and 

number, ii. 26. 
Bond, dennis. ix. 185. 
Bonham, george. iii. 187. 
Bonitham, capt. obtains a grant from 

sir f. gorges, of land about saco 

river, v. 224. 
Bonney, thomas. vii. 138. 
Book savouring of fifth monarchy spi- 
rit creates disturbance in new eng- 
land, vi. 575. 
Books distributed among indian3. ii. 

Books and manuscripts deposited in 
the library of massachusetts histo- 
rical society by old south church, 
vii. 179. 

Boon, . viii. 242. 

Borland, John, impeached; claims 
habeas corpus in massachusetts. 
viii. 240—242. 

Boscawen, new hampshire, account 
of. x. 71. its boundaries. 71. 
its rivers, ponds, aspect and soil. 
72. its intervale. 72. its health 
and mortality ; its schools, societies 
and library. 73. its population 
at different periods ; its villages and 
ecclesiastical history. 74. its in- 

■ dian name. 74. 75. its history ; 
its original grant from massachu- 
setts. 75. its indian troubles, fort, 
and incorporation ; origin of its 
name. 76. 

Boston, i. (ix.) account of fires in, 
from 1701 to 1800. i. 81. its alms- 
house, i. 126. its church gather- 
ed ; its fairs; Johnson's description 
of its buildings, trade, etc. ii. 91. 
92. remonstrates against the in- 
corporation of brookline. 143. 
opinion of its ministers on the sub- 
ject of episcopacy. 133 — 137. 
called by the indians shawmut. 
141. its first baptist church gath- 
ered at charlestown. 1665. 172. 
copy of a letter of its ministers, in- 
tended to have been 'sent those of 
Connecticut. 257. a place of trade, 
iii. 142. iv. 71. sale of, by black- 
stone. 202. so named on ac- 
count of rev. John cotton ; set- 
tled, v. 134. 135. 158. its fort 
ordered to be finished. 162. its 
military company made the first. 
165. its church flourishes. 190. 
its deputies sent home, having been 
illegally chosen. 259. meeting 
of ministers at, about church diffi- 
culties. 286. discussions in 
its church relative to settling rev. 
mr. wheelwright. 287. 288. er- 
rours in its church. 291. 292. 294. 
men in and about, go to rhode 
island with mrs. hutchinson. vi. 
336. its church sends messengers, 
with letters to mr. coddington about 
communicating with excommuni- 
cated persons. 340. its forti- 
fications erected. 445. its har- 



bour frozen over from Jan. 18 to 
feb. 21. vi. 421. a company of 
its people incorporated for discover- 
ing the great lake, and carrying on 
the beaver trade ; who are op- 
posed by the swedes of delaware. 
442. 443. a ship captured in its 
harbour, under a pretended com- 
mission from the admiralty court in 
england ; disturbances in conse- 
quence. 474. 476. some of its 
merchants trade with la tour. 
478. court of commissioners at. 
542. meeting of commissioners at, 
on account of rumours of war. 
546. its church forbidden by ge- 
neral court to settle mr. powell, in 
consequence of which he is made 
ruling elder. 551. convention of 
ministers at, and their answers to 
questions proposed by the general 
court about baptism, etc. 587. 
relieves 250 people who had been 
driven from st. Christopher's, and 
sends them to the caribbee islands. 
592. its merchants send provi- 
sions to his majesty's fleet in distress 
at the caribbee islands. 592. its 
church disputes about the settle- 
ment of rev. j. davenport. 602. 
synod at on account of public ca- 
lamities. 621. fire at, in 1676. 
648. 649. fire at, in 1679. 649. 
its meeting house burnt. 649. its 
batteries, &c. vii. 24. 54. its 
castle built and rebuilt, cost £4000. 
56. 57. account of small pox 
in. 71. methods taken in, to 
prevent small pox, and the effica- 
cy of them. 72. deaths in, by 
inoculation and by the natural 
small pox. 74. its bill of mor- 
tality for 1816. 134 its votes 
in 1635, relating to new comers, 
law suits, etc. 136. contained 
but one congregation in 1635. 136. 
appoints allotters. 136. taxed 
£] 1 out of £50 in massachusetts. 
vii. P. 1. its first burying ground. 
P. 2. its first baptism. P. 5. its 
ferry to charlestown proposed ; its 
taxes for the support of ministers. 
P. 6. its neck proposed for a for- 
tified town. P. 7. gov. winthrop 
the first member of its church. P. 
12. ice in its harbour breaks up 
tor seven years on feb. 10. P. 19. 

its people die of scurvy. P. 19. 
fires at. P. 22. 29. its ferry to 
charlestown regulated. P. 30. an 
alarm at. P. 24. the neck of land 
between pullen point and powder 
hill annexed to it. P. 72. 73. its 
tax. P. 57. & P. 31. viii. 230. its 
church advises with plymouth, 
whether a magistrate can be a ruling 
elder, and whether there can be 
several pastors to the same church. 
P. 64. its fortification or fort on 
cornhill begun. P. 61. its meet- 
ing house begun by contributions 
made there and at charlestown, 
then being one congregation. P. 
65. its camp to prepare soldiers 
against the indians. P. 67. a 
house for the beadle ordered to be 
built at. P. 68. ordered to be the' 
place of all publick meetings. P. 68. 
list of 151 members who had joined 
its church whilst joined with 
charlestown. P. 68. 69. its church 
dismisses rev. mr. james and others 
of charlestown people, to form a 
church in the latter place. P. 69. 
70. its church admits members. 
P. 70. corn sent to its windmill 
from piscataqua P. 70. its church 
ordains rev. John wilson as pastor, 
and mr. th. oliver as ruling elder. 
P. 73. its harbour frozen over. P. 
76. its fort ordered to be complet- 
ed. P. 84. its tax. P. 85. its 
second church gathered, being the 
30th in massachusetts. viii. 16. 
its bill of mortality, 1817, with the 
disorders of which persons died. 
40. 41. its batteries and fort. 
72. its petition to general court 
against disloyalty, and in favour 
of appeasing charles ii. ; with 
the names of the petitioners. 103 
— 105. entreats its representatives 
to abolish slavery. 184. its 
beaver trade. 231. list of its 
donations from different towns, 
states and individuals during its 
port bill. ix. 158 — 166. its num- 
ber of dwellings and stores ; its 
publick buildings, and its streets, in 
1789, with their names at that time, 
and some of the changes made in 
them prior to 1822. 204—222. 
list of its representatives before the 
revolution, x. 23. 24. its repre- 



sentatives dismissed by general 
court. 23. 24. allowed but two re- 
presentatives, who are chosen semi- 
annually. 24. allowed four repre- 
sentatives. 26. its springs, note 
on. 175. its siege. 101. its indian 
name ; sold by w. blackstone to 
massachusetts colony. 170. 171. 

Boston dispensary, i. 127. 

Boston athenaeum, i. 138. contains 
many rare works on america. viii. 

Boston anthology, i. 255. 

Boston magazine, ii. 169. 

Boston news-letter, quoted, iv. 173. 

Bos worth, . iv. 282. 294. 

Bosworth, haniel. viii. 107. 

Botanical catalogue of plants in mid- 
dlebury, Vermont, ix. 146 — 158. 

Botany of plainfield. with the times of 
flowering, viii. 168 — 171. 

Botta, m. carlo, x. 192. 

Bottomless pond. iv. 55. 

Boudinot, elias. viii. 167. x. 192. 

Bouillon, sieur, makes a treaty be- 
tween charles i. and louis xiii. vii. 

Bouithiliier, counsellor to louis xiii. 
vii. P. 78. 

Bound Brook, iii. 235. vii. 117. 

Bourne, richard, procures a patent for 
mashpee indians. iii. 11. his suc- 
cess in teaching indians. vi. 659. 

Bourne, rev. shearjashub, of scituate. 
iv. 233. 234. 

Bourne, henry, iv. 239. 247. 

Bourne, thomas. iv. 247. 

Bourne, . iv. 294. 

Bourne, ezra. vii. 165. 

Bourne, . x. 69. 

Bourchier, sir John, a patentee of new 
england, v. 217. 

Bourchier, henry, a patentee of new 
england. v. 217. 

Boutell, deacon Joseph, x. 176. 

Boutell, rebecca. x. 176. 

Boutell, hannah. x. 177. 

Boutle, thomas. iv. 110. 

Bowdoin, james, governour of massa- 
chusetts. ii. 46. iii. 193. x. 28. 
29. his residence, iii. 197. his 
letter from gen. Washington, viii. 

Bowdoin, hon. james. i. 127. iii. 76. 
iv. 256. 

Bowdoin, william. iii. 193. 

Bowdoin, james, esq. x. 192. 

Bower, george. iv. 100. 

Bowers, . viii. 112. 

Bowles, deacon william. ii. 153. 

Bowman, nathaniel. vii. P. 4. 

Boyer, capt. viii. 156. 

Boyle, sir robert, friendly to new eng- 
land. i. (xxvii.) x. 125. the 
" particular acquaintance " and 
correspondent of gov. j. winthrop 
of massachusetts ; his letter to gov. 
endicott, acknowledging the honour 
conferred on him by massachusetts, 
and advising a more guarded lan- 
guage to be used towards the 
english government, viii. 49 — 52. 
eliot's dedication of the H indian 
grammar begun " to him. ix. 245. 

Boys, antipas. viii. 105. 

Boylston, dr. zabdiel, introduces in- 
oculation for small pox into massa- 
chusetts. i. 106. encounters op- 
position on account of it ; is made a 
member of the royal society, ii. 
159. dies. i. 106. ii. 159. 

Boylston, ward-nicholas. i. 118. 

Boylston medical society, i. 127. 

Boylston, town of. i. 162. 

Boylston, peter, ii. 144. 

Boylston, nicholas, presents a bell to 
the church in brookline. ii. 151. 

Boylston, richard. ii. 181. 

Boylston, thomas. ii. 181. 

Brackenberry, . v. 109. 

Brackett, james. iii. 103. 

Brackett, joseph-warren. iii. 103. 

Brackett, Joshua, iii. 119. 

Brackett, dr. x. 163. 164. 

Bradbury, thomas. iv. 170. 

Bradbury, k. x. 69. 

Braddock, edward, commander in 
chief of the king's forces in north 
america, killed. viii. 155. 156. 
his defeat on the banks of the mo- 
nongahela — an original account of 
british and american officers killed 
and wounded, viii 153 — 157. 

Bradford, . iii. 66. iv. 284. 

Bradford, william, governour of ply- 
mouth colony, i. (vi. xxix.) his 
manuscript history. i. 170. ii. 
260. v. (vi.) iii. 164. 100. 184. 
220. iv. 249. 291. v. 67. 90. P. 
70. assists in organizing the church 
atsalem. v. 119.~168. dies. vi. 329. 
555. vii. 138. deputy governour 
of plymouth colony, iii. 164. 190. 



iv. 266. vii. 144. 148. governour 
of plymouth, notice of. vi. 550. 
661. vii. 117. 190. vii. P. 3. (in 
prince's advertisement) quoted. 
P. 48. 62. vii. P. 58. his mistake 
corrected. P. 62. 74. sends sir 
Christopher gardiner a prisoner to 
boston ; letter to, from governour 
winthrop. vii. P. 27. comes to 
boston, vii. P. 38. after being go- 
vernour of plymouth colony nearly 
12 years, requests to be excused, 
and is chosen assistant, vii. P. 83. 
his letter from governour winthrop, 
giving an account of the hearing 
before the privy council, morton 
and others against massachusetts. 
P. 89. his history ends at 1647. 
P. 92. his letter from james sher- 
ley, one of the partners of the 
profits of plymouth colony. P. 
93. comes to boston about a 
company to trade to Connec- 
ticut. P. £4. viii. 182. ix. 38. 
" is vehemently taken with a 
grief and pain, and so shot to his 
huckle bone," but recovers. 44. 
supposed to be the author of a part 
of mourt's relation. 73. his letters 
referred to. x. 2. 61. declines a 
re-election ; his reasons, x. 70. 65. 
67. 68. 69. 

Bradford, alden, letter from. i. 103. 
vii. 181. his letter about duxbury 
and plymouth. x. 57. 

Bradford, gamaliel, warden of state 
prison, ii. 175. 

Bradford, rev. John, of roxbury. ii. 

Bradford, gershom. iii. 209. 

Bradford, major John iii. 214. 

Bradford, israel. iii. 208. 

Bradford, hezekiah. iii. 208. 

Bradford, perez. iii. 208. 

Bradford, ephraim. iii. 208. 

Bradford, william. iii. 208. 

Bradford, david. iii. 208. 

Bradford, John. iii. 190. 209. x. 67. 

Bradford, elisha. iii. 209. 

Bradford, capt. william. iv. 86. 

Bradford, mrs. alice. iv. 243. vii. 

Bradford, hon. william, of bristol, 
rhode island, iv. 285. 

Bradford, rev. ephraim-p. of new bos- 
ton, new hampshire. viii. 177. 

Bradford, Joseph, x. 67. 

Bradford, hannah. x. 180. 

Bradford, John. vii. 138. 

Bradley, isaac, taken prisoner by in- 
dians. iv. 128. 

Bradley, Joseph, his garrison taken by 
indians. iv. 129. 

Bradley, mrs. kills an indian with 
boiling soap. iv. 129. 

Bradley, rev. caleb, of falmouth, 
maine. iv. 181. « 

Bradstreet, simon, first secretary of 
massachusetts. ii. 87. vii. P. 29. 
iv. 22. 104. 110. with others, 
plants andover. viii. 14. gover- 
nour of massachusetts. iv. 203. 
assistant, v. 124. arrives. 133. 
vi. 363. commissioner. 466. ditto 
to maine. vi. 542. sent to eng- 
land to represent the loyalty of 
massachusetts to charles ii. vi. 
576. elected governour of massa- 
chusetts several years in succession. 
612. vii. 129. 190. assistant, vii. 
P. 5. 6. 21. notice of; governour 
to lord rich, at college ; steward to 
earl of lincoln, and to the countess 
of Warwick ; an assistant, vii. P. 
15. 21. 23. 25. 27. 30. 31. 32. 34. 
35. 58. 60. 61. 63. 65. 66. 68. 69. 
72. 85. 86. 91. 92. 93. builds at 
newtown. vii. P. 36. agent of 
massachusetts to england. viii. 53. 
55. 56. protests against an answer 
of the massachusetts general court 
to charles ii. viii. 108. 88. 91. 99. 
100. his letter from roger williams, 
concerning a book he was about to 
publish, and an answer to gorton. 
196. 198. viii. 229. 

Bradstreet, rev. simon, of charles- 
town. ii. 171 . 178. 

Bradstreet, samuel. viii. 105. 

Bradstreet, rev. nathan, of chester, 
new hampshire. ix. 368. 

Bragdon, arthur, ensign at york. vi. 

Bragg, , printer of haverhill 

paper, iv. 126. 

Brainford, conn, settled, vi. 319. 

Braintree, formerly mount wolaston. 
v. 102. ordination at. v. 276. 
petitions for leave to begin a plan- 
tation at showamet. vi. 414. 20th 
church in massachusetts planted 
at. vii. 24. 25. company, by or- 
der of court, remove to newtown. 
vii. P. 66. persons in england en- 



gage in making iron there, who pay 
roundly to lady experience for after 
wit. viii. 11. 

Brakenbury, , sworn a freeman. 

vii. P. 86. 

Brampton, thomas. viii. 97. 

Brandt, count, i. 177. 

Brant point, iii. 21. 

Brattle, hon. thomas, his account of 
witchcraft mentioned, iii. 221. 

Brattle, william. iii. 9. iv. 142. 

Brattle, thomas. viii. 105. 

Brattle, capt. of boston, viii. 197. 

Bray, rev. dr. ii. 193. 195. 

Bread, high price of. vii. P. 20. 

Breakheart hill. iii. 175. 

Breck, hon. samuel, a manufacturer of 
duck at boston, viii. 323. 

Breckenridffe, . ii. 12. 23. 


Breckl, edward. iv. 110. 

Breed, josiah. viii. 45. 

Breeden, capt. thomas, censured in 
massachusetts for contempt of au- 
thority, viii. 48. 82. 83. 105. 

Breed's hill. ii. 167. 168. 

Brenton, rev. dr. i. 216. 

Brenton, william, made a magistrate 
of rhode island by the king's com- 
missioners, vii. 93. governour of 
rhode island, vii. 98. honoured in 
boston. 136. x. 23. 

Brereton, capt. lieut. viii. 156. 

Brett, elder william. vii. 137. 138. 
143. 144. 147. 149. 150. 159. 162. 
163. 168. 

Brett, nathaniel. vii. 149. 150. 159. 

Brett, elihu. vii. 149. 150. 159, 163. 

Bretton woods, iii. 105. 

Brewer, . iv.*179. 206. 

Brewer, col. x 44. 

Brewster, wrestling, iii. 209. 

Brewster, . iii. 228. 

Brewster, love. x. 57. 58. 62. 64. 65. 
vii. 138. 

Brewster, Jonathan, iv. 224. x. 57. 
58. 62. 64. 65. 68. 

Brewster, elder, his character, v. 43. 
65. preaches to plymouth colony, 
but does not adminster the sacra- 
ments. 97. 204. his death, vi. 
663. vii. 29. P. 70. x. 57. 58. 62. 
64. 65. 68. his library. 65. 

Bricks, advice about, ix. 133. 

Bridgden, zechariah. ii. 177. 

Bridgden, thomas. ii. 178. 

petitions for 

141. ques- 

purchase of 

its bounds ; 

its school 

Bridge, John. ii. 162. iv. 76. 

Bridge, hon. matthew, of charles- 
town. ii. 167. 176. 177. 179. 180. 

Bridge, samuel. ii. 178. 

Bridge, nathaniel. iii. 269. 

Bridge, rev. josiah, of east sudbury. 
iv. 61. 

Bridge, ebenezer. iv. 90. 94. 

Bridge, rev. , of framingham. 

vii. 163. 

Bridges, capt. robert, sent by commis- 
sioners of united colonies of new 
i england, to treat with d'aulney. 
vi. 493. assistant. 519. vii. 58. 

Bridges, mrs. her confessions, iii. 224. 

Bridgham, Joseph, x. 26. 

Bridgewater, massachusetts, de- 
scription of. vii. 137. a part of 
duxbury. 137. 140. incorporat 
ed ; its taxes. 140. 
extension of bounds, 
tion about its bounds 
indians. 142. 143. 144 
its settlement. 146. 
lands. 153. emigration from ; 
population and taxes ; first interior 
settlement in plymouth colony. 
155. activity of its inhabitants in 
philip's war; attacked and burnt 
by indians. 156. indian fight at. 157. 
158. has lost but two persons in 
battle ; list of its representatives to 
plymouth & to massachusetts. 159. 
sends delegates to convention for 
forming massachusetts constitution, 
and for adopting united states' con- 
stitution ; its senators ; its ecclesi- 
astical history ; its west parish. 161. 
its south parish. 163. its north 
parish. 164. 166. its east parish. 
165. titicut parish. 167. its 
episcopal church ; its baptists. 167. 
its dwellings, families and persons; 
its schools and education ; makes a 
grant to harvard college. 168. its 
academy ; its educated men. 169. 
its ponds and rivers ; indians. 171. 
its mills. 172. its soil and agri- 
culture. 173. its manufactures 
and mechanicks. 175. its slitting 
mill, the second in new england. 
176. its militia. 176. 

Bridgewater's monitor, quoted, vii. 

Brief relation of the discovery and 
planting of new england. ix. ] . 
cause of its publication. 2, 3. 



Brief narrative, <fec. by matthew may- 
hew, jun. iii. 66. 

Brier creek, iii. 239. 

Brierton, capt. john. v. 10. 

Briggs, waiter, iv. 229. 241. 247. 

Briggs, . iv. 260. 282. 294. 

vii. 123. 

Brings, zepaniah. iv. 261. x. 37. 

Briggs, rev. John, of plympton. iv. 

Briggs, mrs. iv. 262. 

Briggs, john, aged 92. iv. 282. 

Briggs, rev. ephraim, of halifax. iv. 
282. 283. 

Briggs, , a mathematician, v. 


Briggs, clement, vii. 121. 

Briggs, rev. james, of cummington, 
massachusetts. viii. 172. x. 43. 

Brigham, capt. vii. 55. 

Bright, — . ii. 70. 

Bright, rev. francis, arrives in new 
england. v. 112. 113. 121. 122. 

Bright, henry, vii. P. 69. 

Brighton, formerly little Cambridge, 
iv. 143. its fair. vii. 115. 

Brigs, henry, his tractate about the 
width of the american continent, 
referred to. ix. 112. 

Brimsmead. rev. . iii. 187. 

Brinley, , quoted, vii. 96. 

Briscoe, , tutor at harvard col- 
lege ; his difficulties with president 
eaton. v. 247. 

Briscoe, nathaniel, of boston, drowned, 
vi. 422. 

Briscoe, , a tanner of water- 
town, writes a book against sup- 
porting ministers by taxes. vi. 
412. summoned before court, and 
acknowledges his errour. 412. his 
barn burnt. 423. 

Bristol, england, merchants of, raise 
money for a voyage of discovery, 
v. 11. people have a colony at 
newfoundland. viii. 226. 

Bristol, or pacanacot. vii. P. 58. 

Bristow, maj. challenges ingram. i. 71. 

British armament arrives at tybee. 
iii. 238. attacked at concord, iv. 
216. troops at lexington. iv. 215. 
use old south church as a riding 
school, vii. 180. 

Briton, cape. See cape breton. vii. 
P. 78. 

Britten, j. condemned to death for 
adultery, vi. 426. 

Brocas, capt. makes an experiment 
with vines in Virginia, ix. 118. 

Brock, (brook ?) capt. of the ship gift, 
v. 137. 

Brockhurst, capt. vi. 638. 

Bromfield, edward. x. 26. 28. 

Brook, lord. i. (xxvii.) iii. 151. iv. 
156. v. 177. his purchase at pas- 
cataqua. v. 221. 

Brooke, nathaniel. ii. 49. 

Brookes, sir john, a patentee of new 
england. v. 217. 

Brookfield, new hampshire. iii. 

Brookfield, massachusetts, settled, vi. 
591. destroyed by indians. 592. 

Brookline, massachusetts, historical 
sketch of, by rev. John pierce, ii. 
140. its situation and boundaries. 
140. formerly called muddy river ; 
first noticed in " new england's 
prospect." 141. its boundary line 
toward roxbury settled. 142. its 
first school. 142. formerly wor- 
shipped at roxbury ; its incorpora- 
tion opposed by boston. 143. pe- 
titions the general court to be in- 
corporated. 144. incorporated, on 
condition of building a meeting 
house, and settling an orthodox 
minister within three years ; not 
able to comply with the condition ; 
origin of its name ; mentioned by 
its present name long before incor- 
poration ; records of its incorpora- 
tion not found in the secretary's 
office. 145. acres in ; sends its first 
representative in 1709 ; its first 
meeting house ; its church gather- 
ed. 146. its burial ground ; fast at; 
147. its engine ; united in resist- 
ing great britain. 151. number of 
its families ; baptisms and church 
members at; census of; number of ' 
its houses ; many inhabitants of 
boston reside there in summer. 152. 
list of its ministers and deacons; 
its church plate. 153. its deaths; 
its diseases. 154. 155. list of its 
natives who have received a publick 
education. 156. 157. 158. some 
of its natives slain by indians. 160. 
its meeting house. 161. note on. 
iii. 284. 

Brooks, dr. i. 108. 

Brooks, rev. edward, of north yar- 
mouth. iv. 143. 



Brooks, hon. peter c. iv. 143. 
Brooks, william. iv. 241. 
Brooks, gilbert, iv. 241. 

Broom, . iii. 195 

Brown, . i. 138. 

Brown, daniel. ii. 129. tutor in yale 

college ; becomes an episcopalian. 

129. 131. 137. iv. 299. 
Brown, rev. cotton, minister of brook- 
line, ii. 149. 153. iv. 169. his 

character. 143. 
Brown, oliver, teacher at charlestown. 

ii. 170. 178. 
Brown, jesse. ii. 181. 
Brown, major, ii. 240. 243. 

Brown, . iii. 111. 

Brown, col. iii. 236. surprises the 

english. iii. 23(5. 
Brown, rev. elijah, of sherburne. iii. 

Brown, Jacob, settled on notichucky 

river, vii. 59. 
Brown, chadd. ix. 197. 
Brown, peter, for some time lost, to 

the grief of plymouth settlers, ix. 

44. 45. 
Brown, rev. edmund, of sudburv. iv. 

58. vii. 1.11.23. P. 4. 
Brown, rev. thomas, of stroudwater. 

iv. 143. 169. 
Brown, rev. francis, of north yar- 

mouth. iv. 181. 
Brown, francis. viii. 45. 
Brown, francis. viii. 106. 
Brown, rev. arthur, episcopal minister 

of portsmouth, new hampshire. iv. 

Brown, ward. iv. 90. 92. 94. 143. 


Brown, mrs. joanna. iv. 143. 
Brown, capt. his journey of military 

observation to Worcester, iv. 205. 

ditto to concord, iv. 214. 
Brown, rev. John, of haverhill. iv. 

132. 169. his account of the throat 

distemper at haverhill. 134. his 

ordination, salary, character, death 

and epitaph. 142. 
Brown, rev. John, of cohasset. iv. 

94. 143. 
Brown, john. iv. 220. vi. 414. vii. 

Brown, John, an assistant. v. 121. 

122. viii. 97. 
Brown, john. viii. 45. 
H Brown, john. viii. 107. 
II Brown, john. x. 178. 

vol. x. 33 

Brown, samuel. v. 122. viii. 97. 

Brown, rev. samuel, of abington. vii. 

Brown, dr. samuel. i. 121. 

Brown, elder richard, produces a dif- 
ficulty at watertown. v. 142. 143. 
complains to the assistants, v. 164. 
dismissed from watertown for faults; 
formerly ruler of a church in lon- 
don ; his kindness to dr. am<-s and 
r. parker. 187. sworn a freeman 
of massachuselts. vii. P. 29. says 
the church of rome is a true church, 
which causes difficulties at waler- 
town. P. 31.32. and is conclud- 
ed to be in an errour. P. 32. but he 
adheres to his opinion. P. 38. 39. 

Brown, rev. richard. iv. 141. 

Brown, bartholomew. vii. 160. 

Browne, james. viii. 106. 

Browne, Joshua, viii. 106. 

Browne, william. viii. 106. 

Browne, Joseph, viii. 107. 

Browne, john. x. 62. 176. 

Brown, john. x. 176. 

Brownism, v. 182. 

Brown's island, iii. 182. 

Brownists. i. 167. their opinions on 
ecclesiastical government. 200. 
many of, remove to holland. v. 182. 
put the government of the church 
into the hands of the people. 

Bruce, rev. John, of mount vernon, 
new hampshire. viii. 178. 

Bruch, (burch ?) atherton, proctor of 
oxford university, expelled, vii. P. 

Brunning, minheer, a dutch booksel- 
ler, of boston, described by dunton. 
ii. 102. 

Brunswick, maine, destroyed by in- 
dians. viii. 254. 

Bryant, solomon. iii. 13. 16. 

Bryant, sergeant john. iv. 240. 

Bryant, Joseph, iii. 17. 

Bryant, john. iii. 208. 

Bryant, Jonathan, iii. 209. 

Bryant, benjamin, iii. 208. 

Bryant, rev. lemuel, of braintree, now 
quincy, buried at scituate. iv. 238. 

Bryant, peter, m. d. notice of. x. 42. 

Bryant, , presented to ply- 
mouth court for drunkenness, x. 

Buchanan, lieut. viii. 156. 



Buck, isaac. iv. 241. 
Buckingham, rev. Stephen, of nor- 
walk, Connecticut, iv. 297. his 
letter on episcopacy, iv. 301. 
Buckingham, marquis of, a patentee 

of new england. v. 217. 
Buckley. See bulkley. 
Buckminster, rev. dr. Joseph, of ports- 
mouth, new hampshire. ii. 271. 

Buckminster, , his tavern, iv. 

207. 209. 
Buckminster, rev. Joseph s. memoir 
of; ordained at brattle square, bos- 
ton, ii. 271. goes to europe ; re- 
turns and dies ; excels in philology 
and biblical criticism, ii. 272. his 
publications ; his posthumous ser- 
mons, ii. 273. 
Buffalo river, ii. 15. 
Bulkley, rev. peter, arrives, iii. 154. 
155. his " gospel covenant open- 
ed ;" a masterly reasoner in theo- 
logy, ii. 260. moderator of synod 
atcambridge. v. 298. ordained at 
concord, v. 274. vii. 128. 
Bulkley, peter, sent to england to an- 
swer complaints made by heirs of 
gorges and mason. vi. 613. vii. 
29. viii. 181. 
Bulkley, rev. edward. vi. 663. x. 

Bull, dixie, and others, pirates, v. 
160. about pemaquid, account of. 
vii. P. 91. viii. 232. 233. turn 
pirates, rifle pemaquid, &c. being 
the first pirates in new england. P. 
Bull, henry, ix 179. 
Bull, lieut. thomas. viii. 139. 140. 152. 
Bulgar, richard. viii. 232. 
Bullard's hill. i. 180. 
Bullets not to be put into training 
. guns, except in certain cases, vii. 
P. 63. 

Bullen, , a missionary, ii. 16. 

Bullivant, dr. of boston, described bv 

dunton. ii. 105. 124. 
Bum pas, edward. x. 57. 
Bumpas, Jacob, iv. 259. 260. 294. 
Bunker's hill. ii. 168. battle of. 167. 
Bunker, rev. benjamin, ii. 177. 
Bunker, mrs. x. 178. 
Bunker, John. ii. 178. 
Burbank, moses. x. 75. 
Burbank, timothy, a chorister, iv. 

Burdet, sarah. x. 177. 

Burdet, rev. , gets himself 

made governour of pascataqua, but 
is forced off. v. 221. 263. mis- 
represents new england. 263. ar- 
rives and consults the government 
of massachusetts. vi. 353. 354. 
governour at pascataqua. vi. 356. 
his misrule and vices ; arrested and 
fined, vi. 361. goes to england 
and is imprisoned. 361. 

Burgess, Joseph, iv. 259. 

Burgess, . iv. 260. 

Burgess, professor tristram. iv. 261. 

Burgoyne, general, iii. 236. station- 
ed with his army at Cambridge after 
his capture, viii. 295. 

Burial hill. iii. 179. 

Burke quoted, i. (xii.) 

Burkit's annotations, iii. 16. 

Burnap, rev. dr Jacob, of merrimack, 
new hampshire. viii. 178. 179. his 
sermon, x. 56. 

Burnett, gov. i. 151. 

Burnett, dr. ii. 63. 

Burning, capital punishment, instance 
of, in massachusetts. ii. 166. 

Burr, peter, iv. 86. 

Burr, rev. Jonathan, difficulties in dor- 
chester about his opinions, v. 278. 
vii. 20. 

Burr, john. vi. 308. 

Burr, rev. Jonathan, vii. 169. 

Burr, john. viii. 107. 

Burr, henry, emancipates his slaves, 
viii. 187. 

Burrill, . vii. 123. 

Burroughs, francis. ii. 100. his kind- 
ness to dunton, and his character by 
dunton ii. 123. 

Burroughs, rev. . iv. 120. . I 

Burroughs, rev. , one of the 

assembly of divines at Westminster, 
vi. 534. 

Burrows, . iv. 277. 

Burton, . vi. 516. 

Burton, lieut. col. viii. 156 

Burwell, hon. william a. letter from, 
i. 27. 

Bushnell, john. viii. 105. 

Buss, john. x. 176. 

Buthrick, rev. , quoted, x. 121. 

Butler, rev benjamin, of nottingham, 

new hampshire. iv. 78. 
Butler, capt. vi. 523. 

Butler, . iii. 66. 

Buttels, john. viii. 106. 



Butterfield's meadow, origin of its 

name. v. 252. 
Buttermilk bay. iii. 175. 
Button, john. iv. 110. 
Buzzard's Bay. iii. 53. 75. 164. x. 

47. 48. oysters at. iii. 191. its 

tides, viii. 194. 196. 
Byfield, nathaniel. x. 26. 
Byles, rev. dr. ii. 186. his new eng- 

land hymn. iii. 176. 
Byram, or byron. vii. 151. 
Byram, nicholas. vii. 143. 145. 148. 

*149. 152. 154. 155. 157. 164. 
Byram, abigail. vii. 152. 
Byram, josiah. vii. 154. 155. 
Byram, ebenezer. vii. 154. 155. 159. 
Byram, Joseph, vii. 154. 155. 
Byram, benjamin, vii. 155. 
Byram, eliab. vii. 170. 
Byram's brook, vii. 172. 
Byron, or byram. vii. 151. 

Cable, John. viii. 232. 

Cabot, Sebastian, his discoveries. v. 

8. 9. made grand pilot of england 

and ireland ; receives a pension. 9. 
Cabot, John, his discoveries, v. 8. 
Cabot, hon. george. ii. 172. 
Cactus opuntia. iii. 24. 
Caddo language, ii. 23. 25. 28. 
Caddoques indians, their residence, 

number and warriours. ii. 23. 26. 
Cadiz people treat shipwrecked new 

englahders well. vi. 526. 
Calamus aromaticus early seen in abun- 
dance in new england. ix. 18. 
Caldwell, major, ii. 239. 
Caldwell, john. viii. 107. 
Caledon, earl of, his letter from b. f. 

seaver, about tristan d'acunha. ii. 

Calef, robert. iii. 221 . 
Calfe, mary. x. 178. 
California, ii. 29. straits of. v. 27. 
Call, samuel. viii. 115. 
Calamy,rev. dr. his account of ejected 

ministers referred to. i. 169. 
Callender's (rev. john) century sermon 

referred to. i. 210. ix. 182. 
Calvert, sir george, sends out a colony 
i to new-foundland. viii. 386. 
Calvin, i. 247. iv. 18. 
Calvinism of the dutch, i. 140. 
Cambridge, i. (ix.) the 8th church 

gathered ; the seat of government, 

iii. 136. 137. the 11th church gath- 
ered. 152. grant to. iv. 77. or 
newtown, settled, v. 158. a synod 
at, sets forth a platform, v. 184. 
its college founded by rev. j. har- 
vard. 237. (See harvard college.) 
synod at. v. 298. its people re- 
move to hartford. vi. 307. meet- 
ing of ministers at. vi. 415. first 
synod in new england held at ; ac- 
count of. vii. 1. provincial con- 
gress held at. 160. convention 
held at, to form massachusetts con- 
stitution. 161. second synod held 
there, viii. 8. american army at, 
of which general Washington takes 
the command x. 3. 

Cambridge platform referred to. iii. 
276. set forth, v. 184. 

Cameron, alexander. vii. 59. agent 
from england to cherokees. 59. 
plans the destruction of east tennes- 
see. 60. 

Cammocke, capt. v. 216. begins to 
plant in maine. v. 224. vii. P. 70. 

Campbell, duncan, a scotch bookseller 
at boston, ii. 102. 

Campbell, col. ii. 244. 

Campbell, rev. othniel, of carver and 
tiverton, sketch of. iv. 277. 

Canacocome. y. 61. 

Canada, its expense to great britain. 
iii. 122. battle in, sir william phips 
commander of english and new eng- 
land troops. iii. 256. surrender- 
ed by treaty of charles i. to the 
french. vii. P. 78. proposed to be 
invaded by massachusetts by order 
of charles ii. viii. 101 

Canada river, iii. 259. 

Canal from chailestown to newtown. 
vii. P. 31. 

Canaries, vi. 256. 

Canaumut neck. iii. 2. 

Cances indians, their number and re- 
sidence, ii. 25. 

Canchattas indians, their number and 
residence, ii. 26. 

Canfield, edward, esq. appointed by 
his majesty governour of new hamp- 
shire, arrives, vi. 614. 

Canne, rev. , author of margin- 
al references to the bible, i. 168. 

Canon and feudal law, a dissertation 
on, by hon. john adams. i. (xxvii.) 

Canonicus, chief sachem of the nar- 
ragansets, embassy to. iv. 42. 



43. his court. 42. remains neu- 
ter in the pequot war. 43. his 
advice to the pequots. 44. sa- 
chem of massachusetis. vi. 452. 
453. his death. 464. his war 
with the pequots. vii. P. 59. an 
enemy of ply mouth colony. ix. 
95. a friend of rhode island. 202. 
his grant to roger williams. 169. 
and miantonimo, their contest with 
ousamequin. vii. 75. his sons, an 
army sent against them by united 
colonies of new england. viii. 2. 

Cantaugcanteest hill. *i. 177. 

Cape ann, origin of its name. i. (xx.) 
ii. 69. named by capt. mason ; 
settled. v. 102. 105. dorchester 
people establish as a place for fish- 
ing. 106. or cape tragabizanda ; 
granted by plymouth council to 
capt. mason, vi. 614. 615. whirl- 
wind at. 628. french vessel wreck- 
ed at. 649. vii. 32. 

Cape breton surrendered by treaty of 
charles i. to the french. vii. P. 78. 

Cape charles, origin of its name. v. 
12. ix. 110. 

Cape cod. iii. 21. bass and mackerel 
fishery at. 220. visited by gos- 
nold ; origin of its name. v. 10. 
indians. 33. an embalmed person 
and whales found there by plymouth 
pilgrims, ix. 35. 36. or paomet. 50. 

Cape cod canal, papers about ; early 
proposed, viii. 192. report about 
of a committee of massachusetts 
general court in 1776, with thomas 
machiii's estimates. 193 — 196. 

Cape diamond, ii. 243. 244. 

Cape Francois. iii. 241. 

Cape harbour, x. 67. 68. 

Cape henry, origin of its name. v. 
12. fort at early, viii. 109. 

Cape james visited by capt. darmer. 
ix. 11. 

Cape poge. iii. 40. 46. 58. 72. 

Cape poge pond. iii. 72. 

Cape porpoise, v. 14. comes under 
the jurisdiction of massachusetts. 
vi. 543. vii. P. 66. 

Cape sables, Scottish plantation at, 
purchased by the french ; under the 
care of cardinal richlieu. v- 161. 

Cape shoals, vi. 61 1. 

Capel, lord, executed, iv. 157. 

Capital laws established in massachu- 
setts. 1841 , 1642. a list of. iv. 112. 

Capowake, now martha's, or martyn's, 
vineyard, v. 6d. 

Captaiu's hill. iii. 185. x. 58. 62. 

Carder, richard. ix. 179. 182. 

Cardigan mountain, viii. 174. 

Carding at Christmas, questioned, x. 
182. 183. 

Cards and dice forbidden, vii. P. 23. 

Careswell, the name of gov winslow's 
farm. x. 62. 65. 66. 

Carew, gome. v. 36. 

Carew, or cary. vii. 151. 

Carey's american museum, referred 
to. x. 81. 82 

Carlisle, earl of. v. 89. vi. 668. 

Carman, capt. his victory over a turk- 
ish ship, near the isle of palma. vi. 
424. drowned. 525. 

Games, rev. John. iv. 149. 

Carolina walnut, iv. 270. 

Carolina, north, and Virginia troops, 
with general robertson and others, 
vanquish the cherokees. vii. 61. 

Carpenter, william. ix. 170. 182. 

Carr, sir robert, commissioner with 
col. nichols and others to new eng- 
land. vi. 585. 665. vii. 79. 91. 92. 
(And see nichols, col. and commis- 
sioners.) viii. 52. 58. 62. 64. 75. 77. 90.92. 95. 

Carratuncas, carrying place, ii. 231. 

Carter, , deputy governour of 

providence island, vi. 378. 

Carter, rev. ; thomas, first of woburn, 
iii. 161. ordained by one of the 
church members, vi. 408. vii. 40. 

Carter, John, sent from east tennessee 
to north Carolina for assistance, vii. 

Cartier, *— , referred to. x. 132. 

Cart wright, rev. , a non-con- 
formist, v. 118. 

Cartwright, col. george, commission- 
er, with col. nichols and others, to 
new england. vi. 577. 665. vii. 
92. notice of. vi. 579. (See com- 
missioners, and nichols, col.) is 
taken by the dutch and loses his 
paoers. vi. 585. vii. 79. 98. 103. 
viii. 58. 62. 64. 75. 77. 81. 82. 84. 
87. 90. his arrival at boston. 92. 
95. 96. 

Carver, John, first governour of ply- 
mouth colony. i. (vi.) iii. 229. 
231. 232. v. 46. 53. 62. dies. 66. 
and his wife. 67. ix. 38. arrives 



with plymouth colony, consisting of 
about one hundred persons. 167. 

Carver, occupation of its inhabitants, 
iii. 164. description of. iv. 271. 
its situation, soil and productions ; 
its rivers, brooks and ponds. 271. 
274. its iron ore. 272. its cedars, 
&c. 272. its furnaces. 272. 273. 
its mills, and fish. 274. its man- 
ufactory of baskets ; its houses and 
inhabitants. 276. its census. 277. 
its ministers. 277. 

Carver, with bland, sent to acco- 
mack. i. 46. hung. 47. 

Carver, , (the traveller.) ii. 2. 

9.38. x. 87. 

Cary, John. vii. 138. 143. 147. 149. 

Cary, henry, viscount falkland, un- 
dertook to plant a colony in new- 
foundland. viii. 225. 

Cary, richard. ii. 46. 47. 178. 

Cary, rev. thomas, of newburyport. 
ii. 178. iv. 144. 

Cary, francis. vii. 149. 

Cary, Jonathan, vii. 149. 

Cary, james. vii. 149. 

Cary, or carew. vii. 151. 154. 

Cary, eliphalet. vii. 160. 

Cary, caleb. vii. 160. 

Cary lucius. vii. 170. 

Casco bay. iv. 160. v. 14. 16. whale 
cast up at. vi. 642. v. 31. 

Case of the governour and company 
of massachusetts bay, stated by sir 
w. jones, king's attorney general, 
vi. 617—621. 

Casely, william. iv. 239. 

Casely, edward. iv. 240. 

Castahanas indians. See pastanownas. 

Castine, sieur de, marries an indian. 
viii. 256. 

Castine, baron de s. an indian chief, 
viii. 256. 

Castor and pollux. ii. 99. 

Catanoneaux indians. ii. 42. 

Cataidin or natardin mountain, a de- 
scription of. viii. 112. indian super- 
stition about. 116. 

Cate, mary. x. 176. 

Caterpillars destructive in massachu- 
setts. viii. 18. 

Catchmay, sir richard, a patentee of 
new england. v. 217. 

Catholick missions among indians of 
new spain. ii. 30. 

Cattle first brought to plymouth. v. 
94. early brought to Virginia, viii. 
210. price of, in massachusetts. 
v. 238. 

Cawcatant. v. 61. 

Cawgust, or saugus. iv. 3. 

Cayuga, or keiuga, indians, their num- 
ber, &c. viii. 244. 

Cecil, lord general, viii. 208. 

Cedar brook, iv. 272. 

Cedar point, iv.228. 

Cedar swamp, ii. 160. iv. 272. 275. 

Centre— centre tree. vii. 141. 

Century sermon of dr. kendall cited, 
i. (xxv.) of callender. i. 210. 

Cephas, mrs. x. 180. 

Chactaws. ii. 3. their residence ; 
tradition concerning their origin. 
16. their language, agriculture, 
civilization and numbers. 17. their 
annuity. 18. 20. 26. 27. 28. 

Chadbourne, , builds a great 

house at strawberry bank. v. 219. 

Chaddock, capt. comes to new eng- 
land for men and money, vi. 424. 
his pinnace blown up and strange 
sights seen. 425. viii. 23. 

Chaddock, , governour of ber- 

mudas. vi. 424. 

Chaddock, rev. calvin, of rochester. 
iv. 263. x. 33. 

Chactoos indians, their residence and 
number, ii. 27. 

Challons, capt. henry, sent on disco- 
very, with two ameriean indians, to 
north america, by the new england 
company; his misfortunes, ix. 3. 

Chalmers, george, esq. x. 192. 

Chamberlain, deacon aaron. viii. 45. 

Chamberlain, nathaniel. viii. 45. 

Chamberlain, abraham. ii, 144. 

Chamberlain, william. ii. 162. 

Chamberlain, , secretary of 

new hampshire. vi. 617. 

Chamberlin, ■ . vii. 155. 

Chambers, thomas. iv. 239. 

Chamblee. vi. 639. 

Chamisso, , a naturalist of ber- 

lin. iv. 98. 

Champernoon, capt. and mr. gorges, 
grant to of lands at agamenticus. v. 
224. vi. 584. 

Champion, dickason and burgis pre- 
sent a bell to charlestown. ii. 

Champion, . iii. 194. 



Champney, richard. ii. 162. iv. 

Chandler, edmund. vii. 138. x. 57. 

67. 69. 
Chandler, william. viii. 106. 
Channing, dr. waiter, i. 117. 
Chapawack, or martha's vineyard. 

iii. 89. 
Chapin, rev. perez, of pownal. iv. 

Chapin, rev. Stephen, of montvernon. 

viii. 178. 
Chapin, dr. x. 83. 

Chaplain, rev. , elder, at wea- 

thersfield. vi. 307. 314. 
Chapman, ralph. iv. 224. 
Chappaquiddick. iii. 70. description 

of. 72. 
Chappaquonset. iii. 74. 
Chard, caleb. vii. 120. 123. 
Chard, william. vii. 120. 
Charderton, dr. vii. P. 15. 
Charity, ship, of dartmouth, arrives 

with provisions, v. 240. 
Charles ii. grants new york, martha's 
vineyard and other islands to duke 
of york. iii. 85. address to, from 
massachusetts, on his restoration, 
vi. 557. his answer. 561. gives 
a favourable reception to agents of 
massachusetts ; sends commission- 
ers to new england. 577. 665. 
his instructions to the commission- 
ers. 578. 665. his letter to mas- 
sachusetts requiring a declaration 
of war between england and france 
to be published in massachusetts. 
viii. 102. his birth and christening, 
vii. P. 16. 
Charles, an indian. vii. 143. 
Charles, the ship, arrives at salem. 
v. 129. 132. vii. P. 10. is attack- 
ed by dunkirkers. v. 140. 141. 
vii. P. 19. 
Charles, of oleron, ship, trial of. iv. 
102. owned by t. deane and oth- 
ers ; a decision regarding it produ- 
ces complaints, viii. 71. which 
case is appealed to the king's com- 
missioners. 82. 83. but massa- 
chusetts general court summons 
the parties to a hearing, and gives 
notice to the commissioners. 88. 
Charles, of dartmouth, ship, cast away 

at piscataqua. vi. 420. 
Charles, of barnstaple, ship, brings 

passengers, cows and mares. ?ii. P. 

Charles river, named, i. (xx.) iii. 
136. 265. v. 16. indians at. v. 

Charles river bridge, description of. 
ii. 172. pays a revenue to harvard 
college. 166. 

Charles river, Virginia, ix. 110. 

Charles's neck, in rochester. iv. 251 . 

Charleston, south Carolina, surrenders 
to the british. iii. 244. 

Charlestown. i. (ix.) its church 
gathered, being the second in mas- 
sachusetts. ii. 88. described by 
Johnson. 89. history of by dr. 
josiah bartlett. ii. 163. its situa- 
tion and extent; its indian name. 
163. its first fortification ; its 
church gathered ; court of assist- 
ants at, on board the arbella. 164. 
most of its inhabitants remove to 
boston ; small pox at ; its first 
meeting house ; its first delegates 
to general court ; purchases gov. 
winthrop's house ; fines those who 
neglect to attend town meeting. 
165. character of its inhabitants ; 
judicial courts at;- its dry dock the 
first inr the country; fires at. 166. 
its ferry and bridges. 166. 167. 
deserted before the battle of bun- 
ker's hill. 167. its fortifications. 

168. is destroyed by the british. 
167. is rebuilt. 169. its build- 
ings and inhabitants ; its votes for 
governour, etc.; its newspaper; 
its births and deaths ; its streets. 

169. its state taxes remitted; aid- 
ed by a lottery ; applies to congress 
for relief without effect ; its publick 
buildings ; its congregational, bap- 
tists' and universalists' meeting 
houses ; its church bell presented 
by messrs. champion, dickason and 
burgis, of london ; its law about 
brick buildings. 170. its bridge; 
its congregational, baptist and uni- 
versalists churches founded. 171. 
its fire society ; a monument erect- 
ed to gen. Joseph warren by its 
freemasons ; some baptists at deny 
the necessity of ordination ; its so- 
cieties ; description of its bridge. 
172. 173. the first town that in- 
stituted funeral honours to washing- 
ton. 173. character of its inha- 



bitatits ; its manufactures, marine 
hospital and navy yaid; its military 
hospital. 174. its state prison; 
but one of its inhabitants, thornas 
danforth, took part with the british. 

175. opposed to british treaty of 
1795 ; its inhabitants republicans. 

176. its men bred at harvard col- 
lege. 177. its militia. 179. its 
schools and school houses. 180. 
184. its professional men. 180. 
its Washington hall. 181. its 
births and deaths. 182. its cen- 
sus. 183. its manufactures. 183. 
184. iii. 136. iv. 155. planted, 
v. 134. 158. becomes a church 
distinct from boston, and settles 
rev. mr. james. v. 187. divisions 
in its church. 191. its ferry 
granted to harvard college. vii. 
28. taxed £7 out of £50 in mas- 
sachusetts. vii. P. 1. its people 
remove to boston. P. 1. its taxes 
for the support of ministers. P. 6. 
its people prevented from attending 
church in boston by the ice. P. 7. 
its ferry proposed and regulated. 
P. 6. 30. its first church member. 
P. J 2. its people die of scurvy. 
P. 19. its tax. P. 57. 31. 85. 
viii. 230. joins with boston in con- 
tributing to build rev. j. wilson's 
meeting house and house at boston, 
vii. P. 65. list of its church mem- 
bers, many of whom removed to 
boston, being 151 that had joined it. 
P. 68. 69. its people, members of 
charlestown and boston church, 
which had been removed to the 
latter place, are dismissed to form 
for themselves a church at charles- 
town, under rev. mr. james. P. 69. 
70. which is formed. P. 71. its 
church covenant. P. 72. fire at. 
viii. 24. a battery at. 72. profits 
of its ferry to harvard college in 
the time of president dunster. x. 

Charlevoix, ii. 2. 7. quoted, viii. 
256. x. 132. 

Charlotte furnace, in carver, iv. 272. 

Charter of new england ; its date, 
vii. P. 13. x. 68. 

Charter of massachusetts, a legal opin- 
ion about, i. (xxvii.) taken away, 
iv. 160. from william and mary. 
iii. 87. iv. 160. x. 68. 

Charter of rhode island from earl of 
Warwick, vii. 78. from parliament 
of england. vii. 83. 
Charter rights of rhode island, papers 

concerning, vii. 98. 
Chase, . iii. 66. iv. 179. 200. 

Chase, rev. Stephen, of newcastle,new 
hauipshire. iv. 78. 

Chase, rev. Stephen, of lynn. viii. 176. 

Chase, deacon francis. x. 177. 

Chaudiere pond. ii. 232. 234. 

Chaudiere river, ii. 233. 235. 236. 

Chaumont, father, composed a gram- 
mar of huron language, viii. 250. 

Chauncey, rev. israel, leather mitten 
ordination of, at Stratford, Connecti- 
cut, ii. 132. 

Chauncey, rev. nathaniel, of hatfield. 
iv. 85. 245. 

Chauncey, elnathan, of boston, iv. 
85. 245. 

Chauncy, president c. protests against 
the synod at Cambridge, i. 201. 
his " anti-synodalia " answered by 
rev. mr. alien of dedham. 202. 
204. referred to. vi. 590. a great 
divine, ii. 260. iv. 220. 222. 233. 
of scituate. iv. 239. notice of. 245. 
his opinions on baptism, vi. 544. 
dies. 607. 663. vii. 10. 

Chauncy, rev. dr. charles. of boston, 
ii. 190. 256. iii. 198. viii. 282. 

Chawanok river, ix. 114. 

Checkett, Joseph, iv. 240. 

Checkley, mis. mary. iv. 101. 

Checkley, rev. samuel, sen. of boston, 
iv. 131. 142. 

Checkley, rev. samuel, jun. of boston, 
iv. 131. 

Checkley, samuel. x. 26. 27. 

Chedwick, charles. iv. 110. 

Cheesauncook lake. viii. 115. 

Cheesborough, william. vii. P. 60. 
P. 69. viii. 233. 

Cheeshahteaumuck, Caleb, the only 
indian who has received the honors 
of harvard college, ii. 178. 

Cheesman, capt. ii. 244. slain. 246. 

Cheever, dr. ezekiel. ii. 175. 

Cheever, thomas. ii. 178. vii. 130. 

Cheever, rev. samuel. iv. 92. 

Cheever, ezekiel, the schoolmaster, 
notice of. vii. 129. his accidence, 
written at new haven. 129. 130 — 

Chiesman, taken by beverly. i. 63. 
dies in prison. 63. 



Chiesman, mrs. her great affection for 
her husband, i. 64. 

Chelmsford settled, vi. 543. 

Chelsea bridge, cost of. ii. 171. 

Chepachewest. iv. 289. 

Cherokees indians. ii. 13. mission 
to ; formerly resided near charles- 
tovvn, south Carolina. 13. their 
residence, numbers, agriculture and 
annuities. 13. mistakes about its 
school corrected. iv. 65 — 69. 
make treaty with Virginia, vii. 58. 
59. vanquished, and make treaty 
with north Carolina, Virginia, and 
tennessee. 61. cede kentucky, 
and land on Cumberland river, to 
the whites, vii. 62. 

Cherokees river, ii. 19. 

Cherry valley, x. 64. 

Cheselden, . i. 108. 

Chesmore, martha. x. 177. 

Chespiacke river, Virginia, ix. 110. 

Chester, new hampshire, sketch of its 
ministers and churches, ix. 368. 

Cheverus, right rev. bishop, x. 127. 

Chiachioumas indians. ii 15. 

Chickamauga, indians at, vanquished 
by isaac shelby. vii. 62. attack 
the whites there, vii. 64. 

Chickatabut. See chikkatabut. 

Chickering, rev. Joseph, of woburn, 
his dedication sermon, and account 
of Johnson, ii. 95. 

Chickesaws indians. ii. 3. 13. their 
residence. 15. formerly carried 
their wars to mexico and new spain. 
15. their warriours. 15. their 
school, civilization, numbers and 
annuity. 16. mission to. 13. 

Chiennes indians, their progenitors 
supposed to have come from wales 
with madoc. ii. 36. their residence 
and number. 36. 

Chiennes river, ii. 36. 

Chignecto. iii. 194. 

Chikkatabut. v. 61. or chickatabut, 
a sachem at neponset. vii. 143. 
dines with, and receives presents 
from gov. winthrop. P. 25. 26. 
promises to pay for any damage 
done by his tribe. P. 29. 58. a 
man punished for stealing from. 
P. 35. his men put in the bilboes 
and punished by him for assaulting 
englishmen. P. 65. alias wampa- 
tuck, sells land at bridge water to 
peregrine white, x. 70. 

Chikohacki indians. ii. 6. 

Child, dr. caleb. ii. 158. 

Child, major john, his confutation, etc. 
iv. 107. 

Child, dr. robert. iv. 107. his peti- 
tion. 108. 111.112. his imprison, 
ment. 120. 199. grievances con- 
tained in his petition to court of 
massachu setts, vi. 500. 512. ar- 
gument before the court, in which 
gov. winthrop says that there lie no 
appeals to england. 514. fined. 
515. arrested for seditious petition. 
515. again petitions against massa- 
chusetts ; his dispute with mr.'wil- 
loughby. 518. 

Chilmark. iii. 45 — 49. its husband- 
ry. 50 — 53. its buildings and 
shipping. 74. 88. its mills. 60. 

Chilmark point, iii. 72. 94. 

Chilmark great pond. iii. 41. 

Chilton, mary, the first person who 
landed at plymouth. iii. 174. vii. 

Chilton, richard. iii. 174. 

Chilton, susanna. iii. 174. 

Chilton, james vii. 153. 

Chimnies forbidden to be of wood, 
vii. P. 23. 

Chipman, ward. i. 231. 

Chipman, John, esq. iv. 143. 

Chipman's hill. ix. 131. 132. 

Chippaquiddick island, iii. 19. 40. 
59. 70. 93. its light house and 
buildings. 72. 73. 

Chippaquiddick neck. iii. 72. 

Chippaquonset. iii. 46. 56. 

Chippeway indians, their language, 
ii. 6. 10. 12. 

Chippeway river, ii. 12. 40. 

Chippeway indian language. See x. 
index. 155 — 158. 

Chippewyan indians, their residence, 
number and language, ii. 42. 43. 

Chise, its meaning, ix. 91. 

Chittenden, thomas. iv. 240. 

Choate, John, esq. iv. 137. 148. 

Choate, rev. , of kingston, new 

hampshire. ix. 367. 

Choctaws. See chactaws. 

Cholmley, capt. viii. 156. 

Chop, west and east, iii 39. 

Choris, a russian painter, iv. 98. 

Christian disciple, i. 232. 

Christian monitor, i. 258. 

Christiantown. iii. 93. 



Christianity, its influence on indians. 
iii. 87. vi. 04!>. 660. 

Christmas, not allowed to be kept in 
massachusetts. viii. 86. celebra- 
tion of, questioned, x 182. 183. 

Chubbuck. iv. 294. vii. 123. 

Chudley, george, a patentee of new 
england. v. 217. 

Chuppateest island, iv. 289. 

Church, richard. iii. 184. J85. x. 57. 
66. 68. 

Church, richard. vii. P. 4. 

Church, col. benjamin, iv. 63. his 
expedition against king philip. vii. 
157. 158. x. 66. 

Church, dr. benjamin, i. 111. 

Church, . iv. 260. 

Church's history, quoted, iii. 175. 

Church, congregational, founded by 
rev. h. Jacob, i. 166. one formed 
in plvmouth, england, irk 1630. vii. 
P. 41. 

Church officers in new england, how 
to act. ii. 54. 

Church of england, address of massa- 
chusetts colony to, from on board 
the arbella. v. 126. 

Church members only admitted to be 
freemen in massachusetts. v. 148. 
cannot be dismissed at their own 
request, x. 184. seven necessary 
to constitute, ii. 71. 

"Church government and church co- 
venant dismissed," quoted, iv. 119. 

Church covenant, form of, at woburn. 
vii. 41. 

Church, can it have several pastors ? 
vii. P. 64. 

Church at plymouth, its forms of pub- 
lick worship. P. 70. which are 
gradually given up. P. 71. 

Churches, twelve first in massachu- 
setts, list of. i. (xxv.) in new 
england in 1700, list of. (xxvi.) 
foundation of, in new england. iii. 
123. method of settling differences 
in those of new england. vi. 608. 

Churches, bishop laud's form of con- 
secrating, vii. P. 51. 52. popish 
form of, forbidden by parliament. 
P. 51. because it produced riots, 
etc. P. 76. ?7. the forms were 
introduced by pope felix and grego- 
ry. P. 77. 

Churches and ministers in new hamp- 
shire. x. 54. 
vol. x. 34 

Churchill, sarah. iii. 224. 

Churchill, Stephen, iv. 87. 

Churchill, . iv. 294. 

j Chyenne river, ii. 41. 

Cicero, quoted, i. (xvi.) 

Cilley, widow, x. 179. 

Circular letter of massachusetts his- 
torical society, i. 14. ii. 277. 

City, a great one proposed in new eng- 
land. v. 229. 230. 

Civil actions early in massachusetts. 
v. 159. 

Civil government of first planters, 
outlines of. ii. 57. iv. 21. 

Clap, lieut. roger. vii. 54. one of the 
first settlers of dorchester, notice of. 
P. 40. his account of bull, the pi- 
rate. P. 91. viii. 44. 

Clap, samuel. iv. 245. 

Clapp, thomas. iv. 239. 

Clapp, edward. iv. 110. 

Clap, rev= thomas, president of yale 
college, iv. 245. 

Clap, rev. thomas, of taunton, after- 
wards judge, iv. 245. 

Clap, samuel. iv. 245. 

Clapp, major earl. x. 32. 

Clarendon, earl, saying of massachu- 
setts. i. (xxvii.) addresses from 
rhode island, about charter rights, 
vii. 98. proposed grant to, from 
rhode island. 101. lord chancellor, 
letter quoted, viii. 76. 

Clark, thomas, sen. of ipswich. viii. 

Clark, thomas, of boston, viii. 90. 91. 
x. 24. 25. 

Clark, thomas, of scituate. iv. 

Clark, thomas, jun. of ipswich. viii. 

Clank, thomas, jun. of boston, x. 25. 

Clark, thomas, 3d. viii. 107. 

Clark, nathaniel. viii. 106. 

Clark, nathaniel, secretary of ply- 
mouth colony, vii. 144. viii. 182. 

Clark, waiter, governour of rhode 
island and providence plantations, 
letter from sir e. andros, about the 
surrender of rhode island charier, 
viii. 180—183. 

Clark, John. x. 25. 

Clark, John. x. 27. 

Clark, timothy, x. 26. 

Clark, rev. ward, of kingston, new 
hampshire. ix. 367. 

Clark, rev . i. 217. 



Clark, rev. ephraim, of cape elizabeth. 

iv. 180. 
Clark, rev. , of lexington. iv. 

Clark, rev. samuel, of Vermont, i. 

258. ii. 158. 
Clark's point. iii. 19 

Clarke, . ix. 38. 

Clark, william, sworn a freeman of 

massachusetts. vii. P. 29. 
Clarke, John, forms a baptist church 

at newport. i. 210. vi. 339. 343. 

agent for rhode island. vii. 87. 

89. 98. 99. viii. 58. his church 

at newport sends disputants in 

favour of baptists to. the publick 

debate on that subject at boston. 

viii. 112. ix. 179. letter to about 

quakers, privileges, etc. vii. 85. 

commissioner. 90. 93. 
Clarke, thomas. x. 66. 69. 
Clarke, william. iv. 230. 259. 293. 

vii. 138. 
Clarke, susanna. iv. 303. 
Clarke, george. iv. 93. 
Clarke, dr. samuel. iii. 233. 
Clarke, william. x. 27. 
Clarke, deacon samuel. ii. 153. 
Clarke, , the companion of go- 

vernour lewis, ii. 23. 
Clarke, . iii. 169. iv. 

Clarke's island, iii. 162. 181. 183. 

188. claimed by sir e. andros. 

189. 196. named, v. 57. 
Clavigero, his valuable history of 

mexico referred to. ix. 225. 228. 

Clay for oil cisterns, iii. 24. 

Cleaveland, , preacher at bath, 

new hampshire. iii. 108. 

Cleaveland, . iii. 66. 

Cleaver, rev. — — — — . vii. P. 12. 

Cleaves, nathaniel. viii. 45. 

Clement, . iv. 132. 

Clements, robert. iv. 170. 

Clerk, . vii. P. 86. 

Clerke, william. vii. P. 4. See clarke. 

Cleves, , agent for owners of 

plough patent, v. 224. vi. 368. 
seeks aid from massachusetts ; 
calls a court at casco. 368. ap- 
pears at court in massachusetts. 

Clergy. See ministers. 

Cliff at gay head. iii. 44. 

Clinical lectures at harvard college. 
i. 126. 

Clinton, sir h sails with an expedition 

for south Carolina, iii. 242. 
Clinton, hon. de witt. x. 192. 
Clock, a very curious one. iii. 27. 
Clotworthy, sir John. v. 180. 
Clough,john. iv. 110. 
Coatuck point. iii. 20. 
CoatUe point, iii. 23. 24. 33. 
Coatuit river, iii. 1 . 3. 7. 
Coatuit pond. iii. 175. 
Cobb, elder henry, i. 175. iii. 193. 

iv. 222. 233. 239. 247. 277. 
Cobb, mrs. patience, iv. 247. 
Cobb, John. iv. 93. 247. 
Cobb, edward. iv. 247. 
Cobb, gershom. iv. 247. 277. 
Cobb, mrs. sarah. iv. 247. 
Cobb, elisha. iii. 193. 
Cobb, ebenezer. iii. 193. dies at 

kingston, massachusetts, aged 107 

years 6 months and 6 days. 

Cobb. capt. sylvanus, anecdote of. iii. 

192. 193. 
Cobb, rev. oliver, minister of roches- 

ter. iv. 262. 263. x. 32. 33. 
Cobb, nathaniel. x. 37. 
Cobbet, rev. thomas, of lynn. ii. 281. 

his writings, v. 194. iii. 112. viii. 

Cobbiseconte. vii. P. 74. 
Cobble hill. ii. 168. 
Cobler, simple, of agawam, extract 

from. vi. 624. 
Cochituate. iv. 77. now andover. 
Coddington, gov. william. iii. 285. 

assistant, v. 124. 128. vii. P. 6. 

15. 21. 23. 60. 88. 91. 92. 93. ix. 

179. goes to london. v. 140. 
259. vi. 339. removed from the 
office of magistrate. 339. and 
joins with nicholas easton. 343. 
engagement as judge in rhode 
island, vii. 96. 97. magistrate of 
massachusetts. 129. returns to 
england. vii. P. 22. 25. first go- 
vernour of rhode island. P. 69. ar- 
rives with his wife. P. 88. the 
father of rhode island, ix. 179. 

180. x. 23. deposition of; makes 
peace with canonicus and mianto- 
nimo, in behalf of all the narragan- 
sets ; settles at aquidneck, now 
rhode island, vii. 76. deputy go- 
vernour of rhode island. 93. 

Codman, capt. John, of charlestown, 
poisoned by his servant, ii. 166. 



Codman, richard. ii. 178. 
Coff, niary. iii. 32. 
Coffin, tristram. iv. 170. viii. 106. 
Coffin, ebenezer, impeached for trad- 
ing with an enemy, claims habeas 
corpus, viii. 240. 242. 
Coffin, rev. peter, of kingston, new 

Hampshire, iv. 78. 
Coffin, enoch, longevity of his family. 

iii. 71. 
Coffin, love. iii. 71. 

Coffin, hepzibah. iii. 71. 

Coffin, elizibeth. iii. 71. 

Coffin, abigail. iii. 71. 

Coffin, joha. iii. 71. 

Coffin, enoch. iii. 71. 

Coffin, deborah. iii. 71. 

Coffin, benjamin, iii. 71. 

Coffin, daniel. iii. 71. 

Coffin, bulah. iii. 71. 

Coffin, admiral sir isaac. x. 192. 

Coffin, . iii. 06. 

Coffin, . iv. 179. 

Coggeshall, John a follower of easton. 
vi. 343. clerk of rhode island as- 
sembly, vii. 112. sworn a free- 
man. P. 72. viii. 182. 229. ix. 
179. disfranchised, x. 23. made 
a magistiate of rhode island by 
the king's commissioners, vii i'>3. 

Cogswell, rev. Jonathan, his account 
of saco. iv. 184. ordained at 
saco. iv. 188. 

Cohakias indians. ii. 8. 

Cohannet river, iii. 169. 

Cohannet. iii. 169. 

Cohasset. iv. 71. 223. 224. 

Coinage, early, 1652, in massachu- 
setts. ii. 274. 

Coitmore, or coytmore, thomas, lost at 
sea. viii. 18. 

Coke, sir edivard, speaker of house of 
commons, a friend to the liberties 
of the people. v. 87. 123. 151. 

Colbert, g. ii. 16. 

Colborn, deacon william. iii. 235. 
v. 186. vii. 136. P. 4. ordained. 
P. 5. 60! 69. his house hurnt. P. 
22. sworn a freeman of massachu- 
setts. P. 29. x. 23. 

Coibourn, rev. samuel-w. of abing- 
ton. vii. 121 . 

Coibourn, robert. viii. 107. 

Colby, rev. philip, of middleborough. 
vii. 167. 

Colby, anthony. viii. 233. 

Colby, rev. zaccheus, of Chester, new 

hampshire ix. 368. 
Colchester brook, iii. 163. iv. 268. 

Colchester swamp, iii. 189. 

Colcot, edward, governour at dover, 
when there were but three houses, 
v. 219. 

Colcot, edward, of hampton, killed 
by indians. vi. 633. 

Cold, remarkable instance of, april 
30, 1658. vi. 647. and June 5, 
1673. 648. 

Cold brook, iv. 223. 

Cold harbour, v. 55. 

Cold river, vii. 124. 

Colden, his history of the six nations, 
referred to. ix, 230. 

Cole, robert vii. P. 60. 86. his fine, 
viii. 23!. ix. 170. 

Cole, james. iv. 304. 

Cole, mary. iv. 304. 

Cole, ephraim. iv. 87., 

Cole, thomas, insuucter. ii. 249. 

Cole, iv. 277. 

Cole brook, south meadows. iv. 

Cole's hill, first burial place at ply- 
mouth, iii. 179. its fortification. 

Coling, william. viii. 233. 

Colamore, peter, iv. 241. 

Collecot, richard. viii. 231. 

Collection in charlestown to defray 
expenses of rev. mr. torrey's law 
suit. ii. 200. 

College. S^e harvard, yale, &c. 

College of physicians, petition for. i. 

Collier, william. iv. 220. commis- 
sioner, vi. 467. vii. 138. x. 57. 
notice of; an agent with e. wins- 
low to treat about the union of four 
colonies. 61. 04. 67. (5S. 69. 

Collier, rev. william, minister of the 
baptist church in charlestown. ii. 
171. 178. 180. 

Collins, , goes to rhode island. 

vi. 340. marries a daughter of mrs. 
hutchinson. 341. goes to boston, 
where he is imprisoned and fined for 
reproaching the churches. 342. 
343. killed'by indians. 345. 

Collins, francis. viii. 106. 

Colman, jcseph. iv. 240. 

Colman, rev. dr. benjamin, i. (xxx.) 
106. 232. ii. 147. his letter to 
gov. belcher. 186. x. 39. 



Colman, John, iii. 32. 
Colman, priscilla. ii. 32. 
Column's hill, iv '224. 

Colonics, episcopacy in. ii. 190. 

Colonies of massachusetts, Connecti- 
cut, and new liaven form a union to 
oppose the dutch, swedes, french 
and indians. vii. 44. 

Colonies, united, termed a usurpation 
by the king's commissioners, vii. 

Colony from kent, england, settle 
scituate. iv. 239. 

Colony court, iii. 186. 

Colonv records of massachusetts, cit- 
ed, vii. i25. 

Colorado river, ii. 25. 

Colson, . iv. 249. vii. 123. 

Columbia river, ii. 23. 43. 

Columbus discovers north america. 
v. 8. 

Colve, monsieur, from the west in- 
dies, surprises the fort at new york. 
vi. 611. under a dutch commission 
surprises new york. 667. 669. 

Combe, francis. iv. 93. 

Coinee, Joseph, viii. 45. 

Comet appears a short time before the 
arrival of the first settlers of new 
england. ii. 64. 

Comingoe, rev. bruin-romeas, ordain- 
ed over the dutch calvinistick con- 
gregation at lunenburg, nova scotia, 
the first dissenting ordination in 
that place, viii. 281. 

Committee meet to fix upon a place 
for a fortified town in massachu- 
setts. vii. P. 7. 8. 

Committee of massachusetts legisla- 
ture to mashpee indians, their re- 
port, iii. 9. 10. 12. 

Commission from charles ii. to cart- 
wright and others, vi. 665. 

Commissioners of society for propa- 
gating the gospel, iii. 8. 9. (heir 
report. 12. 

Commissioners from massachusetts to 
york, maine, copy of their com- 
mi sion. vi. 599. an account of 
their doings returned and ordered 
to be recorded. 596. meet with 
difficulties in executing their com- 
mission. 597. 

Commissioners appointed by cam- 
bridge to inhabitants of* shawshin. 
iv. 76. 

Commissioners of united colonies 

publish an account of proceedings 
against the narragansets and 
others, vi. 454. meet at boston. 
466. form articles of confedera- 
tion. 467. their declaration about 
difficulties with the narragansets. 

Commissioners from charles ii. to 
massachusetts, their instructions, 
vi. 576. after reducing the dutch 
at new york, return to boston. 581. 
resolve to sit as a court of appeals 
without a jury. vi. 583. summon 
the governour and council of mas- 
sachusetts to appear before them. 
583. summon by the sound of a 
trumpet. 583. refuse to treat any 
more with massachusetts; leave 
boston and three of them go to pas- 
cataqua ; appoint justices of peace 
in province of maine. 584. letter 
from to capt. dennison. vii. 81. 
letter to John clarke. 85. 

their decision about lands in provi- 
dence plantation, vii. 92. 99. 105. 
appoint justices of the peace in 
rhode island. 93. make court of 
assistants justices of the peace in 
rhode island. 92. 93. their pro- 
position to general assembly 
of rhode island declaring the 
king's pleasure touching the oath 
of allegiance, admission of free- 
men, liberty in religious mat- 
ters, laws and defence of the colo- 
ny. 94. sent to inquire about 
the complaints of rhode island peo- 
ple. 99. regulate the government 
of rhode island. 100. See nichols, 

Committee of lords and commons 
on the subject of gorton's com- 
plaints, send settlers to Connecticut, 
vi. 507. 509. 

Common prayer, i. 154. first pub- 
lickly read in boston town house by 
rev. dr. radcliff. ii. 106. liberty 
of using it required by the king, 
viii. 48. 54. not allowed in massa- 
chusetts. 71. 

Commons of massachusetts to pro- 
pound assistants, and to inform 
against them. vii. P. 28. 

Compton, lord. vii. P. 12. 13. 

Conahasset neck. iv. 220. 221 . 223. 

Conahasset marsh. iv. 246. vii. 



Conanacus. See canonicus. 

Conant, roger. v. 102. his charac- 
ter ; appointed agent of the planta- 
tion at cape ann. 106. removes to 
naumkeag. 107. 109 111. 11(5. vii. 
P. 4. sworn freeman of massachu- 
setts. vii. P. 29. 60. 

Conant, william. vii. 105. 

Conant, sylvanus vii. 169. 

Conant, william. vii. 170. 

Conant, daniel. viii. 45. 

Conant, Jacob, ii. 17S. 

Conant, rev. ezra, of Winchester, new 
hampshire. ix. 367. 

Conant, gaius. vii. 170. 

Conant's island granted to governour 
vvinthrop, and its name changed 
to governcur's garden. vii. P. 

Concord, massachusetts. i. (ix.) 
british troops destroy stores at. ii. 
225. iv. 216. oppose the british. 
ii. 225. its church, the 12th in 
massachusetts, gathered, iii. 154. 
number of its inhabitants ; first in- 
land town. 155. difficulties in 
planting. 156. 159. or musketa- 
quid, settled, v. 158. ordination 
at. 274. fire at. vi. 419. vii. 
126. provincial congress at. vii. 

Concord and lexington, list of provin- 
cials killed and wounded in those 
battles, viii. 45. 

Concord river, iv. 52. 76. 

Confederation of united colonies of 
new england, reasons of. vi. 465. 
466. articles of. 467. 

Confession of faith, agreed on at the 
synod at boston, ordered to be pub- 
lished, v. 624. 

Confessors of witchcraft, their recan- 
tations, iii. 221. 

Conformitants, or formalists. ii. 

Congregational church government, 
v. 183. 

Congress, first continental, its com- 
mittees ; approves the Suffolk re- 
solves ; its resolutions respecting 
the non-importation of british 
goods; transacts business slowly. 
ii. 222. 

Conies early carried to Virginia, viii. 

Conihasset. See conahasset. 

Connecticut churches disturbed 

by the episcopal controversy, ii. 
129. 133. iv. 297. colony, heads 
of inquiry about, ii. 216. clergy 
of, write to the ministers of boston, 
on the gloomy aspect, of publick af- 
fairs. 255. its signification, iii. 
99. settlement at by people from 
Cambridge. 150. 151. parts of 
near the sea, discovered by govern- 
our winthrop's barque, " the bless- 
ing." 171. granted to the dutch 
west india company, v. 172. In- 
dians at. v. 31. number of people 
who arrive at. 263. known to the 
dutch as fresh river; its first set- 
tlement; planted by massachusetts 
people, vi. 305. removal to. 306. 
sufferings at ; managed by people 
commissioned by massachusetts. 
308. but afterwards form a go- 
vernment for themselves. 309. 
purchase of mr. fenwick. 310. 
obtains a charter through their go- 
vernour and agent, mr. j. winthrop. 
310. 311. its court of election ; di- 
vided into four counties. 311. 
towns in them. 311. 312. county 
courts. 312. others than church 
members may be magistrates ; 
ecclesiastical affairs. 313, dis- 
turbed by the dutch. 432. quiet- 
ed by commissioners. 435. plan 
of, sent to england. vii. 100. 
105. 127. spelt conaatacut. P. 
25. receives letters from lords and 
commons about gorton's com- 
plaints, vi. 507. 509. disputes 
about baptism, &c. vi. 562. or 
fresh river, made known to the 
plymouth people by the dutch. 
vii. P. 93. visited by them. P. 
94. a trading house set up 
there. P. 94. 95. massachusetts 
and plymouth people form a com- 
pany to trade there. P. 94. which 
project is given up. P. 94. its 
charter from charles ii. uniting new 
haven with it. viii. 124. 125. sends 
troops under capt. mason against 
the pequots. 131. again. 133. 
great scarcity of corn in. 153. a 
quo warranto sent against by sir e. 
andros. 237. president stiles' his- 
tory of, in manuscript, referred to. 
268. list of donations of towns and 
individuals in, made to boston dur- 
ing the port bill. ix. 159. 161. 165. 



colony of, settled by mr. haius, w. 
hopkins, mr. hooker, mr. ladlowe 
and others, ix. 175. defeats the 

pequots. x. 59. prepares to make 
war upon the narragansets and 
dutch. 60. 
Connecticut river, discovered by the 

dutch, and called fresh river, v. 

18. plymouth trading house at. 

172. vii. 124. 
Conner, benjamin, x. 177. 
Conney, john. viii. 105. 
Conohasset. See conahasset. 
Conscience, questions of. x. 182. 

183. provisions for liberty of, in 

rhode island, vii. 78. 79. 
Consociation of churches, questions 

about, i. 198. 
Conspiracy of indians at martha's 

vineyard, iii. 81. 
Consumption ; among indians. ii. 

68. more frequent after a cold 

winter, iv. 75. formerly uncom- 
mon in new england. v. 21. 
Contempt of authority punished, vii. 

P. 27. 
Contoocook river, vii. 66. x. 74. 
Contoocook, now boscawen. x. 74. 
Contract, the solemn, signed in cape 

harbour by plymouth colony. i. 

Contributions to harvard college, vi. 

Controversy respecting the synod at 

Cambridge, i. 201. 
Convention held at Cambridge to form 

constitution of massachusetts. vii. 

Converse, edward. ii. 166. vii. P. 

4. sworn a freeman. P. 2.9. sets 

up a ferry between boston and 

charlestown. P. 30. 69. viii. 232. 
Cony island, iv. 289. 
Cook, capt. james. ii. 43. 
Cooke, francis. iii. 164. 184. vii. 

148. his tools stolen by indians. 

ix. 47. 
Cooke, capt. george. ii. 96. vii. 55. 

sent by massachusetts, captures 

gorton and others, ix. 199. 
Cooke, john. iv. 100. 
Cooke, caleb. iv. 63. 
Cooke, elisha, sen, iv. 167. x.25. 
Cooke, elisha, jun. iv. 167. x. 27. 

Cooke, rev. william, of east sudbury. 

iv. 60. 61. 

Cooke, francis. iii. 208. 

Cooke, Jacob, iii. 209. 

Cooke, Jacob, jun. iii. 208. 

Cooke, robert. iii. 209. 

Cooke, william. iii. 209. 

Cooke, elisha, of boscawen. x 

Cooke, william. iv. 60. 
Cooke, rev. samuel, of west Cambridge. 

ii. 149. 
Cooke, samuel. viii. 45. 
Cooke, sylvanus. iv. 63. 
Coolidge, Joseph, viii. 45. 
Cooly, daniel. viii. 238. 

Coombe, . iv. 260. 

Coombs, margaret. x. 179. 

Cooper, . v. 197. 

Cooper, john, his donation to barn- 
stable church. i. 175. iv. 239. 
Cooper, rev. william, of boston, i. 

Cooper, william. x. 2"*. 
Cooper, rev, dr. samuel, of boston. 

iv.261. viii. 313. 
Cooper, rev. joab-g. of scituate. iv. 

Cooper, . i. 138. 

Cooper's island, iv. 224. 

Coopers, very early incorporated in 

massachusetts. viii. 13. 
Coos, its signification, pronunciation, 

and locality, iii. 103. 
Coos county, iii. 97. 
Coose river, ii. 16. 19. 
Cop, elder david, of boston. viii. 

Cope, . viii. 156. 

Copeland, . vii. 155. 

Copeland, george. vii. 169. 
Copeland, patrick. viii. 31. 
Copeley's paintings, iii. 169. 
Copin. See coppin. 
Copperas, facilities for making at new- 

bury, Vermont, ix. 134. 
Copp, mrs. x. 180. 
Coppin, robert, pilot of the first set- 
tlers at plymouth ix. 36. 
Copt hill court, vii. 188. 
Coquillee. ii. 29. 
Coran-canas indians, their residence 

and numbers, ii. 25. 
Corbatant See corbitant. 
Corbean river, ii. 40. 41. 
Corbet, miles, vi. 349. ix 185. 
Corbitant, indian sachem, v. 68. in- 
imical to plymouth. ix. 54. 




iii. 173. iv. 90.91. 

an early schoolmaster in massachu- 
setts. vii. 131. 132. 

Corlis, . iv. 132. 

Corn, high price of, in massachusetts 
colony. v. 139. 140. scarce in 
massachusetts, having been destroy- 
ed by a hurricane, v. 162. price 
of, regulated, v. 246. a tender in 
payment of debts. v. 246. vii. 
P. 35. unless money or beaver is 
expressed, vii. P 35. price of. 
vii. P. 1. 10. 20. 29. 59. 86. 
viii. 243. purchase of without 
leave prohibited. vii. P. 30. 
how affected by wet and cold 
summers, vii. P. 65. indian, very 
small, &c. in 1632. vii. P. 65. very 
scarce, its high price in Connecti- 
cut, viii. 153. method of plant- 
ing, iii. 158. 

Cornbury, lord, persecuted by pres- 
byterians. i. 145. ii. 263. 

Cornhill harbour or creek, v. 55. 

Cornhill, , some of his family 

killed by indians. vi. 345. 

Cornhill, or forthill, boston, its fortifi- 
cation begun, on which charlestown 
people, &c. woik. vii. P. 61. 

Cornish's tavern, iii. 201. 

Cornwallis, lord. iii. 236. 245. iv. 

Coroas indians. ii. 15. 

Corpus santos. ii. 99. 

Correction, house of, ordered to be 
built at boston, vii. P. 68. 

Correspondence of rev. dr. i. eliot. i. 
221/ J 

Corrivor, meaning of. vi. 625. 

Corson, abigail. x 179. 

Corveset, zaccheus. vii. 76. 

Corwin, capt. viii. 90. 

Corydon. 'x. 179. 

Cosskaty. iii 24. 26. 

Cottages forbidden to be erected at a 
distance from protection, iii. 163. 

Cotterell, francis. vi. 600. 

Cotting, amos. iii. 269. 

Cottington, lord. v. 151. 153. 

Cottle, . iii. 66. 

Cotton, rev. John, of boston, his resi- 
dence, i. (xxx.) 194. jealous of 
the authority of government. 195. 
ii. 86. 108. arrives, iii. 134. ap- 
pointed teacher in boston church. 
135. 285. iv. 7. 104. thursday 
lecture. 114. 143. 156. 157. 

advice to r. saltonstall. 157. v. 
65. of boston, england. 134. 135. 
168. arrives in new england. 169. 
his fast sermon. 174. 175. 
" way of the churches in new eng- 
land," influence in ecclesiasti- 
cal affairs. 182. ordained teach- 
er of church in boston. 188. 
success. 190. opinion of roger 
Williams. 203. preaches at salem, 
and persuades females not to 
wear veils. 205. 215. 280. quoted. 
281. religious opinions. 289. 
discourse about sanctification. 
291. difficulties on account of 
religious opinions. 298. an- 
swers to questions submitted to 
synod at Cambridge. 299. 

treatise of the new covenant re- 
ferred to. 302. letter to r. 
saltonstall. vi. 341. argues that 
magistrates should be chosen for 
life. 386. " bloody tenet wash- 
ed," quoted. 402. in favour of 
sending men to england to treat 
with divines. 409. death and 
character. 553. entered the uni- 
versity at thirteen years of age. vii. 
5. 29. 41. P. 13. 15. obliged to 
hide from bishop laud's pursuivants ; 
his letter. P. 80. x. 56. so- 
lution of questions of conscience. 
183. letter to francis hutchin- 
son on the power of the church to 
dismiss a member of good standing 
at his request. 184. 

Cotton, mrs. x 182. 

Cotton, seaborn, afterv. T ards a student 
at Cambridge college, born during 
passage to new england. ii. 85. 
son of rev. John cotton. 86. 

Cotton, rev. John, minister of ply- 
mouth, iii. 187. his salary. 188. 
iv. 245. 

Cotton, rev. John, of yarmouth. iv. 

Cotton, rev. roland, of sandwich, iii. 
173. iv. 143. 161. 234. 

Cotton, josiah. iii. 173. iv. 86. 90. 
92. vii. 165. account of ; his eng- 
lish and indian vocabulary referred 
to. ix. 241. x. 81. 

Cotton, rev. John, of newtown. ii. 

Cotton, deacon thomas. ii. 153. 

Cotton, rev. John, of halifax, massa- 
chusetts. iv. 93. account of. 



282. member of Massachusetts 
convention ; his library. 283. 
his printed works. 282. 294. 

Cotton, josiah, jun. iv. 93. 

Cotton, rev. josiah, of sandown, new 
hampshire. iv. 78. 

Cotton, rev. samuel, of litchfield, new 
hampshire. iv. 78. x. 56. 

Cotton, John, esq. iv. 92. 93. 

Cotton, rev. josiah, minister of ware- 
ham, iv. 293. 

Cotton's diary, quoted, iii. 194. 

Cough, an epideuiick, prevails 
through newengland. vi. 554. 

Coulson, v. 122. 

Council and president of new eng- 
land, their dedication of the H brief 
relation, &c." ix. 1. their doings 
misrepresented. 2. 3. 5. send out 
capt. challons, who is unfortunate. 
3. their charter renewed. 11. 12. 
13. but is opposed and brought un- 
der notice of parliament, as a mo- 
nopoly. 14. 15. send out several 
plantations with patents. 19. and 
many ships. 20. and propose to 
build all their ships there. 20. 
send people to select a port for 
their principal town. 20. their 
proposed form of government for 
new england. 21. 22. 

Council of piymouth resigns its char- 
ter. v.272. 

Council, standing, in massachusetts. 
vii. 53. 

Counsellor, a heavy fine imposed on 
him who refuses to take the office 
in piymouth colony, vii. P. 75. 

Counties, four in massachusetts colo- 
ny, vii. 53. 54. 

County courts authorized to compel 
support of ministers vi. 551. 

Courage of females, instances of. i. 

Court, iohnson's mistake about, vii. 
P. 4. 

Court of commissioners in rhode 
island, vii. 79. letter from about 
indian complaints. 181. 182. 

Courts in mass, regulated, v. 234. 

Courts, two general, established and 
regulated, v. 235. 

Courts, how to be held. vii. P. 57. 

Courts in hillsborough county, vii. C)6. 

" Covenant of grace opened," by 
rev. peter bulkley, notice of. ii. 

Coventry, j. x. 69. 

Coverly, nathaniel, prints the first 
newspaper in amherst, new hamp- 
shire. ii. 252. and at piymouth, 
massachusetts. iii. 177. 

Cowasset. iv. 223. 

Cowasset river, iv. 265. 

Cowell, Joseph, viii. 181. 

Cowes. fleet for massachusetts at. v. 

Cowesuck. iv. 265. 

Cowesit brook, vii. 171. 

Cowhart, capt. lieut. viii. 156. 

Cowin,john. iv. 241. 

Cowin, . iv. 260. 

Cowper, dr. i. 108. 

Cowper, poet, quoted, iii. 179. 

Cows at £28 each, 150 cows at £25. 
iii. 159. ordered to be kept at 
piymouth. iii. 185. price of, falls 
from £22 to £6 and £8. vii. 35. in 
massachusetts in 1630. vii. P. 7. 
intended for massachusetts, chiefly 
die at sea. vii. 1°. 9. 

Cowyard, or place of anchorage in 
piymouth harbour, iii. 182. 

Cox, John. iii. 116. 

Cox, lieut. iv. 218. 

Cox, moses. x. 176. 

Coxit. iii. 53. 

Coytmore, capt. drowned, v. 525. 

Craddock, matthew. ii. 64. chosen 
governour of the massachusetts 
company in england. v. 109. a 
wealthy merchant ; chosen first go- 
vernour of massachusetts. 120. 
subscribes £100 for massachusetts 
colony. 122. 129. 146. 226. ap- 
pears before privy council in behalf 
of massachusetts. vii. P. 89. his 
fishermen, vii. P. 32. governour, 
&c viii. 73. 78. 104. letter 
to John endicolt, at salem, about 
sending ships, men and cattle 
thither, and desiring some " good 
sturgeon" to be sent to him, &c. 
viii. 116. 120. 

Crafts, rev. thomas, of middlebo- 
rough. vii. 166. 170. 

Crafts, jonathan-p. vii. 170. 

Craig, abigail. x. 178. 

Craige, william. x. 176. 

Craige, mrs. x. 176. 

Cranberries found at piymouth by 
pilgrims. iii. 176. abundant in 
carver, iv. 275. 

Cranch, richard. i. 214. 



Crane, robert, subscribes £50 for mas- 
sachusetts colony, v. 122. 

Crane, daniel. vii. 160. 171. 

Crane brook pond. iii. 181. iv. 272. 

Cranston, capt. iv. 93. 

Crapo, nicholas. iv. 303. 

Crawford, and others, drowned in 
charles river, v. 197. 

Creek pond. iv. 122. 

Creeks indians. ii. 3. 26. 28. origin 
of their name, their language. 18. 
their numbers, residence, character 
and annuity. 19. 

Crees indians. ii. 11. 13. 

Croade, thomas. iv. 282. 

Croade, . iv. 282. 

Crocker, william. iv. 240. 

Crocker, jobn. iv. 240. 

Crocker, dr. John. x. 178. 

Crocker, rev. nathan-b. vii. 167. 

Crocker, . iv. 277. 294. 

Crimble, capt. viii. 156. 

Crito, a signature of w. tudor. viii. 

Cromwell, oliver, prevented from sail- 
ing to new england by charles i. 
i. (xxviii.) verbal commission from 
to commanders at sea. vi. 550. 
ix. 185. his letter to rhode island 
colony, vii. 80. 

Cromwell, richard, addressed by pro- 
vidence plantations, ix. 192. let- 
ter to from rhode island colony, 
vii. 88. for confirmation of charter. 

Cromwell, capt. first a common sea- 
man of boston, receives a commis- 
sion for privatering from the earl of 
Warwick ; captures rich Spanish 
vessels ; strikes a drunken sailor, 
which causes his death ; is tried by 
a council of war at plymouth, and 
is acquitted, caesus ex utero mater- 
no. vi. 527. 528. captures a cu- 
rious sedan chair. 486. 

Cromwell, , the first inhabitant 

of tyngsborough, conceals his pro- 
perty and escapes from the indians. 
iv. 196. 

Cromwell, molly, x. 179. 

Crooked pond. iii. 118. viii. 168. 

Crop, plentiful in massachusetts in 
1631. vii. P. 36. 

Crosby, jaazaniah. iv. 181. 

Crosby. .. iii. 66. 

Crosby's history of baptists, referred 
to. i. 168. 
VOL. X. 35 

Croswell, rev. andrew. iv. 278. 

Crow indians, their language, number, 
warriours and residence, ii. 35. 36. 

Crow, william. iv. 93. 

Crow, capt viii. 156. 

Crow wing river, ii. 41, 

Crown point, expedition against, x. 3. 

Croydon mountain, viii. 174. 

Cuba discovered, v. 8. 

Cudworth, capt. james. iv. 222. 
agent to england. 225. 239. x. 62. 

Cudworth, israel. iv. 241. 

Cufchankamang, or Windsor, Connec- 
ticut, settled, vi 307. 

Cullen. i. 138. 

Cultivation of the oak. i. 187. 

Cumber, dr. vice chancellor, vii. P. 

Cumberland river early explored, vii. 
62. 63. 

Cumeehes indians. ii. 29. See te- 

Cumings, rev. dr. of billerica. iv. 

Cummaquid, a sachem, ix. 53. 54. 
submits to the king of england. 68. 

Cummings, john. x. 54. 

Cummings, jotham. iii. 111. 

Cummings, john. i. 116. viii. 172. 
purchases cummington. x. 41. 

Cummings, rev. abraham. iv. 278. 

Cummington, massachusetts, account 
of. x. 41. origin of its name ; 
situation and extent ; surface ; 
factories and mills. 41. geology 
and mineralogy ; soap-stone quar- 
ry ; climate ; educated men, libra- 
ry and schools. 42. ecclesiastical 
history ; benevolent societies. 43. 
history. 44. settlement, incorpo- 
ration, inhabitants. 44. 45. 

Cunningham, nathaniel. x. 28. 

Cunningham, mrs. x. 180. 

Curson, samuel. viii. 164. 

Cursing punished, vii. P. 66. 

Curtis, william. iv. 241. 

Curtis, richard. iv. 241. 

Curtis, . iv. 179. vii. 123. 

Curwin, capt. Jonathan, viii. 44. 

Cushing, matthew, of hingham. iv. 
221. 248. 

Cushing, john, of scituate. iv. 241. 

Cushing, rev. Jeremiah, iv. 133. 140. 

Cushing. rev. caleb, of Salisbury, iv. 



Cushing, hon. thomas. x. 27. 28. 

Cushing, hon. John. vii. 164. 

Cushing, thomas, jun. x. 28. 

Cushing, rev. Jonathan, of dover, new 
hampshire. iv. 78. 141. 

Cushing, rev. james, of north parish 
in haverhill and plaistow, new 
hampshire, ordination, death and 
character, iv. 147. 

Cushing, mrs. mary. iv. 93. 

Cushing, rev. John, of boxford. iv. 

Cushing, hon. thomas. x. 29. 

Cushing, rev. Jacob, of waltham. ii. 
152. iii. 271. 281. death and 
character. 282.283. 

Cushing, hon. william. iv. 93. chief 
justice. 153. 248. 

Cushing, hon. Joseph, x. 3. 

Cushing, Matthew, iv. 90. 95. 

Cushing, charles. iv. 90. 95. 

Cushing, hon. John, of freeport, no- 
tice of. iv. 182. 

Cushing, hon. nathan. iv. 248. 

Cushing, gen. thomas-h. quarters at 
charlestown. ii. 174. 

Cushing, , printer, ii. 252. 

Cushing, . iv. 285. vii. 


Cushing's works, (mills.) vii. 172. 

Cushenock, ply mouth trading house, 
vii. P. 74. 

Cushman, robert, agent for the pil- 
grims at leyden. v. 46. 50. 69. 
returns to england ; reasons shew- 
ing the lawfulness of removing from 
england to america. ix. 64. 73. 

Cushman, james. iv.240. 

Cushman, thomas. iii. 164. 

Cushman, rev. isaac, minister of 
plympton. iv. 270. 

Cushman, john. iii. 208. 

Cushman, ebenezer. iii. 208. 

Cushman, robert. iii. 208. 

Cushman, thomas. iii. 216. 

Cushman, elkanah. iii. 176. 

Cushman, Joshua, vii. 170. 

Cushman, . iv. 284. 

Cuthbertson, cuthbert. vii. 122. 

Cutler, nathaniel. ii. 177. 

Cutler, dr. john. i. 106. an emi- 
nent physician of boston, ii. 159. 

Cutler, rev. timothy, president of 
yale college, becomes an episcopa- 
lian, ii. 129. 131. 137. iv. 162. 

Cutler, rev. dr. manasseh, of hamil- 
ton, his method of preserving skins, 
i. 19. a botanist, x. 64. 

Cutler, nahum. iv. 60. 

Cutshamakin, a sachem near boston, 
v. 251. vi. 405. received under 
the protection of massachusetts. 

Cutter, ammi-r. iii. 119. 

Cutter, ebenezer. ii. 180. 

Cutts, robert, of kittery, justice of 
peace, vi. 584. 

Cuttyhunk island, its soil and pro- 
duce, iii. 78. 80. store house, the 
first in north america, built at by 
gosnold. 78. 

Cynanche maligna, dissertation on, 
alluded to. i.l07. 

Cynikers, or seneca indians. v. 33. 


Dacre, francis. vi. 501. 

Daggett, rev. herman, his letter quot- 
ed, x. 111. et. seq. 

Daggett, . iii. 66. 

Dale, sir thomas, brings out addition- 
al colonists, to Virginia, encourages 
the adventurers. viii. 207. 208. 
his letter quoted, viii. 207. 210. 

Dalhound, dr. lawrence, writes against 
inoculation, i. 106. 

Dalkin, mrs. saved by a dog. vi. 

Dalton, rev. , of hampton. vi. 

363. quarrels with rev. rar. bat- 
chelour. 413. character, vii. 17. 

Dalton, hon. tristram. ii. 228. 

Dalton's justice, referred to. viii. 88. 

Daman, rev. george, of tisbury. iii. 

Damarin's cove. See damerill's cove. 

Damerill's cove. v. 14. 72. vi. 532. 
ix. 78. 

Damon, zachariah. iv. 229. 

Damon, john. iv. 229. 

Damon, rev. jude, of truro. iv. 60. 

Damon, . iv. 242. vii 123. 

Dams, how built by beavers, iii. 179. 

Dana, hon. samuel, of amherst, new 
hampshire, notice of by hon. t. 
bigelow, extract from. ii. 253. 

Dana, rev. dr. Joseph, viii. 158. 

Dana, , of brookline. iv. 143. 



Dana, rev. s. of orford, new hamp- 
shire. iii. 108. 

Dana, hon. samuel, of oharlestown. 
ii. 177. 178. 

Dancing and carding at Christmas 
questioned, x. 182. 183. 

Dancing, mr. cotton " does not sim- 
ply condemn." x. 183. 

Dane, deliverance, her recantation re- 
ferred to. iii. 221. 

Dane, hon. nathan, of beverly. ii. 
171. iii. 10. 

Danforth, thomas, deputy governour 
of massachusetts. iv. 77. extract 
from his manuscript volume, iv. 104. 
deputy governour of massachusetts 
several years in succession. vi. 
612. extracts from his manuscript 
volume of papers in the massachu- 
setts historical society's library, 
principally about the year 1665. 
viii. 46. 88. 90.93. 112. 

Danforth, rev. samuel. vii. 29. his 
mistake corrected, vii. F. 64. viii. 

Danforth, Jonathan, ii. 162. 

Danforth, nathaniel. x. 75. 

Danforth, abigail. x. 75. 

Danforth, thomas, attorney, the only 
citizen of charlestown who adhered 
to the british. ii. 175. 

Daniels, hannah. x."l79. 

Danson, . vii. 187. 

Darling, benjamin, iii. 111. 

Darling, elizabeth, x. 178. 

Dartmouth; lord. i. 151. 

Darwin, i. 138. 

Dasset, Joseph, iv. 86. 

Dau, gerard. iii. 229. 

D'aulnley. iv. 158. claims as far 
south as pemaquid. v. 163. at 
war with la tour. vi. 478. com- 
plained of, to massachusetts, by la 
tour. 480. sends m. marie to 

- conclude a peace at boston. 488. 
captures a new england vessel 
bound to la tour. 492. asks re- 
paration for wrongs done by massa- 
chusetts people ; receives as a pre- 
sent, a sedan chair, which had been 
sent by the viceroy of mexico to 
his sister. 496. captures la tour's 
fort, with its treasures. 497. con- 
fiscates a vessel belonging to bos- 
ton. 521. 

Dauphin river, ii. 11. 

Davenport, richard, comes out with 
mr. endicott. v. 109. ensign, 
viii. 146. or damport, capt. lieut. 
viii. 236. captain, iv. 50. killed 
by lightning, at the castle, boston 
harbour, vi 642. vii. 56. 57. 

Davenport, rev. John, of new haven, 
i. 201. a great divine, ii. 260. 
arrives and goes to Connecticut. 
v. 262. vi. 317. 409. vii. 1. viii. 
119. preaches before synod at 
Cambridge, v. 304. his book on 
the subject of baptism, &c. answer- 
ed by richard mather. vi. 590. be- 
comes minister at boston. vi. 602. 
dies. 603. his method of forming 
a church, vii. 129. 130. 

Davenport, addington. x.27. 

Davenport, richard. vii. 159. 

Davenport, rev. addington, episcopal 
missionary to scituate. ii. 213. his 
donation to society for propagating 
the gospel, iv. 238. 

Davenport, rev. John, of Stamford, 
Connecticut, iv. 297. his letter 
on episcopacy in Connecticut. 301. 

Davidson, mary. x. 178. 

Davidson, rev. william, of londonder- 
ry, new hampshire. iv. 78. 

Davidson county, now kentucky. vii. 

Davies, capt. of cape henry fort, 
viii. 209. 

Da vinci, leonardo, his mistake, iii. 

Davis, capt. james, comes to new 
england. v. 36. 

Davis, capt. robert, comes to new 
england. v. 36. 

Davis, sergeant, viii. 147. captain 
of a troop of horse ; goes against the 
nianticks, vi. 465. commissioner 
to the dutch at new york. 547. 

Davis, thomas. iv. 170. 171. 

Davis, , preserves haverhill 

meeting house, iv. 131. 

Davis, deacon ebenezer. ii. 153. 

Davis, Jacob, x. 179. 

Davis, widow, x. 176. 

Davis, daniel. x. 177. 

Davis, capt. isaac. viii. 45. 

Davis, capt. John, of methuen. iv. 131. 

Davis, hon. John, his discourse before 
massachusetts historical society, i. 
(i. — xxxi.) referred to. iv. 104. 
iii. 187. president of massachu- 



setts historical society ; his letter 
to rev. dr. j. freeman, about mourt's 
relation, ix. 26. his letter from 
alden bradford, esq. about duxbuiy, 
x. 57—71. 

Davis, . ii. 142. 

Davis, . iii. 66. 

Davis, . iv. 132. 

Davis, . iv.26(). 

Davison, secretary to queen elizabeth. 
v. 43. 

Davison, daniel. viii. 107. 

Davy. i. 138. 

Dawes, rev. ebenezer, of scituate. iv. 
233. 234. vii. 170. 

Day, the rebel, in massachusetts, re- 
treats, iii. 247. 

Day, robert. viii. 107. 

D'bernicre, ensign, his journey of 
military observation to Worcester, 
iv. 205. to concord. 214. 

Deacons in massachusetts, how first 
ordained, vii. P. 5. 

Dean, Stephen, iii 187. 

Dean, rev. francis, of andover. viii. 14. 

Dean, mis. her confessions, iii. 222. 

Dean, rev. seth, of ringe, new hamp- 
shire. iv. 78. 

Deane, thomas, owner, with others, of 
the ship charles of oleron. iv. 102. 
viii. 71. appeals the case of this 
ship to the king's commissioners. 
82. 83. summoned to make good 
his case before massachusetts gene- 
ral court, viii. 88. 89. 105. 

Deane, hon. silas. ii. 223. 

Deane, rev. samuel, of scituate. iv. 
235. 237. 

Dearborn, capt. henry, ii. 231. 

Deaths in massachusetts between april 
and december of the first year. vii. 
P. 6. 

Declaration of difficulties between the 
english and narragansets, published 
by the commissioners of united col- 
onies vi. 454. 

Declaration of massachusetts general 
court about their proceedings 
against quakers. vi. 572. 

Dedham, its church gathered, v. 279. 
in the county of Suffolk, vii. 9. 

Dedication of churches, producing 
"riots, etc. is forbidden ; which 
makes bishop laud angry, vii. P. 
77.78. ° y 

Deeds, registry of, early established, 
vi. 380. 

Deep bottom, iii. 17. 

Deerfield, massachusetts, several of 

its inhabitants captured by indians. 

vi. 637. or pocomtuck. viii. 

Deerfield, new hampshire. iv. 171. 
Deer hill. x. 42 
De krusenstern, capt. iv. 98. 
De lancey, governour of new york. i. 

Deland, benjamin, viii. 45. 

Delano, philip. vii. 138. x. 57. 62. 

65. 68. 69. 
Delano, or de la noye. x.65. 
Delano, samuel. x. 64. 65. 
Delano, thomas. x. 65. 
Delano, john. x. 65. 
Delaware indians, their residence, 

confederacy, agriculture, church, 

language, number and annuity, ii. 

6. 7. quarrel between the dutch & 

new haven about trading with. vi. 

Delaware, or lenni lenape, language. 

ix. 239. x. 83. a comparative vo- 
cabulary of its various dialects. 135 

-145. ' 
Delaware, Swedish fort at, burnt, vi. 

431. ix. 112. new haven trading 

house at, burnt by the dutch and 

swedes, vi. 434. 439. 
Delaware, lord, comes out governour 

of Virginia, but returns to england. 

viii. 206. 
Delaware bay, account of. vi. 675. 
Delegates of Connecticut, their letter 

to governour trumbull. ii. 221. 
Demeri, capt. viii. 157. 
Dencke, rev. , quoted, x. 113. 

et seq. 
Denham, judge, takes order against 

wakes and revels, vii. P. 77. 78. 
Denison, abner. iv. 179. 
Denison, Cornelius, iv. 179. 
Denson, david. iv. 179. 
Denison, john. iii. 173. iv. 90. 93, 
Denison, mrs. iii. 173. 
Denman. i. 138. 
Dennison, william, sworn a freeman. 

vii. P. 63. 
Dennison, capt. daniel. viii. 229. his 

letter from commissioners' court of 

rhode island, vii. 81. to them. 82. 

major. 55. major general. ii. 

282. v. (iv.) agent to d'aulney. 

vi. 494. commissioner to maine. 

542. agent for settling disputes 



between the dutch and new haven. 
545. protests against the answer 
of raassachusetts to charles ii. viii. 

Dennison, John. viii. 107. 

Dennison, Joseph, jun. his donation to 
boston during its port bill. ix. 

Denny, thomas. vii. P. 77. 

Dent's pathway to heaven, vii. P. 42. 

Deolph, major ezra. x. 177. 

Deposition of roger williams. vii. 75. 
of william coddington. vii. 76. 

Deputies in massachusetts, question 
the negative voice of the assistants, 
v. 174. 175. claim judicial autho- 
rity, which claim is opposed, vi. 

Deputies proposed to be allowed in 
new england, before its colonies 
came out. ix. 22. 

Deputy governour, how chosen, vii. 
P. 3. 

Derby, John. iv. 93. 

Derby, elias-h. i. 117. ii. 178. 179. 

Dermer, capt. thomas, attacked by 
indians. iii. 80. mortally wound- 
ed by indians. v. 40. redeems 
two frenchmen from the indians. 
54. employed by sir f. gorges. 84. 
sent with capt. j. smith to new eng- 
land, which voyage is unfortunate, 
ix. 7. at newfoundland, and re- 
turns to england. 7. 8. carries 
tisquantum to england, and thence 
to new england, whence he coasts 
carefully to Virginia. 10. and 
thence back to hudson's river, mak- 
ing discoveries. 11. after making 
discoveries on the coast for two 
years, is wounded by the indians, 
and retiring to Virginia, dies. 12. 13. 

De roche river, ii. 9. 10. 

De rosier, isaac, dutch secretary at 
hudson's river, comes to plymouth 
with congratulations, v. 99. 

Descent of real estate altered in mas- 
sachusetts. vii. 154. 

Des moyens. ii. 9. 

Des moyens' river, ii. 39. 41. 

Despard, mark. iv. 225. 

D'estaing, count, arrives off savan- 
nah, storms it, and sails with his 
troops for the west indies, iii. 241. 

Detection of witchcraft, x. 6. 

Detroit taken, ii. 10. 

Devens, david. ii. 176. 177. 180. 

Devens, richard. ii. 176. character 
of. 177. instructer. 180. 

Devil, called hobbomack by indians. 
vi. 657. 

Devil's den, at gay head. iii. 43. 

Devine, . ii. 241. 

Devon, council of, for ordering the 
affairs of new england. v. 84. 

Devotion, edward. ii. 144. his do- 
nation to schools in brookline. 
151. and of church plate. 153. 

Devotion, John. ii. 144. 

Devotion, rev. ebenezer, of suffield, 
Connecticut, ii. 156. 

De wache, thomas. v. 216. 

Dewesberry, hester. x. 65. 

Dexter, , his fine. viii. 231. 

Dexter, gregory. ix. 197. 

Dexter, hon. samuel. ii. 46. estab- 
lishes a professorship at harvard 
college, ii. 272. 

Dexter, hon. samuel. iv. 189. 

Dexter, col. noah. iv. 303. 

Dexter, dr. aaron. i. 116. ii. 174. 
vii. 181. 

Dexter, rev. elijah, of plympton. iv. 
261. 270. 

Dexter, dr. theodore. ii. 178. 180. 

Dexter, . iv. 260. 

Dice and cards forbidden, vii. P. 23. 

Dickason, thomas. ii. 170. 

Dickinson, rev. timothy, of holliston. 
iii. 112. 

Dickinson, rev. pliny, of walpole, 
new hampshire. vii. 125. 

Dicks, capt. anthony, captured by 
bull and others, pirates about pema- 
quid. vii. P. 91. 

Dier, John. viii. 152. 

Digby, sir kenelm, a benefactor of 
harvard college, ii. 108. 

Digges, sir dudley, a patentee of new 
england. v. 217. 

Dillingham, John. vii. P. 4. sworn 
a freeman. P. 29. 

Dillingham, . iv. 179. 

Dillon, count, iii. 242. 

Dimmack, thomas. i. 175. iv. 239. 

Dinsmore, silas, agent to chactaw in- 
dians. ii. 17. 22. 

Disarming of persons in several towns 
of massachusetts, on account of 
religious disputes, vii. 6. 

Discourses before massachusetts med- 
ical society, a list of. i. 115. 

Disney, lieut. viii. 156. 



Dispensary, boston, i. 127. 
Disputation concerning church mem- 
bers and their children, in answer 
to 21 questions, vi. 563 — 570. 
Dissenting interest in the middle 
states, account of. i. 156. 

Dissentions among first settlers of 
massachusetts. iv. 4—9. 

Dissuasive from the errours of the 
times, quoted, iv. 117. 

District medical societies, list of. i. 

Dix, jonas. iii. 269. 

Dixjohn. iii. 269. 

Doane, John, assistant of plymouth. 
vii. P. 83. being a deacon, is 
excused from being assistant. P. 

Dobson, capt. sails from boston east- 
ward, to trade, is captured by 
d'aulney, and his vessel confiscated, 
vi. 521. 

Dobson, . viii. 153. 156. 

Doctrines, early disputes about in 
massachusetts. iv. 4 — 18. 

Dod, rev. . vii. P. 12. 

Dodge, david. ii. 176. 

Dodge, rev. ezekiel, of abington. vii. 

Dodge, rev. joshua, of haverhill, his 
ordination, iv. 147. 

Dodge, william. viii. 45. 

Dogrib indians. ii. 38. 

Dolame indians. ii. 38. 

Dominica, its donation to boston dur- 
ing its port bill. ix. 164. 

Donations to massachusetts historical 
society, ii. 285. iii. 292. iv. 304. 
vii. 297. viii. 329. 332. ix. 369. 
x. 188. 

Donations, list of those made by dif- 
ferent towns, states and individuals 
to boston, during its port bill. ix. 
158, and post. 

Dongan, thomas, lieut. governour of 
new york. confirms patent of nan- 
tucket, iii. 34. 

Dorby, rev. Jonathan, minister at 
scituate, notice of. iv. 235. 237. 

Dorchester, england, settles cape ann. 
v. 106. which settlement is soon 
broken up. 107. 

Dorchester, massachusetts. i. (ix.) 
church at, gathered ; described by 
Johnson, ii. 90. settled, v. 134. 
135. 158. 186. 273. many of its 
church go to/ Connecticut. 273. 

307. difficulties in its church. 
277. 278. taxed £7 out of £50 
in massachusetts. vii. P. 1. its 
principal founders and first church 
members. P. 14. its church form- 
ed in plymouth, england. P. 14. 
fire at. P. 17. its tax. P. 31. 
57. viii. 230. and roxbury church 
united. P. 64. people interfere 
with sir r. saltonstall's rights in 
Connecticut, viii. 42. people from 
weymouth, england, arrive and set- 
tle at. vii. P. 96. first called ma- 
tapan. v. 134. 135. 

Dorpat, university of. iv. 98. 

Dorset, earl of. v. 151 . 153. 

Doten, edward. iv. 93. ix. 38. 

Dotey, . iv. 260. 

Dotey, Joseph, iv. 259. 

Dotte. See doten. 

Double brook, or shingle brook, iii. 

Doughty, John, proctor of oxford 
university, expelled, vii. P. 53. 

Douglass, dr. william. i. 106. 107. 
iv. 80. quoted. 230. 295. 

Dove, thomas, bishop of Peterbo- 
rough, silences five nonconformists 
in one day, and fifteen in one day. 
vii. P. 51. 52. 

Dover, new hampshire. iv. 72. first 
visited. v. 214. divisions at, 
caused by messrs. knollis and lark- 
ham, vi. 362. declared to belong 
to massachusetts. 372. petition 
to become a part of massachusetts, 
granted ; description of. vii. 33. 
longevity in. x. 180. 

Dover cliff, iii. 80. 

Dow, phebe. x. 178. 

Downham, deacon, iv. 270. 

Downing, emanuel, brother-in-law to 
governour winthrop. iv. 198. vi. 
431. defeats the accusation of sir 
f. gorges and capt. mason, against 
massachusetts. vii. P. 85. 

Downing, sir george. vii. 29. 

Downs, samuel. x. 179. 

Dowse, edward. ii. 178. 

Dowse, Joseph, ii. 178. 

Drake, sir francis, his voyage, v. 27. 

Drake, John, a patentee of new eng- 
land. v.217. 

Drakes, ordnance, origin of the word, 
vii. P. 37. 

Drew, capt. i. 79. 

Drew, . iv. 280- 



Drew, John, of wales, arrives at ply- 
mouth, iv. 280. 

Drew, thomas. x. 180. 

Drinker, . viii. 112. 

Drinking healths disused in massachu- 
setts. vii. P. 5. 

Drinking, persons fined for. vii. P. 

Drinkwater iron works. « iv. 236. 

Druce, dr. John, of wenham. ii. 157. 

Drummond, , arrives at new 

kent. i. 79. 80. 

Drunkenness punished, vii. P. 34. 
63. 68. 93. 

Dry dock at charlestown, the first in 
the country, ii. 166. 

Duck river, ii. 15. 

Duck manufactory, early at haverhill. 
iv. 154. 

Duck hill. x. 62. 

Dudley, capt. roger. vii. P. 12. 

Dudley, govemour thomas. i. (xxix.) 
deputy govemour of massachusetts. 
ii. 87. iii. 124. 128. 132. iv. 2. 
110. v. 109. 124. 128. 133. erects 
a house at newton. 136. 140. 148. 
149. 236. 237. 259. vi. 499. 542. 
vii. 12. 16. 190. his character; a 
lawyer, brought up by judge nich- 
ols ; a captain in netherlands ; 
steward to the earl of lincoln ; 
principal founder of newtown, now 
Cambridge, vii. P. 12. 13. 15.21. 
27. 28. 30. chosen deputy gover- 
nour by the general court. P. 28. 
his letter to the countess of lincoln, 
about the colony, and the proper 
persons to come to it. P. 24. ap- 
pointed to prophecy in boston. P. 
25. 31. 32. 34. 35. 38. 58. erects 
his house at newtown. P. 36. 60. 
61. 63. 65. 66. 68. 69. 72. 85. 86. 
91. 92. 93. reconciled to gover- 
nour winthrop. P. 66. his narrow 
escape from having his house at 
newtown burnt, and his family 
blown up by gun powder. P. 71. 
viii. 6. 11. 14. 17. 20. four times 
govemour of massachusetts ; first 
major general of massachusetts. iii. 
128. vi. 373. vii. 53. govemour. 
139. iv. 157. his views of toleration. 
172. 201. v. 168. 237. vi. 374. 
519. his death, character and 
epitaph. 552. govemour. vii. 
20. prince's advertisement, and P. 
1 . 3. 6. 6. 8. 20. one of the five 

undertakers. P. 2. removes to 
boston. P. 6. viii. 1. 19. 99. 101. 
agent to d'aulney. vi. 494. com- 
missioner. 466. magistrate of 
massachusetts. vii. 129. assistant, 
v. 24. 

Dudley, govemour Joseph, i. 161. 
ii. 100. 106. 146. his letter from 
sir ed. andros. 260. his letter to 
dr. cotton mather respecting an 
uncommon tooth. 263. address 
to. iv. 64. address of fellows of 
harvard college to. 64. sent to 
england to answer complaints made 
by heirs of mason and gorges, vi. 
614. viii. 197. and sixteen others 
appointed by james ii. to govern 
massachusetts, new hampshire, 
maine and narraganset. 180. and 
the other gentlemen, named in the 
king's commission as president and 
council, their letter from massa- 
chusetts general court about the 
breach of charter regarding taxa- 
tion and representation, and ad- 
ministration of justice, &c. 179. 
181. 182. 

Dudley, paul, agent of massachusetts 
to treat with the five nations ; his 
memorandum of their numbers, etc. 
viii. 243. 245. 

Dudley, william. iv. 136. 

Dudley pond. iv. 63. 

Duggin, capt. ii. 239. 

Duke of 3 7 ork. iii. 34. 

Dukesberry, or duxbury. iv. 2. 

Duke's county, description of. iii. 
38. history of. 79. marriages, 
births and deaths at. 64. 65. its 
census at various periods. 88. 89. 
its indians. 94. named. 85. 

Dummer, richard. iii. 144. v. 259. 
vii. P. 61. sworn a freeman. P. 
72. viii. 44. 233. 

Dummer, rev. shubael, ordained at 
york. vi. 608. 

Dummer, jeremy, a thorough scholar, 
i. 30. 

Dummer, lieut. govemour william. 
iii. 163. iv. 136. 

Dunbar, . vii. 123. 

Dunbar, simeon. vii. 160. 169. 

Dunbar, asa. vii. 169. 

Dunbar, col. viii. 154. 155. 

Dunbar, capt. lieut. viii. 156. 

Duncan, nathaniel, his learning ; au- 
ditor general, iv. 24. 



Duncan, samuel-w. iv. 169. 

Duncan, james-h. iv. 169. 

Dunham, . iv. 277. 

Dunham, ■. iii - 66. 

Dunham, rev. Jonathan, minister at 
edgartown. iii. 71. 

Dunmore, lord, his proclamation re- 
ferred to ; his expedition against 
indians. ii. 223. 

Dunstable, new hampshire, first eng- 
lish settlement in hillsborough coun- 
ty, vii. 66. its churches and min- 
isters, x. 54. 

Dunster, rev. henry, president of har- 
vard college, ii. 162. iv. 76? 234. 
v. 247. suspected to incline to an- 
tipaedobaptism, resigns. vi. 544. 
dies at scituate, and is buried at 
Cambridge. 556. vii. 25. 31. 41. 
his letter to governour winthiop 
about his salary, the college house 
and the rents of charlestown ferry. 
x. 187. 

Dunton, rev. John, his letter to his 
son. ii. 97. 98. 

Dunton, John, sketch of; extracts 
from his life and errours ; his letter 
to his father; causes of his coming 
to new england. ii. 97. arrives at 
boston. 99. his description of 
the boston clergy, and of mer- 
chants, and others. 100. 106. de- 
scribes the principal men of massa- 
chusetts. U5. 121. visits and 
describes indians. 108. 115. his 
account of ipswich. 121. his 
farewell to boston. 124. his jour- 
nal mentioned, v. (iv.) 

Du ponceau, peter-s. esq. procures a 
transcript of mourt's relation, ix. 
26. acknowledgment of historical 
society to, for this service. 74. his 
notes and observations on eliot's 
indian grammar, ix 313. and post, 
his report on indian languages, 
quoted. 224. 227. 232. x. 99. & 
post. 150.151. his notes on eliot's 
indian grammar, referred to. 104. 
& post. x. 192. 

Du prat, or dupratz, . ii. 2. 15. 

17. 28. 

Dupy, father, viii. 249. 

Duquesne, fort, or fort pitt. ii, 223. 

Durand, elder, vi. 522. 

Durant, jobn. iv. 241. 

Duren, rev. , of Virginia, viii. 


Duston, mrs. martha, of haverhill, 
captured by indians. iv. 128. her 
sufferings during captivity ; her in- 
fant murdered ; kills ten indians 
and thereby escapes ; rewarded by 
general court, iv. 129. 198. 

Duston, thomas. iv. 129. 

Dutch colony at new york. i. 140. 
of hudson's river, teach the indians 
to make *wampampeag. v. 100. 
governour writes letters to massa- 
chusetls. vi. 432. sends excuses 
and makes promises to massacfyu- 
setts. 547. 548. ships with pro- 
vision, consternation at their ap- 
pearance, iii. 147. supply in- 
dians with guns ; rescued by eng- 
lish. iv. 29. 31. claim Connecti- 
cut, v. 172. relinquish to mas- 
sachusetts their right to Connecti- 
cut. 179. lay claim to all land 
between cape henlopen and cape 
cod. v. 322. 323. their difficulties 
with Connecticut, vi. 432. set- 
tled by commissioners. 435. seize 
a ship at new haven. 436. at war 
with indians, and are relieved by 
the english. 441. have further 
difficulties at new haven. 521. 545. 
intercept the trading of new haven 
men with the delaware indians. 
545. their difficulties with new 
haven settled. 541. peaceably 
resign themselves tocharles ii. 257. 
at war with the english. 586. their 
quarrel with the english settled. 
612. hold a friendly correspond- 
ence with plymouth colony. 667. 
at long island, vii. 23. inform 
plymouth people of fresh or Con- 
necticut river, vii. P. 93. oppose 
the plymouth people ascending Con- 
necticut river to build a trading 
house, though the former had ad- 
vised the latter so to do. P. 95. 
send troops from manhatoes to 
dislodge the plymouth people from 
their trading house at, now, Wind- 
sor, on Connecticut river. P. 95. 
settled at hudson's river within the 
Virginia patent ; their foit. ix 113. 
at war with the Spaniards, vii. P. 81. 

Dutch churches, i. 150. 

Dutch sheep brought to massachusetts. 
vii. P. 92. 

Dutch ship arrives with corn from Vir- 
ginia, vii. P. 59. 



Dutton, rev. John, of north yar- 
mouth. iv. 181. 

Duxbury settled, vi. 662. incorpo- 
rated ; petition for extension of 
limits ; inhabitants, vii. 137. deed 
of land from indians, and the con- 
sideration paid therefor. 139. di- 
vided ; early taxes. 140. people 
dismissed from worshipping at ply- 
mouth, and become the second 
church in that colony, vij. P. 74. 
75. notes on. x. 57. called ori- 
ginally duxburrow ; pilgrim settlers. 
57. 58. annual fair at, for cattle. 
68. proportion of soldiers ; wolves 
killed at ; presented for not mend- 
ing bridge. 69. order about its 
quakers. 71. 

Dwelley, richard. iv. 229. 

Dye, . x. 178. 

Dyer, mary, a quaker, sentenced to 
death, vi. 571. 

Dyer, giles, sheriff of Suffolk, massa- 
chusetts. viii. 240. 

Dyer, John. iv. 87. 90. 92. 

Dyer, eliphalet, delegate to continen- 
tal congress from Connecticut, ii. 

Dyer, Jacob, vii. 124. 

Dyer, . vii. 123. 

Dyer's fleece, quoted, iii. 191*. 

Dykes, edward. iv. 110. 

Dyneley, . iii. 284. 

Dy re, william. ix. 179. 

Dysentery at kingston, massachusetts. 
iii. 216. 

Eagle, ship, afterwards called the ar- 

bella. ii. 79. 
Eagle's nest, a palisado to be built 

there, x. 68. 
Eames, lieut. of hingham. vi. 417. 
Eames, thomas. iv. 56. 
Eames, rev. Jonathan, of newtown, 

new hampshire. iv. 78. 
Eames, theodore. iv. 169. 
Early, sir george, in Virginia, avenges 

the slaughter of whites made by 

indians. ix. 78. 
Earthquake in new englartd. iv. 40. 

41. vi. 646. vii. 14. 50. account 

of, by rev. t. alden. iv. 70. 
Easton, nicholas, a tanner, his strange 

notions, vi. 337. 343. vii. 97. 
Easton, col. ii: 243. 

vol. x. 36 

East sunapee pond. viii. 174. 

East mud pond. viii. 174. 

East tennessee, its destruction plan- 
ned by cameron. vii. 60. 

East chop. iii. 70. 

Easterbrook, rev. , of concord. 

iii. 275. 

Easterbrooks, , preacher at 

bath, new hampshire. iii. 108. 

Eastern indians, their letter to go- 
vernour of massachusetts, with lac 
similes of their seals, viii. 259 — 

Eastham. iii. 14. 

East hampton, long island, vi. 668. 

East sudbury, incorporated. iv. 53. 
account of its settlement, iv. 60. 
ecclesiastical history. 61. bounds. 
62. lands and ponds. 62. 

Eaton, theophilus, assistant, v. 124. 
arrives, v. 262. elected governour 
of new haven colony. vi. 320. 
his character, vi. 329. viii. 97. 
dies. vi. 316. 320. 329. 467. 521. 
548.557. vii. 1. 7. 8. 129. 

Eaton, nathaniel, first instructer of 
harvard college, a mere orbilius, 
removed, v. 247. 

Eaton, samuel, dies. vi. 331. 

Eaton, samuel, presented for mixed 
dancing, x. 69. 

Eaton, samuel. vii. 138. 

Eaton, benjamin, iii. 208. 

Eaton, ebenezer. iii. 208. 

Eaton, john. iv. 137. 

Eaton, Joseph, ii. 178. 

Eaton, rev. samuel, of harpswell. iv. 
180. 181.' 

Eaton, rev. peter, of boxford. iv. 

Eaton, fiancis. x. 57. 

Eaton, . iv. 132. 

Eatow, jack, a moheage indian, his 
exploit.* viii. 146. 

Ebeling, professor christopher-d. of 
hamburgh. ii. 277. viii. 167. his 
library purchased and presented to 
harvard college by israel thOrndike'. 
viii. 268. geography and his- 
tory of america, referred to. viii. 
268. 269. 276. letter to presi- 
dent stiles, giving an account of his 
works on america; requesting an 
account of Connecticut, and men- 
tioning the number of authors 
in germany, and their productions; 
viii. 270-275. 



Ecclesiastical history of massachu- 
setts, by rev. dr. j. eliot, referred to. 
i. 194:. 

Ecklev, rev. dr. j. of boston, vii. 

Edes, , printer of a newspaper 

at boston, viii. 321. 

Eddenden, ed. iv. 239. 

Eddy, samuel, esq. vii. 75. 

Edgartown. iii. 46. 47. 49. 50. 53. 
60. its excellent water, iii. 40. 
saltworks. 61. or old town, ac- 
count of; houses and schools, iii. 
70. ships, harbour, and wharves. 
70. 71. price of land at. 70. 
church first formed. 71. harbour. 
73. settlement. 81. incorporated. 
85. uncommon quantity of snow 
at. iv, 257. 

Edgecombe, sirrichard, a patentee of 
new england. v. 217. 

Edmistone, capt. lieut. viii. 156. 

Edson, samuel. vii. 138. 143. 152. 
157. 159. 162. 167. 

Edson, samuel. vii. 148. 

Edson, Joseph, vii. 148. 157. 

Edson, josiah. vii. 150. 152. 157. 159. 

Edson, susannah. vii. 153. 162. 

Edson, josiah. vii. 153. 160. 

Edson, josiah, col. a rescinder and 
mandamus counsellor. vii. 153. 
160. 169. 

Edson, adam. vii. 171. 

Edson, jael. vii. 171. 

Edson, john. vii. 167. 

Edson, or edwardson. vii. 152. 

Edward iv. his statute against conse- 
cration of churches and wakes, re- 
ferred to. vii. P. 77. 

Edwards, rev. dr. Jonathan, of new 
haven, his "observations on the 
muhhekaneew, or mohegan lan- 
guage," referred to. ii. 6. ix. 
238. published at large* with in- 
troductory observation^ and notes 
and an index, by j. pickering, esq. 
x. 81 — 160. 

Edwards, j. w. esq. x. 82. extract 
of a letter from him. 83. 

Edy, John, recovers from distraction 
by living eight days without food, 
v. 198. 

Eel point, iii. 20. 

Eel river indians, their annuity, ii. 7. 
and numbers. 12. 

Eel river, iii. 168. 178. 180. 184. 196. 
204. iv. 89. 92. 

Eel river beach, iii. 162. 

Eel river bridge, iv. 229. 

Eelles, rev. nathaniel, of scituate. iv. 
235. notice of. 237. 

Eelles, rev. nathaniel, jun. of stoning- 
ton, Connecticut, iv. 237. 

Eelles, rev. edward, of middletown, 
Connecticut, iv. 90. 94. 237. 

Egeish. or aleche, indians, their resi- 
dence, number and language, ii. 
I Egg river, iii. 164. 171. 
I Eider, can he be a magistrate ? vii. P. 

Election of governour, etc. the first 
in massachusetts, held on board the 
arbella. ii. 87. v. 148. 

Electors in massachusetts, consist of 
those only who pay 10s. to a single 
rate — a much greater sum than in 
england — complained of by king's 
commissioners, viii. 76. 79. 

Eliot, rev. john. of roxbury ; first 
teaching elder at roxbury ; charac- 
ter, ii. 92 93. described by john 
dunton. 108. success amongst 
indians ; draws up a covenant for 
them. 114. obtains lands for 
christian indians. vi. 544. labours 
amongst natick and other indians. 
652. 653. viii. 29. arrives, vii. 
P. 37. 49. joins boston church, and 
preaches in the place of rev. j. wil- 
son, then in england. vii. P. 37. 
38. 69. 72. notice of. vii. P. 48 
— 50. sworn a freeman, vii. P. 
57. second minister of roxbury. 
vii. P. 64. 72. his death and cha- 
racter, vi. 606. v. 135. 187. vi. 
505. vii. 41. viii. 197. list of 
his indian works, and when pub- 
lished, ix. 242. his " indian gram- 
mar begun," published at large, ix. 
245. et seq. with notes and obser- 
vations by p. s. du ponceau, esq. 
ix. 313. et seq. and supplementa- 
ry observations on by j. pickering, 
esq. (xxx.) and an index of words 
with their meanings, (xl viii.) re- 
ferred to. ix. 235. x. 240. et seq. 

Eliot, Jacob, sworn a freeman, vii. 
P. 57. elder. P. 69. 

Eliot, andrew. i. 229. 

Eliot, andrew. i. 229. 

Eliot, andrew. i. 229. 

Eliot, andrew. i. 230. 

Eliot, rev. jared, of killingworth, con- 



necticut, doubts the validity of pres- 
byterian ordination, ii. 129. 131. 
iv. 298. 291). 

Eliot, rev. dr. andrew, of boston, i. 
227. bis family. 226. his remarks 
on archbishop seeker's sermon, ii. 
190. 21b\ opposed to religious es- 
tablishments. 202. 259. iv. 144. 
x. 6. 

Eliot, rev. andrew, of fairfield, Connec- 
ticut, i. 228. 

Eliot, samuel. i. 230. 

Eliot, samuel. i. 230. 

Eliot, samuel. i. 228. 

Eliot, rev. dr. John, of boston ; eccle- 
siastical history of massachusetts. i. 
194. memoir of. 211. elected 
tutor, and declines the office. 215. 
inclining to the episcopal church, is 
invited to take charge of one at 
halifax. 216. 217. chaplain to 
marshall's regiment. 217. ordain- 
ed successor to his father. 218. 
his correspondence. 221. cha- 
racter. 222. sickness and death. 
255. 226. pastoral character. 232. 
list of honours conferred on him. 
238. literary character and pub- 
lications. 242. tomb of his fam- 
ily, (xix.) ii. 49. 190. 261. 563. 
writes a circular for massachusetts 
historical society. 277. contribu- 
tions to that society. 281. iii. 12. 
18.22.290. iv. 70. 100. his cha- 
racter of rev. edward barnard. iv. 
144. furnishes the manuscript copy 
of hubbard's history, v. (iii.) viii. 

Eliot, dr. ephraim. i. 229. his letter 
to rev. dr. freeman. iii. 289. x. 

Eliot, John, printer, ii. 233. 

Eliot, george, letter from. iii. 286. 

Eliot, . iii. 285. 

Elizabeth islands, iii. 49. 63. 70. 88. 
account of. 74. named by gos- 
nold. 80. v. 10. governed by mr. 
mayhew. iii. 85. iv. 252. 

Elizabeth, ship, arrives with passen- 
gers, dutch sheep, and mares, vii. 
P. 92. 

Elk river, ii. 11. 

Ellis, John. ii. 144. 

Ellis, rev. Jonathan, of plymouth. 
iii. 201. 

Ellis, mrs. iv. 277. 

Ellis, . iv. 230. 

Ellis, . iv. 277. 

Ellis river, iv. 185. 

Ellis's tavern, at plymouth. iv. 292. 

Elmes, rodolphus. iv. 241. 

Eleutheria, or baharna islands, vi. 

Embalmed person found at cape cod, 
by first settlers at plymouth. ix. 

Emerson, john. iii. 223. 

Emerson, moses. iv. 169. 

Emerson, rev. daniel, of hollis, new 
hampshire. iv. 78. viii. 178. 

Emerson, rev. william, of boston, 
memoir of. i. 254. ordained at 
harvard, and at boston ; conductor 
of monthly anthology. 255. dies; 
character. 256. publications. 257. 
history of first church in boston re- 
ferred to. (xix.) ii. 273. 

Emerson, mrs. x. 180. 

Emery, edward. x. 75. 

Emery, rev. . vii. 164. 

Endicott, capt, john. i. (xxii.) sent 
out with servants to carry on dor- 
chester plantation at naumkeag ; 
and to prepare for massachusetts 
colony, about to come to new eng- 
land. v. 109. 110. arrives at and 
settles salem. ii. 69. letter to 
governour bradford. v. 115. cha- 
racter of. ii. 69. made deputy go- 
vernour or agent at salem. v. 114. 
115. 122. vii. P. 3. goes to 
mount wollaston to correct vices, 
v. 104. ii. 163. 266. iv. 198. v. 
181. vi. 488. 499. vii. 32. 117. 
P. 1. 3. viii. 97. 100. letter to 
new england company complaining 
of irregular trade with indians. v. 

123. letter from hon. robert boyle. 
viii. 49. 51. letter from m. crad- 
dock, about sending colonists and 
cattle to new england. viii. 116. 
120. was governour sixteen years. 
52. defaces the king's colours and 
is punished, v. 164. opposes the 
settlement of roger williams. 203. 
commands against the pequots. 
252. viii. 131. one of the stand- 
ing council. v. 259. assistant. 

124. vii. P. 5. 6. 8. 14. 15. 21. 
27.29. 30. 32. 35. 36. 58. 60. 63. 
66. 68. 85. S6. 91. 93. major gene- 
ral of massachusetts. viii. 1. 11. 
14. deputy governour. vi. 370. 



373. 519. 543. vii. 35. 44. viii. 
19. governour. vi. 542. 544. 555. 
561.575. vii. 51.84. viii. 17. 20. 
49. 52. dies, and is buried at bos- 
ton, vi. 575. 581. viii. 52. 

Endicott, zerubabel. viii. 105. 

Engagement of allegiance in rhode 
island, vii. 96. altered. 97. 

England, decline of religion in. ii. 51. 
a~t war with holland. vi. 323. 586. 
makes peace with holland. 612. 
x. 60. makes peace with spain. 
vii. P. 16. declares war against 
france. viii. 102. 

English, thomas. ix. 38. 

English missionaries in america. i. 

Englishman, pequot word for. viii. 

Enos. col. ii. 232. 233. 

Epenow, indian, notice of. iii. 80. 
who had been forcibly carried to 
england, escapes to his own coun- 
try, v. 39. an american indian, 
sent with capt. hobson, and others 
on discovery to new england ; his 
attempt to revenge the treachery 
of hunt on capt. hobson's ship. 
ix. 6. 

Epes, — , a schoolmaster at sa- 

lem, notice of, by john dunton. ii. 

Episcopacy in the colonies, remarks 
on. ii. 190. 

Episcopal controversy in Connecticut, 
ii. 128. 137. iv. 297. 

Episcopalians in new york. i. 42. 
number of. 48. favoured by go- 
vernment. 50. 

Epitaph on bacon, the Virginia rebel, 
i. 58. 59. on dr. zabdiel boylston. 
ii. 160. on john green, of charles- 
tpwn. ii. 179. on richard russell, 
of charlestown. ii. 179. on judge 
john phillips, of charlestown. ii. 
179. on rev. benjamin rolfe, of 
haverhill. iv. 140. on rev joshua 
gardner, of haverhill. iv. 141. on 
rev. john brown, of haverhill. iv- 
142. on rev. james cushing, of ha- 
verhill. iv. 147. on rev. thomas 
h,ooker. vi. 541. on governour 
thomas dudley. vi. 552. on rev. 
Jonathan mitchell. vi. 606. on 
ezekiel cheever. vii. 132. 

Epworth, capt. of the nymphe frigate. 
Vii. 197. " t 

Erasmus, i. 244. 

Errata, a few, in articles communicat- 
ed by rev. dr. freeman, viii. 328. 

Erronists. iv. 5. 21. 

Errour in a note on plymouth, correct- 
ed, iv. 302. in hutchinson's his- 
tory, corrected, ii. 274. 

Errours, four score, spread abroad in 
new england. iv.14.34. religious, 
debated at synod at Cambridge, ac- 
count of. vii. 1. censured by civil 
government of massachusetts. vii. 

Erving, capt. iv. 89. 

Erving, william. i. 116. 

Erving, george-w. esq. x. 192. 

Esau, sarah, indian. iii. 6. 

Esquimaux indians. ii. 11 . their lan- 
guage, customs, manners, residence, 
numbers and warriours. 43. 

Essex, sagamoreship, of agawam. iii. 

Europe has 587 languages, ix. (iii.) 

Eustis, william. iii. 10. his letter 
to r. webster respecting arnold and 
his soldiers when he deserted, iv. 

Evarts, jeremiah. ii. 176. 178. 181. 

Everett, rev. noble, minister of ware- 
ham, iv. 293. 

Everett, rev. edward, professor at har- 
vard university, x. 192. 

Everson, john. iii. 208. 

Everson, richard. iii. 208. 

Ewachim, indian corn. ix. 101. 

Ewell, henry, iv. 240. 

Ewer, rev. dr. bishop of landaff. ii. 
190. 215. 

Execution, the first in plymouth coh> 
ny. vii P. 2. 

Exemption, five mile act of, extended 
to anabaptists and quakers. ii. 204. 

Exeter, new hampshire, planted by 
mr. wheelwright, and others, who 
form a combination for govern- 
ment, y. 233. 242. vi. 351. re- 
ceived under the government pf 
massachusetts. vi. 373. 

Exhortation to all people and nations 
to advance the kingdom of christ, 
by Johnson, ii. 81. 

Expedition against louisbourg. iii. 
192. against canada, in 1600, abor- 
tive. 260. 

Extortion punished in massachusetts, 
a curious instance of. y. 248. 



Eyer, John. x. 26. 
Eyre, thomas. v. 215. 
Eyre, eleazer. v. 215. 
Ezcholz, dr. of the university of dor- 
pet, iv. 98. 


] Fable of indians. iii. 3. 7. 34. of 
benevolent trout, iii. 3. 7. about 
tisbury pond. iii. 47. 
J Fac simile of a deed from king philip. 
iv. 272. 

Fairbank, rev. drury, of plymouth. 
new hampshire. iii. 112. 
j Fairfax, sir thomas. viii. 124. 

Fairfield, rev. John, of saco. iv. 

Fairhaven. ii. 19. 

Fairs at boston, ii. 89. 

Fairweather, John. viii. 44. And 
see fayrweather, and fayerweather. 

Falconet, lieut. viii. 156. 

Fall indians, their residence and num- 
ber, ji. 36. 

Fall of cliff at gay head. iii. 47. 

Falmouth, iii. 49. 54. 

Familists, heresy of. ii. 58. depend 
on revelations. 74. early in rhode 
island, vi. 336. opinions extend, 
vi. 346. punished in barbadoes. 
vi. 346. colony of, intended for 
sagadehock. v. 141. settle at 
watertown ; brought the plough 
patent, vii. P. 31. 

Fancher, dr. his table of vaccination 
in america. iv. 96. 

Farley, george. ii. 162. 

Farlow, , executed, i. 64- 

Farm neck. iii. 93. 

Farmer, John, table of marriages, etc. 
in billerica. ii. 162. sketch of 
amherst, new hampshire. ii. 247. 
bill of mortality for amherst, new 
hampshire. iv. 73. letter to rev. 
dr. holmes, iv. 77. vii. 71. 187. 
viii. 44. x. 192. note on new lon- 
don, new hampshire. viii. 173 — 
175. account of churches and 
ministers in new hampshire. viii. 

Farmer's cabinet, printed at amherst, 
new hampshire. ii. 252. 

Farnam, . viii. 112. 

Farrar, rev. Stephen, of new ipswich, 

new hampshire. iv. 78. 

Farrill attacks the followers of bacon. 
i. 72. killed. 73. 

Farrington, samuel. x. 179. 

Farrow, mrs. vii. 120. 

Farwell, . iv. 193. 

Fast in massachusetts, caused by a 
political question. v. 174. 175. 
at charlestown and boston, v. 185. 
at boston, for settling a pastor, v. 
188. vii. P. 73. ordered in mas- 
sachusetts, but changed to thanks- 
giving. P. 18. at plymouth, occa- 
sioned by infectious fever. P. 96. 

Faulkland, viscount, v. 151. 

Faunce, elder, iii. 189. 190. 192. iv. 

Faunce, John. iii. 213. 

Faunce, . iv. 294. 

Fayrweather, thomas. vii. P. 69. 

Fayrweather, john. x. 25. 

Fayerweather, thomas, esq. ii. 260. 
viii. 199. 

Feake, robert. iii. 268. 

Feake, isle, in Virginia, vii. P. 86. 

Feake mount, iii. 267. 268. 

Fearing, . iv. 294. 

Fearing, israel. iv. 293. 

Fearing, noah. vii. 160. 

Fearing's mills, iv. 287. 

Fearnux, nathaniel. viii. 45. 

Feast at the court of canonicus. iv. 

Febres' grammar of the language of 
chili, referred to. x. 109. et seq. 

Federal furnace at carver, iv. 272. 

Felps, william. vi. 308. vii. P. 60. 
See phelps. 

Felt, joshua. viii. 45. 

Female magnanimity, instance of. i. 

Female preacher, iv. 15. 

Females directed to wear veils by 
roger williams. v. 204. 

Fences of cornfields to be kept in 
repair, vii. P. 93. 

Fenno, . viii. 242. 

Fenwick, george, purchases saybrook 
fort. iv. 1 . lines in remembrance 
of. 1. arrives to make a planta- 
tion at saybrook, but returns to 
england. v. 279. comes to Con- 
necticut, vi. 309. and claims to 
govern it. 309. but. sells to Con- 
necticut people. 310. commis- 
sioner, vi. 466. 510. 



Fernald, william. ii. 181. major, 180. 

Fernald, mary. x. 178. 

Feron, , analyzed the springs 

of boston, x. 175. 

Ferry from boston to charlestown 
proposed. vii. P. 6. at winne- 
semet, charges fixed. P. 29. 
at charlestown, charges fixed. P. 

Fessenden, rev. william, of fryeburgh. 
iii. 104. 

Fessenden, rev. thomas, of walpole, 
new hampshire. iv. 78. 

Fever at plymouth. iii. 192. pes- 
tilential, v. 194. which kills 
whites and indians. vii. P. 95. 96. 
at kingston. iii. 216. and ague, 
iv. 102. vi. 324. 325. spotted, 
early in massachusetts. iv. 102. 

Field, darby, discovers and visits the 
white hills, vi. 381. 

Field, william. vii. 93. form of a 
deed from him. ix. 198. 

Field, John. vii. 148. 150. 157. 159. 
ix. 170. 

Field, apollos. ii. 181. 

Fifth monarchy, a book savouring of 
its spirit, creates uneasiness, vi. 

Filcher, , manager of mount 

wallaston plantation, v. 103. 

Filmore, lavius. ix. 127. 

Findley, william. viii. 183. 

Fines, charles. v. 128. 

Finney, robert. iii. 184. 

Fires at dorchester. vii. P. 17. in 
massachusetts, account of. i. 81. 
at charlestown. ii. 166. at bos- 
ton, vi. 648. 649. vii. P. 22. 29. 
at watertown. vii. P. 3. 6. 27. 

Firmin, , of watertown, his 

wigwam burnt, vii. P. 6. 

Firmin, giles, sen. vii. P. 70. 

Firmin, rev. giles, his letter to gover- 
nour winthrop ; his " real chris- 
tian," mentioned, iv. 126. after- 
wards minister in england. vii. P. 

First encounter, named, v. 56. ix. 

First comers, x. 64. 65. 67. 

Fish, indian mode of taking, iii. 81. 
indian manure, first used for that 
object at plymouth. ix. 60. 

Fish in Virginia, list of. ix. 121. 

Fish, . vii. 1. 


arrested at exeter for 

speaking against the king. vi. 359- 

Fish, elnathan. iii. 209. 

Fish, rev. phineas of mashpee. iii. 

Fish, . iii. 66. 73. 

Fisher, . iii. 73. 

Fishery at cape cod, granted to ply- 
mouth school, iv. 80. 

Fisk, rev. John, of wenham. vii. 

Fisk, rev. abel, of wilton, new hamp- 
shire. viii. 177. 

Fiske, william. iii. 269. 

Fiske, charles. iii. 269. 

Fiske, john-m. ii. 178. 

Fistula, cure of. i. 120. 

Fitch, thomas. x. 27. 

Fitch, mrs. i. 184. 

Fitzrandle, edward. iv. 239. 

Five mile act of exemption, extended 
to anabaptists and quakers. ii. 

Five nations of indians, their number, 
etc. viii. 243. 245. of what na- 
tions composed ; some remarks on 
their language. 250. See iroquois. 

Flagg, rev. ebenezer, of Chester, new 
hampshire. iv. 78. ix. 368 x. 

Flax, early in massachusetts. v. 239. 
ix. 19. abundant in massachusetts. 
vii. 37. 

Fleece, quoted, iv. 254. 

Fleet, the king's, at caribbee islands, 
relieved by boston merchants, vi- 

Fleming's new hampshire register, 
iv. 79. 

Fletcher, col. governour of new 
york, his scheme of taxation for 
building episcopal churches, i. 141. 
ii. 208. 

Fletcher, samuel. iii. 111. 

Flint rev. henry, of braintree. iii. 
161. v. 276. notice of. vi. 607. 
vii. 24. 25. 

Flint, thomas, assistant, iii. 285. iv. 

Flint, edward. viii. 106. 

Flint, william. viii. 106. 

Flint, henry, i. (xxx.) iii. 211. 

Flint, rev. james, of bridgewater. vii. 

Florida, ii. 26, 27. v. 9. visited 
by gosnold. 10. 12. taken from 
the french by the Spaniards, v. 45. 



Floro, jeremy, an ingenious iron 
founder, iii. 207. 208. 

Floyer, capt. viii. 156. 

Flucker, thomas. x. 28. 

Flushing, long island, vi. 669. 

Fly nt, rev. henry. viii. 253. See 

Flynt, william. viii. 45. 

Fobes, John. vii. 138. 147. 149. or 
vobes. vii. 151. 154. 

Fobes, edward and william. vii. 149. 

Fobes, edward. vii. 159. 

Fobes, rev. perez, of raynham. iv. 90. 
95. vii. 154. 169. 

Fobes, nathan. vii. 170. 

Fochead, (forrett?) mr. v. 245. 

Fosfg, rev. jeremiah, of kensington, 
new hampshire. iv. 78. 

Folger, waiter, his curious clock, iii. 

Folkes, martin, extract from his trea- 
tise on encrlish gold and silver coins, 
ii. 276. 

Fols-avoin sauters indians. ii. 12. 

Fols-avoise indians, their language, 
residence and character. ii. 10. 
their numbers and warriours. ii. 12. 

Folsom, peter, x. 178. 

Folsom, josiah. x. 179. 

Food of all kinds becomes abundant 
in massachusetts. vii. 35. 

Foordum, . vii. 23. 

Forbes, rev. , episcopal mission- 
ary to new jersey, ii. 213. 

Forbes, rev. dr. eli. iii. 170. 281. 

Ford, thomas, expelled oxford univer- 
sity, vii. P. 52. 53. 

Ford, william. vii. 138. 

Ford, andrew. vii. 122. 123. 

Ford's farm lands, vii. 122. 

Fordham, manor of. i. 144. 

Forefather's rock, account of. iii. 

Forefather's day. iii. 176. vii. 133. 

Forefather's landing, painting of, by 
henry sargent. iii. 225 — 230. 

Forett, james, agent of earl of sterling. 
iii. 34. v. 245. 

Formalists, or conformitants. ii. 

Fornication punished, vii. P. 68. 

Fort at saybrook burnt, vi. 530. 

Forthill, or cornhill, boston, its fortifi- 
cation begun ; charlestown people, 
&c. work upon it. vii. P. 61. 

Fort mountain, viii. 115. 

Fort osage. ii. 31. 

Fort du quesne. ii. 223. 

Fort western, unhappy individual at. 

ii. 228. 
Fort halifax. ii. 230. 
Fort george. ii. 11. 
Fort elizabeth. iii. 80. 
Forthill, drawing of. iii. 187. 
Fort edward. iv. 164. 
Fort albany, or aurania. v. 18. 
Fortification at sewall's point. ii. 

151. begun at Connecticut. v. 

178. at boston harbour. vi. 

Fortune, ship. vii. 121. forefather's 

ship, the second to plymouth. vii. 

Fosdick, deacon james. ii. 171 . 
Foss, joshua. x. 177. 
Foss, hannah. x. 179. 
Foster, edward. iv. 220. 222. 224. 

239. account of. iv. 243. 
Foster, mrs. lettice. iv. 243. 
Foster, timothy, iv. 243. 
Foster, rev. isaac. ii. 177. 
Foster, John. iv. 87. 95. 
Foster, thomas. iii. 9. iv. 90. 95. 
Foster, ann. vii. 163. 

Foster, . ii. 188. 

Foster, william. ii. 178. 

Foster, isaac. ii. 178. 

Foster, rev. abiel, of canterbury, new 

hampshire. iv. 78. 
Foster, rev. joel, of east sudbury. iv. 

Foster, rev. John, ofbrighton. ii. 186. 

iv. 180. 
Foster, gideon. ii. 170. 
Foster, deacon benjamin, x. 177. 
Foster. Jonathan, x. 179. 

Foster^ . iv. 260. 

Foster's ship yard. iv. 22V. 
Fothergill, samuel, a great pulpit or- 
ator, his exertions for abolishing 

slavery, viii. 189. 
Four cliffs, iv. 228. 
Fowle, thomas. iv. 115. vi. 500. 

Fowle, rev. robert, episcopal minister 

at holderness, new hampshire. iii. 

Fowler, phil. sen. viii. 107. 
Fowler, abner. viii. 319. 
Fox, , his history of james ii. 

i. (xxviii.) 
Fox hill. i. (xxix.) 
Fox river, ii. 10. 
Fox river lake. ii. 10. 



Foxcraft, rev. 

-, of boston, iii. 

Foxcroft, george, assistant, v. 121. 
viii. 97. 

Foxe's hill. ix. 198. 

Foxes, Indians, ii. 8. 9. 13. their 
number and annuity. 9. 

Francis, dr. john-w. x. 192. 

Franklin, dr. benjamin, i. 106. his 
letter concerning small pox in 
america. vii. 71. 

Franklin society of amherst, new 
hampshire, its library, ii. 254. 

Frary, theophilus. x. 25. 

Fraser, rev. , episcopal mission- 
ary to Pennsylvania, ii. 213. 

Freake, John. viii. 105. 

Free school, early in Virginia, ix. 

Freeborn, william. ix. 179. 

Freeby, lieut. viii. 156. 

Freeman, samuel. vii. P. 4. 

Freeman, edmund. x. 57. 

Freeman, col. of sandwich, viii. 194. 

Freeman, rev. dr. james. i. 232. 248. 
iii. 285. 289. his letter to james 
savage, esq containing errata in ar- 
ticles furnished by him for these 
collections. viii. 328. letter to 
from judge davis, accompanying 
mourt's relation, ix. 26. 

Freeman, John, baptist minister at 
mashpee. iii. 7. 

Freeman, , instructer. ii. 249. 

Freeman's oath, form of. iv. 114. 

Freemasons of charlestown erect a 
monument to general warren, ii. 

Freemen, number of, in massachu- 
setts, in 1630. ii. 88. first list of, 
proposed in* massacbusetts. vii. P. 
3. 4. none but church members 
allowed to be sworn, v. 148. vii. 
P. 4. 29. admitted, vii. 12. 20. 32. 
35. 44. 51. P. 4. 29. 39. 57. 58. 63. 
65. 72. 75. 86. 92. viii. 1. 6. 11. 
19. to elect assistants and declare 
grievances. vii. P. 57. to vote 
for governour, deputy governour, 
and assistants. P. 60. first choose 
magistrates. vii. P. 75. chose 
major general annually ; and all 
other military officers for life. viii. 
11. increase of. iii. J28. or 
electors and magistrates, letter from 
charles ii. about their qualifications, 
viii. 48. 54. in rhode- island, the 

king's pleasure touching, vii. 94. 
engagement of, in rhode island, vii. 
Freeport, maine, account of; its situ- 
ation, rivers, soil, incorporation, iv. 
176. productions, mills, trades, 
schools. 177. 178. history, in- 
dian name. 179. attacked by in- 
dians, church gathered. 180. 
church members, baptisms, deaths. 

182. baptist church, universalis! 
society. 182. 183. population. 

183. deaths. 184. 

French, william. ii. 162. iv. 76. 

French, rev. Jonathan, of andover. 
iii. 199. 

French, rev. Jonathan, of northarnp- 
ton, new hampshire. iv. 191. 

French, . vii. 123. 

French, samuel. x. 54. 

French driven from florida by the 
Spaniards, v. 45. begin a planta- 
tion in new england, but are dis- 
lodged by sir s. argall. ix. 5. make 
peace with spain. vii. P. 12. very 
early frequent narraganset bay. ix. 
50. rifle plymouth trading house at 
penobscot ; claim as far south as 
40° of north latitude, v. 161. 
ship cast away in new england three 
years before arrival of plymouth 
colony, v. 54. pirate takes capt. j. 
smith a prisoner, ix. 7. barque at 
new england captured by capt. ro- 
craft. ix.8. vessel bound to Virginia 
was wrecked in merrimack bay, and 
her crew arrested by governour 
of plymouth. v. 199. privateer 
wrecked in buzzard's bay. iii. 190. 
vessel wrecked at cape ann, and 
men drowned. vi. 649. protes- 
tants in new york. i. 149. army 
lands at savannah, iii. 241. 

Fresh lake, now billington sea. iii. 

Fresh meadows, iii. 203. 

Fresh river, now Connecticut river, v. 
18. vi. 305. See Connecticut river. 

Friars in the "straits" defeat hunt's 
project of selling new england in- 
dians as slaves, and instruct them in 
Christianity, ix. 6. 

Friends, of new jersey and Pennsylva- 
nia, slavery common amongst ; 
their opposition to abolishing, viii. 
188. but at last exert themselves 
to abolish it. 189. 



Friends' society of baltimore. ii. 7. 

Friendship, the ship, arrives with cat- 
tle at nantasket. vii. P. 31. sails 
again for st. Christopher's. P. 32. 

Frink, rev. thomas, of rutland and 
Plymouth, iii 198. iv. 60. 

Frisbie, levi, professor at harvard uni- 
versity, x. 162. 

Frisk, david. vii. 11. 

Frisk, John. vii. 138. 

Frost, capt. charles, of kittery. vi. 

Frost, samuel. viii. 45. 

Frothingliam, capt. benjamin, ii. 175. 

Frothingham, John. ii. 178.' 

Frothingham, richard. ii. 175. 176. 

Frothingham, thomas, jun. ii. 175. 

Frothingham, deacon james. ii. 171. 

Frothingham, capt. james-k. ii. 180. 

Frothingham, rev. nathaniel-1. of bos- 
ton, viii. 166. 

Frothingham, james, portrait painter, 
ii. 181. 

Fruits in Virginia, ix. 122. 

Fruit trees, some hints about. ix. 
139, and post. 

Frye, mrs. her confessions, iii. 222. 

Fryeburgh, maine, anatomical lectures 
at. i. 126. 

Fuel, price of, at halifax, massachu- 
setts. iv. 280. 

Fuller, dr. samuel. iii. 164.186.228. 
deacon of mr. robinson's church, 
v. 115. vi. 662. vii. P. 70. quo- 
ted. P. 53. dies of infectious fever. 
P. 96. his mistake corrected. P. 

Fuller, samuel, iv. 239. 

Fuller, bridget and samuel, give land 
for a parsonage house at ply mouth, 
iii. 186. 

Fuiler, samuel. iii. 208. 

Fuller, issachar. iv. 277. 

Fuller, hannah. x. 180. 

Fuller, . i. 51. 

Fullerton, ithamar. iii. 119. 

Fulton, capt. viii. 156. 

Furnace brook, iii. 207. 

Furnald, mrs. iv. 199. 


Gage, john. vii. P. 86. 

Gage, lieut. col. thomas. viii. 156. 
general ; his letter to governour 
trumbull, giving an account of the 
attack on the british troops on 19 
VOL. X. 37 

april, 1775. ii. 224. iii. 290. his 
instructions to capt. brown. iv. 
204. 205. 214. 

Gager, deacon william. v. 185. his 
character, v. 186. surgeon and 
first deacon of charlestown and bos- 
ton church, vii. P. 69. 

Gains, , attempts to plant in 

maine. v. 224. 

Gale of 1804, at abington. vii. 114. 

Gale of 1815, at rochester. iv. 264. 
at wareham. iv.272. atplymouth. 
x. 45. 

Gale, rev. theophilus, gave his libra- 
ry to harvard college, ii. 108. vii. 

Gale, william. iii. 269. 

Galen, i. 108. 

Gallard, John, of dorchester. vii. P. 

Gallop, John, his fight with the in- 
dians. v. 249. viii. 232. 

Gallows hill. iii. 185. 

Gannett, matthew. iv. 241. vii. 151. 

Gannett, thomas. vii. 138. 147. 151. 
170. x. 70. 

Gannett, caleb. vii. 151. 170. bi- 
ography of. viii. 277. minister of 
Cumberland and amherst, nova 
scolia ; steward of harvard col- 
lege. 277. literary societies of 
which he was a member. 278. 
279. extract of president kirk- 
land's sermon on. 279. letter quot- 
ed. 282. account of the eccle- 
siastical affairs of nova scotia quot- 
ed. 282. 283. extract of letter 
to rev. mr. seccombe. 283. list 
of articles written by him for the 
american academy. 285. 

Gannett, barzillai. vii. 170. 

Garden seeds, first planted by settlers 
at plymouth. ix. 48. 

Gardener, thomas, agent for dorches- 
ter plantation, v. 106. 

Gardiner, richard, his letter from new 
england to capt. pierce ; surmises 
about him. ix. 27. 28. 

Gardiner, sir Christopher, iv. 156. 
a prisoner in massachusetts. v. 
141. complains to the king against 
massachusetts colony, v. 145. an 
enemy to new england. vi. 662. 
notice of; is oidered to be sent to 
england a prisoner. " vii. P. 21. 
accused of bigamy, seized and 



brought to boston ; a papist. P. 
27. a prisoner; his letters from 
sir f. gorges opened by government 
of massachusetts. vii. P. 30. his 
accusations against massachusetts. 
vii. : . P. ^85. 88. said to be a de- 
scendant of bishop gardiner; ar- 
rives in new england; knighted at 
Jerusalem. v. 349. escapes to 
Plymouth indians. 149. taken by 
them ; wounded ; sent to england ; 
hostile to massachusetts colony. 
150. 153. 

Gardiner, lieutenant lyon, an engi- 
neer sent to Connecticut, v. 179. 
sergeant and commander at say- 
brook, viii. 43. 131. 133. 

Gardiner, robert-hallovvell. viii. 285. 

Gardner, sir Christopher. See gardi- 

Gardner, henry, v. 215. 

Gardner, thomas. ii. 144. 153. 

Gardner, , jun. ii. 144. 

Gardner, Joseph, ii. 144. 

Gardner, caleb. ii. 144. 

Gardner, thomas, jun. ii. 144. 

Gardner, capt. iv. 130. 

Gardner, rev. Joshua, of ha verb ill, 
his character and epitaph, iv. 141. 

Gardner, rev. John, of stow. iv. 

Gardner, rev. andrew, of Worcester 
and lunenburgh. ii. 156. 

Gardner, samuet. iv. 90. 94. 

Gardner, nathaniel, instructer at 
boston, preacher at carver, his 
character, iv. 278. 

Gardner, -, obtains a grant of 

bath, new hampshire. iii. 107. 

Gardner, isaac, killed by the british. 
ii. 157. viii. 45. 

Gardner, elisha. ii. 158. 

Gardner, dr. james. ii. 178. 

Gardner, general isaac-s. ii. 158. 

Gardner, dr. henry, ii. 178. 

Gardner, deacon elisha. ii. 153. 

Gardner, abner. ii. 178. 

Gardner, isaac-s. ii. 158. 

Gardner's mountain, iii. 10G. 107. 

Garland, . viii. 226. 

Garn, (garrett ?) richard, his misfor- 
tune, v. 138. 

Garrett, richard, his mishap and death, 
vii. P. 8. 9. 

Garrett, harmon. viii. 96. 

Garrett, — , lost at sea. vi. 557. 

hia ship. lost, vii •87. 

Garrett, Joseph, iv. 229. 

Gatchel, . ii. 235. 

Gates, sir thomas, a patentee of new 
england. v. 217. comes to Vir- 
ginia with a colony ; but is ship- 
wrecked, of which he publishes an 
account, viii. 204. comes again. 
208. 210. 

Gates, capt. vii. 157. general, iii. 
236. 237. 

Gattery, John, ensign of kittery. vi. 

Gay, rev. dr. of hingham. iii. 238. 
viii. 277. 

Gay, rev. bunker, of hindsdale, new 
hampshire. iv. 78. 79. 

Gay head. iii. 41. 45. 46. 49. 53. 93. 
light house, iii. 42. origin of 
name; clays. 44. 

Gedney, bartholomew. viii. 105. 181. 

Gedney, eleazer. viii. 105. 

Gedney, John, jun. viii. 106. 

Geery, rev. , of wenham, his 

character, ii. 119. 

Gellibrand, henry, professor of gres- 
ham college, prosecuted on account 
of his almanack, vii. P. 50. 

General, properties of a good one. 
i. 69. 

General, major, chosen in massachu- 
setts. vii 53. 

General, surveyor in massachusetts. 
vii. 56. 

General court of massachusetts to be 
held once a year. v. 148. vii. P. 
57. to be held semi-annually, v. 
235. the first held at Boston, vii. 
P. 3. 

General hospital of massachusetts, 
petition for its incorporation, i. 

General hospital, chapel at quebec. 
ii. 242. 

Gennison, william, chosen ensign* 
vii. P. 34. 

Gens de lai indians. ii. 40. 

George, capt ii. 260. 

George, sagamore, at saugus. v. 32. 

George's bank. iv. 232. 

Georgia, ii. 28. deeply in debt. ii. 

Georgiana, maine. iv. 239. 

Gerard, . v. 24. 

Gerish, capt. vii. 55. 

Germany, its wars in 1631, account 
of. vii. P. 54—56. wars in. vii. 
P. 181 1 authors-living in,, and- the 



number of their works in 1792. 
viii. 274. 

Gerrard, sir gilbert, ix. 185. 

Gerrish, capt. william. viii. 44. 106. 

Genish, stepnen. x. 75. 

Gerry, governour elbridge, his speech 
about medical college, i. 137. 

Gery, capt. ii. 103. 

Gethins, capt. viii. 156. 

Gibbetting, instance of in massachu- 
setts. ii. 166. 

Gibbins. See gibbons. 

Gibbons, edward. ii. 86. lieutenant. 
v. 251, captain, vi. 340. commis- 
sioner. 466. 495. loses all his pro- 
perty by the capture of la tour's 
fort. vi. 498. first sergeant major 
in massachusetts. vii. 54. major 
general of massachusetts. 54. P. 4. 
60. 69. sworn a freeman, vii. P. 
29. viii. 2. 17. 19.20. x. 24.60. 

Gibbons, ambrose, assistant at pis- 
cataqua. v. 220. 

Gibbons's creek, ii. 86. 

Gibson, rev. , instigates the 

isle of shoals people to revolt from 
massachusetts ; his quarrel with mr. 
larkham ; his apology to massachu- 
setts. vi. 381. 

Gibson, rev. benjamin, chaplain to col. 
westbrook, dies. viii. 265. 

Gibson, general, x. 127. 

Gibbs, capt. John. ii. 180. 

Gibbs, rev. henry, of watertown, iii. 
274. 277. 

Gibbs, . iv. 294. 

Gibbs, robert. viii. 105. 

GifTord, . iv. 260. 

Gift, ship, arrives at charlestown. v. 
132. 137. vii. P. 10. 

Gilbert, bartholomew, sails with gos- 
nold. iv. 10. 

Gilbert, sir John. v. 37. president 
of council of new england ; dies. 
ix. 4. 

Gilbert, capt. rawley, comes to new 
england. v. 36. 37. a patentee 
of new england. 217. with two 
ships sent to begin a plantation in 
new england. ix. 3. 4. 

Gilbert, rev. thomas, first minister of 
topsfield. vi. 417. 
Gild ? . iv. 132. 

Giles, sir edward, a patentee of new 
england. v. 217. 

Gilij on the peruvian language, quot- 
ed, x. 105. et seq. 

Gill, moses. ii. 46. 48. lieutenant 
governour of massachusetts. vii. 

Gill, j. printer, iv. 204. 

Gill, moses. vii. 180. 

Gillan, . iii. 285. 

Gilman, rev. tristram, of north yar- 
mouth. iv. 180. 

Gilson, william. iv. 220. 222. 224. 
erects the first windmill at scituate. 
224. 239. 242. assistant at ply- 
mouth, vii. P. 83. 

Gilson, . ii. 105. 

Gilson, mrs. fiances, iv. 242. 

Gist's plantation, viii. 154. 

Gittings, John. viii. 107. 

Gittings, samuel. viii. 107. 

Gittings, george. viii. 107. 

Glades in scituale. iv, 223. 

Gladwin, capt. viii. 156. 

Gleason, rev. charles, of dudley. ii. 

Gleason, benjamin, ii. 178. 

Glosler, cape ann. See gloucester. 

Gloster men, their protestation, i. 
38. oath tendered to. 56. rise 
for sir w. berkeley. 68. taken 
by ingram. 70. submit to ingram. 

Gloucester, cape ann. ii. 69. plant- 
ed by rev. mr. blinman and others, 
vi. 408. its church, being 2lst in 
massachusetts, planted, vii. 32. 

Glover, John. iv. 24. his shallop cast 
away at nahant. vii. P. 20. an as- 
sistant, vi. 546. 

Glover, rev. Joseph, a printer", vii. 12. 

Glover, hab. viii. 105. 

Glover, rev. •, of Springfield. 

viii. 237. 

Glover, rev. samuel^ baptist minister 
ofkingston. iii. 214. 

Goats of martha's vineyard, iii. 59. 
in massachusetts. vii. P. 7. in- 
tended for massachusetts, mostly 
die at sea. P. 9. brought to 
massachusetts. P. 30. early car- 
ried to Virginia, viii. 197. 210. 

Goddard, rev. william, of Westmore- 
land, new hampshire. iv. 78. 

Goddard, john, of portsmouth. ii. 158. 

Godfrey, francis. vii. 151. 

Godfrey, mrs. x. 179. 

Goffe, thomas, chosen deputy gover- 
nour of massachusetts company in 
england. v. 109. 120. 122. ^as- 
sistant. 124. 



Goffe, edward. ii. 162. iv. 76. 

Goffe, , regicide, ii. 64. iv. 

158. and whaley, their arrival ; 
charles ii. sends a warrant to ar- 
rest them in massachusetts. viii. 
67. 68. 

Goffe, jemima, x. 179. 

Golding, rev. william, of bermuda. 
viii. 31. 

Goldthwait, ebenezer. viii. 45. 

Good news from new england, or 
winslow's relation of things re- 
markable at plymouth plantation. 
ix.74. 79. 

Goode, richard. iv. 110. 

Goodenow, asahel. iv. 60. 

Goodenow, lieut. edmund. vii. 55. 

Goodhue, william. iii. 269. - . 

Goodhue, Jonathan, esq. x. 192. 

Goodman, John, for some time lost, to 
the grief of plymouth settlers, ix. 
44. 45. 

Goodrich, capt. ii. 230. 231. 233. 

Goodridge, rev. sewall, of lyndebo- 
rough, new hampshire. viii. 177. 

Goodwin, rev. dr. thomas. i. 203. 
one of the assembly of divines at 
Westminster, iv. 20. vi. 534. 590. 

Goodwin, edward, of boston, iv. 244. 

Goodwin, general nathaniel. vii. 165. 
his donation to boston during the 
port bill. ix. 163. 

Goodwin, deacon david. ii. 171. 176. 
179. 180. 

Goodwin, rev. ezra-s. of sandwich, his 
notice of the great storm of sept. 
23, 1815. x. 45—192. 

Goodyear, Stephen, deputy governour 
of new haven, vi. 320. 

Gookin, daniel, his historical collec- 
tions, referred to. i. (xxviii. xxix.) 
lectures to Indians. ii. 111. 
quoted, iii. 83. 86. accuracy of 
his collections. 89. iv. 24. 103. 
vii. 55. viii. 88. 112. estate 
seized by nichols and others, king's 
commissioners. 96. quoted, x. 

Gookin, rev. nathaniel, of northamp- 
ton, new hampshire. iv. 191. 

Goold, — . viii. 112. 

Goose point, plymouth. iii. 179. 

Gooseberries found at plymouth. ix. 

Gordon, iohn. vii. 149. 151. 
157. J 

Gordon, robert viii. 156. 

Gordon, hon. william, of amherst, 
new hampshire. ii. 253. 

Gordon, h. w. ii. 179. 

Gordon, william. ii. 178. 

Gordon, joanna. x. 178. 

Gore, , of new york. ii. 


Gore, hon. Christopher, his farm at 
waltham. iii. 272. president of 
massachusetts historical society, 
viii. 41. 

Gorges, lord, a patentee of new eng- 
land.' v. 217.226. 

Gorges, sir ferdinando, not the author 
of wonder-working providence, 
ii. 49. v. 86. assisted by sir ed- 
ward coke. 87. obtains a grant 
of land between pascataqua and 
sagadehock. 89. letter to sir 
Christopher gardiner about his claim 
to massachusetts. 141. instigates 
sir c gardiner and others to com- 
plain to the king. 145. 151. 153. 
obtains a confirmation by the king 
of his title to maine. 232. and 
mason, proposed great city in 
new england, with abundance 
of church lands annexed. 229. 
230. and others, grant to them by 
council of new england of the terri- 
tory each side of the pascataqua. 
215. this grant confirmed by the 
king. 224. a patentee of new 
england. 217. 224. transfers the 
government of maine to massachu- 
setts. v. 261. agents claim juris- 
diction over ligonia. vi. 368. 
heirs complain to his majesty 
against massachusetts. 612. let- 
ter to sir c. gardiner, shewing his 
intention to claim massachusetts. 
vii. P. 30. aims at the general 
government of new england. P. 
88. and mason, instigated by mor- 
ton, radcliffe, and sir c. gardiner, 
petition privy council against mas- 
sachusetts, which is defeated, vii. 
P. 85. has a plantation at mun- 
higgen. ix. 85. 

Gorges, robert, son of sir ferdinando, 
comes to new england as lieutenant 
general, to repress disorders and 
vices among the fishermen ; has the 
province of massachusetts bay as- 
signed to him. v. 86. returns to 
england. 87.90. 

Gorges, thomas, arrives, goes to aga- 



menticus, where he finds all in dis- 
order, attempts a reformation, pro- 
ceeds against mr. burdett. vi. 

Gorges, edward. v. 232. 

Gorham,jobn. ii. 178. 

Gorham, hon. nathaniel, goes to eng- 
land to solicit assistance ibr charles- 
town, but without success, ii. 170. 
376. 180. senator from middlesex, 
counsellor, representative, speaker 
of house of representatives, judge 
of court of common pleas; eulogy 
on, by dr. thomas welsh. 177. 

Gorham, . ii. 178. 

Gorham, benjamin, ii. 178. 

Gorham, dr. john. i. 116. 

Gorham, Stephen, ii 181. 

Gorton, samuel. ii. 96. iv. 116, 
118. causes disturbances at provi- 
dence, vi. .343. causes trouble to 
massachusetts ; a familist. 401. 
injures the indians, which causes 
further trouble ; notice of. 402. 
sends two heretical books to bos- 
ton ; and company, arrested for 
injuries done to the indians, and 
brought to boston. 402. 403. quar- 
rels with the indians, which pro- 
duces his arrest. 404. and 
his followers punished. 406. 407. 
cattle taken away ; dismissed. 
407. supplies miantonimo with 
armour. 450. writes to uncas in 
behalf of miantonimo. 451. and 
company, cause more? trouble in 
massachusetts. 500. return from 
england, and arrive in boston har- 
bour. 501. remonstrance of 
massachusetts against petition. 
502. 506. ordered to be ar- 
rested. 511. left in quiet posses- 
sion of shaomet. 512. and com- 
pany, present a petition against 
massachusetts, to commissioners. 
587. viii. 68. ix. 182. seditious 
and heretical; goes to rhode island, 
where he is whipped and banished. 
663. account of the procedings 
of massachusetts against, ix. 199. 
sentence. 200. carries complaints 
to england. 201. and others, 
banished from rhode island, foments 
the dispute between uncas and 
miantonimo vii. 45. publishes 
doctrines, &c. is apprehended. 
48. 50. 

Gortonists, heresy of. ii. 58. deny 
the humanity of christ. ii. 73. iv. 
5. 11. doctrines of; opposition to 
colonies, particularly massachu- 
setts ; warrants issued against by 
gov. winthrop and mr. cludley; 
governour sends 40 men to appre- 
hend them. vii. 48. 50. confined 
for months, in different towns, and 
then banished, of which some com- 
plain. 50. 

Gosnold, bartholomew, store house 
at cuttyhunk. iii. 78 discovers 
martha's vineyard, and other 
islands. 80. makes further dis- 
coveries of the coast of Virginia, 
v. 10. sails from dartmouth, touch- 
es the azores, west indies, and flori- 
da. 10. visits cape cod, welcomed 
by the indians, visits martha's vine- 
yard. 10. coasts north of Virgi- 
nia, to whiston bay ; returns to eng- 
land. 11. voyage in 1662. v. 
14. discovery of new england. 
vii. 179. 

Gospel, its success among the indians 
of new england. vi. 649. 660. 

Gospel covenant, or covenant of grace 
opened, by rev. peter bulkley, re- 
ferred to. ii. 260. 

Gott, charles. vii. P. 4. 

Gotte, — ;, v. 109. 

Gouge, col. i. 56. 

Gouge, , a linen draper, de- 
scribed by j. dunton. ii. 106. 124. 

Gould, lieut. iv. 218. 219. 

Gould, thomas. vi. 627. 

Goulder, francis. iii. 184. 

Gournette nose. iii. 162. 

Government established by the pil- 
grims, i. (viii.) established at 
plymouth. ii. 68. v. 61. civil, 
of new england. iv. 21. form of, 
among the first settlers of rhode 
island, vii. 77. j 

Governour, difficulty with about sal- 
ary, vii. 159. of massachusetts, 
how chosen, vii. P. 3. of massa- 
chusetts, to be chosen from among 
the assistants by the whole court, 
including the freemen, vii. P. 60. 
a heavy fine imposed on him, who 
should, unless twice chosen suc- 
cessively, refuse the office, vii. P. 

Governour's island, i. (xxxi.) iv. 
266. garden, i. (xxxi.) an island 



in boston harbour, vi. 479. granted 
to governour winthrop. vii. P. 58. 

Gowie, rev. dr. episcopal missionary 
to south Carolina, ii. 213. 

Grain, indian. iv. 35. 

Grampusses at long island, vi. 673. 

Grant, capt. arrives in the james. 
vii. P. 61. 

Grant, . iii. 236. 

Grant of territory three miles north 
of merrimack, and three miles 
south of charles river to new eng- 
land planters. ii. 63. ditto to 
merchints. v. 89. of cape ann 
by council of ply mouth to captain 
mason, copy of. vi. 614. to mason 
and gorges, of territory between 
sagadehock and merrimack. iv. 616. 
of general court to Cambridge, iv. 

Grantham reduces ingram. i. 75. at 
west point. 77. 

Granville, treaty of. ii 4. 5. 7. 8. 

Grapes, some hints about rearing, ix. 

Grave of the benevolent trout, iii. 8. 

Gravelly islands, iii. 20. 

Graves, hon. thomas, of charlestown. 
ii. 164. v. 122. 177. admiral, vii. 
P. 4. sworn a freeman of massa- 
chusetts. 29. arrives in the ship 
plough, with familists, who have 
a patent for sagadehock, called 
plough patent; but they go to wa- 
tertown, where the ship goes to 
pieces. 31 brings in the ship 
elizabeth, passengers, dutch sheep 
and mares. P. 92. 

Gravescant, long island, vi. 669. 

Gray, edward, of kingston. iii. 367. 
188. iv. 93. 

Gray, John. iii. 209. 

Gray, lieut. viii. 157. 

Gray, harrison. v. 28. 

Gray, general, plunders the inhabitants 
of martha's vineyard, iii. 89. 

Gray, john. iii. 213. 

Gray, hon. william. i. 125. 

Gray, thomas. x. 29. 

Gray, francis-c. esq. x. 191. 

Gray, . iii. 66. 

Great barrington. iii. 249. 

Great boar's head, in hampton, new 
hampshire. iv. 190. 

Great neck, in rochester. iv. 251. 

Great osage Indians, ii. 31. 

Great pond in chilmark. iii. 41. 

in edgartown. 81. in haverhill. iv. 

121. 122. in boscawen, new-hamp- 

shire. x. 72. 
Great james pond. iii. 46. 
Great bntain, cost of canada to. iii. 

Great square, at plymouth. iii. 195. 
Great herring pond, in plymouth. iii. 

Great bay. iii. 1Q0. 
Great hope, ship, of ipswich. v. 200. 
Greaves, thomas. ii. 177. 
Greaves, thomas, judge, ii. 178. 
Grecian faith neeessarj' to him, who 

trades at boston, ii. 100. 
Green, master richard, one ofthe man- 
agers of weston's plantation, dies. 

ix. 82. 
Green, , forms the second bap- 
tist church in england. ix. 197. 
Green, john, his epitaph, ii. 179. 
Green, john. vi. 337. vii. 93. 98. 

a petitioner, with goiton and others, 

to col. nichols and others, king's 

commissioners, viii. 68. ix. 170. 

192. deputy governor of rhode 

island. 201. 
Green, rev. henry, of reading, vi. 

416. vii. 51. 
Green, n. viii. 44. 

Green, , printer, ii. 103. 124. 

Green, john. ii. 179. 

Green, Jacob, ii. 179. 

Green, mary. ii. 179. 

Green, nathaniel. x, 27. 

Green, t. a>,prin(er, in boston, viii. 

Green, rev. Joseph, of yarmouth. iii. 

12. 17. 
Green, col. Christopher, ii. 227. 230. 

231. 232.233.235. 
Green, Jacob, x. 176. 
Green, rev. benjamin, iii. 269. 
Green, sergeant francis. ii. 175. 
Green, james. ii. 180. 
Green, benjamin, instructer. ii. 180. 
Green bay. ii. 10. 
Green hill, in sudbury. iv. 56. 
Green mountain, ix. 131. 
Green river, vii. 172. 
Green spring, i. 69. secured for 

berkeley. 79. 
Green, or great neck hill, in rochester. 

iv. 254. 
Green's harbour, iii. 162. 203. vii. 

32. grants made at by plym.outh- 

75. x. 65. cut. 70. 



Greenland, or karalit language is spo- 
ken in asia. ix. 233. 

Greenleaf, benjamin, iv. 169. 

Greenleaf, lieut. vii. 55. 

Greenough, rev. william, of newtown. 
ii. 152. 

Greenough, ebenezer. iv. 169. 

Greenough, nathaniel. vii. 135. 

Greensmith, , punished for mis- 
representing the opinions of minis- 
ters, v. 294. 

Greenville, sir richard, his colony, 
y. 9. 

Griffin, hon. cyrus, commissioner to 
creek indians. iii. 249. 

Griffin, ship, arrives from england 
with 200 passengers. i. 169. v. 
169. brings a part of mr. wilson's 
gift of ammunition to massachu- 
setts. viii. 228. 

Griffith, george. v. 215. 

Griggs, . ii. 142. 

Grigson, thomas, magistrate of new 
haven, goes to england for a patent 
for new haven, vi. 321. is drowned. 
322. 466. 

Grimes, . iii. 183. 

Grindall, . viii. 112. 

Griswold, bishop, vii. 167. 

Grose's antiquities, iii. 163. 

Gross venters indians. See fall in- 
dians. ii. 41. 

Grosvenor, rev. ebenezer, of scituate. 
iv. 233. 234. 

Groton, massachusetts, settled, vi, 

Grubb, william. ii. 238. 

Grubbendunk, a great officer in belgia. 
viii. 135. 

Grunter. description of. iii. 56. 

Gryse, dr. ii. 187. 

Guadaloupe river, ii. 25. 

Guard, theodore de la. v. 155. 

Guardians of mashpee indians. iii. 

Guilford, Connecticut, settled. vi. 

Gulf nf st. lawrence. ii. 11. 

Gull is'and. iii. 78. 

Guns for training, not to be charged 
with bullets, except in certain 
cases. vii. 63. not to fired at 
night, vii. P. 26. not to be sold 
to indians. vii. P. 1. 

Gurdon, john. vi 349. 

Gurdv, hasinah. * x. 177. 

Gurling, -.-■ v. 162. 

Gurnet, the. iii. 180. 182. hill. iii. 
189. 204. fort. iii. 197. nose, 
v. 56. 

Gurney, rev. david, of middleborough. 
vii. 167. 170. 

Gustavus, king of Sweden, lands in 
pomerania. vii. P. 17. an ac- 
count of his war in germany, in 
1631. vii. P. 54. 55. 50. killed, 
to the great regret of protestants. 
vii. P. 81. 

Guy, edwin. v. 215. 

II . 

Habeas corpus, proceedings about in 
massachusetts, 1707. viii, 240— 

Haddington, viscount, a patentee of 
new england. v. 217. 

Hadley, samuel. viii. 45. 

Hadley, thomas. viii. 45. 

Hadley, town. iii. 247. settled in 
consequence of difficulties in the 
churches of hartford, etc. vi. 316. 

Hadleys, a harbour, iii. 75. 

Hagar, uriah. iii. 269. 

Hagar, a domestick, saves two of revl 
mr. rolfe's children, iv. 131. 

Hagley. iii. 169. 

Haines, john. See haynes. 

Haldimand, general, iv. 213. 

Hale, robert. vii. P. 69. 

Hale, thomas, sen. viii. 106. 

Hale, moses. iv. 90. 91. 142. 

Hale, rev. moses, of Chester, new 
hampshire. ix. 368. 

Hale, deborough. x. 177. 

Hale, nathan, esq x. 191. 

Hales, , goes to rhode island. 

vi. 340. becomes a disciple of mrs. 

. hutch in son. 341. 

Halfway pond. iii. 164. 175. 200. 
iv. 287. 

Halifax, lord. i. (xxviii.) 

Halifax, massachusetts, soil and busi- 
ness, iii. 164. notes on ; incor- 
poration and mills, iv. 279. 281. 
rivers, brooks and ponds. 280. 
iron ore ; houses and families ; 
longevity of inhabitants. 281. 
church history. 282. 

Halket, col. sir peter, killed at brad- 
dock's defeat, viii. 154. 156. 

HalKet, fiancis, major of brigade, 
viii. 156. 



Halket, lieut. viii. 156. 

Hall, ffoodwife. x. 69. 

Hall, ed ward, vii. 138. 

Hall, samuel. v. 170. 

Hall, judah. iii. 208. 

Hall, . iii. 17. 

Hall, rev. avery, of rochester, new 
Hampshire, iv. 78. 

Hall, deacon nathan. x. 177. 

Hall, dorothy. x. 178. 

Hall, rev. thomas, of leghorn, viii. 

Hall, deacon moses. ii. 172. 

Hall, professor f. his statistical ac- 
count of middlebury, Vermont, ix. 

Hall, moses, instructer. ii. 180. 

Haller. i. 108. 

Hallock, rev. moses, of plainfield. 
viii. 171. 

Hamilton, or ipswich hamlet, vii. 

Hamilton, marquis, a patentee of new 
england. v. 217. his grant of a 
part of Connecticut, vi. 309. sent 
with troops to germany. vii. P. 55. 

Hamilton, capt. viii. 157. 

Hamilton, lieut. iv. 219. 

Hamilton, duke, executed, iv. 157. 

Hamilton, dr. i. 138. 

Hamlin, . iv.,260. 

Hammond, thomas, a patentee of new 
england. v. 217. 

Hammond, john. iv. 259. x. 37. 

Hammond, samuel. iv. 259. 260. 

Hammond, thomas. iv. 261. x. 37. 

Hammond, . iv. 260. 277. 294. 

Hampden, John, a friend to massa- 
chusetts. i. (xxvii.) iv. 158. 

Hampton, rev. , persecuted by 

lord cornbury. i. 146. 

Hampton, new hampshire, settled, 
v. 174. 236. or winnicowet, plant- 
ed. 242. dispute about title to. 
242. contentions in. vi. 412. 
413. in the county of northfolk, be- 
ing 17th church gathered, vii. 17. 
longevity in. x. 181. indian bar- 
barities at. vi. 33. 

Hanbury, . iii. 164. 184. iv. 249. 

Hanbury, william. iv. 100. 

Hanchet, capt. ii. 233. 

Hancock, John, governour. ii. 46. 
vii. 163. x.29. 

Hancock, rev. nathaniel, of tisbury. 
iii. 74. 

Hancock, . iii. 66. , 

Hancock, mary. vii. 163. 

Handelian musical society at amherst, 
new hampshire. ii. 249. 

Handmaid arrives at plymnuth, dis- 
masted, with passengers, and cows, 
vii. P. 5. 10. master comes to bos- 
ton. P. 6. 

Hanes, midshipman, viii. 156. 

Hanmore, . iv. 241. 

Hansard, capt. viii. 156. 

Hansford taken by beverley, and exe- 
cuted, i. 62. 

Harden, or harding. xii. 151. 

Harden, nathaniel. vii. 165. 

Hardine, . vi. 343. 

Harding, or harden, vii. 151. 

Hardwick, purchased of indians. i. 

Hard- wood, a place on st. peter's river. 

Hardy, thomas. vii. P. 86. 

Hare indians. ii. 43. 

Harl.ickenden, roger, leader of the 
military, iii. 148. v. 177. assist- 
ant, v. 133. mistake about, vii. 
P. 39. 

Harley, robert. vi. 349. 

Harlow, capt. edward. v. 13. comes 
to new england ; seizes indians. 
37. attacked by indians. 37. 38. 
carries five indians to england. 

Harlston, richard. capt. of the jewel, 
v. 129. 

Harmon, capt. with troops, kills father 
ralle. viii. 245. 

Harmon's journal, quoted, x. 131. 

Harones indians. viii. 246. 247. 

Harraseekit, indian name of freeport. 
iv. 179. 

Harrington, . i. (xiv.) 

Harrington, rev. timothy, of lancaster. 
iii. 269. vii. 163. 

Harrington, mis. mary. iii. 271. 

Harrington, Jonathan, viii. 45. 

Harrington, caleb. viii. 45. 

Harris, william. vii. 98. ix. 170. 

Harris, arthur. vii. 138. 147. 149. 150. 
153. 155. 

Harris, thomas. viii. 107. 

Harris surprised by beverley. i. 

Harris, isaac. vii. 149. 150. 157. 

Harris, benjamin, printer, iv. 104. 

Harris, capt. josiah. ii. 175. 



Harris, capt. william. ii. 175. 

Harris, dr. his note on Jamaica, iii. 

Harris, rev. dr. thaddeus-mason, of 
dorchester. i. 148. procures a 
copy of wonder-working provi- 
dence in england. ii. 49. 152. 178. 
account of dorchester quoted. iii. 

Harris, rev. dr. william, of new york. 
x. 192. 

Harris, william. vii. 140. 

Harris, thomas. ii. 176. 179. 180. 

Harris, luther. ii. 158. 

Harris, . ii. 142. 

Harrison, rev. , ordered to quit 

Virginia, vi. 522. comes to new 
england. 523. settles in ireland. 
524. viii. 31. 

Harrison, capt. lieut. viii. 156. 

Hart, rev. John, of east guilford, Con- 
necticut, becomes an episcopalian. 
ii. 129. 131. iv. 298. 299. 

Hart, thomas. viii. 107. 

Hart, capt. lieut. viii. 156. 

Hartford, Connecticut, settlement, 
iii. 151. church, iv. 1. 30. or 
suckiaug, settled, vi. 307. diffi- 
culties in church. 315. settled. 
viii. 122. 

Hartwell, jonas. vii. 169. 

Harvard, rev. John, of charlestown, 
his donation to harvard college, i. 
(xxxi.) ii. 109. 171. 177. v. 237. 
vii. 16. 28. 

Harvard college, i. 105. anatomi- 
cal museum. 117. vote on the 
death of rev. dr. eliot. 239. funds 
for missions to indians. ii. 47. 
described by dunton. 107. 108. 
iii. 137. a paper relating to. iv. 
64. address of its fellows to go- 
vernour dudley. iv. 65. vote of 
plymouth colony respecting. 85. 
v. 237. contributions in aid of. 
237. furnishes godley ministers. 
237. difficulties at, about rar. 
eaton, its first instructer, who is re- 
moved. 247. its feoffees appoint- 
ed, to consist of all the magistrates, 
and the elders of the six next ad- 
joining churches, vi. 372. two 
thousand acres of land given to. 
vi. 555. contributions for erecting 
new building. 610. established ; 
description of buildings ; £500 
and charlestown ferry granted to; 
VOL. X. 38 

colonies grant; privileges granted. 

vii. .16. 27. 28. 29. 168. state 

in 1665; indians educating there, 

etc. viii. 65. 66. letter about. 

x. 187. receipts from charlestown 

ferry in president dunster's time. 

Harvest, the first at plymouth. ix. 

Harvey, susan. x. 178. 
Harward, rev. thomas. i. 107. 
Harwood, george, of london, trea- 
surer of massachusetts company. 

v. 121. 138. vii. P. 9. viii. 228. 
Hasanameset, or grafton. vi. 544. 
Haselrig, sir arthur. i. (xxviii.) ix. 

Haskell, John. iv. 259. 260. 
Haskell, major elnathan. iv. 261. x. 

Haskel's cove. iv. 260. 
Hastings, rev. joseph-s. of northamp- 

ton, new hampshire, embraces san- 

demanianism. iv. 291. 
Hatch, william, sen. an early settler 

of scituate. iv. 78. 220. 229. 239. 

243. vii. 147. 
Hatch, jeremiah. iv. 241. 
Hatch, waiter, iv. 241.. 
Hatch, colonel, of dorchester. iv. 131. 
Hatch, rev. nymphas, of tisbury. iii. 

Hatch's island, iv. 224. 
Hatfield, iii. 247. attacked by in- 
dians ; its inhabitants killed and 

captured, vi. 636. 637. 

Hathaway, . iv. 260. 294. 

Hatherly, timothy. iv. 239. 241. 

founder of scituate. 220. 221. 224. 

225. 235. 241. v. 82. vii. 122. P. 

31. 34. 61. 64 — corrections. 
Hathorne, william, his character, iv. 

24. agent for massachusetts to 

d'aulney. vi. 494. 543. vii. 55. 

viii. 88. 98. 100. 110. 
Hathorne, capt. lieutenant. viii. 

Haugh. See hough. 
Hauxshaw, lieutenant, iv. 218. 
Haven, elias. viii. 45. 
Haven, rev. thomas, of reading, viii. 

178. 179. 
Haven, rev. samuel, of portsmouth. 

ii. 149. iv. 78. 
Haven, rev. Joseph, of rochester, new 

hampshire. iii. 104. 
Haven, nathaniel-a. x. 192. 



Haven, mrs. ii. 168. I 

Haverhill, massachusetts, indian deed I 
of. iv. 170. historical sketch of; ! 
river fishery. iv. 121. ponds, 
bridges, situation and aqueduct. ) 
12*2. buildings, trade, manufac- 
tures and ship building. 123. dis- 
tilleries. 124. schools and libra- 
ry. 125. newspapers, fire club. 

126. indian wars and votes re- 
specting the defence of the town. 

127. attacked by indians. 128. 
130. meeting-house preserved by 
mr. davis ; sufferings by the great 
descent. 131. fort against in- 
dians, and historical dates. 132. 
votes an allowance for killing a 
wolf. 133. extracts from town 
records; throat distemper at; 
alms-house. 134. meeting-houses ; 
dissentions ; petition to general 
court. 135 inhabitants; eccle- 
siastical history ; ministers and 
church gathered. 138. 142. pa- 
rishes. 147. 150 baptist church. 

150. planted ; origin of name. v. 
137. church gathered, vi. 416. 
being the 26th in massachusetts. 
viii. 1. 

Havvard, or howard. vii. 151. 

Ha ward, John. vii. 138. 147. 149. 

151. 157. J 59. 
Haward, ensign, vii. 144. 157. 
Haward, ensign, john. vii. 149. 

Haward, james. vii. 149. 150. 
Haward, Jonathan, vii. 149. 150. 
Haward, ephraim. vii. 150. 

Hawkes, . iv. 52. 

Hawk's meadow brook, iv. 134. 
Hawkins, thomas. vi. 495. builds a 

ship of 400 tons at boston, 1645. vi. 

524. 525. x. 24. 
Hawkins, william. ix. 170. 
Hawkins, benjamin, ii. 4. 
Hawkins, nathaniel. ii. 176. 180. 
Hawkins, sir richard, a patentee of 

new england. v. 217. 
Hawley, rev. gideon, of mashpee. ii. 

47. iii. 7 — 14. donation of his 

church, ix. 163. 

Hawley, . iv. 302. 

Hawthorne, captain. See hathorne. 
Hayden, josiah. vii. 160. 
Hayes, elizabeth. x. 179. 
Hayley, mrs. x. 176. 
Hayley, — . iii. 194. 

Haynes, John, arrives, iii. 134. go- 
vernour of massachusetts. 147. 
v. 157. 159. removes to hartford. 
iii. 151. gives notice of indian 
hostilities ; governour of Connecti- 
cut, vi. 447. 449. his exertions to 
bring about a confederation. 466. 
vii. 129. 

Haynes, Joseph, writes against rev. 
mr. bacheller. iv. 148. 

Haynes, deacon josiah. viii. 45. 

Haynes, Joshua, viii. 45. 

Hayward, dr. lemuel. i. 109. 

Hay ward, thomas. vii. 138. 141 . 147. 
149. 151. 159. 

Hayward, Joseph, vii. 143. 149. 159. 

Hayward, elisha. vii. 143. 149. 

Hayward, ansel. vii. 147. 

Hayward, lieutenant thomas. vii. 
149. 150. 

Hayward, john. vii. 149. 150. 157. 

Hayward, captain, vii. 157. 

Hayward, nathaniel. vii. 157. 

Hayward, dorothy. vii. 159. 

Hayward, beza. vii. 160. 161. 170. 

Hayward, barzillai. vii. 169. 

Hayward, nathan. vii. 170. 

Hayward, oliver. vii. 171 . 

Hayward, james. viii. 45. 

Hazard, ebenezer, account of the 
loganian library, ii. 269. remarks 
relating to the author of "a brief 
view of religious liberty in new 
york." 270. letter correcting 
errours in rev. mr. schermerhorn's 
report, iv. 65. quoted, vii. 77. 
viii. 167. 

Hazard, brig. iv. 285. 

Hazard's historical collections, refer- 
red to. viii. 47. 

Hazzen, richard. iv. 127. 168. 

Heal, sir Warwick, a patentee of new 
england. v. 217. 

Heard, widow, x. 179. 

Hearne, , maintains that adam 

was not created upright, vi. 337. 

Hearne, the traveller, ii. 43. iii. 

Hearsey, william. vii. 123. 

Heath, robert, a patentee of new eng- 
land. v. 217. 

Heath, william, of roxbury, sworn a 
freeman, vii. P. 86. 

Heath, , merchant, of boston. 

ii. 104. 124. 

Heath, Joseph, his letter to governour 
shute, quoted, viii. 265. 



Heberden, dr. william. vii. 71. 

Hecatompolis of doctor cotton mather, 
quoted, i. (xxvi.) 

Heckewelder, rev. John, historical ac- 
count of Indians referred to. ix. 
225. 227. 232. 240. x. 98, et post 
129. 137. 150. 

Hector, ship. v. 241. 

Hedge, , "a valiant, resolute 

gentlemen, viii. 140. 

Hedge, levi, professor, of harvard col- 
lege, x. 191. 

Heidleburg, now new london, new 
hampshire. viii. 175. 

Heister. i. 108. 

Hell-gate, description of. vi. 670. 

Hemmenway, d.miel. viii. 45. 

Hemp, abundant in massachusetts. 
vi. 36. at Connecticut river, appa- 
rently raised byindians, and indige- 
nous, vii. P. 94. early in new 
england. ix. 19. 

Hempstead plain, iii. 23. 

Hempstead, long island, vi. 669. 

Henchman, rev. nathaniel, of lynn. 
viii. 176. 

Henderson, howard. x. 176. 

Hendrick, a stockbridge indian. ii.3. 

Henley, col. david, account of his 
trial, viii. 295. 296. anecdote of. 

Henley, samuel ii. 178. 

Henley, ezekiel. ii. 178. 

Henry viii. forbids the dedication of 
churches, as productive of riots, 
vii. P. 77. 

Herley, captain, with captain John 
matthew, hobson, and sturton, and 
epenow and manawet, two american 
indians, sent on discovery to new 
england. ix. 5. attacked by in- 
dians ; expedition defeated. 5. 7. 

Herrick, rev. Jacob, of durham. iv. 

Herrick, , of salem. ii. 117. 

Herriman, john. x. 179. 

Herring, rev. dr. archbishop of canter- 
bury, a great and good man. ii. 

Herring pond. iii. 15. 17. 176. 201. 

Herring wear. iii. 185. 

Herring brook, iv. 225. 526. 

Herring river, viii. 192. 

Herrings on the coast of Sweden, a 
fact about, iv. 295. 

Hersey. ezekiel. i. 116. 

Hersey, abner. i. 116. 

Hersey, mrs. i. 1 16. 

Hersey, william. vii. 120. 

Hewes, , quarrel with ply- 
mouth people about cape ann. v. 

Hewes, john. iv. 239. 303. 

Hewes's cross brook, iv. 303. 

Hewitt, . iii. 184. 185. 

Heydon, william. viii. 139. 

Hiacoomes, a christian indian. vi. 

Hibhins. william. iii. 285. iv. 110. 
vi.340. sent to england. 371.546. 
574. x. 24. 

Hibbins, mrs. hung as a witch, vi. 

Hicks, samuel. iv. 100. 

Hicks, robert. iv. 249. 

Hicks, daniel. iv. 241. 

Hicks, john. viii. 45. 

Hicks, mrs. ii.-llO. 

Hide, richard. viii. 106. 

Hides, abundant in massachusetts. vii. 

Higgins, . iv. 260. 

Higgins, Joseph, Joseph, jr. and Chris- 
topher, of lyme, Connecticut, (heir 
donation to boston during the port 
bill. ix. 159. 

Higginson, rev. francis. ii. 71. iii. 
154. minister ofleicester, england; 
silenced for nonconformity; arrives. 
v. 112. 116. 119. 121. dies. 120. 
122. 181. 

Higginson, rev. john. i. 170. 204. his 
character, ii. 117. 282. v. (iv.) 
251. viii. 111. 112. 

High-gate. iii. 179. 

Hight, elizabeth. x. 176. 

Hildersham, rev. arthur, of ashby de 
la zouch, a friend to massachusetts 
colony, v. 121. malleus brownis- 
tarum. 118. 121. vii. P. 12. no- 
tice of ; silenced; his motto. P. 53. 
his works esteemed in new england. 
P. 54. 

Hill, Jacob, vii. 170. 

Hill, Joseph, iv. 25. vii. 55. 

Hill, Joseph, a benefactor of harvard 
college, ii. 108. 

Hill, ralph. ii. 162. iv. 76. 

Hill,ralph,jun. ii. 162. 

Hill, Jonathan, vii. 148. 150. 155. 

Hiller, . iv. 260. 

Hilliard, rev. timothy, of Cambridge, 
tutor, i. 231. x. 170. 



Hilliavd, rev. timothy, of sudbury. iv. 

Hilliard, william, printer, ii. 283. 

Hillman, . iii. 66. 

Hills, hercules. iv. 240. 243. 

Hillsborough county, new hampshire, 
account of. vii. 65. manufactures 
in. 70. 

Hilton, edward. v. 214. 215. vi. 
354. 356. 

Hilton, william. v. 214. 

Hilton, . vii. P. 73. 

Hilyard,job. viii. 106. 

Hinckley, thomas, governour of ply- 
mouth colony, i. (xxii.) 176. iv. 
81. 247. vii. 144. his manu- 
scripts. 184. william penn's letter 
to. 185. viii. 182. 

Hinckley, samuel. iv. 81. 239. 247. 

Hinckley papers, extracts from. vii. 

Hingham. i. (is.) being ] 3th church 
gathered ; sends lumber to boston ; 
its families ; quarrel amongst its 
inhabitants, iii. 160. 233. petition 
of its inhabitants, iv. 108. fined 
for presenting the petition. 109. 
petition thrown over board at sea. 
115. or bear's cove, settled, v. 
158. church gathered. 192. or- 
dination at. 279. quarrel about 
the choice of a captain. vi. 

Hinton, sir thomas. ix. 119. 

Hirst, samuel. viii. 243. 

Hiscox, william. viii. 112. 

Hispaniola discovered, v. 8. 

Historical transactions, quoted. x. 
101, et post. 

Historical society. See massachusetts 
historical society. 

Historical collections, notice of. ii. 

History of new england, by hubbard. 
v. and vi. 

History of the county of Worcester, 
referred to. vii. 178. 

Hitchetee, indian language, ii. 18. 

Hitchcock, rev. dr. enos, of provi- 
dence, vii. 164. 

Hix, robert. iv. 85. 

Hixon, mrs. x. 177. 

Hixon, joanna. x. 177. 

Hoar, rev. leonard, president of har- 
vard college, dies. i. 107. 

Hobart, rev. peter, arrives, iii. 160. 
of hingham. iv. 109. trial. 110. 

120. v. 192. difficulties in church. 
vi. 418. 

Hobart, rev. noah. ii. 194. 

Hobart, . iii 111. 

Hobart, rev. james, of berlin, Vermont, 
iii. 111. 

Hobart, elihu. vii. 119. 

Hobart, . vii. 123. 

Hobart's works in abington. vii. 

Hobbamacke, indian, a friend to the 
english. v. 67. 68. 70. 71. 

Hobbamoquoi, or hobbamock, an in- 
dian devil, iii. 127. vi. 651. ix. 

Hobby, rev. william. viii. 54. 81. 84. 
85. 178. 

Hobson, capt. v. 13. comes to new 
england. 39. viii. 156. with cap- 
tain herley and others, and two 
american indians, epenow and man- 
awet, sent on discovery to new eng- 
land ; attacked by indians of new 
england; defeated and returns, ix. 

Hockamock meadows in bridgewater. 
vii. 173. 

Hockamock, now eastern and rayn- 
ham. vii. 141. 

Hocking, , captain of lord say 

and lord brooke's pinnace, killed at 
kennebeck in a quarrel with ply- 
mouth people, v. 167. 

Hodges, , expelled oxford uni- 
versity, vii. P. 52. 53. 

Hodges, , arrives at boston with 

an account of the loss of captain 
pierce's ship. vii. P. 86. 

Hodges, henry, vii. 164. 

Hodgkin, william. viii. 107. 

Hoffman, martin, viii. 321. 

Hog Island, iv. 289. 

Hogs brought to massachusetts. vii. 
P. 30. breaking into cornfields, 
may be killed, vii. P. 93. early 
carried to Virginia, viii. 210. 

Hoit, deborah. x. 179. 

Holbrook, samuel. iv. 179. 

Holbrook,john. vii. 122. 123. 

Holden, . x. 182. 

Holden, randall, one of gorton's com- 
pany, vi. 507. vii. 93. a peti- 
tioner with gorton and others to 
col. nichols and others, king's com- 
missioners, viii. 68. ix. 182. 

Holden, -. x. 39. 



Holden, oliver, esq. teacher of baptists 

at charlestown. ii. 172. 179. 
Holden, mrs. ii. 187. 
Holgrave, john. viii. 229. 
Holland, at war with england. vi. 

323. with spain. vii. P. 17. 81. 

makes peace with england. x. 

Holland, earl of, executed, iv. 157. 
Holland, Cornelius, vi. 349. 510. ix. 


Holland, . ii. 144. 

Holland, captain, iv. 95. surveys 

american coast. 96. 
Hollet, John. iv. 241. 
Holley, rev. horace, of boston, his an- 
niversary sermon at plymouth. vii. 

Holliman, ezekiel, rebaptizes roger 

Williams, and is rebaptized by him. 
^ v. 33d. ix. 170. 197. 
Holliman, mary. ix. 197. 
Hollis, thomas. ii. 190. his letter to 

dr. andrew eliot, about massachu- 

setts coin. ii. 276. 
Hollis, new hampshire, its ministers 

and churches, viii. 178. 
Holman, john. vii. 159. 160. viii. 

Holman, John. vii. P. 68. 
Holmes, lieut. vii. P. 71. 
Holmes, rev. , ofduxbury. x. 

68. # 
Holmes, william, sen. iv. 240. 

Holmes, . x. 67. 

Holmes, abraham. iv. 259. 260. 
Holmes, rev. william, of chilmark. 

iii. 74. 
Holmes, abraham, his letter to rev. 

dr. holmes, x. 29. his account of 

rochester. 30. 
Holmes, captain melzar. ii. 180. 
Holmes, rev. dr. abiel, annals, i. 

(xxiii. xxv.) ii. 45. 160. 254. iv. 

70. v. (vi.) vii. 181. acknow- 
ledgment of donations in behalf of 

massachusetts historical society, ii. 

285. iii. 292. iv. 304. vii. 297. 

viii. 329. ix. £69. x. 188. 29.82. 

Holmes, jedediah. iii. 206. 213. 

Holmes, . iv. 260. 

Holmes's hole. iii. 39. 48. 53. 70. 

Holston river, vii. 58. 

Holt, moses. i. 249. 

Holton, dr. samuel, of danvers. iv. 


Holyoke, elizur. x. 26. 27. 

Holyoke, dr. edward-a. i. 112. his 
thermometiical observations at sa- 
lem. iii. 22. # 

Homan, jo. viii. 197. 

Homes, Joseph, iii. 208. 

Homes, isaac. iii. 208. 

Hooke, , an eminent counsel- 
lor, i. (xxvii.) his opinion respect- 
ing the charter of new england. 

Hooke, rev. william, of new haven, 
goes to england. vi. 330. 663., 
labours to convert indians. 657. 
formerly of taunton. vii. 20. 

Hooker, rev. thomas, of hartford, a 
great divine. ii. 260. arrives, 
iii. 134. first settles at Cambridge. 
137. 139. removes to hartford, 
Connecticut, iii. 151. iv. 1. v. 
136. 165. 169. 182. 189. modera- 
tor of synod at Cambridge. 298. 
principal cause of settlement on 
Connecticut river. vi. 305. 307. 
313. death. 315. 409. opposed 
to sending men to england to con- 
sult with divines there. 409. his 
" survey/' in answer to mr. ruth- 
erforth, sent to england to be print- 
ed. 415. exertions to bring about 
a confederacy. 466. epitaph. 541. 
vii. 126. 128. P. 36. viii. 17. 124. 

Hooksett falls, vii. 66. 

Hooper, . vii. 155. 

Hooper, thomas. vii. 165. 

Hooper, thomas. vii. 160. 

Hooper, william. i. 249. 

Hooper, hezekiah. vii. 161. 

Hooper, rev. hezekiah. vii. 170. 

Hooper, thomas. ii. 172. 

Hooper, susanna. ii. 168. 

Hop brook, in sudbury. iv. 55. 

Hope, ship, capt. girling;, v. 162. 

Hopewell, ship. v. 129. arrives at 
salem. vii. P. 10. 

Hoph, rev. . vii. 51. 

Hopkins, edward. i. 231. v. 262. 
governour of Connecticut colony ; 
dies in england. vi. 329. vii. 1. 

Hopkins, Stephen, iii. 184. iv. 100. 
v. 67. assistant of plymouth colo- 
ny, vii. P. 83. ix. 38. 47. x 
58. _ 

Hopkins, thomas. ix. 170. 

Hopkins, Stephen, governor of rhode 



island, one of the signers of the de- 
claration of independence, probably 
the author of the account of provi- 
dence, ix. 166. 

Hopkins, rev. samuel, his historical 
memoirs of housatunnuk indians, 
referred to. x. 124. 

Horace, quoted, iii. 229. 

Horn, widow, x. 178. 

Hornbeck, dr. professor of divinity at 
leyden. v. 189. vi. 641. 

Horse neck, in carver, iv. 275. 

Horses, none in new england. vii. 
P. 58. 

Hosack, dr. david. x. 192. 

Hosmer,titus, esq of middletown, Con- 
necticut, ii. 240. 

Hosmer, abner. viii. 45. 

Hospital, marine, at charlestown. i. 
125. general, petition for. i. 127. 
at rainsford island, i. 108. sur- 
geons, i. 111. mates, i. 111. 

Hospitals for inoculation. i. 108. 
military, i. HI. 

Hough, allerton. v. 259. vii. 129. 
x. 23. 24. 

Hough, , his orchard and fruits 

at nansamund, Virginia, ix. 119. 

Hough, Joseph, of middlebury, Ver- 
mont, ix. 128. 

Houland, john. ix. 38. 

Hound's ditch, at duxbury. iii. 179. 

House, samuel. iv. 239. 

House, . vii. 123. 

House of sir h. vane, in boston, still 
standing, i. (xxx.) 

Houses for bathing in boston, salem, 
&c. i. 127, 

Houses forbidden to be thatched, vii. 
P. 23. 

Houston, rev. John, of bedford, new 
hampshire, iv. 78. 

Houston, , a black man, kept 

the first tavern in tyngsborough; 
his son fitted for college, iv. 194. 

Hovey, rev. ivory, of rochester, after- 
wards of plymouth, his character, 
iii. 200. 201. his diary. 201. iv. 
263. x. 31. 

Hovey, james. iv. 87. 

How, ephraim, his sufferings at sea. 
vi. 644. 645. 

How, lydia. x. 177. 

How, isaac-r. iv. 169. 

Howard, john. vii. 151. 

Howard, , in Virginia, i. 67. 

Howard, daniel. vii. 145. 146. 

Howard, robert. vii. 146. 
Howard, ephraim. vii. 159. 
Howard, dr. abiel. vii. 151. 169. 
Howard, daniel. iii. 9. vii. 160. 

Howard, rev. dr. simeon, of boston. 

vii. 152. 169. 

Howard, , esq. ii. 229. 

Howard, hon. daniel. vii. 157. 160. 

Howard, rev. bezaliel, of springfield. 

vii. 152. 169. 
Howard, rev. zechariah, of canton. 

vii. 152. 170. 
Howard, francis. vii. 169. 
Howard, daniel. vii. 170. 
Howard, eliakim. vii. 150. 
Howard, gideon. vii. 160. 
Howard, caleb. vii. 160. 
Howard, john-e. vii. 169. 
Howard farms, vii. 145. 146. 
Howarth, lieut. viii. 157. 
Howe, rev. Joseph, of boston, ii. 

Howe, sir william. ii. 167. 
Howe, general robert. iii. 238. 
Howe, william. viii. 115. 

Howell, . iv. 224. 

Howland, john. iii. 184. iv. 220. 

arrives at plymouth in 1620. iv. 

278. assistant of plymouth colony. 

vii. P. 83. x. 68. 
Howland, henry, x. 57. 69. * 
Howland, john. iv. 278. 
Howland, Joseph, iv. 278. 
Howland, isaac. iv. 278. 
Howland, jabez. iv. 278. 
Howland, john, sen. iv. 278. 
Howland, rev. john, of carver, iv. 

277. sketch of. 278. • 
Howland, john. iv. 278. 

Howland, . iv. 294. 

Howldon. See holden, randall. 
Howlet, thomas. vii. P. 86. 
Hubbard, william, subscribes £50 for 

massachusetts colony. v. 122. 

sworn a freeman, vii. P. 58. viii. 

Hubbard, rev. peter. See hobart. 
Hubbard, rev. william, of ipswich ; 

history of new england, at large, 5th 

and 6th vols. ; account of the rise of 

baptists, i. 207. notice of history. 

209. visited and described by john 

dunton. ii. 121. manuscript of 

history copied by judge oliver. 260. 

prospectus of history. 283. list 



and various notices of works. 281. 
282. letters respecting history, 
iii. 286. iv. 24. 93. quoted. 138. 
printed works, v. (iv.) opinion on 
toleration, vi. 373. 374. quoted, 
vii 98. 158. 159. 190. remarks on 
history. 125. vii. (prince's adver- 
tisement.) history corrected. P. 
25. 30. mistake corrected. P. 33. 
64. history defective, viii. 99. 

Hubbard, richard. viii. 107. 

Hubbard, samuel. viii. 112. 

Hubbard, thomas, estimate of the 
expenses of massachusetts, in 1764, 
including forts, salaries, &c. and 
the bounty on wheat. viii. 198. 
199. x. 28. 

Hubbard, captain, wounded, ii. 246. 

Hudibras, origin of one of its jokes, 
v. 77. 

Hudson, capt. henry, coasts along 
north america. v. 13. 73. disco- 
vers hudson's river, in 1610. vi. 

Hudson, francis. iv. 203. 

Hudson, . vii. 155. 

Hudson's straits, ii. 11. v. 14. 

Hudson's bay. ii. 42. 

Hudson's river, v. 18. origin of its 
name. 13. the original destina- 
tion of the plymouth colony. 50. 
discovered and planted. vi. 666. 
dutch settlement at visited by capt. 
darmer. ix. 11. 

Huet, mrs. of hingham. vi. 422. 

Huet, rev. . vii. 21. 

Hughes, james, of boston, quoted, 
viii. 316. 

Hull, rev. , of weymouth. v. 


Hull, . iii. 285. viii. 90. 112. 

HulLlieut. iv. 218. 

Hull, settlement of vi. 409. 

Humane society of boston, i. ]20. 
list of addresses before. 121. its 
huts. iii. 26. 

Humane society of newburyport. i. 

Humbirds early found in new eng- 
land. v 25. 

Humboldt, baron william von. one of 
the authors of the mithridates. ix. 
231. 232. quoted, x. 123. 150. 

Hume, quoted, i. (xiv.) 

Hummock pond, at nantucket. iii. 

Humphrey, John, deputy governour of 
company in england, arrives; set- 
tles at lynn ; chosen assistant ; re- 
turns to england. i. (xxiv.) v. 106. 
requests mr. higginson to come 
to new england. 112. assistant. 
121. 122. chosen deputy gover- 
nour, but not arriving, mr. t. dud- 
ley was chosen in his room. 124. 
146. comes to new england with 
propositions from persons in eng- 
land, to come to massachusetts. 
154. with lady susan,his wife, sister 
to the earl of lincoln, arrives ; brings 
cattle with him. 170. returns to 
england. 171. misfortune in his 
family. vi. 379. appears before 
privy council in behalf of massa- 
chusetts. vii. P. 89. viii. 97. a 
magistrate of massachusetts. vii. 
129. assistant. P. 60. 92. viii. 

Humphries, general david, commis- 
sioner to creek indians. iii. 249. 

Hunkins, j. vi. 648. 

Hunt, capt. thomas, seizes indians, 
and attempts to sell them to the 
Spaniards as slaves, v. 38. 39. 54. 
defeated in his devilish projects by 
the friars in the " straits," who in- 
struct the indians in Christianity, 
ix. 6. 

Hunt, edmund. vii. 138. x. 57. 
69. 70. 

Hunt, peter, iii. 208. 

Hunt. . iii. 17. 

Hunt, samuel, master of latin gram- 
mar school at boston, i. 230. 

Hunter, sloop of war. ii. 239. 

Hunter, . i. 108. 

Hunting, capt. vi. 631. 

Hunting, elder enoch, of new london, 
new Hampshire, viii. 175. 

Huntingdon, long island, vi. 669. 

Huntington, jedidiah. i. 249. vii. 

Huntington, rev. Joshua, of boston, 
vii. 166. 182. 

Huntington, rev. daniel, of bridgewa- 
ter. vii. 166. 

Huntoon, charles. x. 179. 

Hurd, Joseph, esq. of charlestown. 
ii. 173. 177. 179. 180. 181. 

Hurd, Joseph, ii. 178. 

Hurd. dr. isaac. ii. 178. 

Hurd, rev. isaac, of lynn. ii. 178. 

Hurd, charles. ii. 178. 



Hurd, benjamin, ii. 179. 180. 

Hurd, benjamin, jun. ii. 181. 

Huron, lake, indians on its borders, 
ii. 3. 

Huron indian grammar, composed by 
father chaumont. viii. 250. 

Hurricane in massachusetts. v. 162. 
in new england, 15th august, 1635. 
199. 200. 

Hurricane of October, 1804 ; effects at 
abington. vii. 114. 115. 

Hurricane of 1815, notice of. x. 45. 

Hurst, deacon, iii. 178. 

Huse, abel. viii. 106. 

Hutchins, thomas. viii. 97. x. 27. 

Hutchinson, thomas. vii. P. 69. 

Hutchinson, george. vii. P. 69. 

Hutchinson, wiiliam, husband of mrs. 
ami hutchinson. v. 261. ruled by 
his wife ; appointed magistrate, 
vi. 339. vii. 136. ix. 179. x. 23. 

Hutchinson, mrs. ann, account of the 
disturbance created by in massachu- 
setts. v. 280. character of. 284. 
outline of her argument before the 
court. 284. expelled from mas- 
sachusetts ; excommunicated by 
boston church. 285. 297. some 
of her opinions. 286. ordered to 
remove out of massachusetts on ac- 
count of religious opinions, vi. 
336. intends to go to pascataqua, 
but concludes to go to rhode island. 
336. would have no magistrates ; 
sends an admonition to church at 
boston. 338. while at prayer, an 
earthquake happens, which she 
attributes to the descent of the holy 
ghost ; continues to create disturb- 
ances. 339. called a she gamaliel. 
341. leaves rhode island and goes 
to the dutch, where she and others 
are killed by indians. 345. 

Hutchinson, edward. ix. 179. 

Hutchinson, francis, son of mrs. 
hutchinson, goes to boston, where 
he is imprisoned and fined for re- 
proaching the churches, vi. 342. 
343. killed by indians. 345. his 
letter from rev. John cotton, x. 184. 
Hutchinson, edward, jun. ix. 179. x. 

Hutchinson, ephraim. viii. 44. 
Hutchinson, capt. elisha. ii. 100. x. 

Hutchinson, hon. thomas. x. 27. 
Hutchinson, edward. viii. 242. x. 27. 1 

Hutchinson, wiiliam. x. 27. 

Hutchinson, gov. thomas. i. (xxii.) 
his notice of rev. wiiliam hubbard. 
ii.282. quoted, iii. 182. 221. 234. 
255. 256. 287. 290. iv. 156. his 
furniture and library destroyed by 
a mob. v. (iii.) his remarks on 
hubbard's history, v. (v.) x. 28. 
his papers deposited in the library 
of the historical society, by order of 
the governour and council of mas- 
sachusetts. 181. 

Hutchinson, elisha. iii. 287. x. 192. 

Hutchinson's history, appendix to, 
cited, i. (xxvii.) errour in, cor- 
rected, ii. 274. unpublished vol- 
ume of. iii. 287. quoted, iv. 57. 
111. referred to. viii. 47. 52.84. 
97. 254. 

Hutchinson's collection of papers re- 
ferred to. viii. 49. 96. 102. 

Huts erected by massachusetts hu- 
mane society, iii. 26. 

Huttamoiden, indian. v. 61. 

Huxam. i. 108. 

Hyde, dr. john-a. iv. 179. 

Hyde, rev. ephraim, of rehoboth. vii. 

Hyde, joshua, esq. of middlebury, 
Vermont, ix. 125. 

Hyland, thomas. iv. 240. 

Hymn, sung after celebration of 22d 
december. i. (xxxi.) 

" Hypocrisy unmasked." iv. 107. by 
mr. winslow. 116. 

Hyslop, wiiliam. ii. 46. his gift of 
church plate to brookline. ii. 154. 

Hyslop, david, gives a baptismal vase 
to brookline. ii. 154. 

Hywassee, indian school at. iv. 67. 


Ice in boston harbour breaks up, se- 
ven years successively, on 10th 
february. vii. P. 19. in plymoulh 
harbour, iii. 196. 

Ignatius, pun upon. iv. 103. 

Igowam. iv.296. 

Illinois country visited by robertson ; 
french settlement at. vii. 63. 

Illonese indians. ii. 7. 8. 

Independence, brig. iv. 285. 

Independence, sermon delivered on 
the day appointed for publishing it. 
vii. 177. 



Independents, i. 167. their opinions 
on church government. 200. 

Index of" indian words in eliot' s gram- 
mar, and select, words from the bi- 
ble, with their meanings. ix. 
(xlviii.) et post. 

Index of mohegan, chippeway, mo- 
hawk and shawanese words explain- 
ed in edwards's observations on in- 
dian languages, x. loo. 

Index of the principal matters in ed- 
wards's observations on the indian 
languages and the editor's notes, x. 

India creek, ii. 15. 

Indian brook, iii. 179. 

Indian hill. iii. 179. 

Indian head river, iv. 220. 227. 

Indian pond. iv. 289. 

11 Indian grammar begun," by rev. 
John eliot, published at large, ix. 
243, et post. ; with introductory 
observations by j. pickering, esq. 
223, et post. ; and notes and obser- 
vations by p. s. du ponceau, esq. 
313, et post.; and supplementary 
observations, by j. pickering, esq. 
(xxx.) and an index of indian 
words, with select words from the 
bible, (xlviii.) 

Indian languages of north and south 
america, observations on, by John 
pickering, esq. ix. 223—243. 

Indian languages. See index. x. 
155. 158. — names of tribes, and 
names of states and territories in 
which they dwell. 

Indian vocabulary, by cotton, referred 
to. x. 81. 

Indian war in new england, in 1C75. 
x. 172. fable, iii. 7. 34. 43. af- 
fection, instance of. iii. 35. ho- 
nesty and carefulness, instance of. 
iii. 36. mode of taking fish. iii. 
81. woman, at kingston, massa- 
chusetts, had seven children in 
twenty-two months, iii. 206. grain. 
iv. 35. feast, iv. 42. superstition 
about an evil spirit on mount catar- 
din. viii. 116. manure, or fish, 
ix. 60. names of places at ply- 
mouth, etc. iii. 175. 

Indians in the western parts of the 
united states, mr. schermerhorn's 
report concerning their numbers, 
etc. ii. 1 — 45. west of the missi- 
sippi, table of. ii. 23. and north 
vol. x. 39 

of the missouri. 44. east of the 
missisippi, and north of the ohio 
to the likes, table of. 12. in 
tennessee, georgia, and missisippi 
territory, table of. 20. in lower 
louisiana, table of. 30. be- 
tween arkansas and missouri. 
3!). their number at mashpee. iii. 
14. at nantucket. 36. at 
martha's vineyard. 86. table 
of their decrease. 92. 93. their 
number at bridgewater. vii. J 71. 
at south hampton, long island. 
23. of the iroquois, or five 

nations, viii. 243—245. in north 
america, society for propagating 
the gospel amongst, account of. 
ii. 45. incorporated. 46. funds 
in england for propagating the gos- 
pel among, vii. 102. wonder at 
the sight of a ship. ii. 65. terri- 
fied by fire arms. 65. v. 55. 
great mortality among in 1618, and 
dismay at it. ii. Hi}, mortality 
amongst. 72. vi. 650. great 
mortality by small-pox among, v. 
194. 195. vii. P. 67. infectious 
fever among. P. 96. described 
by dunton. ii. 108 — 115. go- 
vernment monarchical ; queen. 

109. authority of king ; nobility. 

110. punishments. 111. religion; 
pay homage to creatures in which 
some deity is supposed to exist. 

111. 112. priests; notions of a 
future state. 113. black their 
faces in time of mourning. 122. 
six churches and eighteen catechu- 
mens of. 115. manner of burial. 
122. labours of rev. j. eliot among. 
114. 115. destruction of, by fever 
and intemperance. iii. 36. at- 
tempts to convert. 36. 83. viii. 29. 
general war of, against the english. 
81. 86. yellow fever among, iii. 
91. small-pox among. 127. v. 
51. 54. food ; squaws paint their 
faces; notions of beauty. iv. 29. 
30. conversion, an object with 
the first settlers of new england. 
v. 8. 12. 14. welcome gosnold on 
his arrival. 10. rights of surces- 
sion amongst those of north ameri- 
ca. 34. success of gospel amongst, 
vi. 649 — 660. carried to england 
by capt. harlow. v. 38. conspire 
against the english. 77. 7S. vi. 



446. guns not to be sold to. vii. 
P. 1. a trucking house for, to be 
erected in each plantation of mas- 
sat husetts. P. 01. not to have 
strong water. P. 93. quarrel with 
massachusetts about bounds, (hough 
they had sold to massachusetts peo- 
ple ; threaten war; sagamores 
come to boston to give an account 
of themselves. P. 67. of new eng- 
land, dress and habits, viii. 27. 28. 
the number educating at harvard 
college, and of christian indians, in 
1665. viii. 66. troubles in new 
england occasioned by, by increase 
mather, referred to. 125. easfern, 
letter to governour of niassaehu- 
setts, with i'ac-similes of their seals. 
259 — 263. two, come to view and 
parley with plymoulh pilgrims, ix. 
47. instruct plymouth people to 
use fish as a manure. 60. gene- 
rally submit to king james, make 
peace with plymouth people, and 
act with good faith. 61. 68. sub- 
mit to massachusetts. vii. 45. near 
plymouth, religious notions and 
worship. ix. 91, et sue. rapid 
recovery of their won. en after child- 
bearing. 93. rights and duties of 
sachems. 95. 96. actions in case 
of sickness and death ; employment 
of men and women. 96. take 
much tobacco ; customs and ha- 
bits ; criiues and punishments ; 
dress. 97. 98. language copious ; 
historical monuments. 99. title 
to old colony purchased, vii. 143. 
title to massachusetts. P. (57. 
chiefs acknowledge king james. 
v. 60. 61. vii. 99/105. ix. 61.68. 
at war with the dutch, vi. 441. 
christian, obtain a grant of land. 
544. books distributed amongst, 
ii. 48. massacre in Virginia, viii. 
30. See names of tribes, states, 
territories and places, in which they 
dwell, &c. 

Infant baptism, i. 167. 

Influenza, at carver, iv. 279. 

lngalls, dr. william, his lectures, i. 

Ingerfield, lieut. george, of falmouth 
vi. 600. 

Ingerson, john. viii. 106. 

Ingham, thomas. iv. 241. 

Ingols, samuel. viii. 107; 

ngram succeeds bacon as leader of 
the rebels in Virginia, i. 60. pro- 
claimed general. 61. takes glos- 
ter men. 70. challenged by bris- 
tow. 71. reduced by grantham. 

Inheritance, decision regarding, viii. 

Injuries by thunder and lightning in 
1670—1676. vi. 627. 

Inoculation for small-pox ; opposed 
by dalhound ; defended by the 
clergy of massachusetts. i. 106. 
introduced into new england by dr. 
zabdiel boylston. ii. 159. vii. 73. 
conscientious scruples about. 74. 
deaths in Philadelphia by. 73. 
at boston, account of; means ta- 
ken to prevent, and to test the effi- 
cacy or ; number of deaths by, 
compared to those by the small- 
pox naturally taken ; disputes in 
favour and against inoculation in 
america. 71. 72. 73. See small- 

Ipswich, i. (ix.) ii. 120. 121. being 
the 9th church gathered, iii. 141. 
respectability and wealth of its first 
settlers; its houses and fami- 
lies. 142. its church. iv. 1. 
meeting of ministers at. iv. 158. 
v. 17. indians at. v. 32. settled. 
158. storm at, august 15, 1635. 
198. ordination at. 274. meet- 
ing of ministers at, by order of 
general court, to consult about the 
standing council, and their re- 
solves, vi. 387. 388. injuries at, 
by thunder and lightning. 628. 
petitions massachusetts aeneral 
court against disloyalty, and in fa- 
vour of appeasing charles ii. ; with 
the names of its petitioners, viii. 

Ipswich river, iii. 141. vi. 372. 

Ipswich hamlet, or hamilton. vii. 

Ireland, iii. 125. a ship arrives from, 
with provisions. 138. 

Irenicon, denison's. ii. 282. 

Iripegouans indians. viii. 251. 

iron ore at marlha's vineyard, hi. 
49. at nantucket. 24. mill, 
first at scituate. iv. 224. one early 
at lynn. ii. 93. 

Irons, a rude fellow, drowned. vi. 



Irognes indians. viii. 246. 
Iroquois indians. See five nations. 
Iroquoise, chippeway indians; their 

numbers ; catholick priests among. 

ii. 11. 
Isam, Gaptain, an enemy of massa- 

chusetts, seized with a loathsome 

disease, and dies by piece-meal. vi. 

Island creek, x. G2. 69. 
Isle a la crosse. ii. 11. 
Isle of wight, colony embarked at, for 

massachusetts. iv. 201. 
Isles of scilly. iv. 116. 
Israel river, iii. 99. 
lyanough, an indian. ix. 53. 


Jackarty. ii. 239. 

Jackman, george. x.76. 

Jackson, samuel. iv. 240. 

Jackson, edward. iv. 24. viii. 91. 

Jackson, james viii. 106. 

Jackson, Jonathan, iv. 229. 

Jackson, lieutenant samuel. iii. 192. 

Jackson, rev. Joseph, of brookline, 
his character, ii. 150. delegate 
to convention ; his character. 151. 

Jackson, Joseph, jun. dies at ports- 
mouth, new hampshire. ii. 158. 

Jackson, hon. charles. x. 191. 

Jackson, dr. james. i. 117. 

Jackson, . ii. 142. 

Jackson, . x. 161. 

Jackson's inn. iii. 174. 

Jack-straw, an indian. viii. 231. 

Jacob, henry. i. 165. his treatise 
on Christ's church. 165. founder 
of congregational church ; settled 
at ley den ; comes to Virginia. 166. 

Jacob, John, of hinghatn. iv. 221. 
vii. 122. 

Jacobs, lieutenant, kills indians. iv. 

Jacobs, margaret. iii. 224. 

Jacobs, henry, viii. 45. 

JafHone river, ii. 39. 

Jakis indians. viii. 251. 

Jamaica, note on ; situation and 
extent. iii. 285. productions, 

James, rev. thomas, of charlestown, 
goes to Virginia ii. 171. of charles- 
town and new haven. iii. 129. 
146. v. 135 187. removes to 

Virginia. 191. vi. 410. sworn a 
freeman, vii. P. 69. 72. notice 
of; removes to new haven. P. 76. 
and thence to england. P. 77. 

James, sagamore. v. 145. dies. 
195. his wife ransomed, vii. P. 
32. 34. m. (corrections.) P. 64. 

James, thomas. ix. 170. 

James, John. iv. 241. 

James ii. king of england, history of, 
by fox. i. 152. 

James, dr. edwin, catalogue of 
plants near middlebury, Vermont, 
with their botanical names, ix. 
146, et post. 

James, ship, of Bristol, england, ar- 
rives with passengers ; narrow 
escape, v. 200. 201. arrives with 
passengers and heifers, vii. P. 61. 

Jamestown, Virginia, description of. 
i. 52. its fort. 209. built, viii. 

James' river, v. 38. principal set- 
tlement in Virginia on. ix. 110. 

Jameson, . iv. 179. 

Janson, sir bryan, assistant of mas- 
sachusetts company, v. 124. 

Jaques, major samuel. ii. 180. 181. 

Jaqueth, oliver, instructer. ii. 180. 

Jarvis, miss delia. viii. 285. 

Jarvis, rev. dr. samuel-f. of boston, 
quoted, x. 120. 

Jefferson society, at Charlestown. ii. 

Jefferson, new hampshire. iii. 105. 

Jeffries, william. vii. l\ 4. sworn a 
freeman. P. 29. vi. 428. 

Jeffries, sergeant, viii. 146. 

Jenison, captain, viii. 236. 

Jenkins, , killed by indians. 

vii. P. 66. 

Jenkins, edward. iv. 239. 

Jenkins, . x. 177. 

Jenkins, . vii. 123. 

Jenks, rev. william. i. 244. of 
bath. iv. 180. 181. of boston, x. 

Jenner, rev. thomas; difficulties with 
his church at weymouth- v. 274. 
vii. 10. 

Jenner, capt. thomas, notice of. 
ii. 99. 

Jenner, david. ii. 178 

Jenner, dr. edward. i. 121. 

Jennings, captain, vii. 55. 

Jennings, Stephen, of hatfield, goes-to 



canada and ransoms his wife. vi. 
637. 638. 

Jenny, John. iii. 183. 184. 187. iv. 
100. 283. v. 83. 

Jenny, samuel. iv. 100. 

Jenny, . iv. 260. 

Jephry, isaac, his salary. iii. 13. 

Jericho, long; island, vi. 669. 

Jermin, sirthomas, a friend of massa- 
chusetts. v. 154. his report to 
the king in favour of gov. winthrop 
and massachusetts. vii. P. 89. 

Jerusalem, long island, vi. 669. 

Jesse, henry, i. 165. becomes an 
anabaptist ; holds to mixed com- 
munion ; lines over his study 168. 

Jesuite, pun upon. iv. 103. 

Jesuits, act against in new york. i. 
143. college at quebec. ii. 247. 

Jewell, ship, harlston, captain. v. 
129. arrives at salem. vii. P. 10. 
increase nowell one of its owners. 
P. 14. 

Jewett, . iv. 134. 

Jewett, Stephen, viii. 106. 

Jewett, nehemiah, speaker of house 
of representatives of massachu- 
setts. viii. 337. 

Jewitt, Jeremiah, viii. 107. 

Joan of arc. vi. 574. 

John, sagamore, a friend of massa- 
chusetts; gives two sons to the 
english. iii. 127. v. 145. and 
most of his people die. 195. 
dies of small-pox. , vi. 650. 651. 
vii. P. 21. 25. recovers against 
sir r. saltonstall. P. 21 . wig- 
wams burnt. P. 21. 22. promises 
to pay for damages done by his 
people. P. 29. wounded. P. 
32 33. 58. promises to fence his 
corn. P. 66. 7:?. viii. 231. 

Johnson, sir william. i. 149. 

Johnson, isaac. i. (xxiv.) buried at 
stone chapel burying ground, bos- 
ton, (xxx.) ii. 79. death and 
character. 87. vii. P. 1. 2. 14. 
v. 109. assistant. 124. 128. dies. 
132. 133. vii. 148. 159. one of 
the five undertakers; said to be 
a cause of the settlement of boston ; 
buried in the now chapel burying 
ground ; assistant and patentee of 
new enoland vii. P. 2. 14. 69. 

Johnson, lady arbella. i. (xxiv.) ii. 
79. 86. her character, v. 132, 133. 

Johnson, John, of roxbury, surveyor 
general, iv. 25. vi. 430. vii. 
56. P. 4. 60. 

Johnson, edward. i. (xxiii.) of wo- 
bum, mistake about corrected ; 
author of wonder-working provi- 
dence, ii. 49. 95. notice of, from 
sermon by rev. Joseph chickering 
of woburn ; emigrated from kent, 
england ; recorder of woburn. 95. 
deputy to general court; his death. 
96. vii. P. 4. wonder-work- 
ing providence corrected. P. 4. 
39. sworn a freeman. P. 29. 
wonder-working providence ex- 
plained. P. 75. viii. 91. 

Johnson, perseverance, of amster- 
dam. ii. 179. 

Johnson, humphrey. iv. 241. 

Johnson, • . v. 24. 

Johnson, ensign, vii. 54. 

Johnson, mrs. hannah. vii. 121. 

Johnson, . viii. 112. 

Johnson, rev. samuel, doubts the va- 
lidity of presbyterian ordination. 
ii.129. iv. 299. 

Johnson, daniel. i. 249. vii. 169. 

Johnson, colonel, iii. 237. 

Johnson, rev. alfred, of freeport. iv. 

Johnson, daniel. vii. 169. 

Johnson alfred. jun. iv. 179. 

Johnson, deacon noah. x. 180. 

Johnson, . vii. 155. 

Johnston, John, esq. account of 
indian tribes of ohio, quoted, x. 

John's pond. iii. 2. 

John's island, iii. 239. 

John's river, vii. 172. 151. 

Joliffe, John. ii. 103. viii. 44. 105. 

" Jonas, new. england's, cast up at 
london." iv. 107. published by 
william vassal, and answered by 
mr. winslow. vi. 516. 517. 

Jones, captain, iii. 208. bribed by 
the dutch to carry the plymouth 
colony to cape cod, instead of hud- 
son's river. v. 50. 75. vi. 667. 

Jones, rev. , of concord, iii. 

154. 155. v. 274. 

Jones, margaret, hanged for a witch, 
vi. 530. 

Jones, . vii. 29. 

Jones, sir william, his majesty's at- 
torney general, gives an opinion 



against the validity of the grant 
made by plymouth council to cap- 
tain mason, vi. 614. 616. 621. 

Jones, mary. i. 162. 

Jones, thornas. x. 76. 

Jones, . iv. 294. 

Jones's river bridge, iv. 229. 

Jones's river head pond. iv. 268. 281. 

Jones's inn. iv. 207. 208. 210. 213. 

Jones's river parish, now kingston. 
iii. 208. 

Jones's river pond. iii. 206. 

Jones's river, iii. 162. 163. J 84. 205. 
iv. 89. 224. 268. 279. vii. 137. 
x. 62. 67. 69. 

Jones's river landing, iv. 279. 

Jordan, miss olive, iii. 200. 

Jortin, rev. . i. 224. 

Josiah, sagamore, v. 71 . 72. 

Josselin, . v. 216. 224. 226. 

commissioner of sir f. gorges, vi. 
369. 584. 596. 597. 598. 

Josselyn, John. i. (xxiii. xxxi.) er- 
rours in, corrected, vii. P. 39. 

Jourdan, . vii. 164. 

Jourdan, clement, vii. 164. 

Journal, goveruour winthrop's, quot- 
ed, i. 169. return j. meigs's, of 
expedition to quebec, under colo- 
nel benedict amold. ii. 227. a 
paper printed at plymouth. iii. 177. 
new england medical, i. 120. 

Joy, Michael, esq. x. 1 ( J2. 

Joyliffe. Seejolifie. 

Jowa river, ii. 9. 29.41. 

Joways indians, their residence, num- 
ber and warriours. ii. 39. 

Judd, dr. e. w. his marble manufacto- 
tory at middlebury, Vermont, ix. 

Judith point, iii. 4i\ 

Judson. rev. adoniram, of plymouth. 
iii. 201. 203 

Jupiter, ship, loss of. iv. 71. 

Jury, remarks on, by governour 
hutchinson. i. (xxii.) their verdict 
against rev. mr. hobart. iv. 110. 
grand, first used in massachusetts 
in 1635. v. 159. petit, try mat- 
ters of fact in massachusetts. 
159. not used in new haven colo- 
ny, vi. 320. 332. empannelled 
to decide the controversy about 
ligonia. 369. not to be used 
by king's commissioners in appeals 
to them from massachusetts courts, 
viii. 91. 92. 110. introduced 

among indians at martha's vineyard 
by mr. mayhew. iii. 83. 
Justice, administration of in rhode 
island, required by the king to be 
in his name. vii. 93. not ad- 
ministered in massachusetts in the 
king's name during the common- 
wealth, but renewed afterwards, 
viii. 48. 74. 


Kamesit. iii. 175. 

Kamschatka. ii. 43. 

Kansas indians, their residence and 
numbers; defeated by pawnees, ii. 

Karalit, or language of greenland, is 
spoken in asia. ix. 233. 

Kaskias indians, their numbers, ii. 8. 
have a catholick priest; their an- 
nuity. 9. 13. 

Kata indians. ii. 38. 

Kautantowit, his house the abode of 
the good after death, as believed by 
massachusetts indians ; Indian su- 
perstition about his creating man- 
kind, ii. 113. 

Kawassa. iv. 265. 

Kean, mrs. iv. 91. 

Kean, -. iv. 249. 

Kearsarge mountain, viii. 174. 

Keayne, robert, first commander of an- 
cient and honourable artillery com- 
pany., ii. 185. viii. 230. x. 24. 

Kebec. See quebec. 

Keekamuit, or bristol, rhode island, its 
meaning, x. 174. 

Kee kepenajjlieseek fight, viii. 246. 

Keen, 1. iv. 260. 

Keene, new hampshire, its indian 
name ; broken up by indians. iii. 

Keetohs, indian family, iii. 8. 

Keil, . i. 108. 

Keith, Joseph, vii. 159. 162. 

Keith, rev. james, of bridgewater, no- 
tice of. vii. 161— 164.168. iv. 80. 
vii. 142. 147. 149. 

Keith, james. vii. 162 

Keith, samuel. vii. 162. 

Keith, timothy, vii. 162. 

Keith, john. vii. 162. 

Keith, josiah. vii. 162, 

Keith, margaret-hunt. vii. 162. 

Keith, mary-haward. vii. 162. 



Keith, israel. vii. 162. 

Keith, ephraim. vii. 162. 

Keith, Jonathan, vii. 170. 

Keith, rev. james, of duxbury. vii. 

Keith's hill. x. 42. 

Keketticut. vii. 143. 

Kelley, sarah. x. 180. 

Kellog, rev. ill- 108. 

Kelloo-o-, rev. elijah, of portland. iv. 
180? 181. 

Kellond, thomas, sent to Connecticut 
and new haven, to arrest me*srs. 
whalley and goffe, under a warrant 
from charles ii. viii. 66. summon- 
ed with thomas dearie, as one of the 
owners of the charles of oleron. 89. 

Kelly, lieutenant, iv. 218. 

Kemball, caleb. viii. 107. 

Kemball, thomas. viii. 107. 

Kemble, richard, sen. viii. 107. 

Kempton, manasses. iii. 184. 

Kempton, ephraim. iv. 241. 

Kendal, rev. dr. samuel, of weston, 
his century sermon cited, i. (xxv.) 
iii. 265. 206. 268. 273. 

Kendall, rev. james of plymoUth. iii. 
19!)— 201. 

Kendall, capt. loammi. ii. 180. 

Kendrick, captain, iv. 288. 

Kenenavish indians, their residence 
and number, ii. 38. 

Kennebeck, indians at. v. 31. trade 
at, granted to ply mouth people. 
167. quarrel at. 167. garrison at, 
attacked by indians. vi. 630. viii. 

Kennebeck river, i. (vii.) iv. 70. 
v. 16. discovered. 11. a planta- 
tion made there by sir John popham. 

Kennebunk, singular phenomenon of 
earth thrown up at. vi. 646. 

Kennedy, lieutenant, viii. 156 

Kennedy, rev. nathaniel, of litchfield, 
new hampshire. x. 56. 

Kenonge, its meaning, iii. 182. 

Kenrick, george. iv. 233. 239. 

Kenrick, john. viii. 107. 

Kent, richard. viii. 106. 

Kent, james. viii. 106. 

Kent, john. viii. 106 

Kent, richard. iv. 136. 137. 

Kent, rev. benjamin, of eliarlestown. 
ii. 178. 

Kent, Joseph, ii. 278. 

Kent, Jonathan, ii. 78. 

Kent, samuel. ii. 180. 

Kent street in scituate. iv. 239. 

Kentucky, visited by robertson. vii. 
64. Indian hostilities in. 64. 

Kettell, thomas. ii. 181. 

Kettell, john. ii. 176— 180. 

Ketticut. vii. 143. 

Kettle island, salem harbour, v. 197. 

Keyes, john. i. 1(52. 

Keyes indians, their residence, num- 
ber and language. ii.24. 

Kickapoos indians, residence, lan- 
guage, number and annuity, ii. 
8. 12. 

Kidder, Joseph, x. 178. 

Kidder, rev. Joseph, of dunstable, 
new hampshire. iv. 78. 79. 197. x. 
55. 56. 

Kidder, samuel. ii. 181. 

Kieft, william, dutch governour at 
new york. v. 245. vi. 323. cast 
away and drowned. 444.546. 

Kiehchise, its meaning, ix. 91. 

Kiehtan, a supreme divinity among 
the indians near ply mouth ; its 
meaning, ix 91. 

Kicons, its meaning, iii. 182. 

Kikegat, its meaning, x. 174. 

Kilby, Christopher, goes agent to eng- 
land. x. 28. 

Kildee, a species of plover ; its mean- 
ing, iv. 274. 

Kinckemoeks indians. viii. 248. 

Kine-pock. i. 122. 

King thomas. iv. 240. 

King, , of boston, a singer, ii. 

103. 104. 

King, george. iii. 119. 

King, . iv. 200. 

King, . iv. 284. 

King, . vii. 123. 

King's colours defaced at salem. v. 

104. by taking out the cross. 
205. ordered to be set up on the 
castle. 165. 

King's province, or narraganset coun- 
try. See narraganset. 

King's evil. i. 120. 

King's bridge, iii. 245. 

Kingschapel at boston, deaths in its 
society, iii. 2.00. 

King's cedar swamp, iv. 279. 

King's commissioners. See commis- 
sioners and reference there. 

Kingman, john. vii. 148. 150. 

Kingman, . vii. 155. 



Kingman, david. vii. 160. 

Kingman, ezra. vii. 160. 

Kingsbury, rev. samuei,of edgartown. 
iii. 72. 

Kingsbury, capt. eleazer. vii i. 45. 

Kingston, origin of its name; sepa- 
rated from plyrnouth, iii. 163. de- 
scription of. 204. soil. 205. 
ponds and rivers ; an indian woman 
at, had seven children in 22 months. 
206. manufactures. 207. set off 
from plyiuouth. 208. incorporat- 
ed ; first meeting-house ; ecclesiasti- 
cal history. 209. meeting-houses ; 
dissentions at about ministerial 
fund ; baptist society. 213. min- 
isterial fund ; houses and inhabi- 
tants. 214. roads and schools. 
215. diseases at ; shipping. 216. 
217.218. salt works; bill of mor- 
tality. 218.219. 

Kingston, new hampshire, sketch of 
its ministers and churches, ix.367. 

Kinnibiki, or kennebeck. viii. 252. 

Kinnym, capt. eleazar. viii. 45. 

Kinsley, martin, vii. 170. 

Kinsman, richard, his orchard for 
making perry in Virginia, ix. 118. 

Kirby, or pittsford marble, remarkably 
fine. ix. 136. 

Kirk, sir david. vi. 498. captain, 
takes fort kebec, or quebec, then a 
great staple for furs, from the 
french, in 1629. vii. P. 52. 

Kirk, , an enemy of massachu- 

setts, drowned at barbadoes. vi. 

Kirk, col. i. (xxviii.) 

Kirk, presbyterian. iv. 13. 

Kirke, thomas, sent to arrest messrs. 
whalley and goffe. under a warrant 
from charles ii. at Connecticut and 
new haven, viii. 68. 

Kirkland, rev. dr. john-t. i. 248. ex- 
tract from sermon on the death 
of caleb gannett, esq. viii. 279. 
on the death of professor peck, 
x. 168. 

Kitaumet. Vii. 176. 

Kitteaskeesett. iv. 267. 

Kittle cove. iii. 76. 

Kneeland, s. printer, of boston, viii. 

Kneeland, rev. abner, universalist 
minister at charleslown. ii. 172. 

Knife river, ii. 35. 41. 

Knife indians. ii. 43. 

Knight, John, sen. viii. 106. 

Knight, John, jun. viii. 106. 

Knight, john. viii. 106. 

Knight, richard. viii. 106. 

Knight^ , of wells, vi. 600. 

Knight, lieut. iv. 218. 

Knight's survey of new bedford. iii. 

Knistenaux indians, their language, 
and warriours. ii. 12. 

Knollis, rev. hanserd, of dover. i. 
168. v. 220. joke about. vi. 
356. forbidden to preach in mas- 
sachusetts, goes to agamenticus, 
comes to boston to answer accusa- 
tions. 357. removed from church 
at dover to make way for mr. 
larkham. 362. quarrels with mr. 
lark ham. 362. guilty of adultery. 

Knowles, rev. j. ordained at water- 
town, v. 276. goes to Virginia, 
vi. 410. returns. 411. vii. 19. 
41. goes to preach to Virginia; is 
forced to return by the governour 
and others there, viii. 29. 30. 

Knowles, . iv. 249. 

Knowlton, thomas viii. 107. 

Knox, general henry, his letter to w. 
tudor. viii. 308. 

Konickey cliff, iii. 146. 

Kotzebue, lieut. iv. 98. 99. 

K«na.*.-ons indians. viii. 246. 

Koy, o. ii. 16. 

Kumas indians. ii. 26. 

Kyaways indians, their residence, 
number and wars. ii. 28. 29. 

Kyngston, felix. viii. 199. 


L, not articulated by indians. iii. 21. 

Labrador, ii. 10. 43. 

Lacady, including nova scotia, sur- 
rendered by treaty of charles i. to 
france. vii. P. 78. And see acadie 
and acady. 

Laconia. v. 216. 

Ladd, , printer, iv. 26. 

Ladd, . iv. 132, 

Ladies of distinction early arrive at 
new england. i. (xxiv.) 

La haver, v. 162. 

La hontan. ii. 2. 7. 8. quoted, x. 
102. 132. 142. 

Lake, captain thomas. viii. 90. 

Lake, williarn. viii. 106. 



Lake huron indians. ii. 3. 

Lake superior, ii. 11. 

Lake of the hills, ii. 11. 

Lake of the two hills, ii. 11. 

Lake of the woods, ii. 12. 

Lake George, iii. 236. 

Lakenham parish, iv. 277. 

Lakenham farm, in carver, iv. 283. 

Lakenham west meadows, iv. 284. 

Lamb, thomas. vii. P. 4. sworn a 
freeman of massachusfetts. P. 29. 
viii. 232. 

Lamb, joshua, purchases the town of 
hard wick of the indians. i. 180. 

Lamb, captain, wounded, ii. 246. 

Lamb and lyon, first settlers of new 
london, new hampshire. viii. 175. 

Lambert, rev. nathaniel. iii. 108. 

Lambert, capt Jonathan, his settle- 
ment of tristan d'acunha. ii. 125. 
his garden. 125. 

Lamberton, , of new haven, 

erects a trading house at delaware. 
vi. 439. in the new haven ship lost 
at sea. viii. 18. 

Lancaster, massachusetts, settled, vi. 

Lancaster, new hampshire, description 
of. iii. 97. bridges, mills, man- 
ufactures, distilleries, quadrupeds. 
100. birds. 101. academy and 
schools, social library, profession- 
al men. 102. courts held at, his- 
tory, charter. 103. church, bap- 
tisms. 104. marriages and deaths, 
baptist society and inhabitants. 

Land, unimproved, price of, in new 
england. v. 230. 

Land pilot hills, iii. 98. 

LandafF, bishop of, (ewer.) ii. 190. 

LandafF, bishop of, (watson) his let- 
ter, i. 250. 

Landing of the fathers, painting of, 
by henry sargent. iii. 225. 230. 
anniversary noted, vii. 133. 

Lane, job. viii. 46 

Lane, daniel. vii. 120. 

Lane, . vii. 123. 

Lang, sarah. x. 177. 

Langdon, josiah. i. 227. 

Langdon, rev. dr. samuel, of ports- 
mouth, new hampshire. iv. 78. 

Langdon, josiah. i. 230. 

Langdon. ephraim. i. 227. 230. 

Langharn, . v. 38. 

Langhorne, , writes the " pub- 

lick friend" against slavery ; manu- 
mits his slaves, viii. 185. 187. 

Langlois, charles-francis, a lrench 
protestant, anecdote of. iii. 194. 

Lanham brook, iv. 55. 

Lapelle river, ii. 42. 

Lapham, thomas. iv. 241. 

La platte river, ii. 29. 

Larance, , arrives at new kent. 

i. 79. 80. 

Larkham, rev. thomas, of dover, new 
hampshire, troubles with mr. knol- 
lis. v. 220. 222. causes trouble at 
pascataqua; put in the place of 
mr. knollis. vi. 362. quarrel with 
mr. knollis; excommunicated by 
mr. knollis; released from excom- 
munication. 362. 363. leaves do- 
ver in order to escape detection of 
adultery. 364. quarrel with mr. 
gibson. 381. 

Larnell, benjamin, viii. 243. 

Lary, Joseph, iii. 119. 

Larvy. See lurvy. 

Lascell, general, viii. 157. 

" Last supper," of da vinci. iii. 229. 

Latham, william, a forefather. vii. 

Latham, mary, condemned to death 
for adultery, vi. 428. 

Latham, seth vii. 140. 

Latham, thomas. vii. 165. 

Latham, charles. vii. 165. 

Latham, robert. vii. 153. 

Latham, arthur. vii. 153. 

Latham, chilton. vii. 150. 153. 

Lathrop, barnabas. viii. 182. 

Lathrop, mark. vii. 149. 150. 155. 

Lathrop, samuel. vii. 149. 

Lathrop, ed ward. vii. 149. 

Lathrop, isaac iv. 87. 

Lathrop, rev. dr. John, his memoir of 
rev. john lothrop. i. 163. his let- 
ter about the death of king philip. 
iv. 63. 131. quoted, x. 175. 

Lathrop, mrs. iv. 131. 

Lathrop, seth. vii. 147. 

Lathrop, derivation of the name. i. 

Lathrop, or laythorpe. vii. 151. 

Lathrope, b. h. i. 177. 

Latimer, bishop, ii. 104. 

La tour. iv. 158. attacks plymouth 
trading house at machias. v. 163. 
sends a commissioner to boston 
about acady. vi. 478. at war 
with d'aulney. 478. arrives at 



boston. 479. commission as ad- 
miral of france; complains of the 
injurious practices of d'aulney; ex- 
ercises soldiers on training day at 
boston ; returns home. 4tt2. goes 
to governour endicott at salem ; 
claims nova scotia under title 
from sir william alexander. 483. 
returns home. 484. fort captured 
during his absence by d'aulney. 
497. 498. goes to newfound land, 
to england ; returns to cape sables ; 
conspires with frenchmen on board 
his vessel, to put the english on 
shore; sufferings of the english thus 
put on shore. 498. 

La tonr, mrs. commences an action 
against captain bailey. vi. 489. 
fights bravely against d'aulney. 
493. captured by d'aulney, and 
dies of grief. 498. 

Laud, archbishop. i. 167. made 
chancellor of oxford. vii. P. 16. 
silences the rev. thomas shepherd ; 
his singular interview with mr. 
shepherd. P. 46. 47. prosecutes 
professor gellibrand and his servant, 
w. heal, for publishing an alma- 
nack ; orders a book to be publish- 
ed, in which the martyrs are styled 
traitors, rebels, <&c. P. 50. con- 
secrates st. Catherine creed 
church, in london, and st. giles' 
church in the fields, with great pa- 
rade and numerous forms, which 
papists had used before. P. 50. 51. 
consecrates a chapel at hammer- 
smith, with the same popish cere- 
monies as the foregoing. P. 52. 
introduces altars, etc. at the uni- 
versity of oxford, of which he was 
chancellor, and into churches. P. 
52. 53. angry because the conse- 
cration of churches and wakes are 
forbidden. P. 77. 78. the princi- 
pal man in the ministry of charles i. ; 
punishes n. bernard for preaching 
against altars, bowings, etc. P. 79. 
consecrates lord treasurer weston's 
chapel, and marries his daughter to 
the duke of lenox. P. 79. 80. ob- 
tains for mr. francis windebank, a 
furious papist, the place of secretary 
of state to charles i. P. 80. his 
pursuivants oblige rev. j. cotton, of 
boston, england, to hide. P. 80. 
his persecuting spirit. P. 83. 
VOL. X. 40 

Laurel hill. ii. 223. 

Laurie, captain, in the expedition 
against concord, ii 22 r >. 226. 

Law, capt. engineer, ii. 247. 

Law of massachusetts, prohibiting any 
to entertain strangers without li- 
cense from two magistrates, vi. 

Lawrence, , governour of nova 

scotia. viii. 282. 

Lawrence, rev. micah, of Winchester, 
new hampshire. iv. 78 ix 367. 

Lawrence, rev. nathaniel, his account 
of tyngsborough. iv. 192. ordained 
at tyngsborough. 197. 

Laws, capital, established in massa- 
chusetts. iv. 112. of massachu- 
setts, first printed. vi. 544. viii. 
10. code of, among eatly settlers 
of rhode island. vii. 78. by 
whom made in massachusetts colo- 
ny. P. 3. 

Lawson, rev. deodat, of, scituate. iv. 
235. notice of. 236. 

Lawson, rogerj impeached for trading 
with an enemy, claims habeas cor- 
pus in massachusetts. viii. 240. 

Lay, benjamin, r. vaux's life of, re- 
ferred to. viii. 133. attempts to 
abolish slavery among the friends. 

Laythorpe. See lothrop 
Laythrop. See lothrop. 
Lazell, thomas, an early planter of 

halifax, massachusetts. iv. 285. 
Lazell, isaac. vii. 148. 165. 
Lazell, ebenezer. vii 170. 

Lazell, . vii. 155. 

Leach, caleb, an ingenious mechanick. 

iii. 170. 
Leach, samuel. vii. 149. 157. 
Leach, giles. vii. 149. 155. 
Leach lake. ii. 11. 
Lear, mrs. x. 176. 
Leather mitten ordination of rev. israel 

chauncy, at Stratford, Connecticut. 

ii. 132. 
Leather jacket ordination, is it valid ? 

iv. 298. 
Leathers, ezekiel. x. 177. 
Leathers, abednego. x. 177. 

Leaver, . ix. 45. 

Leavitt, capt. dies at sea. v. 146. 

Leavitt, anna, x 178. 

Le baron, dr. francis. iii. 190. iv. 




Le baron, rev. lemuel, of rochester. 
iv. 263. x. 32. 

Lechford, quoted, x. 171. 

Lechmere's point, ii. 171. 

Le clerk, i. 244. 

Lecture at boston, where all the min- 
isters were usually present, v. 

Lectures on midwifery, i. 117. med- 
ical. 118. on natural history. 118. 
anatomical, by dr. ingalls. 126. 
clinical. 126. weekly, at boston, 
vii. 12. 

Leder, . iv. 120. 

Le dran. i. 108. 

Lee, robert. iii. 184. iv. 93. 

Lee, John. viii. 107. 

Lee, samuel. vii. 188. 

Lee, richard-henry, his letter to samuel 
adams. i. 186. 

Lee, henry, iii. 253. his memoirs 
quoted. 244. 

Lee, vvilliam, esq. x. 192. 

Leech pond. iii. 181. 

Leechman, professor, of glasgow uni- 
versity, viii. 176. 

Leet, william, governour of new haven 
colony, vi. 311.319. 331. 

Leg, capt. ii. 123. 

Le gard, fortune, v. 160. 

Legg, samuel.. x. 26. 

Legge, col. iv. 92. 

Legislature of massachusetts first di- 
vided into two bodies, and in case of 
a different result in the two branch- 
es, to be determined by a convention 
of both. vi. 391. 

Leigh, quoted, vii. P. 53. 

Leighton, dr. punished (or publishing 
" a plea against prelacy." vii. P. 

Leipsic, battle of, between gustavus 
of sweden, and count tilly. vii. P. 
55. account of the new literary 
productions of its fair in 1792. viii. 

Lemes indians. ix. 54. 

Lenape. See delaware indian lan- 

Lenni lenape, or delaware indian lan- 
guage, ix. 239. 

Lenox, duke of, patentee of new 
england. v. 217. marries lord 
treasurer weston's daughter, vii. 
P. 80. 

Lenten, . vii. 22. 

Lenthall, rev. , called before 

the general court for his opinions, 
which he retracts. v. 275. vi. 

Leonard, leonardson, or lennerson. 
See leonard. • vii. 151. 

Leonard, solomon. vii. 149. 155. 

Leonard, samuel. vii. 149. 

Leonard, John. vii. 149. 

Leonard, isaac. vii. 149. 

Leonard, rev. nathaniel, ofplymouth. 
iii. 199. iv. 94. 

Leonard, george. vii. 164. 

Leonard, Jonathan, vii. 170. 

Leonard, david. vii. 170. 

Leonard, zenas-1. vii. 170. 

Leonard, levi-w. vii 170. 

Leonard's furnace, iv. 289. 

Leonard's tavern, vii. 117. 

Leonardson, solomon. vii. 138. 147. 
! Lesley, mathey, assistant to quarter 

master general, viii. 156. 
J Lester, ensign, iv. 218. 
! Lettres edifiantes et curieuses ecrits 
des missions etrangeres, quoted, viii. 
I Lettsom's method of preserving vege- 
tables, i. 23. 

Leverett, thomas, elder, of boston, v. 
188. 190. iii. 285. vii. 136. 

Leverett, John. iii. 285. governour. 
167. commissioner to new york. 
vi. 547. 593. 595. 600. major gen- 
eral ; deputy governour of massachu- 
setts. 610. though a junior of 
the magistrates, appointed deputy 
governour and afterwards gover- 
nour, in which office he is continued 
till his death ; his character. 611. 
order of march and pageantry at 
his funeral, viii. 44. major gene- 
ral of massachusetts. 88. 91. 101. 
x. 24. 25. commissioner. 59. 

Leverett, John, president of harvard 
college, iv. 64. 93. 142. 

Leveridge, rev. william, sent out to 
pascataqua. v. 221. vi. 603. in- 
structs indians at sandwich, viii. 

Levett, rev. r. his questions of con- 
science to rev. mr. cotton, x. 182. 

Leviston, rev. , of ireland. v. 

154. his letter. 154. 155 

Lewesden hill, quoted, iii. 195. 

Lewis, george. iv. 233. 239. 248. 

Lewis, john. iv. 239. 

Lewis, thomas. iv. 187. 

Lewis, ezekiel. x. 27 



of pembroke. 

-, the traveller, ii. 23. 

Lewis, rev. 


x. 131. 

Lewis, . i. 108. 

Lexington, battle of. ii. 226. loss of 
british at. 226. 227. iii. 235. iv. 
215. 217. 

Lexington, kentucky, settlement 
there, vii. 65. 

Ley. lord, comes to new england and 
returns, v. 262. 

Liberty, religious, in new , york. i. 

Liberty of conscience allowed in west 
indies and somer islands ; debates 
about at boston. 534. 

Lick creek, ii. 15. 

Lidgett, charles. viii. 44. 

Ligonia, or plough patent, purchased 
by mr. rigby. vi. 368. contro- 
versy about. 369. patent of, con- 
firmed to rigby. 510. 

Lincoln, earl of. i. (xxiv.) makes 
t. dudley his steward, &c. vii. P. 
13. 15. makes s. bradstreet his 
steward. P. 15. 

Lincoln, countess of. v. 47. depu- 
ty governour dudley's letter to, 
about massachusetts colony, and 
the persons proper to come to it. 
vii. P. 24. 

Lincoln, general benjamin, remarks 
on the cultivation of the oak. i. 187. 
(xxxi.) colonel of militia, mem- 
ber of provincial congress, secreta- 
ry of provincial congress, iii. 234. 
one of the committee of corres- 
pondence. 234. brigadier, major 
general, commander of all troops in 
and near boston and of forces 
destined for new york ; arrives at 
Washington's camp; known and re- 
spected by Washington ; created a 
major general by congress. 235. 
his aid, baggage and papers fall into 
the enemy's hands at bound brook ; 
loses 60 men, killed and wounded ; 
joins the northern army. 236. 
wounded. 237. rendered impor- 
tant services towards the capture 
of burgoyne. 238. arrives at 
Charleston, south Carolina. 238. 
attacks the enemy and is repulsed. 
239. 240. returns to the north on 
account of ill health. 240. at- 

tacks savannah, and is repulsed. 
241. 242. is captured at Charles- 
ton, south Carolina. 244. at the 
siege of yorktown ; secretary at 
war. 245. returns to his firm at 
hingham. 246. quells shay's re- 
bellion. 247. lieutenant gover- 
nour of massachusetts. 249. ap- 
pointed collector of the port of bos- 
ton. 249. writings. 250. death. 
250. character. 251. 255. mills, 
vii. 117. x. 79. 

Lincoln,— . vii. 123. 

Lindell, james. vii. 138. 

Line, thomas, opinion of massachu- 
setts court to maiden church, about 
to censure him for evidence given 
in the case of rev. marmaduke 
mathews. viii. 325. 326. 

Lines, justice, ii. 103. 

Linnett, robert. iv. 222. 239. 240. 

Lypothymy. vi. 644. 

Litchfield, new hampshire, its 
churches and ministers, x. 56. 

Litchfield, experience, iv. 241. 

Literary works produced in germany, 
in 1792, with the authors living, 
viii. 274. 

Little, thomas. iii. 184. 

Little, isaac. iv. 293. 

Little, rev. ephraim, of plymouth. iii. 

Little, thomas. iv. 87. 

Little, dr. charles. iv. 87. 

Little, isaac. vii. 165. 

Little, charles. iii. 209. 

Little, . iii. 180. 

Little boar's head. iv. 190. 

Little brook iii. 181. 

Little Cambridge, now brighton. iv. 

Little comfort, abington, so called, 
vii. 114. 

Little compton. x. 66. 

Little harbour, landing there of mr. 
thompson and the hiltons. v. 214. 

Little herring pond, remarkably cold, 
iii. 181. 

Little long pond. iv. 253. 

Little meadow, viii. 154. 

Little osage indians. ii. 31. 

Little puckaway. ii. 10. 

Little river,, in haverhill. iv. 121. 

Little river, in northampton, new 
hampshire. iv. 190. 

Little shakalin. ii. 10. 



Little wading, iii. 163. 

Littlefield, lieut. John, of wells, vi. 

Littlefield, ensign francis, of wells, 
vi. 600. 

Littler, lieut. viii. 156. 

Littleton, account of detection of 
witchcraft at. x. 7. 

Livermore, nathaniel. iii. 279. 

Livermore, samuel. iii. 269. 

Livermore, isaac. iii. 269. 

Livermore, wiliiam. iii. 269. 

Livermore, rev Jonathan, of wilton, 
new hampshire. iv. 78. viii. 

Livermore, hon arthur. iii. 116. 

Livingston, wiliiam, his letter to dr. a. 
eliot. ii. 190. 

Livingston, coi. ii. 241. fails in his 
attack on quebec. 243. 

Livingston, thomas. x. 180. 

Lizard frigate, ii. 237. 

Lloyd, dr. james. i. 110. 

Lobdell, isaac, an early planter at 
plympton. iv. 285. 

Lock, lieut. viii. 156. 

Lockwood, capt. vi. 648, 

Lockwood, . vii. P. 60. 

Locusts at plymouth, how often they 
appear, iii. 196. very numerous 
there. v. 194. and destructive 
there and in massachusetts ; said to 
precede sickness, vii. P. 92. 

Logan, james, founds a library at Phil- 
adelphia, ii. 269. 

Logan, wiliiam. ii. 269. 

Loganian library at Philadelphia, ac- 
count of. ii. 269. 

Lombard, bernard. iv. 239. 

Lombard, . iv. 260. 

London, bishop of. i. 154. v. 151. 
pestilence at. 95. 

Londonderry, new hampshire, longe- 
vity in. x. 181. 

Lone rock. iii. 77. 

Long island. i. 141. settled by 
presbyterians and calvinists. 141. 
or mattanwake, assigned to the 
earl of Stirling, v. 89. 171. 245. 
visited by ma-sachusetts people. 
17.1. peopled from Connecticut. 
171. vi. 668. and by the dutch. 
668. within the duke of york's 
patent of new york. v. 171. lynn 
people remove to, and have difficul- 
ties with the dutch. 245. its in- 
dians hostile to english. vi. 449. 

its produce,.fish, and animals. 671. 
672. planted, vii. 22. 

Long island channel, v. 18. 

Long island, boston harbour, vii. P. , 

Long point, x. 35. 

Long pond. x. 35. 72. 

Long, joshua. ii. 177. 

Long's travels, quoted, x. 144. 

Longevity, iii. 71. in new hamp- 
shire, instances of. x. 176. 

Long pond. iii. 181. 

Look, . iii. 66. 

Lord, robert. iv. 170. viii. 107. 

Lord, robert, jun. viii. 107. 

Lord, samuel. viii. 107. 

Lord, rev. Joseph, ii. 178. 

Lord, rev. nathan, of amherst, new 
hampshire. viii. 176. 

Lord's supper, a learned quarto pub- 
lished in england against kneeling 
at. vii. P. 51. 52. 

Loring^ thomas, an early planter at 
plympton. iv. 285. 

Loring, rev. israel, of sudbury. iv. 
58. 59. 

Loring, John. iv. 60. 

Loring, Jonathan, iv. 60. 

Loring, , his inn. iv. 270. 

Loskiel, , cited, ii. 2. 13. 

Loskiel's history of the missions of 
the united brethren, x. 128. 

Lothropp, rev. John, of scituate and 
barnstable, notice of; different ways 
of spelling the name ; meaning of 
the name. i. 163. 178. letter 
from to governour prinoe. 170. 
ditto. 173. arrives, iii. 143. iv. 
221. 222. 232. 233. 239. 303. vi. 
663. See lathrop. 

Lothropp, thomas. i. 176. 177. 

Lothropp, samuel. i. 176. 177. 

Lothropp, Joseph, i. 176. 178. iv. 

Lothropp, benjamin, i. 176. 177. 

Lothropp, barnabas. i. 176. 177. iv. 
259. his cloak. 303.304. 

Lothropp, john. i. 176. 177. 

Lothropp, John, jun. iv. 304. 

Lothrop, dr. nathaniel. iv. 63. 90. 95. 

Lothrop, col. iii. 180. iv. 272. 

Lothrop, isaac. notice of. i. 258. 259. 
iii. 177. iv. 63. 

Lothrope, lieut. vii. 55. 

Loups indians. ii. 33. 

Louisbourg, expedition against, iii. 



Louisiana, ii. 27. 

Loveijat, father. viii. 247. letter 

to the governour of massachusetts. 

Lovejoy, hannah. x. 177. 
Lovell, thomas. viii. 107. 
Lovell, james, of weymouth. vii. 122. 

Lovell, John, master of boston latin 

school, i. 230. viii. 286. 
Lovell, james. i. 230. 
Lovelace, francis, governour of new 

york, incorporates edgartown and 

tisbury. iii. 34. 85. vi. 611. 667. 
Lovett, Christopher, comes to new 

england with robert gorges, v. 86. 
Love well. ! , the oldest person 

who has died in new hampshire. x. 

Lovewell, col. zaccheus. x. 181. 
Low, john, captain of the ambrose. v. 

Low, thomas. viii. 107. 
Lowell, robert. viii. 229. 
Lowell, john. i.249. 
Lowell, john. x. 192. 
Lowell, rev. charles, of boston, ii. 273. 

x. 191. 
Lower ferry at scituate. iv. 224. 
Lowis, , agent of d'aulney to 

boston, vi. 495. 
Lowle, richard. viii. 106. 
Lowle, percival. viii. 106. 
Low plain island, viii. 174. 
Low T ry, capt. iv. 216. 
Loyard, father, viii. 248. 
Loyola, ignatius, pun upon his name. 

iv. 103. 
Lucas, james. iii. 119. 
Lucas, samuel. iii. 189. 

Lucas, . iv. 277. 

Lucas's brook, iv. 280. 

Luce, . iii. 66. 

Luce, elijah. iii. 17. 

Luce, . iv. 261. 

Ludham, , his ferry at great, or 

north river, in pemferoke. vii. P. 71. 
Ludlow, roger, deputy governour of 

massachusetts. iii. 139. v. 156. 

vi. 308. 446. vii. P. 1.3. 6. as- 
sistant, v. 131. vii. P. 5. 14. 20. 

21. 23. 25. 27. 30. 31 34. 35. 58. 

60. 61. 63. 65. 66. 68. 72. 85. 86. 

91—93. arrives, v. 133. settles 

st dorchester. 135. a founder of 

that town. vii. P. 14 left out of 

the assistants, v. 165. notice of. 

vii. P. 14. of plymouth, england. 
P. 41. complained of by sir 
r. saltonstall. viii. 42. his letter 
to w. pincheon, principally about 
danger from indians. viii. 235. 

Ludlow, george. vii. P. 4. 

Ludowick, dr. i. 107. 

Ludwell, i. 73. 

Lumbert, . iii. 66. 

Humbert's cove. iii. 45. 47. 49. 53. 56. 
57. 74. 

Lunenburg, its garrison attacked by 
indians. i. 184. topographical and 
historical description of. i. Ibl. iii. 

Lurvey, or lat vey, corporal james, an- 
ecdote of. iv. 51. 52 

Lusher, eleazer. iv. 24. captain, vii. 
54. major, viii. 8H. 

Lutherans in new york. i. 149. 

Luz, a pequot Indian, viii. 146. 

Lyford, rev. , arrives, v. 91. 

his character. 92. 94. dismissed 
plymouth colony. 92. settles at 
nantasket. 93. settled at cape ann ; 
goes to Virginia. 107. 116. 

Lyman, goodman. viii. 232. 

Lyman, theodore, esq. iii. 266. his 
farm, 272. 

Lyman, geotge-w. iii. 269. 

Lyman, theodore. iii. 269. 

Lynde, simon. viii. 44. 105. 

Lynde, nicholas. ii. 178. 

Lynde, Joseph, ii. 178. 

Lyndeborough, new hampshire, min- 
isters and churches, viii. 177. 

Lynn. i. (ix.) church, being the 6th. 
gathered ; description of. ii. 93. 
94. iv. 1. iii. 124. 203. settled, 
v. 158. vii. P. 68. indians at. v. 
32. difficulties in chinch. 191. 
193. some of its people remove 
to long island, and have difficulties 
with the dutch. 244. 245. iron 
factory early at, where, instead of 
iron bars, are hammered out law 
suits, vi. 374. 

Lyon, the ship. v. 130. providen- 
tial arrival with provisions. 139. 
w. pierce, captain. vii. P. 18. 
arrives at salem. P. 10. capt. 
pierce arrives with j. winthrop, jun. 
rev. j. eliot, and others; bringing 
a store of hogs, kids, venison, poul- 
try, geese, and partridges. P. 
37. goes to Virginia and england. 



P 38. . arrives with passengers. P. 

67. sails. P. 71. 
Lyon, william, his note on ezekiel 

cheever. vii. 129. 
Lyon, , and lamh , first 

settlers of new london, new hamp- 

shire. viii. 175. 
Lyon brook, viii. 173. 
Lytherland, william. iv. 203. 



ii. 103. 

Maccarty, rev. thaddeus, of kingston, 
massachusetts. iii. 209. troubles 
during his ministry. 209.210. his 
farewell sermon ; settled at Worces- 
ter. 210 211. 

Macclure, rev. dr. david, of north- 
ampton, new hampshire. iv. 191. 

Machapaugoneck. iv. 267. 

Machias, a trading place of plymouth 
people, v. 163. 

Machin, thomas, his estimate of the 
cost of cape cod canal, viii. 193. 

Macintire, , first settler of plain- 
field, viii. 172. 

Mackerel hill, in waltham. iii. 268. 

Mackerel fishery, at scituate. iv. 230. 
at plymouth. iv. 232. 

Macklin, robert. x. 176. 

Mac-sparran, rev. dr. episcopal mis- 
sionary at narraganset. ii. 200. 

Macy, thomas, first english settler at 
nantucket. iii. 36. 

Maddox. rev. dr. ii. 212. 

Madeira wine very early imported in- 
to massachusetts. viii. 12. 

Madoc, story of; adventures under ; 
sails from wales with a colony ; de- 
scendants of his colony. ii. 36. 

Magee, capt. james, shipwrecked in 
plymouth harbour, his narrow es- 
cape, iii. 195. 

Magistrate, can he be an elder ? vii. 
64. a heavy fine imposed on him, 
who should refuse the office in ply- 
mouth colony. P. 75. 

Magistrates, first choice of, by tree- 
men of massachusetts. iii. 128. 
vii. P. 75. debates about their 
power in ecclesiastical matters, vi. 
532. 536. 

Magna charta, quoted very early, as 
containing the rights of new eng- 
land people, vi. 513. 

Magnalia americana, by dr. cotton 
mather. i. (xxx.) 205. quoted, vi. 
541. vii. 132. 

Magnanimity, female, instances of. i. 
(xxiv ) 

Magoon, john. iv. 241. 

Magus, John, indian. i. 180. 

Magus hill. i. 180. 

Mahas indians, residence, language, 
warriours, account of their king, 
who is worshipped since his decease, 
ii. 33. villages, ii. 41. 

Mahiccon, or mohegan indians. ii. 6. 

Mahtopanats indians, their residence 
and numbers, ii. 42. 

Maine, province of, first planted, v. 
213. confirmed to sir f. gorges. 
232. attempts to plant by ply- 
mouth men. 224. sometimes call- 
ed new Somersetshire ; government 
of, transferred by sir f. gorges to 
massachusetts. 261. called york- 
shire ; two pretended rights to the 
government of, one under sir f. 
gorges, and one under massachu- 
setts. vi. 584. returns to the go- 
vernment of massachusetts ; the 
cause and manner of their return. 
593. 600. 

Maitland, col. iii. 239. 241. enters 
savannah. 241. 

Major's purchase, in pembroke. vii. 
141. 142 173. 

Malaga, vi. 526. 

Maiden bridge, ii. 167. 171. 

Maiden church, fined for settling a 
minister, without the advice of 
neighbouring churches, and advice 
of magistrates, acknowledges its 
errour. vi. 550. 29th church 
planted at. viii. 15. about to 
censure mr t. line, for giving evi- 
dence in the case of marmaduke 
mathews, the opinion of massachu- 
setts court sent to it 325. 

Malinson, , a fencing master, 

and stiff independent, ii. 105. 

Maloon, nathaniel. x. 76. 

Malthus, s. printer, ii. 97. 

Malthus, thomas. ii. 98. 

Manamooskeagin, now abington. vii. 

Manatos, or rr.anhadoes, now new 
york. v. 15. See manhattoeg. 



Manawet, an american indian, sent 
with capt. hobson and others on 
discovery to new england. ix. 5. 

Manchester, Vermont, iii. 236. 

Manchester, earl of. v. 153. ix. 185. 

Mandane villages, ii. 23. 41. 

Mandans indians, residence, number 
and warriours. ii. 35. 

Maneday, an american indian, sent 
with capt. h. challons on discovery 
to new england. ix. 3. 

Maneikshan. iii. 175. 

Manhatan's island, vi. 669. 

Manhattoes, troops raised by massa- 
chusetts for its capture, but it sur- 
renders on terms. viii. 94. or 
manatos, or manhadoes. v. 15. 

Manitoo, manitoowock, indian words 
expressive of deity, ii. 112. 

Manitoo asseinah. iii. 201. 

Manitbpa indians, their residence, 
number and warriours. ii. 42. 

Mann, dr. h. iii. 195. 

Mann, dr. iv. 303. 

Mann, . iv. 179. 

Manning, thomas. i. 122. 

Manning, dr. Joseph, viii. 165. 

Manning, sarah. viii. 165. 

Manomet. iii. 168. • 

Manomet point, iii. 164. 196. 

Manomet ponds, iii. 200. iv. 89. 92. 

Manomet bay. iv. 289. 291. 

Manomet river, iv. 291. 

Manor of fordham. i. 144. 

Manowet. v. 39. See manawet. 

Mansell, sir robert, a patentee of new 
england. v. 217. viii. 208. 

Mansfield, sir John. vii. P. 42. 

Mansker, gasper, vii. 63. 

Manter, . iii. 66. 

Manufactures early in massachusetts. 
v. 374. 

Manure, indians use fish for, and ply- 
mouth people learn of them. ix. 

Manuscript copy of hubbard's history, 
state of. v. (vi.) preserved in 
library of massachusetts historical 
society, (vii.) 

Maple sugar early made in new eng- 
land. viii. 252. 

Maquas, or mawhawks. ix. 236. 
And see mohawks. 

Maques, or mohawk indians. viii. 
238. 239. See mohawks. 

Maramoick. ix. 53. 

Marble manufactory at middlebury, 
Vermont, ix. 129. 

Marble, fine and in abundance at mid- 
dlebury, Vermont, ix. 135. kirby, 
or pitsford, as fine as paiian. ix. 

Marble harbour, vii. P. 34. its tax. 
P. 57. 60. first called marblehead. 
P. 93. 

Marblehead, or marble harbour, vii. 
P. 93. indians at. v. 32. 

March, the first month, vii. 136. 

March, hugh. viii. 106. 

Mares, intended for massachusetts, 
mostly die at sea. vii. P 9. brought 
to massachusetts. P. 61. 

Marie, monsieur, comes to boston as 
agent of d'aulney. 486. concludes 
an agreement of peace with massa- 
chusetts. 488. sent agent to bos- 
ton by d'aulney. 495. 497. 

Marine hospital at charlestown. i. 
125. ii. 174. 

Marine, , a dutch captain, kills 

indians. vi. 441. 

Mariners on board the first vessel to 
new england become religious, ii. 

Maritime law, question relatino- to. 
iv. 102. 

Mark, its value ; used as a denomina- 
tion of money in mass. vii. P. 34. 

Mark, a negro servant of john cod man 
of charlestown, executed for poi- 
soning his master ; hung in chains, 
ii. 166. 

Marlborough, one half of, destroyed 
by indians. vi. 592. 

Marrett, rev. John, of burlington. iv. 

Marriages, laws relating to, in new 
york. i. 152. 

Marriat, rev. obadiah ii. 116. 

Marrion, Joseph, i. 106. 

Mars, ship. iv. 285. 

Marsh, paul. iii. 119. 

Marsh, . iii. 111. 

Marsh, rev. dr. John, tutor, i. 231. 
iv. 169. 

Marshall, thomas. iv. 110. x. 24. 

Marshall, capt. ii. 116. 

Marshall, capt. william. x. 180. 

Marshfield. iv. 71. in plymouth 
colony, its settlement begun, vii. 
P. 75. x. 60. 

Marston, mrs. her confessions, iii. 



Marten, master, ix. 44. 

Martin, mary, murders her bastard 
child ; is condemned and executed, 
vi. 529. 530. 

Martin, , a hunter, iii. 99. 

Martin's vineyard. See martha's 

Martins meadow hills, iii. 98. 

Martin's meadow ponds, iii. 99. 

Marvail, visited by dunton. ii. 119. 

Mary, princess, daughter of charles i. 
and mother of william iii. born, 
vii. P. 54. 

Mary rose blown up in charles river, 
and many persons killed, viii. 23. 

Mary and John, ship. v. 131. arrives 
at nantasket. P. 10. or mary and 
jane, arrives with passengers ; is 
cast away. P. 88. 

Marysville. iv. 68. 

Maryland, granted by charles i. to 
csBcilius, lord baltimore, a papist, 
and so named after his consort, a 
papist ; bounds extend to new 
england, and privileges are greater, 
vii. P. 80. 

Martha's vineyard. iii. 34. 38. 
harbour much frequented. 39. 
schools at. 46. ponds, rivers, 
springs, meadows, &c. 47. cli- 
mate. 48. soil. 49. produce. 
50 — 53. roads and houses. 53. 
animals. 53. 54. 59. birds and 
insects. 54. fishes. 55 — 57. 
shellfish. 58. cattle. 59. sheep; 
wool. 60. manufactures ; cha- 
racter of inhabitants ; their reli- 
gion. 61.62. party spirit; houses, 
families and religious denomina- 
tions. 62. 63. emigrations from ; 
diseases. 63. names of first set- 
tlers. 66 name of, changed. 80. 
sometimes called martin's vine- 
yard ; origin of name. 80. 88. 
injured by the revolutionary war. 
89. condition of, in different 
times. 89. indian names. 89. 
annexed to massachusetts. 82. 
granted to duke of york; pur- 
chased of earl of Stirling ; inde- 
pendent in croveinment. 85. vis- 
ited by gosnold. v. 10. indian 
name. 68. progress of Christiani- 
ty among indians at. vi. 654. 

Martha's vineyard, indians at, 
mayhew's success among. iii. 
67. mode of catching fish. 81. 

progress of civilization among. !"3. 
acknowledge themselves subjects 
of england. 84. acknowledge mr. 
mayhew as governour, and swear 
to further the gospel ; number of. 
86. answer to captain carson. 
86. fidelity to the english. 87. 
formerly lived ch'n fly by hunting 
and fishing. 90. wasted away af- 
ter the arrival of the english, by 
pestilence (yellow fever.) 91. de- 
scription of. 91 — 94. converted 
to Christianity ; table of decrease 
of numbers. 92. present situation. 

Masconomo, sagamore of the country 
toward cape ann, welcomes the 
english. v. 130. received under 
jurisdiction of massachusetts. vi. 
407. ' 

Masham, william. vi. 349. 

Mashena island, x. 48. 

Mashne island, iv 289. 

Mashpee, schools. ii. 47. descrip- 
tion of. iii. 1. its productions 
and soil. 2. 3. quantity of in- 
dian corn per acre, produced at. 
2. indians, manner of supporting; 
• under guardians ; few of pure race ; 
number and houses. 4. 14. . em- 
ployed in fishing and tilling the 
ground. 5. schools. 5. 9. are 
dirty, immoral, intemperate, cun- 
ning and false. 5. 6. religion; 
meeting-house. 6. ministers. 7. 
9. superstitions ; fables. 7. po- 
verty ; privileges. 9. law relat-. 
ing to its indians, passed in 1763. 
9. repealed. 10. not to be trusted 
with power; overseers of; guar- 
dians of. 10. state of in 1767. 13. 

Mashpee river, iii. 1.2. 

Mashpee pond. iii. 1. 

Maske, a bear, or the pole star among 
indians. ix 98. 

Mason, capt. John. v. 40. ob- 
tains a grant of naumkeag, and of 
land between naumkeag and pas- 
cataqua. 89. names cape ann. 
105. 145. 151. 153. 215. 224. 
death. 226. separates his inter- 
est from that of sir f. gorges. 224. 
agreement with new england pa- 
tentees about his territory. 231. 
heirs complain to his majesty 
against massachusetts. vi. 612. 
account of grants made to ; copy 



of grant to, from council of ply- 
mouth. 614. accuses massachu- 
setts to the privy council, but is 
foiled, vii. P. 85. 88. 89. aims 
at the general government of new 
england. P. 88. governour of a 
plantation at newfoundland. ix. 7. 
Mason, major John, of Connecticut, 
his brief history of the pequot war, 
with an introduction and notes, by 
rev. thomas prince, viii. 120. 153. 
bred to arms in the netherlands. 

121. a relation of capt. John 
mason, who claimed pascataqua; 
settled at Windsor, Connecticut ; 
and the commander of Connecticut 
troops in the pequot war. 121. 

122. major general of the colony ; 
served under sir thomas fairfax, 
and was esteemed by him ; depu- 
ty governour of Connecticut. 124. 
named deputy governour in the 
charter of charles ii. uniting new 
haven with Connecticut. 124. 
125. sent to relieve sav brook fort, 
besieged by pequots. 131. again 
marches against the pequots. 131. 
and again. 133. attacks and burns 
pequot fort. 139. captures many 
pequots. 147. 148. 229. 232. his 
victory over the pequots. x. 59. 

Mason, henry, iv. 241. 

Mason, mrs. ann, executrix of capt 
John mason, sends over Joseph ma- 
son to look after her interests, v. 

Mason, Joseph, sent to new england, 
by mrs. ann mason, executrix of 
capt. john mason, v. 225. 

Mason, elias. viii. 106. 

Mason, john. viii. 125. 

Mason, samuel. viii. 125. 

Mason, daniel. viii. 125. 

Mason, robert, grandson of capt. john 
mason, vi. 614. 

Mason, , of boston, an honest 

christian, ii. 104. 

Mason, capt. john, of new london, 
Connecticut, viii. 125. 

Mason, hon. Jonathan, ii. 46. 

Mason, abigail. x. 178. 

Mason, john-a. ii. 178. 

Mason, hon. Jonathan, jun. iii. 10. 

Mason, hon. jeremiah. x. 192. 

Mason, rev. daniel, baptist minister at 
freeport, maine. iv. 183. 
VOL. X. 41 

Mason hall, at pascataqua. v. 214. 

Mason, isle of. vi. 615. 

Masquinnipash pond, now merry's 
pond. iv. 259. 

Massachusetts colony, i. (iv. viii.) 
money coined in. i. (xi.) some of its 
clergy defend inoculation for small- 
pox. 106. first company arrive, 
July 12, (according to prince, June,) 

1630, and land near noddle's 
island, ii. 86. dr. wilson's dona- 
tion to, for military stores. 59. 
their grief at the death of isaac 
Johnson. 87. begin to build bos- 
ton, gather a church at charles- 
town, and appoint rev. john wilson, 
minister. 88. churches flourish. 

89. third church at dorchester. 

90. fourth church at boston in 

1631. 91. fifth church at rox- 
bury. 92. sixth church at lynn. 

93. seventh church at watertown. 

94. obliged by- law to support an 
orthodox ministry. 202. only 
one episcopal church in, in 1692, 
only three in 1727 ; pass a law re- 
specting the taxation of episcopa- 
lians, anabaptists and quakers. 
203. 204. letter of its general court 
to rev. John owen, requesting 
him to be minister of boston. 265. 
early passes a law establishing a 
mint. 274. people begin agricul- 
ture, iii. 129. 132. slaves in, in 
1754, 1755. 95. brought in 
debt £5000 by expedition to Ca- 
nada ; issues bills to pay this debt. 
260. sends troops against pequods. 
iv. 44. 45. takes the pequod fort. 
47. 48. defeats the pequods. 49. 
capital laws ; proceedings of gene- 
ral court against the inhabitants of 
hingham. 112. sends soldiers to 
casco bay to prevent the usurpa- 
tion of andros. 160. general 
court grant £50 to rev. mr. hub- 
bard for his history, v. (iii.) go- 
vernment of, by patent; tenure of 
lands by patent in free and com- 
mon socage ; patent brought over. 
114. vii. P. 3. reasons of settle- 
ment ; first covenant of fellowship, 
v. 116. manner of distributing land 
among first settlers. 123. go- 
vernment transferred from london 
to massachusetts. 124. court 



held on board the arbella at South- 
ampton, england ; desirous of 
avoiding all suspicion of being un- 
friendly to the church of england. 
124. regrets at leaving their 
friends in england ; parting address 
to the church of england. 125. 
fleet set sail from england. 129. 
and all arrive. 132. afflicted by 
a fatal disease. 132. patentees 
of, arrive. 133. suffer by fire, 
scurvy and want of provisions, ii. 
87. v. 139. 140. vii. P. 19. 20. 
disturbed by the claim of sir f. 
gorges, v. 141. governour and as- 
sistants claim to be considered in 
the light of a parliament. 144. 
vii. P. 57. complained of by sir 
c. gardiner and others, as about to 
throw off their allegiance, v. 145. 
first court held at charlestown. 
146. accusation against, before the 
king and council ; measures for 
preventing the indians from arm- 
ing ; apprehensions lest their liber- 
ties should be invaded. 147. first 
general court of election in 1631 ; 
admit to freedom none but church 
members ; few ships arrive at, in 
1631. 148. advertise a reward for 
sir c. gardiner; forbid the indians 
to kill him. 149. summoned by 
the king in council to answer to 
the complaints of sir c. gardiner 
and others. 151. ships coming to, 
stopped by order of privy council. 
153. 154. acquitted with honour 
from the charges brought against 
them by gardiner and others. 154. 
vii. P. 85. arrival of more planters 
at. v. 155. fourth court of elec- 
tion ; the whole body of freemen 
to be present at the court of elec- 
tion only ; its freemen first choose 
deputies. 156. ministers con- 
sulted about a body of laws for the 
state and church. 157. pass a 
law respecting wages. 158. first 
use of grand juries in, 1635; man- 
ner of proceeding in civil actions. 
159. governour of, receives a let- 
ter from capt. neal respecting pi- 
rates ; measures taken to capture 
them. 160. alarmed by a report 
of the coming of french Jesuits, &c. 
raise a fort at nantasket, and hasten 
the planting of ipswich. 161. dis- 

turbed by the defacing of the king's 
colours at salem ; punishes rar. 
endicott for it; freemen jealous of 
their liberties ; magistrates affirmed 
to be merely ministerial, and nega- 
tive voice questioned. 165. 166. 
power of magistrates to make 
peace without the consent of the 
people, questioned. 166. a pre- 
sent of cattle to. 170. grant leave 
to certain inhabitants of watertown 
and rosbury to remove to Connec- 
ticut. 177. their difficulty with 
plymouth men about Connecticut. 
179. spread themselves into many 
new plantations. 179. 180. views 
of church government ; owned the 
church of england a true church. 
181. take a middle course be- 
tween brownism and presbyterian- 
ism. 182. 183. notions of the vi- 
sible church ; who are to be con- 
sidered as members ; approve of 
church covenant. 183. the platform 
set forth at the synod at Cambridge. 
184. of the persons bound to, only 
one instance of 'perishing by ship- 
wreck. 200. violent storm at, 15th 
august, 1635. 199. 200. disturban- 
ces in, caused by roger williams. 
202. 205. 207. 212. gorges and ma- 
son attempt to get its patent re- 
voked. 227.229. banish roger Wil- 
liams. 207. increases rapidly, es- 
tablishes a standing council, regu- 
lates courts of judicature. 234. au- 
thority of towns ; early regulation of 
militia; troubles in, during the time 
of sir h. vane ; general court to be 
held semi-annually. 235. troubles 
caused by sir h. vane removed by 
gov. winthrop. 236. low price of 
cattle, suffering of the colony, in 
1640 ; order the manufacture of 
woollen cloth ; scarceness of pro- 
visions in. 238. open traffick with 
the west indies and wine islands. 
239. deputies from towns reduced 
from three to two ; its deputies 
opposed to the standing council. 
244. committee appointed to frame 
a body of laws, which are adopted. 
246. 247. punish extortioners. 
248. makes peace with the narra- 
gansets and with massachusetts in- 
dians. 254. difficulties about the 
place of holding general court. 



25S. 259. receives a commission 
from sir f. gorges to govern the pro- 
vince of maine, or new somerset. 
261. quo warranto issued against, 
and judgment for the king. 272. 
charter confirmed afterwards by the 
king; disturbances in, occasioned 
by rev. mr. wheelright and mrs. 
hutchinson's religious notions. 280. 
mr. wheelright convicted of se- 
dition, etc. 283. petitioners in his 
favour, expelled the colony, go- to 
rhode island. 283. expels mrs. 
hutchinson. 285. meeting of min- 
isters about church difficulties. 
286. general court take into con- 
sideration the disputes among the 
churches. 289. 290. synod called 
and a day of humiliation appointed. 
295. 296. the religious errours then 
prevalent. 297. first synod at 
Cambridge. 298. banishes ana- 
baptists on account of their sedi- 
tious opinions, vi. 347. difficulties 
with mr. burdet of dover. 354. 
proceedings against underbill. 356. 
359. 360. controversy about ligo- 
nia referred to. 369. hears the 
cause, but declines jurisdiction. 
370. begins to look to its bounda- 
ries. 371. purchases jurisdiction 
of territory adjoining pascataqua ; 
establishes a body of laws. 372. 
receives exeter under its govern- 
ment ; troubled by anabaptists. 
373. determines that they have a 
right to repress heresies. 374. 
ships seized in boston harbour ; dis- 
tress in, causes many to remove 
south. 375. 376. passes a law for 
recording all deeds of conveyance. 
380. disputes about the negative 
votes of the magistrates. 382. 383. 
difficulties in consequence of scar- 
city of provisions ; early settlers at, 
agree to support each other. 384. 
standing council written against. 
385. resolves of ministers about 
the standing council. 387. 388. 
deputies and magistrates to form 
two bodies. 391. further disputes 
about the standing council, depu- 
ties, magistrates, &c. 392. 399. 
troubled by gorton and other fami- 
lists. 401. sends troops to arrest 
gorton and his company. 402. 403. 
books sent to, from england, in fa- 

vour of anabaptists. 415. further 
disturbed by rumours of indian hos- 
tilities. 446. 449. makes peace 
with the narragansets. 453. gen- 
eral court of, ratify articles of con- 
federation with other colonies. 
474. transactions of, with the 
french about acady. 478. 494. 
makes a present to d'aulney of a 
curious sedan in reparation of 
wrong. 496. further troubled by 
gorton and company. 500. or- 
dered by earl of nottingham and 
others to allow gorton and company 
to land, and pass to their residence 
without molestation. 50J . sends 
agent to england on the subject of 
s. gorton and company. 502. pe- 
titions the earl of Warwick and lords 
commissioners in answer to gorton 
and others. 502. 506. receives 
letters from committee of house of 
lords and commons on the subject 
of gorton's complaints. 507. 509. 
substance of petition to, from dr. 
child and others. 512. argument 
with dr. child and others on their 
petition. 515. lays a duty on 
Spanish wine; difficulty in collect- 
ing this duty. 520. ship building 
and trade early flourished in ; two 
ships wrecked on the coast of 
spain. 524. inflicts the punish- 
ment of death on mrs. jones, of 
charlestown, supposed to be a 
witch. 530. first law authorizing 
administrators to sell lands for pay- 
ment of debts of the deceased. 
592. debates about calling a sy- 
nod ; power of magistrates in mat- 
ters of religion, and liberty of con- 
science. 532. 536. sends com- 
missioners to maine. 542. obtains 
jurisdiction of maine ; orders skilful 
mathematicians to run the north 
line of massachusetts ; grants the 
privileges of freemen to maine. 543. 
first orders laws to be printed. 544. 
unwilling to engage in war between 
the dutch and new haven men. 
547. adopt the platform of disci- 
pline of 1648 ; fines the church at 
maiden, for settling a minister with- 
out the advice of neighbouring 
churches, and allowance of magis- 
trates. 550. orders, that no min- 
ister be settled without the appro- 



bation of magistrates, and author- 
izes county courts to compel the 
support of ministers. 551. farms 
out the fur trade with indians ; gives 
2000 acres of land to harvard col- 
lege. 555. address to charles ii. 
on his restoration. 557. answer 
of the king to this address. 561. 
disputes about baptism, &c. 562. 

570. passes laws against quakers. 

571. declaration of its general 
court on proceedings against qua- 
kers. 572. one of its members 
publishes a book, which the court 
censures ; solemnly proclaims 
charles ii. king. 575. sends brad- 
street and norton to england to re- 
present their loyalty to charles ii. 
576. difficulties, debates, &c. on 
the subjects agitated by the com- 
missioners from charles ii. 578. 
583. viii. 55. 110. determines 
to exercise authority over a part of 
maine. vi. 584. sends commis- 
sioners to portsmouth, dover, and 
exeter to settle difficulties. 586. 
court reply to the petition of s. gor- 
ton and others to commissioners ; 
presents ' £500 to his majesty for 
the accommodation of his navy ; 
further disputes about baptism, &c. 
587. attempts to break up a schis- 
matical society of christians. 591 . 
passes a law, authorizing adminis- 
trators to sell lands for payment of 
debts of the deceased. 592. sends 
commissioners to york. 593. or- 
der and declaration for the govern- 
ment of yorkshire (york.) 594. 
authorizes the commissioners to 
hold courts. 595. further difficul- 
ties on the subject of baptism, 
church government, &c. 601. 602. 
sends william stoughton and peter 
bulkley to england, to answer com- 
plaints made by heirs of gorges and 
mason. 613. afterwards sends 
Joseph dudley and John richards 
with fuller powers. 614. calls a 
synod of ministers on the subject of 
public calamities. 621. orders 
the confession of faith, agreed on at 
the synod, to be published. 624. 
bears an unequal share of expense, 
&c. under the union of the colonies 
in 1643. vii. 45. why named mas- 
sachusetts. 75. its military drill- 

ed eight days in the year, without 
exemption, except deacons, minis- 
ters, magistrates, and a few timo- 
rous persons. 53. arrival of, under 
gov. winthrop, (prince's advertise- 
ment;) loses 200 people by death 
between april and december of the 
first year. P. 6. does not permit 
strangers to plant there. P. 6. 
seat of government at newtown, 
now Cambridge. P. 8. sufferings 
for the want of food. P. 10. 18. 
a day of fast, which is changed into 
a day of thanksgiving on account of 
the arrival of provisions, which are 
distributed according to their neces- 
sities. P. 18. each plantation to 
erect a trucking house for indians. 
P. 61. every person in, to be pro- 
vided with arms and ammunition. 
P. 23. 26. towns taxed for a canal 
from charles river to newtown. P. 
31. question made by watertown 
people about the power of govern- 
ment to lay taxes. P. 57. general 
court orders, that the governour, 
deputy governour and assistants be 
chosen by the whole court, includ- 
ing freemen, and that the governour 
be chosen from among the assistants, 
v. 147. vii. P. 60. general court 
held once a year. P. 57. people 
purchased all their land of the in- 
dians ; small-pox destroys many of 
its indians. P. 67. sad distresses 
end with terrible cold winter. P. 
75. 76. sickness in ; locusts very 
numerous and destructive. P. 92. 
reasons why more persons did not 
come in 1631, 1632 — sickness and 
deaths and want of food in, misre- 
presentations against, by morton, 
sir c. gardiner, ratcliff and others. 
P. 82. emigration to, increases for 
several years. P. 83. seditious 
words against its government pun- 
ished. P. 85. without ploughs. 
P. 88. is accused to the privy 
council by gorges and others of 
throwing off allegiance, and becom- 
ing wholly separate from the laws 
of england. P. 88. and is dis- 
charged. P. 89. 91. expected to 
prove useful to england in furnishing 
masts, cordage, &c. P. 89. 91. 
chooses governour, deputy gover- 
nour and assistants, by general 



erection of hands. P. 91. 92. so- 
licited by indians to settle on Con- 
necticut river. P. 93. form a 
company with plymouth people to 
trade there, which project is given 
over. P. 94. a committee ap- 
pointed to make a code of laws for, 
which is confirmed and printed, 
viii. 9. 10. very early imports ma- 
deira wine ; its productions and ex- 
ports. 12. and manufactures; in- 
corporates shoemakers, and coo- 
pers. 13. caterpillars destructive 
in. 18. loses several ships. 18. 
19. complaints about taxes. 24. 
" pride and excess in apparel " early 
in. 25. churches send relief to the 
bermuda church, which was ex- 
pelled the island. 31. 32. papers 
delivered to its general court by col. 
nichols and others, commissioners 
from charles ii. may 2, 1665. 55. 
suspects the object of the commis- 
sioners to be that of laying taxes; 
reasons why the commissioners 
were sent out to. 56. 57. suspect- 
ed in england of being resolved on 
independence. 57. charles ii. dis- 
satisfied with answer to his letter. 
58. answer of its general court to 
the commissioners. 59. commis- 
sioners answer. 61. accuses the 
commissioners of a breach of its pa- 
tent ; answer to the commissioners, 
denying any injury to narragan- 
set and other indians. 63. letter 
from the commissioners, denying 
that they had infringed massachu- 
setts patent ; oath of allegiance to, 
by commissioners. 64. letter to 
the commissioners, giving an ac- 
count of harvard college, of the 
law regarding town and grammar 
schools, with which the colony was 
well provided, and the number of 
christian indians in massachusetts. 
65. letter to the commissioners, 
objecting to their power of hearing 
appeals from its courts, as a breach 
of its charter ; letter to the com- 
missioners about attempts to arrest 
messrs. whalley and goffe. 67. ac- 
cused by gorton and others of exe- 
cuting laws in its own name, and of 
swearing to fidelity to its own go- 
vernment. 68. general court's 
answer to letter from charles ii. 

about repealing laws derogatory to 
the king's authority, allegiance, the 
administration of justice in the 
king's name, use of the common 
prayer, administration of sacra- 
ments, qualification of electors, and 
the case of capt. thomas breeden. 
47. 49. confers an honour on the 
hon. robert boyle ; cautioned by him 
to use more guarded language. 49. 
52. letter from charles ii. about 
renewing charter, granting general 
amnesty, laws repugnant to those of 
england, allegiance, use of the com- 
mon prayer, administration of sacra- 
ments, number of assistants, quali- 
fications of electors, and against tol- 
erating quakers. 52. 55. contro- 
versy with king's commissioners on 
all the points in dispute. 71. 82. 
summoned to appear before king's 
commissioners by attorney, in the 
appeal of the case of the charles of 
oleron ; letter to, from commission- 
ers, complaining of its answer. 82. 
84. publishes by sound of a 
trumpet, a defiance of the king's 
commissioners. 84. sends troops 
under capt. endicott and others 
against the pequots. 131. sends 
capt. patrick with troops against in- 
dians at block island. 143. and 
under capt. stoughton against the 
pequots. 145. x. 59. general 
court's letter or paper from the 
king's commissioners, col. nichols 
and others, requiring alterations to 
be made in the laws of massachu- 
setts. viii. 84. 87. letter to the 
king's commissioners about boun- 
daries. 87. summons the owners 
of the charles of oleron, to make 
good their cause, and gives notice 
to the king's commissioners. 88. 

90. sends £500 as a present to the 
king for the use of the navy. 90. 

91. objections of its committee 
about appeals to the king's commis- 
sioners. 91. 92. a brief narrative 
of its negotiations with the king's 
commissioners, col. nichols and 
others. 92. 96. raises troops for 
taking manhattoes, under the king's 
commissioners. 94. copy of the 
first quo warranto issued against. 
96. 97. advantages in trade grant- 
ed to. 97. holds a day of prayer 



owing to questions with the com- 
missioners about allegiance. 98. 
great number of petitions presented 
to. 99. debate about appeasing 
his majesty. 99. 101 . required to 
publish a declaration of war against 
the french in Canada. 101. 102. 
general court petitioned by boston 
against disloyalty and in favour of 
appeasing the king. 103. 105. 
and by salem, newbury and ipswich 
to the same effect. 105. answer 
of general court to diaries ii. part- 
ly about a letter from the king, 
which had no seal, &c. 108. 109. 
a public dispute held in with bap- 
tists. 111. 112. papers on andros's 
administration. 179. 183. letter 
of general court to Joseph dudley, 
president of the council, complain- 
ing of breach of privileges. 179. 
appoints a committee to take charge 
of its papers and title deeds. 180. 
minutes of sir e. andros's council 
in. 181. 182. all its officers and 
laws to be continued during sir e. 
andros's pleasure. 183. an esti- 
mate of its expenses in 1764, in- 
cluding forts, salaries, etc. and 
bounty on wheat. 198. 199. ge- 
neral court, report of its committee 
about cape cod canal, with esti- 
mates of its costs, etc. 193. 196. 
an account of a part of mr. Wil- 
son's gift of ammunition to. 228. 
229. its receipt from rates, beaver 
trade fee, etc. 1632, 1633. 230. 
231. its payments during the same 
period. 232. 233. general court 
impeach capt. william rous and 
others for trading with an enemy, 
who claim a habeas corpus. 240. 
242. declares war against nor- 
ridgewock indians. 254. its troops 
take norridgewock, and kill father 
ralle and indians. 254. 255. let- 
ter to governour from eastern in- 
dians, with fac similes of their seals. 
259. 263. opinion of council sent 
to maiden church. 325. general 
court summons rev. marmaduke 
mathews before it, for preaching 
unsafe opinions. 325. 326. its act 
of privileges; claims for the house 
of representatives the privileges of 
the house of commons, about money 
bills, etc. 326. 327. visited by 

plymouth settlers ; it is subject to 
massasoyt ; its squaw sachem or 
queen, ix. 57. Indian language 
in. 223. proceedings against sam- 
uel gorton. 199. 200. very early 
insists, that there is no appeal from 
its proceedings to england. 201. 
charter from william and mary, re- 
ferred to. x. 2. general court dis- 
franchises and dismisses three of its 
members from boston, x. 23. 
charter privileges usurped by sir 
edmund andros. 25. towns in, 
allowed to send two representa- 
tives, by the charter of william and 
mary. 26. legislative proceedings 
irregular. 26. prepares to make 
war against the narragansets. 60. 
insurrection in, headed by shays 
and day. 79. And see new eng- 
land, plymouth colony, maine, as- 
sistants, commissioners from charles 
ii., nichols, col. etc. 
Massachusetts colony, indians. ii. 66. 
believe the house of kautantowit to 
be the abode of the good after 
death. 113. reduced by mortality 
from 30,000 to 300. 72. dispute 
with massachusetts about land. iii. 
127. small-pox destroys many. 

127. kindness of whites to. 127. 

128. on charles river, v. 32. car- 
ried off by pestilence just before 
the arrival of plymouth colony. 
51. 54. great mortality among, by 
small-pox. 194. 195. P. 67. dress 
and habits, viii. 27. 28. number 
of, educating at Cambridge, and of 
christian indians in massachusetts. 
65. place of residence, ix. 236. 
And see mashpee, natick, martha's 
vineyard, narraganset, etc. 

Massachusetts, shipping in 1806. iii. 
122. register, iii. 163. fires in, 
from 1701 to 1800. i. 81. insur- 
rection in, headed by shays, iii. 
246. quelled. 248. 249. consti- 
tution of, formed ; adopts the united 
states constitution. 161. provin- 
cial congress of; list of killed and 
wounded at the battles of concord 
and lexington. viii. 45. 

Massachusetts historical society al- 
phabetical list of its members, i. 
8. x. 191. 192. laws and regula- 
tions, i. 3. circular letter. 14. 
ii. 277. donations to. 285. iii. 



292. iv. 304. vii, 297. viii. 329. 
ix. 369. x. 188. library, books 
deposited in, by old south church, 
vii. 179. when incorporated. 181. 
first publishes collections. 182. 
list of its members recently elected. 
x. 191. 

Massachusetts medical society, remon- 
strance against college of physi- 
cians, i. 134. 

Massachusetts general hospital, peti- 
tion for. i. 127. 

Massachusetts indian language, eliot's 
grammar of, at large, ix. 243, et 
post.; and mr. pickering's introduc- 
tion to. 223, et post. 

Massacre of english at Virginia by in- 
dians. vi. 411. 

Massapee. iii. 175. 

Massaquatucket. vii. 140. 

Massasoit. iii. 177. or woosamequen, 
chief sachem of wompanoogs. v. 
33. comes to plymouth. 59. ac- 
knowledges himself a subject of 
king james, and enters into a 
league with the pilgrims. 59. 60. 
61. or ousamequin. vii. 140. or 
massasoyt, his habitation at pucka- 
riokick. ix. 27. which is near nar- 
raganset bay, visited by plymouth 
settlers. 49. 50. overthrown by 
the narragansets. 54. 57. with 
90 indians spends some days at ply- 
mouth. 60. acknowledges him- 
self subject to king james. 68. or 
massasowat, a friend of plymouth 
people. 82. 84. 95. 

Massassoomineuk, its meaning, iii. 

Massey, Jeffrey, viii. 106. 

Massey, John. viii. 106. 

Massey, rev. edmund. i. 106. 

Masters, John. iii. 266. cuts a passage 
from charles river to Cambridge, for 
which the court promise payment, 
vii. P. 30. 60. 

Masters' brook, iii. 262. 265. 

Masterson, nathaniel, appointed mar- 
shal of all york. vi. 593. 594. 596. 

Matacut harbour, iii. 20. 

Matakeeset bay. iii. 40. 41. 

Matakeeset, now pembroke. vii. 144. 

Matopan, or dorchester, settled, v. 
134. 135. See dorchester, massa- 

Matfield river, vii. 151. 172. 

Mather, rev. richard, of dorchester. 
i. 204. iii. 150. his preservation 
from shipwreck ; arrives, v. 199. 
200. 273. his answer to rev. mr. da- 
venport referred to. vi. 590. his 
death. 607. vii. 41. viii. 98. 

Mather, rev. samuel, of dublin, ire- 
land, vii. 29. 187. 

Mather, rev. nathaniel. vii. 29. 

Mather, rev. dr. increase, i. 202. 
visited by John dunton. ii. 100. 
agent for plymouth colony, iii. 
190. visits the confessors of witch- 
craft, at salem. 221. iv. 93. let- 
ter to, on the episcopal controversy 
in Connecticut. 301. his treatise 
on baptism referred to. vi. 570. 
vii. 161. his manuscripts. 184. 
letter to, from anthony wood. 187. 
his relation of the troubles which 
happened to new england by the 
indians, referred to. viii. 125. 

Mather, rev. dr. cotton, his magnalia. 
i. (xxx.) 203. 205. encourages 
inoculation. 106. visited by John 
dunton. ii. 101. 133. 147. in- 
forms dr. boylston of the manner 
of inoculating for the small-pox in 
turkey. 159. letter to, from gov. 
dudley, giving an account of an un- 
common tooth. 263. quoted, iv. 
126. 138 his ratio disciplinae. 
180. letter to, on the episcopal 
controversy in Connecticut. 301. 
v. (v.) quoted, vi. 541. notice of 
ezekiel cheever. vii. 130. mag- 
nalia quoted. 132. 161. quoted. 
162. quoted. P. 41. 45. mistake 
corrected. P. 45. 48. viii. 243. he- 
catompolis referred to. x. 56. 

Matlack, timothy, his letter to hon. 
william findley, giving an account 
of attempts to abolish slavery in 
Pennsylvania and jersey, viii. 184. 

Mattachiest. ix. 83. 

Mattachusetts. See massachusetts. 

Mattacusets. See massachusetts. 

Mattakeeset. iv. 222. 

Mattakeeset pond. iv. 92. 225. 

Mattaneaug, or Windsor, Connecticut, 
settled, vi. 307. 

Mattanwake, or long island, v. 89. 

Mattapoiset. iii. 200. iv. -258. 259. 
now rochester. 250. 263. x. 31. 

Mattapoiset harbour, iv. 252. x. 36. 

Mattapoiset brook, iv. 254. 



Mattapoiset river, iv. 302. 303. x. 35. 

Mattapoiset village, iv. 255. 
Mathews, capt. John, sent on disco- 
very to new england. v. 13. ix.5. 
a true lover of Virginia ; his farm. 

Matthews, rev. marmaduke. vi. 663. 
of hull and of maiden, viii. 15. 
" meeter on." 16. of lynn, ac- 
cused of preaching erroneous and 
unsafe opinions, is summoned be- 
fore massachusetts general court. 
325. 326. 

Matthews, — — . iii. 27. 

Maud, rev. , of dover, new hamp- 

shire, a good man. vi. 364. vii. 33. 

Maushop, a fabulous giant, iii. 43. 

Maverick, rev. John, first minister of 
dorchester. ii. 91. iii. 150. ar- 
rives, v. 133. settles at dorches- 
ter. 134. 135. 186. 189. 192. 
vii. P. 4. sworn a freeman. P. 29. 
mistake about his arrival corrected. 
P. 39. notice of. P. 40. forms a 
congregational church at plymouth, 
england ; ordained episcopally in 
england." P. 41. 66. 

Maverick, samuel. ii. 86. v. 160. 
vi. 500. vii. P. 4. 5. his house at 
winnesemet. P. 34. his pinnace. 
P. 58. receives from bull and oth- 
ers, pirates, a pinnace, in exchange 
for one captured by them. P. 73. 
viii. 233. 

Maverick, samuel, king's commission- 
er, with col. nichols and others. 
vii. 92. (And see commissioners, 
&c. and nichols, col.) at pasca- 
taqua. v. 89. vi. 665. at boston, 
viii. 52. 58. 62. 64. creates disgust 
at pascataqua. 75. 77. 81. 82. 84. 
87. 90. 92. 94. 95. 109. 

Maverick, elias. viii. 233. 

Mawhawks, or maquas. ix. 236. And 
see mohawks. 

Mawques, or mohawk indians. vi. 629. 
And see mohawks. 

Maxwell, john, his disposition relative 
to judge s. sewall's denying a habeas 
corpus, viii. 241. 

Maydwell, thomas. v. 232. 

Mayes indians, their residence and 
number, ii. 25. 

May-flower, the ship which brought 
the pilgrims to plymouth. iii. 174. 

208. v. 129. arrives at charlestown. 
131. vii. 153. P. 10. 

Mayhew, thomas, governour of mar- 
tha's vineyard, ii. 64. iii. 33. 34. 
labours among the indians of mar- 
tha's vineyard 66. dies at the 
age of ninety. 69. 86. satisfied 
with the answer of indians ; influ- 
ence over them. 87. attempts, 
(with his son,) to civilize indians, 
83. prudence in managing with 
indians. 83. 84. introduces juries 
among them. 83. grant to, of 
martha's vineyard ; visits indians to 
preserve peace ; obtains commission 
to recover martha's vineyard, &c. 
85. prevents indians from going to 
war. 86. instructs indians at mar- 
tin's vineyard, viii. 29. 231. 

Mayhew, rev. thomas, jun. of martha's 
vineyard ; character, iii. 34. 67. 
first minister of edgartown. 71. 
labours among the indians. 92. 
vi. 654. lost at sea on his passage 
to england. iii. 67. vi. 557. 654. 

Mayhew, matthew, " brief account of 
the success of the gospel," &c. 
quoted, iii. 67. magistrate and 
preacher to the indians at martha's 
vineyard. 68. 69. 87. 

Mayhew, thomas, a justice of the 
court of common pleas at martha's 
vineyard, iii. 68. 

Mayhew, john. iii. 67. a preacher 
at martha's vineyard ; character, 
iii. 68. preacher at tisbury. 74. 

Mayhew, rev. experience, of martha's 
vineyard, ii. 47. character and 
works. 68. 69. death. 69. 

Mayhew, dr. matthew. iii. 69. 70. 

Mayhew, Joseph, tutor at harvard col- 
lege, iii. 69. 

Mayhew, nathan. iii. 69. 

Mayhew, john. iii. 70. 

Mayhew, jeremiah. iii. 70. 

Mayhew, rev. dr. Jonathan, of boston, 
writings on episcopacy, ii. 196. 202. 
212. iii. 17. 69. 

Mayhew, zechariah, a preacher to in- 
dians. iii, 69. 

Mayhew, thomas, esquire, iii. 17. iv. 

Mayhew, . iii. 66. 

Maynard, sir john, a benefactor of har- 
vard college, ii. 108. 

Mayo, rev. john. vi. 663. 



Mayo, mrs. x. 176. 

Mc call, major hugh. x. 192. 

Mc clench, mrs. x. 177. 

Mc clintock, rev. samuel, of green- 
land, new hampshire. iv. 178. 

Mc cloud, lieut. viii. 156. 

Mc dure, robert. x. 179. 

Mc cormick, , shoots a man, is 

tried and condemned, but is re- 
prieved, ii. 229. 

Mc crea, miss, mr. tudor's allusion to. 
viii. 298. 

Mc culler, lieut. viii. 156. 

Mc curdy, lieut. John. x. 178. 

Mc duffee, col. John. x. 178. 

Mc farland, rev. asa, of concord, new 
hampshire. iii. 112. 

Mc gregore, rev. david, of londonder- 
ry, new hampshire. iv. 78. 

Mc intire, mrs. x. 177. 

Mc kean, rev. dr. Joseph, i. 248. 
iii. 287. letter from. 288. v. (vi.) 
professor of rhetorick and oratory 
at harvard college ; sketch of his 
life and character, viii. 157. 167. 
settled at milton. 158. invited to 
settle in boston ; a representative of 
boston. 160. chosen professor of 
mathematicks and natural philoso- 
phy, but does not accept; inaugu- 
rated professor of rhetorick and ora- 
tory. 161. dies; buried at the 
havana; epitaph. 164.165. list of 
publications. 166. 

Mc kean, william. viii. 165. 

Mc kean, agnes. viii. 166. 

Mc kean, william. viii. 166. 

Mc kean, elizabeth. viii. 166. 

Mckee,dr. iv.293. 

Mc keller, peter, viii. 156. 

Mc kennie, rev. . i. 146. 

Mc kenzie, . ii. 11. 12. 23. 

voyages. 43. referred to. 
— , a midshipman. 

131. 143 

Mc kenzie, 


Mc kenzie's river, ii. 43. 
Mc lean, col. ii. 236. 
Mc lellan, jane. x. 179. 
Mc loud, ensign, iv. 219. 
Mc mullen, capt. lieut. viii. 156. 
Mc neal, capt. viii. 157. 
Mc pherson, , aid to montgom- 

ery. ii. 244. slain. 246, 
Mc pherson, , instructer. ii. 

Meadj dr. i. 108. 

vol. x. 42 

Mead, elijah. ii. 176. 180. 

Mead, rev. samuel, of amesbury. iv. 
261. x. 37. 

Mead's pond, in waltham. iii. 265. 

Meadford. See medford. 

Means, major thomas. iv. 180. 

Means, . iv. 180. 

Meautis, thomas. v. 153. 

Mechanicks, to fix their own wages, 
viii. P. 23. 

Mecumel. See miantonemo. 

Mede, , his opinion respecting 

the natives of America, v. 26. 

Medford, taxed £3 out of £50 in 
massachusetts. vii. P. 1. tax for 
the support of ministers. P. 6. 
tax. P. 57. P. 60. tax. P. 85. 
tax. viii. 230. witchcraft at. x. 

Medical dissertations, list of. i. 117. 

Medical society of massachusetts, 
terms of admission to. i. 113. ad- 
dress to, by dr. josiah bartlett. 105. 
established. 112. its officers in 
1812. 114. 

Medical society (boylston.) i. 127. 

Medical science, history of its progress 
in massachusetts. i. 105. 

Medicinal springs in new england. v. 

Medulla theologie, of rev. w. ames, 
quoted, vii. 165. 

Meech, rev. asa, of bridgewater. vii. 

Meigs, . ii. 22. 

Meigs, mrs. ii. 231 . 234. 238. 242. 

Meigs, josiah, president of university 
of georgia. ii. 227. 

Meigs, major return-j. ; journal of his 
expedition to quebec under col. 
benedict arnold ; account of; hon- 
oured by congress; his military ex- 
ploits, ii. 227. .captured at que- 
bec. 246. For incidents related 
in his journal, see arnold, col. bene- 

Mein's new hampshire register, iv. 

Mendon settled, vi. 591. destroyed 
by indians. 592. 

Mendoza, , his treatise of war 

referred to. vii. 216. 

Menehighon. See monhegan. 

Menemsha pond. iii. 42. 44. 45. 49. 



Menemsha bite. iii. 45. 
Menomene river, ii. 10. 
Menomene, or fols-avoise, indians, 

their language, number and resi- 
dence, ii. 10. 
Mercer, richard. iv. 134. 
Mercer, mrs. iv. 134. 

Merchant, . iii. 66. 

Merchants of boston send relief to his 

majesty's fleet in distress at caribbee 

islands, vi. 592. 
Merchant adventurers, the first in 

massachusetts. ii. 68. 
Mercury, packet brig. iv. 285. 
Mercy, william. viii. 46. 
Merick, henry, iv. 240. 
Merrick, william. vii. 138. 
Merrill, rev. nathaniel, of nottingham 

west. iv. 78. 
Merrill, rev. gyles, minister of north 

parish of haverhill and plaistow. 

iv. 78. his ordination, death and 

character. 147. 152 
Merrill, rev. nathaniel, of boscawen. 

x. 74. 
Merrill, james-c. iv. 147. 169. x. 

Merrill, samuel. iv. 147. 169. 
Merrill, rev. nathaniel, of lyndebo- 

rough, new hampshire. viii. 177. 
Merrimack river, iii. 137. 144. iv. 

76.121. v. 17. vii. 18. 66. x. 72. 

indians at.* v. 32. 
Merrimack, new hampshire, its minis- 
ters and churches, viii. 178. 
Merrimack bridge, iv. 122. 
Merrimack intelligencer, iv. 126. 
Merrimack bay,french vessel wrecked 

at. v. 99. 
Merrit, henry, iv. 242. 

Merry, , of roche9ter. iv. 253. 

Merry, ■ . iii. 66. 

Merry's pond. iv. 253. x. 36. 
Merry-meeting bay. ii. 229. iii. 118. 

its indians capture families there. 

viii. 254. 
Merton college, i. 165. 
Meserve, george. iii. 119. 
Messinger, widow, viii. 197. 
Metapoiset. vii. 156. 

Metcalf, , printer, ii. 283. 

Methna, signification of. ii. 267. 

Mevis, . vii. 29. 

Mexanimo. See miantonemo. 
Mexico, natives of. v. 27. See new 

Miacomit. iii. 26. 

Miami river, ii. 7. 

Miamis indians. ii. 6. 7. and the 
Illinois, originally one tribe. 7. at- 
tentive to agriculture ; their number 
and annuity. 7. 12. 

Miantonemo, sachem of the narragan- 
sets. iv. 42. or mecumel, comes 
to boston to make peace, v. 144. 
145. 253. 254. conspiracy against 
the english ; character and de- 
signs, vi. 446. 447. appears at 
court at boston ; persuades massa- 
chusetts people that his intentions 
are peaceable. 448. attacks un- 
cas and is defeated. 450. is cap- 
tured and put to death. 451. with 
the consent of the commissioners of 
the united colonies, vii. 45. 46. 47. 
with canonicus, quarrels with ou- 
samaquin. 75. 76. comes to bos- 
ton about gorton's affairs, vi. 404. 
vii. P. 59. or miantonomeh, or me- 
cumeh, kindly treated at boston ; 
his punishment for stealing there. 
P. 64. 65. or mexanimo, troops 
sent against, viii. 3. ormiantomo. 
136. joins capt. mason against the 
pequots. 122. 136. 148. ix. 182. 
or myantonemo, captured and put 
to death by uncas. 202. a friend 
to rhode island. 202. 

Michigan lake. ii. 10. 11. 

Mickasew, its meaning, iv. 275. 

Middleborough, bills of mortality, 
ii. 261. iii. 169. vii. 142. cider. 

Middlebury, Vermont, a statistical ac- 
count of. ix. 123. scenery. 124. 
alluvial soil. 125. 126. mills and 
manufactories. 127. marble manu- 
factory. 129. 130. face of coun- 
try and minerals. 131. iron ore. 
133. facilities for manufacturing 
copperas. 134. valuable marble. 
135. water ;• mineral spring; fer- 
tility of soil. 137. price of wood 
and of wheat at ; fruit trees. 138. 
gardening. 144. catalogue of 
plants, with their botanical names. 
146, et seq. 

Middlebury river, ix. 123. 

Middlecot, richard. viii. 44. 

Middle ground shoal, iii. 45. 

Middle pond. iii. 118. 

Middlesex canal, ii. 174. iv. 193. 

Middletown, new hampshire, descrip- 
tion of. iii. 120. incorporation. 



121. schools, professional men and 
inhabitants. 121. 

Midwifery, lectures on. i. 117. 

Mighili, rev. thomas, of scituate. iv. 

Milbourne, peter, captain of the ar- 
bella. v. 128. 

Mildew, in new england. vi. 642. 

Mile-and-a-half money, iv, 88. 

Mile-end cove. ix. 198. 

Miles, capt. charles. viii. 46. 

Military officers chosen by the court 
of assistants, vii. P. 32. 34. cho- 
sen by the freemen for life or good 
behaviour, excepting the major-ge- 
neral, who is chosen annually, viii. 

Military, twenty-six companies of, un- 
der massachusetts government ; 
drilled eight days a year ; each per- 
son fined five shillings for every neg- 
lect, without other exemption than 
ministers, deacons and magistrates, 
vii. 53. of massachusetts, in 1665. 
viii. 72. muster early in massachu- 
setts. i. (xxix.) 

Military company, the first about bos- 
ton, petitions to be incorporated ; 
petition rejected, v. 243. See an- 
cient and honourable artillery com- 

Military affairs, commissioners of, 
have power of life and limb. v. 164, 

Military hospitals, i. 111. 

Mill brook, iv. 55. 62. or stony 
brook, x. 65. 

Mill river, iii. 166. 

Miller, rev. John, of rowley, requested 
to go to Virginia, and declines, vi. 
410. 663. of yarmouth. vii. 13. 

Miller, , says the people of 

new england are traitors, because 
they have not the king's colours on 
the castle ; arrested, but dismissed. 
v. 241. 

Miller, lieut. viii. 157. 

Miller, james. ii. 167. viii. 46. 

Miller, ensign thomas. ii. 175. 

Miller, rev. dr. samuel, of princeton, 
new jersey, viii. 167. 

Miller, deacon thomas. ii. 171. 

Miller, capt. Joseph, ii. 176. 180. 

Miller's retrospect, quoted, viii. 276. 

Milles, john. vii. P. 5. 

Milles, joy, > of the first bap- 

Milles, recompense, ) tism in boston, 
vii. P. 5. 

Millford, Connecticut, settled. vi. 

Mills, serjeant elisha. viii. 46. 

Mills, amos. viii. 46. 

Mills, samuel-j. missionary to indians. 
ii. 1. 3. 22. 

Miltimore, rev. william, of falmouth, 
maine. iv. 181. 

Milton, vaccination at. i. 125. 

Milton hills, iv. 270. 

Mineral substances, mode of collect- 
ing, i. 25. 

Minetares indians, their residence 
and number, ii. 35. 

Ministers questioned about power of 
the magistrates, and their answers. 
vi. 396. 400. tax for the support 
of. vii. P. 6. quarrel about the 
manner of supporting them. vi. 
412. meet at Cambridge to consult 
about books opposed to congrega- 
tional government. 415'. to be 
supported by their own congrega- 
tions, v. 304. meeting of, at ips- 
wich. iv. 158. about the standing 
council ; their resolves, vi. 387. 
388. of new hampshire, list of, in 
1767. iv. 78. of massachusetts, 
defend inoculation for small-pox. i. 

Ministers of boston, their opinion con- 
cerning episcopacy, ii. 133. 137. 
agree to send clergymen to Virginia 
vi. 410. 

Ministers and churches in new hamp- 
shire. x. 54. 

Ministry, a learned, opposed and de- 
fended, iv. 12. 

Minks, iii. 2. 

Minot, , of dorchester. iv. 91. 

Minot, John, his letter to gov. shute 
quoted, viii. 265. 

Minot, judge george-r. i. (xii. xviii.) 
viii. 298. 

Minoway-kautong indians, or gens de 
lai, their residence and numbers, ii. 

Mint, early in massachusetts. ii. 274. 

Miracle, a pretended, iv. 107. 

Mirrick, james. viii. 106. 

Mirror of the times and general adver- 
tiser, extract from. vii. 186. 

Mishawum, or charlestown. ii. 163. 

Mishawumut, its meaning, x. 174. 

Miskenomge, its meaning, iii. 182. 

Misquamacock ; carr, &c. decision re- 
lating to. vii. 91. 



Misquitucket. iii. 175. 

Missionaries, english, in america. i. 

158. ii. 206. among indians. 48. 
Missions to indians, probable benefit 

of. ii. 20. 22. 
Mississippi, ii. 40. or 

micissippi. viii. 250. 
Mississippi territory, ii.28. 
Missouri river, ii. 23. 41. 42. 
Missouri indians, their residence and 

numbers, ii. 32. 
Missuckeke. iii. 182. 
Mistick. ii. 161. its tax. viii. 230. 
Mistick river, ii. 89. vii. 39. 
Mistick indians. v. 32. 
Mistick fight, gained by captain mason 

and others, over the pequots. viii. 

Mitchell, experience, a forefather, vii. 

138. 147. 148. x.57. 69. 
Mitchell, rev. Jonathan, of Cambridge, 

his character, i. 205. arrives, v. 

199. his death and character, vi. 

605. and epitaph. 606. viii. 98. 111. 

Mitchell, edward. vii. 143. 148. 

Mitchell, John. vii. 148. 
Mitchell, thomas. vii. 148. 
Mitchell, Jacob, vii. 148. 159. 
Mitchell, Jacob, vii. 148. 
Mitchell, thomas. vii. 148. 
Mitchell, experience, vii. 148. 
Mitchell, Jacob, iii. 208. 
Mitchell, col. edward. vii. 148. 151. 

Mitchell, rev. , of pembroke, 

new hampshire. iv. 78. 
Mitchell, nathan. vii. 160. 161. 
Mitche.U, elisha. vii. 160. 161. 
Mitchell, nahum. vii. 160. 161. 170. 

x. 191. 
Mitchell, daniel. vii. 160. 
Mitchell, nathan. vii. 160. 
Mitchell, cushing. vii. 148. 
Mitchell, asa. vii. 170. 
Mitchell, josiah-w. iv. 179. 
Mitchell, sylvanus-1. vii. 170. 

Mitchell, . iv. 179. 

Mithridates, that wonderful monument 

of philological research, by the ade- 

lungs, vater and humboldt, referred 

to. ix. 231. 232. by professor vater. 

x. 82. 102. 133. 150. 

Mitten, . vi. 529. 

Mobile river, ii. 15. 
Mobile bay. ii. 19. 27. 

Mocquages indians. vii. 81. 

Moffatt, john. iii. 119. 

Mogg, a mischievous indian, killed by 
lieut. tippin. vi. 632. 633. 

Mohegan indians, friendly to the en- 
glish. iv. 28. v. 14. about hud- 
son's river, v. 33. their place of 
residence, viii. 123. ix. 201. at 
war with the narragansets. 201. 

Mohegan indian language, rev. dr. ed- 
wards's observations on, with an. ad- 
vertisement by j. pickering, esq. x. 
81, et seq. (And see index, x. 155. 
158.) errours in, corrected. 83. 

Mohegon, or hudson's river, ix. 99. 

Molina, his excellent history of chili, 
referred to. ix. 229. 231. x. 120. 

Mohootset pond. iv. 272. meaning 
of the name. iv. 275. 

Mohawk indians. ii. 6. iv. 130. or 
moquawes, their league with the 
english. v. 33. 34. vi. 629. their 
number, etc. viii. 243. or maques. 
238. 239. or mawques. vi. 629. 
or maquas. ix. 236. language. 
See index, x. 155. 158. 

Mompesson, sir giles, a patentee of 
new england. v. 217. 

Monamoiet, or Chatham, iv. 228. 

Monckton, general, iii. 192. 194. 

Monchauset. iv. 265. 

Monchisses, its meaning, iv. 265. 

Money coined in massachusetts. i. 
(xi.) ii. 274. 

Monhegan, early place for fishing. 
v. 105. vi. 532. sir f. gorges has 
a plantation at. ix. 85. mutineers 
left by capt. rocraft stay a winter 
at. 9. 

Monhegan island, colony at. v. 36. 
which is broken up ; account of. 

Monimet, or back river, x. 47. 

Monk, george, innholder at boston, 
notice of. ii. 103. 

Monk's hill. iii. 163. 204. 

Monponset, now halifax, massachu- 
setts. iii. 164. 

Monponset pond. iii. 164. vii. 157. 
172. See moonponset pond. 

Monroe, . ii. 247. 

Monson. iv. 74. 

Monstreseur, capt. lieut. viii. 156. 

Montague's prairie, ii. 40. 

Montezuma, v. 27. 

Montgomery, general, ii. 237. 238. 
takes montreal; arrives at quebec, 



233. 329. attacks quebec 243. 

slain ; notice of. 246. 
Monthly anthology, i. 255. ii. 273. 
Months, their names changed, iii. 

Montreal, surrenders to gen. montgo- 

mery. ii. 238. earthquake at. iv. 

73. its donation to boston during 

its port bill. ix. 161. 
Mont's hill. iv. 163. 282. 
Montvernon, new hampshire, its min- 
isters and churches, viii. 178. 
Monumoy harbour, iii. 33. 
Moodey, mrs. of long island, assaulted 

by indians. vi. 346. 
Moody, John, accident of his servants. 

vii. P. 96. 
Moody, rev. joshua. ii. 101. of 

Portsmouth, vi. 608. 
Moody, capt. samuel, of saco ; his 

letter from father ralle. viii. 258. 

his letters to gov. shute about father 

ralle's exciting indians against mas- 

sachusetts. 265. 266. 
Moody, rev. John, of newmarket, new 

hampshire. iv. 78. 
Moody, rev. amos, of pelham, new 

hampshire. iv. 78. 
Moody, elizabeth. x. 179. 
Moody, william. iv. 169. 
Moody, moses-s. iv. 169. 
Moonponset pond. iv. 280. 281. 
Moonponset, its meaning, iv. 281. 

See monponset pond. 
Moore, george. iv. 224. 240. 
Moore, dr. of nova scotia. viii. 284. 
Moore, rev. solomon, of new boston, 

new hampshire. viii. 176. 
Moore, rev. Jonathan, of rochester, 

notice of difficulties with his peo- 
ple, iv. 262. 263. his manuscripts. 

iv. 264. x. 32. 
Moore, serjeant samuel. ii. 175. 
Moore, mary. x. 179. 
Moorhead, rev. John, of boston, viii. 

Moose, numerous in new england ; 

indian method of taking, at mount 

desert, ix. 19. 
Moose mountain, iii. 120. 
Moravians in new york. i. 149. 

their missionaries to indians. ii. 4. 

Morel, , intended to superin- 
tend the churches of new england. 

v. 87. opened his commission too 

soon. v. 88. 

Morrell, goodman. viii. 233. 
More's forge, vii. 172. 

Morey, . iv. 294. 

Morgan, , executed, ii. 102. 

Morgan, captain, ii. 230. 234. 236. 

239. 242. 244. 
Moria river, ii. 42. 
Morning exercises, continuation of, 

referred to. ii. 97. 
Morrice, william. vi.562. secretary 

of charles ii. his letter referred to. 

viii. 76. 79. 81 109. 
Morrill, rev. moses, of biddeford. iv. 


Morrill, rev. robie, of boscawen. x. 

Morrill, Joseph, of biddeford, his do- 
nation to boston during its port bill, 
ix. 159. 

Morris, serjeant richard, his pension 
from massachusetts. viii. 234. 

Morris, roger, esq. viii. 155. 

Morris, lieut. viii. 156. 

Morrison, John. x. 176. 

Morrison, rev. dr. robert, missionary 
at canton, viii. 167. x. 192. 

Morse, rev. asarelah, of tisbury. iii. 

Morse, sarah. x. 178. 

Morse, rev. dr. j. his new year's ser- 
mons referred to. ii. 169. 171. 173. 
178. 180. 181 . his report on indian 
affairs quoted, x. 152. 

Morse, leonard. iv. 179. 

Morse, samuel f. b. ii. 178. 

Morse, sidney-e. ii. 178. 

Morse, richard-c. ii. 178. 

Mortality of pilgrims, i. (xxii.) 

Mortimer, , of boston, ii. 103. 

Morton, george. v. 82 83. 

Morton, thomas, host of merry-mount, 
ii. 90. iv. 35. a master of misrule, 
a pettifogger of furnival's inn, cre- 
ates disturbances at mount wollas- 
ton. v. 103. 104. sent to england 
as a culprit; writes against new 
england ; dies at pascataqua. 
104. trial and punishment of. 137. 
141. complains of massachusetts 
colony to the king. 145. his rail- 
ing letter to gov. winthrop. 169. 
returns to new england, and is 
brought before the court, vi. 427. 
his letter against massachusetts peo- 
ple. 428. imprisoned and fined ; 
removes to agamenticus. 430. 662. 
sent prisoner to england ; his letters 



opened by the government of mas- 
sachusetts. vii. P. 30. his accusa- 
tions ao-ainstmassachusetts. P. 85. 
88. ° 

Morton, nathaniel, secretary of ply- 
mouth colony, his memorial quoted, 
i. 169. iii. 208. corrected, vii. P. 
83. 91. colony records referred to. 
iii. 178. iv. 86. 91. vii. 190. 
(prince's advertisement.) 

Morton, john. ii. 173. iv. 91. 

Morton, rev. charles, biography of. 
i. 158. of charlestown, his publica- 
tions. 160. of newington green, 
ii. 100. arrives. 115. described 
by dunton. 116. 

Morton, ephrairn. iii. 190. 

Morton, dr. ii. 115. 

Morton, John, schoolmaster at ply- 
mouth, iii. 173. 193. iv. 86. 90. 

Morton, josiah. iv. 293. 

Morton, nicholas. ii. 178. 

Morton, phebe. iii. 193. 

Morton, lieut. nathaniel. iv. 87. 

Morton,- . iv. 260. 284. 

Mosely, rev. elisha, of new gloucester. 
iv. 181. 

Moshasuck river, land near granted 
by canonicus to roger williams. ix. 

Moss, rev. Joseph, letter to dr. ma- 
ther requesting advice, books, &c. 
on the subject of the episcopal con- 
troversy in Connecticut, ii. 129. 
133. of derby, Connecticut, iv. 

Mossiour, , a puritan, vii. P. 


Mote, . iv. 249. 

Moulton, robert. vii. P. 29. viii. 

Moultonborough, new hampshire. iii. 

Moultrie, general, iii. 239. 249. 

Mounds, alden bradford's account of. 
i. 103. supposed to have been con- 
structed by madoc. ii. 36. 

Mount aldworth. iii. 80. 

Mount desert, or mount mansell. v. 

Mount hope. iii. 188. 

Mount independence, iii. 237. 

Mount feake. iii. 267. 268. 

Mount mansell, now mount desert, 
v. 15. viii. 115. the french dis- 
lodged from, by sir s. argall. ix. 5. 1 

indian method of taking moose at, 
which are numerous there. 19. 

Mount sod. iii. 75. 

Mount wollaston. iii. 285. or 
braintree, or merry-mount, difficul- 1 
ties and profaneness at. v. 102. 
104. people at, sell guns to in- 
dians ; desert the plantation. 104. 
vii. P. 66. 

Mountain hill. iii. 179. 

Mountain indians. ii. 43. 

Mountaineers indians, their residence 
and number, ii. 44. 

Mourt, george, author of mourt's re- 
lation, ix. 28. probably one of the 
merchant adventurers. 29. 

Mourt's relation of the beginning of 
the plantation of plymouth. ix. 26, 
et seq. parts left out from the 
abridgment contained in 8th massa- 
chusetts historical collections, first 
series, are restored. 34, et seq. 
a copy of, in the city library at Phi- 
ladelphia, of which a transcript is 
made under the care of mr. du 
ponceau. 26. quoted, iii. 183. 
a compilation by several hands, ix. 
28. 29. 73. 

Mouse river, ii. 42. 

Mover, william. viii. 107. 

Moxon, rev. , of Springfield, 

poetry on. viii. 4. 

Mr. stricken from a man's name by 
way of punishment, vii. P. 35. 

Muckquachuckquard, an indian deity, 
ii. 112. 

Muddy river, ii. 141. incorporated 
by the name of brookline. 145. 
iii. 203. 284. 285. iv. 101. vii. 
P. 66. 

Mud pond. iv. 193. 

Mud island, viii. 174. 

Muddy pond. iv. 268. 

Muhhekaneew. See mohegan. 

Muhlenburg, frederic-augustus, speak- 
er of the house of representatives in 
congress, viii. 316. 

Mulberries, i. (xxi.) 

Mumford, — . ii. 199. 

Mummy, found at cape cod by the 
first settlers at plymouth. ix. 35. 

Munhiggen. See monhegan. 

Munroe, dr. i. 108. 

Munroe, robert. viii. 46. 

Munroe, jedidiah. viii. 46. 

Munroe, ebenezer. viii. 46. 

Munroe, timothy, viii. 46. 



Munsey indians. ii. 6. 
Munster, city. iv. 15. 
Murdoch, john, of ply mouth, his be- 
quest to the poor and schools there. 

iii. 193. iv. 87. 89. 
Murdock, thomas. iii. 194. 

Murdock, . iv. 277. 

Murdock's ponds, iii. 181. 

Murray, . i. 138. 

Murray, general, ii. 237. quoted. 

x. 139. 
Muscle shoals, ii. 15. 
Muscogees, or middle creek indians, 

their language, ii. 18. 19. 
Musconogees indians ii. 11. 
Musick, sacred, anecdote about. iv. 

Muskeget. iii. 19. 34. island, its 

meaning, iii. 182. 
Musketaquid, or concord, settled, v. 

Muskoutings indians. viii. 251. 
Museum, anatomical, i. 117. 
Musquomacuck. vii. 75. 
Muzzey, isaac. viii. 46. 
Muzzy, Joseph, viii. 106. 
Myantonemo. See miantonemo. 
Myoxeo, an indian. vi. 657. 658. 
Mystick. See mistick. 


Nabadachies indians, their residence 

and number, ii. 24. 
Nagadoches. ii. 25. 
Nahant. See nehant. 
Nahigganset, why so called, vii. 75. 

See narraganset. 
Nails manufactured at bridgewater. 

vii. 176. 
Nain, on the coast of labrador, mora- 

vian establishment at. ii. 44. 
Namakaus indians, their residence, 

number, language, and warriours. 

ii. 29. 
Namaschet, submits to king of eng- 

land. ix. 68. kingdom of, in new 

england. 27. visited by plymouth 

people. 52. 
Namascheucks, an indian. ix. 52. 
Namasket, or namaschet, its indian 

relicks. iii. 178. iv. 268. 204. vii. 

142. 172. 
Namasket river, source of. x. 35. 
Namassachusett. vii. 137. 
Namassakeese river, iv. 227. 
Namaus, its meaning, iii. 169. 

Namauskeag river, iii. 169. 

Names variously spelled, i. 164. 

Nanahumas neck. iii. 33. 

Nanamesset. iii. 75.76. 

Nanda quees- indians, their residence 
and number, ii. 24. 

Nanepashemet, king of massachusetts 
indians, his hut and forts, ix. 58. 

Nanohigganset. See narraganset in- 

Nanrantsouak, or norridgewock. viii. 

Nantasket. iv. 282. a trading house 
established there by plymouth peo- 
ple, v. 102. its tax. vii. P. 31. 
a plantation and fort ordered to be 
begun there. P. 84. which is 
given over on examination ; suffer- 
ings of gov. winthrop and others at. 
P. 84. 

Nanton, sir robert. chief secretaiy of 
state, intended for plymouth colo- 
ny, v. 45. 

Nantucket, notes on. iii. 19. coun- 
ty of, how composed. 19. island 
of; light house and bearings ; ponds 
and wells. 21. climate compared 
with that of salem. 21. 22. soil. 
23. productions, plants, fruits, 
trees. 24. has no fire wood ; cat- 
tle and sheep ; common lands ; di- 
visions. 25. fish of superiour qual- 
ity ; town, dwelling houses, stores, 
&c. windmills. 26. buildings, ma- 
sonick hall, museum. 27. streets, 
price of house lots, number of in- 
habitants. 28. commerce and 
shipping. 28. 29. whale fishery 
crews, how paid. 29. manufac- 
tures. 31. diseases and longevity 
at. 31. 32. religious denomina- 
tions ; mostly quakers ; manners, 
customs, &c. 32. historical dates ; 
settlement of. 33. patent, confir- 
mation of. 37. former descriptions 
of, noticed. 37. 88. granted to 
duke of york ; purchased of earl of 
Stirling. 85. indians. 34. only 
8 remaining; attempts to convert; 
anecdotes and fables of 34. 36. 

Nantucket shoals, iv. 232. v. 172. 

Narlow, lieut. viii. 156. 

Narponset indians. v. 32. 

Narraganset bay. iii. 163. iv. 281. 
visited very early by frenchmen, ix. 
50. charter of. vii. 99. 100. Vide 
rhode island. 



Narraganset hill, tradition about, iii. 

Narranganset ; indians, mission to ; 
their school, ii. 47. or niantick in- 
dians. 66. iv. 28. number of their 
warriours. 42. are powerful, 
vi. 67. at war with the pequods ; 
waylay the commissioners of the 
pequods. 176. make peace with 
massachusetts. 254. conspire 

against massachusetts. 446. their 
plot against the english discovered. 
449. make peace with massachu- 
setts. 453. and others ; account 
of the proceedings of the english 
against, published by order of the 
commissioners. 454- sachems com- 
plain of the english. vii. 81. and 
mohiggans, battle between. 47. 
why called nahiganset. 75. make 
peace with massachusetts. 76. 
sometimes called king's province. 
92. 99. 100. 102. 105. 110. rea- 
sons why narraganset should be a 
part of rhode island, and not of 
Plymouth colony. 103. 105. 107. 
111. indians request to be under 
the jurisdiction of rhode island. 
108. claimed by Connecticut. 110. 
abandoned by inhabitants for fear 
of indians. 111. indians submit 
to king of england. 99. 105. and 
sell territory in narraganset. 99. 

105. sachems of, address the king. 

106. behaviour of the narragan- 
sets toward rhode island ; cause of 
their war ; provisions of charter 
touching war with. 111. manu- 
scripts relating to lands. 184. sell 
corn to massachusetts people. vii. 
P. 5. quarrel at swoams. P. 58. 
wars with the pequots ; sometimes 
called anygansets. P. 59. place 
of residence, viii. 122. an agent 
sent to, who prevents their joining 
the pequots. 123. indians join 
capt. mason against the pequots. 
136. indians' sacrifices at. ix. 93. 
suffered less by disease than other 
indians. 94. roger williams preach- 
es Christianity to, every month, 
which is listened to. 203. have 
4000 fighting men at the time of the 
first pequotwar; much influenced 
by roger williams. 177. 180. 181. 
submit to charles i. ; at war with 
the mohegans. 201 . are defeated, 

and their sachem, miantonimo, put 
to death. 202. forced to make 
peace by united colonies. 203. 
country, settlement begun. 198. 
place of residence of the narragan- 
sets. 235. indians, preparations 
made to war with. x. 59. 60. 
at the mouth of Connecticut 
river. v. 33. their government. 

Narraganset river, no such river 
known, vii. 107. 

Narrative of old planters, i. (xxix.) 
by j. scottow. iv. 104. 

Narrowbiggonset submits to king of 
england. ix. 68. 

Narrohiggonsetts, or narragansets. ix. 

Narrowgansits. See narraganset in- 

Narrows at wareham. iv. 287. 

Nash, samuel, his deposition. vii. 
142. 138. 139. x. 57. 66. 69. 

Nash, . vii. 123. 

Nashaun island, account of. iii. 75. 
76. soil and productions. 76. cheese 
and deer ; owned by hon. james 
bowdoin. 76. 77. iv. 252. 

Nashawenna island, iii. 77. 

Nashouohkamuck. iii. 88. 

Nashua river, vii. 66. 

Nashville, iv. 68. sufferings of first 
settlers, vii. 65. 

Nasitt. v. 54. 

Nason, rev. reuben, his account of 
freeport. iv. 176. ordained at free- 
port. 181. 

Nassowanno, lawrence, an Indian, 
i. 180. 

Natardin, or catardin mount, descrip- 
tion of. viii. 112. 116. indian su- 
perstition about. 116. 

Natasket, taxed £1 out of £50 in mas- 
sachusetts. vii. P. 1. See nantas- 

Natawanute, a great sachem of Con- 
necticut river, vii. P. 95. 

Natches, indian, language, ii. 18. 

Natchitoches, ii. 23. 24. indians. 26. 

Natick indians, lecture to. ii. 108. 
visited and described by j. dunton. 
108. 115. manner of living ; de- 
scription of queen ; government mo- 
narchical. 109. authority of king; 
revenue, &c. nobility. 110. pun- 
ishments among. 111. religion. 



111. 112. pay homage to certain 
creatures, in which they suppose 
some deity to be lodged. 112. 
account of priests ; notions of a fu- 
ture state. 113. squaws ; much 
benefited by rev. j. eliot ; cove- 
nant, as drawn by rev. j. eliot. 114. 
conversion of; early had six church- 
es and eighteen assemblies of Cate- 
chumens. 115. manner of burial ; 
blacken their faces in time of 
mourning. 122. assist the english. 
vi. 634. many of them christians. 

Nattawahunt. v. 61. 

Natural history, lectures on. i. 118. 
professorship of, instituted at har- 
vard university, x. 165. 

Nauduwassies. See sioux. ii. 39. 

Nauhaud, widow, indian. iii. 6. 

Nauhaut, deacon elisha. iii. 17. 

Naumkeag, or naumkeek. i. (iv.) now 
salem. ii. 163. indians at. v. 32. 
a few people early at. 102. plant- 
ers arrive at; named salem. 112. 

Nausamund, in Virginia, ix. 119. 

Nauset, kingdom of, in new england. 
ix. 27. 53. submits to king of eng- 
land. 68. iii. 220. visited by ply- 
mouth people, ix. 53. 

Naushon island, iii. 16. See nashaun 

Navigation, english acts of, are observ- 
ed in massachusetts for some time, 
viii. 71. 

Navy yard at charlestown. ii. 174. 

Neal, captain, agent at pascata- 
qua. v. 89. agent of sir f. gorges 
and others, arrives in the ship war- 
wick at pascataqua, to find out the 
great lake. 137. vii. P. 7. 30. 73. 88. 
letter about pirates, v. 160. 216. 
searches for laconia and returns, 
" non est inventa provincia." 217. 

Neal, rev. daniel, his account of inde- 
pendants alluded to. i. 167. quot- 
ed, iv. 233. mentioned, v. (v.) 

Needham, topographical description 
of. i. 178. mills, meadows and 
brooks. 179. hills, produce, etc. 180. 

Neensquaes, its meaning, ix. 55. 

Nehant, (nahant,) shipwreck at. vii. 
P. 20. 

Nelson, horatio, anecdote of. iii. 195. 

Nemausin indians. ii. 38. 

Nepeof, an indian sachem, x. 55. 
VOL. X. 43 

Nepess lake. ii. 35. 

Neponset river, vii. 117. 142. 

JNetop, an indian word, signifying 
friend, ii. 119. 

Newbury, waiter, viii. 182. 183. 

Newbury, i. (ix.) tenth church gath- 
ered at, presbyterian. iii. 114. 
number of inhabitants. 145. v. 17. 
indians at. 32. settled. 158. vii. 
12. 126. petition to massachusetts 
general court against disloyalty, 
and in favor of appeasing charles ii., 
and the names of the petitioners, 
viii. 105. 106. 

Newbury falls, v. 32. 

Newburyport, humane society of. i. 

Newcastle, delaware. vi. 675. 

Newcomen, John, murdered, vii. P. 2. 

Newell, capt. eliphalet. ii. 175. 

Newgate, John. x. 24. 

Newichawannicke, assigned to capt. 
mason, v. 224. saw mill at, set up 
by capt. mason. 225. 

Newington, new hampshire. iv. 71. 

Newman, francis, governour of new- 
haven, vi. 330. commissioner to 
the dutch at new york. vi. 547. 
his death. 557. covenant signed in 
his barn. vii. 129. 

Newman, rev. samuel. vii. 10. his 
concordance. 187. 

Newman, rev. noah, of rehoboth. iv. 
84. 245. 

Newman, mrs. iv. 84. 

Newman, thomas. viii. 107. 

Newman, rev. John, of edgartown. iii. 
71. 72. 

Newmarch, John, viii. 107. 

Newmarch, elizabeth. x. 177. 

Newspapers at plymouth. iii. 177. 
in hillsborough county, new hamp- 
shire, account of. vii. 71. 

Newport, capt. comes out to Vir- 
ginia with people and provisions, 
who build Jamestown, viii. 203. 
204. 208. 

Newport, rhode island, church at, re- 
fuse to receive messengers from bos- 
ton church, vi. 340. vii. 103. 
rev. mr. dark's church at, sends 
disputants to argue in favour of ana- 
baptists, at the publick dispute at 
boston, viii. 112. planted, ix. 181. 
182. a man tried and condemned 
to death at one of its town meet- 
ings. 184. 



Newton pond. iii. 51.58. 

Newtown, long island, vi. 669. 

Newtown, or nonantum, afterwards 
Cambridge, ii. 141. iii. 136. set- 
tled, v. 136. 158. people of, pro- 
pose to remove to Connecticut with 
rev. mr. hooker; debates and fast 
about removal. 172. 175. quarrel 
with watertown people about a 
piece of meadow. 177. college 
founded at, by rev. John harvard. 
237. name changed to Cambridge, 
and harvard college established 
there, vii. 27. made the seat of 
government. P. 8. canal to, from 
charles river, P. 31. governour, 
deputy governour and assistants 
agree to build a town there for a 
seat of government. P. 8. 36. dif- 
ficulties about building ; first minis- 
ter, rev. mr. hooker. P. 36. a tax 
laid in massachusetts for a palisado 
at. P. 56. tax. P. 57. braintree 
company removes to, by order of 
general court. P. 66. first meet- 
ing house erected at, with a bell. 
P. 75. tax. P. 85. tax. 230. 
See Cambridge. 

New bedford, vaccination at. i. 125. 
notes on. iii. 18. 

New boston, new hampshire, account 
of ministers and churches, viii. 
176. 177. 

New Chester pond. iii. 110. 

New england, forefathers of, notions 
of government, i. (viii.) firmness, 
(xxix.) discipline of churches. 200. 
description of, by capt. smith, al- 
luded to. (xx.) first settlers of, at- 
tached to military affairs, (xxix.) 
church officers, how to act. ii. 54. 

'■ the cause of its settlement. 50. 52. 
rules of conduct among first set- 
tlers. 55. condemn prelacy. 58. 
history of, by edward Johnson. 49. 
account of, in the life and errours of 
John dunton. 100. first planters of, 
well situated in england ; embark 
at Southampton. 74. contempt of 
worldly advantages. 75. farewell 
of their friends in england. 75. 77. 
prayers for old england ; passage to 
america costs £12,000. 77. ma- 
terials brought with them £18,000 ; 
artillery, arms, and powder, &c. 
£22,000 ; costs of their expedition 
£192,000 ; whole costs as much 

more. 78. preservation through 
the ocean. 79. approach the coast 
of new england. 80. discover land. 
81. perils of voyage. 84. courage 
of the women; children born during 
the voyage. 85. laws against im- 
morality severe. 100. has prayers 
on training days. 107. towns sup- 
plied with ministers & schools. 193. 
foundation of churches, iii. 128. 
attacked by combined indians. 86. 
sufferings of first settlers. 130. 132. 
133. ships bring provisions to. 134. 
first planting of. 123. relieved by 
provisions from ireland. 138. en- 
gagement with the french of Cana- 
da. 256. manner of living among 
first settlers, and their sufferings. 
124. 125. first settlers meet with 
opposition, iv. 4. 20. government 
and doctrine of churches. 19. 20. 
civil government. 21. 22. the re- 
sort of sick foreigners. 102. "new 
england : s jonas cast up at london." 
107. history of, by rev. william 
hubbard, vols. 5 and 6 ; prefato- 
ry notice of hubbard 's history, v. 
(iii.) discovery of. 8. named by 
capt. smith. 13. originally a part 
of Virginia. 13. 14. situation, 
bounds and rivers. 14. air and 
climate. 19. winters. 20. indians 
have no records. 26. difficulties 
and opinions about their origin. 27. 
language of new england indians 
unlike any in the eastern world. 
27. 28. dispositions are kind, but 
revengeful ; treacherous, quick of 
apprehension. 28. idle ; drudgery 
performed by females ; the several 
nations of; their government abso- 
lute. 30. food. 31. fertility of 
soil. 22. indigenous fruits ; wild 
grapes ; winter grain would not 
grow in. 23. medicinal springs, 
trees and herbs. 24. animals and 
birds. 25. first planting of; made 
a colony separate from Virginia ; 
settled by patentees of west of eng- 
land. 35. colony sent to, by sir 
John popham. 36. indians carried 
off by a pestilence just before the 
arrival of plymouth colony. 51. 54. 
indian chiefs acknowledge king 
ja.mes. 60. 61 . disappoints the 
adventurers. 87. first given 
by prince charles to the cities of 



bristol, exeter, and town of ply- 
mouth in the west of england. 84. 
new planters arrive. 111. patent. 
114. subscriptions made for send- 
ing a colony to. 121. 122. paten- 
tees of, grant to plytnouth people 
sole liberty of trading at kenne- 
beck. 167. attempted division of, 
defeated. 180. president and coun- 
cil of, in england, grant parts about 
pascataqua to sir f. gorges and oth- 
ers. 213. grand charter. 217.219. 
sir f. gorges and capt. mason at- 
tempt to divide it into twelve pro- 
vinces, under one general govern- 
our. 227. 229. great city in, pro- 
posed by gorges and mason, to con- 
tain 40,000 acres. 229. 230. peti- 
tion of patentees, about to relin- 
quish their charter. 230. 231. 
agreement about capt. mason's 
boundaries. 231. copy of a com- 
mission for regulating, from lords of 
council. 264. patent ordered to 
be forthcoming in england. 268. 
suspicions that it intended to throw 
off allegiance. 272. colonies form 
a confederation. vi. 320. early 
manner of ordaining in churches. 
409. advice to churches by assem- 
bly of divines at Westminster. 409. 
reasons of confederation. 465. ar- 
ticles of confederation. 467. plague, 
or pestilential- fever, prevails in. 
531.532. platform of discipline of 
churches. 537. epidemick cough 
prevails through. 554. disputes 
about baptism, &c. 587. further 
disputes about baptism, church go- 
vernment, &c. 601. 602. mode of 
settling difficulties in churches. 
608. 609. right to soil in, to be de- 
termined where the land lies. 620. 
troubled by indians. 629. success 
of the gospel among indians. 649. 
660. mortality among indians. 656. 
mildew in. 642. list of ships that 
arrive at, in 1630. vii. P. 10. uni- 
ted colonies of, send troops against 
canonicus's sons. viii. 2. 3. John- 
son's poetry on, touching some of 
its sins, accidents, leading men, etc. 
22, et post. ; dress and habits of in- 
dians. 27. 28. indians instructed 
by rev. messrs. wilson, eliot, may- 
hew and leveridge. 29. new lights 
in, very early, produced by some 

uncommon appearances of the sun. 
9. account of indian troubles by in- 
crease mather, referred to. 125. " a 
brief relation of the discovery and 
plantation of," to the year 1622. 
ix. 1. cause of publication. 2. 3. 
president and council of, in eng- 
land, their dedication to the " brief 
relation," &c. 1. capt. challons 
sent on discovery to. 3. capt. 
popham and r. gilbert sent to begin 
a plantation in. 3. 4. colony re- 
turns to england; project of plant- 
ing relinquished. 4. french begin 
a plantation, dislodged by sir s. ar- 
gall ; voyage of discovery under 
capt. hobson and others. 5. indians 
sold by hunt for slaves; indians 
attempt to revenge the conduct of 
hunt on capt. hobson's ship. 6. 
capt. John smith, with capt. dar- 
mer, sent on an unsuccessful voyage 
to lay the foundation of a plantation 
in. 7. capt. rocraft, sent to aid 
capt. darmer, unsuccessful. 8. 9. 
capt. darmer, with tasquantum, 
sent to new england, visits all the 
coast, as far as Virginia. 10. 11. 
15. climate of. 17. produce, 
woods, fish, wild fowl, deer and 
moose. 18. indians are tractable, 
unless abused. 18. method among 
indians of taking moose ; commo- 
dities, furs, vines, hemp, flax, tim- 
ber, etc. 19. trade to. 20. pro- 
posed form of government for. 21. 
22. general laws to be passed by 
the planters ; to be divided into 
baronies, hundreds, &c. ; to choose 
deputies. 22. trade with Virginia 
colony. 116. good news from, or 
winslow's relation of things remark- 
able at the plantation of plymouth. 
74. climate and soil ; profits of 
english, dutch and french trade to. 
100. 101. united colonies of, force 
the narragansets to make peace 
with the mohegins. 202. 203. in- 
dian nations in, at first settle- 
ment, names and number 235. 
indian wars in, in 1675, 1676. x. 

New england medical journal, i. 120. 

New england courant, quoted, viii. 

New england's memorial, by morton, 
quoted, i. 169. 



New england prospect, by wood, re- 
ferred to. iv. 296. 

New england annals, by prince, vii. 

New england library, vii. 180. 181. 

Newfoundland, capt. whitbourne's 
book about, viii. 223. 224. names 
of some who undertook to advance 
the settlement of. 225. 227. capt. 
mason, governour of a plantation 
at. ix. 7. 8. capt. darmer there. 

New-found meadows, iv. 284. 

New hampshire, catalogue of minis- 
ters in 1767. iv. 78. ministers in 
1741 ; number of inhabitants and 
soldiers in 1767 and 1815. 79. 
first planting of. v. 213. divided 
into five counties, vii. 65. first 
government formed, vii. (prince's 
advertisement.) formerly claimed 
from Connecticut river to lake 
champlain. ix. 123. donations 
made by towns in, to boston, during 
its port bill. 159. 164. sketches 
of ministers and churches. 367. 
churches and ministers. x. 54. 
instances of longevity in. 176. 
New harbour marsh, iv. 224. 
New haven, town of. i. (ix.) notice 
of, by d. wooster ; situation, ii. 
217. harbour, trade, shipping and 
produce. 218. called dead (red ? ) 
hills, vi. 323. or quillipiuk, first 
planted. 317. 318. colony of, be- 
comes a part of Connecticut under 
the charter. 311. 331. towns in. 
319. government. 320. have no 
juries. 320. 332. character of 
settlers ; purchases lands in dela- 
ware. 321. loss of ship. 321.322. 
difficulties with the dutch and in- 
dians. 322. laws in print. 323. 
sickness and fever and ague at. 
324. 325. proposals to remove from, 
to ireland, &c. 326. mistakes of 
founders. 332. 333. people pur- 
chase of delaware indians. 380. 
disturbed by the dutch. 432. set- 
tled by commissioners. 435. trad- 
ing house at delaware burnt by 
the dutch. 434. further difficul- 
ties with the dutch. 521. one of 
its ships, with many passengers of 
distinction on board, lost at sea. 
527. quarrel with the dutch at 
manhatoes. 545. quarrel settled. 

549. capture french forts at st. 
John's. 549. fourth colony of new 
england, planted, account of. vii. 
6. 8. becomes a part of Connecti- 
cut colony under the charter of 
charles ii. ix. 124. 125. colony, 
settled by mr. eaton, rev. j. daven- 
port and others. 175. 

New holderness, new hampshire, ac- 
count of. iii. 113. boundaries, 
soil, and productions. 114. mills, 
distillery and schools. 115. char- 
ter, episcopal church, inhabitants, 
baptisms, marriages and deaths. 

New ipswich academy, vii. 70. 

New jersey, account of attempts to 
abolish slavery there, viii. 184. 193. 
donations made by towns in, to bos- 
ton, during its port bill. ix. 160. 

New kent. i. 80. 

" New life of virginea." viii. 199. 

New lights in new england very early 
produced by some uncommon ap- 
pearances of the sun. viii. 9. 

New london, new hampshire, note on, 
by j. farmer, viii. 173. 175. situ- 
ation and boundaries, rivers and 
brooks, lake and ponds. 173. 174. 
soil, village, shops, meeting house, 
school houses, mills, etc. 174. 175. 
population; formerly called heidle- 
burg ; history ; first settlers; incor- 
poration. 175. 

New london, Connecticut, situation, 
harbour, trade, and shipping. ii. 

219. 220. produce and manufac- 
tures; imports exceed exports. 

220. v. 19. 

New mexico. ii. 23. 28. 29. 

New netherlands, an early name of 
new york. See new york 

New plymouth. See plymouth colo- 
New rochelle. i. 141. 

New paltz. i. 141. 

New Somersetshire, or province of 
maine. v. 261. 

New stockbridge indians ; schools, ii. 
6. 47. or mohegans, observations 
on. x. 86. 

New wales, name proposed for Penn- 
sylvania, vii. 186. 

New york, state of religious liberty in. 
i. 140. discovered and settled ; 



called new netherlands. 140. in- 
habitants in 1771. 147. denomi- 
nations of christians in. 146. col- 
lege at. 152. instructions of go- 
vernour about conversion of ne- 
groes and indians. 154. acts of, 
respecting the support of episcopa- 
cy. 153. administration of oaths. 
153. missionary society, ii. 15. 
" state of religious liberty in," no- 
tice respecting author. 270. grant- 
ed to the duke of york. Hi. 85. 
origin of name ; surrendered by 
dutch to commissioners of duke of 
york. v. 15. fort surprised and 
taken by monsieur colve. vi. 611. 
667. formerly called new nether- 
lands. 666. plymouth pilgrims 
from leyden intend to settle at, but 
are fraudulently prevented. 666. 
667. surrenders to the english, 
under col. nichols , king's commis- 
sioner. 667. the town described. 

670. houses, trade, &c. 669. 670. 

671. numbers, &c. of indians in 
alliance with. viii. 243. 245. his- 
torical collections referred to. x. 

Niantick indians. ii. 66. or narragan- 
sets. iv. 28. 42. vi. 448. 

Nichols, judge, in the time of queen 
elizabeth. vii. P. 12. 

Nichols, col. richard, sent with sir. r. 
carr, george cartwright, and s. ma- 
verick, king's commissioners, iv. 
102. from charles ii. vi. 577. 
596. 598. 665. 674. arrives at new 
york. vi. 311. 584. of which he 
effects the surrender to the english. 
667. their commission compared, 
viii. 52. papers presented to mas- 
sachusetts general court by them. 

55. suspected by massachusetts 
of being sent to raise £5000 and 
12d. per acre on its improved lands. 

56. the reasons and objects for 
which they were sent. 57. 58. 
letter from massachusetts general 
court, accusing them of a breach of 
its patent. 63. letter from massa- 
chusetts general court denying 
charges of injury to narraganset and 
other indians. 63. letter from 
massachusetts general court object- 
ing to their power of holding ap- 
peals from massachusetts. 67. let- 1 
ter from massachusetts general | 

court about messrs. whalley and 
goffe being at large in massachu- 
setts. 67. petition from gorton 
and others, setting forth their arrest, 
trial, losses, etc. 68. answer from 
massachusetts general court about 
the observance of the acts of navi- 
gation. 71. answer from massa- 
chusetts general court about go- 
vernment, religious laws, militia, 
forts and ships. 71. 72. demand 
whether they should be acknow- 
ledged as a court of appeals, etc. 
74. 79. their answer from massa- 
chusetts general court. 80. sum- 
mons to joshua scottow about the 
case of the charles of oleron. 82. 
require alterations in the laws of 
massachusetts. 87. notified that 
the case of the charles of oleTon is 
to be heard before massachusetts 
general court. 88. 89. remonstrate. 
89. 90. conference with a com- 
mittee of massachusetts general 
court about appeals. 91. 92. a 
brief narrative of their negotia- 
tion with massachusetts. 92. 96. 
except col. nichols, return from 
manhattoes to boston. 95. re- 
quire all the freemen of massachu- 
setts to be present at boston. 95. 
96. go to plymouth, Warwick, and 
pettasquamsuck, from which issue 
divers warrants, etc. 96. See com- 
missioners from charles ii. &c. 

Nichols, moses, of amherst, new hamp- 
shire, notice of. ii. 252. 

Nichols, rev. ichabod, of portland. iv. 

Nichols, benjamin-r. x. 191. 

Nicholas, edward. viii. 55. 

Nicholson, Joseph, and jane his wife, 
quakers, sentenced to death, but 
suffered to leave the colony, vi. 

Nickanoose. iii. 33. 

Nickisipigue lake. iv. 130. 

Nickles, John. viii. 46. 

Nickols, John, a counsellor at law in 
england. i. 117. 

Nickotawance, sachem of Virginia, be- 
comes tributary to the king of eng- 
land ; his visit to Jamestown, ix. 

Nicolson, capt. ii. 261. 

Niff, mary, captured by indians. iv. 



Niger, frigate, attacks plymouth. iii. 

Niles, rev. samuel, of ab'mgton. vii. 
120. 121. iii. 201. 

Nimrod, british gun brig. iv. 251. 

Ninigret. v. 33. sachem of the nar- 
ragansets, raises troubles against 
the english. vi. 465. or ninicrete, 
or ninicraft. 546. or ninegrad. vii. 
P. 59. or nynigrett, sachem of the 
nianticks. viii. 131. 148. 

Nipegon. See winnebago. 

Nipnet indians. v. 33. 

Nippenicket pond. See nunketest. 

Nishokken, a natick indian, part of 
his sermon on genesis viii. 20. 21. 
vi. 653. 

Nock, ann. x. 179. 

Noddle, william, sworn a freeman, 
vii. P. 29. 

Noddle, , drowned, .vii. P. 63. 

Noddle's island, i. 123. ii. 86. origin 
of its name. vii. P. 29. 

Nohone island, v. 38. 

Nolichucky river, in east tennessee. 
vii. 59. 

Noman's land. iii. 43. 63. 70. account 
of. 79. 

Nonantum, or newtown. ii. 141. 

Nonconformist's oath, a poem. iv. 

Nonconformists and separatists, differ- 
ence between, v. 118. 

Nonconformists, five silenced in one 
day, and fifteen in another, by bishop 
dove. vii. P. 51.52. 

Noosnippi, its meaning, iv. 275. 

Noosup, its meaning, iv. 275. 

Nope, or martha's vineyard, iii. 89. 

Norridgewock. ii. 231 . indian fort, 
chapel, and father ralle's grave at. 
231. father ralle and indians kill- 
ed at, by capt. harmon and his 
troops, viii. 245. or nanrantsouak. 

Norridgewock indians. iv. 130. war 
declared against, by massachusetts. 
viii. 254. village captured and ma- 
ny killed by massachusetts troops. 
254. 255. father ralle's intercepted 
letter giving an account of their 
expeditions against the english. 

Norris, rev. edward. iv. 157. ordained 
at salem. v. 276. vi. 386. 

Norris, . iv. 294. 

•, of gardiner's town. 

North, - 

North american indians, society for 
propagating the gospel among, ac- 
count of. ii. 45. 46. incorporated. 

North american indian languages, ob- 
servations on, by j. pickering, esq. 
ix. 223. their classes. 233. 

Northampton, settled in consequence 
of difficulties in the churches of 
hartford, etc. vi. 316. liberty 
granted for settling. 543. 

Northampton, new hampshire. iv. 
72. sketch of, by rev. j. french ; 
incorporated. 189. formerly north 
hill ; schools and social library ; 
houses, families, and mills. 190. 
ecclesiastical history. 191. church 
records lost. 192. 

North Carolina, its want of ministers, 
ii. 193. 

Northfield, or squakhet. v. 18. 

North hill. i. 180. 

North hill, or northampton, new 
hampshire. iv. 190. 

North kingston, rhode island, r. 
smith's trading house at. ix. 198. 

North pond, in plainfield. viii. 167. 

North river, massachusetts. iv. 220. 
222. 224. 226. 227. 280. vii. 117. 
176. ferry, x. 62. 69. bridge, iv. 

Northumberland, duke of. vi. 349. 

North Virginia, v. 12. 

Northwood. iv. 71. 

Norton, rev. John, of ipswich, per- 
suades the church of boston to give 
lip their opposition to the synod at 
Cambridge, i. 196. a great divine, 
ii. 260. arrives, iii. 140. preaches at 
ipswich. 148., iv. 104. settled there, 
v. 274. at boston ; sent to england 
to represent the loyalty of massa- 
chusetts to charles ii. vi. 576. his 
death. 602. answers the " sylloge 
questionum " of rev. apollonius ; 
his character. 640. 641. viii. 53. 
55. 56. > 

Norton, francis. iv. 25. vii. 55. 

Norton john, of salem. viii. 106. 

Norton, john, of ipswich. viii. 107. 

Norton, freegrace. viii. 107. 

Norton, william. viii. 107. 

Norton, h. a quaker, banished ply- 
mouth colony, x. 70. 

Norton, professor andrews. x. 162. 



Norton, . iii. 66. 80. iv. 261. 

vii. 123. 

Norton, capt. waiter. vii. P 4. 
sworn a freeman. P. 29. 

Norton's sound, ii. 43. 

Norumbega, or Virginia, v. 13. 

Norwich, v. 19. 

Nott, rev. dr. eliphalet, president of 
union college, viii. 167. x. 192. 

Nova francia. v. 12. 14. 

Nova guena. v. 27. 

Nova scotia, assigned by sir w. alex- 
ander, afterwards earl of Stirling, 
v. 89. surrendered by treaty of 
charles i. to france. vii. P. 78. 
first congregational or dissenting 
ordination, viii. 281. c. gannett's 
account of ecclesiastical affairs. 
282. 283. the french dislodged 
from, by sir s. argall ; granted by 
the king of england to sir w. alex- 
ander ; a plantation at. ix. 5. 

Eovum belgium. v. 13. 

Howell, alexander, dean of st. paul's. 
vii. P. 14. 

Nowell increase, iii. 132. iv. 110. 
114. assistant, v. 122. 124. teach- 
ing elder, and afterwards appointed 
to civil office. 185. 186. vi. 506. 
546. vii. 41.129. P. 1. 3. 5. 6. viii. 
97. 229. secretary of massachu- 
setts. vii. 190, (prince's adver- 
tisement.) assistant. P. 5. 21. 
23. 27. 30. 31. 32. 34. 35. 38. 58. 
60. 61. 63. 65. 66. 68. 69. 71. 72. notice of. P. 14. 
a principal man at charlestown. P. 
14. appointed to prophecy in boston. 
P. 25. 

Nowell, james. vii. P. 64, " correc- 

Nowell, samuel. ii. 177. viii. 180. 

Nowell, alexander. ii. 177. 

Noyes, rev. james, of newbury. iii. 
144. his book referred to. iv. 

Noyes, nicholas. viii. 106. 

Noyes, rev. nicholas, of salem, describ- 
ed by dunton. ii. 118. 

Noyes, oliver. x. 27. 

Noyes, rev. nathaniel, of South- 
ampton, new hampshire. iv. 78. 

Noyes, rev. thomas, quoted, x. 141. 

Noyes, daniel. vii. 170. 

Number 7, necessary to constitute a 
church, ii. 71. 

Nunketest, or nunketetest, river, vii. 

146. 171. 
Nunketest pond. vii. 147. or nip- 

penicket pond. 171. 
Nutten island, new york harbour, vi. 

Nye, rev. philip, one of the assembly 

of divines at Westminster, vi. 534. 

vii. 188. 
Nye, thomas. vii. 188. 


iv. 260. 294. 


Oak, remarks on the cultivation of, by 
general benjamin lincoln. i. 187. 

Oakes, rev. urian, president of har- 
vard college, vii. 165. 

Oakes, thomas. x. 25. 26. 27. 

Oakes, dr. of boston, described by j. 
dunton. ii. 105. 

Oakman's ferry, iv. 230. 

Oath taken by bacon, i. 45. ten- 
dered to gloucester men. 56. of 
a nonconformist, a poem. iv. 104. 
of freemen, form of. 114. 

Oaths, acts about, in new york. i. 
153. persons scrupulous about 
taking, permitted to " engage " in 
rhode island, vii. 95. 96. 

Obbatinewat, sachem at massachusetts 
bay, submits to king james. ix. 57. 

Obbatinna. v. 61. 

Obquamhud. v. 61. 

Oby river, origin of the name. vii. 63. 

Odlin, John, his deposition about 
blackstone's sale. iv. 202. 203. 

Odlin, rev. woodbridge, of exeter, new 
hampshire. iv. 78 

Offences, one hundred, presented to 
the first grand jury of massachu- 
setts. v. 159. 

Officers of massachusetts historical so- 
ciety, i. 13. military, in massachu- 
setts, how chosen, vii. 55. 56. 

Ogden, major, wounded, ii. 246. 

Oglethorpe, . ii. 188. 

Ohio, territory of. i. 186. claimed by 
indians. ii. 3. 

Ohio river, ii. 15. 

Oil, price of, at nantucket. iii. 29. 
imported early into new england. 
vi. 379. 



Olcott, rev. bulkley, of charlestown 
new hampshire. iv. 78. 

Old colony. (See plymouth colony, 
lands in, purchased of indians. vii. 

Oldham, john, seditious, expelled from 
plymouth colony, v. 92. his cha- 
racter. 94. 107. his man acciden- 
tally shoots men training at water- 
town, vii. P. 63. his house burnt 
at watertown. P. 66. visits Con- 
necticut ; killed by the pequods. 
v. 93. 169. 170. 176. 248. 250. viii. 
123. discovery of his murder, v. 
249. vii. P. 60. said to have been 
killed by the narragansets. viii. 131. 

Oldham, thomas. iv. 241. 

" Old herring wear " in scituate. iv. 

Oldmixon, . i. (xxx.) 

Old town, martha's vineyard, iii. 39. 
48. or edgartown, account of. 70. 
its dwellings, ships, &c. 70. 71. 

Old town harbour, iii. 56. bearings of. 
40. 48. 58. 70. 

Old colony club, its coat of arms. iii. 

•' Old comers." x. 63. 

Old men's tears, a book by j. scottow. 
iv. 102. 

Old planters' narrative, by j. scottow. 
i. (xxix.) iv. 104. 

Old south church, boston, account of 
books deposited by, in massachu- 
setts historical society's library, 
vii. 179. 180. used by british as a 
riding school, vii. 180. 

Oleron, the ship charles of, trial about, 
iv. 102. 

Oliver, thomas. iii. 285. elder, of 
boston, v. 188. vii. P. 69. sworn 
a freeman. P. 92. ordained ruling 
elder at boston. P. 73. his son 
killed by accident in felling trees on 
boston neck. P. 83. 

Oliver, john. vi. 340. vii. P. 70. dis- 
franchised, x. 24. 

Oliver, peter, iii. 285. 

Oliver james. iii. 285. 

Oliver, nathaniel. x. 26. 

Oliver, dr. james. i. 107. iv. 93. 

Oliver, andrew. x. 28. 

Oliver, judge peter, visits president 
stiles, ii. 260. his manuscript of 
hubbard's history. 260.283. resid- 
ed in middleborough ; his pursuits, 

character and portrait, iii. 169. 
manuscript of hubbard's history, 
copied by his own hand. v. (vi.) 

Oliver, dr. peter, iii. 286. his letter to 
g. eliot. 288. 

Ollyver, thomas. See oliver, thomas. 

Olney, thomas. vii. 93. ix. 170, 

Omikoues indians. viii. 251. 

Omsted, nicholas. viii. 139. 

Oneida indians, their schools, ii. 47. 
their number, etc. viii. 244. 

Onion, mrs. of roxbury,dies in despair, 
vi. 423. 

Onions, wild, early found in new ens- 
land, iii. 130. 

Onkatomka island, iii. 75. 

Onkos, or uncas. viii. 133. 

Onnaquege. iv. 275. 

Onondagua, or onundawgoes iridiari3 r 
their number, etc. viii. 244. 

Oorieleshka. ii. 43. 

Opachancano, or opechankenow, ia- 
dian emperour in Virginia, ix. 78. 
captured by sir william berkeley, 
governour, and dies. iii. 117. 

Opinion, of sir william jones, on the 
grants made by the council at ply- 
mouth. vi. 617. 

Oppelousas indians, their number and 
residence, ii. 26. 27. 

Orach plant, iii. 24. 

Orchards in massachusetts. vii. 37. 

Orcutt, . vii. 155. 

Orcutt, . vii. 123. 

Ordination, presbyterian, validity of, 
doubted • ii. 130. the necessity of, 
denied by certain baptists at 
charlestown. ii. 172. early man- 
ner of, in new england. vi. 409. 
vii. 42. of pastor and elder at bos- 
ton, vii. P. 73. the first dissent- 
ing in nova scotia. viii. 281. 

Ord, capt. viii. 156. 

Ordway, rev. nehemiah, first minister 
of middletown, new hampshire. iii. 

Orme, robert, his account of brad- 
dock's defeat, with a list of british 
and american officers killed and 
wounded, viii. 153. 157. 

Orr, hugh. vii. 160. 161. 176. 

Orr, hector, vii. 170. 

Osegah indians, their residence, num- 
ber and warriours. ii. 42. 

Osgood, mary, her confessions about 



witchcraft to dr. i. mather. iii. 

Osgood, rev. james, of wenhani. viii. 

Osgood, rev. dr. david, his sermon be- 
fore ancient and honourable artille- 
ry company, ii. 180. 

Osgood, joshua-b. iv. 169. 

Osgood, isaac. iv. 169. 

Osgood, thomas. ii. 181. 

Osooit, zachary, indian preacher at 
gay head. iii. 13. 17. 

Ossage river, ii. 23. 

Ossage indian tribes, character, num- 
ber, residence, warrioursand annui- 
ty ; cede lands to the united states, 
ii. 31. 

Ossamequin. See ousamaquin. 

Otash, sachem of narragansets. viii. 

Otis, John, of scituate. iv. 228. 242. 
248. vii. 122. 

Otis, james, jun. x. 29. 

Otis, samuel-a. hi. 167. 249. clerk 
of united states senate, viii. 316. 

Ottagaumies indians, their number and 
annuity, ii. 9. 

Ottawas indians, their number, war- 
riours and annuity, ii. 11. 12. 

Ottawas river, ii. 10. 11. 

Otter pond. viii. 174. 

Otter creek, ix. 123. 125. 126. 

Otters at mashpee. *iii. 2. 

Ottoos, indians. ii. 10. their num- 
ber and language. 32. 

Ouchee indian language, ii. 18. 

Oufiougulas indians. ii. 15. 

Ouiscousing river, ii. 10. 

Oukehaee indian language, ii. 18. 

Ousamaquin, quarrel with canonicus 
and rneantinomy. vii. 75. 76. sa- 
chem, his deed of duxbury. 139. 
sachem of pacanacot, flees with his 
men to sowams, a plymouth trading 
house, vii. P. 58. x. 66. 

Outagamis indians. viii. 251. 

Outinon fort. ii. 18. 

Overseers of mashpee indians. iii. 10. 

Owanux, pequot word for englishmen, 
viii. 138. 

Owen, rev. dr. John. i. 203. invited 
to be minister of the church in bos- 
ton, ii. 265. prevented by the 
plague and fire in london ; treated 
with favour and kindness by the 
king. 266. iv. 104. vi. 590. 

Owen, thankfull. vii. 188. 

vol. x. 44 

Oxenbridge, rev. John, of boston, vi. 

Oxford, massachusetts. iii. 19. 

Oxford, bishop of, sermon before so- 
ciety for propagating the gospel, ii. 

Oxford university, difficulties at, ow- 
ing to church forms, etc. vii. P. 
52. 53. bishop laud its chancellor. 
P. 52. 

Oyster pond. iii. 38. 

Oyster bed proprietary at plymouth. 
iii. 191. 

Oyster bank, at scituate. iv. 228. 

Oyster, long island, vi. 669. 

Ozark indians. ii. 28. See arkansas 

Pacanaukett. iv. 266. 

Pacanas indians, their number and re- 
sidence, ii. 27. 

Pacatuck river, vii. P. 59. 

Pacheweset island, iv. 289. 

Packanokick, or puckanokick, the seat 
of massasoyt. ix. 27. journey of 
plymyouth people to. 49. 50. 73. 

Packard, samuel. vii. 148. 149. 154. 

Packard, samuel. vii. 149. 

Packard, zacheus. vii. 149. 

Packard, nathaniel. vii. 149. 

Packard, john. vii. 149. 157. 

Packard, Jonathan, vii. 166. 

Packard, rev. elijah, of plymouth. iii. 
201. vii. 154. 169. 

Packard, deacon barnabas. x. 44. 

Packard, rev. asa. vii. 154. 170. 

Packard, rev. hezekiah. vii. 154. 

Packard, rev. theophilus. vii. 154. 

Packard, or packer, . vii. 151. 

Packer, thomas. iii. 119. 

Packer, or packard, 

vii. 151. 

Paddy, william. iii. 182. 184. 220. iv. 

Padoucas indians. See tetaus. 
Page, John, house burnt, vii. P. 27. 
Page, capt. nicholas. viii. 44. 105. 
Page, , first settler of lunen- 

burg. iii. 104. 
Page, rev. John, of hawke, new hamp- 

shire. iv. 78. 
Page, david, first settler of lancaster,. 

new hampshire. iii. 103. 
Page, rev. thomas, of hebron, new 

hampshire. iii. 112. 



Page, col. Jonathan, ii. 180 

Page, major david, cotton manufacto- 
ry at middlebury, Vermont. ix. 

Paget, ;. iv. 19. 

Paine, robert. iv. 25. 

Paine, rev. thomas,of weymouth. iii. 

Paine, judge robert treat, iii. 177. 209. 

Paine, rev. Joshua, of charlestown. ii. 

Paine, . vii. 123. 

Painter, , punished, vi. 347. 

Painter, hon. gamaliel. ix. 134. 

Painting of the landing of the forefa- 
thers, iii. 225. 230. 

Pakapeneese. iii. 34. 

Pakeponesso assaults hiacomes, a 
christian indian. vi. 655. killed. 

Palace gate of quebec. ii. 245. 

Palfrey, peter, v. 107. vii. P. 60. 

Palfrey, . viii. 314. 

Palladium, extract from. iii. 225. 230. 

Pallinger, lieut. viii. 156. 

Palmer, abraham. v. 122. vii. P. 4. 
60. viii. 146. 

Palmer, eapt. of the st. patrick, diffi- 
culty with the lieutenant of the cas- 
tle, v. 241. presents the king's 
colours to the castle. 242. 

Palmer, John, of scituate. iv. 241. 

Palmer, — ■ . iv. 266. 

Palmer, rev. thomas, of middlebo- 
rough. iii. 197. 

Palmer, . ii. 107. 118. 

Palmer, dr. iii. 197. 

Palmer, ann. iv. 91. 

Palmer, rev. samuel. iii. 16. 

Palmer, barnabas. x. 178. 

Palmer, rev. Stephen, x. 191. 

Pamet, submits to the king of england. 
ix. 68. 

Pamola, an indian evil spirit, supersti- 
tion about, viii. 116. 

Panis, or pawnee, indians. See paw- 

Panis, or towraches, indians. See tow- 

Panna«anskeins indians. viii. 246. 

Panoket island, iv. 289. 

Panseawen indians. viii. 249. 

Pantoosuk, included plainfield and 
other towns, viii. 172. 

Paomet, or cape cod. ix. 50. 

Paper money, note on. iv. 99. 

Papists, their errours. ii. 58. 73. 

Paris, rev. noyes. iv. 59. 

Parker, archbishop, opposed to the 

Consecration of churches, vii. P. 51. 
Parker, rev. robert, a nonconformist. 

v. 118. 187. 188. 
Parker, rev. thomas, of newbury, ar- 
rives, iii. 144. iv. 120. v. 193. 
Parker, rev. james, of weymouth, 

preaches at lower piscataqua. vi. 

Parker, william. iv. 25. 
Parker, william. iv. 239. 
Parker, james. ii. 162. 
Parker, robert. ii. 162. 
Parker, thomas. viii. 106. 
Parker, rev. Jonathan, of plympton. 

iv. 270. 
Parker, rev benjamin, of haverhill. 

iv. 150. 
Parker, zechariah. iii. 111. 112. 
Parker, John. iii. 119. 
Parker, asa. viii. 46 
Parker, Jonathan, viii. 46. 
Parker, jonas. viii. 46. 
Parker, mrs. x. 180. 
Parker, daniel. iv. 169. 
Parker, isaac, chief justice of massa- 

chusetts. viii. 298. 
Parker, david. iii. 11. 
Parker, daniel. ii. 180. 
Parker, leonard-m. ii. 178. 180. 181. 
Parker, rev. clement, of Chester, new 

hampshire. ix. 369. 
Park man, rev. ebenezer, of westbo- 

rough. iv. 263. 
Parr, samuel. viii. 106. 
Parsons, rev. Jonathan, of newbury- 

port. ii. 228. 
Parsons, rev. samuel, of rye, new 

hampshire. iv. 78. 
Parsons, judge theophilus. iv. 99. 

chief justice of massachusetts. viii. 

286. his letter from w. tudor. 287. 

his character by w. tudor. 289. 
Parsons, capt. ii. 225.226. iv. 216. 
Parsons, general, x. 87. 
Partrich. See partridge. 
Partridge, or partrich, rev. ralph, ar- 
rives, iv. 2. settles at duxbury. 

v. 240. vi. 556. a champion for 

the truth against samuel gorton. 

662. 663. vii. 158. x. 57. 65. 68. 

Partridge, capt. arrives ; his heresies ; 

called before the court ; ordered to 

quit the province ; goes to rhode 



island, vi. 413.414. goes to the nar- 
ragansets for tribute. 403. 

Partridge, george. vii. 138. 154. 

Partridge, william. x. 176. 

Partridge neck, in carver, iv. 275. 

Parturition easy among indian women, 
ii. 119. 

Pascataqua, different modes of spell- 
ing, ii. 267. v. 16. indians at. 
32. 78. murder waiter bagnall. 
142. vii. P. 35. first settlement 
at. v. 213. parts about granted 
to sir f. gorges and others. 215. 
people in the neighbourhood of, 
form a combination of government 
220. 222. land there owned by 
bristol and Shrewsbury people and 
others. 221 religious disturban- 
ces at. 222. vi. 350. 362. 364. 
eight men drowned at. 421. the 
south and east side of the river 
comes under the jurisdiction of 
massachusetts. 542. 543. £60 
per annum raised for harvard col- 
lege by some of its gentlemen. 
543. dispute about lands at. 555. 
men murdered at, by indians 631. 
two wicked fellows of, hung at bos- 
ton for killing their master. 647. 
now new hampshire ; formation of 
its government, vii. (prince's ad- 
vertisement ) or pascatoway, go- 
vernour of, comes out under sir f. 
gorges. P. 7. or piscatoway, per- 
sons sent out to, for the purpose of 
making salt. P. 30. or piscataqua, 
or pascatowa, or pascataquack. 
P. 35. mr. trelane's tract of land 
at ; fishing places at. P. 35. 
corn sent from, to boston windmill. 
P. 70. 

Pascagaulas indians, their number and 
residence, ii. 27. 

Pason, edward. iv. 110. 

Pasque island, iii. 77. 

Passaconnaway and passaquo sell ha- 
verhill. iv. 169. 171. v. 60. 

Passaquo and passaconnaway sell ha- 
verhill. iv. 169. 171. 

Pastanownas, or castahanas indians, 
their residence and number, ii. 38. 

Patackosi. iii. 175. 

Patawoenicke river, Virginia, ix. 110. 

Patent to mr. white and others, of 
dorchester, england, of land be- 
tween 3 miles north of merrimack 
and 3 miles south of charles river. 

x. 178. 

v. 89. of new england, the grand, 
of 1620. v. 80. (And see the ter- 
ritories conveyed, and the parties 
or persons to whom the conveyance 
was made.) of mashpee indians, 
granted, iii. 11. 

Patrick, capt. daniel, shot at Stamford, 
vi. 425. sworn a freeman, vii P. 
29. 34. his pay. P. 85. sent by 
massachusetts with troops against 
indians at block island, viii. 143. 
in the war with capt. mason against 
the pequots. 147. his pension from 
massachusetts. 234. 

Pattasquamscuck, or pettesquamscuck. 
viii. 96. 

Patten, william. ii.162. 

Patten, rev. william, of halifax. iv. 
282. 283. 

Patten, mary. x. 178. 

Patten, rev. dr. of newport. iv. 283. 

Patten, amos. viii. 115. 

Patterson, widow, 

Patterson, grisel, 

Patteshall, richard. viii. 105. 

Patteshall, miss. x. 2. 

Pattison, edward. viii 139. 

Patucket river, x. 171. 

Patuxant river, Virginia, ix. 110. 

Patuxet, or plymouth. i. (xx.) v. 37. 
41.98. ix. 49. 

Patuxet river, vi. 521. 

Paucatuke river, vi. 582. 

Paukopunnakuk hill. iii. 175. 

Paul's point, iii. 45. 

Paunche indians. ii. 35. their number 
and residence. 36. 

Paupers in boston alms-house, i. 131. 

Pauquiaug, or weathersfield. vi. 307. 

Paucatuck river, vii. 91. 92. the 
boundary between rhode island and 
Connecticut, viii. 122. 

Pawcatuck bay. viii. 149. 

Pawkunnawkuts, or wampanoags, in- 
dians, their place of residence, ix. 

Pawnees, language, ii. 26. 28. 29. res- 
idence and number. 33. 

Pawtucket indians, their place of resi- 
dence, ix. 236. 

Pawtucket river, ix. 172. 

Pawtuxet river, ix. 172. 

Pautuxet planted, ix. 182. 

Paybody, John. vii. 138. 

Paybody, william. vii. 138. x. 58. 64. 
66. 68. 71. 

Payne, John. viii. 107. 



Payne, william. x. 27. 

Payson, rev. edward, of rowley. iv. 

Payson, samuel. ii. 176. 178. 180. 

Payson, rev. edward, of portland. iv. 

Payson, john-1. ii. 178. 

Peaked mountain, viii. 115. 

Peakes, william. iv. 241. 

Pearl river, ii. 16. 17. 43. 

Pearson, george. i. 121. 

Peas 105. sterling a bushel in massa- 
ehusetts. vii. P. 10. 

Pease, theophilus, his preservation, iv. 

Pease, . iii. 66. iv. 261. 

Pease point, iii. 81. 

Peaslee, col. nathaniel. iv. 153. 

Peat at nantucket. iii. 24. 

Peck, rev. robert. iv. 110. ordained 
at hingham. v. 279. vi. 431. vii. 

Peck, John, a marine architect, iii. 
173. iv. 285. his models for ship 
building, x. 163. 

Peck, professor william-d. i. 118. 
obituary notice of. x. 161. made 
professor of natural history at har- 
vard college. 165. visits europe. 
165. anecdote of. 166. 

Pecker, . iv. 132. 

Pecker, dr. james. iv. 169. 

Pecker, jeremiah. iv. 169. 

Pecock, or pocock, . v. 122. 

Peekskill. iii. 245. 

Pegipscot river, v. 31. 

Pekash, or pequot. vii. P. 25. 

Peirce, capt. John, of the ship para- 
gon, employed to obtain a patent 
for plymouth colony, v. 80. 81. 
his fraudulent conduct. 81. 82. 
first patent of plymouth colony ta- 
ken in his name ; richard gardiner's 
letter to him. ix. 27. his selfish 
views. 28. 

Peirce, capt. william, arrives in the 
ann with passengers, v. 82. 130. 
arrives in the lyon. 139. saves the 
ambrose. 140. vii. P. 19. iv. 
156. his ship cast away near Vir- 
ginia, v. 202. serviceable in bring- 
ing passengers to new england ; 
goes to providence island and is 
killed, vi. 378. 379. who had 
been sent to ireland, arrives oppor- 
tunely at nantasket. vii. P. 18. 
goes for, and arrives in england. P. 

25. arrives in the lyon, which is 
saluted by boston. P. 37. sails for 
Virginia and england. P. 38. 69. 
71. arrives with passengers in the 
lyon. P. 67. his ship lost, with a 
part of his men and passengers, and 
goods, belonging to boston and ply- 
mouth. P. 86. 87. his letter 
about the loss of his ship. P. 87. 

Peirce, james. vi. 642. 

Peirce, daniel. iii. 119. 

Peirson, rev. abraham, removes to long 
island, v. 245. vii. 22. 23. 

Pelham, in massachusetts. iii. 247. 

Pelham, herbert, assistant, iv. 110. v. 
122. commissioner, vi. 499. vii. 16. 

Pelham, william. vii. P. 4. 

Pellets of clay, a curious discharge of. 
vi. 646. 

Pelton, or strayton, george, his bees in 
Virginia, ix. 120. 

Pemaquid. i. (iv.) v. 11. 15. 16. 89. 
rifled by pirates. 160. indians at. 
vi. 629. rifled by bull and other pi- 
rales, vii. P. 73. 

Pemberton, james. vii. P. 4. 

Pemberton, John. vii. P. 70. 

Pemberton, rev. ebenezer, of boston, 
i. (xxx.) 

Pemberton, dr. ebenezer. viii. 158. 

Pemberton, John. viii. 185. • 

Pemberton, — - . iii. 13. 

Pembroke, earl of, a patentee of new 
england. v. 217. 

Pembroke, philip, earl of. ix. 185. 

Pembroke in massachusetts. vii. 141. 
indian name. 144. 146. 

Pemigewasset river, iii. 109. 111. 113. 

Pendleton, major bryan, of saco. vi. 
542. 600. viii. 229. 

Penequese island, iii. 78. 

Pengry, moses. viii. 107. 

Penguin river, iv. 291. 

Penhallow, samuel, his account of rev. 
charles morton. i. 161. indian wars 
quoted, iv. 129. referred lo. viii. 

Penhallow, richard-w. iii. 119. 

Penmanmore. vii. 186. 

Penn, its meaning, vii. 186. 

Penn, william, his letter to governour 
hinckley, of plymouth. vii. 185. 
his letter to richard turner. 186. 
confirmation of Pennsylvania to 



him. 186. countenanced slavery; 
left a family of slaves, viii. 185. 

Penn, elder james. vii. P. 4. 69. 
marshal of the courts in massachu- 
setts, his salary, viii. 233. 234. x. 

Pennacooke. v. 242. 

Pennington, isaac. vi. 349. 

Pennington, lieut. viii. 156. 

Pennsylvania, origin of its name, and 
its etymology ; debate about its 
name. vii. 186. letters on the at- 
tempts to abolish slavery there, 
viii. 183. 192. towns in, their do- 
nations to boston during its port 
bill. ix. 161. 163. 165. 

Penobscot, i. (iv.) plymouth trad- 
ing house at, rifled by the french. 
v. 161. or penlagoet. vi. 494. 
trade to, at the disposal of ply- 
mouth people. vii. P. 34. ply- 
mouth trading house at, rifled by the 
french. P. 62. mr. allerton's trad- 
ing house at, broken, and people 
killed by the french. P. 74. 

Penobscot indians. iv. 130. 

Penrith, vii. 186. 

Pensacola. ii. 26. 

Pentagoet, or penobscot. vi. 494. 

Pentecost harbour, named, v. 11. 

Pentucket, now haverhill, settled, iv. 
126. indian deed of. 169. 

Pepperell, sir william. iv. 185. 

Pepperellborough, now saco. iv. 

Pequots, at war with the english. i. 
(xxix.) mortality among, ii. 66. 
iv. 28. take prisoners near hart- 
ford. 28. 30. 42. their cruel dis- 
position. 43. defeated by the eng- 
lish. 47. 49. a warlike race. v. 
33. cause of war with the english. 
93. kill captains stone and nor- 
ton. 156. peace made with. 166. 
176. murder oldham and declare 
war against the english. 176. 248. 
250. sachem persuades the dela- 
wares to sell to new haven men. 
vi. 380. vii. 81. war with massa- 
chusetts. 76. decree in favour 
of. 92. and other indians, allies 
of Connecticut against the nar- 
ragansets. 112. or pekash. P. 
25. wars with canonicus and mian- 
tonemy, chiefs of the narragansets, 
about territory. P. 58. 59. war 
with the engiish. P. 59. 93. kill 

captains oldham and stone ; murder 
and torture english, and resolve 
to extirpate them, and tempt the 
narragansets and mohegans to join 
them. viii. 123. causes of the war 
against them detailed. 130. 131. 
maesachusetts sends troops against 
them under capt. endicott and oth- 
ers. 131 . kill people at weathers- 
field. 132. a brief history of their 
war by major John mason, with an 
introduction and notes by rev. t. 
prince. 120. 153. place of resi- 
dence. 122. 123. troops sent 
against by Connecticut, under capt. 
mason, viii. 133. fort attacked 
and burnt. 139. remove towards 
manhatoes. 145. many captured 
by capt. mason. 147. 148. many 
surrender and are given to uncas, 
miantonimo and nynigrett ; re- 
mainder settle in different places. 
148. 149. number killed in the 
war. v. 251. 252. 254. lived prin- 
cipally where stonington and gro- 
ton, Connecticut, now stand ; war 
was the first in new england. ix. 
176. in which they were almost ex- 
tirpated. 177. place of residence. 
235. defeated by capt. mason ; 
massachusetts and plymouth send 
soldiers against, x. 59. 

Pequod river, now thames river, v. 
19. 33. 

Percie, george, captain of the fort at 
Jamestown, viii. 209. 

Percy, lord, marches to lexington to 
assist british troops, ii. 226. iv. 

Peregrinus, his paper on. sargent's 
landing of the forefathers, iii. 225. 

Perfect description of Virginia, ix. 

Periwinkle, description of. iii. 58. 

Perkins, william. vii. P. 86. 

Perkins, capt. vii. 54. 

Perkins, william. x. 176. 

Perkins, John. viii. 107. 

Perkins, Jacob, viii. 107. 

Perkins, david. vii. 148. 159. 

Perkins, sergeant, vi. 628. 

Perkins, rev. daniel, of bridgewater. 
vii. 163. 168. 

Perkins, dr. richard. vii. 160. 163. 

Perkins, thomas. vii. 170. 



Perkins, daniel. vii. 163. 

Perkins, george-w. vii. 163. 169. 

Perkins, jonas. vii. 170. 

Perley, rev. samuel, of seabrook, new 
hampshire. iv. 78. 

Peronie, capt. viii. 157. 

Perry, richard, assistant, v. 121. viii. 

Perry, william. iv. 240. 

Perry, seth. viii. 197. 

Perry, obadiah. x. 54. 

Perry, capt. John, his book on repair- 
ing breaches made by the sea, re- 
ferred to. iii. 173. 

Pessacus, sachem of narraganset. 
vi. 452. 453. flees to rhode island. 
463. or pesicus, son of cononicus, 
troops sent against him; makes 
peace, viii. 2. 3. 

Petaqumskocte. See puttequoms- 

Peters, rev. hugh, of salem, arrives, 
iii. 153. 154. vi. 363. sent to 
england. 371. or peter, returns 
to england. viii 27. 119. his letter 
to dorchester. ix. 197. 

Peters, andrew. viii. 107. 

Peters, rev. andrew, of middleton. 
viii. 176. 

Petersham, iii. 247. disarming at. 
iv. 209. 

Peter's pond. iii. 2. 

Petition for a general hospital, i. 
127. for a college of physicians, 
i. 133. of brookline, to be incor- 
porated, ii. 144. of inhabitants 
of hingham. iv. 108. thrown over- 
board in a storm. 115. 

Petit, . iii. 259. 

Pettesquamsuck, or pattasquamscuck. 
viii. 96. 

Petuck's island, iv. 234. 

Pharmacopoeia of massachusetts medi- 
cal society, referred to. i. 115. 

Phebe, a negro servant of John cod- 
man, sentenced to be transported 
for poisoning her master, ii. 166. 

Phelps, william. vi. 308. vii. P. 60. 

Phelps, deacon samuel. iii. 104. 

Phenix society of charlestown. ii. 

Phi beta kappa society, mr.buckmin- 
ster addresses, ii. 273. 

Philadelphia, small-pox at. vii. 73. 

Philadelphia philosophical society, 
transactions of its historical and 

literary committee, quoted. ix. 

Philip, king, war with. i. (xxix.) iii. 
34. 187. 188. iv. 56. v. 59. vii. 
150. 155. 158. anecdote of the 
gun-lock with which he was killed. 
iv. 63. a fac simile of his deed to 
plymouth. 267. cause of his war. 
v. 71. killed. 59 defeated at 
bridgewater. vii. 158. x. 66. 

Phillips, rev. george, first minister of 
watertown, character. ii. 94. 95. 
iv. 155. v. 128. of bocksted, eng- 
land, arrives in massachusetts. 133. 
135. 142. skilled in church go- 
vernment. 186. meets with diffi- 
culties. 186. requested to go to 
Virginia, but declines, vi. 410. vii. 
19. P. 3. 4. 6. house burnt. P. 3. 
sworn a freeman of massachusetts. 
P. 29. 31. 38. notice of. P. 45. 
46. dies viii. 17. 

Phillips, john. vii. P. 4. 

Phillips, rev. samuel, of rowley. iv. 

Phillips, nathaniel. vi. 598. 

Phillips, samuel, bookseller, of boston. 
ii. 102. 

Phillips, judge John, of charlestown, 
his epitaph, ii. 179. 

Phillips, John, jun. impeached for 
trading with an enemy, claims 
habeas corpus, viii. 240. 242. 

Phillips, rev. samuel, of andover. iv. 

Phillips, henry, ii. 178. 

Phillips, john. x. 28. 

Phillips, col., of the yonkers, new 
york, his zeal for episcopacy, i. 

Phillips, hon. william. ii. 46. x. 29. 

Phillips, lieut. governour samuel. iii. 
249. iv. 155. 

Phillips, major general, iii. 245. 

Phillips, hon. john, of boston. ii. 

Phillips, hon. william. ii. 48. lieu- 
tenant governour. iv. 155. 

Phillips, wiliard. vii. 170. 

Phillis, a negro servant of john cod- 
man, burnt for poisoning her mas- 
ter, ii. 166. 

Philpot, the martyr, in the time of 
queen mary, commits his papers to 
adam winthrop. vii. P. 11. 

Phinney, elias. ii. 178. 181. 

Phipps, sir william, governour. iii. 



190. expedition to canada. 255. 
259. his arrival in massachusetts. 
x. 20. 

Fhipps, samuel. ii. 177. 

Phipps, Joseph, ii. 180. 

Pliipps, major joshua-b. ii. 180. 

Picaneaux indians. ii. 42. 

Pickering, gilbert, vi. 349. 

Pickering, john. viii. 106. 

Pickering, Jonathan, viii. 106. 

Pickering, hon. timothy, commission- 
er to western indians iii. 249. 
letter to rev. dr. freeman, commu- 
nicating a letter on the attempts 
to abolish slavery in Pennsylvania, 
viii. 183. 

Pickering, hon. John, observations on 
north american indian languages, 
introductory to eliot's indian gram- 
mar, ix. 223. du ponceau's notes 
and observations on eliot's indian 
grammar addressed to. 313. sup- 
plementary observations on eliot's 
indian grammar, (xxx.) advertise- 
ment to dr. edwards's observations 
on the mohegan language, x. 81. 
notes on the same. 98, et post. 

Pickles, jonas. iv. 241. 

Pidcoke, george. iv. 241. 

Pierce, rev. james, of Cambridge and 
exeter in england. vii. P. 69. 

Pierce, capt. john. See peirce. 

Pierce, capt. william. See peirce. 

Pierce, michael. iv. 241. slain by 
indians. 245. 

Pierce, abraham. vii. 138. x. 69. 

Pierce, daniel. viii. 106. 

Pierce, solomon. viii. 46. 

Pierce, Jacob, viii. 46. 

Pierce, rev. john, history of brookline. 
140. 161. 

Pierce, hayward, esq. iv. 245. 

Pierce, rev. cyrus. iii. 269. 

Pierce, Jacob, ii. 180. 

Pierce, . iv. 260. 

Pierson, rev. abraham, rector of yale 
college, iv. 297. See peirson. 

Pigeons, great flocks of. vii. P. 21. 
wild, peculiarities of. iv. 256. 

Pike, robert, commissioner to york. 
vi. 593. 595. 600. 

Pike, rev. james, of somersworth, new 
hampshire. iv. 78. 

Pike, eleanor. x. 179. 

Pike, general, referreB to. ii. 9. 11. 
12. 23. 25. 28. x. 128. 130, et post. 

Pilgrims, plymouth. See plymouth. 

Pilsbury, capt. george. iii. 195. 

Pilsbury, rev. enoch, of litchfield. x. 

Pilkington, rev. dr. bishop of durharn. 
opposed to the consecration of 
churches, vii. P. 51. 

Pinn, john. ix. 185. 

Pimesepoese. iv. 291. 

Pinacle hill. iii. 179. 

Pinchin, thomas. iv. 240. 

Pinkeshaw indians, their residence, 
numbers and annuity, ii. 8. 

Pinkham, lydia. iii. 32. 

Pinkham, ebenezer. iv. 183. 

Pinkham, paul. x. 179. 

Pintard, John, esq. x. 192. 

Piorias indians. ii 8. 

Pipe, capt. an indian chief, quoted. 
x. 111. 

Piper, nathaniel. viii. 107. 

Piper, william, first settler of new 
holderness, new hampshire. iii. 

Piper, thomas, iii. 119. 

Pirates, beyond pascataqua. v. 160. 
dixy bull and others, the first in 
new england. vii. P. 73. 

Piscataqua. See pasca taqua. 

Piscataquis river, viii. 115. 

Piscataquis mountains, viii. 115. 

Piscataquog. vii. 66. 

Pitcairn, major, marches his troops to 
concord, ii. 225. 226. iv. 216. 

Pitcher, rev. nathaniel, of scituate. 
iv. 233.234. 

Pitman, elizabeth. x. 178. 

Pittsfield. iii. 248. 

Pittsford, or kirby marble, remarkably 
fine. ix. 136. 

Plague, or pestilential fever, prevails 
through new england, at st. Chris- 
topher's, barbadoes, etc. vi. 531. 

Plain dealing, iv. 93. 

Plain instruction for inoculating in 
small-pox, by dr. heberden, refer- 
red to. vii. 74. 

Plainfield, an account of. viii. 167. 
its extent, etc. 167. geology, min- 
eralogy, and botany, with the times 
of flowering. 168.171. curiosity, 
schools, and library ; church and 
church members. 171. 172. his- 
tory. 171. x. 41. 

Plaisted, capt. roger. vi. 599. ofkit- 
tery. 600. viii. 96. 



Plank, early price of, in massachusetts. 
viii. 232.233. 

Planter, ship, brings ammunition to 
massachusetts colony, viii. 229. 

Plants at nantucket. iii. 24. at mid- 
dlebury, Vermont, a catalogue of, 
with their botanical names, ix. 146, 
et post. 

Platform of 1648. i. (x.) (And see 
Cambridge and synod.) debated 
and passed by massachusetts gen- 
eral court, vi. 550. set forth by 
the synod at Cambridge, v. 184. 
vi. 537. 

Piatt, iii. 195. 

Platte river, of the missouri. ii. 10. 
23. 26. 28. 

Pleasant pond. viii. 173. 174. 

Plein river, viii. 251. 

Plough patent for sagadehock arrives 
in the ship plough, vii. P. 31. 

Plough patent, or sagadehock. v. 141. 
224. or ligonia, purchased by mr. 
rigbee. v. 368. dispute about. 

Plough, ship, arrives with familists for 
sagadehock. v. 141. capt. graves 
arrives, vii. P. 31. 

Ploughs, none in massachusetts. vii. 
P. 88. 

Plowed hill. ii. 168. 

Plug pond. iv. 122. 

Plums of several sorts found at ply- 
mouth, ix. 62. 

Plumb islands, viii. 174. 

Plummer, ebenezer, of glassenbury, 
Connecticut, his donation to boston 
during its port bill. ix. 159. 

Plymouth beach lottery, iii. 172. 

Plymouth, or accomack, or patuxet. 
i. (xx.) number of the pilgrims 
who arrived there, etc. (i. v. viii. 
xx.) soon after arrival, addressed 
in english by an indian. ii. 68. 
church planted at. 59. 66. church 
records quoted, vii. 163. furnish 
soldiers against indians. iii. 169. 
obtain a patent from Virginia com- 
pany, v. 48. difficulties in fixing 
upon a place to remove to; profits, 
how to be divided. 48. indians 
carried off by pestilence just before 
their arrival. 51. 54. reasons why 
the pilgrims left holland ; propose 
to go to guiana. 44. negotiate for 
a settlement in Virginia. 45. 47. 
opinions of church discipline ; take 

their patent from the Virginia com- 
pany in the name of John wincob. 
47. to work wholly for the benefit 
of the partners, and every thing to 
be divided at the end of seven 
years. 49. 50. patent from the 
Virginia company lost. 50. are car- 
ried to cape cod, instead of hud- 
son's river, by the knavery of the 
dutch. 50. 53. vi. 666. 667. suffer 
by cold and savages. 52. enter 
into a combination for mutual gov- 
ernment. 53. 61. 62. choose John 
carver governour. v. 53. assisted 
by indians, who knew english. 55. 
name Clarke's island. 57. arrive 
at plymouth harbour, december 16, 
1620. 57. afflicted with sickness, 
of which many die. 57. 58. ad- 
dressed by samoset and squanto in 
english. 58. instructed to plant 
indian corn ; make a league with 
massasoit. 59. 60. government, 
by the laws of england. 62. reli- 
gious worship and discipline. 63. 
first plant corn ; english grain does 
not succeed. 66. choose w. brad- 
ford governour. 67. petition king 
for new charter. 84. proposed 
government of. 85. send com- 
missioners to england. 86. assist- 
ants increased to five. 90. 91. 
governour allowed a double voice 
on the casting vote. 91. cattle 
first brought to, by edward winslow. 
94. religious intolerance. 93. 94. 
trades with indians at kennebeck. 
94. beaver and other furs for eng- 
land captured by the turks. 95. 
96. lamentation at the death of 
rev. mr. robinson. ^6. send isaac 
allerton to england to negotiate a 
settlement with the adventurers. 
98. make new division of land. 

98. obliged to grind corn in mor- 
tars ; governour affords assistance . 
to the crew of french vessel wreck- 
ed in merrimack bay ; begin to trade 
with the dutch at hudson's river. 

99. choose edward winslow go- 
vernour. 100. choose i. aller- 
ton assistant. 67. send edward 
winslow and Stephen hopkins to 
massasoit. 67. send boats to view 
massachusetts bay. 68. joined by 
35 new settlers. 69. receive a 
snake's skin full of arrows from the 



narragansets by way of defiance ; 
returned full of powder and bullets. 
70. erect a meeting-house and fort. 
73. plant corn, each for himself, 
instead of being maintained out of 
the common s-tock. 79. procure 
bass in abundance and ground nuts 
for bread. 80. obtain a patent 
from the earl of Warwick and sir f. 
gorges, which is confirmed by the 
king. 82. obtain a patent for cape 
ann. 110. indians offer to kill 
sir c. gardiner; forbidden by go- 
vernour winthrop. 149. hires the 
ship hope, of ipswich, to displace 
the french at penobscot. 102. has 
a trading place at machias. 103. 
quarrel about the sole right of trad- 
ing at kennebeck. 107. 168. in- 
fonned of Connecticut by the dutch. 
170. build a trading house on Con- 
necticut river. 172. complain of 
massachusetts about Connecticut. 
179. pestilential fever at. 194. 
shallops cast away, and people 
drowned. 201. refuse mrs. hutch- 
inson and others liberty to plant 
within its jurisdiction, vi. 330. 
disputes about baptism among. 338. 
receive letters from a committee of 
lords and commons about gorton's 
complaints. 507. sketch of, 
from 1033 to 1078. 601. 600. 
gives an honourable reception to 
the king's commissioners. 664. 
hold friendly correspondence with 
the dutch at new york. 667. claim 
to narraganset country, vii. 103. 
105. 107? letter to, 'from rhode 
island. 109. colony line run. 122. 
indian title purchased. 143. scur- 
vy fatal at. P. 19. undertakers. 
P. 34. trucking house at penobscot 
rifled by the french. P. -62, sick- 
ness at ; locusts numerous and de- 
structive at. P. 92. great losses 
by mr. allerton and the sinking of 
capt. peirce's ship. P. 87. forms 
of worship at. P. 70. gradually 
given up. P. 71. imposes a heavy 
fine on him who should refuse the 
office of governour, counsellor or 
magistrate. P. 75. town nearly 
abandoned. P. 74. church dis- 
misses duxbury people ; duxbury 
becomes the second church in the 
colony. P. 74. 75. measures ta- 

vol. x. 45 

ken to prevent the further decrease 
of its town. P. 75. first chooses 
seven assistants. P. 83. which 
number continues to the end of its 
government. P. 83. informed of 
fresh or Connecticut river by the 
dutch. P. 93. 94. sot up a trad- 
ing house at Connecticut river ; 
form a company with massachu- 
setts people to trade to that river ; 
project given over. P. 94. 95. 
opposed in going up the Connecticut 
by the dutch ; set up their house at 
(now) Windsor. P. 1)5. infectious 
fever at, fatal to whites and indians. 
P. 90. mourt's relation of the be- 
ginning and plantation of. ix. 26. 
et seq. pilgrims about to sail from 
Southampton, letter of advice from 
rev. john robinson. 30. 32. many 
die of scurvy. 34. send a boat on 
discovery from cape cod to fix upon 
a place to settle. 37. which ex- 
amines plymouth harbour. 40.41. 
see indians for the first time. 43. 
lose their " great new rendezvous " 
by fire. 45. bring their goods on 
shore. 46. choose miles standish 
captain ; are approached in a friend- 
ly way by two indians; bring their 
ordnance on shore. 47. find deer 
abundant; plant garden seeds. 48. 
49. their journey to king massa- 
soyt at packanokik. 49. 51. visit 
namaschet. 52. and nauset. 53. 
go to namaschet to assist massasoyt, 
and to avenge the supposed death 
of tisquantum. 54. visit massa- 
chusetts bay. 57. first harvest 
described ; use the indian manure, 
or fish ; visited by massasoyt with 
ninety indians. 60. at peace with 
all indians, who act with good faith. 
61. first winter not more cold than 
in england ; without kine, horses 
or sheep. 61. winslow's relation 
of things remarkable at the planta- 
tion of. 74. differences between 
the abridgment and original of wins- 
low's relation. 79. pilgrims suffer 
for want of food. 90. number 
consisted of about one hundred. 
167. x. 58. manners, customs, 
religious notions, etc. ©f indians 
there, ix. 90. 91. becomes a part 
of massachusetts. x. 2. sends sol- 
diers against the pequots. 59. pre- 



pare troops against the narragansets 
and clutch. 60. pathway to dux- 
bury. 62. 65. 66. taxes of ; facts 
about pilgrims ; recognise the com- 
pact signed in 1620, and claim the 
privileges of freeborn englishmen. 
68. fine persons for attending a 
quaker meeting, dancing, disturb- 
ing church, shooting on Sunday, 
not attending public worship ; 
raise sixty men against the dutch ; 
troubled by wolves. 69. armed 
brig general arnold lost in its har- 
bour, iii. 195. peace of, disturb- 
ed by indians. 85. arms to be sup- 
plied to inhabitants. 183. bridges 
and brooks. 178. hills. 179. 
ponds. 180. islands and points. 
181. light-houses. 182. notes on ; 
original bounds. 162. census of. 
169. streets, wharves, aqueducts. 

169. bank, courts, manufactures. 

170. remarks on its beach. 171. 
canal. 172. schools. 173. In- 
dian names. 175. newspapers, 
libraries, museum. 177. chrono- 
logical details of. 183. fortifica- 
tion. 183. 187. watch-house. 183. 
expenditures. 184. 186. 187. dis- 
tressed by wolves. 184. orders 
of council of war ; town meetings. 
185. selectmen, grants of money, 
parsonage house. 186. produc- 
tions and prices ; right of voting 
regulated. 187. 188. town coun- 
cil ; endeavors to obtain a royal 
charter. 189. water course. 190. 
oyster proprietary. 191. storm 
at ; fever at ; send a company 
against louisbourg. 192. spring 
shifted by an earthquake ; fire club. 
194. market ; elms. 195. beach, 
and scheme for repairing it. 195. 
196. church, history of. 198. se- 
cond church. 200. aborigines ; bill 
of mortality of first parish. 201. of 
second parish. 202. of third parish. 
203. diseases. 203. last female na- 
tive indian dies. 200. schools, iv. 
78. 86. colony vote respecting 
schools. 79. acts respecting schools. 
80. grants to schools. 84. vote 
regarding harvard college. 85. 
schoolmasters. 86. slowness of ma- 
ritime growth. 88. first school- 
house. 88. 89. school fund. 89. 
schoolmasters. 90. first barque 

built at. 99. town brook. 226. 
colony law about mackerel. 230. 
colony line run. 245. deed from 
king philip. 267. alewife and her- 
ring fishery. 296. number of in- 
dians. 302. 

Plymouth council established in the 
county of devon, england, for or- 
dering the affairs of new england. 
v. 84. grants to sir henry roswell 
and others lands between merri- 
mack and charles river. 108. re- 
signs its charter. 272. grants a 
part of Connecticut to marquis 
hamilton. vi. 309. grant to capt. 
John mason of land between naum- 
keag and merrimack. 614. grant 
to mason and gorges land between 
sagadehock and merrimack. 616. 
from naumkeak to pascataqua. 
616. opinion of sir w. jones on these 
grants. 617. 

Plymouth, new hampshire, note on. 
iii. 109. session of courts. 110. 
professional men ; schools and 
academy ; settlement. 111. eccle- 
siastical history. 112 church, mar- 
riages and deaths. 113. 

Plympton. iii. 164. hurricane at. 
166. productions. 165. 166. 
vessels and distilleries. 167. 

houses and publick buildings. 168. 
169. history of. iv. 267. wood. 

267. rivers, brooks and ponds. 

268. military, manufactures and 
mills. 269. population ; religious 
societies. 270. including carver 
& a part of halifax, history of. 283. 

Pocanoky. ii. 66. 

Pocasset. iii. 14. 16. 

Pocklinton, dr. his book against the 

. martyrs ordered to be published by 

bishop laud. vii. P. 50. 

Pocock, . v. 122. 

Pocompheake. vi.462. 
Pocomtuck, or deerfield. viii. 153. 
Podpis. iii. 21. 25. 26. 
Poem on gov. winthrop. iii. 123. on 

nonconformist's oath. iv. 104 
Poge, cape. iii. 40. 46. 58. 72. 
Poge pond, iii 55. 72. 
Point coupee. ii. 23. 
Point levi. ii. 236. 238. 239. 
Point aux trembles, ii. 238. 
Point judith. iii. 46. 
Pointer, mistake corrected in. 

vii. P. 16. 



Pointing, iv. 249. 

Pokanacket indians. v. 32. or po- 
kanoket. 59. 

Pokanauket. vii. 139 

Pole, capt. iv. 216. 

Pole star, its name among indians. ix. 

Pollard, , his mill. x. 65. 

Polly, william. viii. 46. 

Poison, capt. viii. 157. 

Polypody cove in carver, iv. 275. 

Pomeramus. vi. 553. 

Pomham. See pumham. 

Pomfret's poems, quoted, iv. 93. 

Pomponoho, or peter, chief of titicut 
indians. vii. 143. 144. 

Pomroye, edward. viii. 148. 

Poncas, or poncars, indians, their re- 
sidence and numbers, ii. 34. 

Ponds, village of. iii. 176. 

Ponnakin. iii. 179. 

Pontiac, an indian chief, killed, ii. 8. 

Pool, samuel. vii. P. 4. 

Pool, capt. lot. ii. 180. 

Pool, . vii. 123. 

Poonseag, its meaning, x. 171. 

Poor meadow brook, vii. 115. 

Pope, seth. iv. 293. 

Pope, . viii. 196. 

Pope's point furnace in carver, iv. 

Popes, felix and gregory, order conse- 
cration of churches, vii. P. 77. 

Popham, sir John, chief justice of 
england, sends a plantation to ken- 
nebeck river, v. 13. 15. 36. 37. 
sends out a ship, under captains 
t. haman and m. prinne on discov- 
ery to new england. ix. 3. dies. 

Popham, sir francis, sends ships to 
new england. v. 37. a patentee 
of new england. 217. with oth- 
ers, sends a ship to the settlement 
begun in new england ; sends ships 
to trade on the coast of new eng- 
land. ix. 4. 

Popham, capt. george, comes to new 
england as president of a colony, v. 
36. dies at sagadahock. 37. and 
capt. rawley gilbert, sent with men 
and ordnance to begin a settlement 
in new england. ix. 3. 4. dies in 
new england. 4. 

Popish priests released from prison by 
king charles, but no puritan, vii. P 
64, " corrections." 

Popmonet family, iii. 8. 

Popos neck in carver, iv. 275. 

Popponessett bay. iii. 1. 

Popponessett island, iii. 1. 

Poquan. iii. 44. 58. 

Poiey, , secretary in Virginia. 

v. 75. ix. 114. 

Portroyal, island of. iii. 241. 

Portroyal, Jamaica, iii. 286. 

Portroyal, nova scotia. v. 15. a 
scotch plantation, sold to the 
french, who send papists thither, to 
the trouble of inassachusetts. vii. 
P. 84. surrendered by treaty of 
charles i. to france. P. 78. at- 
tacked by indians. viii. 248. the 
french dislodged from by sir s. ar- 
gall. ix. 5. 

Porter, John. vii. 93. viii. 63. 64. ix. 

Porter, John, jun. his protection from 
king's commissioners, viii. 96. 

Porter, . viii. 243. 

Porter, rev. John, of bridgewater. vii. 
166. 168. 

Porter, Jacob, his account of plainfield, 
massachusetts. viii. 167. 173. of 
cummington. x. 41. 

Porter, adam x. 44. 

Porter, John. vii. 166. 170. 

Porter, rev. huntington, of rye, new 
hampshire. vii. 166. 170. 

Porter, Jonathan, vii. 166. 170. 

Porter, rev. dr. eliphalet, of roxbury. 
i. 248. ii. 152. vii. 166. 170. 

Porter, rev. nathaniel, of con way, 
new hampshire. iii. 104. 

Porter, rev. experience, of Winchester, 
new hampshire. ix. 367. 

Porter, . vii. 123. 

Portsmouth, new hampshire, earth- 
quakes at. iv. 70. parsonage 
house and chapel built at. v. 220. 
declared to belong to massachu- 
setts. vi. 372. longevity in. x. 

Portsmouth, rhode island, general 
assembly of providence plantations 
held at. vii. 82. 103. settled by w. 
coddington and others, ix. 181. ori- 
gin of name. 181. 

Post, hannah. iii. 224. 

Post, mary. iii. 225. 

Post angel, paper by j. dunton. ii. 

Pot and pearl ash works at haverhill. 
iv. 153. 



Potenumacut. iii. 13. 14. 

Pott, . i. 108. 

Potter, robert. ix. 182. 

Potter, rev. nathaniel, of brookline. ii. 

149. 153. 
Potter, lieut. iv. 219. 
' Potter, elizabeth. x. 177. 
Poultry early carried to Virginia, viii. 

Powah, a sort of indian juggler, his 

occupation, ix. 92. 93. 
Powder, gun, early preparations for 

manufacturing in massachusetts. 

vii. 44. people must provide them- 
selves with. P. 26. i*i 
Powder hill. vii. P. 73. 
Powell, . vi. 511. not allowed 

to be settled in boston as minister, 

but is chosen elder. 551. 
Powers, rev. peter, of haverhill, new 

hampshire. iii. 112. iv. 78. 
Powhatan, sachem of Virginia, viii. 

Pownal, gov. thomas. i. (xxvtf.) visits 

plymoutli. iii. 194. 
Pownal, town. iv. 176. 
Powwowes, indian. iii.. 127. v. 34. 
Praire de fran^.ois. ii. 40. 
Prairie des chien. ii. 41. 
Pratt, john, a surgeon, notice of; his 

apology for misrepresentations 

against new england. vii. 126. and 

wife, drowned on the coast of spain. 

vi. 525. 
Pratt, phineas. iii. 184. vii. 122. 

Pratt, benjamin, x. 28. 
Pratt, seth. vii. 170. 
Pratt, alien, vii. 170. 
Pratt, william ii. 181. 

Pratt, . vii. 155. 

Prayer, for whom is it lawful ? x. 182. 

Prayers on training days at boston. 

ii. 107. 
Preble, abraham. iv. 241. 247. 
Prefatory notice of hubbard's history. 

v. (iii.) 
Prelacy, condemned by first planters 

of new england. ii. 58. 
Premium for medical dissertations, i. 

Prence, thomas, governour, &c. See 

prince, thomas, governour. 
Prentice, capt. viii. 96. 
Prentice, rev. nathaniel, of dunstable, 

new hampshire. x. 55. 

Prentice, rev. thomas, of charlestown. 
ii. 171. 

Prentiss, rev. caleb of reading. 17. 

Presbyterian ordination, validity of, 
doubted, ii. 130. iv. 302. minis- 
ters prevented from preaching in 
Virginia, ii. 208. general assem- 
bly incorporated, iv. 66. ordina- 
tion in massachusetts excites jea- 
lousies, v. 189. 

Presbyterianism. v. 182. 

Presbyterians, oppressed by lord corn- 
bury, i. 145. 146. scotch. 150. 

Prescott, abel, jun. viii. 46. 

Prescott, judge oliver. x. 79. 

Prescott, william. x. 179. 

Prescott, james. x. 79. 

Prescott, samuel-j. ii. 178. 

President and council appointed by 
james ii. to govern massachusetts, 
new hampshire, maine and narra- 
ganset. viii. 180. 

Presidents of massachusetts medical 
society, i. 112. of harvard college, 
where resident ; to expound divini- 
ty, iv. 64. 

Preston, dr. vii. P. 15. 

Preston, lieut. viii. 156. 

Preston, »-, printer, ii. 252. 

Prevost, general, iii. 239. 240. 

Price, richard. viii. 105. 

Price, capt. iv. 130. 

Price, rev. ebenezer, of belfast, maine, 
and boscawen, new hampshire. x. 
75. 76. 

Prieses, a sort of indian jugglers, 
method of training them. ix. 94. 
95. 96. 

Priestley, dr. i. 138. quoted. 

Prilete, dr. x. 44. 

Primer for mohawk children, quoted, 
x. 101. 102. 

Prin, martin. See pring, martin. 

Prince, gov. thomas. i. 170. iii. 
173. 178. 184. 220. iv. 80. 86. 93. 
100. 220. v. 72. sent to massa- 
chusetts as agent for plymouth 
colony. 162. vi. 556. letter to, 
from rhode island, vii. 109. x. 62. 
63. 65. 

Prince, samuel, esq. of rochester and 
middleborough. iii. 169. iv. 302. 

Prince, rev. thomas, of boston, i. 
107. chronology quoted. 169. 
(xxix.) notice of rev. william 



hubbard. ii. 282. 200. quoted, 
iii. SG. account of english minis- 
ters, &c. quoted. 68, et post. 199. 
iv. 200. notice of hubbard's histo- 
ry, v. (iv. vi.) 6G2. 664. notice 
of, and of his works ; collections ; 
chronological annals of new eng- 
land. vii. 179. bequest of books. 
and manuscripts to old south 
church ; catalogue of books. 180. 
annals of new england, volume 2, 
number 1, republished. 189. P. 1, 
et post, notes and introduction to 
Mason's history of the pequot war. 
viii. 120. 153. x. 39. 

Prince, rev. Joseph, of barrington, 
new hampshire. iv. 78. 

Prince james. ii. 175. 

Prince, a black, viii. 46. 

Prince maurice fort at hudson's river, 
ix. 113. 

Prince William's sound, ii. 43. 

Pring, martin, after visiting martha's 
vineyard, returns to england with 
sassafras, iii. 80. his voyage, v. 
11. sent on discovery to new eng- 
land. ix. 3. 

Prinne. See pring. 

Printing of laws first ordered in mas- 
sachusetts. vi. 544. 

Prior, daniel. x. 57. 

Prior, thomas. iv. 240. 242., 

Prior, j. x. 69. 

Prison, massachusetts state, at 
charlestown. i. 127. description 
of. ii. 175. 

Prison brook, now little brook, iii. 

Pritchard, . vii. 54. 

Privateering, called by king james 
splendidum furtum. vi. 527. 

Privy council, (england,) summons 
massachusetts to appear, and an- 
swer to charges against them by 
morton and others, v. 151. 153. 
discharges the accused ; lords of, 
stop ships coming to massachusetts. 
152. 154. appoint lords for govern- 
ing plantations. 264. its order, dis- 
charging massachusetts from the 
charges of sir f. gorges and others, 
vii. P. 90. 91 

Proclamation of lord dunmore men- 
tioned, ii. 224. 

Professional men in hillsborough coun- 
ty, new hampshire. vii. 71. 

Prophesying, meaning of, atplymouth. 

v. 140. meaning of, among dissen- 
ters, vii. P. 25. an exercise of 
publick worship. P. 70. 

Proposition about magistrates' power 
in matters of religion in massachu- 
setts ; debates about this proposition, 
vi. 536. 

Prospect hill. ii. 168. iii. 267, 

Prospectus of hubbard's history, ii. 

Protestants, french, settle at new york. 
i. 140 144. 149. 

Proud's history of Pennsylvania refer- 
red to. viii. 276. 

Prout, timothy, viii. 180. x. 25.26. 

Prout, timothy, jun. ship-master, his 
sufferings at sea. vi. 643. 644. 

Prout, timothy, x. 28. 

Prout's gore. iv. 176. 

Prouty, richard. iv. 229. 

Providence, rhode island, planted by 
roger Williams, vi. 335. ecclesias- 
tical affairs. 335. strange delu- 
sions at. 338. 339. anabaptists at, 
divided in opinion. 343. request 
massachusetts to give them aid or 
council ; four of its men taken un- 
der the jurisdiction of massachu- 
setts. 344. and other lands, ob- 
tained of canonicus by governour 
winthrop and roger Williams, vii. 
76. planted. 14. plantation, pa- 
tent to ; commission to John clarke, 
as agent there. 90. 103. form of 
deeds, ix. 198. historical account 
of. 166. named and settled by 
roger williarns and twelve others. 
170. original association of govern- 
ment. 183. roger williams's letter 
to, about freedom. 191. first 
church, formed by roger williarns, 
was congregational, but soon chang- 
ed to baptist. 196. plantations, 
including providence and rhode 
island, incorporation by parliament. 

188. 189. code of laws agreed on. 

189. liberty of conscience. 190. 
resolves about toleration of qua- 
kers ; address to richard cromwell 
on that subject. 192. letter to sir 
h. vane, jun. ; charter from charles 
ii. allowing liberty of conscience. 
195. See rhode island. 

Providence island, settlement at, cap- 
tured by Spaniards, vi. 377. peti- 
tions new england for aid. 378. 
(one of the summer islands) settle- 



ment of, by massachusetts. people, 
abandoned, vii. 34. 35. 

Province bills note on. iv. 99. - 

Provincial congress at salem, concord 
and Cambridge vii. 160. 

Provincials, a list of those killed and 
wounded at the battles of concord 
and lexington. viii. 45. 

Provisions scarce in massachusetts in 
1640. v. 238, 246. purchase of, 
regulated, vii. P. 30. not to be 
bought on board the ships that ar- 
rive, without permission. P. 30. 

Prudden, rev. peter, of milford, Con- 
necticut, vi. 319. character. 328. 

Psalms, and gospel of st. John, version 
of, by experience mayhew. iii. 68. 

Puant, or winebago indians. ii. 9. fe- 
rocitv and number. 10. 

" Publick friend," against slavery, by 
langhorne. viii. 185. 186. 

Publick worship, support of, in new 
york. i. 152. 153. 

Puckanokick. See packanokick. 

Puff fish, described, iii. 55. 56. 

Puffer, rev. dr. reuben, of berlin. iv. 

Pulaski, count, iii. 242. mortally 
wounded. 242. 

Pullen point, vii. P. 73. 62. 

Pumham, sachem, iv. 169. difficulty 
with gorton. vi. 404. sachem of 
showamock, puts himself under ju- 
risdiction of massachusetts. 406. 
459. vii. 48. ix. 182. 

Pumpkins, iii. 132. in massachusetts. 
vii. P. 88. 

Punkapog indians. v. 32. 

Purchas, his pilgrimage, referred to. 
v. 40. 

Puritans, history of, by neal, referred 
to. i. 165. rise of. (xiv.) 

Purysburg. iii. 239. 

Putawatamies indians. ii. 5. 12. their 
numbers. 5. receive an annuity 
from united states. 5. 6. 

Putnam, nathaniel. viii. 105. 

Putnam, John. viii. 106. 

Putnam, henry, viii. 46. 

Putnam, perley. viii. 47. 

Putnam, gen. israel. iv. 210. 

Putnam col. rufus. iv. 52. 

Putnam, nathan. viii. 46. 

Putnam, aaron. ii. 176. 180. 

Putnam, aaron-h. ii. 178. 

Putnam, judge samuel, his notice of 
judge thomas. x. 5. 

Puttequomscut. vii. 75. 

Pylarinus, of venice. i. 106. 

Pym, . i (xxviii.) 

Pynchon, or pinchon, william, assist- 
ant, v. 124. arrives. 133. set- 
tles roxbury. 135. springfield. vi. 
308. magistrate, vii. 129. assist- 
ant. P. 1. 3. 5. 6. 14. notice of; 
an associate with the original paten- 
tees ; principal founder of roxbury ; 
first member of its church. P. 14. 
21. 23. 25. 27. 30. 31. 32. 34. 35. 
58. 60. boat cast away. P. 36. 
assistant. P. 61. 63. 65. 66. 68. 72. 
91. 92. treasurer and assistant P. 
85. 86. 93. viii. 97. papers relative 
to. 227.249. 

Pynchon, col. John. viii. 44. 181. 
237. . letter from commissioners 
of united colonies about sending 
troops against the indians. 238. 
letter from thomas wells about the 
strength of the french in canada, 
the new england prisoners there, 
etc. 239. vi. 629. 

Pynchon, Joseph, i. 111. 

Pynchon, John, esq. viii. 227. 


Quackery punished, vii. P. 21. 

Quadaquina. v. 61. 

Quahaug, fish. iii. 58. iv. 289. 

Quakers in new york. i. 150. 155. 
in rhode island, vi 336. not tax- 
ed in massachusetts colony for sup- 
port of other denominations, ii. 
201. opposed by roger Williams, v. 
209. vi. 350. most numerous party 
in rhode island. 350. punished 
capitally in massachusetts ; laws 
against in massachusetts defended. 
572. arrival of, at boston and rhode 
island, vii. 82. measures taken 
against, by united colonies. 82. 85. 
86. compelled to train, watch, &c. 
in rhode island. 83. answers about, 
from the general assembly of rhode 
island to the commissioners of the 
united colonies. 83. 84. trouble- 
some in rhode island. 85. laws 
against in england ; charles ii.'s let- 
ter against indulging them in mas- 
sachusetts. viii. 54. alteration of 
the laws of massachusetts against 
them proposed. 86. forbidden by 
plymouth colony to disseminate 



their opinions, x. 61. a person 
fined for attending a meeting. 69. 
disturb plymouth ; their opinions. 

Quanset bay. iv. 289. 

Quantisset. iii. 178. 

Quarrantine at rainsford island. i. 

Quarrel between new haven people 
and the dutch at manhatoes. vi. 

Quarrellers, indians. ii. 43. 

Quarry hill. ii. 168. 

Quaitier, james, a florentine, employ- 
ed by francis i., his voyage of dis- 
covery, v. 9. 

Quashuet river, iii. 2. 

Quatchet, its meaning, ix. 91. 

Quayz. iii. 25. 26. 

Quebec, summoned by col. arnold to 
surrender. ii. 237. attacked by 
montgomery. 243. its general hos- 
pital chapel. 242. iii. 259. vi. 
639. taken by capt. kirk from the 
french in 1629. vii. P. 52. sur- 
rendered by treaty of charles i. to 
the french. P. 78. sometimes 
spelled kebec. P. 78. 

Quelquesboe river, ii. 27. 

Queries respecting indians. ii. 1 . 

Quesada indian language, ii. 18. 

Questions, proposed by massachusetts 
general court, about baptism, i. 
197. in massachusetts, relating to 
church members and baptism of 
their children, with answers, vi. 
563. 570. 587. concerning the con- 
sociation of churches, i. 198. pro- 
posed by rector of yale college and 
others, respecting episcopal ordina- 
tion, iv. 298. of conscience, x. 
182. 183. 

Quetequas. See quittaquas and quit- 

Quichichchich. iv. 126. 

Quick's hole. iii. 77. 

Quicure. ii. 41. 

Quillipiuk, or quinnepiack, or quinny- 
piag, now new haven, settled, vi. 
317. 319. See new haven. 

Quincy, edmund. iii. 285. x. 23. 

Quincy, hon. edmund. ii. 188. vii. 

Quincy, john. vii. 165. 

Quincy, samuel, bis letter to edmund 
quincy. ii. 188. 

Quincy, col. josiah. iii. 234. 

Quincy, josiah. i. 249. 

Quincy, hon. josiah. viii. 298. 

Quinnepiack, or quinnypiag, now new \ 
haven, viii. 146. 

Quinnibaug river, ix. 201. 

Qninsey, . viii. 243. 

Quittaquas pond in rochester. iv. 

Quitticus pond. x. 34. 

Quittiquash hills, iv. 254. 265. 

Quittiquash brook, iv. 254. 

Quittiquash island, iv. 266. 

Quo warranto, issued against neweng- 
land patent, v. 268. against mas- 
sachusetts. 272. copy of the fiist 
issued against massachusetts. viii. 
96. 97. sent by sir. e. andros to 
governour of Connecticut. 237. 

Quorum of assistants altered, vii. P. 

Quuennet, or quuinnet, meaning of. 
iii. 169. 


R, not articulated by indians. iii. 

Rache-jaune river, ii. 36. 
Ragged mountain, viii. 174. 
Rainsford, edward, elder. iv. 199. 

vii. P. 69. 
Rainsford's island, hospital at. i. 108. 
Rainy lake. ii. 12. 
Rale. See ralle. 
Raleign, north Carolina, persons from, 

settle east tennessee. vii. 58. 
Ralle, rev. Sebastian, a french Jesuit, 

killed at norridgewock. ii. 231. 

letter to his reverend father, written 

on the day he was slain. viii. 245. 

249. biographical notice of. 250. 
257. master of several indian lan- 
guages. 250. writes indian poetry. 

250. 251. his dictionary of the ab- 
nakis language is seized, and placed 
in harvard college library. 253. 
letter to capt. moody. 258. papers 
relating to his inciting indians 
against massachusetts. 264. 267. 
an intercepted letter from, detailing 
the war of norridgewock indians 
against the english. 266.267. dic- 
tionary of the abnaki language re- 
ferred to. x. 123. 141. 

Ralley. See ralle. 
Ralph, rev. john. iii. 13. 
Ram island, iii. 75. 



Ramsay, dr. david, quoted, iii. 244. 
viii. 167. 

Ramsdell, abednego. viii. 46. 

Ramsey, dr. alexander, delivers ana- 
tomical lectures at fryeburg, maine. 
i. 126. 

Rand, rev. william, of sunderland, 
Connecticut, afterwards of kingston, 
massachusetts. iii. 211. 

Rand, rev. John, of lyndeborough, 
new hampshire. viii. 177. 

Rand, dr. isaac. i. 108. 124. 247. ii. 
175. president of massachusetts 
medical society. 178. 

Rand, rev. asa, of gorham. iv. 181. 

Randal, william. iv. 241. 

Randolph, edward, an enemy of new 
england, exhibits articles of misde- 
meanour against general court of 
massachusetts. iv. 160. letter to 
j. pynchon, about a quo warranto 
sent to Connecticut, and requesting 
his attendance at boston, viii. 237. 
238. secretary of sir e. andros's 
council. 182. 

Randolph, hon. peyton, president of 
congress, ii. 221. 

Randolph, beverly, commissioner to 
western indians. iii. 249. 

Ransom, . iv. 277. 

Ranters, vi. 620. 

Raphael, his school of athens ; his mis- 
take, iii. 229. 

Rariton river, iii. 235. 

Rasdale, , a partner with capt. 

wollaston. v. 104. 

Rasles. See ralle. 

Raspberries, found at plymouth. ix. 

Ratcliffe, philip, creates difficulty in 
massachusetts; tried and punished, 
v. 137. 141. complains to the king, 
against massachusetts colony. 145. 
accusations against massachusetts. 
vii. P. 58. 88. 

Ratcliffe, rev. , reads the com- 
mon prayer in the town-house, bos- 
ton ; notice of. ii. 106. 

Rathbone, rev. . iv. 19. 119. 

vii. 38. 

Rathburn, rev. . vii. 168. 

Rattlesnakes, numerous in new eng- 
land. vii. P. 65. 

Raven's brook, iv. 280. 

Rawlins, nathaniel. iv. 241. 

Rawson, edward, secretary, iv. 24. 
158. v. 271. vi. 572. 595. viii. 

52. 55. 60. 63. 66. 67. 72. 74. 81. 82. 

89. 91. 180. 326. 
Raymond, John. viii. 46. 
Rayner, rev John, of plymouth. iii. 

199. \i\. 20. x. 65. at dover, new 

hampshire. vi. 364. death. 607. 
Rayner, rev. John, of dover. vi. 608. 

Rayns, ,ofyork. vi. 600. 

Read, John. x. 28. 

Read, george. viii. 46. 

Read, , member of congress 

from delaware. viii. 316. 
Reading, its church gathered, vi. 416. 

its church, the 24th, planted; mills, 

cattle, &c. vii. 51. 
Real estate ascends to the father in 

massachusetts. vii. 145. 
Reasons showing the lawfulness of 

removing from england to america. 

ix. 64. 
Recantations of confessors of witch- 
craft, iii. 221. 
Recollets, or Jesuit's college. ii. 

Red river, ii. 11.23.25. 26. 29. 
Red lake. ii. 11. 
Red brook, iii. 175. iv. 287. 
Redman, , tried at boston, vi. 

443. 444. 
Reed, william. vii. 123. 
Reed, rev. solomon, of middleborough. 

vii. 163. 167. 168. 
Reed, rev. dr. John, of bridgewater. 

vii. 163. 
Reed, asahel. viii. 46. 
Reed, ezekiel, his invention to make 

tacks, vii. 119. 
Reed, jesse, his invention to make 

tacks, vii. 119. 
Reed, John. vii. 169. 
Reed, daniel. ii. 180. 
Reed, caleb. vii. 169. 
Reed's hill. ii. 168. 
Reeve, , a man wounded by 

col. d. henley. viii. 296. 
Reeves, mrs. x. 197. 
Reformation in the churches. ii. 

Reforming synod, extract from. vi. 

Regiards indians, their number, resi- 
dence, and annuity, ii. 9. 
Regiments, four in massachusetts. vii. 

Registry of deeds early established in 

massachusetts. vi. 380. 
Rehoboth, north purchase, now attle- 



borough, i. 184. x. 171. history 
of, needed, iii. 203. x. 60. 

Rehoboth hill. iii. 163. 

Relation of the troubles, which hap- 
pened to new england by the in- 
dians, by increase inather, referred 
to. viii. 125. 

Relation, a brief, of the discovery and 
plantation of new england. ix. 1. 
cause of its publication. 2. 3. 

Relation, mourt's, of the beginning 
and proceedings of the plantation of 
plymouth. ix. 26, et seq. 

Relation of things remarkable at the 
plantation of plymouth (winslow's) 
ix. 74. 79. 

Religious liberty in the state of new 
york. i. 140. 

Religious men, only, chosen to office 
in new england. iv. 26. 

Remarkables of rev. increase mather. 
i. 206. 

Remonstrance of massachusetts med- 
ical society against college of phy- 
cians. i. 134. 

Report of physicians respecting the 
kine-pock. i. 123. of committee 
on the petition for college of physi- 
cians, i. 137. which petition is 
rejected. 138. respecting western 
indians, by john-f. schermerhorn. 
ii. 1. 48. of committee to mashpee 
indians. iii. 10. 12. 

Representatives, steps taken in mas- 
sachusetts towards a house of. vii. 
P. 6'). house of, in massachusetts, 
its bill of privileges, being the same 
as those of house of commons, viii. 
326. 327. of boston, before the revo- 
lution, x. 23. 

Republicanism prevalent in new eng- 
land. i. (xii.) 

Republicans, a tribe of indians. ii. 

Result of the synod at Cambridge or- 
dered to be printed, i. 20.1. 

Revell, or revil,one of the five under- 
takers, an assistant, returns to eng- 
land. vii. P. 2. 14. 

Revere, col. paul, his manufactory of 
bells, iii. 196. viii. 311. 313. 

Revil. See revell. 

Revolution in england. x. 25. 

Reynards indians. ii. 39. 

Reyner. See rayner. 

Reynes, . vi. 617. 

Reynolds, . iv. 85. 

vol. x. 46 

Reynolds, nathaniel. vii. 160. 

Rhode island, iii. 189. persons ex- 
pelled massachusetts remove to. 
v. 283. or aquidneyk, planted, 
vi. 335. always agreed in religious 
toleration. 336. errouls of opin- 
ion in ; various sects in. 337. dis- 
putes about baptism, &c. ; mrs. 
hutchinson exercises there publick- 
ly. 338. delusions at. 341. 342. 
troubled by nicholas eason. 343 
and providence, claimed to be with- 
in the patent of plymouth or Con- 
necticut. 510. laws, derogatory to 
the king, required by him to be 
repealed. vii. 94. state papers 
75. how obtained of canonicus. 
75. 77. early laws. 78. 79. threat- 
ened by united colonies for permit- 
ting quakers to be amongst them. 
82. 85. 86. appeal to protector 
and council. 87. colony's letter 
to richard cromwell ; patent from 
parliament. 88. charter from kincr 
and parliament. 90. court of 
assistants made justices of the 
peace. 93. king's requisitions, 
touching oath of allegiance, altera- 
tion of laws, &c. 94. addresses 
the king and earl of clarendon, 
about charter rights. 98. makes 
purchases of indians. 103. grant 
to, by lords and commons. 99. 104. 
narraganset indians request to be 
under the jurisdiction of 108. 
general assembly's letter to the 
governour of plymouth colony. 
109. 110. complaints against Con- 
necticut. 109. 110. counties ; 
number of white and black inhab- 
itants; towns. 113. letter of gen- 
eral assembly to commissioners of 
united colonies. 82. form of " en- 
gagement" in, under first and se- 
cond government. 96. 97. pro- 
visions for persons scrupulous of 
taking oaths. 96. obtains a char- 
ter to govern narraganset bay; pur- 
chases from indians. 99. com- 
plains of other colonies. 99. 100. 
103. 104. part of, called king's 
province. 99. 102. other colonies 
prohibited from exercising jurisdic- 
tion in ; government of, committed 
by the royal commissioners to the 
governour and council of the colo- 
ny. 100. complaints about boun- 



daries. 100. 104. 105. proposes 
to grant land to earl of clarendon. 
101. addresses the king and lord 
clarendon about infringement of 
charter rights. 88. advantages 
touching trade, &c 102. 109. 
petition about funds bequeathed in 
england to propagate the gospel 
amoncr indians. 102. 103. reasons 
why kinjr's province should be join- 
ed to. 103. 107. royal grant to. 
105. sends a plan of Connecticut, 
plymouth and rhode island to eng- 
land. 100. 105. discovered by 
rnassachusetts people. P. 5. viii. 
122. charter demanded to be sur- 
rendered by sir e. andros. 180. 
182. surrendered to the king. 183. 
238. donations of towns to boston, 
during the port bill. ix. 158. 
planted by people from boston. 
178. deed from narragansets to 
w. coddington and others. 180. 
original form of government. 183. 
184. with providence plantations, 
etc. incorporated by the name of 
providence plantations. 184. See 
providence, &c. 

Rhodes, zechariah. ix. 182. 

Rice, william. viii. 115. 

Rice, . viii. 315. 

Rice first planted in Virginia, ix.118. 

Rich, sir nathaniel, a patentee of new 
england. v. 217. 

Richards, amos. viii. 96. 

Richards, , of hartford, agent to 

the mohawks. vi. 629. 

Richards, John, agent to england, to 
answer to complaints of heirs of 
gorges and mason, vii. 614. repre- 
sentative of boston, x. 25. 

Richards, mrs. iv. 91. 

Richards, elizabeth. x. 178. 

Richards, rev. james, missionary at 
ceylon. viii. 171. x. 192. 

Richardson, lord chief justice, takes 
order against wakes and revels, vii. 
P. 77. 78. 

Richardson, capt. intends to fire at 
the battery at boston, but is pre- 
vented, vi. 477. 

Richardson, lieut. slain by indians. 
vi. 634. 

Richardson, john, founder of quakers 
at nantucket. iii. 32. 

Richardson, rev. gideon. iv. 60. 

Richardson, moses. viii. 46. 

Richlieu, cardinal, sends companies to 
cape sables, v. 161. prime minis- 
ter of louis xiii. vii. P. 79. 

Richmond, col. iii. 192. 

Richmond, rev. dr. edward, of dor- 
chester. viii. 167. 

Richmond, rev. abel, of halifax, rnas- 
sachusetts. iv. 282. 283. 

Richmond's island, waiter bagnall 
murdered at. v. 142. owned by 
mr. trelaney. vi. 381. murders at, 
by indians. vii. P. 35. black will 
hung at, for the murder of waller 
bagnall. P. 83. 

Rider, John, of plymouth, kills three 
deer at a shot. iv. 284. 

Riflemen in east tennessee. vii. 60. 

Rigbee. See rigby. 

Rigby, alexander, purchases plough 
patent, or ligonia. vi.368. appears 
before court at rnassachusetts in the 
controversy about ligonia. 369. 
370. his patent of ligonia confirm- 
ed. 510. 

Rindge, daniel. iii. 119. 

Rindge, isaac. iii. 119. 

Rio del norte. ii. 23. 29. 30. 

Rio grande. ii. 29. 30. 

Ripley, rev. samuel, of waltham. iii. 
284. x. 191. 

Ripley, -. vii. 123. 

Rising of seditious persons in Virginia, 
middlesex county, i. 70. 

River indians. v. 33. or scatacook 
indians, fugitives- from new eng- 
land in philip's war, their number, 
viii. 244. 

Rivers, earl of. i. (xxiv.) 

Roache blanche, ii. 40. 

Roaring brook, iii. 45. 

Robbery of an indian, punished with 
death, vi. 663. 

Robbins, nicholas. vii. 138. 

Robbins, john. viii. 46. 

Robbins, rev. dr. chandler, of ply- 
mouth. iii. 17. 176. 177, 198. 199. 

Robbins, mrs. jane. iii. 199. 

Robbins, rev. samuel-p. of marietta, 
ohio. iii. 138. 

Roberts, , president of the court 

at pascataqua in the place of capt. 
underhill. vi. 359. 369. 

Roberts, john. viii. 107. 

Robertson's history of america refer- 
red to. i. (xx.) 

Robertson, gen. james, agent to indi- 



ans. ii. 15. 22. settles east ten- 
nessee. vii. 58. 59. captain of the 
garrison; agent to the cherokees. 
61. explores the lands on cumber- 
land river. 62. 63. account of. 
63. visits Illinois and kentucky. 
63. 64. 

Robertson, mrs. vii. 64. 

Robertson, . vii. 168. 

Robin's pond. vii. 171. 172. 

Robinson, rev. John, of leyden. i.(ix.) 
iv. 118. character, v. 42. writes 
a letter of advice to the plymouth 
adventurers at their parting in hol- 
land. 53. writings about church 
government. 64. dies at leyden ; 
probable reasons why he did not 
come to new england. 96. forms 
of publick worship at his church at 
leyden. vii. 70. 71. letter of ad- 
vice to the colonists of plymouth, 
about to sail thither from Southamp- 
ton, ix. 30. 32. 

Robinson, elkanah. i. 175. 

Robinson, isaac. iv. 239. 

Robinson^ thomas. iv. 247. 

Robinson, william, a quaker, sentenc- 
ed to death, vi. 571. 

Robinson, deacon John. ii. 153. 

Robinson, james, secretary of boston 
board of health, viii. 41. 

Robinson, rev. otis, of Salisbury, new 
hampshire. viii. 178. 

Robinson, . vii. 155. 

Robinson's hole. iii. 77. 

Roche river, ii. 10. 

Rochester, massachusetts, history of. 
iv. 250. harbours, soil and pro- 
duce. 251. shipping and ship- 
building. 252. islands and brooks. 
253. hills, mills, manufactures, 
salt works and sheep. 254. geo- 
graphical divisions, fish and birds. 
255. moisture of air. 256. popu- 
lation. 257. sends three repre- 
sentatives to general court; histo- 
ry; purchased of the natives. 258. 
origin of name. 259. ecclesiasti- 
cal history. 261. fever at, deaths 
in, great gale and tide at. 264. 
losses by the gale. 265. first re- 
presentative under massachusetts; 
saw mills. 302. epidemick at, in 
1815, 1816. 303. description of. 
x. 29. 30. manufactories. 31. 36. 
ecclesiastical history. 31. ponds 
34. iron ore. 35. rivers. 36. 

mills. 36. schools, incorporation, 
representatives, town clerks, justi- 
ces of peace. 37. employ rue nt of 
people, police expenses, and popu- 
lation. 38. 

Rochet, , a protestant of ro- 

chelle, arrives at boston, and makes 
propositions about acady. vi. 478. 

Rock, . viii. 44. 

Rock island, viii. 174. 

Hocky river, ii. 40. 41. 

Rocky ridge, ii. 42. 

Rocky mountains, ii. 42. 43. 

Rocky indians. ii. 43. 

Rocky nook. ii. 196. 

Rocky neck, in carver. iv. 273. 

Rocraft, capt. v. 40. employed by 
sir f. gorges. 84. sent to new 
england to join capt. darmer, in 
laying the foundation of a planta- 
tion ; seizes a french barque there ; 
crew conspire, against him; goes to 
Virginia, and there his ship is sunk, 
ix. 8. 9. 10. killed there in a quar- 
rel. 10. 

Rodgers, rev. dr. John, author of brief 
view of the state of religious liberty 
in new york. ii.270. 

Roe, sir thomas, a patentee of new 
new england. v. 217. 

Rogers, rev. richard, of weathersfield, 
england. v. 276. seven treatises, 
vii. P. 42.44. 

Rogers, rev. John, of dedham, eng- 
land, the oniy boanerges of his time, 
vi. 554. 

Rogers, rev. ezekiel, from yorkshire, 
england, begins a plantation at 
rowley. v. 236. 237. ordained at 
rowley. 276. his epitaph on rev. 
thomas hooker vi. 541. vii. 12. 

Rogers, rev. nathaniel, arrives, and 
settles at ipswich. iv. 2. v. 240. 
274. death and character. vi. 

Rogers, Joseph, vii. 137. x. 58. 

Rogers, John. vii. 138. 

Rogers, nathaniel. viii. 107. 

Rogers, samuel. viii. 107. 

Rogers, ezekiel. viii. 107. 

Rogers, rev. daniel, of littleton. i. 

Rogers, rev. daniel, of exeter, new 
hampshire. iv. 78. 

Rogers, capt. w. of georgetown, his 



donation to boston during its port 
bill. ix. 163. 

Rogers, dr. John. iii. 111. 

Rogers, abner. ii. 179. his death. 
179. 160. 

Rogers, daniel-d. iii. 197. 

Rogerson, rev. robert, of brookline 
and rehoboth. ii. 149. 

Rolf, . viii. 242. 

Rolie, rev. benjamin, of haverhill, his 
wife and one child killed by indians. 
iv. 130. salary. 133. 139. ordi- 
nation ; slain by indians ; epitaph. 

Rolle, lord John. ix. 185. 

Rolle, john. ix, 185. 

Romanzow, count, iv. 98. 99. 

Romish church, whether a true one? 
causes difficulty in the church at 
watertown. vii. P. 31. 32. con- 
cluded not to be a true church. P. 

Roper, waiter, viii. 107. 

Rose, ship of war. i. 162. arrives 
with the charter, ii. 106. 

Roses, of several sorts, found at ply- 
mouth, ix. 62. 

Rosier, . v. 14. 

Ross, capt. viii. 156. 

Rossillon, monsieur, commander of a 
fort near cape breton. v. 162. 163. 

Rossiter, edward. v. 124. 131. as- 
sistant; dies. vii. P. 4. 14. a prin- 
cipal founder of dorchester, notice 
of. P. 14. of plymouth, england. 
P. 41. 

Roswell, sir henry, and others, have a 
patent of land from plymouth coun- 
cil in england. v. 108. and oth- 
ers, patentees, vi. 618. viii 97. 

Round pond. iv. 122. 

Rous, william, impeached for trading 
with an enemy, claims habeas cor- 
pus, viii 240. 242. 

Rousack island, ii. 229. 

Row, John, esq. iv. 84. 

Row, john. vii. 187. 

Rowley, henry, iv. 222. 239. 

Rowley, plantation at, by rev. ezekiel 
rogers. v. 236. origin of name. 
237. ordination at. 276. vii. 12. 

Roxbury. i. (ix.) church, the fifth 
in massachusetts, gathered in 1631. 
ii. 92. description of, by Johnson. 
92. settled. v. 135. 158. peti- 
tions to change the number of 
deputies from two to three, as for- 

merly, rejected. 243. some of its 
people settle Springfield, vi. 308. 
taxed £5 out of £50 in massachu- 
setts. vii. P. 1. tax for the sup- 
port of ministers. P. 6. principal 
founder and first church member, 
william pynchon. P. 14. alarm 
at. P. 24. tax. P. 31. 57. first 
minister, and members of its church, 
lor some time joined with the church 
in dorchester. P. 64. tax. P. 85. 
viii. 230. troops at. x. 3. 

Royal touch, i. 120. 

Roy den, capt. marmaduke, with oth- 
ers, sends capt. smith to new eng- 
land. v. 38. 

Rubio, father torres, referred to. x. 
105, et post. 

Rucke, john. viii. 105. 

Rudyard, sir benjamin, ix. 185. 

Ruggles, john, loses his daughter, 
vii. P. 17. sworn a freeman. P. 
63. 69. 

Ruggles, rev. timothy, of rochester. 
iv. 262. ix. 31. 32. 

Ruggles, nathaniel. iv. 302. 

Ruggles, hon. timothy, iv. 261. of 
hardwicke, anecdote of; president 
of congress at new york. 261. 

Ruggles, elisha, representative, iv. 

Ruggles, william. x. 37. 

Rum island in rochester. iv. 253; 

Rumball, daniel. viii. 106. 

Rumney marsh, iii. 285. 

Rupture-wort. iii. 24. 

Rurick, ship of discovery, iv. 98. 99, 

Rush, dr. benjamin, i. 138. 

Russell, hon. richard, his epitaph, ii. 
179. treasurer, iv. 24. viii. 88. 

Russell, rev. john, of weathersfield, 
Connecticut, then of hadley, after- 
wards of barnstable. i. 176. 177. 
vi. 314. 

Russell, rev. Jonathan, of barnstable. 
i. 176. 

Russell, george. iv. 240. x. 69. 

Russell, john, a wedderdrop'd shoe- 
maker, of woburn, his pamphlet on 
the synod at boston, vi. 624. dies 
at boston. 626. viii. 112. 

Russell, chambers, judge of supreme 
court, ii. 178. 

Russell, daniel. ii. 177. 178. 

Russell, hon. james. ii. 164. 165. 
gives land for the erection of a 
monument to general warren. 172. 



Russell, dr. charles. ii. 178. 

Russell, jason. viii. 46. 

Russell, seth. viii. 40. 

Russell, capt. John. iii. 195. 

Russell, george, sent to north Carolina 
for assistance for east tennessee. 
vii. 61. 

Russell, hon. thomas, of charlestown. 
ii. 46. president of society for pro- 
pagating the gospel among indians. 
48. 165. 167. 170. presents a clock 
to charlestown. 170. 196. x. 163. 

Russell, mrs. elizabeth, presents a bell 
to plymouth. iii. 196. 

Russell, philemon-r. ii. 180. 

Russell, james. ii. 178. 

Russell, . iv. 260. 

Russian voyage of discovery, iv. 98. 

Rust, henry, iii. 119. 

Rust, . iii. 119. 

Ruterford, rev. . iv. 19. 

Rutledge, gov. iii. 241. 

Ryder, . iv. 260. 

Ryshworth, , justice of peace 

in maine. vi. 584. 

Rysoon, william-johnson, his donation 
to boston during its port bill. ix. 


Sabbath, profaned in england. ii. 51. 
breaking punished, vii. P. 6. 93. 

Sabine river, ii. 24. 26. 

Saccanneset, or falmouth. iii. 14. 

Sacharum, lieut. iv. 98. 

Sachem, title of the chiefs of the east 
of new england. v. 29. 30. 

Sachem's rock. vii. 140. 

Sachems in massachusetts submit to 
the english government, vii. 45. 

Saconet point, iii. 43. 

Saconoroco, sachem of patuxet, his 
difficulty withgorton. vi.404. puts 
himself under the jurisdiction of 
massachusetts. 406. 

Sacrament, king's requisition about, 
in rhode island, vii. 94. 

Sacrifice rocks, iii. 201. 

Sacs, or sauks, indians, a warlike na- 
tion, their annuity, residence and 
number, ii. 8. 9. 13. 

Saco, description of, by rev. j. cogs- 
well, iv. 184. steep, saco and 
salmon falls. 185. mills and 
shipping. 186. schools and li- 
brary. 187. church gathered; 

meeting-house, baptisms and church 
members, baptist society, popula- 
tion and deaths. 188. bridges 
and harbours. 189. indians at. v. 

Saco river', iv. 185. v. 16. lands 
about, granted to capt. bonitham. 
224. comes under the jurisdiction 
of massachusetts. vi. 543. 

Saffinjohn. viii. 44. 180. x. 25. 

Safford, John. viii. 107. 

Saffyn. See Saffin. 

Sagadahock. i. (iv.) colony at, broken 
up ; account of. v. 37. or plough 
patent. 141. patent arrives in the 
ship plough, vii. P. 31. mutineers 
left at, by capt. rocraft, after one 
winter, are carried home to england. 
ix. 9. 

Sagamore, title of the chiefs of the 
west of new england. v. 29. 30. 
one to every one or two hundred 
indians. v. 31. 

Sagamore hill. iv. 234. 

Sagamores at muddy river (brook- 
line) ii. 141. 

Sagaquabe harbour, v. 56. 

Sagaquash. iii. 162. 189. 

Sagard, m. referred to. x. 132. 

Saggahew. iv. 169. 171. 

Sailors, of an english vessel, put the 
officers into a boat at sea; detect- 
ed, and most of them put to death, 
vi. 645. 646. their superstition, 
iii. 141. 

Sakaweston, an indian, carried to 
england, and afterwards a soldier in 
bohemia. v. 38. 

" Salamander," published by e. wins- 
low in favour of massachusetts. vi. 

Salem, i. (ix.) settled by gov. en- 
dicott and others, ii. 69. plant- 
ers enter into a covenant ; first 
church gathered at. 71. formerly 
naumkeag, or naumkeak. 163. 
account of witchcraft at. iii. 221. 
iv. 71. indians at. v. 32. the 
first plantation in massachusetts. _ 
1 11. 158. . name given to naum- 
keag. 112. first covenant of 
church fellowship. 117. 119. 120. 
church disturbed by strictness of 
discipline. 120. ordination at. 
276. ketches belonging to, cap- 
tured by indians. vi. 635. vii. 
51. 52. provincial congress held 



at. 160. taxed £3 out of £50 
in massachusetts. P. 1. tax P. 
31. 57. petition to massachusetts 
general court against disloyally, 
and in favour of appeasing charles 
ii. ; with names of the petitioners, 
viii. 105. ]06. tax. 230. witch- 
craft at. x. 11. 

Sales, John. ii. 165. 

Salisbury, capt. governour of albany. 
vi. 638. 

Salisbury, earl of, patentee of new 
england. v. 217. 

Salisbury, plantation at. v. 236. 242. 
its church, the 18th, planted, vii. 

Salisbury, new hampshire, its minis- 
ters and churches, viii. 177. 178. 

Salisbury river, vii. 172. 

Salmanezer. v. 27. 

Salmon falls, iv. 185. 

Salmon, , mistake corrected in. 

vii. P. 16. 

Salt, persons sent to make at pascata- 
qua. vii. P. 30. works at pascata- 
qua in 1630. v. 216. 

Salt-petre houses, orders concerning, 
vii. 44. 

Salter, malachi. viii. 281. 282. 

Salterne, robert, his voyage, his rela- 
tion, v. 11. 

Saltonstall, gilbert, esq. of halifax, eng- 
land. iv. 154. vii. P. 13. 

Saltonstall, sir richard, lord mayor of 
london. iv. 154 vii. P. 13. 

Saltonstall, samuel, esq. iv. 154. 

Saltonstall, sir richard, begins the set- 
tlement of watertown. ii. 94. iv. 
155. arrives, iii. 147. patentee 
of massachusetts. iv. 154. returns 
to england. 155. a friend to 
massachusetts colony ; liberality 
of religious sentiments ; patentee 
of Connecticut ; sends servants to 
settle Connecticut. 156. a patron 
of harvard college. 157. portrait. 
157. letter to messrs. wilson and 
cotton, in favour of toleration. 171. 
v. 109. first assistant. 120. 124. 
128. settles at watertown. 135. 
146. pinnace lost. 162. sends a 
barque to Connecticut to commence 
a settlement. 179. one of the five 
undertakers, vii. P. 2. 3. 5. 6. 
assistant. P. 21. 23. returns with 
his wife and three children to eng- 
land. P. 22. 24. 25. one of the 

six original patentees of new eng- 
land; one of the five undertakers; 
founder of watertown. P. 13. mis- 
take about his arrival corrected. 
P. 29. 64, "corrections." P. 73. 
appears before privy council in be- 
half of massachusetts. P. 89. as- 
sistant. P. 92. intended to come 
out to Connecticut, viii. 42. letter 
to j. winthrop, governour of con- 
, necticut, requesting to look into cer- 
tain complaints against r. ludlow 
and others. 42. 97. 

Saltonstall, richard, son of sir richard, 
arrives, iii. 147. settles at ips- 
wich ; case of conscience solved by 
mr. cotton ; treatise against the 
standing council causes agitation in 
the province, iv. 157. 158. assist- 
ant. 156. v. 259. sworn a free- 
man of massachusetts. vii. P. 29. 
returns to englnnd. P. 38. goes 
to england ; a friend to hampden : 
benefactor of harvard college. 158. 
159. returns to america; his death. 

Saltonstall, henry, m. d. iv. 159. 

Saltonstall, col. nathaniel, assistant, 
iv. 133. settles at haverhill. 159. 
171. chosen assistant ; opposed to 
trials for witchcraft. 159. 160. 
death. 161. 

Saltonstall, gov. gurdon. iv. 161. 
168. minister of new london, Con- 
necticut ; elected governour of 
Connecticut. 161. agent to ad- 
dress the king ; his character ; his 
portrait; a benefactor of harvard 
college. 162. obituary notice of. 
173. character by rev. mr. adams. 

Saltonstall, madam, wife of gov. 
saltonstall, donations to harvard and 
yale colleges, and to old south 
church and the poor of boston, iv. 

Saltonstall, richard, major, son of col. 
nathaniel, proceedings relating to 
schools at haverhill. iv. 125. 163. 

Saltonstall, nathaniel, son of col. na- 
thaniel, a tutor of harvard college, 
iv. 163. 168. 

Saltonstall, hon. richard. 127. 137. 
receives a colonel's commission; 
judge of the superiour court ; char- 
acter. 163. 168. 



Saltonstall, nathaniel. iv. 164. 169. 

Saltonstall, richard, son of judge sal- 
tonstall. iv- 164. 169. colonel of 
a regiment; at the capture of fort 
henry; escapes from Indians; she- 
riff of essex county; a loyalist. 
164. goes to england, and dies 
there ; character. 165. epitaph. 

Saltonstall, dr. nathaniel, son of judge 
saltonstall, death and character, iv. 
166. 167.169. 

Saltonstall, leverett, son of judge sal- 
tonstall, a loyalist, enters the British 
service; dies at new york. iv. 167. 
character. 168. 

Salstonstall, leverett, esq. son of dr. 
n. saltonstall. iv. 169. x. 191. 

Saltonstall, richard, son of dr. n. sal- 
stonstall. iv. 169. 

Saltonstall's mills at ipswich. iv. 

Samoset, indian, kind to plymouth 
colonists ; addresses them in eng- 
lish. v. 58. ix. 48. 

Sampeford, or sanford. vii. P. 58. 69. 
See sanford. 

Sampson, abraham. vii. 138 x. 

Sampson, henry, vii. 138. x. 57. 

Sampson, rev. ezra, of plympton, af- 
terwards of hudson, new york. iv. 

Sampson, rev. abishai, baptist minister 
at tisbury. iii. 74. 

Sampson's hill. iii. 72. 

Samson, capt. simeon. iv. 285. 

Samson, . iv. 294. vii. 123. 

Samson, sachem, a famous hunter, iv. 
267. 284. 

Samson, agonistes, quoted, i. (xi.) 

Samson's county, iv. 284. 

Samson's pond. iv. 272. 278. 

Sanborn, catharine. x. 177. 

Sanborn, abigail. x. 178. 

Sanctuit pond. iii. 1, 2, 7. 

Sand, for oil casks, iii. 24. 

Sanders, John. v. 76. ix. 87. 

Sanders, . iv. 260. 

Sandison, ralph, attempts to abolish 
slavery among the friends. viii. 
185. vaux's life of, referred to. 

Sandusky, upper and lower, residence 
of indians. ii. 3. 

Sandwich, iii. 14. 54. church of. 

iv. 1. viii. 192. effects of the gale 
of 1815 at. x. 46. 

Sandy river, ii. 231. 

Sandy point, iii. 20. 23. 24. 173. 

Sandy hill. iv. 53. 

Sandy hook. vi. 670. 

Sandys, sir edwin, letter to rev. mr. 
robinson and elder brewster; inte- 
rested for the plymouth pilgrims, 
v. 4(j. governour of Virginia com- 
pany. 47. 

Sanford, john, sworn a freeman, vii. 
P. 58. secretary and treasurer of 
rhode island. P. 69. vii. 77. 82. ix. 179. 

Sangekantacket. iii. 93. 

Sangekantacket pond. iii. 39. 

Sanger, rev. dr. zedekiah, of bridge- 
water, iii. 198. vii. 165. 

Sanger, richard. vii. 170. 

Sanger, zedekiah. vii. 170. 

Sanger, ralph. vii. 170. 

Sankoty head. iii. 23. 

Sansom, Joseph, esq. his description of 
nantucket, mentioned, iii. 38. 

Saquatuckett, or satucket, or massa- 
quatuckett. vii. 140. 

Saquisahanuke river, Virginia. ix. 

Sargent, rev. , of maiden, viii. 


Sargent, peter, viii. 44. 

Sargent, rev. Christopher, of methuen. 
iv. 153. 

Sargent, nathaniel-p. iii. 119. chief 
justice, notice of. iv. 153. 

Sargent, rev. , of woburn. iv. 


Sargent, rev. John, preacher to new 
stockbridge indians. ii. 47. 

Sargent, paul-dudley. ii. 251. 

Sargent, henry, his painting of the 
landing of the forefathers, noticed, 
iii. 225. 230. 

Sarsees indians. ii. 43. 

Sarson, capt. richard. iii. 86. his 
embassy to indians. 86. 

Sasacacheh. iii. 25. 26. 

Sashashawin river, ii. 11. 12. 42. 

Saskatshawine river, ii. 36. 

Sassachus, sachem of pequods, killed 
by mohawks. v. 254. viii. 123. 145. 

Sassamon. iv. 266. 

Satucket. See saquatuckett. 

Satucket pond. vii. 171. x. 61. 

Satucket river, viii. 172. 



Satuit, or seteat, now scituate. iv. 

Saughtuckquett. vii. 137. 139. 147. 
Saughtuckquett pond, vii. 147. 
Saugus. iii. 126. or cavvgust. iv. 3. 

indians at. v. 32. attacked by 

tarratines, or eastern indians. vii. 

P. 33? afterwards called lynn. P. 

36. tax. P. 31. 57. viii. 230. 
Sauks indians. ii. 39. See sacs. 
Sauliers, or a-wa-ha-was, indians, 

their residence and number. ii. 


Saunders, <. iv. 294. 

Saunderson, abner. iii. 268. 
Saunderson, John. iii. 268. 
Saunderson, mis. submit, x. 180. 
Sausaman, indian. v. 71. 
Saussetons indians, their number and 

residence, ii. 40. 
Sauters, or fols-avoin, indians. ii. 12. 

Savage, thomas, sen. iii. 285. vii. 

54. viii. 105. ix. 179. x. 24. 

Savage, thomas, his account of the 

expedition to Canada in 1690. iii. 

Savage, mrs. elizabeth. iv. 101. 
Savage, ephraim. x. 26. 27. 
Savage, perez. iii. 256. 
Savage, habijah. x. 27. 28. 
Savage, habij ah. viii. 286. 
Savage, james, esq. librarian of mas- 

sachusetts historical society. ii. 

285. letter from rev- dr. freeman 

containing errata in articles fur- 
nished by hirn for these collections. 

viii 286. 328. at. 191. 
Savanogee indian language, ii. 18. 
Savannah river, ii. 4. 
Savannah, georgia, captured by the 

british. iii. 228. british troops at. 

Savory, thomas. iv. 277. 
Savory, anthony. iv. 277. 

Savory, . iv. 260. 277. 294. 

Savoy confession of faith, vi. 623. 
Sawaquatock. See sa^adahock. 
Saws for cutting marble. ix. 129. 

Saxons, anglo. i. (xviii.) 
Saxton, rev. , of scituate. iv. 

233. vii. 22. 
Say, lord, friendly to new england. 

i. (xxvii.) iii. 151. iv. 156. v. 

177. 180. his purchase at pascata- 

qua. 221. dissuades men from 
coming to new england. vi. 376. 
377. vii. P. 12. ix.185. 

Say, professor, quoted, x. 132. 134. 

Saybrook forest, iii. 151. 

Saybrook, origin of its name vi. 309. 

Saybrook fort burnt, vi. 530. be- 
sieged by pequots. viii. 122. 131. 

Sayle, capt. procures an ordinance of 
parliament for planting bahama 
islands, vi. 523. goes to Virginia. 

Sayquish. iii. 175. 182. 

Scales, rev. james, of hopkinton, new 
hampshire. iv. 78. 

Scales, Stephen, tutor at harvard col- 
lege, i. 231. 

Scales, Jacob, iv. 179. 

Scalped persons in west tennessee. vii. 

Scammel, alexander, his lines for mu- 
sick. iii. 176. 177. iv. 90. notice 
of. 95. 

Scanton. iii. 14. 

Scarlett, sarnuel. viii. 105. 

Scatacook or river indians, fugitives 
from new england in philip's war, 
their numbers, viii. 244. 

Scelton. See skelton. 

Schermerhorn, john-f. his account of 
western indians. ii. 1. 45. remarks 
on his report concerning western 
indians, by e. hazard, iv. 65. his 
report referred to. x. 128. 

Schichmarew, lieut. iv. 98. 

Scifr's, henry, ii. 1C2. 

" School of athens," by rapbael, men- 
tioned, iii. 229. 

Schools, provision for, in massachu- 
setts. i. (xiii.) at ply mouth, histo- 
ry of. iii. 173. iv. 79. 86. acts 
about. 80. early law of massachu- 
setts about publick and grammar, 
viii. 66. 

School-gate. iv. 87. 

Schuyler, col. president of the council 
in new york. i. 150. 

Schuyler, gen. iii. 236. x. 3. 

Scilly isles, iv. 107. 116. 

Sciota river, ii. 4. 

Scioux indians. ii. 11. 12. 28. 

Scituate, history of, needed, iii. 203. 
history of; situation and settlement, 
iv. 219. disputes about its boun- 
daries. 220. original name. 223. 
progress of settlement ; settled from 



kent, england. 224. topography 
of; wood. 225. agriculture, ri- 
vers and brooks. 225. 22G. har- 
bours. 227. light-house ; average 
of deaths. 226. attacked by In- 
dians ; population at different pe- 
riods. 229. mackerel fishery. 
2*30. 232. ecclesiastical history. 
232. first inhabitants. 239. come 
to establish a fishing place, vii. 
P. 85. 

Scoby, william. x. 176. 

Scohegin falls, ii. 230. 

Sconektoket, or skenectady. vi. 

Scook pond. iii. 175. 

Scotch presbyterians in new york. i. 

Scott, mrs. a relation of mrs. hutchin- 
son, becomes an anabaptist ; per- 
suades roger williams to be rebap- 
tized. vi. 338. 

Scott, Joseph, iv. 269. 

Scott, sir waiter, x. 192. 

Scott's lane, in ipswich. vi. 628. 

Scottow, mrs. thomasine. iv. 101. 

Scottow, thomas. iii. 285. iv. 100. 

Scottow, joshua. iii. 285. memoir 
of. iv. 100. proceedings against, 
relating to the charles of oleron ; 
publications. 102. viii. 82. 

Scottow, thomas, jun. iv. 101. 

Scurvey, afflicts massachusetts colony, 
ii. 87. charlestown people die of. 
vii. P. 19. very common among 
first settlers of massachusetts. iii. 
129. destructive at boston and 
charlestown ; cured by juice of 
lemons, v. 139. destroys many 
people at plymouth and in massa- 
chusetts. vii. P. 19. 20. ix. 34. 

Scusset. viii. 192. 

Seabury, samuel. x. 67. 68. 

Seabury, bishop, iii. 116. 

Seabury, barnabas. vii. 165. 

Seaconk, within the bounds of ply- 
mouth, ix. 169. 

Seahorse teeth, imported into massa- 
chusetts. vi. 379. 

Seal, lord. See say. 

Seals, hunting of. iii. 29. 

Seaman, , comes to new eng- 
land. v. 36. 

Seamans, elder job, of new london, 
new hampshire. viii. 175. 

VOL* X. 


Searle, rev. Jonathan, of Salisbury, 

new hampshire. viii. 178. 
Sears, col. iii. 195. 


iv. 260. 

Seatocket, long island, vi. 668. 

Sea-venture, with sir t. gates and oth- 
ers, cast away at bermuda. viii. 

Seaver, John. ii. 144. 

Seaver, rev. nicholas. iv. 141. 

Seaver, elijah. viii. 46. 

Seaver, benjarnin-f. his letter about 
tristan d'acunha. ii. 125. 128. 

Sebaptists. vi. 626. 

Sebastecook river, ii. 230. 

Seccomb, rev. John, of Chester, viii. 
281. 283. 

Secombe, rev. Joseph, of kingston 
new hampshire. ix. 367. 

Seeker, bishop, remarks on his sermon 
before the society for propagating 
the gospel in foreign part.s, by dr. 
a. eliot ; describes the new england 
colonies in dark colours, ii. 190. 
account of the proceedings of the 
society. 192. mistakes respecting. 
194. 195. complains that episco- 
palians are taxed in new england 
for the support of independents. 

Secuncke, or sekonk, or rehoboth. iv. 

Sedgwick, major robert. vii. 54. x. 

Seditious words against massachusetts 
government punished, vii. P. 85. 

Sedley, james. viii. 232. 

Seekers, heresy of. ii. 58. deny the 
ordinances and worship of christ. 
74. v. 65. early at rhode island, 
vi. 326. 

Seely, robert, sworn a freeman of mas- 
sachusetts. vii. P. 29. viii. 139. 

Sei|)ican, now rochester. iii. 186. iv. 
222. 250. 258. 265. 

Seipican brook, iv. 253. 

Seminoles, or lower creek indians. ii. 

Seneca, or cyniker indians. v. 33. 
their number, &c. viii. 238. 244. 

Senepetuit pond. iv. 252. 253. 266. 

Senter harbour, iii. 114. 118. 

Sentry hill. iii. 79. 

Sepaconnet. iv. 267. 

Sepaconnet river, iv. 265. 



Separatists, v. 64. distinction be- 
tween them and nonconformists. 
118. 182. 

Sequasson, sachem of Connecticut, at 
war with uncas. vi. 450. arrested 
and brought to hartford ; is tried 
and acquitted. 462. 

Sergeant, William, vii. P. 86. 

Sergeant, rev. John, quoted. x. 

Sergeant-major, in massachusetts. fii. 

Sermons after the death of rev. dr. j. 
eliot. i. 248. 

Seteat, or satuit, now scituate. iv. 

Settlers of massachusetts under gov. 
winthiop. i. (xxii.) under gov. 
endicott. (xxii.) 

Seven, the number necessary to con- 
stitute a church, ii. 71. 

Sever, hon. william, of kingston, mas- 
sachusetts. iii. 205. 214. 

Sevier, lieut. John, governour of ten- 
nessee. vii. 61. 

Sewall, chief justice samuel,the elder, 
statement respecting the author of 
wonder-working providence, ii. 49. 
96. of salem. 116. his charac- 
ter by j. dunton. 117. manuscript 
journal mentioned. ]45. 146. 147. 
iii. 277. assistant, iv. 203. 236. 
extract from diary about cape cod 
canal, vii i. 192. letter, mention- 
ing sickness in boston. 242. com- 
missioner, with w. stoughton, from 
massachusetts, to meet those of 
the united colonies ; letter to col. 
John pynchon about troops to be 
sent against indians. 238. his pro- 
ceedings relative to an habeas cor- 
pus in massachusetts. 240. 242. 

Sewall, samuel, jun. ii. 144. 

Sewall, j. viii.243. 

Sewall, stephen ; chief justice, iv. 93. 

Sewall, samuel. x. 28. 

Sewall, henry, ii. 157. 

Sewall, david. iii. 119. 

Sewall, hull. ii. 157. 

Sewall, samuel. ii. 157. of brook- 
line, attorney, died at bristol, eng- 
land. 157. 

Sewall. professor, with others, goes to 
penobscot, to observe a transit of 
venus. x. 79. 

Sewall, henry, jun. ii. 158. 

Sewall's point, ii. 151. 

Seymour, sir edward, a patentee of 

new england. v. 217. 
Shad taken in great numbers in charles 

river by watertown people, vii. P. 

Shakalin. ii. 10. 

Shamuit, its meaning, x. 173. 174. 

Shaomet, or shoamet, named Warwick. 

vi.507. 509. 512. 
Sharp, thomas. v. 122. arrives. 133. 

assistant. 124. returns to england. 

140. assistant, vii. P. 5. 8. f4. 17. 

20. 21. house burnt. P. 22. returns 

to england. P. 22. 25. 09. 
Sharp, samuel. vii. P. 4. sworn a 

freeman. P. 63. 
Sharp, miss, dies at boston, the first 

female, as it seems, who died there. 

vii. P. 17. 
Sharp, lieut. of brookline, slain by 

indians. ii. 161. iv. 57. 
Sharp, william. ii. 144. 
Sharp, mrs. susanna, her donation 

of church plate to brookline. ii. 

Sharp, Stephen, ii. 161. 

Sharp, . i. 108. 

Shashin. See shawshin. 

Shaukimmo. iii. 25. 

Shaume river, iii. J 73. x. 173. 

Shaume neck. x. 173. 

Shaw, John, of plymouth. iv. 93. 

277. • 

Shaw, thomas. vii. 92. 
Shaw, John, of weymouth. vii. 164. 
Shaw, susanna. vii. 154. 
Shaw, Joseph, vii. 148. 164. 

Shaw, . iv.272. 

Shaw, rev. john, of bridgewater. iv. 

146. vii. 164. 168. 170. 
Shaw, deacon, iii. 192. 
Shaw, rev. oakes, of barnstable. i. 176. 

vii. 164. 169. 
Shaw, rev. bezaliel. vii. 104. 169. of 

nantucket. ix. 162. 
Shaw, rev. william, of marshfield. iii. 

199. vii. 164. 169. 
Shaw, lieut joshua. x. 44. 
Shaw, rev. John, of haverhill, ordina- 
tion, death and character, iv. 146. 

vii. 170. 
Shaw, samuel. vii. 164. 
Shaw, John. x. 178. 
Shaw, naphtali. vii. 170. 
Shaw, william-s. esq. ii. 274. iv. 146. 

Shaw, rev. John, of carver, iv. 277. 



Shaw, charles, history of boston, quoted. 
x. 175. 

Shaw, john-a. vii. 170. 

Shaw, zebulun-1. vii. 170. 

Shaw, . iv.277. vii. 123. 155. 

Shawanese language. See index, x. 
155. 158. 

Shawmut, or boston, ii. 141. iv. 155. 
x. 170. purchased of rev. w. black- 
stone. 171. its meaning. 173. 

Shavv-o-rnet, or Warwick, planted, ix. 
182. See shaomet. 

Shawnoes indians. ii. 4. 12. brave 
warriours ; their number; receive 
an annuity from united slates. 4. 

Shawshin, or billerica. iv. 76. com- 
missioners from Cambridge to. 76. 

Shawshin river, iv. 76. vii. 39. 

Shays, , the rebel, iii. 247. 

pursued by gen. lincoln, retreats to 
amherst. 247. his rebellion quell- 
ed by gen. lincoln. 248. 

Sheafe, sampson. viii. 44. 

Shearman, rev. John, of lynn, marries 
a granddaughter of earl rivers, i. 

Shearman, philip. ix. 179. 

Sheep, plenty in massachusetts. vii. 
37. brought to massachusetts. P. 
31. dutch, brought to massachu- 
setts. P. 92. 

Sheepscot river, v. 16. (orshipscot.) 

Sheep's head, fish. ix. 126. 

Sheffield, iii. 249. 

Sheffield, lord, a patentee of new eng- 
land. v. 217. 

Shelby, isaac, governour of kentucky, 
overthrows indians at chickamauga. 
vii. 62. 

Sheldon, iii. 241. 

Shelley, robert. iv. 240. 

Shelter island, iv. 257. vi. 668. 

Shemouahn, its meaning, x. 173. 

Shepard, rev.thomas. iv.18. arrives, 
v. 177. settles at newtown, now 
Cambridge. 189. death ; notice of. 
vi. 541.604. vii. 2^. 41 . interview 
with bishop laud, by whom he is 
forbidden to preach. P. 46. 47. 
death, viii. 17. 111. 112. his "sin- 
cere convert," &c. translated into 
indian, by eliot x. 125. 

Shepard, rev. thomas, of charlestown, 
ii. 171. 260. arrives, iii. 139. 148. 
152. his escape. 140. his voyage. 

Shepard, rev.samuel, his death, notice 
of. vi. 604. 

Shepard. rev. ieremiah, of lynn. ii. 
147. J y 

Shepard, rev. thomas, jun. of charles- 
town. ii. 171. 

Shepard, ralph. ii. 144. 

Shepard, gen. william, attacked by 
shays. iii. 247. with gen. lincoln 
in subduing shays' rebellion. 247. 

Sberburne, henry, v. 220. 

Sherburne, Catharine, x. 177. 

Sherley, james, of london, one of the 
partners in the profits of plymouth 
colony, vii. P. 74. his letter to 
gov. bradford. P. 93. 

Sherman, . iii. 285. 

Sherman, rev. james, of sudbury. iv. 

Sherman, roger, delegate to continen- 
tal congress, from Connecticut, ii. 

Sherman, Joshua, iv. 303. 

Sherman, , bookseller, iii. 18. 

Sherman, . iv. 260. 277. 

Sherrit, hugh. iv 170. 

Sherwood, rev. , of providence 

island, sent prisoner to england. vi. 
378. * 

Sheverick, samuel. vii. 149. 151. 

Shifting cove. iii. 173. 

Shillings of massachusetts described, 
ii. 275. 276. 

Shimmoah. iii. 25. 

Shimmuo. x. 174. 

Shingle brook, iii. 178. 

Ship, built at Cambridge, its fight with 
an irish man-of-war. vi. 526. built 
by the foes of massachusetts de- 
stroyed in launching, v. 180. be- 
longing to new haven, with many 
passengers of distinction on board, 
v lost at sea. vi. 527. in charlestown 
harbour, rocked twelve hours by a 
witch, vi. 531. seized in boston 
harbour under pretence of a com- 
mission from the admiralty in eng- 
land. vi. 474. difficulties in con- 
sequence of this seizure. 475. or 
barque, built by gov. winthrop, is 
launched july 4, 1631. vii. P. 31. 
sally, the first from beyond the cape 
of good hope to plymouth. iii. 197. 
six friends, iii. 259. 

Ship-building, in new england, to be 
traced perhaps to the dock-yard at 
Chatham, england. iv. 244. and 



trade, early flourish in massachu- 
setts. vi. 524. models for. x. 

Shipping, tons of, in massachusetts, in 
l800.°iii. 122. in massachusetts, in 
1665. viii. 72. 

Ship-timber in united states, i. 190. 

Ships, 198 or 298 in number, em- 
ployed in conveying passengers to 
america, previous to 1645. ii. 81. 
83. convey to america before that 
time 21,200 souls. 81. but one 
miscarried. 83. 84. arrive at mas- 
sachusetts with provisions, iii. 125. 
arrive in great numbers. 147. few 
arrive in massachusetts in 1631. v. 
148. near 20 arrive in massachu- 
setts. 157. two dutch, arrive from 
the texel with flanders mares, &c. 
177. arrive in massachusetts laden 
with provisions. 239. two, belong- 
ing to massachusetts, wrecked on 
the coast of spain. vi. 524. a list 
of, that arrive in new england in 
1630. vii. P. 10. 

Shipscot. See sheepscot. 

Shipwreck at plymouth. iii. 195. 

Shirley, james. iv. 220. 24p. 

Shirley, gov. william. ii. 187. 206. 
vote of thanks to, by plymouth, for 
his negative to the excise act. iii. 
194. 234. 

Shirley, William, viii. 154. 156. 

Shirley, james. x. 176. 

Shoals, isle of, fishing ground, iii. 
142. under jurisdiction of massa- 
chusetts ; instigated by gibson to 
revolt, vi. 381. 

Shoamet. See shaomet. 

Shoemakers, very early incorporated 
in massachusetts. viii. 13. 

Short, henry, viii. 106. 

Short, anthony. viii. 106. 

Short, rev. matthew, of rehoboth. i. 

Shotton, sampson. ix. 182. 

Shove, . iv. 84. 

Shower, rev. John. ii. 116. 

Shrewsbury, account of. i. 162. 

Shrimpton, samuel. viii. 44. 

Shrimson, . ii. 260. 

Shurd, abraham,of pemaquid. v. 145. 
his pinnace blown up. 195. vi. 
478.485. vii. P. 62. ransoms james 
sagamore's wife. P. 34. or shurt. 
P. 62. viii. 232. 

Shurt. See shurd. 

Shurtliff, John, killed by lightning, vi. 

Shurtliff, william. iv. 87. 277. 

Shurliff, . vii. 168. 

Shurtliff, . iv. 276. 

Shute, gov. letter from Joseph heath 
and John minot, about lather ralle's 
exciting the indians against massa- 
chusetts. viii. 265. and two others 
from s. moody on the same subject. 
265. 266. 

Siasconsit. iii. 21. 

Sicaock indians. viii. 235. 

Sickness in massachusetts and ply- 
mouth. vii. P. 92. 

Sidney, . i. (xiv.) 

Siki, or clam, shell fish. iii. 58. 

Silby, dr. ii. 23. 27. 28. 

Sillis, richard. iv. 239. 

Silver, thomas. viii. 106. 

Silvester, richard, of weymouth, his 
child accidentally shot. vi. 423. 
vii. P. 4. 

Simon, an indian, sets fire to a house 
near Portsmouth, and takes captive 
a young woman and child, vi. 

Simons, moses. vii. 138. x. 57. 69. 

Simons, samuel. viii. 88. 

" Simple cobler of agawam." iv. 138. 
by nathaniel ward. v. 155. ex- 
tract from. vi. 624. 

Simpson, lieut. viii. 156. 

Sims. See symme,s. 

Sincausin, indian family at mashpee. 
iii. 8. 

Singing by notes, first used in boston, 
iv. 301. 

Sion's saviour, &c. See zion's saviour, 
&c. iii. 123. 161. iv. 1.51. vii. 
1.58. viii. 1.39. 

Sioux, or nauduwassies indians, their 
language and different tribes, ii. 
39. 40. 

Sippican lands appropriated to schools 
at plymouth. iv. 86. 

Sippican river, x 36. 

Sippiqunnet, signification of. iv. 265. 

Six mile brook, iv. 268. 283. 

Sixpence of massachusetts described, 
ii. 276. 

Skamgnar, indian word ; its meaning, 
viii. 252. 

Skanton neck. iv. 293. 

Skeensborough. iii. 237. 

Skekets. iii. 182. 

Skelton, buley. v. 38. 



Skelton, rev. samuel, elected exhort- 
ing elder of the church at salem. 
ii. 71. account of. 71. 72. re- 
quires women to wear vails, under 
penalty of noncommunion. v. 117. 
strictness disturbs his church. 120. 
of lincolnshire, arrives in new eng- 
land. 112. 121. 122. 181. 189. his 
death. 204. vii. P. 4. 

Skelton, mis. wife of rev. rar. skel- 
ton, dies. vii. P. 22. 

Skenectady, or sconektoket. vi. 638. 

Skiff, mrs. remember, iii. 43. 

Skinner, rev. thomas. ii. 178. 

Skinner, John. ii. 181. 

Skins of birds, directions for preserv- 
ing, i. 19. 

Skook, its meaning, ix. 92. 

Slany, John, a merchant of london. 
v. 59. treasurer of the patentees 
for planting newfoundland. viii. 

Slave indians. ii. 43. 

Slavery, attempts to abolish in Penn- 
sylvania, viii. 183. 192. boston 
instructs its representatives to pro- 
cure the abolition of. 184. coun- 
tenanced by william penn ; common 
among quakers. 185. 

Slaves in massachusetts in 1754, 1755. 
iii. 95. 

Slitting mill, the second in new eng- 
land, erected at bridgewater. vii. 

Small brook, vii. 143. 

Small long pond, in wareham. iv. 

Small-pox, appears in Cambridge, i. 

108. prevails in massachusetts. 

109. in marblehead. 122. inocu- 
lation for, introduced into new eng- 
land by dr. z. boylston. ii. 159. 
at charlestown. 165. 166. among 
indians. iii. 127. 259. and spot- 
ted fevers, in massachusetts. iv. 
102. brought to new england by 
the talbot. v. 131. destroys many 
massachusetts indians. 194. 195. 
vii. 71. deaths by. 74. See inocu- 

Smalley, John. iii. 184. 185. 

Smart, mrs. x. 180. 

Smellie, . i. 108. 

Smelt pond, in kingston. iii. 207. 

Smelt brook, in brookline. ii. 145. 
in weymouth. iii. 176. in kings- 
ton, iii. 207. 

Smiley, rev. robert, (robin^on,) of 
weathersfield, Vermont, i. 258. 

Smith, capt. John, voyage. i (iv.) 
history of Virginia mentioned, (xx.) 
description of new england. (xx.) 
extract from history of Virginia, ii. 
267. map mentioned. iii. 175. 
v. 10. 35. quoted. 11. 13. 36. 
governour of Virginia. 12. names 
new england. 13. 35. comes to 
new england on a voyage of disco- 
very. 38. captured ; history re- 
ferred to. 40. names tragabizan- 
da, now cape ann, and calls three 
islands near it, three turks' heads. 
105. discovers pascataqua. 214. 
mistake about corrected, vii. P. 
39. with capt. darmer, sent to lay 
foundation of a plantation in new 
england, and for trade ; captured 
by a french pirate and detained 
prisoner, ix. 7. map. 111. 

Smith, sir thomas, governour of Vir- 
ginia company, v. 47. treasurer 
of Virginia, viii. 199. 

Smith, John, of amsterdam. v. 204. 

Smith, rev. ralph, of plymouth. iii. 
199. comes to plymouth ; minister 
there ; resigns his office, v. 97. 
arrives. 112. teaching elder at 
plymouth. 113. conditions re- 
quired of him previous to his com- 
ing to massachusetts. 121. 168. 203. 
vi. 662. 

Smith, richard,made by the pope titu- 
lar bishop of chalcedon, and bishop 
over the catholicks of england. vii. 
P 16. 

Smith, dr. warden, of wadham col- 
lege, vii. P. 52. 53. 

Smith, henry, viii. 229. 

Smith, rev. henry, of weathersfield, 
Connecticut, vi. 307. vii. 21. 

Smith, arthur. viii. 140. 

Smith, John. ix. 170. 

Smith, francis. iv. 110. 

Smith, richard, his trading house at 
north kingston. ix. 198. 

Smith, John, of plymouth colony, iii. 
184. 185. 

Smith, , of winnisimmet, killed 

by indians near york. vi. 631. 

Smith, george. viii. 107. 

Smith, lawrence. i. 69. sent with 
walklet to suppress the rising in 
middlesex, Virginia. 70. returns. 



Smith, , his early project of 

cape cod canal, viii. 192. 
Smith, daniel. viii. 182. 

Smith, rev. , episcopal mission- 
ary at providence, ii. 213. 

Smith, lieut. viii. 158. 

Smith, lieut. col. proceeds with troops 
to concord to destroy military stores 
there. ii. 224. 226. his march 
opposed at lexington. 225. exe- 
cutes his purpose. 226. attacked 
at lexington on his return. 226. 
his loss. 227. iv. 215. wounded. 

Smith, roger, esq. of south Carolina, 
his donation to boston during its 
port bill. ix. 162. 

Smith, hannah. x. 177. 

Smith, isaac. x. 180. 

Smith, jenny, x. 179. 

Smith, mary. x. 180. 

Smith, rev. dr. hezekiah, minister of 
the baptist church at haverhill. iv. 
150. his character. 151. 

Smith, rev. isaac, letter from, about 
performances at commencement, 
i. 249. 

Smith, hon. john-c. x. 192. 

Smith, . iii. 195. 

Smith, — , a hunter, iii. 118. 

Smith, gov. jeremiah. iii. 116. 

Smith, rev. Jonathan, of-chilmark. 
iii. 74. 

Smith, rev. eli, of hollis, new hamp- 
shire. viii. 178. 

Smith, rev. . iii. 108. 

Smith, . vii. 168. 

Smith, col. isaac. ii. 176. 

Smith, . iii. 66. 

Smith's point, iii. 20. 26. 

Smith's river, iii. 110. 118. 

Smith's pond. iii. 118. 

Smith's history of new york, referred 
to. x. 101, et post. 

Snake indians, their number, resi- 
dence, warriours and language, ii. 

Snake brook, iv. 55. 

Snappet. iv. 226. 

Snell, thomas. vii. 149. 154. 

Snell, Joseph, vii. 169. 

Snell, john. vii. 159. 

Snell, deacon ebenezer. x. 44. 

Snell, rev. thomas, of north brookfield. 
vii. 154. 

Snell, bezer. vii. 169. 

Snell, Issachar. vii. 170. 

Snelling, nathaniel-g. esq. x. 191. 

Snippet, iv. 226. 

Sniptecot pond. x. 35. 36. 

Sniptecot brook, x. 35. 

Snow, william. vii. 149. 

Snow, Joseph, vii. 149. 

Snow, daniel. vii. 160. 

Snow, mrs. of rochester. iv. 264. 

Snow, . iv. 260. 

Snow's pond. iv. 253. x. 36. 

Socananocho. vii. 48. 

Society for propagating the gospel 
among indians. i. (xxviii.) em- 
ploys mr. schermerhorn and sam- 
uel-j. mills. ii. 1. account of. 
45. incorporated. 46. number 
of its missionaries and school- 
masters. 193. 197. bequest to. 
vii. 167. 

Society in Scotland for promoting 
christian knowledge, ii. 45. 

Soconoco. vi. 459. 

Soderstrom, . viii. 323. 

Sohegan river, vii. 66. 

Soil, right to, in new england, to be 
determined in new england. vi. 

Soldiers, a law of massachusetts rela- 
tive to pressing them, referred to. 
viii. 86. 

Solemn contract, i. (xxi.) 

Soley, John. ii. 176. 177. 179. 181. 

Soley, samuel. ii. 178. 181. 

Somer isles enjoy liberty of con- 
science, vi. 534. 

Somerset, man-of-war. iv. 218. 

Sommerby, anthony. viii. 106. 

Sommerby, abiel. viii. 106. 

Sommers, sir george, comes out admi- 
ral of Virginia, with a colony, viii. 

Sooanogee language, ii. 4. 

Sopers, garrison at. vi. 674. 

Sophia, princess, mother of george i. 
her birth and marriages, vii. P. 16. 

Sorel. ii. 240. vi. 639. 

Sossoa, or sochso, a great captain of 
the narragansets. vii. P. 59. 

Souhegan, or amherst, new hampshire. 
ii. 250. viii. 176. 

Souhegan river, ii. 247. 248. 

Soule, george. vii. 137. 138. x. 57. 
67. fined for attending a quakers' 
meeting. 69. 

Soule, john. vii. 144. 

Soule, deacon william. iv. 182. 

Soule, deacon moses, jun. iv. 182. 




iv. 179. 

Soumrin, lieut. viii. 157. 

Souter, capt. iv. 219 

South beach, iii. 41. 70. 73. 

South brook, vii. 171. 

South Carolina, donations of its towns 

and individuals to b